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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

San Diego California Historical Markers

 
“Star of India” at the Maritime Museum of San Diego image, Touch for more information
By Richard E. Miller
“Star of India” at the Maritime Museum of San Diego
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 1030 — “Star of India” — [Maritime Museum of San Diego]
The “Star of India,” a three masted bark, is the oldest iron-hulled merchant ship afloat. Built on the Isle of Man, Great Britain, she was launched in 1863 and christened “Euterpe”, the trans-Pacific trade from 1871-1898 . . . — Map (db m50848) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 1906 Old Town Convent
Originally built as the St. Joseph’s Rectory at the corner of Fourth Avenue and Beech Street downtown, this building was moved through the streets of San Diego to this site in 1940. Here, it was used by the Catholic Church as a seminary, convent, . . . — Map (db m71059) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 49 — Adobe Chapel of The Immaculate Conception
Originally built as the home of San Diego’s John Brown in 1850, the house was converted to a church by Don Jose Aguirre in 1858. Father Antonio D. Ubach , formally a missionary among the Indians, was parish priest here from 1866 to 1907. It is said . . . — Map (db m11652) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Adobe Construction
The Casa de Aguirre, like many of Old Town’s original buildings, was constructed of adobe. Adobe bricks, flooring, roof tiles, and other materials were made locally by combining clay, sand, water and straw and pouring this mixture into wooden forms. . . . — Map (db m71060) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Balboa Park
The city’s haven for culture and leisure San Diego’s Cultural Oasis Located just minutes away from downtown San Diego, Balboa Park provides an enriching experience for more than 14 million visitors from near and far each year. Referred to . . . — Map (db m73907) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Balboa Theatre
The Balboa Theatre Has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 1924 — Map (db m51457) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 50 — Ballast Point Whaling Station Site
Late in 1857, the three Johnson brothers and the twin Packard brothers came to this site to survey possibilities for a station to "try out" or extract whale oil. Their operations began the next year. In 1869 the U.S. Government acquired the property . . . — Map (db m81235) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Birthplace of The San Diego Union
A pioneer newspaper of California Founded October 10, 1868 — Map (db m11661) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Birthplace of The San Diego Union
. . . — Map (db m11664) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Boundary Marker Number 258
Near this site the initial point of the boundary between the United States of America and the Republic of Mexico was established October 10, 1849. Today, the flag of the United States of America is again raised to symbolize friendship between the . . . — Map (db m51587) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Bum - San Diego’s Official Town Dog / Greyfriars BobbyThe “Tail” of Two Cities – The Brother Dogs Project
Bum San Diego’s Official Town Dog Died November 10, 1898 – Aged 12 Years Loved by everyone – owned by no one. His name suited him because he arrived as a town stowaway, befriended everyone and “bummed” quality food . . . — Map (db m52910) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Buque Escuela Juan Sebastian de Elcano
Commemorating the visit of the officers and men Buque Escuela Juan Sebastian De Elcano in homage to their comrades-at-arms who at this place raised and defended the flag of Spain - 1797 to 1821 Dedicado en pax y amistad San Diego, . . . — Map (db m81237) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 56 — Cabrillo Landing
Seeking the mythical Strait of Anián (the Northwest Passage) for Spain, on September 28, 1542, Iberian navigator Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo brought his three ships to Ballast Point, the first European landing on the coast of Alta California. . . . — Map (db m81236) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Cabrillo’s Ships
The first three sailing vessels to enter San Diego Bay came from the direction you are facing. They were the San Salvador, the Victoria and the San Miguel - Spanish vessels commanded by Juan Rodriquez Cabrillo. The San . . . — Map (db m15439) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 62 — Callan Hotel 1878
In 1886, Till Burnes leased this structure as his Acme Saloon. Here he kept his menagerie which included a wildcat, noisy monkeys, an anteater, and his pet bear who escaped on a least two occasions. The bear was also known to lick the face or even . . . — Map (db m109358) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 74 — Casa de Carrillo
Presidio Comandante Francisco Maria Ruiz built this house next to his 1808 pear garden late in 1821 for his close relative and fellow soldier, Joaquin Carrillo, and his large family. From this adobe dwelling, in April 1829, daughter Josefa Carrillo . . . — Map (db m82465) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 60 — Casa de Lopez
Built by Juan Francisco Lopez, one of San Diego's early Spanish settlers, the Casa Larga, or Long House, was among the first substantial houses built in the Pueblo of San Diego about 1835. In 1846 it was the home of Juan Matias Moreno, secretary to . . . — Map (db m11128) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 70 — Casa de Pedrorena de Altamirano
Miguel Pedrorena Jr. built this adobe structure in 1869. It was the final adobe built in Old Town. In January 1871 Pedrorena gave the building to his sister Isabel de Altamirano, joining together two pioneer California families. Isabel and her . . . — Map (db m11777) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 7 — Casa de Thomas Addition, 1930
While it appears to be part of the Quin Building, this structure is actually a separate addition built by Thomas Quin. Between 1930 and 1944, it was leased to several proprietors, and operated as an automobile service garage known as the Empire . . . — Map (db m52685) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 88 — Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Assoc., 1911
The original tenants of the two-story, Oriental-theme structure were the Gee Goon Tong, famous for their help in plotting the 1912 revolution which formed the Republic of China. The Benevolent Society was founded in 1920 as an outgrowth of the Tong, . . . — Map (db m52949) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Chinese Fishing and Shipbuilding Site
From around 1860 to the early 1890's, the Chinese had a fishing village at this site along the La Playa Trail. The village had ten shanties, drying racks and salting tanks. At the shore was a shipbuilding facility where Chinese junks were . . . — Map (db m82320) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 2 — Chinese Laundry, 1923
The south half of this building was the Hop Lee Chong Laundry, a Chinese laundry in continuous use from the building's construction in 1923 until 1964. The north half was the home of several Oriental businesses such as the "American Company", . . . — Map (db m52651) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 86 — Chinese Mission Building, 1927
This California Mission Revival-style building was designed by Louis Gill, nephew and protege of Irving Gill. The facade of the one-story chapel features a sloping red-tile roof over a central bell tower. The Chinese Mission, located in the building . . . — Map (db m52947) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Clifton A. F. Sprague, Vice Admiral, USNBorn 8 January 1896 - Died 11 April 1955
[Front]: Awards Navy Cross for the 25 October 1944 action off Samar. Admiral Sprague was aboard the escort carrier, USS Fanshaw Bay during this engagement. Legion of Merit Medal for his command of the USS Wasp. Gold Star in lieu of . . . — Map (db m8521) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Command Center, Building 200San Diego Naval Training Center — Liberty Station
Built in 1941, The Command Center was the focal point of the base. These were offices for the highest-ranking officers, including the Admiral in Command of the Center; the Station Commander, a Captain in charge of the buildings; the Recruit Training . . . — Map (db m50741) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 8 — Cotheret Building, 1903
Throughout the Gaslamp, this is the only building with an original second story balcony. The upstairs has operated as rented rooms under the names of the Cotheret, Ardmore, and Gaslamp Hotel. The Canary Cottage, run by San Diego's most notorious . . . — Map (db m52688) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Derby Dike
Until 1853 the erratic San Diego River dumped tons of debris into the harbor or poured into False Bay, now Mission Bay. At times it threatened to destroy Old Town San Diego. Lieutenant George Horatio Derby, U.S. Topographical Corps, built a dike . . . — Map (db m11136) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Don Antonio AguirreSan Diego Merchant and Ranchero — 1799 – 1860
Don Jose Antonio Aguirre built his adobe mansion on this site on or just prior to 1868. Because the Casa de Aguirre was one of the first houses in Old Town, the Aguirre – Antonio, his wife Rosaria and their many children – are considered . . . — Map (db m11648) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Downtown San Diego
"Go forth, with spirit, the civic vision, and the courage to build the city of your dreams." —Alonzo E. Horton A Vibrant New Town The most striking evidence of the city’s downtown renaissance is its skyline. From the sculptural . . . — Map (db m73906) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 784 — El Camino Real
This plaque is placed on the 250th anniversary of the birth of California’s Apostle Padre Junipero Serra O.F.M., to mark the Southern terminus of El Camino Real as Padre Serra knew it and helped to blaze it. 1713 – November 24 – 1963 . . . — Map (db m11958) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 68 — El Campo Santo (The Holy Field)
El Campo Santo once included The Adobe Chapel on Conde Street, in which is buried Jose Antonio Aguirre and where funeral services were held for Maria Victoria Dominguez Estrillo, Cave Johnson Couts, and many distinguished early San Diegans, between . . . — Map (db m11672) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 64 — El Desembarcadero
A landing near this point was used on May 1, 1769, by men from the San Antonio and San Carlos to bring fresh water from the San Diego River close by to the anchorage in the bay. For almost a century the landing and channel were used by . . . — Map (db m51079) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Estudillo House
. . . — Map (db m11781) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Father Antonio UbachLast of the Padres — 1835 – 1907
Antonio Dominic Ubach, passionate advocate for California Native Americans, and defender of Indian rights, ran St. Anthony’s Indian School on this site from 1856 to 1891. Father Ubach, created programs to help hundreds of Indian children adapt to an . . . — Map (db m11647) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 1031 — Ferryboat "Berkeley" — [Maritime Museum of San Diego]
The steam ferryboat "Berkeley" was the first successful west coast-built and operated ferry to be driven by a screw propeller as opposed to side-wheels. Built by the famous Union Iron Works of San Francisco in 1898, the ferry operated until 1958 as . . . — Map (db m51330) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — First Holy Mass Celebrated in California
This boulder erected November 12, 1932 by Court San Diego de Alcalá, No. 1099 of the Catholic Daughters of America, to commemorate the first Holy Mass celebrated in California, November 12, 1602 upon the arrival on this site of Sebastián Vizcaíno . . . — Map (db m81238) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — First Raising of U.S. Flag
On this site the United States Flag was first raised in Southern California by Lt. Stephen G. Rowan U.S.N., Commanding Sailors and Marines July 29, 1846. — Map (db m13043) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — First San Diego Courthouse
1847    First fire-brick structure in San Diego. Constructed by Mormon Battalion. 1849   Headquarters of the U.S. Boundary Commission 1850   Served as courthouse, church, school, and polling place over next two decades. . . . — Map (db m84183) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Fort Guijarros Site
An outpost of Spain's far flung empire at its greatest extent, this fort was completed before 1800 from plans drawn by Alberto de Córdoba in 1795. Its major action came under Corporal José Velásquez on March 22, 1803, in the "Battle of San Diego . . . — Map (db m81234) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 62 — Fort Rosecrans
President Millard Fillmore's executive order of 1852 created a U. S. Preserve on Point Loma. From 1870 to 1873 the coast artillery corpsmen evicted whalers from the site in order to begin the military installation. In 1899 it was named for William . . . — Map (db m81222) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 55 — Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery
A burial ground before 1847, this graveyard became an Army post cemetery in the 1860s. It is the final resting place for most who fell at San Pasqual in 1846, and for the USS Bennington victims of 1905. It became Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery in . . . — Map (db m82324) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 54 — Fort Stockton
Fortified briefly by Carlos Carrillo in 1838. This site became Fort Dupont (July –November 1846) after American forces took Old Town during the Mexican War. Retaken and held briefly by the Californios, it fell once more to the Americans, who . . . — Map (db m81720) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Fray Junipero Serra
In this ancient Indian village of Cosoy Discovered and named San Miguel by Cabrillo in 1542 Visited and christened San Diego de Alcala by Viscaino in 1602 Here the first citizen Fray Junipero Serra Planted civilization in California Here he . . . — Map (db m13055) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 10 — Frey Block, 1911
The Frey Block Building contains a rich ethnic history. In its first few years, the Frey brothers from France operated a second hand store here. The site later housed several Oriental restaurants. Near one entrance, one can find a tile advertisement . . . — Map (db m52690) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 75 — George Hill Building, 1897
This three-story structure was built to replace the landmark Horton’s Hall, which was partially destroyed by fire. The building was designed for five storerooms on the first floor, and thirty offices on the upper floors. The San Diego Normal School, . . . — Map (db m51597) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — George White Marston1850 - 1946 — Friend of His Fellow Men Lover of all Growing Things
Piece by piece through many years he acquired these acres, the site of the first Spanish settlement in California. He erected this building. He planted the trees and shrubs and nurtured their growth with tireless devotion, and when the barren . . . — Map (db m84997) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Gun Platform No. 1 - 1945San Diego Naval Training Center
The two larger mounts are 5-inch 51 calibre guns which were found on older battleships. This gun was designed to engage surface craft, especially swift torpedo boats that were too fast to be tracked and destroyed by a battleship’s large main guns. . . . — Map (db m52029) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Gun Platform No. 2 - 1945San Diego Naval Training Center
The three weapons are 3-inch 50 calibre duel purpose guns. Developed in the 1930s, the design was light weight for its time and used until automatic anti-aircraft weapons were perfected. This weapon was favored on smaller ships such as support . . . — Map (db m52030) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Gunnery Sergeant John BasiloneNovember 4, 1916 - February 19, 1945 — Piazza Basilone
Sergeant John Basilone was one of the first enlisted Marines to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor of World War II. He was also posthumously awarded the Navy Cross. He was born to Italian immigrants, Salvatore and Dora Basilone, in . . . — Map (db m83897) HM WM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Harbor Lights
No lighthouse kept vigil over the harbor four centuries ago when Cabrillo sailed into the bay. There were no channel buoys, fog horns, or local charts to guide mariners safely to anchor. Today, however, the Coast Guard and Port of San Diego provide . . . — Map (db m84888) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 93 — Horton Grand - Kahle Saddlery – 1886Historic Building
San Diego’s oldest Victorian hotel, the Grand Hotel was renamed the Hotel Horton in 1907, and is now the Horton Grand. In 1981, the Horton and the Kahle Saddlery, both located at different sites and slated for demolition, were disassembled, moved . . . — Map (db m51358) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 77 — I.O.O.F. Building, 1882
A joint effort of the Masonic and Odd Fellows Lodges, this Classical Revival-style building required nearly a decade to complete due to a lack of money and materials. A parade kicked off the long awaited laying of the cornerstone, into which was . . . — Map (db m51620) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — In Homage to the Spanish Expedition
En homenaje a la expedición española integrada por los buques San Salvador, Victoria y San Miguel que arribó a San Diego el 28 de septiembre de 1542 a mando de Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo quien tomó posesión de estas tierras en . . . — Map (db m85405) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — In Memory of the Heros of the Battle of San PasqualThey fought a good fight
1st United States Dragoons Company C Sergent. John Cox • Corporl William. C. West • Private George Ashmead • Private Joseph T. Campbell • Private Williamm. Dalton • Private John Dunlop • Private Joseph B. Kennedy • Private William. C. Leckey . . . — Map (db m82318) HM WM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — In Memory of the Mormon Battalion
whose members made the longest military march in U.S. History of over 2000 miles from Iowa to San Diego in 1846 – 1847 during the war with Mexico. Albert Warren Dunham Private – Company B 23 May 1828 – 11 May 1847 . . . — Map (db m82319) HM WM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Ingram PlazaPreble Field, Naval Training Center San Diego — — Liberty Station —
Panel 1 This plaza is dedicated to the memory of Osmond K. Ingram Gunner's Mate First Class United States Navy who sacrificed his life in an effort to save his ship and shipmates during an engagement between the U.S.S. Cassin and . . . — Map (db m51535) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Joao Rodrigues Cabrilho 1542Ao-Navegador-Portugues — Homena-Gen.DaMarinha D-Guerra Portuguesa
To the Portuguese Navigator Joao-Rodrigues Cabrilho A tribute from the Portuguese Navy — Map (db m12887) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Johnson-Taylor Adobe Ranch House
Established in 1862 by George Alonzo Johnson. The residence and later additions were used as a hotel, bunkhouse, and quarters for a working cattle ranch into the 1960's. Acquired by the County of San Diego in 1974, added to the National Register of . . . — Map (db m74495) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Juan Bandini
[Upper Marker] Dedicated to Juan Bandini 1800 – 1859 Patriot and Friend of the United States [Lower Marker] This structure has been recorded by the Historic American Buildings Survey of the United . . . — Map (db m13062) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Junipero Serra Museum
On this hill July 16, 1769, Padre Junipero Serra and the soldiers of Spain set the royal standard raised the cross and dedicated the Mission San Diego de Alcala — Map (db m51993) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 764 — Kate Olivia Sessions' Nursery Site1857 - 1940
This plaque commemorates the life and influence of a woman who envisioned San Diego beautiful. On this site she operated a nursery and gained world renown as a horticulturist. She was the first woman to receive the International Meyer Medal in . . . — Map (db m51098) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 31 — Keating Building, 1890
This Romanesque-style structure was financed by George Keating, but he passed away before its completion. His wife Fannie directed the completion, which is evidenced in the more feminine and decorative appearance of the upper floors. In 1893, San . . . — Map (db m51740) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — La Casa de Estudillo
1829   Large adobe-block townhouse buiilt by José Antonio Etudillo. Included servants' quarter, work and storage rooms, living and dining rooms, and Roman Catholic chapel. 1884   Helen Hunt Jackson's Ramona published, linking the . . . — Map (db m84725) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — La Playa Trail
JEDEDIAH STRONG SMITH Pathfinder of the Sierras Here completed the first trail from The Atlantic to the Pacific, Jan. 1827 — Map (db m14502) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — La Playa Trail
The Oldest Commercial Trail in the Western United States — Map (db m14504) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 57 — La Punta De Los Muertos(Dead Men's Point)
Burial site of Sailors and Marines in 1782 when San Diego Bay was surveyed & charted by Don Juan Pantoja y Arriaga, pilot, and Don José Tovar, mate, of the Royal frigate "La Princesa" and "La Favorita" under command of Don Augustin de Echeverria. — Map (db m51076) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Landing of Cabríllo
On September 28, 1542, Juan Rodriguez Cabríllo and his crew sailed into this harbor and became the first Europeans to set foot on what would later become the west coast of the United States. The exact landing area is not known, but many believe that . . . — Map (db m85068) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Lane Field Ballpark SiteFirst Home of the PCL San Diego Padres — 1936-1957
Hurriedly built in two months by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) for $25,000 in 1936, this wooden, green painted and later termite-infested ballpark was the original home of the Pacific Coast League (PCL) San Diego Padres. The breeze that . . . — Map (db m83871) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 5 — Lester Hotel, 1906
The first floor of this building has a colorful tenant history. The Goodwill Bar operated from 1906 to 1945. In 1945, Mike McIntosh and Sam Dini purchased the business. They were responsible for the "McDini" corned beef sandwhich of local fame. In . . . — Map (db m52682) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Little Italy Landmark SignLittle Italy - San Diego - California
The Little Italy Landmark Sign was dedicated and lit at the 7th Annual Little Italy Festa on the evening of October 8, 2000. The landmark sign was constructed as a tribute to this immigrant neighborhood which, until the late 1960s, was the hub of . . . — Map (db m109344) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Lloyd T. Lowrey PlazaSan Diego County Heritage Park
Lloyd T. Lowrey was a parks designer and landscape architect. he was a designer of the Blue Ridge Parkway, which connects the Shenandoah National Park in Virginia to the great Smoky Mountains National Park in North Carolina, and Director of San . . . — Map (db m51787) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Lt. George H. Derby
. . . — Map (db m84359) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Madeleine & Vincent DePhilippisLittle Italy Legends
To a store in San Diego's Little Italy, Vincent DePhilippis (1903 - 1957) and Madeleine Manfredi (1904 -1993) brought their version of the American Dream. Vincent was born in New York and raised in Naples, Italy. Madeleine was born and raised . . . — Map (db m109345) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 35 — Marston Block, 1881
In 1881, George Marston located his third department store in this two-story Victorian Italian-style building. It remained here until 1896 when it was relocated to a larger building. Until the 1970s, Marston’s was the largest and most successful San . . . — Map (db m77092) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 538 — Mason Street School
First public schoolhouse in this county. Erected at this site in 1865 and known as “Mason Street School – District No.1” when San Diego County covered an area larger than three New England states. Restored by popular subscription . . . — Map (db m11587) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 30 — Mercantile Building, 1894
The Mercantile Building is an extension of the Ingersoll-Tutton building to the north. This is evident in its matching architectural beauty. This structure housed several retail and service-oriented businesses, including A.M. Ingersoll’s ice cream . . . — Map (db m51952) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Mission Beach Roller Coaster
Has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemoration the history of the United States of America — Map (db m82278) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 52 — Mission Dam and Flume
After many attempts dated back to 1774 to provide a reliable source of water for crops and livestock for Mission San Diego de Alcala, a dam and flume system was finished between 1813 and 1816 by Indian laborers and Franciscan Missionaries to divert . . . — Map (db m51074) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 242 — Mission San Diego de Alcala
On Sunday, July 16, 1769 Fathers Junipero Serra, Juan Viscaino and Fernando Parron raised and blessed a cross to establish Alta, California’s 1st Mission. Relocated from Presidio Hill to this site in August 1774 the Mission was the mother of those . . . — Map (db m15262) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 711 — Montgomery Memorial
John J. Montgomery made mans first controlled winged flight from this hilltop in August 1883. He opened for all mankind the "great highway of the sky" — Map (db m51097) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 56 — Montijo Building 1881
This one-story building with 12-inch-thick walls was used as John Young's morgue from 1881 to 1885. John Young was the County Coroner, and claimed embalming to be his specialty. The basement vault was surrounded by ropes used to lower caskets into . . . — Map (db m109363) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Moreton Bay Fig
Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus Macrophylla native to Australia) In 1904 the House of Representative legislated protection of this tree. Requested by President Theodore Roosevelt after a visit of the area. This tree is now over 200 years old. — Map (db m70319) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 7 — Mormon Battalion
No. 7 Dedicated in commemoration the heroic sacrifice and history-making achievements of the Mormon Battalion "whose march over 2000 miles from Council Bluffs, Iowa to San Diego help to win California for the Union and open a . . . — Map (db m51992) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 452 — Mule Hill
On December 7, 1846, day following Battle of San Pasqual fought five miles east of here, General Stephen Kearny’s command while marching on San Diego was attacked by Californians. The Americans counter-attacked, occupied hill until December 11 when . . . — Map (db m40829) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — North Chapel, Building 208San Diego Naval Training Center — Liberty Station
Completed in 1942, The North Chapel Building featured leaded glass windows representing the 41 different training schools on site and one window representing the recruit. As the recruits at the Naval Training Center practiced many different . . . — Map (db m50742) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Old Ballast Point Lighthouse, San Diego
Established Aug. 1, 1890, Ballast Point Light Station was a fine example of “railroad Gothic” and lasted until 1866, when it was replaced by a light on top of a slender steel tower, and new quarters were built for the Coast Guard . . . — Map (db m84497) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Old Fire Station Number SixThe Firehouse Museum
From 1915 to 1970, San Diego Fire Department's Original Fire Station 6 proudly served the community of Little Italy. In the workshop on this site some of America's most significant fire service innovations were created by the specialty trade-skilled . . . — Map (db m109341) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 61 — Old La Playa
From 1770 to 1870, this was San Diego's port. Over the Brookline hide house, Americans unofficially raised a U.S. flag in 1829. At that time La Playa was a thriving trading and shipping village. Richard Henry Dana's account of the hide . . . — Map (db m51077) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 51 — Old Point Loma Lighthouse
This lighthouse built in 1854, was one of the first eight lighthouses on the Pacific Coast. It continued in use until 1891, when the new Pelican Point Lighthouse began operating. The Point Loma Lighthouse became the site of the Cabrillo National . . . — Map (db m36602) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 830 — Old Town San Diego
Settled by pensioned soldiers from the presidio and their families, Old Town grew into a cluster of adobe houses and garden plots in the early 1800s. By 1835, "it was composed of about 40 dark brown looking huts." The Stars and Stripes were first . . . — Map (db m51101) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Old Town San DiegoTimeline
See individual photos for textMap (db m85826) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Original Foundation Casa de Aguirrec. 1853
The stone pilings seen in this archaeological excavation unit are part of the original foundation of the Casa de Aguirre built circa 1853. The original adobe mansion extended ten feet to the east of where the current building ends. The 21st century . . . — Map (db m71058) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 4 — Pacifica Hotel, 1910
This building has been the home to several hotels beginning with the Midland in 1914. Later it was known as the New York, Seery, and finally Pacifica. In the 1930’s, it catered to San Diego’s military personnel. From 1917 to 1928, part of the . . . — Map (db m52426) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Point Loma
[Marker #1] In commemoration of the early aviation pioneers that flew American designed and manufactured sailplanes in San Diego. These aviators are remembered by those who flew after them and the citizens of San Diego. John C. Barstow . . . — Map (db m51788) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Post Chapel, Building 213Fort Rosecrans Historic District — Built in 1941
The Post chapel served Fort Rosecrans in World War II, the Korean War and continues to serve the U.S. Navy. — Map (db m81327) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 6 — Quin Building, 1930
In 1930, this Spanish Colonial Revival style structure was built in the heart of Chinatown for Thomas A. Quin. The top portion had two apartments, and the bottom floor was a combination storefront and storage space. Seven years after its . . . — Map (db m52687) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 87 — Quong Building, 1913
The Quong Building is not only an historical structure, it has also been the site of archeological digs. The building gets its name from Mow Yuen Quong, a business man who operated the structure from 1889 to 1928. The building has been listed in . . . — Map (db m52948) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 9 — Royal Pie Bakery 1884
Originally known as the San Diego Steam Cracker Factory, this brick structure has remained a bakery since its construction in 1884. During the first part of the 20th century, when the Gaslamp was deteriorating into a red-light district, the upper . . . — Map (db m109361) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 523 — San Diego Barracks1850 - 1921
An army supply depot for Southern California was established on this site in 1850. Designated New San Diego Post, it was garrisoned by troops from December 2, 1858 to May, 1866. Reoccupied December 1869. Name changed to San Diego Barracks April 5, . . . — Map (db m51094) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — San Diego Bay
One of the world’s finest natural harbors plays host above and below the surface Homeport to America’s Finest City One of the most beautiful and exemplary natural harbors in the world, San Diego Bay is steeped in rich maritime heritage . . . — Map (db m73905) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 59 — San Diego Presidio Site
Soldiers, sailors, Indians, and Franciscan missionaries from New Spain occupied the land at Presidio Hill on May 17, 1769 as a military outpost. Two months later, Fr. Junípero Serra established the first San Diego Mission on Presidio Hill. . . . — Map (db m11134) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 798 — San Diego State University
In 1960 the state legislature authorized the California State colleges to grant honorary doctoral degrees to individuals who have made unusual contributions toward learning and civilization. On June 6, 1963 San Diego State College was the first of . . . — Map (db m51099) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — San Diego: Birthplace of Naval AviationThe War Years 1941 - 1945
When war was declared in 1941, the city's civilian population exploded by more than 50,000 as workers streamed into the city. Transportation and housing facilities were soon overwhelmed. Trailers crowded once-empty land on the outskirts of the city. . . . — Map (db m109695) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — San Diego: Birthplace of Naval AviationProsperity 1945 - Present
As military installations were closed due to post-World War II reductions, the Navy concentrated its West Coast operations in San Diego. During the Cold War, the area became a major training center for supplying men, ships, and aircraft to the . . . — Map (db m109696) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — San Diego: Birthplace of Naval AviationThe Promise 1908 - 1910
In 1907, President Theodore Roosevelt sent America's battleships, called the Great White Fleet, on a world cruise. Dispatched largely as a goodwill gesture to Japan, the Fleet was scheduled to make San Francisco its first U.S. stop.

Led by . . . — Map (db m114833) HM

California (San Diego County), San Diego — San Diego: Birthplace of Naval AviationThe Celebration
Over the next four days the city's reception committee, headed by William Kettner, who would one day become the region's representative in the U.S. Congress, welcomed the men of the Fleet with an endless series of balls, guided tours, dinners, teas, . . . — Map (db m114841) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Santa Fe Depot
. . . — Map (db m117756) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 67 — Serra Palm
Traditionally the earliest planted tree in California. Directly in the rear, beneath the brow of the hill, lie the dead of the sacred expedition of 1769. Burial place of our first unknown soldiers. — Map (db m11959) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Services of the Mormon Battalion
The historic march of the Mormon Battalion -- -- More than 2000 miles through the wilderness -- -- was made in fulfillment of official U.S. orders. Brigham Young, Prophet – Leader of the Mormons, personally recruited these troops. The . . . — Map (db m51990) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 74 — Sheldon Block
This solid brick building was once four-stories high with a basement. The first floor was for retail, while the upper floors were for offices and lodging. Unfortunately, the upper floors had to be removed, because the structure was weakened when the . . . — Map (db m51731) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 891 — Spanish Landing
Near this point, sea and land parties of the Portola-Serra Expedition met. Two ships, the San Antonio and San Carlos, anchored on May 4-5, 1769. The scurvy-weakened survivors of the voyage established a camp, where on May 14 and July 1 they greeted . . . — Map (db m51104) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 73 — St. James Hotel, 1912
Now dwarfed by the city’s modern skyscrapers, the ten-story St. James was once the tallest building in San Diego. In 1914, the San Diego Union extolled it as “first class in every respect, with excellent service.” The hotel featured 146 . . . — Map (db m51793) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Stephen Tyng MatherJuly 4, 1867 - Jan 2, 1930
He laid the foundation of the National Park Service defining and establishing the policies under which its areas shall be developed and conserved unimpaired for future generations. There will never come and end to the good that he has done. — Map (db m84892) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Sylvester PattiePathfinder
Leader of the first party of Americans into Alta California over southern trails Arrived at San Diego Presidio March 27, 1828 An officer in the war of 1812 Born in Kentucky August 25, 1782 Died near this spot April 24, 1828 First . . . — Map (db m51997) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — The 500 Volunteer Soldiers of the Mormon Battalion1840 - 1848
In the midst of preparations for their exodus to the Valley of the Great Salt Lake, the Mormon pioneers were asked by the United States government to enlist a battalion of 500 volunteers for service in the war with Mexico. These troops started from . . . — Map (db m51991) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 71 — The Buel-Town Building 1898
With its arched corner entrance, bay window, and corbelled brick cornice, this building reflects the originality of the architects Hebbard and Gill. Gill, the principle designer, had a preference for natural forms, over the highly ornate European . . . — Map (db m109351) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — The CampanarioMission San Diego de Alcala
The Campanario is 46 feet high and holds the Mission bells. The crown-topped bell on the lower right is named Ava Maria Purisima – Immaculate Mary. It weighs 805 pounds and was cast in 1802. A crown-topped bell was usually supplied by the . . . — Map (db m14523) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — The ChurchMission San Diego de Alcala
The church is 150 feet long, 35 feet wide and 29 feet high. The church is long and narrow and because the width of the building was determined by the height of the trees available for beams. Windows were built high for protection and to prevent the . . . — Map (db m14517) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — The Freedom Tree
With the vision of universal freedom for all mankind. This tree is dedicated to the hostages in Iran. Taken captive 11–4–79 Released January. 20. 1981 — Map (db m77075) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — The Gravedigger of Old TownRafael Mamudes — (In Memory of)
Rafael Mamudes was a native of Hermosillo and led an adventurous life. He was once a baker and followed his trade to Monterey. He also mined at Calaveras County and made a sea voyage to Guaymas, Mexico. When he came here to San Diego, he supported . . . — Map (db m12664) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 59 — The Lewis Brick BlockStingaree Hotel, 1887
Known as the Lewis Brick Block, the upper floors were referred to as the Stingaree Hotel in reference to the area's red-light district. The main floor was used for a cigar and tobacco shop, billiard hall and revival center. This Victorian building . . . — Map (db m109353) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 60 — The Lincoln Hotel 1913
This four-story, steel-framed building features distincitive architectural treatment. Conveyed through a red clay tile roof and decorative white glazed ceramic tile on the facade. It was used initially as a wine business on the first floor with a . . . — Map (db m109352) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — The Mormon Battalion at San Diego
On arriving at San Diego on January 29, 1847, soldiers of the Mormon Battalion occupied Fort Stockton on this site. They promptly began to improve this community, digging the first wells, crating the first pumps to draw water, building the first . . . — Map (db m14488) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 65 — The Whaley House
Built by Thomas Whaley in 1856-57, this is the oldest brick structure in Southern California. In addition to being the home of the Whaley Family, it served variously as granary, store, courthouse and school, and as the town’s first theater. Whaley’s . . . — Map (db m11645) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 55 — Timkin Building, 1894Historic Building
Henry Timkin invented the roller bearing for the horse-drawn carriage, and was one of San Diego’s leading real estate investors. In 1894 he built this building at the cost of $7,200. It is most notable for the top brick overhang and the large . . . — Map (db m51547) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Tuna Fleet Service, World War II (1941-1945) — Tuna Harbor, San Diego
During World War II, 600 fishing vessels were taken by the Navy, Army, and Coast Guard, including 52 “Tuna Clippers”. On Pearl Harbor Day, the U.S. canned tuna industry was located almost exclusively in Southern California, and . . . — Map (db m52350) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — United States Aircraft Carrier Memorial
West face: [Seals of the Department of the Navy: U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps] “The air fleet of an enemy will never get within striking distance of our coast as long as our aircraft carriers are able to carry . . . — Map (db m61543) HM WM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — US Grant Hotel
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m51325) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 1042 — USS Recruit — [NTC Historic District]
This 2/3 scale model of a destroyer escort (TDE-1) helped instruct as many as 50,000 naval recruits annually in basic naval procedure. Commissioned 27 July 1949, the Recruit was the Navy’s only commissioned ship never to reach water. The . . . — Map (db m50829) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — USS Gambier Bay CVE 73 and Composite Squadron VC-10United States Navy — In Memory of the Men Lost in Action
[Panel 1]: Eternal God who alone spreads out the heavens and rules the raging seas, may this memorial bring continued remembrance to the one hundred and thirty seven men who died defending their country in time of danger, and whose . . . — Map (db m8480) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — USS Hoel * USS S. B. Roberts * USS JohnstonUnited States Navy — "In Everlasting Memory"
Inscribed here are the names of 525 men who died in the Battle of Leyte Gulf during the liberation of the Philippine Islands on 25 Oct 1944. Their ships, the destroyers USS Johnston (DD-557) and USS Hoel (DD-533) and destroyer escort USS Samuel B. . . . — Map (db m8428) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — USS San Diego Memorial
Panel 1: USS San Diego (CL-53) Light Cruiser Crew: 756 Officers and Men Battle Record Guadalcanal to Tokyo Bay 1942 to 1945 34 Enemy Engagements – 18 Battle Stars Steamed 312,000 NM Second most decorated . . . — Map (db m52197) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — Veterans Memorial
Dedicated July 4, 1994 Veterans of Foreign Wars - Military Order of World Wars Rancho Bernardo Post 7766 - Gen. J.P. Holland Chapter Major Abraham J. Baum DSC Commander Major Russell Whipple Commander Design and Sculpture . . . — Map (db m73832) WM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 1 — William Heath Davis House, 1850
The Davis house is the oldest surviving structure from San Diego's New Town. It is an example of a prefabricated, "salt-box" style home. Built on the East Coast, shipped around Cape Horn, and assembled in San Diego, The Davis House originally stood . . . — Map (db m51791) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 257 — Women of the Mormon Battalion
[Marker located on Front of Base:] Mormon women were anxious to reach the glorious West and any means offered seemed an answer to prayer to help them on their way. When it was learned four laundresses would be allowed each of the five . . . — Map (db m82280) HM
California (San Diego County), San Diego — 61 — Yamada Building, 1869
Although this building was not originally built by or used by Oriental tenants, its has found its home in the Asian community due to a succession of Japanese owners beginning in 1920. Under various proprietors, the structure was used primarily as a . . . — Map (db m109356) HM

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