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Glynn County Georgia Historical Markers

 
Boys Estate Marker, looking south along US 17 image, Touch for more information
By Mike Stroud, 2008
Boys Estate Marker, looking south along US 17
Georgia (Glynn County), Broadfield — 063-22 — Boys Estate(Elizafield Plantation) ←—1/2 mi.—«
Boys Estate, Georgia`s town just for boys, is located one-half mile west of here, on a part of historic Elizafield Plantation. Elizafield, first the home of Dr. Robert Grant, later of his son, Hugh Fraser Grant, was one of the rich River Plantations . . . — Map (db m12081) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Broadfield — 063-23 — Hopeton-on-the-AltamahaHome of James Hamilton Couper »— 1.4 mi. →
Hopeton Plantation, of which Altama is a part, lies about 1.4 miles West of here. A model rice and sugar Plantation of the early 19th century, described in books by several travelers from Europe, Hopeton is best remembered as the home of James . . . — Map (db m12128) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Brunswick — Brunswick Stew
The first Brunswick Stew was made here in the Brunswick - Golden Isles area in early colonial days. It remains an American Favorite. — Map (db m16615) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Brunswick — Brunswick's "Liberty Ships"
During World War II, the J.A. Jones Construction Company operated a plant approx. 1 mile south of this point on Brunswick`s waterfront. Between 1942 and 1944, a skilled labor force of over 16,000 men and women worked in service to the Allied war . . . — Map (db m12046) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Brunswick — 63-5 — Colored Memorial School and Risley High School
Brunswick's first public school for African Americans opened in 1870 as the Freedmen's School, later changed to Risley School to honor Captain Douglas Gilbert Risley, who raised funds for the school's construction. In 1923 the adjacent building, . . . — Map (db m24680) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Brunswick — Dedicated to the Veterans of 1898 -1902
“You triumphed over obstacles which would have overcome men less brave and determined” President McKinley Hiker of ’98 (On base of soldier) Dedicated to the Veterans of 1898 -1902 By the Department of Georgia and . . . — Map (db m62953) WM
Georgia (Glynn County), Brunswick — Emanuel United Methodist Church1800
Begun in year 1800 as New Hope Methodist Church on Laurel Grove Plantation 2 miles S. present site. 1833 original building moved to this site and name changed to Emanuel. Hand hewn pillars and wooden pegs are visible. 1799 George Clark, sent by . . . — Map (db m14443) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Brunswick — 063-21 — Glynn County
Glynn County, one of the eight original Counties of Georgia, was organized under the 1777 Constitution of the State of Georgia. It was named in honor of John Glynn, a member of the British House of Commons who defended the cause of the American . . . — Map (db m12226) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Brunswick — Glynn County War Memorial
[Upper Tablet]: Dedicated to The men of Glynn County who served their country and to those named who gave their lives for the preservation of liberty and freedom {Wreath emblem} 1917 The World War 1918 Arnold, . . . — Map (db m13130) WM
Georgia (Glynn County), Brunswick — 063-10 — Lanier's Oak←—«
During his visits to Brunswick in the 1870`s Sidney Lanier, Georgia's greatest poet, frequently sat beneath this live oak tree and looked out over "a world of marsh that borders a world of sea." Here he received the inspiration which resulted in . . . — Map (db m12300) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Brunswick — Lanier's Oak
'neath this gracious tree stood Sidney Lanier and under inspiration of the oak and the marsh wrote The Marshes Of Glynn " I will heartily lay me a-hold on the greatness of God : Oh, like to the greatness of God is the greatness . . . — Map (db m12554) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Brunswick — 063-1 — Mark Carr←—«
Brunswick`s first settler came to Georgia in 1738 with Oglethorpe`s regiment. He was granted 500 acres at this place, on which he established his plantation. Several tabby buildings erected by him stood nearby and a military outpost was . . . — Map (db m12429) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Brunswick — 063-2 — Sidney LanierGeorgia's Greatest Poet »—→
Was a guest in this home on many occasions in the 1870`s. It was then the residence of his wife`s brother, Henry C. Day. On these visits Lanier became acquainted with "The Marshes of Glynn" which he immortalized. — Map (db m12390) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Brunswick — The State of Georgia Salutes
[Upper right corner is the Prisoner of War and Missing in Action (POW/MIA) emblem] • The 77,000 Georgians who served in World War I; the 1,937 KIA; 3,319 WIA; 67 Ex-POWs and 54 MIA • The 324,373 Georgians who served in World War II; . . . — Map (db m72025) WM
Georgia (Glynn County), Brunswick — Union SchoolBrookman Community
This one room school house provided elementary education, grades Kindergarten through Eighth, to the Brookman Community from the year 1907 to 1955. This structure is an example of early African-American Vernacular. In the early years of the . . . — Map (db m107074) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Brunswick — World War II Memorial
Dedicated to the gallant sailors of the U.S. Merchant Marine and the U.S. Navy Armed Guard, who sailed, fought and died on those famous Liberty Ships and other merchant ships of the U.S. Maritime Service. This community is forever grateful for . . . — Map (db m11775) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — 63-29 — Captain Wylly Road
There were two Captain Wyllys in the history of Jekyll. It is believed the road was named for Charles Spalding Wylly (1836- 1923), Captain in the Confederate Army, 1st Georgia Regulars, a descendant of Clement Martin, who was granted on April 5, . . . — Map (db m17228) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — 063-38 — Confederate Battery
In 1861, Confederate battery positions on Jekyll Island were equipped with one 42-pounder gun and four 32-pounder navy guns en barbette, each having about 60 rounds of shot and shell. Casemates, hot shot furnace and magazines are recorded, also. Of . . . — Map (db m17187) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Evolution of EleganceThe Clubhouse — Jekyll Island
At the heart of any luxury resort or vacation retreat is sumptuous lodging. When the Jekyll Island Club incorporated in 1885, they knew that the success of the Club depended on a splendid but simple elegant Clubhouse. The Dubignon farmhouse . . . — Map (db m17262) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — First Transcontinental Call
First Transcontinental Telephone call was submitted by a telephone of this type January 25, 1915. Mr. Theodore N. Vail, President American Telephone and Telegraph Company talked from Jekyll Island, Georgia to Mr. Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of . . . — Map (db m18494) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Horton House
William Horton, " Undersheriff of Herefordshire," England came to Georgia in 1736. He built this building for his plantation residence and it was his home until his death in 1749. Major Horton succeeded Oglethorpe as Commander of the Regiment . . . — Map (db m18431) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Horton House Historic SiteBuilding a Home to Last — Jekyll Island
(Left text) William Horton worked and lived on this island until his death in 1748. He made numerous improvements to the land, unfortunately many of these buildings have been lost to time, and hidden by the sandy soil. Horton . . . — Map (db m17263) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Horton House Historic Sitethe French Emigre' — Jekyll Island
By the end of the 18th century, William Horton's small farm had become a large and prosperous plantation. After Horton's death, the island had several owners prior to the arrival of Christophe Anne Poulain du Bignon in 1791. Christophe . . . — Map (db m17338) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Horton House Historic SiteWarehouse Ruins — Jekyll Island
Jekyll Island was vey isolated from St. Simons and Brunswick in the 18th & 19th centuries. Due to this isolation the du Bignon family was mostly self-sufficient, as were previous owners of the island such as William Horton. What is now . . . — Map (db m17445) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Horton House Historical SiteEuropean Influence — Jekyll Island
William Horton decided to travel to Georgia with General James Oglethorpe in 1735. Unlike many passengers on the ship, Symond, he paid for his passage to America from England. Horton was granted 500 acres in return for paying for his . . . — Map (db m17342) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Horton House Historical SiteA Legacy Continues — The du Bignon Family
The plantation that Christophe Du Bignon established at the beginning of the nineteeth century had its good and bad years. When Christophe's youngest son, Henri, married Ann Amelia Nicolau in 1808, they were given 40 acres of planted . . . — Map (db m18617) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Jekyll Island Boat House Site, Shipshape for the Season — ( Jekyll Island Club, 1886-1942 )
(Left text) There is very little photo documentation of exactly what the Boathouse looked like during the Club era. Club members rarely would have been found in this area, It was typically used by year-round employees. The only . . . — Map (db m18565) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — 063-28 — Jekyll Island Club Wharf
Here anchored the most luxurious pleasure craft in the world during the existence of the Jekyll Island Club, 1886-1942. No other yacht was comparable to John Pierpont Morgan's several Corsairs. Corsair II, too large to dock, anchored in the . . . — Map (db m17405) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — 63-18 — Le Sieur Christophe Anne Poulain Du Bignon(1739- 1825)
Horton - Du Bignon House Du Bignon Burial Ground Beginning with Poulain du Bignon, five du Bignon generations made Jekyll Island one of Georgia`s most romantic Golden Isles. This tabby ruin and burial ground alone remain from Jekyll Island's . . . — Map (db m18497) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — M.E. Thompson and the Purchase of Jekyll Island
Melvin E. Thompson, Acting Governor, 1947-1949, was born in Millen, Jenkins County, Georgia, in 1903. After a career as educator and public servant, Thompson was elected Lieutenant Governor for the term beginning January, 1947. Following the death . . . — Map (db m17207) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — 063-15 — Major William Horton
Born in England Came to Georgia in 1736 Died at Savannah in 1748 These are the remains of Horton's tabby house. Major Horton of Oglethorpe's Regiment, the first English resident of Jekyll Island, erected on the north end of Jekyll a . . . — Map (db m17577) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Men of MeansSans Souci — Jekyll Island
What to do when you require privacy from the overflowing crowds of guests at the Clubhouse, but want to take advantage of its world-class French chef, new billiards wing, and the cheerful fireplace of the main parlor ? The answer for Henry B. . . . — Map (db m75571) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — 63-18 — Poulain DuBignon and DuBignon Burying Ground»—→
This burying ground contains the bodies of several members of the du Bignon family, descendants of Le Sieur Christophe Poulain de la Houssaye du Bignon, native of Saint-Malo in Brittany. One of four Frenchmen, former residents of Sapelo Island, who . . . — Map (db m17509) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — 63-16 — Tabby
Tabby was the building material for walls, floors, and roofs widely used throughout coastal Georgia during the Military and Plantation Eras. It was composed of equal parts of sand, lime, oyster shell and water mixed into a mortar and poured into . . . — Map (db m17578) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Taking Care of Family
With a family of eight Charles Stewart Maurice quickly decided accommodations of the Club House would not suffice. In 1890 he built Hollybourne, with plenty of large open, informal spaces, a home away from home during their winter stays here . . . — Map (db m72656) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — The Active Life
Edwin Gould purchased Chichota cottage within 5 days of his first visit to Jekyll Island in December of 1900. He quickly began modifying the cottage for his family’s arrival in March. Edwin made a commitment to the Island, purchasing several . . . — Map (db m72663) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — 063-31 — The Boat House Site
This is the site of the Jekyll Island Club Boat House where the 100 foot steamer The Jekyll Island was stored during the off season. (The Club season was usually from after New Years until before Easter). There was no Jekyll Creek bridge . . . — Map (db m17462) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — The Skeet House
The Skeet House is not in its original location, but stands as a symbol of the core philosophy that the Jekyll Island Club was founded upon – outdoor recreation. The Skeet House, along with the Skeet and Trap Range, was constructed in . . . — Map (db m81699) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — 063-35 — The Spanish on Jekyll Island
Within sight and sound of St. Simons Island, Jekyll Island was ideal for entertaining Spanish visitors to the settlement at Frederica. Major William Horton, resident of the island, received the guests while Oglethorpe on St. Simons, with cannon . . . — Map (db m17281) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Up In Smoke
Early in the morning, early in the century, it happened: Solterra caught fire. Built by charter member Frederick Baker in 1890, the house was an emblem of the nineteenth century: proper, discrete, upright. The old century seemed to be going . . . — Map (db m72668) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), New Hope — 67-1 — Needwood Baptist Church and Needwood School
Needwood Baptist Church was organized in 1866 on nearby Broadfield Plantation as Broadfield Baptist Church of the Zion Baptist Association. This structure, built in the 1870s, was redesigned in 1885 when the church moved its congregation here. Its . . . — Map (db m13575) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — A Clash Of Cultures
The skirmish at Bloody Marsh was more than a battle. It was a clash of cultures - each vying for control of what is now the southeastern United States. Soldiers from Hispanic colonies in the New World fought under the Spanish banner, with the . . . — Map (db m63869) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — A Man Named Wesley Passed This Way / Lovely Lane Chapel
On October 21, 1735, John and Charles Wesley and General James Oglethorpe (founder of the colony of Georgia) and eighty-four other passengers sailed from England on the ship "The Simmonds". After a hundred and fourteen days they sailed into the . . . — Map (db m12549) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — A Mission By The Sea / Susannah Wesley
(Front) A Mission By The SeaIn 1949, the South Georgia Conference of the Methodist Church purchased 43.53 acres of the Hamilton Plantation from the Sea Island Company for a Christian conference center. They named "Epworth" after the . . . — Map (db m12553) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — A New House?Fort Frederica National Monument
“Two coins were found on the floor. One was a British penny dated 1755, and the other was a United States cent dated 1798.” Archeological Report The life span of Frederica was brief. Most of the ruins you see represent . . . — Map (db m70227) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Battle of Bloody Marsh
We are resolved not to suffer defeat - we will rather die like Leonidas and his Spartans - if we can but protect Georgia and Carolina and the rest of the Americans from desolation             Oglethorpe Erected on the battlefield . . . — Map (db m63868) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — 063-42 — Battle of Gully Hole Creek
During the late morning of July 7, 1742 Georgia Rangers guarding the military road approach to the town of Frederica sighted a force of over 100 Spanish soldiers and their Indian allies. James Edward Oglethorpe, founder of Georgia, quickly . . . — Map (db m11634) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Broad StreetFort Frederica National Monument
"The town is divided into several ? streets along ? sides are planted orange trees… London Magazine 1745 Imagine a typical day here on Broad Street in the early 1740s. Women worked in fenced gardens. Children played in the streets. . . . — Map (db m70223) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — 63-9 — Cannon's Point Plantation
In 1793 John Couper, with his partner James Hamilton, purchased Cannon's Point in northeastern St. Simons Island. In addition to the production of cotton, Couper experimented with citrus trees, grapes, date palms from Persia, mulberry trees for silk . . . — Map (db m30167) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Captain Gascoigne
In 1736 Captain Gascoigne of the British Sloop-of War Hawk,established here at Gascoigne Bluff the base for the naval defense of the Colony of Georgia. The Spaniards landed here in the invasion of 1742. In 1794 Live Oak timbers were cut on . . . — Map (db m13414) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Cassina Garden Club Houses
These houses were slave cabins on the Gascoigne Bluff section of Hamilton Plantation which was developed in 1793 by James Hamilton into one of the largest estates on St. Simons Island. Eventually this Gascoigne Bluff area was given to Glynn . . . — Map (db m11810) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — 063-35 — Christ Church Cemetery
Here are buried former Rectors of Christ Church and their families, the families of early settlers and of plantation days, officers of the British Army, and soldiers of every war in which our country fought. The oldest tombstone is dated 1803 but it . . . — Map (db m12346) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — 063-33A — Christ Episcopal Church
This congregation was established as a mission of the Church of England in February, 1736. The Rev. Charles Wesley, ordained priest of that Church, conducted the first services in the chapel within the walls of Fort Frederica. The Rev. John Wesley, . . . — Map (db m17449) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Couper's Point
. . . — Map (db m14041) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — 063-39 — Delegal's Fort
The first fortification built by the British on the South End of St. Simons Island was erected near this site in April, 1736, by soldiers of the South Carolina Independent Company under the command of Lieutenant Philip Delegal. Before coming to St. . . . — Map (db m12167) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — 063-3 — Demere Road
From the site of the Battle of Bloody Marsh to the intersection with Ocean Boulevard, this road is part of the Military Road, sometimes called The King’s High Road, which was built by Frederica settlers in 1738 to connect Fort Frederica and Fort St. . . . — Map (db m12473) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Early History of St. Simons Island
The Spanish established several missions along Georgia's coastal sea islands. Two missions were located on St. Simons Island, called " Isla De Guadalquini" by the Spanish: Santo Domingo de Asajo (Guale) and San Buenaventura de Guadalquini . . . — Map (db m13431) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Epworth By The Sea / Epworth Pioneers
Epworth by the SeaJohn and Charles Wesley were born in a parsonage with thatched roof and solidly built walls in Epworth, England. This home was destroyed by fire when John was six years old. All the family were able to escape except John. From . . . — Map (db m12560) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Fort Frederica
In 1736, on this historic site, Fort Frederica was constructed by the early settlers of the Colony of Georgia under General James Edward Oglethorpe. It was the strongest fortification built by Great Britain on American soil and its purpose was to . . . — Map (db m18909) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Fort Saint Simons
. . . — Map (db m12183) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Fort St. Simons
On this site Fort St.Simons was built by English troops under command of General James Edward Oglethorpe in 1738. It guarded the entrance to the Frederica River through which ships must pass to reach Fort Frederica. With nearby Delegal's Fort, . . . — Map (db m81904) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Fort St. Simons
British settlement on St. Simons Island dates from 1736 when General James Edward Oglethorpe established the fortified town of Frederica seven miles northwest of today's lighthouse. Fort Frederica served as a defense against the Spanish in Florida . . . — Map (db m106265) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Frederica
" Frederica is situated on the Island of St. Simons, in the middle of an Indian field where our people found 30 or 40 acres cleared by them." Francis Moore 1736 A Voyage to Georgia The first british settlers landed here . . . — Map (db m18823) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Frederica - Candlemaker
John Calwell, the candlemaker, " had built lately a large house of three storied high which was looked on to be the best in town, with storehouses, etc. for carrying on the trade..." Journal of William Stephens June 25, 1745 During . . . — Map (db m18906) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Frederica - Huts and Houses
" Some houses are built entirely of brick, some of brick and wood, some few of tappy-work; but most of the meaner sort of wood only." London Magazine 1745 When Frederica was established in 1736, each freeholder was given a lot 60 foot . . . — Map (db m18905) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Frederica - Indian Interpreter
Mary Musgrove Matthews " has always been in great esteen with the General,... for being half Indian by extract, she had a very great influence upon many of them, particulary the Creek Nation...." William Stephens February 22, 1740 . . . — Map (db m18908) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Frederica - Military Road
" The inhabitants of the town went out on the 25th [September 1738] with the General and cut a road through the woods down to the soldiers fort..." Gentleman's Magazine January 1739 In front of you lies the trace of the . . . — Map (db m18911) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Frederica - Oglethorpe
This remnant is all that time has spared of the citadel of the town of Frederica built by General Oglethorpe A.D. 1736 As an outpost against The Spanish in Florida — Map (db m18919) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Frederica - Old Burial Ground
" This Frederica is a very strange place; it was once a town-the town,the metropolis of the island." Francis Anne Kemble Visitor to Frederica 1839 Here, in unknown graves more than two centries old, lie many of the early settlers of . . . — Map (db m18907) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Frederica - The Barricks
" There are barracks in the town on the north side,ninety feet square, built of tappy, covered by cypress shingles; and a handsome tower over the gateway...." London Magazine October 23, 1747 At the time of the Spanish attack in 1742, . . . — Map (db m18917) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Frederica - The Fort
" In the morning, Mr. Oglethorpe began to mark out a fort with four bastions, and taught the men how to dig the ditch, and raise and turf the rampart." Francis Moore 1736 A Voyage to Georgia General Oglethorpe chose this . . . — Map (db m18915) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — 063-12 — Gascoigne Bluff
Throughout the ages Gascoigne Bluff has been the gateway to St. Simons Island. An Indian village was located here. Capt. James Gascoigne of HM Sloop-of-war, HAWK, which convoyed the Frederica settlers on their voyage across the Atlantic in 1736, . . . — Map (db m12229) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — 063-13 — Gascoigne Bluff
Throughout the ages Gascoigne Bluff has been the gateway to St. Simons Island. An Indian village was located here. Capt. James Gascoigne of HM Sloop-of-was, HAWK, which convoyed the Frederica settlers on their voyage across the Atlantic in 1736, . . . — Map (db m13415) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — 063-8 — German Village»—→
Here in 1736, Oglethorpe settled a group of German Lutherans, known as Salzburgers, and their settlement was called the German Village. These Salzburgers made their living by planting, fishing, and selling their products to the Frederica settlers. . . . — Map (db m12389) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — 63-8 — Hamilton Plantation
In 1800 James Hamilton, with his partner John Couper, purchased land at Gascoigne Bluff. Under Hamilton’s stewardship, Hamilton Plantation became one of the major St. Simons producers of long-staple cotton. After Hamilton moved to Philadelphia, . . . — Map (db m19084) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — 63-10 — Hampton Plantation
In 1774 Major Pierce Butler of South Carolina purchased Hampton Point in northwestern St. Simons Island, and by the 1790s Hampton was developed into the island's largest cotton plantation in land and slave population. Signer of the Constitution and . . . — Map (db m51975) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — 063-9 — Harrington Hall»—→
Capt. Raymond Demere, a native of France, served many years in the British army at Gibraltar before coming to Georgia in 1738 as an officer in Oglethorpe´s Regiment. His home, Harrington Hall, was located at this site. Later generations of . . . — Map (db m14670) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Historic St. Simons Lighthouse
. . . — Map (db m13430) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Keepers of the Light
The present lighthouse was commissioned by the U.S. Government in 1867 to be built adjacent to the site of the 1810 tower. The 104' tower and keeper's dwelling were designed by the noted architect Charles Clusky. Clusky and . . . — Map (db m13486) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Lovely Lane Chapel
[Left panel] Constructed in 1880 by Norman Dodge, repaired in 1897 after a hurricane damaged it, the Chapel was designed by architect G.W.Laine of Atlanta. It was originally known as Union Church and later connsecrated [sic] as St. James . . . — Map (db m12552) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — North Atlantic Right WhaleMother and Calf Georgia's State Marine Mammal
In February of 1984, an expedition launched from St. Simons Island discovered the calving grounds of the North Atlantic Right Whale. Female whales give birth in nearby coastal waters during the winter months; But the young calves and their . . . — Map (db m55024) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — 063-6 — Old Spanish Garden
Spain maintained missions along this coast for more than a century. Beginning in 1568 Jesuit and, later, Franciscan missionaries labored to Christianize the Indians and cultivated in the mission gardens figs, peaches, oranges and other plants . . . — Map (db m12430) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Pike's Bluff
In circa 1740, James Oglethorpe established a watch house west of here on the bank of the Frederica River. In 1745, Edward Kimber described this site as a place "from whence they can see Vessels a great Way to the Northward" and it served as a . . . — Map (db m73889) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — 063-7 — Retreat Plantation
In 1804 William Page purchased land on St. Simons Sound and named it Retreat. With later purchases, Retreat became one of the preeminent plantations on St. Simons Island for the production of long-staple cotton. In 1827 the Pages' only child, Anna . . . — Map (db m11273) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Reverends John & Charles Wesley / Wesley Memorial Garden
Side 1: Reverends John & Charles Wesley “About 3:30 in the afternoon I first set foot on St. Simons Island and immediately my spirits revived.” Charles Wesley, March 9, 1736. Ordained ministers of the . . . — Map (db m58588) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — 63-3 — S.S. Oklahoma and Esso Baton Rouge Attacked by U-123
After midnight on April 8, 1942, the German submarine U-123 was in position off the St. Simons Island sea buoy. Minutes later it chased and torpedoed two tankers, the Oklahoma and Esso Baton Rouge, killing twenty-two crew members. Survivors were . . . — Map (db m15609) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Shoemaker and SoldierFort Frederica National Monument
“The soldiers have the privilege of cutting timber and building houses for their families, which many have done, and thrive very well.” London Magazine 1747 The first settler on this lot was John LeValley, Jr., a . . . — Map (db m70226) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — 063-4A — Sinclair Plantation
This was the plantation of Archibald Sinclair, tything man of the town of Frederica. In 1765 it was granted to Donald Forbes as bounty land for his services in Oglethorpe`s regiment. Forbes sold to Gen. Lachlan McIntosh of Revolutionary War fame, . . . — Map (db m12509) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — St. Simons Island
From March 9 - May 12, 1738, Charles Wesley, secretary to James Oglethorpe, was Anglican cleric to the founders of Fort Frederica. His stern discipline earned disfavor among the colonists and Oglethorpe. John Wesley, religious leaders of the colony . . . — Map (db m12155) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — 63-4 — St. Simons Park
St. Simons park was the site of a Mocama Indian village of approximately 100-200 people. The inhabitants used marine resources, agriculture, square wattle and daub houses, stamped and incised Irene style ceramics, and burial mounds characteristic of . . . — Map (db m12262) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Strong Walls From RefuseFort Frederica Natinal Monument
The settlers of St Simon’s Island in the 1700s used an unusual building material—oyster shells. The colonists found piles of them when they arrived here, discards from long-ago feasts of the local Guale and Mocama Indians. These mounds of . . . — Map (db m70176) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — TavernkeepersFort Frederica National Monument
Ann and Levi Bennett, “kept a good public house there (Frederica), and after her husband’s death married (Samuel) Lee who is an idle fellow, and her businesses is almost lost.” A List of the Early Settlers of Georgia 1763 . . . — Map (db m70228) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — The First Light House ~ 1810
In 1804, Scottish-born plantation owner John Couper sold four acres of land for $1 to the new United States government to build the first St. Simons Light Station.James Gould was hired to design and build the lighthouse . . . — Map (db m13463) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — The Flesh MarketFort Frederica National Monument
“In short, provisions in general are plentiful; venison, beef, pork at two pence, half-penny per pound, and sometimes under. Fish extremely cheap.” William Thompson, London Magazine 1747 Records identify this lot as the . . . — Map (db m70225) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — 63-6 — The Georgia Navy
During the American Revolution four heavily-armed row galleys were constructed in Savannah for the Georgia Navy, all underwritten by the Continental Congress. In nearby Frederica River, beginning at dawn on April 19, 1778, Georgia galleys Lee, . . . — Map (db m10088) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — The Historic St. Simons Light Station
Surely the most important aspect of the lighthouse to the mariner is the light that emanates from the tower. The tall, white beacon also serves as a day-mark. The light, a 1,000 watt electric bulb, is reflected by a fixed 3rd Order . . . — Map (db m13464) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — The Military Road
The Military Road connecting Fort Frederica with Fort Saint Simons, crossed at this point. Built in 1738 by British forces under Oglethorpe and used during the Battle of Bloody Marsh. W.P.A. 1936 D.A.R. — Map (db m72672) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — The Town WallFort Frederica National Monument
“The town is surrounded by a rampart with flankers, of the same thickness with that round the fort…” London Magazine 1745 The tree-covered embankment in front of you is a remnant of a mile-long earthen wall that once . . . — Map (db m73888) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — 063-34A — The Wesley Oak
Not far from this spot stood the "great tree" under which Charles Wesley had prayers and preached, March 14, 1736, the first Sunday after his arrival. There were about twenty people present, among whom was Mr. Oglethorpe. A year later, Georgia . . . — Map (db m12370) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — The World Is My Parish
. . . — Map (db m70178) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — Welcome to St. Simons Light!
The Lighthouse and Keeper's Dwelling were completed in 1872, replacing the Lighthouse destroyed during the Civil War. Orlando Poe, chief engineer for the U.S. Lighthouse Board, supervised the design. Charles Cluskey, the architect of many . . . — Map (db m106303) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), St. Simons Island — William Bartram TrailTraced 1773-1777 — Deep South Region
In 1774 William Bartram came to Frederica. He explored St. Simons Island and noted the flora and beautiful live oaks. — Map (db m11639) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Thalmann — 063-4B — Old Post Road
This road, formerly an Indian trail which paralleled the coast, was used by the Spanish and British. In 1778 it was traveled by Revolutionary soldiers who marched against Fort Tonyn. The first mail service south of Savannah was established over this . . . — Map (db m14444) HM

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