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Macon County Georgia Historical Markers

 
3 - inch Ordnance Rifle Marker image, Touch for more information
By Dale K. Benington, June 22, 2011
3 - inch Ordnance Rifle Marker
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — 3 - inch Ordnance Rifle — Model 1861
These guns could defend against a cavalry attack. Loaded and aimed at the prison yard, Confederate cannon also discouraged mass escape. Gun data Gun tube: Wrought iron, 817 lbs. Projectile: Shell and case shot Range: ½ mile with . . . — Map (db m47771) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — 6 - pounder Field Gun
With these guns, a few guards were able to control thousands of prisoners. Canister could cut a wide swath through a crowd. Gun tube: Bronze, 884 lbs. Smoothbore, diameter 3.67 inches Projectile: Solid shot, Case shot, Canister . . . — Map (db m47772) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Clara Barton
In Commemoration of the Untiring Devotion of Clara Barton ———— She organized and administered efficient measures for the relief of our soldiers in the field, and aided in the great work of preserving the names of more than . . . — Map (db m12126) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Earthwork Defenses
Half the cannon faced outward to defend against Union cavalry raids—spinoffs from Sherman's Atlanta Campaign. The other half were loaded with canister and trained on the prison grounds. When the prison was operating, deep ditches . . . — Map (db m89222) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Escape Tunnels
The ground at this end of the prison is pocked with deep holes - either tunnels or wells. Overcrowding disguised the digging. Beneath the sea of tattered shelters, prisoners could work undetected with mess plates, spoons,and canteen halves. It . . . — Map (db m89227) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Father Peter Whelan
Father Peter Whelan, an Irish-born Catholic priest from Savannah, arrived at Andersonville on June 16, 1864, to minister to the sick and dying. While other priests visited for brief periods, Whelan remained for nearly four months during the hottest . . . — Map (db m47796) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Gettysburg Address — Abraham Lincoln — 1809 -- 1865
Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great Civil War, testing whether that nation, or . . . — Map (db m47798) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Lizabeth A. Turner
Lizabeth A. Turner Past National President Woman's Relief Corps Auxiliary to the Grand Army of the Republic ————————— Life Chairman Andersonville Prison Board Died at . . . — Map (db m47830) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Massachusetts
[Front Side]: Death Before Dishonor Erected by the Commonwealth in memory of her sons who died in Andersonville 1864-1865 [Back Side]: Known Dead 767. Resolves 1900 Chapter 77 Approved May 28, W. Murray, Crane . . . — Map (db m12127) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Memorial Day Order — General Orders, No. 11.
Headquarters Grand Army of the Republic, Washington, D.C., May 5, 1868 I. The 30th day of May, 1868, is designated for the purpose of strewing with flowers or otherwise decorating the graves of comrades who died in defense of their country . . . — Map (db m12140) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Memorial to American Former Prisoners of War Stalag XVII-B — National Prisoner of War Museum — Andersonville National Historic Site
Erected by and in honor of all Americans held Prisoners of War in a German prison camp known as Stalag XVII-B in Krems, Austria 1943-1945 and in memory of all Americans held as POWs in European Theatre in WWII. — Map (db m93024) WM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Memorial to POW’s at Hiroshima Japan — National Prisoner of War Museum — Andersonville National Historic Site
In honor and memory of the U.S. Army Air Force and U.S. Navy airmen who lost their lives while prisoners of war at Hiroshima, Japan, the day of the bomb-August 6, 1945.

*S/Sgt. Charles O. Baumgartner-USAAF *2nd/Lt. Durden Looper-USAAF *2nd . . . — Map (db m93023) WM

Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Michigan
In Memorium Erected by the State of Michigan to her Soldiers and Sailors who were imprisoned on these grounds. 1861-1865. — Map (db m12129) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Monuments and Memories
At this corner of the prison, the state of Wisconsin erected a monument near the site where many Wisconsin prisoners had camped. Prisoners tended to form groups by state or regiment, to sustain morale. Look for other monuments on the prison site . . . — Map (db m12142) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — National Prisoner of War Museum
This building is a memorial to all Americans held as prisoners of war. Through exhibits and video presentations the museum is a reminder that American's freedoms can come at great cost. The museum's architecture is not based on a specific place . . . — Map (db m73170) HM WM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — National Woman's Relief Corps Tribute
This memorial erected in 1934 by the National Woman's Relief Corps, Auxiliary to the Grand Army of the Republic, as a tribute to the heroism of the sons of the following states who are buried in Andersonville National Cemetery. Number of dead. . . . — Map (db m12135) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Ohio
(Front): To her 1055 loyal sons who died here in Camp Sumpter from March 1864 to April 1865 this monument is dedicated. (Back): Death before Dishonor — Map (db m12130) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Patriotic Work of the National Woman's Relief Corps
This Tablet is Erected in Commemoration of the patriotic work of the Women's Relief Corps, Auxiliary to the Grand Army of the Republic, in the preservation and improvement of this historic site, comprising 87 acres, of which . . . — Map (db m48152) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Pigeon-Roosts
Sentry boxes or "pigeon-roosts" were mounted every 100 feet along the top of the stockade. The guards there had orders to shoot any prisoner who crossed the deadline. Otherwise they had little control over conditions inside. Perched above . . . — Map (db m89247) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Providence Spring
During a heavy rainstorm on August 14, 1864, a spring suddenly gushed from this hillside. The prisoners were desperate for fresh water, and over time the event became legendary. Several men claimed to have seen lightning strike this spot just before . . . — Map (db m12147) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Rhode Island
[Front/West Plaque]: Our Honored Dead Pvt. Charles N. Allen, Co. D, 1st Reg. Cav. Sgt. John H. Austin, Co. H, 1st Reg. Cav. Pvt. Frederick Bane, Co. A, 5th Reg. Art. Pvt. John W. Bidmead, Co. G, 1st Reg. Cav. Pvt. James . . . — Map (db m12131) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Shebangs — Prisoner Shelters
Prisoners at Andersonville had to provide their own shelters. With sticks and pieces of clothing, the prisoners improvised leaky tents and lean-tos. Many prisoners had no shelter at all. Protection from rain, dew, and broiling sun became a . . . — Map (db m89250) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Star Fort
Within this stronghold stood the offices of the post commander and the prison commandant. Fort and headquarters were symbols of power, but the fully enclosed earthworks also reflect the authorities' besieged state of mind. Hampered by supply . . . — Map (db m89238) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Stockade Branch
This stream, a branch of Sweetwater Creek, was the prison's water supply. Today's neatly dredged channel is misleading. When the prison was built, the stockade posts slowed the current, turning the stream banks into acres of stagnant swamp. The . . . — Map (db m12149) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Tennessee
[Front side of Monument]; In memory of her Union soldiers and loyal sons who died in Confederate prisons during the War of 1861-65. ————— "We who live may for ourselves forget but not for those who died here." . . . — Map (db m12132) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — The "Sinks"
This downstream end of Stockade Branch was the site of the camp "sinks" or latrines. According to the Confederates' original plan, prisoners would get drinking water upstream and use latrines downstream, where the current would flush sewage out . . . — Map (db m89243) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — The Battling Bastards of Bataan — No Mama, No Papa, No Uncle Sam — Andersonville National Historic Site
“…The Bataan garrison was destroyed due to its dreadful handicaps, but no army in history more thoroughly accomplished its mission…” General of the Army Douglas MacArthur.

“This bronze is presented to the Andersonville National . . . — Map (db m93022) WM

Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — The Commandant's Perspective
From these heights near headquarters, Capt. Henry A. Wirz could observe everything withing the prison walls. Envision the white post perimeters as the stockade; 30,000 human beings with that area; the din of all those voices, the groans from the . . . — Map (db m89240) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — The Expanded Stockade
The unhewn logs with daylight between them betray the Confederates' haste to expand the north end of camp. In contrast, the reconstruction at the North Gate section show the carefully planned design of the stockade's initial 16 acres, when . . . — Map (db m89248) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — The North Gate
The trail follows in the footsteps of newly arriving prisoners. Captured Union soldiers marched from the village railroad station, past this spot, and uphill to the North Gate, the main prison entrance. After prisoners passed through the outer . . . — Map (db m12144) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — The Prison Hospital — Third Hospital Site
This empty field was the site of Andersonville's third and last hospital. There were two previous hospitals within nine months. It did not take prisoners ling to realize that few patients returned. Knowing that medicines were in short . . . — Map (db m89239) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — The Raiders' Graves
These six graves were deliberately set apart; these six prisoners were buried with dishonor. Only enlisted soldiers were buried at Andersonville. With no Union officers to maintain order, life in the pen became anarchy. A gang known as the . . . — Map (db m93025) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — This Was Andersonville
You are about to enter Andersonville, one of the largest Confederate prisoner-of-war camps. Of the 45,000 Union soldiers confined here, nearly 13,000 died. Beyond a walking tour of the stockade area, a visit to Andersonville involves an inner . . . — Map (db m12145) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — View from a Pigeon-Roost
This photograph was taken in August 1864 from a sentry box just downslope from here. The photographer was A.J. Riddle, who was preparing a report for the Confederate government. Riddle's seven glass-plate negatives were apparently the only . . . — Map (db m89245) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Wisconsin — Let Us Have Peace
[Front Side]: This monument erected by the State of Wisconsin — in — grateful remembrance to her sons who suffered and died - in - Andersonville Prison March 1864-April 1865 [Front Lower Right Side]: D. . . . — Map (db m12133) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — World of Lost Spirits
When the inner gates swung open, new prisoners had their first vision of life inside. The noise, the stench, the crowd of emaciated men desperate for news, must have been overwhelming. New arrivals were known as "fresh fish." Anything of . . . — Map (db m89237) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville in Macon County — A Tight Stockade — Andersonville First Phase
These carefully hewn, closely fitted logs reflect the deliberate design of the prison's initial sixteen and one-half acres. At the far northeast corner, haphazardly spaced tree trunks reveal the hasty construction of the camp's ten-acre addition. . . . — Map (db m89233) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Marshallville — 49 E-2 — Home of Samuel Henry Rumph
This house was built in 1904 as the residence of Samuel Henry Rumph (1851-1922), father of Georgia's commercial peach industry. A noted horticulturist, he originated the Elberta peach at his Willow Lake Nursery. three miles east, 1870- 1875. His . . . — Map (db m9210) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Montezuma — 96.1 — Flint River Farms Resettlement Project
The Flint River Farms Resettlement Project was established by the U.S. Department of Agriculture Resettlement Administration in 1937. The Project was one of many similar community resettlement projects organized throughout the South during the New . . . — Map (db m53122) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Oglethorpe — Lanier/Miona Springs
Upon the chartering of Macon County, by an Act approved December 29, 1837, the town of Lanier was made the first county seat. Until 1854 it was a bustling center for many of the earliest settlers in the county including Georgia Senator and Brig. . . . — Map (db m40140) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Oglethorpe — 096-3 — Lumpkin Academy
Horace T. Lumpkin (1857-1930) A Virginia native and son of exslaves, is credited with introducing formal education to black children in Macon County. Lumpkin, who was educated at Knoxville College, Tennessee and Atlanta University, founded the . . . — Map (db m27258) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Oglethorpe — 096-1 — Macon County
This County, created by Act of the Legislature Dec. 14, 1837, is named for Nathaniel Macon of North Carolina, President Pro-Tem of the U.S. Senate. The first County Site at Lanier was moved to Oglethorpe in 1854 to be on the railroad. Lanier became . . . — Map (db m40011) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Oglethorpe — Mt. Zion Lutheran Church
Organized as a Lutheran society by Pastor John D. Scheck in 1836, the church which came to be located here received its first pastor with the arrival of Father Jacob Kleckley in 1838. The initial worship site for “Ebenezer Church” was . . . — Map (db m39615) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Oglethorpe — 096-2 — Timothy Barnard
Timothy Barnard, first white settler known to live on land now in Macon County, operated an Indian Trading Post on the west bank of the Flint River one mile southeast of here from pre-Revolutionary days until he died in 1820. For his loyalty to the . . . — Map (db m27185) HM

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