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Historical Markers in Kentucky

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A Night in Cane Valley Marker image, Touch for more information
By Tom Bosse, October 13, 2016
A Night in Cane Valley Marker
Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — A Night in Cane ValleyThe Great Raid — July 3, 1863
After engaging Union forces in Columbia the afternoon of July 3, Gen. John Hunt Morgan’s command continued north on the Columbia-Lebanon Pike. Just beyond the town, they passed Union Camp Gilbert, formerly named Camp Boyle, now abandoned - the site . . . — Map (db m98909) HM
Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — 1599 — Adair County Courthouse
On June 28, 1802, court ordered permanent seat of justice on the public square. First courthouse built in 1806. Present structure was designed by McDonald Bros., Louisville, and built by Wm. H. Hudson and Columbus Stone in 1887. A unique . . . — Map (db m83384) HM
Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — Adair County Revolutionary War Memorial
. . . — Map (db m83655) WM
Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — 604 — Col. Frank L. Wolford
A foremost champion of the Union, a staunch friend of the stricken South, defender of constitutional freedom. Born Columbia 1817, died 1895 and buried in city cemetery. Veteran Mexican War, leader famed First Kentucky Union Cavalry, hero of many . . . — Map (db m83387) HM
Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — 2243 — Columbia-Union Presbyterian Church
Side 1 Active Presbyterian congregations formed early in the county’s settlement:1803 on Col. Casey’s farm & 1827 in Columbia. Church was built in 1857 and has had continuous services ever since. County and city congregations merged in . . . — Map (db m83408) HM
Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — 707 — Confederate Raids
Front General John Hunt Morgan's cavalry, returning from second Kentucky raid, passed here on way back to Tennessee, Jan. 1, 1863. On raid, Union's rail supply line wrecked and $2,000,000 property destroyed. July 3, 1863, Morgan here . . . — Map (db m83391) HM
Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — 1782 — Daniel Trabue (1760-1840)
A founder of Columbia, Trabue built original house (SW corner of this structure) ca. 1823. He served as trustee, sheriff, and justice of peace; operated grist mill, inn and retail store. Here Trabue wrote memoirs, 1827, of pioneer era, which . . . — Map (db m83406) HM
Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — Frank Lane Wolford
Frank Lane Wolford (1817 - 1895). Adair County native, organized 1st Kentucky Cavalry (US) in 1861. His men knew little about the drill and discipline but had the utmost confidence in Wolford and he in them. The soldiers supplied their own horses . . . — Map (db m98906) HM
Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — 128 — Jane Lampton Home
Girlhood home of Jane Lampton (1803-1891). Wife of John Marshall Clemens. Mother of "Mark Twain." Granddaughter of Colonel William Casey, original Adair County settler. — Map (db m83397) HM
Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — 2242 — Male and Female School Site / Student Parking in the 1850s
Male and Female School Site The Columbia College Joint Stock Company formed in 1853 to build the M&F School. It was conveyed to trustees appointed by Transylvania Presbytery and opened in 1855. The building was a Union Camp during the . . . — Map (db m83412) HM
Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — The Door Was Left Open!Great Raid — July 3, 1863
John Hunt Morgan entered Kentucky July 2 with about 2,500 men who swam the rain swollen Cumberland River - many naked, not to be encumbered with soggy clothes. The rebel yell of the on-coming nude men took the Union scouts by surprise. Columbia . . . — Map (db m98903) HM
Kentucky (Anderson County), Lawrenceburg — 1479 — Distinguished Officers - Alumni of Kavanaugh
Kavanaugh School. Rhoda C. Kavanaugh founded school on Woodford Street which became known as "Little Annapolis." First boarding student came to prepare for Naval Academy in 1914. From then until 1945, Mrs. Kavanaugh launched 150 future Navy . . . — Map (db m317) HM
Kentucky (Anderson County), Lawrenceburg — 1122 — Hebron Church
A Cumberland Presbyterian church organized by Rev. Laban Jones in 1827 in log cabin on Thomas McCall farm, overlooking McCall Spring. the itinerant pastor traveled his circuit on horseback visiting his "preaching places twice a year". This church . . . — Map (db m105465) HM
Kentucky (Anderson County), Lawrenceburg — 1273 — Kavanaugh School“The Sun Never Sets on Kavanaugh.”
Kavanaugh Academy 1904-09; Anderson Co. High School 1909-20; Kavanaugh High School 1920-49. Rhoda C. Kavanaugh, A.B., founder and principal 41 years. Under her direction it ranked among the nation's foremost preparatory schools for Annapolis and . . . — Map (db m315) HM
Kentucky (Anderson County), Lawrenceburg — 1121 — McCall's SpringFormerly Cove or Lillard Spring
The McAfee bros., James McCoun, Jr. and Samuel Adams, first white men to explore this area, 1773. Cove Spring and Cove Spring Branch in Franklin Co. boundary line, 1794. Maj. Gen. Kirby Smith, CSA, and troops camped here on their way to join General . . . — Map (db m105464) HM
Kentucky (Anderson County), Lawrenceburg — 812 — Renowned Congressman
James Beauchamp (Champ) Clark born near here, 1850. Attended U. of K. Taught school in county, 1870-71. Pres. Marshall College, 1873-74. Congressman from Missouri 24 yrs. Led defeat of Cannonism, control of House by Speaker. Then Speaker, 1911-19. . . . — Map (db m313) HM
Kentucky (Anderson County), Lawrenceburg — 2029 — William H. Townsend(1890 - 1964)
Side 1: This renowned scholar, raconteur, and lawyer was born in Anderson Co. Educated first in a one-room school at Glensboro, he graduated from U.K. Law School in 1912. Among his books was Lincoln and the Bluegrass (1955). His . . . — Map (db m34786) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — Burial Mound(Mound C)
Native American Indian of the Mississippian culture were buried in this cemetery mound sometime in the A.D. 1200s. First excavated in 1932 by owner Col. Fain King, the mound was referred to as “Mound C”. A building was constructed over . . . — Map (db m58870) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — Ceremonial Mound
Excavations have shown that building stood on several earlier levels of this mound. We do not know how big those buildings were. This structure is approximately the size of the posthole pattern in the architecture building (Mound B) — Map (db m58872) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — 826 — County Named, 1842
For Capt. Bland Ballard, 1759-1853. Born in Va. Came to Ky. in 1779. Devoted life protecting frontier. Scout for George Rogers Clark's Ohio expedition, 1780. '82; Wabash campaign 1786. In the battles of Fallen Timbers, 1793; Tippecanoe, 1811; River . . . — Map (db m18550) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — 27 — Fort Jefferson
Fort Jefferson (also known as Camp Crittenden) was the second of two Union Army posts established in Ballard County in September 1861, following the Confederate occupation of Columbus. Fort Jefferson was first established during the American . . . — Map (db m18493) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — Fort Jefferson Memorial Cross at the Confluence
The story of the cross at Wickliffe began in 1937 when a few members of a community choir, spearheaded by Mrs. Noah Geveden, erected a small wooden cross on a hill at the Ancient Buried City (now known as Wickliffe Mounds Research Center) in . . . — Map (db m113749) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — 1309 — Fort Jefferson Site / Indian Massacre
(North Side):Fort Jefferson Site Built in 1780 by George Rogers Clark as part of impressive plan of settlement, conceived by Gov. Patrick Henry of Virginia, later pursued by and named for Gov. Thomas Jefferson. The fort was to protect US . . . — Map (db m18639) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — King Mounds"Ancient Buried City"
Site of an ancient religious and commercial center of the Mound Builder. Approximately one thousand years old, situated on the only high ground at the confluence of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers. Tombs, temples, altars, jewels, dwellings, tools, . . . — Map (db m58869) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — Lewis & Clark at Old Fort Jefferson
Long before Lewis and Clark stopped near Wickliffe in western Kentucky on their outbound trip to the west, Fort Jefferson had been built in 1780-81 by George Rogers Clark during the Revolutionary War as an outpost against British-led Indian attacks. . . . — Map (db m18548) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — 2209 — Lewis and Clark in Kentucky Fort Jefferson
(North Side):Lewis and Clark in Kentucky Fort Jefferson Lewis and Clark and a party of eight men visited the site of Fort Jefferson on Nov. 18, 1803, while on their epic 1803-1806 journey to the Pacific. Fort est. in 1780 by Clark's . . . — Map (db m18545) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — 46 — The Prince of the French Explorers
(North Side):The Prince of the French Explorers Commissioned by Louis XIV of France, the Sieur Robert de LaSalle, sweeping down the Mississippi with his flotilla of canoes, stopped in 1682 at this place, in his quest for the mouth of the . . . — Map (db m18551) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — 757 — Union Supply Base
One of first Kentucky positions, Fort Jefferson, occupied by Union troops after Confederate seizure of Columbus, Sept. 1861. From this base, Gen. U.S. Grant directed demonstration against Columbus, Jan. 1862. Troops from here joined in capturing Ft. . . . — Map (db m18519) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — Welcome to Wickliffe MoundsState Historic Site
Nearly one thousand years ago, this village was home for Native Americans of the prehistoric Mississippian culture. Peaceful farmers, these mound building Indians lived throughout the Ohio and Mississippi river valleys. Exhibits at Wicklffe Mounds . . . — Map (db m58873) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Cave City — 1489 — Cave City Raid
CSA General John Hunt Morgan and a company of troops arrived here, May 11, 1862. They seized a train reported to be carrying some of Morgan's men captured at Lebanon, Tenn. Instead, it carried railroad employees whom he released. Morgan burned the . . . — Map (db m321) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Cave City — 1317 — Gen. Joseph H. Lewis1824 - 1904
Confederate Brigadier General, commanded famous “Orphan Brigade” in Civil War. In 1861 he conducted recruiting and training camp here. State legislature, 1850-54, 69-70. US Congress, 1870-73. Member of Kentucky Court of Appeals for 24 . . . — Map (db m96727) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Cave City — General Joseph H. Lewis
General Joseph H. Lewis, commander of the famous Orphan Brigade, established, at the outbreak of the Civil War, a recruitment and training camp here in Cave City. Here he formed the Confederate 6th Kentucky Infantry Regiment, for which he received a . . . — Map (db m96728) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Cave City — 4a — Morgan's Cave City Raid
On May 11, 1862 Col. John Hunt Morgan and his advance guard seized the Cave City depot and captured the next train that stopped. Morgan's entire command arrived shortly thereafter. Morgan's troops proceeded to destroy the train; four passenger . . . — Map (db m322) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 623rd Field Artillery Battalion
Reorganized from the 106th A.A. Automatic Weapons Bn. and redesignated as the 623rd F.A. Battalion. Federally recognized January 29, 1947 with headquarters at Glasgow. Re-entered Federal service January 23, 1951 at Glasgow. The only unit of the . . . — Map (db m88128) HM WM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — Attack on Fort Williams
October 6, 1863 One October 6, 1863 Confederate Col. John M. Hughes, commanding 129 men of the 25th Tennessee Infantry, attacked Fort Wiliams. The 37th Kentucky Mounted Infantry, some 420 men under the command of Maj. Samuel Martin, . . . — Map (db m72652) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — Barren County Korean Conflict Memorial
Korea      This conflict came within less than five years after World War II. A war fought by a few veterans and many men and women still in their teens. We were oftentimes poorly armed. Fought against a force far superior in numbers. Yet . . . — Map (db m88011) WM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — Barren County Purple Heart Memorial
This memorial commemorates the sacrifice of those Barren Countians who received the Purple Heart for injury or death as the result of enemy action. They bled and died that we the protected might live in freedom. May we ever be mindful of their . . . — Map (db m88121) WM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — Barren County Viet Nam Memorial
Viet Nam This memorial has been placed here as a reminder of the heroism and self-sacrifice of those Barren Countians who answered their country’s call during the Viet Nam Conflict. They did their duty in a trying and difficult time. . . . — Map (db m88010) WM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — Barren County World War I Monument
This monument has been erected to the lasting memory of those men and women of Barren County who answered the call of their country in the Great War 1917-1918 Dedicated Nov. 11, 1988 — Map (db m88124) WM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — Barren County World War II Monument
This monument is forever dedicated to those brave men and women who answered the call of the colors during W.W.II 1939–1946 — Map (db m88126) WM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 1255 — Barren County, 1798
Taken from parts of Green and Warren counties. Glasgow, county seat, was founded in 1799. County received name from the “barrens” or prairies of this region.      Early explorers and settlers came through this area. In Civil War, first . . . — Map (db m88132) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — Barren County's Medal of Honor Winners
In Commemoration of Barren County’s Two Congressional Medal of Honor Winners First Sergeant William Logan Day Co. E, 5th United States Cavalry For gallant conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches during 1872-73. . . . — Map (db m88130) HM WM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — Billy Vaughn
(Front Side) Native son of Glasgow. Internationally acclaimed musical genius, instrumentalist, recording artist, composer, arranger and conductor Received eleven gold and two platinum records (Back Side) . . . — Map (db m88123) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 544 — Christmas Mishap
On Dec. 24, 1862, main body of Morgan's Raiders made camp south of here. Capt. Quirk and scouts entered town although USA troops patrolled area. CSA scouts wished to celebrate Christmas Eve, and dismounted at tavern. A patrol of 2nd Mich. Cavalry, . . . — Map (db m73020) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 1133 — Confederate Congressional Medal of Honour / Barren County CSA Medalists
(side 1) Confederate Congressional Medal of Honour The President (CSA), in 1862, was authorized to confer a Medal of Honour upon one enlisted man of each company for “every signal victory.” At first dress-parade, . . . — Map (db m73018) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — Defending Glasgow
Fort Williams Fort Williams was ordered constructed in Glasgow in the spring of 1863. It was during the spring and summer of 1863 that the Union army began to build defensive works at strategic points in Kentucky to defend . . . — Map (db m88139) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 2425 — First Farmers Rural Electric Co-Op Substation
On Jan. 12, 1939, the Goodnight substation was energized. The circuit powered 107 homes along 51 miles of power line in Barren Co. This substation was the first in Farmers RECC service territory. Electricity improved rural life, increased . . . — Map (db m96997) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 1951 — First Presbyterian Church
Congregation formed ca. 1802, when Isaac Robertson, a member, donated lot for log structure erected here. Rev. John Howe was first minister. Present Gothic Revival sanctuary built ca. 1853. Church’s style of architecture features Tudor-arched window . . . — Map (db m88133) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 1290 — Fort Williams
Site of Civil War fort built in spring of 1863. Attacked Oct. 6 by Confederate Col. John M. Hughs and his 25th Tenn. Infantry. US troops under Maj. Samuel Martin surprised. Over 200 horses captured, part of fort burned, and 142 men taken prisoner, . . . — Map (db m39405) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — Fort Williams1863 – 1865
On 6 October, 1863, Confederate forces raided Fort Williams. Union losses were 9 KIA, 26 WIA and 226 POW. Confederate losses were 1 KIA and 4 WIA. — Map (db m88142) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — General Joseph H. Lewis
General Joseph H. Lewis, commander of the famous Orphan Brigade, is buried just down the hill from Fort Williams. The Orphan Brigade was composed of the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 6th and 9th Kentucky Infantry regiments along with two batteries of . . . — Map (db m72389) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — Glasgow Municipal Cemetery
The Glasgow Municipal Cemetery is situated on what was originally farmland on the outskirts of town, owned by the Depp and Lynn families. This cemetery is Glagow's third public burying ground. Glasgow's first graveyard was located behind the First . . . — Map (db m71563) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — Headquarters Troop, 123rd CavalryKentucky National Guard
Federalized Jan. 6, 1941 as Battery B, 106th A.A. BN. Sailed for Europe April 30, 1942. Fought in 8 campaigns–Algeria-French Morocco, Tunisia, Sicily, Naples-Foggia, Rome-Arno, Southern France, Rhineland and Central Europe. Captain . . . — Map (db m88119) HM WM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 1718 — Home of Arthur Krock / Historic Home
(Side One) Home of Arthur Krock Called dean of Washington newsmen, Glasgow’s native son (1886-1974) grew up here with his grandparents, Emmanuel and Henrietta Morris. He began his career in journalism with the Louisville . . . — Map (db m87980) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 609 — Home of Gov. Leslie
Preston H. Leslie, born Ky., 1819. Died Montana, 1907. Completed term of Gov. John Stevenson from Feb. to Sept., 1871, when elected 27th Governor of Kentucky. Known for his sound judgment of State affairs and meeting the needs of growing population . . . — Map (db m87981) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 635 — Long Hunters' Camp
Henry Skaggs and two companions trapping beaver, winter 1770-71, were probably first white men in this area. Named Long Hunters due to long period away from home in the East. Came through Cumberland Gap, 1769, in party led by James Knox. Skaggs’ . . . — Map (db m87978) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 2019 — Luska Joseph Twyman(1913-1988)
Front Born in Hiseville (Barren Co.). Graduate of Kentucky State Univ.; later member of Board of Regents. Also studied at Indiana Univ. and Peabody Coll. As principal of Ralph J. Bunche School, Twyman led its merger with Glasgow High School . . . — Map (db m82469) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — Morgan in GlasgowChristmas Raid — December 24, 1862
As Morgan’s command was marching out of Alexandria, Tennessee en route to Muldraugh Hill, a battalion of the 2nd Michigan Cavalry was ordered from Gallatin, Tennessee to Munfordville. The two forces met at Glasgow, Kentucky on Christmas Eve, 1862. . . . — Map (db m88035) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 2397 — Nettie B.C. Depp(1874 - 1932)
(Front Side) The first female public official in Barren Co., she was elected in 1913, seven years before women were allowed to vote. She was Barren Co. schools superintendent from 1914-1917. Instrumental in unifying local schools to . . . — Map (db m88116) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — Our Confederate Dead
C.S.A. Our Confederate Dead 1861—1865 — Map (db m88127) WM
Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 2398 — Willa Brown Chappell(1906 - 1992)
(Front Side) This Glasgow native was the first African American woman to earn a pilot’s license in the U.S., 1937. That year, she also earned masters degree from Northwestern Univ. She was first African American officer in Civil Air . . . — Map (db m88118) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Horse Cave — 698 — Bear Wallow
On CSA invasion of Kentucky, resulting in battle of Perryville, Gen. Leonidas Polk’s wing moved thru here, Sept. 16, 1862, to attack USA troops at Munfordville. Two of Kentucky raids by CSA Gen. John Hunt Morgan’s cavalry routed thru here, . . . — Map (db m79208) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Park City — 1039 — Bell's Tavern
Erected by Wm. Bell, 1830. Stage stop for his lines that brought visitors to Mammoth Cave when first promoted. Famed in U.S. and Europe for elite patrons, cuisine and magic peach and honey brandy for “Joy before the journey’s end”, until . . . — Map (db m96715) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Park City — 2259 — Diamond Caverns
On July 14, 1859, a slave was lowered into a pit discovered on the farm of Jesse Coats. He saw glistening calcite crystals that he thought were diamonds. The first public tour was made by a wedding party on August 19, 1859. Guidebooks were written . . . — Map (db m96712) HM
Kentucky (Barren County), Park City — Diamond Caverns
A trip on the Mammoth Cave Railroad wasn’t comfortable, and it wasn’t posh. It was a means to an end, a destination most of its passengers anticipated with a mixture of excitement and foreboding — the caves. They came by the . . . — Map (db m96714) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Bethel — 1542 — Joe Creason
Longview Cemetery, Bethel, is grave site of one of the most noted and best-loved Kentucky journalists. Born 1918 in Benton, he gained renown from his column, "Joe Creason's Kentucky," in the Louisville Courier-Journal. His popular book by same name . . . — Map (db m110166) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Midland — 1226 — Caney Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Caney Furnace Stood five miles south. This stone stack, built 1837-38 by Harrison Connor and Joshua Ewing, Sr., was among first iron furnaces west of the Alleghenies to be equipped with a hot-blast oven, a device to preheat the air blown . . . — Map (db m110123) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Owingsville — 940 — Bath County
Formed from Montgomery County, 1811. Named for its many mineral springs. The birthplace of CSA Gen. John B. Hood and US Senator Richard H. Menefee. Owingsville named for Col. Thomas D. Owings. Organizer US 28th Inf. Reg., 1812. Associate in . . . — Map (db m26286) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Owingsville — 993 — Bourbon Iron Works / Iron Made in Kentucky
Bourbon Iron Works Jacob Myers from Richmond, Va. took up land grants here on Slate Creek, 1782. He built the first iron blast furnace in Ky., 1791. John Cockey Owings and Co. formed to operate furnace. Utensils and tools supplied settlers. . . . — Map (db m110121) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Owingsville — 1528 — Capt. John “Jack” Jouett, Jr.
This famous Revolutionary War hero, who rode 40 mi. to warn Jefferson, Patrick Henry and other legislators of British approach, June 3, 1781, is buried in Bath Co. Jack Jouett of Va. galloped all night from Cuckoo Tavern to Monticello to . . . — Map (db m26285) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Owingsville — 592 — Courthouse Burned
Twenty-two Kentucky courthouses were burned during the Civil War, nineteen in last fifteen months: twelve by Confederates, eight by guerillas, two by Union accident. See map on reverse side. March 21, 1864, Union troops fled courthouse here as . . . — Map (db m79185) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Owingsville — 862 — Gen. Hood Birthplace
John Bell Hood, 1831-79, graduate of West Point, 1853. Eight years Indian campaigns. Resigned, 1861, and joined CSA as colonel, heading Texas Brigade. Gained distinction at Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, 1862, and at Gettysburg, Chickamauga, 1863. . . . — Map (db m110149) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Owingsville — 1193 — Owings House / Thomas Dye Owings
Owings House Built 1811-14 for Colonel Thomas Dye Owings by Benjamin Latrobe, who redesigned the interior of the US Capitol after the British burned it, War of 1812. This house was a center of social life during early 1800's. Henry Clay, . . . — Map (db m110150) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Salt Lick — 1050 — Clear Creek Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Clear Creek Furnace Built in 1839, 5 miles south, by W. A. Lane and W. S. Allen. Stone stack originally 40 ft. high and 10 1/2 ft. across inside, burning charcoal. Air blast powered by steam. Its iron was used mainly for railway car wheels. . . . — Map (db m110122) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Salt Lick — Unwind with UsCave Run Lake Country
Nestled in the foothills of the Allegheny Mountains, Bath County, Kentucky, embraces history while anticipating the future. Formed in 1811, Bath County has many historic homes, churches, iron furnaces and cemeteries dotting the countryside. In fact, . . . — Map (db m110148) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Sharpsburg — 2509 — Henry Tureman Allen
Side 1 Born in Sharpsburg on April 13, 1859, Allen attended Peeks Mill Military Academy and Georgetown College before graduating from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1882. He was sent to the western frontier, where he led . . . — Map (db m110168) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — "This American Gibraltar"
"Cumberland Gap is the strongest position I have ever seen except Gibraltar." These were Union General George W. Morgan's words after viewing the fortification around the Gap. On June 19, 1862, he wrote to Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, "The . . . — Map (db m35770) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — 129 — Colonel Arthur Campbell
Grave of Colonel Arthur Campbell (1743-1811). Statesman, revolutionary soldier, justice, legislator, county lieutenant. Sons, James and John killed in War of 1812. — Map (db m57938) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — Defense of the Gap
During the Civil War this earthwork - called Fort Rains by the Confederates and Fort McCook by the Federals - was one of many fortifications ringing Cumberland Gap. These defenses were considered too formidable to be taken by direct assault, which . . . — Map (db m35733) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — Dirt-and-Log FortsCumberland Gap National Historical Park
Where you see a picnic ground today, imagine a seven-sided structure made of earth and wooden walls, approximately 40 feet by 70 feet. The outer walls of this Civil War fort were approximately five feet high with an earth-covered powder magazine . . . — Map (db m88656) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — Gateway to Kaintuck
For travelers who had to walk, the Appalachian mountains seemed like an impenetrable wall, 600 miles long and 150 miles wide. Here at Cumberland Gap you could find both a good way in and a good way out of that rugged labyrinth of ridges, coves, . . . — Map (db m35880) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — Invasion through the Gap
For the North, Cumberland Gap was a natural invasion route into the South - providing access to vulnerable railroads and valuable minerals and salt works in East Tennessee and southwest Virginia. For the South, the Gap was a gateway for an . . . — Map (db m35703) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — 2217 — Lewis and Clark in Kentucky Cumberland GapCumberland Gap
Side A: Meriwether Lewis, coleader of the Lewis & Clark Expedition, with a party of Expedition veterans and a Mandan Indian delegation, went through Cumberland Gap in Nov. 1806 en route to Washington to report on the expedition. (Over) . . . — Map (db m33299) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — 2225 — Middlesboro Meteorite Crater Impact Site
Side A: Designated by the Kentucky Society of Professional Geologists as a Distinguished Geological Site. Middlesboro is one of only a few cities on the North American Continent located in the basin of a meteorite impact structure. . . . — Map (db m33296) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — 832 — Middlesborough
English colony founded in 1886 by Alexander Arthur. Project financed by English company, the American Association, because of timber and rich mineral deposits here. Almost 100,000 mountainous acres in Va., Tenn., and Ky. purchased for the . . . — Map (db m33297) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — 521 — Morgan's Retreat
During the Civil War, Cumberland Gap was held alternately by Union and CSA armies. USA forces under Gen. George W. Morgan occupied it June 18 to Sept. 17, 1862. Cut off from supplies and surrounded, Morgan with 9,000 men retreated successfully to . . . — Map (db m50230) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — 1227 — Mountain Vision
Alexander Arthur, 1846-1912, an outstanding figure in history of Middlesboro. He came here in 1885 to prospect, discovering coal and iron ore deposits. President of American Association, formed to carry out his plans for a mining and manufacturing . . . — Map (db m33298) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — Pinnacle Overlook
We started just as the sun began to gild the tops of the high mountains. We ascended Cumberland Mountain, from the top of which the bright luminary of the day appeared to our view in all his rising glory; the mists dispersed and the floating . . . — Map (db m35906) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — The Emigrant's Dream
Cumberland Gap, the break in the ridgeline you see ahead, is far more than just a pass through a long, rugged mountain barrier. For a generation of American pioneers this was the gateway from their old lives and limitations out to a frontier . . . — Map (db m35899) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — Two-Way Traffic
Two hundred years ago, pioneers poured through Cumberland Gap on their way west to a better life. But not all the traffic on the Wilderness Road was westbound. By the 1820s, drovers pushed huge herds of hogs and smaller herds of cattle and sheep . . . — Map (db m35898) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — Waiting for the Battle that Never Came
A natural thoroughfare through the Appalachian Mountain barrier, Cumberland Gap assumed great strategic importance in the Civil War. Both sides sought to control the Gap. It changed hands three times, but no battles were fought. Troops garrisoned . . . — Map (db m35745) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Pineville — 1426 — Cumberland Ford
One of the most important points on the Wilderness Road marked by Daniel Boone in 1775. Ford first used by Indians, then by early explorers and the Long Hunters. After Boone opened the way west, more than 100,000 settlers used the crossing as a . . . — Map (db m35831) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Pineville — 198 — Joshua Fry Bell
Bell County formed from Harlan and Knox Counties, 1867. Named for Joshua Fry Bell, 1811-70, Congressman, Ky. Sec. of State, Comr. to peace conference in 1861 and State Legislator. He was g. grandson of Dr. Thomas Walker, explorer of Ky. wilderness, . . . — Map (db m35871) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Pineville — Mountain Gateway
Bell County, named for Joshua Fry Bell (1811-1870), was formed just after the Civil War in February of 1867 from portions of Harlan and Knox Counties. Pineville, the county seat, being so near the site where pioneers on the Wilderness Road crossed . . . — Map (db m35875) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Pineville — 1272 — Wallsend Mine
The first to begin operations in Bell County, starting in 1889, with 1500 acres of coal land. Extension of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad to this area in 1888 marked the beginning of a new industrial era. This mine was not a financial success . . . — Map (db m35854) HM
Kentucky (Boone County), Burlington — Passage To Freedom From SlaveryMemorial to the Undergrond Railroad in Boone County, Kentucky — Another Marker in Rabbit Hash
In memory of all the slaves in Boone County, those who helped them, and the slaves’ descendants who remember & honor them and their legacy. Dedicated 21 March, 2005 by the Problem Solving Team, a diverse group of students, grades five . . . — Map (db m79290) HM
Kentucky (Boone County), Burlington — Rabbit Hash
Side A Rabbit Hash Kentucky circa 1813 Ohio River Mile 506.1 below Pittsburg one of only a few remaining early 19th century towns along the 981- mile course of the Ohio River. The Rabbit Hash National Registry encompasses 33 acres . . . — Map (db m79231) HM
Kentucky (Boone County), Burlington — 2420 — The Dinsmore HomesteadClassic “Old Kentucky Home”
Side A James and Martha Macomb Dinsmore moved from La. to raise their three daughters here. Completed in1842, the main house served as the center of a typical large, antebellum Boone Co. farm. tenants and slaves raised grains, grapes, . . . — Map (db m79304) HM
Kentucky (Boone County), Florence — 1253 — Boone County, 1798
Formed by legislative act from a part of Campbell County. Names for Daniel Boone, renowned Kentucky pioneer-explorer. Big Boone Lick, graveyard of the mammoth, was discovered in 1729 by Capt. M. de Longueil. In 1756, Mary Inglis was brought . . . — Map (db m61867) HM
Kentucky (Boone County), Petersburg — 999 — Tanner’s Station 1789Frontier Outpost — First Settlement in Boone County
Tanner’s Station 1789 First settlement in Boone County. Rev. John Tanner built blockhouse, and town began on 2000 acres he and John Taylor owned. Shawnees captured Tanner’s 9-year-old son here, held him until grown. An ardent Baptist, Tanner . . . — Map (db m79310) HM
Kentucky (Boone County), Union — 32 — Big Bone Lick
Discovered in 1739, by the French Capt. Charles Lemoyne de Longueil this famous saline- sulphur spring was frequented for thousands of years byIndians and vast herds of buffalo, deer and other animals. The first English explorers found . . . — Map (db m79060) HM
Kentucky (Boone County), Union — 2124 — Big Bone Lick — Marker #2 - Marker at the Museum - with Lewis and Clark marker
Scientists consider William Clark’s dig at Big Bone Lick in 1807 as establishing American vertebrate paleontology. Bones found here by Clark included mastodon and mammoth. Prehistoric native American artifacts found were given to Dr. Wm. . . . — Map (db m79062) HM
Kentucky (Boone County), Union — Big Bone Methodist Church — Historic Feature in Boone County, Kentucky
Big Bone Methodist Church Big Bone Methodist Church was constructed in 1888 The original congregation, which was organized in 1887 and led by Reverend George Froh, helped in the construction. As was the custom, a social order lodge shared the . . . — Map (db m79030) HM
Kentucky (Boone County), Union — 2124 — Lewis and Clark in KentuckyBig Bone Lick
In Oct. 1803, while traveling down Ohio River to meet Wm. Clark for expedition to Pacific, Meriwether Lewis visited Big Bone Lick. He was to gather fossilized bones for Pres. Thomas Jefferson. In Sept. 1807, Clark supervised a 3-week dig for . . . — Map (db m79088) HM
Kentucky (Boone County), Union — Mary Draper Ingles — Marker #2 - Another Marker in Big Bone Lick State Park
In celebration & commemoration of the 250th anniversary of the daring escape of Mary Draper Ingles from her Shawnee captors here at Big Bone Lick, Kentucky in the fall of 1755 Her direct descendants met here for a family reunion to . . . — Map (db m79073) HM
Kentucky (Boone County), Union — 859 — Mary Ingles — (Marker #1) Another Marker at Big Bone Lick State Park
Reputed first white woman in Ky. Shawnees captured her and two sons in July 1755 at site Roanoke, Va. Led to village at mouth of Scioto River, separated from sons, taken to Big Bone Lick. compelled to make salt here; adopted by chief; given . . . — Map (db m79071) HM
Kentucky (Boone County), Union — 1646 — Piatt’s Landing / General E.R.S. Canby
Side A Piatt's Landing Near here on the north bank of the Ohio River at mile 510.5 was a riverboat landing, ferry, and road to the courthouse at Burlington. The landing and large brick home that once stood near, later called Winnfield . . . — Map (db m79142) HM
Kentucky (Bourbon County), Millersburg — 2147 — Mae Street Kidd1904-99
(side 1) Born in Millersburg, Kidd devoted much of her life to civil rights causes. Served as representative in Ky. state legislature, 1968-85, earning her nickname, “Lady of the House.”Kidd led Ky.'s ratification . . . — Map (db m123690) HM
Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — Bourbon County World War I Monument
This building is dedicated to the men of Bourbon County who served their country during the World War. 1917 – 1918 Sacred to the memory of those who died for Liberty, Justice and Peace. Charles Adair * Joseph H. Holt * . . . — Map (db m123689) WM
Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 1246 — Bourbon County, 1786
Named for the royal French family who aided the colonies in the War of Independence. Bourbon was one of nine Virginia counties formed before Kentucky became a state in 1792. From its original area all of twenty-four counties and parts of ten other . . . — Map (db m43621) HM
Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 2295 — Bourbon Whiskey / Jacob Spears
Bourbon Whiskey Named after Bourbon Co. because of quantity and quality of whiskey produced within its borders. Made from a fermented mash of at least 51% corn, with less wheat, rye, or barley, yeast and limestone water. Distilled at no more . . . — Map (db m35597) HM
Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 51 — Cane Ridge Meeting House
Built by Presbyterians, 1791. Here Barton W. Stone began his ministry, 1796. Famous revival attended by pioneers of many faiths, 1801. Springfield Presbytery dissolved and "Christian Church" launched, June 28, 1804. — Map (db m9724) HM
Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 696 — CSA at Paris, 1862
(obverse) July 18, on its first Ky. raid Gen. John Hunt Morgan's cavalry rode to Paris from victory at Cynthiana. After holding out for days citizen groups surrendered. Warned of Union force nearby, CSA escaped pursuit, returned to Tenn. . . . — Map (db m97145) HM
Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 93 — Duncan Tavern
Built in 1788. Gathering place of pioneers. Shrine, Museum, Library. Restored by Kentucky Daughters of the American Revolution. — Map (db m43624) HM
Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 1824 — Eades Tavern
This log building lined with adz-hewn cherry was built as a tavern. In 1795 it became first post office in Paris. Thomas Eades then served as tavern owner and postmaster. Robert Trimble had home and law office here before becoming U.S. Supreme Court . . . — Map (db m43626) HM
Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 1722 — John Edwards 1748-1837 / Westwood
John Edwards 1748-1837 As early legislator, Edwards was member of the Virginia House of Delegates in 1781-83, 1785, 1786. He was a delegate to the convention to ratify Federal Constitution, June 1788, and to conventions that separated . . . — Map (db m43623) HM
Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 1283 — Johnston's Inn
Robert Johnston, a Revolutionary War captain, was born in Virginia in 1749. He and his wife operated a tavern in their house here from 1796-1812. Located on what was the main road between Maysville and Lexington, this inn served stage and horseback . . . — Map (db m67703) HM
Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 1596 — Silas Baptist Church1 mile west
Organized by 20 members of the Cooper's Run Church in 1800, with the help of Ambrose Dudley, George Eve and Augustine Eastin. They built at this site on land given, 1798, by Charles Smith, Sr. The log structure was replaced by a brick house of . . . — Map (db m35860) HM
Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 178 — William Holmes McGuffey
Born September 23, 1800-Died May 4, 1873 Famous for his eclectic readers which introduced thousands of children to the treasures of literature. At this site he taught from 1823 to 1826 before joining the faculty of Miami University. — Map (db m50653) HM
Kentucky (Boyd County), Ashland — 1211 — Ashland
Settled by 1799 by members of the Poage family of Virginia. Known as Poage's Landing until named in 1854 for Henry Clay's Lexington estate, by the owners, Ky. Iron, Coal and Manufacturing Company. It engaged M. T. Hilton to lay out a town, then . . . — Map (db m59244) HM
Kentucky (Boyd County), Ashland — 1416 — Presbyterian Church
Organized June 11, 1819, at home of Maj. Jas. Poage, north of this spot, as Bethesda Presbyterian Church by Rev. Robert Wilson with 20 members. First a mile SW on Pollard Rd.; moved 1828 to Beech Grove, ½ mile W. and in 1858 to this corner . . . — Map (db m59242) HM
Kentucky (Boyd County), Ashland — 2125 — Putnam Stadium
This stadium served the Ashland Public Schools. Built in 1937 for $6,500 as a WPA project, it was dedicated on Thanksgiving Day that same year. The Ashland High School Tomcats record of success includes 11 state championships. In 1944, the Tomcats . . . — Map (db m73802) HM
Kentucky (Boyd County), Ashland — War Memorial
In grateful tribute to the men and women who died in the Armed Forces of our country — Map (db m59243) WM
Kentucky (Boyd County), Catlettsburg — 643 — Civil War Army Base
USA post located here to protect Ohio River traffic. Became supply base and communications center for Union forces in the Big Sandy region. In winter 1861-62 troops under Col. J.A. Garfield, later 20th President U.S., drove CSA from area by victory . . . — Map (db m73765) HM
Kentucky (Boyd County), Catlettsburg — Country Music HighwaySmall Town Big Fun
Boyd County was created in 1860 from parts of Greenup, Carter, and Lawrence and lies at a point where Ohio, West Virginia and Kentucky meet. Linked to Ohio by two bridges over the Ohio River and with two more to West Virginia (across the Big Sandy . . . — Map (db m73756) HM
Kentucky (Boyd County), Catlettsburg — 772 — County Named, 1860
For Linn Boyd. Born Tenn., 1800. Came to West Ky. in youth. Ky. Legislature, 1827-31. Congress, 1835-37, 1839-55, and Speaker 1851-55. Author of Resolution to annex Texas. The Ky. delegation proposed Boyd for Vice President at Democratic Convention, . . . — Map (db m73754) HM
Kentucky (Boyd County), Catlettsburg — Judge John M. Elliott
To the memory of Judge John M. Elliott, distinguished statesman and jurist. Assassinated while in the discharge of his official duties as Judge of the Court of Appeals of Kentucky. This monument respectively dedicated by his widow. — Map (db m73757) HM
Kentucky (Boyd County), Summit — Boyd County War Memorial
. . . — Map (db m63495) WM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 1091 — "Uncle" Charlie Moran
Colorful college football coach and National Baseball League umpire. Coached Praying Colonels of Centre College into national football spotlight, 1916-23. See other side. First coached, 1898-99, at Bethel College, Russellville, Ky. Then held four . . . — Map (db m121575) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 1958 — African American Business District - Doric Lodge No. 18 (F. & A.M.-P.H.A.)
In this block a thriving African American business district stood for over 100 years. Restaurants, barber and beauty shops, medical and dental offices, and retail shops drew patrons from Boyle and nearby counties. Until razed by urban renewal in . . . — Map (db m49741) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — Alban Gilpin Smith Goldsmith1795 - 1876
Native of Delaware. Trained in medicine and surgery under E. McDowell, lived in this house 1825-30. He performed the 3rd ovariotomy in the U.S. (1823), was the first to perform laminectomy (1829), and was an innovative contributor to urologic . . . — Map (db m121537) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — American Revolution Memorial
To honor and commemorate the men who fought in the American Revolution and sleep in Boyle County Kentucky.

John Spears • Michael Harmon • Hugh Shiell • John Pipes • John Gray • William Warren • Samuel McDowell • Thomas . . . — Map (db m121869) WM

Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — Boyle County Veterans Memorial
Dedicated to those men and women of this community who served our country in times of peace and war and especially to those who gave their lives in that service.

World War I Ball, Basil • Jesse, Frank H. • Bramer, George S. • . . . — Map (db m121870) WM

Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — Brick Schoolhouse
This one-story brick building, originally only two rooms, was the first brick schoolhouse in Danville. The schoolhouse, circa 1820, was renovated in 1975. — Map (db m121729) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 1328 — Capt. George Givens
Homesite and grave 1 mile west. B., Orange Co., Va., 1740. D., 1825. 40 years service to his country. Lt. at Fort Pitt, Dunmore's War, 1774. Captain, Botetourt County militia, 1776. Northwest Campaign of George Rogers Clark, 1778. Came to Ky., 1781. . . . — Map (db m120112) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 923 — Centre College
Founded on this campus in 1819 by pioneer Kentuckians who held that heart and mind must be trained together, and dedicated to the inculcation of ideals of culture and character in the hearts of American youth. Veritas Lux Mentis. — Map (db m121562) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 1140 — Clark's Station
Early pioneer settlement erected before 1779. Developed by George Clark, brother-in-law of William Whitley, whose party came to Ky. about 1775. Located on Clark's Run Creek, named for George Clark, it was one of the first stations built in the . . . — Map (db m105411) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 1218 — County Named, 1842
For Judge John Boyle, 1774-1834. State representative, 1800; U.S. Congress, 1803-9; Kentucky Court of Appeals, Chief Justice, 1810-26; U.S. District Judge for Kentucky, 1826-34. The Judge "lived for his country," setting many important legal . . . — Map (db m121555) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — Courthouse
The original log courthouse, which was built on this site in 1784-1785, housed the Supreme Court of Kentucky and the Constitutional Conventions which led to Kentucky's statehood on June 1, 1792. This replica was erected in 1942. — Map (db m121535) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 756 — Courthouse a Hospital
Boyle County's first courthouse erected here, 1842, destroyed by great fire of 1860. This building completed 1862. First occupied by Union forces as hospital after battle of Perryville, October 8, 1862. On 11th a Union force drove CSA from . . . — Map (db m121556) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — Dr. Ephraim McDowell House
McDowell House And Apothecary Shop The pioneering spirit of Dr. Ephraim McDowell-father of abdominal surgery and most prominent surgeon west of the Alleghenies in the early 19th century-is celebrated today at McDowell House. On Christmas . . . — Map (db m71041) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 2281 — Dr. Ephraim McDowell, 1771-1830/McDowell-Crawford Surgery
Burial site of Ephraim McDowell, the “father of modern surgery.” His family moved here from Va. in 1784. He studied medicine in Va. and Scotland before practicing in Danville. In 1802, he married Sarah Shelby, dau. of Ky.’s first gov. . . . — Map (db m50814) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 2284 — Ephraim McDowell House
Obverse Home of Ephraim McDowell, the “father of modern surgery.” Here on December 25, 1809, McDowell performed the first successful abdominal operation when he took a 22-pound ovarian cyst from Jane Todd Crawford of Green . . . — Map (db m71047) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 1279 — First Crop / Hemp in Kentucky
Kentucky's first recorded hemp crop, 1775, was on Clark's Run Creek, near Danville. Grown by Archibald McNeill, who brought the first seed with him when he located here. Hemp production spread slowly throughout the area, but Boyle County later . . . — Map (db m121560) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — First Post Office
This building is the original First Post Office west of the Allegheny Mountains. General Thomas Barbee commissioned first Post Master, August 20, 1792. Logs moved from Walnut Street to Constitution Square. Dedicated to the State of Kentucky by the . . . — Map (db m121725) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 2388 — First USCT Recruits at Camp Nelson
May 23, 1864, nearly 250 black men, most of them slaves, left Boyle Co. to march to Camp Nelson in Jessamine Co. to enlist in the Union army. On the way, some Danville citizens threw stones and shot pistols at the recruits. When they reached . . . — Map (db m70996) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — Fisher’s Row
Fisher’s Row, circa 1816-1817, was built by Jeremiah Fisher as the first rental property in Danville. Fisher’s row consists of two, two-story houses with a common wall. The brick is laid in the Flemish Bond Pattern. — Map (db m121727) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 1909 — Fisher's Garrison
Stephen Albert Fisher, Rev. War soldier from Va., assigned in 1775 to active duty and wounded while serving with Colonel John Bowman's militia. Returned to Ky. in 1779 with wife Mary Magdalene Garr. He established garrison of military significance . . . — Map (db m70981) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — Grayson’s Tavern
Grayson’s Tavern, circa 1785, was owned and operated by Benjamin Grayson as the first tavern in Danville. The political club of Danville, formed in 1786, met here frequently to discuss issues which formed the framework of the Kentucky Constitution. — Map (db m121730) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 755 — Grayson's Tavern
Danville's first tavern, operated in this building before 1800 by Benjamin Grayson. Often within these walls the burning political issues of the day were discussed. The Danville Political Society, organized in 1786 and the first of its kind in the . . . — Map (db m49742) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — Isaac Shelby1750-1826
First governor of Kentucky 1792-1796

Fifth governor of Kentucky 1812-1816

One of Shelby’s first acts as Governor was to call for and help design the Great Seal of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. The figures of a pioneer and statesman in . . . — Map (db m121734) HM

Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 2005 — Jacobs Hall / John A. Jacobs, Sr. (1806-69)
Kentucky School for the Deaf first opened 1823 in Danville, at 4th and Main Sts. In 1826, it moved to this campus. Jacobs Hall is oldest surviving building, constructed 1855-57, of Italianate design by architect Thomas Lewinski. Its interior is . . . — Map (db m121561) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — Jail
In 1785, the District of Kentucky ordered the construction of a jail, “to be constructed of 9-inch logs”. This replica of the jail was built in 1942. — Map (db m121731) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — John Gill Weisiger Memorial Park
Obverse John Gill Weisiger Memorial Park The land embraced within this park, bounded by Main Street, First Street, Walnut Street and alleyway, was conveyed to the commonwealth of Kentucky as a gift by Miss Emma Weisiger, and . . . — Map (db m71338) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 1606 — John Marshall Harlan / Kentucky's "Great Dissenter"(1833-1911)
Born in Boyle Co. and a graduate of Centre College, 1850, Harlan practiced law in central Ky. after 1853. Although against Lincoln and abolition in 1860, he was a strong Unionist during Civil War; recruited 10th Ky. Infantry. Elected Attorney . . . — Map (db m121559) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 2244 — John Todd Stuart, 1807-1885
Abraham Lincoln’s friend and 1st law partner was born on Nov. 10, 1807, in Fayette Co. The son of a Presbyterian minister & Mary Todd Lincoln’s aunt, Stuart graduated from Centre College in 1826. Two years later he became a lawyer in Springfield, . . . — Map (db m49746) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 2186 — John William Bate(1855~1945)
Side 1 Original site of Bate High School, built 1912 and named in honor of its founder, John William Bate. Born a slave in Louisville, Bate received an AB from Berea College in 1881 and and AM in 1891. He moved to Danville to teach in 1881 . . . — Map (db m105414) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 2216 — Lewis and Clark in Kentucky - Danville
In December 1806, William Clark, coleader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition to the Pacific Ocean, visited his nephews in school in Danville. Clark was en route to Washington to report to President Jefferson and other government officials about the . . . — Map (db m49744) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — Meeting House
The original log meeting house, erected on this site in 1784 under the direction of reverend David Rice, housed the newly formed Concord Presbyterian Congregation, the first Presbyterians in Kentucky. This replica was erected in 1942. — Map (db m121733) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 1376 — Old Crow Inn / John Crow
Old Crow Inn The oldest existing stone house in Kentucky, built 1784, is part of this building. The house has been enlarged and Doric pillars added. Land purchased from John Crow by James Wright, 1781. Next owner, Colonel Joshua Barbee, who . . . — Map (db m105413) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 24 — Poet, Lawyer and Soldier / Theodore O'Hara
(side 1) Poet, Lawyer and Soldier Theodore O'Hara was born in this city, Feb. 11, 1820. He read law with Judge Wm. Owsley. Newspaper work included editing Frankfort Yeoman and Louisville Times. He served in Mexican War, . . . — Map (db m121558) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — Post Office
This original building built pre-1792, served as the first office west of the Alleghenies. On August 20, 1792, Thomas Barbee was commissioned postmaster. The first mail was received on November 3, 1792. The post office was moved here from its . . . — Map (db m121726) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 754, 130 — Presbyterian ChurchAmerican Presbyterian and Reformed Historical Site
One of three founded, 1784, by Reverend David Rice; earliest of this denomination west of Alleghenies. Here worshipped: James G. Birney, whose presidential candidacy in 1844 caused defeat of Henry Clay; John C. Breckinridge, whose 1860 candidacy . . . — Map (db m121839) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 197 — School for the Deaf
On this corner, in 1823, Kentucky founded the first state-supported school in the United States for the instruction of deaf children. Classes met in an old inn that was known as the Yellow House. Reverend and Mrs. John R. Kerr served as first . . . — Map (db m121541) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 2508 — Sinking Spring
Referred to by geologists as a “karst window”, sinking springs form when bedrock has collapsed to reveal groundwater moving through an aquifer. Water flows from the spring, creates a surface-flowing stream, and returns underground. This . . . — Map (db m121572) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 49 — Site of Log Courthouse
Kentucky District Court sessions held here March 14, 1785, until Court of Appeals set up in 1792. Created by Virginia statute on May 6, 1782, the court first met in Harrodsburg on March 3, 1783. Later meetings at Low Dutch Station and John Crow's . . . — Map (db m121534) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 1442 — Trinity Episcopal Church
One of the oldest church buildings in Danville. Erected in 1830 after Trinity parish founded in 1829. Rebuilt on the original walls following fire which swept central part of town, 1860. James Birney and Ephraim McDowell members of first vestry. In . . . — Map (db m121539) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 190 — Walker Daniel
Founded Danville, 1781. First Atty. Gen. of Ky. District, 1783. As a member of Commission went to Falls of Ohio to allot lands in Clark's grant to members of Ill. Regt. Daniel was killed by Indians, Aug. 1784, on way to visit brother at Bullitt's . . . — Map (db m49743) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — Watts-Bell House
The Watts-Bell House circa 1816-1817, was built by William Watts for leading Danville merchant David Bell. Joshua Fry Bell, grandson of David Bell, grew up in this house. He became a distinguished lawyer and statesman, serving as a member of the . . . — Map (db m121728) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Danville — 2386 — Willis Russell House / Craddock and Tardiveau
Willis Russell, a well-educated & emancipated slave of Rev. War captain Robert Craddock, relocated from Warren Co., Ky. to Danville around April 1838. He taught black children in this pre-1795 log home that he inherited when Capt. Craddock died in . . . — Map (db m121564) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Junction City — 2233 — Traveler's Rest
Isaac Shelby, 1st & 5th governor, came to Ky. as a surveyor in 1775. He claimed 1400 acres in 1776 by raising a crop of corn. In 1779 he received 1st land settlement & premption deed granted by Va. Land Commission. His home, Traveler's Rest, . . . — Map (db m120115) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Junction City — 95 — Traveler's Rest
. . . — Map (db m120116) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — “For God’s Sake, Save That Battery” The 38th Indiana at PerryvillePerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
The 436 members of the 38th Indiana Infantry Regiment deployed here, in a cut cornfield, next to the 10th Wisconsin Infantry. These men supported Captain Peter Simonson’s six cannon, which were located to your right. It was a crucial position; along . . . — Map (db m46482) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — “If You Meet the Enemy, Overpower Him”Perryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
About 4 PM on October 8, Colonel Samuel Powell was ordered to move his brigade westward and discover how many Federal troops were stationed west of Perryville. His 1,000-man force dutifully advanced along the Springfield Pike (today US 150 and 4th . . . — Map (db m46416) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 80th IndianaPerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
The inexperienced 80th Indiana Infantry Regiment was part of Union Colonel George Webster’s brigade. This unit included the 50th, 98th, and 121st Ohio infantry regiments and the 19th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery, commanded by Captain Samuel . . . — Map (db m88692) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 9-A — Act of MercyPerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
The Battle of Perryville was a fierce fight for the members of the 79th Pennsylvania Infantry. Fighting in these fields, this unit suffered 40 killed, 146 wounded, and 30 missing. This represents a loss of more than fifty percent of the . . . — Map (db m46476) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — Army of the OhioMajor General Don Carlos Buell
First Army Corps Major General Alexander McD McCook Tenth Division Brigadier General James S. Jackson Thirty-Third Brigade Brigadier General William R. Terrill 80th, 123rd Illinois and 105th Ohio Infantry Regiments and detachments . . . — Map (db m21467) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — Artillery Duel at Loomis HeightsPerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
Before the Confederate infantry attacked, the Southern army tried to weaken the Federal position by bombarding the Union lines with artillery fire. At noon, Captain William Carnes’ Confederate artillery battery took up position on one of the far . . . — Map (db m46487) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — Assault from the Bottom HousePerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
They were outnumbered, but they were ready. Watching from the top of the hill across the road, members of the 3rd Ohio Infantry Regiment saw waves of attacking Confederate infantry moving toward them. These Federal soldiers, anchoring the southern . . . — Map (db m46491) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — Assault on Parsons’ RidgePerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
Maney’s Confederates immediately discovered the lethal danger of attacking the eight Union cannon on top of the ridge in front of you. The Confederates sought cover behind a split-rail fence, but the Union artillery shattered the rails, killing and . . . — Map (db m46469) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — Baptism of FirePerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
The 500 soldiers of the 42nd Indiana were suffering from an intense thirst. Their canteens dry from a recent drought, the commanders allowed these troops to find pools of water in Doctor's Creek, located just in front of you. The men stacked . . . — Map (db m88475) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 58 — Battle of Perryville
October 8, 1862 Here 16,000 Confederates under General Braxton Bragg fought 22,000 Federals under General Don Carlos Buell. Bragg, facing superior forces, withdrew.Union casualties 4211; Confederate, 3396. — Map (db m5193) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 553 — Battle of PerryvilleOctober 8, 1862
(left panel) The battle was brought on by Confederate Lieut. Gen. Braxton Bragg as a delaying action to insure safe withdrawal of a huge wagon train of supplies and to enable him to effect a junction with the army of Maj. Gen. E. Kirby . . . — Map (db m46239) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 58 — Battle of PerryvilleOctober 8, 1862
Here 16,000 Confederates under General Braxton Bragg fought 22,000 Federals under General Don Carlos Buell. Bragg, facing superior forces, withdrew. Union casualties, 4211; Confederate, 3396. — Map (db m55026) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 58 — Battle of Perryville
October 8, 1862. Here 16,000 Confederates under General Braxton Bragg fought 22,000 Federals under General Don Carlos Buell. Bragg, facing superior forces, withdrew, Union casualties, 4211; Confederate, 3396. — Map (db m68552) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 192 — Bottom House
Owned by Squire H. P. Bottom, it was a key position in Battle of Perryville, Oct. 8, 1862. At the beginning of battle, held by USA troops. After a massed attack, Confederates took the house and held it. The battle over, Bottom identified and buried . . . — Map (db m21422) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — Bragg's Invasion of Kentucky
The Confederate Army’s advance into Kentucky in 1862 was initiated to relieve Tennessee of Union control, to align the help of dissatisfied Kentuckians and to gain access to the rich supplies Kentucky offered. General Kirby Smith entered . . . — Map (db m46404) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 20 — Cleburne's AdvancePerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
Forced back from the hills above Doctor's Creek, the Union soldiers retreated to this position. Their lines were in chaos - regiments intermingled, the wounded were left behind and some panicked troops raced for the rear. Most soldiers, however, . . . — Map (db m88483) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — Confederate CemeteryPerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
When the Battle of Perryville ended, hundreds of dead soldiers were left on the battlefield. The Confederates, who attacked the Union battle lines, lost 532 killed, 2,641 wounded, and 228 missing (3,401 total). Federal losses were just as . . . — Map (db m46421) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 193 — Crawford House
Used by Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg as headquarters during the Battle of Perryville, Oct. 8, 1862. Crawford Spring, back of the house, furnished vital water supply to CSA troops on the drought stricken battlefield. — Map (db m46248) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 965 — Crawford Springs
As Confederate and Union armies converged over to the west the day and night before great Battle of Perryville, Oct. 8, 1862, there was constant fighting for water. Almost unprecedented drought had made water so scarce that troops contended for . . . — Map (db m68319) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — Defense of Loomis’ HeightsPerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
In 1862, the ravine in front of you was planted in corn, the fields recently cut and harvested. Here, on this ridge, the Union soldiers established a strong defensive position. Two brigades and six cannon awaited the Confederate attack. With a . . . — Map (db m46485) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — Defense of Parsons’ RidgePerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
Union Brigadier General William Terrill was nearly panic-stricken. To his surprise, thousands of Confederates swarmed over the fields in front of you, moving toward the Federal lines. The shouts of attacking Southern troops and the crescendo of . . . — Map (db m46470) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — Defense of Parsons’ RidgePerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
As Maney’s Confederates reached the top of this hill they watched the fleeing Union soldiers retreat into the valley in front of you. The Southerners had lost hundreds of men killed and wounded during the fight to take this ridge, and their hearts . . . — Map (db m46471) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 24 — Dixville CrossroadsPerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
During the Battle of Perryville, the Dixville Crossroads, the intersection in front of you, was a crucial tactical point on the battlefield. Here, the Benton Road (now called Whites Road), which runs to Dixville in Mercer County, intersects the . . . — Map (db m46492) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — Donelson PersistsPerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
When Donelson’s shattered regiments reached this position, nearly half of his men had been killed and wounded. Despite the appalling casualties, the Confederate attack continued to the west. With Donelson’s 16th Tennessee Infantry Regiment . . . — Map (db m46480) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — Donelson's AdvancePerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
When Donelson’s brigade moved into this valley, they were met with a deadly surprise. The rolling terrain had prevented the Confederates from seeing all of the Union troop positions. When the Confederates reached this valley, they became trapped in . . . — Map (db m46481) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — Donelson's AttackPerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
Confederate Brigadier General Daniel Donelson had been given great responsibility. His brigade was to open the Confederate attack by assaulting the northern end of the Union defensive line. Once Donelson’s brigade moved forward, other Southern . . . — Map (db m46430) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — First Settlement of PerryvillePerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
The area around this cave was the site of Perryville’s original settlement, Harbison’s Station. Named for its founder, James Harbison, the station was settled in the 1770s. Harbison and the group of Virginians traveling with him chose this location . . . — Map (db m46419) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 23 — General Polk Behind Enemy LinesPerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
After capturing Union Captain Samuel Harris' artillery battery, located behind you, Confederate troops led by Brigadier General St. John r. Liddell moved to this area to support other advancing Southern units. Night was falling, and , as . . . — Map (db m88694) HM

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