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Pulaski County Kentucky Historical Markers

 
Burnside Marker image, Touch for more information
By Don Morfe, July 22, 2013
Burnside Marker
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Burnside — 980 — Burnside
First named Point Isabel. Settled about 1800 by pioneers from the Carolinas and Virginia. During the Civil War the Union army, in 1863, set up a troop rendezvous and supply base here as a prelude to East Tennessee campaign of Gen. Ambrose E. . . . — Map (db m67874) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Burnside — 1007 — First Boy Scout Troop
Before Boy Scouts of America was organized, 1910, a troop of 15 had been formed here, spring of 1908, by Mrs. Myra Greeno Bass. Using the official handbook of English scouting, she guided them hiking and camping, like scouting today. Known as Eagle . . . — Map (db m67875) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Burnside — 1807 — Harriette Simpson Arnow (1908-1986)
The author of such celebrated Appalachian novels as The Dollmaker and Hunter's Horn; social histories include Seedtime on the Cumberland and Flowering of the Cumberland. Born in Wayne County, Arnow spent most of her childhood in Burnside. Moved to . . . — Map (db m67876) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — "A Hard March"
On December 31, 1861, Union General George Thomas and his small army of about 3,000 men left Lebanon, Kentucky, and headed for this place, then known as Logan`s Crossroads. For his hardened troops, this 40-mile trek should have been a two or three . . . — Map (db m55025) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — "Battle on a Sabbath Morn" The Battle - 8:00 until 9:00 A.M.
You are standing in the center of the area where most of the Mill Springs Battle took place on Sunday morning, January 19, 1862. This illustration depicts the scene from a birds eye viewpoint above and behind you. The Union line stood to your left, . . . — Map (db m62985) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — "Confederate Mass Grave"
After the battle Union troops hastily buried the dead. The Confederate dead were interred in shallow mass graves near where they fell in battle. Some of these graves were so shallow that the bodies in them began surfacing within 48 hours of burial. . . . — Map (db m128956) HM WM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — "Poor Charlie"
The Battle - Confederate Retreat During the battle a small one room log cabin stood here (the foundation stones are still visible). Retreating Federal pickets made a brief but desperate stand in and around this cabin at the beginning of . . . — Map (db m86151) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — "Poor Charlie" Mill Springs Battlefield National Historic Landmark —
Soon after the first shots of the battle were exchanged at Timmy's Branch, Confederate surgeons set up a field hospital in a small log house that stood here. Some of the wounded found their own way here; friends carried others. One of the last . . . — Map (db m137141) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — "The Zollie Tree"
Forgotten Men In the years after the Battle of Mill Springs, the white oak tree that General Felix Zollicoffer's body had been placed under became known as the Zollie Tree. While the tree became a local gathering spot, no effort was made . . . — Map (db m70008) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — A Fatal Mistake Mill Springs Battlefield National Historic Landmark —
Mistaken Identity About seven o'clock the morning of January 19, 1862, Confederate General Felix Zollicoffer rode across the road to your left. Near here, in the dim light and fog, he saw a mounted officer, Union Colonel Speed Fry. Both men . . . — Map (db m137077) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — A Hard March Mill Springs Battlefield National Historic Landmark —
In November 1861, the Confederate army commanded by General Felix Zollicoffer arrived in Mill Springs, Kentucky, on the south side of the Cumberland River. A month later, Zollicoffer had moved 6,000 men to the north side of Cumberland and . . . — Map (db m88447) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — A National Cemetery System
Civil War Dead An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union . . . — Map (db m88451) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — A Scene of Battle Mill Springs Battlefield National Historic Landmark —
Alfred Edward Mathews, a renowned illustrator, created this drawing. We don't know if he participated in the battle, but it is obvious he was here. You are standing approximately where Mathews stood to sketch this scene. Compare the image to the . . . — Map (db m137102) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Action at Timmy's Branch Mill Springs Battlefield National Historic Landmark —
Union General George H. Thomas placed cavalry here, at Timmy's Branch, on the road between his army and the Confederates. These men acted as an early warning system in case of a surprise attack. It was here that the first shots of the Battle of Mill . . . — Map (db m137142) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Archaeology and the Mill Springs Battlefield
For several years the Mill Springs Battlefield Association, with the help of professional archeologists, has located and mapped artifacts on the battlefield. The type of artifact, their placement, and density is used to determine the units present . . . — Map (db m63059) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Balie Peyton, Jr. (1833-1862)
Lieutenant Balie Peyton, Jr. All battles have their stories of heroism and devotion to duty. All battles have the tragic death of those too young. The story of Balie Peyton, Jr., at Mill Springs is one of those stories. Peyton's story lifts the . . . — Map (db m63039) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Battle on a Sabbath Morn Mill Springs Battlefield National Historic Landmark —
You are near the center of the battlefield east of the road. Union and Confederate forces clashed violently here Sunday morning, January 19, 1862.

The Union line stood to your left, behind a split-rail fence at the edge of the woods (now part . . . — Map (db m137114) HM

Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Confederate Artillery Rutledge's Tennessee Light Artillery Battery
Captain Arthur M. Rutledge's Tennessee Light Artillery Battery was organized in Davidson County, Tennessee. Rutledge was a West Point graduate who went on to become the Chief of Ordnance in Polk's Army of Mississippi. Rutledge's Tennessee Light . . . — Map (db m63121) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Confederate Dead Mill Springs Battlefield National Historic Landmark —
After the battle, Union soldiers hastily buried the dead. They interred many of the Confederates in shallow mass graves near where they fell. Some graves were so shallow that the bodies began surfacing just days afterward. With the army gone, local . . . — Map (db m137098) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — 863 — Confederate Defense Line / The Forces Move In Battle of Mill Springs / Aftermath
(Front Side) Confederate Defense Line Late in 1861, Confederates sought to prevent Union forces from occupying strategic points in Kentucky and Tennessee, to maintain rail shipments of vital Confederate supplies from Virginia . . . — Map (db m88448) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Confederate Field Hospital Battle of Mill Springs
This is the site of the Confederate Hospital used by Confederate surgeons after the Battle of Mill Springs. The site is being preserved with the help of a Federal grant from the Land and Water Conservation Fund, administered by the National Park . . . — Map (db m55459) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Confederate Mass Grave Memorial
Beneath this mound rest in sleep that knows no waking, more than one hundred Confederate soldiers from Tennessee, Mississippi, and Alabama, who were killed in the Battle of Fishing Creek, Jan. 19, 1862. We know not who they were but . . . — Map (db m138032) WM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Confederate Retreat
"Every one for himself was the motto." Much of the Confederate Army retreated through this area. They headed south along the Mill Springs Road toward their camps and fortifications just this side of the Cumberland River. Mississippi . . . — Map (db m63098) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Dawn of Battle Mill Springs Battlefield National Historic Landmark —
Shortly before daylight on January 19, 1862, the lead elements of the Confederate column encountered Union pickets—a guard detachment—at Timmy's Branch about a mile south of here. The Confederates fired on the Union troops, who retreated . . . — Map (db m137097) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — 1920 — Felix K. Zollicoffer, "Zollie Tree"
Felix K. Zollicoffer: Brig. Gen. Felix K. Zollicoffer, CSA, died here, Jan. 19, 1862, in Battle of Logan's Crossroads (Mill Springs). This Tenn. native was veteran of Seminole War, editor of Nashville Banner, and 3-term U.S. congressman. In heavy . . . — Map (db m55189) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Fix Bayonets - Charge! The Battle - Mid-Morning
"If it gets too hot for you, shut your eyes my boys - forward!" - Major Gustave Kammerling, 9th Ohio (photo inset) Union Colonel Robert McCook, commanding the Union 3rd Brigade ordered one of the few successful bayonet charges of the Civil . . . — Map (db m62973) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Fix Bayonets, Charge! Mill Springs Battlefield National Historic Landmark —
It was midmorning and the battle was raging when directly across the road Union Colonel Robert McCook ordered the 9th Ohio Infantry to charge the enemy. It was one of the few successful bayonet charges of the Civil War and was instrumental in . . . — Map (db m137109) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Gen'l Felix K. Zollicoffer
On this spot fell Gen'l Felix K. Zollicoffer of Tennessee, Jan. 19, 1862. Lieuts. Bailie Peyton Jr., H.M.R. Fogs and more than 150 of their Confederate associates in the Battle of Fishing Creek, here died with Gen'l Zollicoffer for right as they saw . . . — Map (db m43876) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — George Henry Thomas The Rock of Chickamauga, the Sledge of Nashville
Note: this marker is weathered and partly illegible. Some words are inferred and others are indecipherable. George Henry Thomas was born in Southampton County, Virginia, July 31, 1815. At the age sixteen he was forced to flee his home along . . . — Map (db m62970) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Melee at the Fence Mill Springs Battlefield National Historic Landmark —
Colonel Speed Fry, commanding the 4th Kentucky Infantry (U.S.), pulled his men back to a split-rail fence on a hill east of the road. As the Union soldiers deployed, the Confederates regrouped in the ravine. They had learned that Confederate General . . . — Map (db m137112) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Mill Springs Battlefield National Historic Landmark
. . . — Map (db m138038) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Mill Springs National Cemetery
Battle of Mill Springs Confederate forces established a defense line across southern Kentucky in fall 1861. Union and Confederate armies fought small-scale actions in the area, but the Battle of Mill Springs was the first major . . . — Map (db m88450) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Mistaken Identity - A Deadly Error
About 7 A.M. Confederate General Felix Zollicoffer rode forward to reconnoiter. Near this spot, in the dim light and fog, he saw a mounted officer, Union Colonel Speed Fry of the 4th Kentucky U.S. Volunteers. Both men mistakenly assumed the other to . . . — Map (db m62934) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Respite at Moulden's Hill Mill Springs Battlefield National Historic Landmark —
The evening of January 19, 1862, Union forces pursuing the beaten Confederates halted at a small log school nearby. The Confederates had used the school as a headquarters for their pickets before the battle. Union soldiers rested here as they . . . — Map (db m137143) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Rutledge's Battery Mill Springs Battlefield National Historic Landmark —
Rutledge's Battery, a Confederate artillery unit, fired from this position during the Battle of Mill Springs. This gun is a reproduction of those the battery used—1841 model six-pounder smoothbore cannons.

Captain Arthur M. Rutledge, a . . . — Map (db m137119) HM

Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — The Noble Ellis Saves an Army Mill Springs Battlefield National Historic Landmark —
The Confederate army arrived in Mill Springs in November 1861. For some time, Confederate General Felix K. Zollicoffer's pleas for more men and supplies were ignored. Finally, his superior sent the steamboat Noble Ellis up from Nashville with . . . — Map (db m137146) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — The Blacksmith Shop A Haven for the Wounded
A small building that housed a blacksmith shop stood in this area at the time of the Battle of Mill Springs. According to local tradition, the blacksmith who worked there mined shale, low grade coal, from the ground near his shop. There are several . . . — Map (db m63097) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — The Dawn of Battle The Battle — 6:00 A.M.
Shortly before daylight about 6:00 A.M., the struggling Confederate column encountered Union pickets at Timmy's branch one and one half miles south of here and exchanged the first shots of the battle. Alerted by the gunfire, the Union camps (a mile . . . — Map (db m70012) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — The General Commanding Mill Springs Battlefield National Historic Landmark —
George Henry Thomas Virginian George H. Thomas commanded the Union army at the Battle of Mill Springs. Because he was from a prominent slave-holding family many, including President Abraham Lincoln, initially questioned his loyalty. His . . . — Map (db m137104) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — The Last Stand Mill Springs Battlefield National Historic Landmark —
The Confederates west of the road fled in disarray after the 9th Ohio Infantry executed a successful bayonet charge. The pursuing Federals turned the tide on the east side of the road and the entire Confederate line broke. The 16th Alabama Infantry . . . — Map (db m137140) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — The Ravine
Colonel Speed Fry (photo inset) For much of the battle the Union defense line was behind a rail fence at the top of the hill. Colonel Speed Fry of the Union 4th Kentucky said that his men there came "under a galling fire from the enemy, who . . . — Map (db m63068) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — The Union Advance "The enemy gave way ... like chaff before the wind."
The commander of the 10th Indiana Volunteer Infantry wrote, "The way by which the enemy had retreated gave evidence that they had been in haste to reach their den. Wagons, cannon, muskets, swords, blankets, etc. were strewn all along the road . . . — Map (db m63186) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — The Union Line at the Fence Union soldiers choose their ground
After the initial contact between the Union and Confederate forces in the foggy half light of the winter morning, Colonel Speed Fry, commanding the 4th Kentucky Infantry (US), pulled his men back to a rail fence on a hill east of the Mill Springs . . . — Map (db m62999) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — The Zollie Tree Mill Springs Battlefield National Historic Landmark —
After Confederate General Felix Zollicoffer was fatally wounded at the Battle of Mill Springs on January 19, 1862, his men placed his body under a white oak tree. In the years that followed, the tree became known as the "Zollie Tree."

Forty . . . — Map (db m137096) HM

Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Timmy's Branch Union Cavalry Picket Line Battle of Mill Springs —
Clearly visible in front of you is the roadbed of the original Mill Springs Road. Feel free to walk the old road to the creek, where you can see the original crossing. Near the creek, between the present road and the original road, is one of the few . . . — Map (db m55464) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Turpin/Simpson Properties Last Stand Hill Battle of Mill Springs —
These properties make up the site on which the Confederate Army attacked and retreated during the Battle of Mill Springs. These sites are being preserved with the help of a Federal grant from the Land and Water Conservation Fund administered by the . . . — Map (db m55781) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Victory! Mill Springs Battlefield National Historic Landmark —
The Last Minutes of the Battle Union commander General George H. Thomas described the last minutes of the battle: "The 12th Kentucky . . . and the Tennessee brigade reached the field to the left of the Minnesota regiment, and opened fire on . . . — Map (db m137115) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Somerset — 712 — Dutton's Hill Battle
March 30, 1863, USA force of 1,250 under General Q. A. Gillmore overtook 1,550 Confederate cavalry under Gen. John Pegram, here. Five hour battle resulted. CSA driven from one position to another, withdrew during night across Cumberland. Killed, . . . — Map (db m67872) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Somerset — 1684 — Home of Governor Morrow
Edwin P. Morrow (1877-1935), a native of Somerset, built this house soon after marrying in 1903; he began his Somerset law practice same year. Morrow served in Spanish-American War; appointed U.S. District Attorney for eastern Kentucky by Pres. Taft . . . — Map (db m67871) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Somerset — 677 — Morgan's First Raid
CSA General John H. Morgan's first Kentucky raid covered 1000 miles, July 4 to July 28, 1862—24 days. Left Tenn. with 900 men, returned with 1200, captured 17 towns, 300 horses, destroyed Union supplies. Here, July 21, Morgan took over . . . — Map (db m67870) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Somerset — 1607 - A — Pulaski County 1799
Kentucky's 27th formed, its territory taken from Lincoln and Green Counties, was named for Count Casimir Pulaski, Polish patriot and soldier of liberty. He came to US when he learned of the Colonies' fight for freedom. A brigadier general in . . . — Map (db m67854) HM WM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Somerset — Russell S. Dyche Memorial Highway
This section of KY 80 was named to honor the memory of a man whose vision foresaw the role it would play in someday - a link in a chain of great highways stretching across the breath of the Commonwealth from the hills of Appalachia to the lakes and . . . — Map (db m35877) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Somerset — 1607 - B — Town Spring
Near the site of this spring Somerset was established as the county seat in 1801 on forty acres given by William Dodson. The path to it became the town's most traveled street in order to drink from the Old Town Spring. Thus a saying became popular, . . . — Map (db m67858) HM

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