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Natchitoches Parish Louisiana Historical Markers

 
Marie Theresa de la Grande Terre Marker image, Touch for more information
By Belinda Brooks, circa June 28, 2008
Marie Theresa de la Grande Terre Marker
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Campti — Marie Theresa de la Grande TerreChitimacha Slave Captured by the Natchitoches
Captured in 1708 by French explorer St. Denis in raid on Chitimacha Indian Village in Lafourche Parish. Sold at Mobile to a French officer, Jacques Guedon. They married in 1721 at Los Adaes. Descendants settled the Black Lake Community in 1763. The . . . — Map (db m101025) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Cloutierville — Bayou Folk Museum
Home of Kate Chopin 1880-1883, renowned writer of Creole Short Stories set in famed Cane River Country. Best known for "Bayou Folk" and "A Night in Acadie". Home built in early 1800's by Alexis Cloutier on Spanish Land Grant No. B 17.01. — Map (db m87871) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Grand Ecore — Site of Fort Selden
About 2 miles NW. Occupied 1816-17 and 1819-22. Purpose was to police southwestern frontier and guard Red River and Bayou Pierre. Gen. Edmund P. Gaines, commander of the Western Department, had his headquarters here for a time. — Map (db m106124) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Grand Ecore — U.S. Military Road #11
Constructed by soldiers of Fort Jesup 1827-1828 Extension of Old San Antonio Trace. Grand Ecore supplanted Natchitoches as a river port as early as 1836. Fortifications of 1861-1865 nearby. Two miles to Fort Selden, est. 1822. . . . — Map (db m106126) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Melrose — Badin-Roque House
Rare surviving example of a poteaux-en-terre (posts in the ground) house, and ancient form of construction prevalent in Mississippi Valley during 18th and early 19th centuries. Probably fewer than 10 extant examples in U.S. — Map (db m86903) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Melrose — Yucca Plantation
Yucca Plantation Has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America 1974 National Park Service United States Department of the . . . — Map (db m87098) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchez — Old Plauche Place / Ducournau Plantation
(side 1) This c. 1836 center hall Creole cottage is of poteaux sur sole, (hand-hewn pegged cypress sills on brick piers) and bousillage construction on the 1780s land grant to Claude Pierre Thomas Metoyer. The lower 68 acres given to a . . . — Map (db m70645) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — Basilica of the Immaculate Conception
Begun in 1852 and completed in 1889, this is the fifth Catholic Church in Natchitoches. The first was associated with the French colonial Fort St. Jean Baptiste. Proclaimed a minor basilica by apostolic decree from his holiness Benedict XVI in . . . — Map (db m109539) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — Bayou Amulet
During the French and Spanish Colonial Period, 1714 - 1803, this bayou emptied into the Red River, now Cane River Lake. It was the rendezvous when the river trade from New Orleans met the pack animal trains from Old Mexico. Because of the many . . . — Map (db m106517) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — Colonial Gateway Corral
First sighted by St. Denis and Bienville in 1700, this hill was later St. Denis' vacherie. Here three paths met. From the Spanish West came cattle and horses; eastward were his home and the route of flatboats to New Orleans. A road wound North to . . . — Map (db m66241) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — Dr. John Sibley
Born May 19th, 1757 Sutton, Massachusetts Died April 8th, 1837 Natchitoches, Louisiana In 1776, at age 19, John Sibley served the patriot cause in the American Revolution as a surgeon’s mate with the Massachusetts Militia. In 1784, he . . . — Map (db m106168) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — Ducournau Building
This Building Ducournau Building 1835 Has Been Placed On The National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m109797) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — El Camino RealKing's Highway — Old San Antonio Trace
Traveled by St. Denis in 1714 from Natchitoches to the Rio Grande Natchitoches, the oldest town in La., was established in 1714 — Map (db m69237) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — El Camino Real de los Tejas
Established in the late 1600’s by connecting well-worn Native American trails, El Camino Real de los Tejas was a major overland route from Mexico City to Natchitoches. By 1717, the trail had witnessed at least five major Spanish expeditions from . . . — Map (db m106171) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — First Mass in Natchitoches
“The first recorded, formal Christian religious service conducted in Nathchitoches was a holy Mass celebrated in 1716 in the open air beneath a large wooden cross. The celebrant, a native of Valencia, Spain, was Venerable Antonio Margil de . . . — Map (db m109538) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — Fort Saint Jean Baptiste
On this hill stood Fort Saint Jean Baptiste, westernmost outpost of the French Colonial Empire in the west, erected by Saint Denis under Iberville's orders in 1720, seat of the garrison of the Post of Natchitoches, the oldest town in the Louisiana . . . — Map (db m106119) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — Fort St. Jean Baptiste
At this site on April 26, 1804, Fort St. Jean Baptiste was one of six garrisons in Louisiana where the American Flag was raised in ceremonies commemorating the transfer of the Louisiana Purchase. On behalf of the United States, Commissioner William . . . — Map (db m106118) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — Ft. St. Jean Baptiste(Six blocks south)
English Built about 1715 by request of Saint Denis to halt the Spanish expansion eastward. Natchitoches Indians, allies of the French, gave their name to the city. French Fort St-Jean-Baptiste (à 300 mètres au Sud) . . . — Map (db m86859) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — Henri de Tonti
On Feb. 17, 1690, Henri de Tonti, a trader and French army officer known as the Iron Hand, arrived in this area to search for LaSalle's lost colony. While here, he helped arrange a treaty between the Taensa and Natchitoches Indians. — Map (db m109793) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — Louis Juchereau de St. Denis1676-1744
In 1700 explored & established trade with Natchitoches Indians voyaging on Red River. In 1714 built a garrisoned post to repel the Spanish, promoted trade searched mines. Married in 1716 at the Rio del Norte Presidio. Leadership of Indians & victory . . . — Map (db m86867) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — Natchitoches and the Early American Period
Located on the United States/Spanish border, by 1804 Natchitoches was the third most important settlement in the Louisiana Purchase after New Orleans and St. Louis. Within months of the official transfer of Louisiana to American rule, a military . . . — Map (db m106170) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — Natchitoches Historic District
Natchitoches Historic District Has Been Designated A National Historic Landmark This Site Possesses National Significance in Commemorating the History of the United States of America — Map (db m109799) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — Natchitoches Indians
According to legend, in 1835 a proclamation was read to the Natchitoches Indians, who assembled across the River from this spot, departing them to the Oklahoma Territory. — Map (db m87305) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — Northwestern State University
The history of Northwestern State University begins when a portion of property owned by Natchitoches founder Louis Juchereau de St. Denis was obtained by the Bullard family who in 1832 completed a mansion on a hill facing east towards Chaplin’s . . . — Map (db m106519) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — Roque HouseCirca 1797
This French Colonial cottage was built by a freed black slave named "Yves" but called "Pascale". in 1797. Constructed of bousillage (adobe) between angular and upright posts, it represents the earliest form of what is now known in Louisiana as . . . — Map (db m86861) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — Saint Denis Tomb
Beneath this building, former site of the Church of Saint Francis, the first Catholic Church in Natchitoches, lie the remains of The Chevalier Louis Juchereau de Saint Denis. Born at Quebec September 17, 1676, died at Natchitoches June 11, . . . — Map (db m109435) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — Site of Camp Salubrity
About 2 miles NW occupied 1844-45 by the 4th Infantry Regiment part of the "Army of Observation" to be near the Texas border should hostilities occur with Mexico. The camp located on the old Texas Road. Lt. Ulysses S. Grant was stationed there and . . . — Map (db m109434) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — Site of Fort Claiborne
Fort established here in 1804. Named after William C.C. Claiborne, then governor of territorial Louisiana. Protected U.S. interests on southwestern frontier. Garrisoned almost continuously until establishment of Fort Jesup in 1822. — Map (db m86855) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — The American Cemetery
Established in 1737, the American Cemetery is considered one of the oldest cemeteries in the Louisiana Purchase. The many civic, religious, military, and political leaders buried here reflect the long and colorful history of Cane River National . . . — Map (db m106111) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — The American Cemetery
Originally this was the site of the relocated Fort St. Jean Baptiste and the first formal burial ground at the Natchitoches Post. Graves date from the middle eighteenth century and represent the following French, Spanish and American founders. . . . — Map (db m106116) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — The American Transition
President Thomas Jefferson negotiated the Louisiana Purchase with French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte in 1803. The Louisiana Purchase was the largest peacetime land acquisition in U.S. history, containing territory that eventually comprised 15 states. . . . — Map (db m106110) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — The Historic Cane River
Once a primary channel of the mighty Red River, Cane River has defined the region for centuries. It has been home to various ethnic groups over the years, including the Native Americans, French, Spanish, Africans from various tribes, and Americans. . . . — Map (db m106513) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — The Legacy of Catholicism
Catholicism has played a central role throughout the history of the Cane River region, with its emergence rooted in French and Spanish Colonial-era claims to the territory. Although many other religions have flourished in the area over the years, . . . — Map (db m106172) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — The Natchitoches Parish Old Courthouse
The first Natchitoches Parish Courthouse was built on this site about 1828. It was demolished in 1895 to allow for the present historic courthouse, which was built in 1896. The courthouse cost $20,555 to build. This Richardsonian Romanesque . . . — Map (db m106173) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Natchitoches — The Red River Campaign
In April 1864, life along tranquil Cane River was brutally disrupted when the Civil War reached area residents. In an operation known as the Red River Campaign, Union naval and land forces advanced up the Red River valley from occupied portions of . . . — Map (db m106514) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Robeline — El Camino RealKings Highway — Old San Antonio Road
Historical park ¼ mile from here. Site of Los Adaes, once capital of Spanish Texas. Erected by the State of Louisiana and the Daughters of the American Revolution. — Map (db m106137) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Robeline — El Camino Real de los Tejas(Royal Road of the Tejas Indians)
This early road connected the presidio, "Nuestra Senora del Pilar de los Adaes", to the royal authority in Mexico City. An elected representative from Los Adaes traveled 1300 miles to Mexico City where he collected the soldiers' salaries and . . . — Map (db m86807) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Robeline — Los Adaes
Mission founded nearby in 1717 for Adaes Indians by Fra Margil, Franciscan of Zacatecas, who traversed the trail from Panama on foot. French Natchitoches served by missionaries from this easternmost Spanish post. Plaque Dedicated June 1, . . . — Map (db m86805) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Robeline — Los Adais
On this hill Spain erected a fort that served as Capital of the Province of Texas from 1721 to 1773. The only Spanish Mission in this area was erected on the opposite hill in 1717, soon after the French founded Natchitoches. — Map (db m106136) HM
Louisiana (Natchitoches Parish), Robeline — The Presidio Nuestra Senora del Pilar de los Adais
Was founded in 1721 by the Spaniards on the crest of this hill as the Eastern outpost of the Spanish Empire in the West and for fifty years was the capital of the Province of Texas until its abandonment in 1773. Site donated and tablet erected . . . — Map (db m106134) HM

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