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Warren County Mississippi Historical Markers

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St. Alban's Episcopal Church image, Touch for more information
By Jeff Lovorn, November 29, 2011
St. Alban's Episcopal Church
Mississippi (Warren County), Bovina — St. Alban's Episcopal Church
St. Alban's Episcopal Church was first built in 1858 along the Jackson-Vicksburg Road, now known as The Warriors Trail, and consecrated in 1859. During the Civil War, St. Alban's became a haven for civilians fleeing war-torn Vicksburg. In May 1863, . . . — Map (db m50999) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Kimberly — Brierfield and Hurricane
The Brierfield and Hurricane plantations of Jefferson and Joseph Davis were located west of here at Davis Bend. War, floods, and fire have destroyed most of the physical evidence of these plantation homes. — Map (db m103795) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Redwood — Snyder's Bluff — Steele's Bayou Expedition — Vicksburg Campaign
Throughout the winter of 1862-63, Union Major General Ulysses S. Grant orchestrated a series of Bayou Expeditions aimed at capturing Vicksburg. The Steele's Bayou Expedition was the most daring of these operations and was personally led by Rear . . . — Map (db m65009) WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — "Gold in the Hills"
The longest continually-running melodrama in the world began with modest roots on March 28, 1936 by Julia Arnold on a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers barge that had been redesigned to resemble a riverboat and renamed the Dixie Belle. "Gold in the . . . — Map (db m104084) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — "Logging on the River"
One of Vicksburg and Warren County's greatest natural resources is its hardwood forests. For years, the harvesting of timber was hard work that was achieved by hard men and animals working in unison. After trees were cut, oxen and mules were . . . — Map (db m104128) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — "New Beginnings & Lasting Legacies"
From the earliest settlers to Vicksburg, African Americans have made significant contributions to social, educational, religious, economic and political progress. Vicksburg was home to Hiram Rhodes Revels, the first African American U. S. . . . — Map (db m103994) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — "The 1953 Vicksburg Tornado"
On a balmy Saturday afternoon in the winter of 1953, a tornado etched a path of destruction from Vicksburg's waterfront through downtown and into a northeast residential area. The December 5th twister is to date (2006) one of only two F5 . . . — Map (db m104086) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — "The Blues are the Roots, the Rest are the Fruits"-Willie Dixon
Famed musician and prolific song writer Willie Dixon was born in Vicksburg in 1915. In 1936, he moved to Chicago, taking with him an appreciation of African field songs, gospel, blues, and country music. Over the next 50 years, Dixon created a . . . — Map (db m104145) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — "The Founding of Vicksburg and Methodism"
Methodism played a formative role in the founding of Vicksburg and Warren County. In 1799, Rev. Tobias Gibson, a circuit rider in the Mississippi Territory established the Hopewell congregation in Warren County. In 1814, Rev. Newitt Vick, a . . . — Map (db m104127) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — "The War Between the States"
Vicksburg voters opposed secession but once the war began they supported the Confederacy, over 2500 local men joining the Southern ranks. The first attack on Vicksburg was in the spring of 1862. The enemy was repulsed, Col. James Autry telling . . . — Map (db m104036) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — "The Widow Blakely"
Because it was the lone Blakely rifled cannon in all the Vicksburg defenses, the Confederate soldiers called this 7.44-inch gun, "The Widow Blakely." During the siege it was mounted about 1 mile north of its present position. On May 22, 1863, the . . . — Map (db m97124) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — "Two Bridges at Sunset"
Probably one of the most picturesque views of Vicksburg is that of the two bridges over the Mississippi River. The first bridge was constructed in 1930 for $6,500,000 to transport vehicles and trains. It was, at that time, the only bridge across . . . — Map (db m104083) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — C.S. Company B, — Pointe Coupee Artillery; — Maury's-Forney's Div.: Army of Vicksburg.
Capt. William A. Davidson. The right section of the company, under Lieut. Jeff Thompson, served two 3-inch rifles in this position from about May 21 to the end of the defense, July 4, 1863. — Map (db m109518) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — C.S. Company A, — 1st Tennessee Heavy Artillery; — River Batteries; Army of Vicksburg.
Capt. Paul T. Dismukes. The company served one 10-inch Columbiad in a position not in the park, about 266 yards southwest of this tablet, from May 18 to the end of the defense, July 4, 1863. — Map (db m109494) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — C.S. Company B, — 1st Tennessee Heavy Artillery; — River Batteries; Army of Vicksburg.
Capt. William P. Parks. The company served one 32-pounder rifled gun in a position, not in the park, about 200 yards west of this tablet from May 18 to the end of the defense, July 4, 1863. — Map (db m110743) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — C.S. Company C, — 1st Tennessee Heavy Artillery; — River Batteries; Army of Vicksburg.
Capt. H.T. Norman The company served one 9-inch Dahlgren gun in a position, not in the park, immediately west of the Harwood house and about 66 yards west of this tablet from May 18 to about June 29, when the gun, with a detachment . . . — Map (db m110842) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — C.S. Company D, — 1st Tennessee Heavy Artillery; — River Batteries; Army of Vicksburg.
Lieut. G.W. Miller; Lieut. D.M. Upton. The company served one 8-inch Columbiad in a position, not in the park, about 200 yards west of this tablet from May 18 to the end of the defense, July 4, 1863. — Map (db m110742) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — C.S. Johnston's Company — Tennessee Heavy Artillery; — River Batteries; Army of Vicksburg.
Capt. T. N. Johnston. A detachment of the company served two 10-inch Columbiads in a position, not in the park about 150 yards northwest of this tablet, from May 18 to the end of the defense, July 4, 1863. They were creditably and . . . — Map (db m109450) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — C.S. Johnston's Company, — Tennessee Heavy Artillery; — River Batteries; Army of Vicksburg.
Capt. T.N. Johnston A detachment of the company, under Lieut. P.R. Cousins, served one 7-inch Brooke's rifled gun in a position, not in the park, about 233 yards west of this tablet, from May 18 to June 28, 1863, when it was disabled . . . — Map (db m109530) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — C.S. Tennessee Heavy Artillery; — River Batteries; Army of Vicksburg.
One 42-pounder smoothbore gun was mounted in a position, not in the park, near the end of the spur known as "Devil's Backbone" and about 100 yards west of this tablet from May 18 to the end of the defense, July 4, 1863. It was not in exclusive . . . — Map (db m110840) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — U.S. Battery Benton. — Acting Master J. Frank Reed.
U.S. Battery Benton. Acting Master J. Frank Reed.A detachment of Battery E, 1st Missouri Light Artillery under Lieut. Joseph B. Atwater and a detail of enlisted men of the 34th Iowa Infantry, all under Acting Master J. Frank Reed of the gunboat . . . — Map (db m39567) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — U.S. Battery K, — 2D Illinois Light Artillery; — 4th Div.; 16th Corps; Army of the Tennessee.
Capt. Benjamin F. Rodgers. The battery served four James rifles in temporary positions on the investment line of its division from May 25. One section served two James rifles in this position from about June 22 to the end of the . . . — Map (db m109364) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 64 — 61 Highway
Side 1: The rise of the automobile and the development of a national highway system in the 1920's and '30s coincided with the initial boom of blues, jazz, and spiritual recordings by African American artists. Songs in the African American . . . — Map (db m97080) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 901, 905, 913 Crawford Street
Middle house constructed ca. 1830 by John Lane, a member of Vicksburg's founding family. Flanking Italianate townhouses constructed ca. 1872: 901 by a niece of Jeff. Davis; 913 by Judge Upton Young. — Map (db m109280) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Alpha Kappa Alpha National Presidents
Both former residents of Vicksburg, B. Beatrix Scott and Ida L. Jackson served as the fifth and eighth national presidents of the Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, 1925-1927 and 1933-1936, respectively. During her presidency, Scott helped establish . . . — Map (db m97074) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Anchuca
Built in three stages from ca. 1830 to 1855, this Greek Revival–style mansion was originally built by J.W. Mauldin and sold to Victor Wilson in 1840. Added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1981, Anchuca was Vicksburg’s first . . . — Map (db m103752) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Anshe Chesed Congregation
Meaning "men of kindness," the Anshe Chesed Congregation was organized in 1841 and formally chartered by the State of Mississippi in 1862. It was a founding member of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations in 1874. Anshe Chesed is the second . . . — Map (db m50909) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Balfour House
Built mid-1830s. Home of diarist Emma Balfour, noted diarist of the Siege. Site of 1862 Christmas ball interrupted by arrival of Federal fleet. Following surrender, July 4, 1863, was HQ. of Maj.-Gen. J.B. McPherson. — Map (db m97085) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Bethel A.M.E. Church
Site of first African Methodist Episcopal Church (1864), and first Negro Masonic Lodge in Mississippi organized here (1875). Campbell College was organized here in 1890. Present church was built in 1912. — Map (db m103754) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Brothers of the Sacred Heart
Known for strict discipline and demand for diligent work, the Brothers of the Sacred Heart took charge of the education of Vicksburg Catholic young men when they arrived at St. Aloysius Academy on the corner of First North and Grove streets in . . . — Map (db m104129) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — C S Headquarters Stevenson's Division — Army of Vicksburg
Maj. Gen. Carter L. Stevenson May 18-July 4 1863 This building was then a dwelling house two stories high width of front same as now but depth much lessMap (db m109505) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — C.S.S. Arkansas
The C.S.S. Arkansas, an ironclad built in Yazoo City, met the Union vessels Queen of the West, Tyler and Carondelet on July 15, 1862, on the Yazoo River. Moving into the Mississippi, the Arkansas ran past thirty-nine . . . — Map (db m103751) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Camp Williamson
In 1906 the Vicksburg Business League purchased nearly sixty acres of land and grading, one quarter mile east of this site, to attract a proposed National Guard rifle range. The range, which opened in 1907, included a store house, a concrete target . . . — Map (db m103779) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Carr School
Carr School was designed in the Tudor Gothic style by William Stanton, a well-known architect, who had designed many religious, public, commercial and residential buildings across Mississippi. The school was built in 1924 by the E.G. Parish . . . — Map (db m104136) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Chickasaw Bayou Battle
Here on December 27-29, 1862 General W.T. Sherman with 32,000 men was routed by a defending C.S.A. force of 9,000 led by Gen. Stephen D. Lee. Union losses were 9 to 1. — Map (db m105420) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Combat Wounded Veterans — Military Order of the Purple Heart — 1782-1932
Dedicated To The Recipients Of The Nation's Oldest Military Decoration "The Purple Heart" My stone is red for the blood they shed. The medal I bear is my country's way to show they care. If I could be seen by all . . . — Map (db m109895) WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Confederate Dead at Vicksburg Memorial
Dedicated to the memory of the men who gave their lives in defense of Vicksburg — Map (db m104276) WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Confederate Dead Monument — 1861 - 1865
Front In Memory of the men, from all states of the South, who fell in the defense of Vicksburg during a siege of 47 days - May 18 to July 3, 1863. A defense unsurpassed in the annals of war for heroism, endurance of devotion, and . . . — Map (db m104277) WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Crossing the Mississippi
Prior to the construction of a bridge in 1930 across the Mississippi River at Vicksburg, train cars crossed to Louisiana on "ferries for trains" called transfer boats. The inclines at Kleinstown in Vicksburg and Delta Point in Louisiana were . . . — Map (db m103989) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Debate and Decision
From his headquarters in this grand mansion, Confederate General Pemberton followed the movement of enemy troops during the siege. He watched his men suffering from lack of food and the relentless Union bombardment. After nearly seven weeks, . . . — Map (db m81903) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Dedication of the Illinois Monument — Vicksburg National Military Park
The Vicksburg National Military Park, established by Congress on February 21, 1899, commemorates the campaign, siege, and defense of Vicksburg during the Civil War. The 1,800 acres of the park are dotted with over 1,300 monuments, making it the "art . . . — Map (db m103991) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Early Exploration - Fort Nogales
The Spanish were the first Europeans (in 1541) to discover what is today called Fort Hill, the second highest spot between Memphis and New Orleans. When the French arrived in 1682, they laid claim to the region. The Treaty of Paris in 1763 divided . . . — Map (db m104038) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Firing on the A.O. Tyler
On January 13, 1861, the steamer A.O. Tyler, en route downriver to New Orleans, was fired on by militia sent to protect Vicksburg. The Tyler, which was later used as a U.S. timberclad gunboat, was searched and released. The firing on . . . — Map (db m103747) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Fort Nogales
On bluffs above. Built by Spain in 1790's on land granted by Choctaws. At evacuation in March 1798, name became Ft. McHenry, honoring U.S. Sec. of War. Abandoned about 1800. — Map (db m103757) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Fort Nogales 1791
Fort Nogales, which was the first settlement at Vicksburg, was established by the Spaniards on this spot in 1791. In 1798, it passed from the possession of Spain to the United States and was re-named Fort McHenry. It was used as a Confederate fort . . . — Map (db m103759) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Frank Crump, Jr.
Navy veteran and Alcorn College graduate Frank Crump, Jr. taught at Rosa A. Temple High School (1960-1970) and was Vo-Tech Dean at Utica Junior College. During Freedom Summer in 1964, he registered African American voters and was a Mississippi . . . — Map (db m103768) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Glass Mounds — Mississippi Mound Trail
The Glass site originally consisted of four pyramidal mound surrounding an open plaza, with a possible fifth mound located to the north. Of these, Mound A alone remains undamaged. It stands 30 feet high and has a ramp extending south toward the . . . — Map (db m103780) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — John D. Cobb House
A Greek Revival Building ca 1830 Oldest Structure in Southern Heritage Complex Presented By Mississippi State Society National Society Colonial Dames Seventeenth Century — Map (db m109512) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — John Gregg
Brig. General C.S. Army Commanding Brigade Walker's Division Johnston's Army — Map (db m110461) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Joseph Biedenharn and the First Bottling of Coca-Cola
On a summer day in 1894, Joseph Biedenharn, a candy merchant and soda fountain operator, had an idea that would reshape the soft drink industry. He took the popular fountain beverage, Coca-Cola, put it in bottles, and delivered it to rural areas . . . — Map (db m103993) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Koestler Bakery's Christmas Tree Lane
In May 1908, Leo C. Koestler opened Koestler's Bakery on Washington at Belmont Street. The first ovens were coal fired and "Mello-Toast Bread" was delivered to households by a horse-drawn dray. In about 1918, Leo became the first in the state to . . . — Map (db m104079) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — LeTourneau
In 1942. R.G. LeTourneau, the man largely responsible for the invention and development of earth-moving machines in wide use today, built his fourth manufacturing plant in Vicksburg. He brought with him a small group of talented men including Clyde . . . — Map (db m104077) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Louisiana Civil War Monument
{East side} To the Louisianians who died in defense of Vicksburg 1862 - 1863 {South side} In life the shock of battle: In death's sleep: Peace and endless fame. {North . . . — Map (db m109894) WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Lum Home — (Grant Headquarters)
Site of Lum Mansion, Hq. of Gen. U.S. Grant, family & staff, after siege of Vicksburg, 1863. The 26 room house, built about 1820, was later destroyed by order of Capt. Cyrus B. Comstock to build fortification. — Map (db m97076) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 98 — Marcus Bottom
Front The historic African American community of Marcus Bottom was an important center of early blues, jazz, and gospel music activity. Pianist Eurreal “Little Brother” Montgomery, one of the premier blues artists of the . . . — Map (db m103895) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Martha Vick House
This Greek Revival house was built in 1830 by Martha Vick, daughter of Vicksburg founder Newit Vick. Newit and his wife Elizabeth died of yellow fever in 1819, leaving Martha to help raise her eight siblings. Martha Vick died in 1851, after which . . . — Map (db m109281) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Matthew D. Ector
Brig. General C.S. Army Commanding Brigade Walker's Division Johnston's Army _______ Adjt. 3rd Texas Cav. Aug. 12, 1861 Birg Gen. C.S. Army Aug. 23, 1862Map (db m110460) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Miss Mississippi
The Miss Mississippi Scholarship Pageant was started in 1934 with the annual event held in different cities until 1958. In that year, Vicksburg hosted its first pageant under the leadership of Mayor Johnny Holland and the Vicksburg Jaycees, and it . . . — Map (db m104078) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Mississippi — The Magnolia State
Explored, 1540~1, by De Soto. Colonized first by French, 1699. Became a colony of British, 1763; Spanish, 1779. Territory organized by U.S., 1798. Became 20th. state, 1817. — Map (db m59607) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Mississippi Dental Association
On April 21, 1875, the Mississippi Dental Association was organized in Vicksburg at the office of Dr. J.B. Askew and Dr. J.D. Miles on Washington Street. Dr. J.D. Miles became its first president. — Map (db m75627) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Old Natchez District
Ceded by Choctaws & Chickasaws in Fort Adams Treaty, 1801, confirming earlier British treaty. Contained most of present Warren, Jefferson, Claiborne, Adams, Franklin, Wilkinson & Amite counties. — Map (db m72185) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Pemberton Headquarters — (Willis-Cowan House)
Built ca. 1835. Military headquarters of Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton, who commanded the Confederate forces during the siege of Vicksburg. Here on July 3, 1863, the decision was made to surrender the city. — Map (db m81879) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Planters' Hall
Built 1834. Housed Vicksburg branch, Planters’ Bank of Mississippi until 1842. Occupied by officers of 28th Louisiana Reg. during Vicksburg siege. Acquired by Vicksburg Council of Garden Clubs, Inc., 1956. — Map (db m98350) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Prehistoric Settlement in Warren County
The Vicksburg-Warren County area has a long prehistoric heritage. There is evidence of prehistoric Native Americans in this area as early as 2000 B. C. These early cultures were from the Poverty Point Period and were followed by the Baytown Period . . . — Map (db m104039) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — President McKinley Visits the "Land of Cotton"
When William McKinley, the 25th president of the United States (1897-1901), visited Vicksburg on May 1, 1901, cotton was “king” in Vicksburg and Warren County, as is evidenced by this arch of cotton bales (each weighing about 450 pounds) . . . — Map (db m104143) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Prince Hall Masonry Founded in Mississippi
This monument marks the site where Prince Hall Masonry in Mississippi was founded by Thomas W. Stringer in 1867 Erected September 22, 1985 by M.W. Stringer Grand Lodge, F.& A.M. Prince Hall Affiliation Edgar Bridges, Sr. Grand . . . — Map (db m104427) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Rosa A. Temple High School
In 1959, Rosa A. Temple High School, named in honor of a beloved long-time school teacher, was built for African Americans and the old school, J. G. H. Bowman High, formerly known as Magnolia Avenue (1924) was closed. Mr. O. W. Sanders served as . . . — Map (db m104081) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Sisters of Mercy
The Sisters of Mercy have contributed to the health, education, and spiritual well-being of the residents of Vicksburg since the arrival of six nuns in 1860. The Cobb House (c. 1830) became their first home and a school for 70 students. During . . . — Map (db m103995) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 20 — Sisters of Mercy — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
Love and Compassion In 1878 the Sisters of Mercy took over the local hospital during a yellow fever epidemic. The hospital was named "Mercy Hospital" and the Catholic nuns served for over 100 years. Cedar Hill . . . — Map (db m109519) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Soldiers Rest C.S.A. Cemetery
Begun May 15, 1866 by Ladies Confederate Cemetery Assn. of Vicksburg. Remains of over 1600 soldiers who died in Vicksburg campaign & siege were re-interred here. — Map (db m50918) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — South Central Bell — 1881 - 1981
The first telephone exchange in Mississippi was installed in Vicksburg, January 10, 1881, at 102 ½ North Washington Street, by the Louisiana Telephone Company, a predecessor of South Central Bell. — Map (db m51183) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Teddy Roosevelt Bear Hunt
On November 12, 1902, the Washington Post reported that President Theodore Roosevelt was headed to Smedes, Mississippi, 25 miles north of Vicksburg, for a 4-day bear hunt. The article said the president "did not anticipate the pleasure of killing a . . . — Map (db m105436) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Temple Anshe Chesed Cemetery
This site is the second Jewish cemetery in Vicksburg. The exact location of the first cemetery has not been determined. The first burial here was that of Meyer Meyer on May 16, 1865. Four rabbis who served this congregation have their final resting . . . — Map (db m50910) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — The Vicksburg & Queen of the West
On February 2, 1863, the U.S.S. Queen of the West, a converted ram, attacked the C.S.S. Vicksburg, then lying at the city's landing. Almost completely destroyed in the action, the Vicksburg's engines were removed and sent to . . . — Map (db m103748) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 140 — The Blue Room
Front One of the most storied night spots in the South, the Blue Room, which stood across the street at 602 Clay Street, was operated for more than thirty years by flamboyant owner Tom Wince. Ray Charles, Fats Domino, B. B. King, Dinah . . . — Map (db m103897) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — The Making of a City
The City of Vicksburg was founded in 1819 by Newit Vick, a Methodist minister. He died of yellow fever before the town could be laid out, however, leaving that task to his son-in-law, John Lane. Incorporated in 1825 with a population of 180, the . . . — Map (db m104040) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — The Nation's Most Destructive Flood
Torrential rains in the fall of 1926 and spring of 1927 set the stage for one of our Nation's worst natural disasters. Levees held back the water until breaks occurred at Mound Landing, MS and Pendleton, AR on April 21, 1927. Bt the time the . . . — Map (db m104138) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 33 — The Red Tops
Front Between 1953 and 1974 the Vicksburg-based Red Tops entertained legions of dancers with their distinctive mix of blues, jazz, and pop. Under the strict direction of drummer and manager Walter Osborne, the group developed a devoted . . . — Map (db m103896) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — The Selection of a President
On a February day in 1861 as Jefferson and Varina Davis were pruning roses on the lawn at Brierfield, their home south of Vicksburg, a messenger arrived informing Davis that he had been elected president of the Confederate States of America. Mrs. . . . — Map (db m104037) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — The Sinking of Cairo
On December 12, 1862, on the Yazoo River, a Confederate torpedo tore open Cairo's bow. The Union gunboat sank in 12 minutes. Cairo became the first armored warship sunk by an electrically detonated mine. The torpedo which sank Cairo . . . — Map (db m89283) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — The Steamer Sprague
The largest and most powerful sternwheel towboat ever launched (318 feet long, 61 feet wide), the steamer Sprague, was constructed in 1901 by the Dubuque Boat and Boiler Works in Iowa for the Monongehela River Consolidated Coal and Coke . . . — Map (db m104134) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — The Steamer Sultana
On April 24, 1865, the Sultana left Vicksburg with over 2,300 Union soldiers aboard, many of whom were former prisoners of war. Some 200 civilians were also on board, despite a legal limit of 376 people. Due to a faulty boiler, the . . . — Map (db m103749) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — The Sultana's Last Voyage
The Sultana, a side-wheel steamboat built in Cincinnati in 1863, was 260' long and was designed to carry only 376 people along with its cargo. On April 24, 1865, the Sultana docked in Vicksburg to pick up Union soldiers recently released from . . . — Map (db m103996) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — The Vicksburg Garden Clubs and Planters Hall
Vicksburg's first Garden Club was founded by Hester Craig Flowers in 1931 to "further the interest in home flower gardens and general beautification of the city." By 1943, membership had grown to a point that the members were divided into twelve . . . — Map (db m104125) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Tobias Gibson
Homesite of "Father of Methodism" in Mississippi. Sent, 1799 to Mississippi Territory as missionary, he founded many of its early churches. He is buried on Crawford Street Church lawn. — Map (db m89738) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — U.S. Marine Hospital
Established, 1853, for care of ill or disabled merchant seamen. Three-story brick building on this site was used as hospital until 1873 and demolished in 1892. — Map (db m69771) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — U.S.S. Cairo — Engine and Boilers, 1862 — National Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark
The Cairo is the sole survivor of the fleet of river gunboats built by the Union during the Civil War with the object of controlling the lower Mississippi River. Designed by Samuel Pook and built by James B. Eads, the 175-foot ironclad . . . — Map (db m35953) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Vicksburg
Founded 1820 and named for the Rev. Newitt Vick. Was originally site of Spanish Ft. Nogales. Later was U.S. Ft. McHenry. On July 4, 1863 the city surrendered to Gen. Grant. — Map (db m51186) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Vicksburg Siege
Beginning on May 16, 1863, Gen. U.S. Grant held city under siege, cutting off all supplies & driving citizens to caves to escape shells. C.S.A. Gen. John C. Pemberton finally surrendered July 4. — Map (db m39572) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Vicksburg Waterfront Circa 1907
The river determined the location of Vicksburg to be on the hills above the Mississippi, safe from floods. The river was the highway of Mid-America, the lifeblood of the town and a haven for flatboats, barges, snag boats, dredges, steamboats and . . . — Map (db m103987) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Vicksburg's Original Floodwall
Vicksburg's first floodwall, built to keep annual spring flood waters from disrupting commercial activity along Levee Street, was completed in 1924. It was financed on a shared basis agreement between the City of Vicksburg, the Yazoo and Mississippi . . . — Map (db m104062) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Vicksburg-Warren-County Memorial.
Let us hold in honored memory those who died for their country in the World War 1917-1918 — Map (db m109893) WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Warren County War Memorial
{Front-South} Lest We Forget Here are recorded the names of Mississippians from Warren County who gave their lives in order that we, trusting in God, shall not fear the power of adversaries. Grant unto them, O . . . — Map (db m109891) WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Washington Street — Vickburg's Commercial Center
Washington Street became the commercial center of Vicksburg in 1839 when a fire destroyed the downtown area on Main Street. This scene, c.1912 shows the 1400 block looking north toward the Yazoo Canal. In the early 20th century, Vicksburg was the . . . — Map (db m103988) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 14 — Willie Dixon
(front) Willie Dixon, often called “the poet laureate of the blues,” was born in Vicksburg on July 1, 1915. As a songwriter, producer, arranger, and bass player, Dixon shaped the sound of Chicago blues in the 1950s and '60s with . . . — Map (db m69778) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — "A Most Delightful Reunion"
Imagine the open fields in front of you covered with tents 
and crowded with white-bearded men. In October 1917, 
as the United States entered World War I, this rolling 
landscape played host to thousands of Vicksburg veterans. . . . — Map (db m109424) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — "This is Murder!"
They were all volunteers-and unmarried—those 150 Union men called the "Forlorn Hope." Powerful cannon had pounded the Confederates for four straight hours. Laden with planks and hastily built ladders, they struggled up the road in front of . . . — Map (db m109458) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — C.S. Alabama Battery — Stevenson's Division; Army of Vicksburg.
Capt. J.F. Waddell. A detachment of the battery, under Lieut. R. H. Bellamy, served one 6-pounder gun in this position, Railroad Redoubt, from May 18 to a little before 10 o'clock the forenoon of May 22, 1863, when its ammunition . . . — Map (db m109596) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — C.S. Appeal (Arkansas) Battery; — Maury's- Forney's Div.; Army of Vicksburg
Capt. William N. Hogg; Lieut. Christopher C. Scott; Lieut. Robert N. Cotten. A detachment of the battery, under Lieut. Christopher C. Scott, served one 3-inch rifle 
in this position from May 
18 to about May 30, . . . — Map (db m110765) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — C.S. Appeal (Arkansas) Battery; — Maury's-Forney's Div.; Army of Vicksburg.
Capt. William N. Hogg; Lieut. Christopher C. Scott; Lieut. Robert N. Cotten. A detachment of the battery, under Lieut. 
Christopher C. Scott served one 3-inch rifle in 
this position, Third Louisiana Redan, from May . . . — Map (db m109651) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — C.S. Company A, — 14th Mississippi Light Art. Battalion; — Smith's Division; Army of Vicksburg.
The first section of the company, under Lieuts. T.H. Cunningham and B.T. Mathews, served two 12-pounder howitzers in this position from about June 15 to the end of the defense, July 4, 1863. — Map (db m109451) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — C.S. Company A, — 1st Mississippi Light Art. Battalion; — Maury's-Forney's Div.: Army of Vicksburg.
Capt. S. J. Ridley; Lieut. Charles E. Hooker; Lieut. P. B. Lancaster. 
 One section of the company, under Lieut. P. B. Lancaster, served two 12-pounder howitzers in this position, near Fort Hill, from the morning of May 19. . . . — Map (db m110839) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — C.S. Company B, — 14th Mississippi Light Art. Battalion; — Smith's Division; Army of Vicksburg.
Capt. J.H Yates The second section of the company, under Lieut. W. J. Shelton, served two 6-pounder guns and one 24-pounder siege gun in this position, Fort Hill, from the morning of May 19 to about June 12, when the siege gun was . . . — Map (db m110841) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — C.S. Company C, — 14th Mississippi Light Art. Battalion; — Smith's Division; Army of Vicksburg.
Lieut. F.W. Merrin The company, under Capt. Jacob Culbertson, was engaged in the battle of Champion Hill, May 16,attached to Loring's division. At the close of that battle one section, under Capt. Culbertson, moved to Crystal Springs . . . — Map (db m110745) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — C.S. Company E, — 1st Mississippi Light Artillery; — Maury's-Forney's Div.; Army of Vicksburg.
Capt. Newit J. Drew; Lieut. W.J. Duncan. The company, under Lieut. W.J. Duncan, served pieces, number, kind and caliber unknown, on the line of Lee's brigade in undetermined positions from May 18 to the end of the defense, July . . . — Map (db m109592) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — C.S. Hudson's (Mississippi) Battery; — Stevenson's Division; Army of Vicksburg.
Lieut. J.R. Sweaney; Lieut. M.H. Trantham. The battery was engaged in the battle of Port Gibson, May 1, casualties, wounded 20. One section, under Lieut. E. S. Walton, served two 12-pounder howitzers in this position, railroad . . . — Map (db m109595) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — C.S. Johnston's Company, — Tennessee Heavy Artillery; — River Batteries; Army of Vicksburg.
Capt. T. N. Johnston. A detachment of the company served one 3-inch rifle in this position, Fort Hill, from May 19 to the end of defense, July 4, 1863. — Map (db m109453) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — C.S. Marks' Company, 22D Louisiana; — River Batteries; Army of Vicksburg.
C.S. Marks' Company, 22D Louisiana; River Batteries; Army of Vicksburg. Capt. Washington Marks. A detachment of the company, under Lieut. Samuel Barnes, served one 10-inch Columbiad in this position from . . . — Map (db m105448) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — C.S. Vaiden (Mississippi) Battery; — River Batteries: Army of Vicksburg.
Capt. S.C. Bains.
A detachment of the battery, under Lieut. E.L. Wood, served one 12-pounder howitzer in this position from May 23 to the end of the defense July 4, 1863. — Map (db m109594) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — C.S. Waul's Texas Legion; Army of Vicksburg — Colonel T.N. Waul
First Battalion (Infantry), Lieut. Col. Barnard Timmons Second Battalion (Infantry), Lieut. Col. James Wrigley Zouave Battalion (Infantry), Captain J.B. Fleitas Cavalry Detachment, Lieut. Thomas J. Cleveland Artillery Company, Captain . . . — Map (db m110834) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U S Missouri 11th Infantry
15th Corps 3rd Division Second Brigade Brig. Gen. Joseph A. Mower 11th Infantry Major Eli Bowyer Colonel Andrew J. Weber Lieut. Col. William L. Barnum Killed 7, wounded 92, missing 3, total 102: Col. Andrew J. . . . — Map (db m110102) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. 2D Artillery; — Ohio Light Artillery — 12th Div.; 13th Corps; Army of the Tennessee.
Lieut. Augustus Beach. The battery served four 6-pounder guns and 
two 12-pounder howitzers on the investment line 
from the morning of May 21 to May 24, when it 
went with the 1st Brigade, 9th Division, 13th . . . — Map (db m109626) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. Battery A, — 2D Illinois Light Artillery; — 14th Div.; 13th Corps: Army of the Tennessee.
Lieut. Jacob C. Hansel; Lieut. Frank B. Fenton; Capt. Peter Davidson. The battery served two James rifles, one 10-
pounder Parrott rifle and one 6-pounder gun in this 
position from the morning of May 22 to about June . . . — Map (db m109624) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. Battery B, — 1st Illinois Light Artillery; — 2D Div.; 15th Corps: Army of the Tennessee.
Capt. Samuel E. Barrett; Lieut. Israel P. Rumsey. The battery, May 19, served four 6-pounder guns 
and two 12-pounder howitzers on this ridge and 
to the left of this tablet, which marks the 
position of the . . . — Map (db m109740) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. Battery B, — 1st Illinois Light Artillery; — 2D Div.; 15th Corps; Army of the Tennessee.
Capt. Samuel E. Barrett; Lieut. Israel P. Rumsey. The battery served four 6-pounder guns 
and two 12-pounder howitzers in this position from the morning of May 22 to the evening of May 26, when it went with the force under . . . — Map (db m110734) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. Battery E, — 1st Illinois Light Artillery; — 3D Div.; 15th Corps: Army of the Tennessee.
Lieut. John A. Fitch; Capt. Allen C. Waterhouse. A detachment of the battery served one 30-pounder Parrott rifle in this position, Battery Jenny, from about June 5 to June 22, 1863, when the battery moved with the 1st and 3D . . . — Map (db m109737) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. Battery H, — 1st Illinois Light Artillery; — 2D Div.; 15th Corps; Army of the Tennessee.
Capt. Levi W. Hart. The battery served four 20-pounder Parrott rifles from about May 27 and one 30-pounder Parrott rifle from about May 30, to about June 10, in this position, when the right section, under Lieut. Francis DeGress, . . . — Map (db m110733) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. Detached for Service on Gunboats; — Twenty Ninth Illinois Infantry (Detachment). — Army of the Tennessee.
Companies D and K were assigned to duty on gunboats by order 
of Major General U.S. Grant, dated February 18, 1863; Company 
D, under Captain Eberlee P. H. Stone served during the campaign and 
siege of Vicksburg on gunboat "Tyler" . . . — Map (db m109750) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. Detached for Service on Gunboats; — One Hundred and First Illinois Infantry (Detachment). — Army of the Tennessee.
Company A was detailed for service on gunboats, March 6, 1863, 
its operations after that date during the campaign and siege of 
Vicksburg are not of record; Company D served for a time at Gen. 
Grant's headquarters and, later, was . . . — Map (db m109752) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. Detached for Service on Gunboats; — Fifty Eighth Ohio Infantry — Army of the Tennessee.
This regiment was detailed for service on gunboats by order
 of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, dated February 6, 1863; before 
that date it was attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 15th Corps,
 Army of the Tennessee. Casualties: . . . — Map (db m109753) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. Logan's Approach
Beginning of Logan's approach to the Confederate Third Louisiana Redan. Work on it commenced, May 26, 1863, in charge of Capt. A. Hickenlooper, Chief Engineer, 17th Army Corps. — Map (db m109646) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. Logan's Approach.
End of Logan’s approach to the 
Confederate Third Louisiana redan; carried 
to this point, June 22, and a gallery 
for a mine begun next day. The 
gallery carried 40 feet to the front 
and a mine at its head, charged . . . — Map (db m109648) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. 11th Battery, — Ohio Light Artillery; — 7th Div.; 17th Corps; Army of the Tennessee.
Lieut. Cyrus Sears; Lieut. Fletcher E. Armstrong; Capt. Frank C. Sands. The battery served two 6-pounder guns, two 
12-pounder howitzers and two James rifles on the 
investment line from May 19 to May 26, when it . . . — Map (db m109631) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. 17th Battery. — Ohio Light Artillery; — 10th Div.: 13th Corps: Army of the Tennessee.
Capt. Ambrose A. Blount: Capt. Charles S. Rice. The 2d section, under Lieut. William Hunt, served two 10 pounder Parrott rifles in this position, "Burnt Chimneys," from the morning of May 21 to about May 25, 1863, . . . — Map (db m104188) HM WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. 1st Battery, — Indiana Light Artillery — 14th Div.: 13th Corps: Army of the Tennessee.
Capt. Martin Klauss. Two sections served four James rifles in this position, "Burnt Chimneys," from about May 22 to the end of the siege, July 4, 1863. Aggregate reported casualties in battery during the campaign and siege: . . . — Map (db m104192) HM WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. 1st Battery, — Indiana Light Artillery; — 14th Div.; 13th Corps; Army of the Tennessee.
Capt. Martin Klauss. One section served two 6-pounder guns in this position from about June 20 to the end of the siege, July 4, 1863. Their fire was especially directed against a bridge across the railroad cut in rear of the . . . — Map (db m109569) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. 1st Battery, Wisconsin Light Artillery;
U.S. 1st Battery, Wisconsin Light Artillery; 9th Div.; 13th Corps; Army of the Tennessee. Lieut. Charles B. Kimball; Lieut. Oscar F. Nutting. The right section of the battery served two . . . — Map (db m103764) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. 3D Battery, — Ohio Light Artillery; — 3D Div.; 17th Corps; Army of the Tennessee.
Capt. William S. Williams. The battery served two 6-pounder guns and four James rifles in this position from about May 25 to June 6, when one of the 6-pounder guns was moved to an advanced battery on right of Jackson Road. The other . . . — Map (db m109784) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. 3rd Div. 17th Corps Army of the Tennessee — 8th Battery Michigan Light Artillery
Capt. Samuel DeGolyer Lieut. Theodore Lockwood The battery served two 12-pounder howitzers and four James rifles 
in this position from about May 25, to the end of the siege 
July 4, 1863, except that one 12 pounder . . . — Map (db m109780) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. 4th Battery, — Ohio Light Artillery; — 1st Div.; 15th Corps; Army of the Tennessee.
. . . — Map (db m110093) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. 6th Battery, — Wisconsin Light Artillery — 7th Div.; 17th Corps; Army of the Tennessee.
Capt. Henry Dillon; Lieut. Samuel F. Clark. The battery served its pieces in temporary positions near the Jackson Road from May 19 to about May 31. One section served two 12-pounder howitzers in this position from about May 31 to . . . — Map (db m109637) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. 8th Battery, — Ohio Light Artillery — 2D Div.; 15th Corps; Army of the Tennessee.
Capt. James F. Putnam. The battery served two 30-pounder Parrott rifles in this position from about May 24 to the end of the siege, July 4, 1863. — Map (db m109798) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. Battery A, — 1st Missouri Light Artillery; — 12th Div.: 13th Corps; Army of the Tennessee.
Capt. George W. Schofield. The battery served four pieces, kind and caliber 
unknown, in this position from about May 26. It
 also served the four 24-pounder siege guns on the 
line of Hovey's division, in a . . . — Map (db m109622) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. Battery B, — 1st Illinois Light Artillery; — 2D Div.: 15th Corps; Army of the Tennessee.
Capt. Samuel E. Barrett; Lieut. Israel P. Rumsey. The left section of the battery served its pieces in this position from the morning of May 20, 1863, to the evening of the next day. — Map (db m109731) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. Battery C, — 1st Missouri Light Artillery; — 6th Div.; 17th Corps; Army of the Tennessee.
Capt. Charles Mann. The battery served two 6-pounder guns and two 
12-pounder howitzers on this ridge from about May 
24 to the evening of May 26, when one section, under 
Lieut. Clemens Goedde, went with the . . . — Map (db m109858) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. Battery F, — 2D Missouri Light Artillery; — 1st Div.; 15th Corps; Army of the Tennessee.
Capt. Clemens Landgraeber. The battery served two 12-pounder howitzers and four James rifles in a battery, not in the park and about 15 yards West of this tablet, from May 19 to the end of the siege, July 4, 1863. Aggregate reported . . . — Map (db m109803) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. Battery G, — 2D Illinois Light Artillery; — 3d Div.; 17th Corps; Army of the Tennessee.
Capt. Frederick Sparrestrom; Lieut. John W. Lowell. By a collision between the transports "Horizon" 
and "Moderator", about 3 a.m., May 1, while the battery 
was crossing the river to Bruinsburg, Mississippi, . . . — Map (db m109632) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. Battery H, — 1st Illinois Light Artillery; — 2D Div.: 15th Corps; Army of the Tennessee.
. . . — Map (db m109742) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. Battery L. — 2D Illinois Light Artillery; — 3D Div.; 17th Corps; Army of the Tennessee.
Capt. William H. Bolton. The battery served four James rifles in this 
position from about May 25 to the end of the siege 
July 4, 1863, except that after about June 15, one 
rifle, in charge of a daily detail . . . — Map (db m109643) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. Carr's Approach
Beginning of Carr's right approach to the Confederate railroad redoubt was in cut immediately at left of this marker. Work on it commenced about June 2, 1863; carried along the railroad from here to the next marker. — Map (db m109570) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. Carr's Approach.
Beginning of Carr's sap from second parallel to the Confederate railroad redoubt. Work on it commenced June 25. — Map (db m109577) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. Ewing's Approach.
Beginning of Ewing's Approach to the Confederate Stockade Redan. Work on it begun, May 23, 1863, by details from his brigade and from 1st and 3D brigades, 3D Division, 15th Corps. — Map (db m109733) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — U.S. Yost's Independent Ohio Battery; — 3D Div.; 17th Corps; Army of the Tennessee.
Capt. T.D. Yost. The battery was Company F. 32D Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, prior to the Battle of Champion Hill, May 16. Two 12-pounder guns and four 3-inch rifles captured in that battle were turned over to it. Two sections . . . — Map (db m110768) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — 23rd Wisconsin Infantry Camp — May 19-July 4 1863
23rd Wisconsin Infantry Camp May 19-July 4 1863 In Ravine Below Marker — Map (db m104263) HM WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — 47th Ohio Infantry Regimental Monument
Ohio Forty Seventh Infantry; Col. Augustus C. Parry. 3rd Brig.; 2D Div.; 15th Corps. — Map (db m110289) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — A Crew of Immigrants
Had you stepped aboard the USS Cairo during the Civil War, the conversations may have surprised you. So many languages! Stroll the decks and you might have heard French, Danish, Russian, German, and accents from Ireland, England, and the . . . — Map (db m109464) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — A Stronghold on the Bluffs
In mid-19th century America, rivers were highways. And the Mississippi was the greatest of them all—the nation's main artery for commerce leading all the way to the Gulf of Mexico. By early 1863, two Confederate strongholds still blocked . . . — Map (db m109452) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — A Ton an Hour - USS Cairo
Look down to your left to see one of Cairo's restored firebox doors. Coal shoveled into the fireboxes heated the boilers. Steam from the boilers powered Cairo's engines and drove the paddle wheel. A gunboat without steam could not move . . . — Map (db m110400) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Affair of the Crater; June 25-26, 1863. — Union Position Tablet
A mine, at the head of Logan’s approach to the third Louisiana 
redan, was begun on June 23, finished the forenoon of June 25 
and charged with 2200 pounds of powder. Leggett's (1st) brigade 
of Logan’s (3D) division, 17th Corps, . . . — Map (db m109722) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Andrew Hickenlooper
Captain Fifth Ohio Battery Chief Engineer 17th Army Corps March 29—July 4, 1863 Logan's Approach and the mines at its head under the Confederate Third Louisiana Redan were under his personal direction ______ Given by . . . — Map (db m110730) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Artillery, The King of Battle
The types of cannon you see here all saw action during the Vicksburg fighting. For centuries, artillery had ruled the battlefield. By the time of the Civil War, advances like rifled barrels, improved aiming and ignition had made cannon more . . . — Map (db m104199) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Assault on the Confederate Line of Defense, May 19. — Campaign, Siege, and Defense of Vicksburg; 1863.
The Union Army under command of Maj Gen. U. S. Grant was 
composed of three divisions of the 13th, the 15th, and the 17th Corps. The Confederate Army, under command of Lieut. Gen. John C. Pemberton, was composed of Stevenson’s, Forney’s, . . . — Map (db m110827) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Assault on the Confederate Line of Defense, May 22. — Campaign, Siege, and Defense of Vicksburg; 1863.
The Union Army, under command of Maj. Gen. U. S. Grant, was composed of the 13th, 15th, and 17th Corps. The Confederate Army, under command of Lieut. Gen. John C. Pemberton, was composed of Stevenson’s, Forney’s, Smith's and Bowen’s Divisions, and . . . — Map (db m110830) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Battle for Vicksburg
During the 19th century, rivers meant trade and transit—none more than the Mississippi. This mighty artery of commerce was the nation's single greatest economic feature. In late 1862, Vicksburg remained the primary Confederate stronghold along . . . — Map (db m104226) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Battle of Champion's Hill, Mississippi, May 16. — Campaign, Siege, and Defense of Vicksburg; 1863.
The Union Army, under command of Maj. Gen. U. S. Grant, was composed of the 13th Corps, Blair’s division of the 15th Corps, and Logan’s and Crocker’s Divisions of the 17th Corps. The Confederate Army, under command of Lieut. Gen. John C. Pemberton, . . . — Map (db m110826) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Battle of Port Gibson, Mississippi, May 1. — Campaign, Siege, and Defense of Vicksburg; 1863.
The Union Army under command of Maj. Gen. U. S. Grant was 
composed of the 13th Corps and Logan's Division of the 17th Corps. 
The Confederate Army, under command of Brig. Gen. John S. Bowen, 
was composed of Tracy’s, Cockrell's, . . . — Map (db m110216) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Blasting Their Way
Direct assaults on the Confederate fortifications on
 May 19 and 22 ended in heavy Union losses. With
 Vicksburg's defenses holding strong. Grant changed
 tactics and ordered a formal siege. Here, at Third
 Louisiana Redan, . . . — Map (db m109354) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Boomer's Brigade: Assault, May 22, 1863. — Second Position — Union Position Tablet
This brigade moved from its first position, on the left of 
Stevenson's brigade of Logan's division, about 3 p.m., reported
 to Gen. Carr about 4 p.m. and was ordered to assault the Confederate
 curtain between the lunette on the . . . — Map (db m109552) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Briefly Breaching the Line
At daybreak on May 22, 1863, hundreds of Federal cannon opened fire. The second Union attempt to take Vicksburg began. Three miles of Confederate fortifications were bombarded for four hours. Then the Union guns fell silent. Troops charged . . . — Map (db m109327) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Brig. Gen. Edward D. Tracy
Commanding 2nd Brigade Stevenson's Division Army of Vicksburg Killed in the Battle of Port Gibson May 1 1863 Map (db m110515) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Buckland's Brigade; Assaults, May 19 and May 22, 1863. — Union Position Tablet.
The afternoon of May 19, this brigade was in support of Blair's Division–the 72nd Ohio in front on the right of the road and the 95th Ohio in its rear, the 114th Illinois on the left of the road and the 93D Indiana on its left. About dusk that . . . — Map (db m109735) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — C S Headquarters
Waul's Texas Legion Army of Vicksburg Col. T.N. Waul May 19 – July 4 1863
About 300 yards west of this tabletMap (db m109926) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — C S Missouri — Supporting Third Louisiana
Sixth Infantry June 25 – July 4 Killed 11, wounded 74 total 85 Col. Eugene Erwin, Lieuts. W.S. Lipscomb, John T. Crenshaw and John Roseberry killed 5th Infantry June 25 – July 4 . . . — Map (db m110718) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Campaign, Siege and Defense of Vicksburg, 1863. — Operations of the River Batteries, March 29-July 4. — *C*S*
The river batteries, under command of Colonel Edward Higgins, C.S. Artillery, were served by six companies of Tennessee Heavy Artillery on the right, four companies of the 8th Louisiana Heavy Artillery Battalion in the center and eight companies . . . — Map (db m89100) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Capstan - USS Cairo
This powerful winch helped the crew haul heavy lines, move guns on the gun deck, and pull in the anchor. Steam from the boilers powered the capstan. In an emergency, this essential tool was turned by hand with wooden spokes inserted into the hub at . . . — Map (db m110402) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Chicago Mercantile Battery. — Capt. Patrick H. White — 10th.Div.,13th Corps.
In the assault, May 22, 1863, one gun of the battery was dragged by hand, with the assistance of enlisted men of Benton's and Burbridge's brigades to a position within a few yards of the Confederate lunette on the Baldwin's Ferry . . . — Map (db m104183) HM WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Chimneys - USS Cairo
The tall wooden stacks you see towering above the boat are skeletal reproductions of the original chimneys. When Cairo sank, its smoke stacks were visible above the surface of the water. A sister boat, the Pittsburg, knocked down the . . . — Map (db m110368) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Dash of Courage
On May 19, 1863, the 55th Ilinois Infantry was pinned down by enemy fire and running out of ammunition. Orion P. Howe, a 14-year-old musician, volunteered to run back and get more. On the way, he was wounded. He found General Sherman near this . . . — Map (db m109454) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Edward D. Tracy
Brig General C S Army Commanding 2nd Brigade Stevensons Division March 29 — May 1 1863 _______ Major 12th Ala. Inf. July 17 1861 Lt. Col. 19th Ala. Inf. Aug. 12 1861 Brig. Gen. C.S. Army Aug. 16 1862 Killed in Battle May . . . — Map (db m110511) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Engagement at Jackson, Mississippi, May 14. — Campaign, Siege, and Defense of Vicksburg; 1863.
The Union Army, under command of Maj. Gen. U.S. Grant,
 was composed of Steele's and Tuttle's Divisions, 15th Corps, Maj. 
Gen. Wm. T. Sherman commanding; and Logan's and Crocker’s Divisions, 
17th Corps, Maj. Gen. James B. . . . — Map (db m110224) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Engagement at Raymond, Mississippi, May 12. — Campaign, Siege, and Defense of Vicksburg; 1863.
The Union Army under command of Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson,
 was composed of the Third and Seventh Divisions, 17th Corps. The 
Confederate Army, under command of Brig. Gen. John Gregg, was 
composed of Gregg's brigade and a . . . — Map (db m110218) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Eugene A. Carr — Brig. General U.S. Vols. — Commanding 14th Division Thirteenth Army Corps
Cadet U. S. Military Academy 1846 
Bvt. 2nd Lt. Mtd. Rifles July 1 1850 
Second Lieutenant June 30 1851 
First Lieut. 1st Cav. March 3 1855 
Captain June 11 1858 
Trans. To 4th Cav. Aug, 3 1861 
Colonel 3rd . . . — Map (db m109958) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Eugene Erwin
Col. 6-th Mo. C.S. Infty Killed in battle June 25 1863Map (db m110722) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Explore the Defenses
In order to guard Vicksburg from Union attack, the Confederates built a ring of forts around the city's north, east, and south sides. You are standing at the northernmost point of those defenses. From here, the tour road travels east then south . . . — Map (db m110173) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Final Resting Place, With Dignity
Gaining control of Vicksburg and the Mississippi River cost so many lives-more than 10,000 Union dead. In the aftermath of battle, the dead were often buried hastily in makeshift graves. At hundreds of Civil War battle sites the remains of . . . — Map (db m109429) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Frederick E. Prime
Captain U.S. Engineers Chief Engineer Army of the Tennessee March 29 — June 27, 1863 — Map (db m110690) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Full Steam Ahead!
Steam-driven propulsion systems like the one you see here powered riverboats churning up and down western rivers in the mid-1800s. Cairo's engines and boilers are among the oldest and best surviving examples of this type of machinery. . . . — Map (db m109468) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Gibraltar of the Confederacy
Vital supplies of food, clothing, medicine, European-made rifles and soldiers arrived here from the south and west. They were then shipped by rail to the troops fighting in the east. By early 1863, Vicksburg and Port Hudson, Louisiana, were the last . . . — Map (db m105445) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Giles A. Smith
Upper plaque Giles A. Smith Capt. 8th Mo. Inf. June 14 1861 Lieut. Colonel June 12 1862 Brig. Gen. U.S. Vols Aug. 4, 1863 Maj. Gen of Vols. Nov. 24 1865 Lower plaque . . . — Map (db m109856) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Grant’s Headquarters
When Union forces arrived at Vicksburg, Union General
 Ulysses S. Grant chose a wood frame house near here as
 his headquarters. But the house ended up serving a very
 different purpose. During the night of May 21, 1863,
 . . . — Map (db m109347) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Hog Chains - USS Cairo
Ironclad gunboats had long, flat-bottomed hulls to navigate shallow rivers. Loaded with heavy boilers, engines and guns, the hull tended to droop at the ends from uneven weight. This caused the center of the boat to hump up like a hog's . . . — Map (db m110398) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Hugh Ewing
Brig · General U·S·Vols Commanding Third Brigade 2nd Division 15th Corps March 29-July 4 1863 — Map (db m110714) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Illinois 118th Infantry. — Col. John G. Fonda. — 1st Brig., 9th Div., 13th Corps.
Casualties: Port Gibson, May 1, 1863, killed 1, wounded 16, total 17; Champion's Hill, May 16, killed 2, wounded 3, total 5, Capt. Alexander W. Geddes and Lieut. Thomas B. White killed; Assault, May 19, wounded 8; . . . — Map (db m110534) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Illinois 29th Infantry. [Detachment.] — Companies D and K. — Army of the Tennessee.
Co. D. Capt. Eberlee P.H. Stone, Served on Gunboat "Tyler" and on U.S.S. "Tuscumbia." Co. K. Capt. Elijah P. Curtis. Served with detachments of other companies on Gunboat "Petrel." Casualties: Co. D. Bombardment Grand . . . — Map (db m109792) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Illinois 33D Infantry — Col. Charles E. Lippincott — 1st Brig. 14th Div. 13th Corps.
Casualties: Port Gibson, May 1, 1863, wounded 13. Champion's Hill, May 16, killed 1, wounded 2; total 3. Big Black River Bridge, May 17, wounded 13, In skirmishers, May 18, 20 and 21, Capt. Henry M. Kellogg killed, . . . — Map (db m109961) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Illinois 99th Infantry.
Col. George W.K. Bailey; Capt. Asa C. Matthews; Lieut. Col. Lemuel Parke. 1st Brig., 14th Div., 13th Corps. Casualties: Port Gibson, May 1, 1863, killed 4, wounded 19, total 23; Big Black River Bridge, May . . . — Map (db m109962) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Illinois Battery H, — 1st Light Artillery.
Capt. Levi W. Hart
2D Div., 15th Corps. Casualties: Skirmishes, May 18, 20 and 21, 1863, killed 1. — Map (db m110707) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Illinois. — 130th Infantry.
Assault, May 22, 1863. Killed 10, wounded 31, Total 41. Capt. William M. Colby killed. — Map (db m109579) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Illinois. 77th Infantry.
Assault, May 22, 1863. Killed 19, wounded 85, missing 26, total 130. — Map (db m109923) HM WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Indiana 1st Battery Light Artillery — 14th Division 13th Corps
. . . — Map (db m109975) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Indiana 1st Brig. 10th Div. 13th Corps — 60th Infantry / 16th Infantry / 67th Infantry
Indiana 1st Brig. 10th Div. 13th Corps 60th Infantry Colonel Richard Owen, Guard at Perkins' Landing, Louisiana, from April 28 to about May 28. Engaged: Siege, June 1-June 22. Duty at Black River . . . — Map (db m104273) HM WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Indiana 6th Battery Light Artillery — 1st Division 16th Corps
Captain Michael Mueller Served on the exterior line in the vicinity of Haynes' Bluff and at Oak Ridge from about June 12, to the end of the siege, July 4. — Map (db m109794) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Indiana 8th Infantry
Indiana 8th Infantry 1st Brig.14th Div. 13th Corps Sharpshooter Line May 23 - July 4, 1863. — Map (db m104274) HM WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Indiana Company C, 1st Cavalry — 12th Division 13th Corps
Captain William McReynolds Escort at division headquarters during campaign and siege. — Map (db m109929) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Indiana Company C, 4th Cavalry. — 10th Division 13th Corps
Indiana 10th Division 13th Corps Company C, 4th Cavalry. Captain Joseph R. Leslie Captain Andrew P. Gallagher Escort at division headquarters during campaign and siege. — Map (db m104262) HM WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Iowa — 22nd Infantry — 2nd Brigade, 14th Division, 13th Corps
Assault May 22, 1863 Sergt. Joseph E. Griffith, Sergt. N. C. Messenger and about 12 other enlisted men of the regiment entered this redoubt at its salient angle where a breach had been made by the Union Artillery. . . . — Map (db m109605) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Iowa 21st Infantry
2D Brig. 14th Div. 13th Corps Casualties Killed 16 wounded 87 missing 10 Total 113 Lieut. Col. Cornelius W. Dunlap killed Lieuts. Samuel Bates and William A. Roberts mortally wounded — Map (db m109924) HM WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Iowa 24th Infantry
2D Brig. 12th Div. 13th Corps Camp June 4 – July 4 1863 in second ravine east and about 800 yards southeast of marker Map (db m109931) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Iowa 28th Infantry
2D Brig. 12th Div. 13th Corps Camp June 4 – July 4 1863 In second ravine east and about 900 yards southeast of marker Map (db m109927) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Iowa 2nd Battery
2D Battery; Lieut. Joseph R. Reed. 3D Div; 15th Corps. Casualties: In the engagement at Jackson, May 14, 1863, wounded 1; In the assault, May 22, wounded 3; and during the siege, killed 1, wounded 2, total 3. . . . — Map (db m110049) HM

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