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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Madison County Montana Historical Markers

 
Anaconda Hotel Marker image, Touch for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, August 6, 2009
Anaconda Hotel Marker
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Anaconda Hotel(Fairweather Inn)
The oldest section of this building, dating to 1863, was first a simple one-story building which housed a restaurant called the “Young American Eating House.” A butcher shop followed from 1866 to the 1880s, and then in the 1880s the . . . — Map (db m49474) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Barlett’s Blacksmith Shop
Virginia City boomed and land prices soared accordingly in 1863 and 1864, a trend well illustrated in the earliest ownership transactions of this choice commercial property. On May 13, 1864, George Parker paid $800 for the lot and sold it for $1400 . . . — Map (db m49441) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Boot Hill
This was Virginia City’s first Cemetery. There were many markers here, but only those of the road agents and Daltons remain. The road agent’s graves, which gave the Cemetery its name Boot Hill, were first marked by the city in 1907. William & Clara . . . — Map (db m49490) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Dance and Stuart Store
James Stuart and his brother Granville set up the first sluice boxes in the northern Rockies in 1852. Delaware native Walter B. Dance came to Gold Creek in 1862. James Stuart and Dance opened their mercantile in November, 1863. One of Virginia . . . — Map (db m49442) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Elling Bank
Bankers Nowlan and Weary set up business in this brick-veneered building, one of the town’s oldest stone structures, in 1864. Three well-proportioned gothic arches with elaborate tracery, removed during 1910 remodeling, originally graced this stone . . . — Map (db m49486) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — F.R. Merk Block
Gold dust was the common currency when George Higgins built this sturdy “fire-proof stone” business block circa 1866. F.R. Merk leased the new building for his mercantile, advertising fancy and staple groceries, liquors, Queensware, . . . — Map (db m49440) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Finney House
Construction layers of this original homestead tell much of Nevada City’s ‘boom and bust’ history. In 1864, miner Frank Finney and his bride, Mary, moved into a cabin on this property that had been constructed the previous year. The cabin forms the . . . — Map (db m49567) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Frank Prasch Blacksmith Shop
Like the blacksmith shop next door, this early building was probably a dance hall or saloon in the mid-1860s run by owner John Trollman. In 1865 Trollman was one of Virginia City’s seventy-three licensed retail liquor dealers. By the 1870, a larger . . . — Map (db m49410) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — G. Goldberg Store(McGovern Dry Goods)
This 1863 building features a classic Greek Revival style storefront with French doors, typical of the 1860s frontier. The lintel above the door still bears the name of G. Goldberg, who ran the Pioneer Clothing Store Company prior to 1866. The . . . — Map (db m49469) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Gallows Barn
Built in the 1890’s for the White Sulfur Springs Sheriff’s Department. In the year 1917 this barn had a legal gallows installed for the execution of three men. These men robbed a train south of White Sulfur Springs and murdered a trainman on January . . . — Map (db m49569) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Green Front Boarding House
These two adjoining log houses were probably built by Calvin Holly and William Douglas as dwellings in the late 1860s. By 1890, the two buildings were operated as “female boarding houses” or house of prostitution run by madames Myrtle . . . — Map (db m49385) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Hangman’s Building
On January 14, 1864 , the Vigilantes used the heavy center support beam of this building, then under construction, to hang five of Henry Plummer’s road agents: Frank Parish, Boone Helm, Jack Gallagher, Haze Lyons and Club Foot George Lane. Druggists . . . — Map (db m49487) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — J.B. LaBeau, Jeweler(Toy Store)
This property contributes to the Virginia City Historic District • Listed in the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of Interior • In cooperation with . . . — Map (db m49471) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — J.F. Stoer Saloon(Bale of Hay Saloon)
Retail liquor dealer J.F. Stoer operated here from the raucous 1860s until about 1890. From that time until 1908, Smith and Boyd who ran the livery next door ran this establishment, aptly renamed the “Bale of Hay.” After 1908, the . . . — Map (db m49390) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Kiskadden’s Stone Block(Vigilante Barn)
Virginia City’s first stone building, constructed during the summer of 1863, originally housed three stores on the ground floor and a meeting hall upstairs. Popular legend has long designated this as the meeting place of the Vigilantes, who . . . — Map (db m49473) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Kramer Building(Dress Shop)
The hasty construction on this remarkably preserved early dwelling reflects the excitement of the gold rush to Alder Gulch during the summer of 1863. Its original dirt-covered pole roof predates the first saw mills; the roof was later covered over . . . — Map (db m49443) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Madison County Pioneers
The gold rush to Alder Creek in 1863 spurred settlement of the Madison Valley, and among the first families to settle here were the Jeffers, the Switzers (whose home is preserved here in Nevada City) and the Careys. Irish-born Nick Carey walked to . . . — Map (db m49565) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Metropolitan Meat Market
George Gohn was one of the first to arrive at Alder Gulch in 1863 where he and Conrad Kohrs set up a meat market in a log cabin. Alkali dust sifted through the chinks and covered the meat prompting Gohn to experiment with various other locations . . . — Map (db m49479) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Montana’s Oldest Standing School
This little log building is Montana’s Oldest Standing Public School, built in 1867 in Twin Bridges, Montana, about 30 miles north of here. It served Twin Bridges until 1873, when the Masons built a two-story building with the first floor for use as . . . — Map (db m49568) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Nevada City
Nine booming gold camps sprawled along remote Alder Gulch in 1863. Nevada City and Virginia City were the largest. In December, 1863, Nevada City’s main street was the scene of the miner’s court and hanging of George Ives. This event was the . . . — Map (db m49563) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Old Masonic Temple
In the top story of his building the Grand Lodge of A.F. & A.M. of Montana was formed on January 24th to 29th AL. 5866 Virginia City Lodge No. 43 of Kansas Montana Lodge No. 9 of Colorado and Helena Lodge No. 10 of Colorado Which are now . . . — Map (db m49485) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Pfouts and Russel(Rank’s Drug – Old Masonic Temple)
Paris Pfouts, Vigilante president and Virginia City’s first mayor, was instrumental in laying out the town. He and his partner, Samuel Russell, built a log store on this site in summer, 1863. Local hell-raiser Jack Slade was arrested here on March . . . — Map (db m49484) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — S.L. Simpson Building(Barber Shop)
This narrow frame building may be one of Virginia City’s earliest structures, dating to the summer of 1863 when buildings like this were rented for up to $175 during the initial gold rush. Its odd-sized door appears to have been locally handmade. . . . — Map (db m49412) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Sauerbier Blacksmith Shop
A notorious dance hall was the original occupant of this 1863 building which encompasses a small cabin of V-notched logs, one of the first built in June of that year. Tall French doors and a few dentils clinging to the facade recall its former dance . . . — Map (db m49407) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Site of First Masonic Meetings
This Monument Marks The Site Wherein Virginia City Lodge No. 43 Of Kansas And Montana Lodge No. 9 Of Colorado Held Their First Meetings. Virginia City Lodge Held Its First Meeting February 27th, AL. 5864. Montana Lodge Held Its First Meeting May . . . — Map (db m89478) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Site of the Trial and Hanging of George Ives
Dec. 21, 1863 Most extraordinary trial in history. — Map (db m49566) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Smith & Boyd Livery Stable
This false-fronted rubble stone barn was constructed by Smith and Boyd circa 1900, replacing a log livery stable. The stone part of the building and the front doors and windows remain as they were at the turn of the century. The barn was converted . . . — Map (db m49387) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Stonewall Hall
From 1865 to 1875 when Virginia City was Montana’s territorial capital, the Territorial Legislature met on the second floor of this stone building. Constructed in 1864, it is Montana’s oldest standing capitol building. The second floor also housed . . . — Map (db m49439) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Strasburger’s Colorado Store(Jewelry Store)
This property contributes to the Virginia City Historic District • Listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior • In cooperation . . . — Map (db m49470) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — The Buford Block
Built in 1899. one can see that this imposing structure was the pride, not only of Virginia City, but also of Montana – being, according to history the largest mercantile store in the state at that time. Hardware, hay, grain, salt, and . . . — Map (db m49438) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — The Mount Vernon Dredge
In its first five years, Alder Gulch produced between 30 and 60 million in gold. By 1874 about 35,000 people lived in the gulch. Times ran out but the gold never did. You can still find it here in the hills and streams of Alder Gulch.

There were . . . — Map (db m49570) HM

Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Virginia City National Historic Landmark District
The spectacular gold discovery in Alder Gulch on May 26, 1863, led to the rapid growth of this colorful and legendary gold camp town. Thousands of fortune-seekers rushed to the area, and by 1864 the Virginia City area boasted 30,000 residents. Rough . . . — Map (db m49382) HM

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