Who was Frank Hamilton? No one really knows. Simple grave markers pay a humble tribute to the five miners buried at the Sand Park Cemetery between 1898 and 1914. Little more is known than their names and year of death. Most of the other . . . — — Map (db m71503) HM
For millennia, the Blackfoot River corridor has been part of the homeland of the Salish and Pend d'Oreille people. They and visiting members of other tribes used a vast network of trails to criss-cross this region of great abundance -- rich in game, . . . — — Map (db m123101) HM
By 1900 the Big Blackfoot Milling Company had largely depleted its nearby timber supplies and moved further up the Blackfoot. The mill, now owned by the Anaconda Company, got most of its timber from logs cut and dumped into the river and floated . . . — — Map (db m123103) HM
Once, the Garnet Mountains echoed with the blasts of dynamite, the clatter of hooves on steep, narrow roads, and the shouts of men out to find fortune.
Once, miners swapped stories in the saloons of Beartown, Top O'Deep and Reynolds City — . . . — — Map (db m130332) HM
Foresters at Lubrecht Experimental Forest study tree harvest and growth in a landscape shaped by logging. The first large-scale logging in Montana occurred on the Blackfoot River corridor in 1885.
From 1885-1900, loggers prodded oxen to skid . . . — — Map (db m130333) HM
Highway 200 near this rest area passes through one of the most spectacular ice-age landscapes in Montana. Glaciers advanced out to the Mission and Swan ranges, and the mountains in the Bob Marshall-Scapegoat wildernesses, forming an ice cap that . . . — — Map (db m123100) HM
The Ninemile Remount was, at one time, the center for the U.S. Forest Service packing activities in the Northern Rockies. Completed by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) in 1935, the Remount was the home roost for more than 1500 Rocky Mountain . . . — — Map (db m123063) HM
Native Travelers at Tmsmli
You are standing at the heart of a well-used campsite and gathering place used by people for thousands of years. Traveling along time-worn trails from the four directions, families, hunters and explorers came . . . — — Map (db m123237) HM
Since Coyote first prepared this place for human beings, the Bitterroot Valley has been the homeland of the Salish-speaking peoples of western Montana -- the Qlispé (Kalispel or Pend d'Orielle) and the closely- related Selíš (Bitterroot Salish or . . . — — Map (db m123384) HM
The landscape around you has changed since Lewis and Clark first saw it in September 1805. Back then it was the aboriginal territory of the Nez Perce and Salish people. This Native Americans had less impact on natural ecological processes than did . . . — — Map (db m123127) HM
As researchers worked to pin-point the location of the Travelers’ Rest campsite, they had an unlikely ally -- an 18th century Prussian Baron.
During the Revolutionary War, Baron William Frederick Von Steuben, at the request of George Washington, . . . — — Map (db m123254) HM
(Three panels, presented left to right, form this marker.)
The Flight of the Nez Perce
In Search of Peace
In the mid-1870s the United States government attempted to force the Nez Perce (Nee-Mee-Poo or Nimiipu) people . . . — — Map (db m123125) HM
The Lewis and Clark Expedition camped near here September 9 through 11, 1805, while traveling through the ancient territory of the Salish and Pend d'Orielle people. Since time immemorial, the tribes have known this place as Tmsmli (approximately . . . — — Map (db m123385) HM
West bound, the trip up Lolo Creek was the start of a remarkably arduous and life-threatening part of the expedition's journey. Eastbound, the passage down Lolo Creek represented victory over one of the most formidable barriers to cross-country . . . — — Map (db m123124) HM
One-half mile west of here, a steep, narrow ravine runs north from Lolo Creek, In the early morning of the fourth day of standoff, the Nez Perce ascended the ridge next to this ravine. Using skills acquired by life in the mountains and plateaus of . . . — — Map (db m123241) HM
About twenty miles west of here at Lolo Hot Springs, the Nez Perce heard that soldiers were coming, so they moved cautiously and set up camp four miles from here.
Three parleys (meetings) between Nez Perce, soldiers, and citizens were held over . . . — — Map (db m123240) HM
Lewis and Clark’s “CORPS OF DISCOVERY” was the first major expedition launched by the United States to explore new lands with an emphasis on scientific inquiry. Lewis spent months being tutored in both physical and biological sciences in . . . — — Map (db m123129) HM
During the Civil War, soldiers often fought out in the open causing thousands of casualties. Because of this, the military decided to formally instruct and equip soldiers to entrench themselves. Soldiers and citizens here fully embraced this new . . . — — Map (db m123239) HM
You're standing in a replica of an entrenchment and breastworks similar to those built north of this point in July 1877. Notice the gap between the bottom and top logs. Rifle barrels could be slid through this opening while the logs provided . . . — — Map (db m123238) HM
"Capts. Lewis and Clark parted here with their parties & proceed on" Sergeant John Ordway, Thursday July 3, 1806
An often overlooked aspect of the Lewis and Clark Expedition is the decision to separate when they left Travelers' Rest on . . . — — Map (db m123256) HM
The route that lies west of here, the Lolo Trail, was different from other east-west 19th century Americans trails. It did not witness a flood of cross-county migration. There were no covered wagons here.
Unmapped and shifting over time, it . . . — — Map (db m123123) HM
Sikum is the Nez Perce word for horse. The Nez Perce people were introduced to the horse in the 1730’s. The word “appaloosa” was created by white settlers. The Nez Perce learned through selective breeding that they could . . . — — Map (db m123126) HM
Bitter Root Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, Missoula, Montana dedicate this marker to Captains Lewis and Clark, Sacajawea, their inspiration and guide, and the brave men of the Trans-Mississippi Expedition who encamped on Lo Lo . . . — — Map (db m123243) HM
For may years, the campsite known as Travelers’ Rest was thought to be located at the confluence of today’s Lolo Creek and the Bitterroot River (1 1/2 miles east of where you now stand). It wasn’t until 1996 that members of the Travelers’ Rest . . . — — Map (db m123255) HM
Shuttle cars were used to haul men to the logging operation in the woods. The car was a self-propelled unit with an interior engine powering the rear wheels with a chain drive. With a window on either end, it could travel in either direction and . . . — — Map (db m123282) HM
On this site stood one of the oldest buildings of Fort Missoula. Upon the Fort's establishment in 1877, a one-story log structure was constructed for use as a laundress's quarters. The project's cost came to $450.00. According to long-time Missoula . . . — — Map (db m123279) HM
On the morning of July 3, 1806, Lewis and Clark set in motion a dangerous plan to separate, and explore different routes on their return journey to the Missouri River. As he was both excited and anxious to pursue a rumored shortcut, Lewis wrote: . . . — — Map (db m123331) HM
Despite Civil War turmoil, progress was bravely pushing Westward, leading into the Gilded Age of substantial growth in population and wealth.
Cantonment Wright and Hell Gate
In November 1861, John Mullan established Cantonment . . . — — Map (db m123096) HM
The narrow river canyons upstream from here have a long and bloody past.
As the Salish, Nez Perce and other western mountain Indian tribes passed through these canyons enroute to buffalo hunting grounds east of the Rocky Mountains, they were . . . — — Map (db m123334) HM
Neoclassical influences complement the Queen Anne style in this striking transitional home built between 1905 and 1907. A polygonal two-story bay, hipped roof with intersecting gables and wrap around porch lend visual asymmetry characteristic of the . . . — — Map (db m130297) HM
Fort Missoula, established in 1877 to provide military control over western Montana’s Indian tribes and protect local settlers, was the only permanent military post west of the Continental Divide. There was little conflict, but the fort’s . . . — — Map (db m123257) HM
Fort Missoula's first chapel was completed in 1885. During the late 1930s, the Works Progress Administration allocated funds to renovate the deteriorating building in order to create a new post headquarters with an upstairs courtroom. A concrete . . . — — Map (db m123280) HM
The first hospital at Fort Missoula consisted of two tents and a shanty set up by the 3rd Infantry in 1877. The following year and L-shaped frame building with a capacity of 12 patients was completed. Dr. Robert Mills Whitefoot, a Civil War veteran, . . . — — Map (db m123263) HM
In autumn 1909, Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) organizers Elizabeth Gurley Flynn and Jack Jones arrived in Missoula, soon followed by there comrade Frank Little. After renting space for a union hall, they took to the streets, determined to . . . — — Map (db m123336) HM
The parallel lines etched on the side of Mount Jumbo are testimony to a series of dramatic geologic events, the Lake Missoula Floods. Occurring as recently as 15,000 years ago, the floods resulted when the Clark Fork River, which had been dammed by . . . — — Map (db m130301) HM
(Three panels, presented left to right, form the marker.)
Many Cultures Forge Strong Communities
Welcome to Bonner and nearby communities, each built on the grit and dreams of self-made men and women. It you had walked into . . . — — Map (db m123099) HM
Poised on the brink of the homesteading boom, Missoula prospered at the turn of the twentieth century with signs of urban growth evident in the hotels and row houses that began to line this busy corridor. Local contractor/architect Eugene Morin . . . — — Map (db m130298) HM
McCormick Park was given to the City of Missoula by the McCormick family, heirs to the estate of W.J. McCormick, one of Missoula’s founders. The pond in McCormick Park is known as “Silver’s Pond” after the family that also donated land . . . — — Map (db m130299) HM
Long before railroads and highways, rivers were the lifelines of travel and trade. The Lewis and Clark Expedition named and described hundreds of rivers as they mapped their way west.
While the expedition camped about 10 miles south of here, . . . — — Map (db m123333) HM
Since the late 1400s and the time of Columbus, explorers from all over the world eagerly sought to discover the legendary water route, or "Northwest Passage," that was rumored to bisect the resource-rich interior of the North American continent. . . . — — Map (db m123330) HM
Public Hands for Public Land Young Montanans Join Conservation Corps
The Great Depression of the 1930s left many people unemployed, but President Franklin D. Roosevelt's “New Deal” created a relief program to put people back to . . . — — Map (db m136577) HM
Rattlesnake Creek enters the Clark Fork River across from this point, completing the journey from its headwaters high in the Rattlesnake National Wilderness Area. Missoula’s first building was a two-room log cabin constructed by William T. Hamilton . . . — — Map (db m130323) HM
The United States Forest Service's first fire lookouts system was a crude setup of tents and crow's nest lookouts. Watching for wild fires in unpopulated areas was a relatively new idea and was regarded with little importance until the Great Fire . . . — — Map (db m123285) HM
The old post chapel once occupied this site where, in 1940, officials located the fort’s administrative center. Built for $15,300, the tall stucco-covered frame building housed the commanding officer and his staff. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor . . . — — Map (db m123281) HM
The turn of the century decade began one of transition and progress and is considered the first decade of materialism and consumerism.
A Tribute to Milltown Dam
The growth of Montana's lumber industry was dependent on the . . . — — Map (db m123097) HM