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Powell County Montana Historical Markers

 
The Valley of a Thousand Haystacks Marker (<i>wide view</i>) image, Touch for more information
By Cosmos Mariner, July 10, 2013
The Valley of a Thousand Haystacks Marker (wide view)
Montana (Powell County), Avon — The Valley of a Thousand Haystacks
The Little Blackfoot Valley is filled with lush hay fields. You already may have noticed the rounded haystacks and commented on the strange lodgepole structures standing in many of the fields. This contraption that looks like a cross between a . . . — Map (db m71949) HM
Montana (Powell County), Deer Lodge — 1870-1931 Federal BuildingOld Montana Prison
The first prison building was constructed on this site in 1870 while Montana was still a territory of the United States. It served as a territorial prison and federal penitentiary. In 1889, when Montana attained statehood, it became the Montana . . . — Map (db m127793) HM
Montana (Powell County), Deer Lodge — 1896 Cell HouseOld Montana Prison
Overcrowding reached a critical point by the spring of 1896. The cell capacity of 182 was exceeded by 150 prisoners who were confined in a single log building without cells. The log building was deemed “insecure, unsafe and liable to . . . — Map (db m127791) HM
Montana (Powell County), Deer Lodge — 1909 Last Spike MonumentThe Milwaukee Road
The last spike of the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad’s (better known as the Milwaukee Road) Puget Sound Extension connecting Chicago to Seattle was driven near Gold Creek, Montana some 17 miles west of here on May 19, 1909. This . . . — Map (db m127775) HM
Montana (Powell County), Deer Lodge — 1912 Cell HouseOld Montana Prison
To ease increasing overcrowded conditions, the 1912 Cell House was constructed, adding two hundred cells to the prison complex. Erected in only eleven months using convict labor, the cell house was a model facility for its day. Each cell had running . . . — Map (db m127797) HM
Montana (Powell County), Deer Lodge — 1931 Administration BuildingOld Montana Prison
This administration building was the heart of security and prison operations. Here new prisoners were admitted, inmates received visitors, and departing prisoners were counseled about outside employment. The main floor contained the offices of the . . . — Map (db m127794) HM
Montana (Powell County), Deer Lodge — 1959 RiotOld Montana Prison
On the afternoon of April 16, Jerry Myles and Lee Smart led a band of inmates in a violent riot against prison authorities. Seizing a rifle from the catwalk guard, they took control of the 1912 cell house.

Forcing their way into the . . . — Map (db m96539) HM

Montana (Powell County), Deer Lodge — Deer Lodge Post Office
The first post office in Deer Lodge was established on May 21, 1866. It was one of the earliest post offices in Montana. Mail service to the early settlers of the Deer Lodge Valley was very expensive and very slow. Letters and parcels were either . . . — Map (db m128356) HM
Montana (Powell County), Deer Lodge — Electrified RailroadThe Milwaukee Road
The Anaconda Company’s Butte, Anaconda & Pacific Railway converted from steam to electric locomotives in 1914. Aware of Anaconda’s success, Milwaukee electrified its Rocky Mountain division between Harlowton through Deer Lodge to Avery, Idaho in . . . — Map (db m127777) HM
Montana (Powell County), Deer Lodge — Execution of George RockOld Montana Prison
On this site in 1908, George Rock was executed by hanging. A year later, William Hayes met a similar fate. Rock and Hayes killed Deputy Warden John Robinson and severely wounded Warden Frank Conley in an escape attempt. Conley surprised the . . . — Map (db m127795) HM
Montana (Powell County), Deer Lodge — Siberia EastOld Montana Prison
So called for their isolation, the cells located in the towers of this cell house were used to remove troublesome inmates from the rest of the prison population. Inmates assigned to the Siberia cells had committed major rule infractions, or in rare . . . — Map (db m127796) HM
Montana (Powell County), Deer Lodge — The Old Montana PrisonOld Montana Prison
Gold was discovered near Deer Lodge in 1862. Subsequent discoveries in Bannack and Virginia City prompted a gold rush that attracted men and women of both good and bad character. Thievery, lawlessness, and murder prevailed until vigilante groups . . . — Map (db m127789) HM
Montana (Powell County), Deer Lodge — Winter of 1886Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
This area’s climate includes dramatic fluctuations. As you imagine yourself ranching here, consider the effects of one winter during the heydays of the open ranch.

The snowy winter of 1886-87 devastated the cattle ranches of Montana. Cattle . . . — Map (db m62050) HM

Montana (Powell County), Elliston — The Frenchwoman's Road
Constant Guyot built a toll road across the Continental Divide near here in 1867. Because it provided the most direct way over the mountains between Deer Lodge and Helena, it was a popular route for travelers. Guyot's wife ran a two-room . . . — Map (db m127754) HM
Montana (Powell County), Elliston — The Mullan Road
From this point west to the Idaho line, US Highway 12 and I-90 follows the route of a military road located and constructed in Montana between 1859 - 62 by Captain John Mullan. The road was 624 miles long and connected Fort Benton, Montana, with . . . — Map (db m71950) HM
Montana (Powell County), Garrison — First Discovery of Gold in Montana
Opposite this point a creek flows into the Clark Fork River from the west. In 1852, a French mixed-blood named Francois “Benetsee,” Finlay, prospected the creek for placer gold. Although he raised some color, Finlay was ill-equipped to . . . — Map (db m71948) HM
Montana (Powell County), Garrison — Site of the First Log House in the Deer Lodge Valley
. . . — Map (db m127755) HM
Montana (Powell County), Ovando — The Bob Marshall Wilderness Country
North of here lies the second largest wilderness in the lower 48 states. Made up of the Bob Marshall, Scapegoat and Great Bear wilderness areas, its north end abuts Glacier National Park, creating a continuous corridor of unspoiled mountains and . . . — Map (db m23926) HM

18 markers matched your search criteria.
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