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Saint John County New Brunswick Historical Markers

 
Canada’s Original City Marker image, Touch for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, June 11, 2014
Canada’s Original City Marker
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Canada’s Original CityLa ville originale du Canada
English What do you do for a 225th anniversary The answer in Canada’s first incorporated city was celebrate! Saint John 225: The Original City/La ville originale was a year-long celebration of the city’s heritage, creativity and . . . — Map (db m77568) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Carleton Martello Tower
Construction of this tower was begun by the British Army during the War of 1812 as one of the projected series of fortifications intended to block the western land approach to Saint John. Subsequent to its completion in 1815 the tower was largely . . . — Map (db m539) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Centerbeam Place
This historic city block of attached late-Victorian buildings was designed and constructed immediately after the Great Fire of 1877 that swept away much of Saint John. Prominent architects from Canada and the United States vied for the honour of . . . — Map (db m77457) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Church of Saint Andrew and Saint DavidÉglise Saint Andrew and Saint David
English Constructed in 1879, on the site of the 1815 “Auld Kirk”, the present church is a faithful representation of the Gothic Revival style. One highlight of the interior is the Gothicized pulpit by local carver John Rogerson. . . . — Map (db m77483) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Dock Street Generating StationLe Centrale Dock Street — 1889-1976
English The New Brunswick Electric Power Commission’s DOCK STREET PLANT, built on this site in 1889, was the longest continually operating electrical generation station in the world. Built by the Saint John Railway Company, the 18,000 . . . — Map (db m77558) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — First Marine Compound EngineLa Première Machine Compound de Marine
English The first vessel in the world propelled by a compound steam engine was the REINDEER launched for service on the Saint John, in 1845. Both the vessel and engine were designed by Benjamin Tibbets, a native of Queen’s County, New . . . — Map (db m77428) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — First Steam Fog HornLa Premiere Corne de Brume a Vapeur
English In 1854, Robert Foulis of St. John, N.B., first advocated the use of a steam horn or whistle to give warning to vessels in foggy weather. An apparatus devised by him was installed on Partridge Island in 1859. This was the first . . . — Map (db m77430) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Fort HoweMajor Gilfrid Studholme — Indian Treaty of 1778/Le Traité Indien de 1778
Three markers are mounted on this monument Fort Howe English Late in 1777 Major Gilfred Studholme hurriedly fortified this ridge overlooking the mouth of the Saint John River. Throughout the remainder of the American . . . — Map (db m77537) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Founding of New BrunswickLa Fondation du Nouveau-Brunswick
English The increase of population consequent upon the large influx of Loyalists in 1783 and 1784 convinced the British government of the desirability of creating the Province of New Brunswick. This was done on 16 August 1784. Brigadier . . . — Map (db m77519) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Imperial TheatreLe Théâtre Imperial
English Constructed in 1912-1913 to the designs of Philadelphia architect A.E. Westover, this structure was built by the Keith-Albee chain of New York City and its Canadian subsidiary, the Saint John Amusements Company. Dramatic, musical . . . — Map (db m77506) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Irish Immigrant Memorial
This Celtic cross, erected in 1967 by descendants of the Irish settlers, is a half scale replica of a cross which stands on Partridge Island in Saint John Harbour. A reproduction of the plaque on the original cross is shown below. This . . . — Map (db m78253) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — King Edward VII Memorial BandstandKiosque À Musique Commémoratif Roi Edouard VII
English The Memorial Bandstand was designed and built in 1908 for the City Coronet Band by Neil Brodie, a local architect. One year later, it was donated to the City of Saint John in the name of Edward VII of England. The bandstand is . . . — Map (db m77531) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — King’s SquareCarré King’s Square — Established 1785/Fondé en 1785
English King’s Square, named for King George III of England, was granted to the City of Saint John by royal charter in 1785. During its early years, the grounds were the site of such public uses as oxen roasts, fireworks displays, militia . . . — Map (db m77534) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — New Brunswick’s First School of Law
Established on October 8, 1892 in connection with King’s College, Windsor, N.S., New Brunswick’s first School of Law was located in this building until 1953. The school is now the Faculty of Law of the University of New Brunswick. This plaque was . . . — Map (db m77482) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — No. 2 Mechanics’ Volunteer Company Engine HouseCaserne No 2 des Mécaniciens Pompiers Volontaires
English The cry “Fire!” so terrified Canadians in the early 19th century that communities began to construct permanent fire stations. Erected in 1840, this elegant Neoclassical building is a pioneer example of a firehall . . . — Map (db m77508) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Prince William Street - Before and After the 1877 FireRue Prince William - Avant et Après le Grand Incendie de 1877
This marker has plaques on both sides. English Before the 1877 Fire The year is 1865, and you are looking across Market Square at the “Imperial Building.” This was the site of the famous “Coffee . . . — Map (db m77480) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Saint John City MarketLe Marché de Saint John
English Built between 1874 ad 1876, the Saint John City market narrowly escaped the fire that swept through the town in 1877 and stands today as a rare and distinguished example of a 19th century market building. Designed in the Second . . . — Map (db m77535) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Saint John’s First Wind Grist Mill
...built on this corner 1795, became city’s first poorhouse, also temporary military barracks, destroyed by fire 1819 — Map (db m77484) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Saint John’s Original Burial GroundLe premier cimetière de Saint John
English Saint John’s original burial ground was established on this site shortly after the landing of the United Empire Loyalists in 1783. After its closure as a cemetery in 1845, the site became a memorial garden with tree lined walkways . . . — Map (db m77518) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Scottish StrengthLa puissance écossaise
English Saint John has a strong Scottish presence. The breakup of the clan system in the late 18th century caused massive emigration from the Highlands. As a result, some 25 percent of the population has Scottish ancestry. Scottish . . . — Map (db m77458) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — The Marco PoloLe Marco Polo
English A three-masted full-rigged ship with a modified clipper hull, the Marco Polo earned a reputation as the “fastest ship in the world” and drew international attention to New Brunswick shipyards. Built in 1851 by . . . — Map (db m77456) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — The Great Fire of 1877/L’incendie de 1877Trinity Royal — Saint John’s First Historic Preservation Area/Premiere de conservation historique de Saint John
There are two side to this marker English The Great Fire of 1877 One of the most destructive fires of modern times occurred at Saint John, N.B., on Wednesday, June 20th, 1877. It was more calamitous in its character than . . . — Map (db m77570) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — The Landing of the LoyalistsDébarquement des Loyalistes
English On 10 May 1783 the Spring Fleet, carrying over 2,000 Loyalists, arrived at the Saint John River mouth. The exiles, mostly civilians from the Middle Colonies, established themselves in the newly-surveyed townsites of Parr and . . . — Map (db m77432) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — The Troop Fleet in the Days of Sail
This plaque is in commemoration of the firm of Messrs. Troop and son, shipowners in the city of Saint John, New Brunswick, where the business of the firm was carried on during the years 1847-1912. Founded by Jacob V. Troop, the business was . . . — Map (db m77459) HM

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