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Halifax Regional Municipality Nova Scotia Historical Markers

 
A Changing Lake-scape Marker image, Touch for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, June 15, 2014
A Changing Lake-scape Marker
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 06 — A Changing Lake-scape
Lake Micmac was smaller Lake Micmac was considerably smaller before the Canal was begun. Evidence for this can be found in the cove to the west where the remains of a forest and marsh area can be seen under the surface of the Lake. To the . . . — Map (db m78081) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 08 — A Testament to Hard Work
Man-made Bank You are now walking on a man made bank which forms one side of the canal cut. This wall of earth and stone was necessary to contain the depth of water needed to float the barges. During the first phase of the canal . . . — Map (db m78100) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 02 — A Village of the Most Primitive Description
Canal Camp You are looking at a part of the remains of what was known as the “Canal Camp.” The row of stones in this area represent the largest feature found to day at Port Wallace. An archeological investigation was carried out . . . — Map (db m77987) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 07 — Barges, Steamboats and Scows
Lock 2 You are now looking at the upper sill of Lock 2. The chambers of the first five Locks on the Canal are approximately 21 meters long and 5.5 meters wide. Therefore the boats and barges used on the system had to be able to fit . . . — Map (db m78083) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 01 — Before the Canal
Cutting the Canal You are now standing about one third of the way between Lake Micmac to the South (left) and Lake Charles to the North (right). Before canal construction began in 1826 there was no flow of water between these two lakes. The . . . — Map (db m77986) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 16 — Benching - An early construction technique
Benching As you look down the Cut you will see, on the left or East bank, stone walls separated by narrow, flat terraces. This construction technique was used by the canal workers to prevent the earth from sliding down the bank. It was . . . — Map (db m78117) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Canal Shubenacadie CanalNational Historic Civil Engineering Site / Site Historique National de Génie Civil
Constructed 1826-1861 Charles William Fairbanks Francis Hall Angus McDougall Engineers / Ingénieurs — Map (db m77984) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 13 — Deep Cut
Hard Digging! From this location you can begin to appreciate the enormous task which faced the canal workers. Prior to 1826 this canal cut or trench did not exist and all of the earth and rock had to be removed. Unlike the lower part of the . . . — Map (db m78105) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Historic Shubenacadie Canal SystemLock 3 — 1824-31 ——— 1856-70
At the point you are approximately 26 meters above sea level, almost at the height of Lake Charles from which the water flows in two directions - south to the Harbour and north to the Bay of Fundy. To get to this point vessels would have traveled . . . — Map (db m78147) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Historic Shubenacadie Canal SystemLock 2 — 1824-31 ——— 1856-70
Vessels entering Lock two, traveling northward, were approximately 19 meters above the level of the Harbour. This lock would raise them another three or four meters enabling them the make their way along the canal to Lock three. This present lock . . . — Map (db m78148) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 03 — Lightning Strikes at Canal Camp
Navvies The most concentrated number of features belonging to the Canal Camp are located in this area beneath the trees and along the roadway. You can still make out the remains of several stone foundations. A plan of this area prepared in . . . — Map (db m77988) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 12 — Navvies Dwelling
A Dwelling for Two Families Imagine this structure on top of the stone foundation in front of you. This home would be similar to the one at Site No. 9. However this structure is larger and contains two small stone hearths. When excavated in . . . — Map (db m78104) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 09 — Of Bough and Bark
Dwelling Cabin This feature represents an example of cultural transfer by emigrants to Canada from their homeland. This dwelling cabin strongly resembles the description of the cabins of the working poor in Northern Scotland and Ireland, as . . . — Map (db m78101) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 05 — Official Groundbreaking 1829
Location of prominent historical characters at the ground breaking ceremony General location of the official ground breaking ceremony, July 25th, 1826. Looking south from the walking bridge you are viewing the general location of the . . . — Map (db m78078) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 14 — One of the mysteries yet to be solved…
Possibly a Storage Building for Powder This is the only example of this style of structure found anywhere along the canal. While the Archaeologists are uncertain about its use, it may have been a storage area for black powder used to blast the . . . — Map (db m78106) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Shubenacadie Canal, Port Wallace
From 1826 to 1831, canal labourers constructed two locks and the “deep cut” between Lake Charles and Lake Micmac. During these years, upwards of 250 workers and their families lived here. The locks were rebuilt and operated between 1858 . . . — Map (db m77956) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 15 — Summit of the Canal
Highest point of the Canal Ahead you will see Lake Charles which is the highest body of water in the Canal system. From this lake, water flows south to the Halifax Harbour and north to the Bay of Fundy. You are now approx. 29 meters (95 feet) . . . — Map (db m78115) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 10 — The Fairbanks Solution
Lock 3 When first built this lock was made entirely of granite blocks, as represented by the end walls. Like the other structures of the Canal, this lock fell into disrepair between 1831 and 1854. It was completely rebuilt by Charles Fairbanks . . . — Map (db m77985) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 17 — The Forge
The Blacksmith’s Shop Excavated by Dr. Davis in 1985, this forge operated during both the first construction period (1820s) and the second (1850s). It was here that workers and masons would have their tools repaired and stone picks . . . — Map (db m77982) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 04 — Unique Construction
Lock 2 Looking north from the walking bridge you see Lock 2. This lock was the first to be constructed on the Canal. Initially the lock was built totally of granite blocks (British construction method), as seen on the east wall. After the . . . — Map (db m78077) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 11 — Waste Weir and Holding Pond
A water control structure The man-made holding pond in front of you helped to maintain the level of the canal when the lock was in operation. The water in this holding pond had two purposes. It helped maintain the water level in the dry . . . — Map (db m78102) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Black-Binney HouseRésidence Black-Binney
English Built about 1819 by John Black, successful merchant and Executive Councillor (1813-23), this house is a notable example of the finest Halifax residences of its day - the first important era of stone construction in the town. James . . . — Map (db m77657) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Canadian Corps of Commissionaires
The corps was formed in Nova Scotia and elsewhere across Canada in 1937, on the instigation of the Canadian Government, to find employment for worthy older veterans. Its organization was patterned along military lines of the British Corps of . . . — Map (db m77805) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Canadian Sailor's Monument
The sailor statue represents those valiant young Canadians who served in both war and peace is symbolic of the thousands of sailors who were instrumental in the victory at sea and a fitting acknowledgement to those who continue to maintain the peace. — Map (db m77597) WM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Captain / Capitaine James Cook(1728-1779)
English Before the voyages that brought him world fame as Captain Cook, this British Royal Navy officier complied navigational charts for the coasts of Quebec and Nova Scotia. While based in Halifax from 1758 to 1762, he learned . . . — Map (db m77953) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Carved in StonePierres gravées
English These gravestones were all carved by hand, using chisels and wooden mallets. Many of the old slate stones were quarried and carved around Massachusetts Bay, and shipped to Halifax before the American Revolution. By the 1770s local . . . — Map (db m77782) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Charles Morris1711 (Boston, MA) - 1781 (Windsor, NS)
Charles Morris was Nova Scotia’s Chief Surveyor and one of he first residents of Halifax. In 1750, on order from the founder of Halifax, Edward Cornwallis, Morris began surveying the entire peninsula, laying out new suburbs and 240 acres of . . . — Map (db m77647) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Deadman's Island
These men died in captivity while serving the United States of America on land and sea during the War of 1812. They lie in unmarked graves here on Deadman's Island.

Followed by a list of 188 men identified by Name, Rank, Ship/Unit, and Date . . . — Map (db m44062) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Duke of York's Martello TowerYork Redoubt
[English Text only shown] The Duke of York's Martello Tower was one of many small towers built for coastal defence throughout the British Empire. They were usually round, with stone walls too thick to be penetrated by cannon balls. This . . . — Map (db m44629) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Edmund Burke
This plaque is dedicated to the memory of Edmund Burke distinguished scholar, missionary pastor, and prelate, having served for sixteen years, he was elected as Bishop of Sion and first Vicar Apostolic of Nova Scotia on July 4, 1817. He . . . — Map (db m77747) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Fairview Lawn CemeteryTitanic
Established in 1893, this non-denominational burial ground was originally known as the Green Lawn Cemetery. In 1894, the Fairview Lawn Cemetery Ltd. took over management of the cemetery which it operated for 50 years. Unable to fulfill its . . . — Map (db m77857) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Fort Needham Memorial Parkand the Halifax Explosion
This marker is composed exclusively pictures and their captions. There is a left side and a right side to the marker. Captions are presented left to right, then top to bottom. Click on the marker image to enlarge it. Left side • . . . — Map (db m77955) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — France and CanadaLa France et le Canada — Theirs is a story of enduring friendship./ C’est l’histoire d’une longe amitié.
France and Canada share a long history. Theirs is a story of enduring friendship. It began 400 years ago, in Nova Scotia, the birthplace of Acadie, with the arrival of the first French settlers and of Samuel de Champlain at Port-Royal in 1605. . . . — Map (db m77622) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Georges IslandL’Île-Georges
English The Island was first fortified when the British founded Halifax in 1749. During the period of the Acadian Deportation, 1755 to 1762, the island was sometimes a detention camp for Acadians prior to being shipped to other British . . . — Map (db m77619) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Glebe House CampusSaint Mary’s University
On this site in 1802 was erected the school building which became the forerunner of Saint Mary’s University. Edmund Burke, newly appointed as Roman Catholic Vicar General in Nova Scotia, had the two-storey structure built in the hope of . . . — Map (db m77719) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Halifax and RMS TitanicHalifax et le RMS Titanic
English Here, in Halifax, lie the remains of 150 victims of one of history’s most tragic maritime disasters. Just before midnight on 14 April 1912, the White Star liner RMS Titanic struck an iceberg in the North Atlantic. The majestic . . . — Map (db m77852) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Halifax CitadelLa Citadelle d’Halifax
English Built to defend against a land-based attack, the Halifax Citadel was the fourth in a series of forts to occupy this hill, The star-shaped fortress, completed in 1856, was the centerpiece of the extensive system of fortifications . . . — Map (db m78258) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Halifax Waterfront Buildings
English From the founding of Halifax in 1749 until the early twentieth century, this portion of the waterfront was associated with men and events in the civic and commercial life of the city. These seven typical warehouses and offices, . . . — Map (db m77826) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Halifax’s Cable Wharf
The Cable Wharf was purpose built in 1913 by the Western Union Telegraph Company and measures 108 x 17 metres (355 x 54 feet). It is where the company’s cable ships, Minia, Lord Kelvin and Cyrus Field docked and underwent minor . . . — Map (db m77595) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Major General / Major-Général Robert Ross 1766-1814
English Major General Ross sailed to North America in the summer of 1814 from the Peninsular War against France to command the British army on the east coast of the United States, opening a second front to relieve the pressure on the . . . — Map (db m77877) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Mr. John SamwellMr. William Stevens
On your left near this spot lie the remains of … / À votre gauche, près d’ici se trouvent les restes de …. Mr. / M. John Samwell Midshipman / Aspirant de marine • 1797-1813 Mr. / M. William Stevens Boatswain / Maître de . . . — Map (db m77897) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Norway
. . . — Map (db m77596) WM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Old Burying Ground1749 - 1844
This land was set aside as a common burial ground outside the stockade of the new fortified town of Halifax First grave dug June 21, 1749 Granted to St. Paul’s Church June 17, 1793 Closed to burials August 18, 1844 Welsford-Parker Monument . . . — Map (db m77743) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Old Burying GroundLe Vieux Cimetière
English The Old Burying Ground, which contains more than 1,200 head and footstones, constitutes a unique concentration of gravestone art. A rich variety of styles, poignant images and carving skill is reflected in these old stones. The . . . — Map (db m77784) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Passage to a New Beginning • Passage à un nouveau monde
English Celebrating Canada’s Immigrants In the 1940s and 1950s, Canada opened its doors wide to European immigrants. With haunting wartime memories still fresh in their minds, men, women and children from diverse countries and . . . — Map (db m77876) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Philippe Aubert de Gaspé (fils)1814 - 1841
English Author of the first Canadian novel of French expression, L’influence du’ livre (1837), written in Saint-Jean-Port-Joli, Philippe-Ignace-Françoise Aubert de Gaspé was born in Quebec City on April 8th, 1814. He worked from 1840 . . . — Map (db m77825) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Pier 21Canada’s National Immigration Museum — Musée national de l’immigration au Canada
English When the Canadian immigration complex known as Pier 21 closed its doors in March of 1971, it marked the end of a more than forty-year saga of human hope, vision, courage and resilience. From its opening on the Halifax waterfront in . . . — Map (db m77616) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Pier 21 / Le Quai 21Postwar Immigration / L’immigration de L’aprés-guerre — War Brides / Les Epouses de Guerre
There are three plaques on this monument. Pier 21 / Le Quai 21 English This site witnessed the arrival of approximately one million immigrants, who have enriched the cultural mosaic of Canada. Opened in 1928, Pier 21 served . . . — Map (db m77718) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Pierre Maillard
This plaque is dedicated to the memory of Pierre Maillard who served as missionary to the Micmac Indians in this country for over thirty years, who succeeded in reconciling the Micmac to British rule, who celebrated the first mass and opened . . . — Map (db m77723) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Province House
English Province House is an architectural monument and the setting for signifiant events in Canadian political life. Begun in 1811 and opened in 1819 as the seat of government for Nova Scotia, it is one of the finest Palladian-style . . . — Map (db m77858) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Samuel Cunard1787-1865
A native son and a great Nova Scotian, he received his early training in this city and became a highly regarded merchant, humanitarian and ship owner. All this was a prelude to his most successful venture, the founding of the British and North . . . — Map (db m77879) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Ships and Men of the Royal Canadian Navy
This memorial was erected by the Atlantic Chief and Petty Officies Association to commemorate the Ships and Men of the Royal Canadian Navy who failed to return through enemy action, stress of weather and accidents during The Battle of . . . — Map (db m77646) WM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — South African War Monument
Erected by the people of Nova Scotia in honor of those who served and in memory of those who fell in the South African Campaign 1898 - 1902 — Map (db m77859) WM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — St. Mary’s BasilicaLa Basilique St. Mary
English St. Mary’s holds a central position in the history of Roman Catholicism in Nova Scotia. Begun in 1820, the church demonstrated the enhanced ecclesiastical status of the province, which acquired its own Bishop in 1818, and witnessed . . . — Map (db m77721) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — The Grand DérangementGeorges Island - Halifax / Île Georges - Halifax
This monument/marker is made up of four panels, two in English and two in French. Each language has a panel dealing with The Grand Dérangement and Georges Island. On top is a large, round medallion featuring a map showing Acadian deportation . . . — Map (db m77625) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — The Old Burying GroundLe Vieux cimetière communal
English In this common burial ground lie many of the first citizens of Halifax, their descendants and men of the British Army and the Royal Navy who were stationed here. First opened in 1749, the year Halifax was founded, it was used until . . . — Map (db m77783) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — The Tall Ships Parade 2000Les Grands Voiliers 2000
English For five days beginning on July 20, 2000, Halifax harbour and waterfront was like no other place - wet or dry - on earth. The city was the sole Canadian host of the largest gathering ever of the world’s Tall Ships - majestic . . . — Map (db m77741) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — The View from the Citadel / Le panorama vu de la citadelleThe Halifax Explosion / L’explosion d’Halifax — The Convoys / Les Convois
This marker is composed of five plaques on the same mounting. The marker stands on north wall of the Citadel overlooking Halifax Harbor. The markers are presented left to right. The Halifax Explosion / L’explosion d’Halifax . . . — Map (db m78257) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — The Welsford Parker MonumentLe Monument Welsford-Parker
English This monument was erected in 1860 in memory of Major A.F. Welsford and Captain W.B.C.A. Parker. These two Halifax men both perished during the Crimean War. In September of 1855 they participated in the assault on the Great Redan, part . . . — Map (db m77744) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — There Was Once a Very Special Ship
The ex-Admiralty ocean salvage tug FOUNDATION FRANKLIN sailed from the Foundation Maritime piers from the early 1930’s to 1948 on rescue and salvage missions in all kinds of weather, in peace and war to assist ships in distress on the great Western . . . — Map (db m77598) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Why Aren’t We Americans? • Pourquoi ne sommes-nous pas des Américains?The Old Burying Ground Remembers The War of 1812-1814 • Le vieux cimetière souvient de la guerre de
This marker may be conveniently divided into three section; left, center and right. The center sections is presented first. Center section English We are not Americans because of the service men like the sailors and . . . — Map (db m78073) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — York Redoubt
[English text] York Redoubt was the heart of the defences protecting the outer harbour approaches to Halifax. Begun in 1793, it was enlarged by the Duke of Kent who constructed a Martello tower here in 1798. The redoubt became an essential . . . — Map (db m44479) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Peggys Cove — Swissair Flight 111 MemorialWhalesback
English text only shown The communities of Peggys Cove and Blandford were central to the recovery operation following the crash of Swissair Flight 111. The Whalesback and Bayswater Beach sites were chosen for their proximity to those . . . — Map (db m45717) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Peggy's Cove — Peggy's Cove
This picturesque village and lighthouse are among the most photographed places in Canada. A romantic folk tale is told about how the Cove got its name. Young Peggy was traveling to Halifax to meet her fiance when the ship she was in foundered on the . . . — Map (db m77937) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Peggy's Cove — Peggy's Cove
Peggy’s Cove Lighthouse Built in 1868, the first lighthouse at Peggy’s Cove consisted of a wooden house topped by a beacon, Each evening, the lighthouse keeper lit a kerosene oil lamp magnified by a catoptric reflector (a silver-plated . . . — Map (db m77939) HM

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