During the late 19th century thousands of Americans left farms, families and friends to trek the Oregon Trail toward new lives in the West. The trail was nearly 2,000 miles across prairies, mountains and parched deserts. Contrary to popular belief, . . . — — Map (db m106941) HM
This plaque is dedicated as a memorial to Jean Baptiste "Pomp" Charbonneau, whose personal life experience elevated him to national recognition in American History. He began his "Road of Life" on an epic journey westward. The youngest person . . . — — Map (db m106879) HM
This site marks the final resting place of the youngest member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, born to Sacajawea and Toussaint Charbonneau at Fort Mandan (North Dakota) on February 11, 1805. Baptiste and his mother symbolized the peaceful nature . . . — — Map (db m106876) HM
Before the discovery of gold along the banks of Jordan Creek on May 18, 1863, this arid region was the exclusive domain of American Indians, a few hardy explorers and Hudson's Bay Company fur traders. The prospect of gold quickly changed this . . . — — Map (db m106875) HM
Sarah Winnemucca played a major role in shaping development of the American West, and especially what is known as the I.O.N. country: The Idaho, Oregon and Nevada state junction. During her lifetime, Sarah became well . . . — — Map (db m106883) HM
Peter Skene Ogden, leading a party of Hudson’s Bay Company trappers, camped near here on October 10, 1828. On this Ogden’s fifth and final expedition into the "Snake Country," he started on September 22, from Fort Nez Perce (Walla Walla). From here, . . . — — Map (db m63024) HM
About 18 September 1860, 26 survivors of the Utter disaster arrived south of here. Only 10 remained when an army relief expedition arrived 5 weeks later.
On September 9 & 10, in Idaho, the Elijah P. Utter wagon train suffered a two-day . . . — — Map (db m106943) HM
(Inside the kiosk are seven panels which deal with Fort Boise and the Snake River Crossing.)
"Pathway to the "Garden of the World"
Excitement filled the air May 22, 1843 as nearly one thousand Americans left Missouri . . . — — Map (db m106947) HM
Between 20 and 15 million years ago, the region from north-central Washington to northeastern California experienced a series of volcanic eruptions and basalt lava floods that covered thousands of square miles. These ancient lava floods often dammed . . . — — Map (db m107207) HM
Overland emigration between 1840 and 1863 brought over 50,000 pioneers to Oregon. Seven miles west of Malheur Butte, weary Oregon Trail emigrants camped at the Malheur River crossing, taking advantage of local hot springs and the first good water . . . — — Map (db m107208) HM
(The Oregon Trail kiosk houses thirteen panels which deal with Native Americans, the Fur Trade, the Oregon Question, Oregon Fever, and trials of the Oregon Trail.)
Pathway to the "Garden of the World"
Excitement filled the . . . — — Map (db m107234) HM
Eager to save time on the Oregon Trail, emigrants often attempted shortcuts. Between 1845 and 1854, three wagon trains left this campsite seeking a cutoff to the Willamette Valley.
The Meek Cutoff of 1845
Frontiersman Stephen . . . — — Map (db m107076) HM
For thousands of years, the native peoples of the northern Great Basin met the challenge of living in this arid region. During the nineteenth century, contact with explorers and emigrants resulted in dramatic changes to the Indians’ traditional way . . . — — Map (db m107031) HM
Imagine traveling on the Oregon Trail. You woke this morning beside the Snake River. Tonight’s camp will be on the Malheur River.
Sniff the fragrance as wagon wheels roll over the sagebrush and send its pungent aroma into the air. Inhale the . . . — — Map (db m107032) HM
From the 1830s to the completion of the transcontinental railroad in 1869, the Oregon Trail was the way west for thousands of restless Americans from all walks of life.
Fired with a hope of finding a better life, more than 250,000 people . . . — — Map (db m107034) HM
John D. Henderson was the third child of twelve born to Perman D. and Sarah (Trapp) Henderson, both originally of Tennessee. John was born December 30, 1828, in what is now part of downtown Kansas City, then farmland, where his parents had settled . . . — — Map (db m107039) HM
In 1845 Meek led 200 families away from Oregon Trail seeking a shorter route west. Gold found enroute began Blue Bucket legend. Hardships drove train back to Oregon Trail at The Dalles. — — Map (db m107062) HM
(Three panels are mounted on a common support)
Under the Wagon Cover
By the time the pioneers reached this point in their journey, many supplies had been exhausted or discarded to lighten their load. Many who had depended . . . — — Map (db m107038) HM
Origin of name, Vale of Cashmere
The first building on the site on the present City of Vale was built on the banks of the Malheur by Jonathan Keeney in 1864. He offered accommodations to the migrants and miners on their way to the Powder River . . . — — Map (db m107057) HM
(Inside this kiosk are seven panels which deal with the Malheur River and Meek's Cutoff.
"Pathway to the "Garden of the World"
Excitement filled the air May 22, 1843 as nearly one thousand Americans left Missouri . . . — — Map (db m107077) HM