Wallowa Valley, summer homeland of the Joseph Band Nez Perce, was part of the expansive Nez Perce Reservation established by the treaty of 1855. Upon discovery of gold in the region, the U.S. eliminated the reservation in the Wallowas in 1863. The . . . — — Map (db m71746) HM
Early day travelers used the clearing west of this sign as a stop-over and resting place during their journeys from Lost Prairie, Flora, Paradise and other points north to Elgin. Travel was by saddle horse, stagecoach, or wagon. It was known as the . . . — — Map (db m103346) HM
Across Horse Creek from you is “Monument Ridge” named for its mysterious stone monuments that are visible with binoculars. It is not known exactly who made them or why. Perhaps they were built to mark grazing areas or piled up by a . . . — — Map (db m71728) HM
MONUMENT RIDGE, the table-like mountain on the horizon, derived its name from rock monuments–like the one here–built years ago by sheepherders to mark boundaries of their grazing lands. Two can be seen on the slopes of the far ridge.
. . . — — Map (db m71727) HM
"When great obstacles present, and threaten to keep them back, their hearts swell, and they push forward" Washington Irving An exploration party crossed this divide between the Snake and the Imnaha in winter. Capt. B.L.E. Bonneville and three . . . — — Map (db m92932) HM
We all need shelter: plants, animals and people. For countless ages many have found what they need here in the Imnaha. The canyon walls protect against harsh weather and the river provides its life-giving waters to the dry landscape. The Imnaha . . . — — Map (db m71744) HM
In May, 1877, Chief Joseph gathered his band of Nez Perce Indians from their winter villages along the Imnaha. Instead of heading for their customary summering country in the Wallowa Valley, they began their famous fighting retreat from General O.O. . . . — — Map (db m71743) HM
In 1877, the wal'wáama were driven out of the Wallowa Valley, which had been their homeland since time immemorial. Leaving was full of heartbreak and hardship. Over the next 1170 miles they would join with other Nez Perce bands, cross extremely . . . — — Map (db m111341) HM
Plunging to a depth of a mile and a half and averaging 10 miles in width, Hells Canyon is the deepest gorge in North America. Its walls are an open book, revealing four significant chapters in the geologic history of the Pacific Northwest.
. . . — — Map (db m71729)
In 1975, Congress created the 652,488 - acre Hells Canyon National Recreation Area. It is managed by the USDA Forest Service under the Wallowa-Whitman National Forest.
Hells Canyon National Recreation Area offers a variety of exceptional . . . — — Map (db m71732)
Iwetemlaykin is Nez Perce for "at the edge of the lake." It is pronounced ee-weh-TEMM-lye-kinn and the Nez Perce spelling is 'Iweté•mlaykin. This site is part of the ancestral homeland of the Nimigpuu (Nez Perce) and is considered sacred land. As . . . — — Map (db m111348) HM
The geologic story of Hells Canyon National Recreation Area is a tale of fire and water...of molten lava erupted from volcanoes and oozed through cracks in the earth...of rushing water, erosion and sedimentation...of building up and wearing . . . — — Map (db m71730)
Where many exciting adventures await you! Explore the rugged canyons, climb the spectacular mountains or ride the Snake River’s rapids in Hells Canyon National Recreation Area.
In Oregon, forested draws and grassy benches plunge 7,000 feet . . . — — Map (db m71731)
By the 1870s, the Wallowa Valley was changing. Settlers from the eastern U.S. slowly moved in, drawn to good farmland and the ideal grazing land for cattle and horses that the valley offered.
The settlers brought with them a different way of . . . — — Map (db m111339) HM
Spring signaled the return of food for the Wal'waama (the Wallowa band of the Nez Perce). The first roots began to appear, and most important, the salmon returned. The sockeye runs in the Wallowa River were heavy, teeming with at the promise of . . . — — Map (db m111340) HM
Born between 1785 and 1790, tiwi∙teqis came to be the principal leader of the walwá∙ma (Wallowa Band), In 1839 he was baptized and christened "Joseph," a name he carried of the rest of his life, despite later renouncing . . . — — Map (db m111364) HM
Wallowa Lake fills a depression that was formerly occupied by a great river of ice that flowed out of the high Wallowa mountains to the south. This glacier reached its greatest size in the late Pleistocene age, about 12 to 40 thousand years ago. As . . . — — Map (db m111368) HM