Opposite are remains of furnace built in 1811, the second in this section. It was operated until 1884. The stone store building built in 1837 is the oldest in the city of Altoona. — — Map (db m52336) HM
Founded 1849 as a terminal for westward expansion of the Pennsylvania Railroad. It soon became a major railroad center of the nation. Scene of the War Governors' Conference, 1867. — — Map (db m52337) HM
This mountain lion has stood proudly on the campus of Altoona Area High School since May, 1972. Heinz Warneke, the sculptor of the Penn State University Nittany Lion, was hired by the AAHS Alumni Association to create a similar piece as a tribute . . . — — Map (db m53752) HM
This fine example of Greek Revival Architecture was the home of Elias Baker, a leading ironmaster of the region. Built in 1846, it is now the museum and home of the Blair County Historical Society. Located on the hill opposite this point. — — Map (db m52338) HM
Erected 1844-1847. Architect, Robert Cary Long, Jr. Residence of Elias Baker, Ironmaster, and his family, 1848 to 1914. Museum of the Blair County Historical Society since 1922. Entrance to mansion from street in rear. — — Map (db m52342) HM
Franklin D. Roosevelt's Secretary of the Interior 1933-46. Builder of public works, ardent conservationist, fierce fighter for human rights, advocate of government as an agent for the public good. This is the site of his boyhood home. — — Map (db m52344) HM
Lancaster native and Altoona businessman and promoter. Built and managed theaters in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. In 1906, he built the opulent Mishler Theater here for stage shows, musical performances, live theater, and vaudeville. — — Map (db m52345) HM
Built here in 1902 by E. Joy Morris of Philadelphia, it was among some 250 side-friction figure eight roller coasters in North America. It became the last known ride of this type and the world's oldest known operating roller coaster. A National . . . — — Map (db m52346) HM
At the famous railroad hotel on this site was held the Conference of Northern War Governors, September 24-26, 1862. Governor Andrew Curtin of Pennsylvania called the meeting which united forces behind Lincoln and the Emancipation Proclamation. — — Map (db m52347) HM
Erected in honor of the
Soldiers and Sailors of the
Spanish American War
This projectile was fired
from one of the guns of
the fleet of the U.S. Navy
at Santiago Cuba
June. 23. 1898. — — Map (db m53751) HM
The PRR built its first repair facilities here in 1850 and opened its first track to Altoona during the same year. By 1925, Altoona was home to the nation's largest concentration of railroad shops, with 16,500 people employed in several locations. — — Map (db m20998) HM
"You had to be a waiter - a good one - to work in the Dining Department. You worked 16 and 17 hours a day. Half the time we had to sleep in the dining car."
- James Corbett, Dining Car Waiter
For passengers, eating aboard a train was always an . . . — — Map (db m53730) HM
"A lot of them put curtains in there and little rugs.... They had a pot-bellied stove and they were all good cooks."
- Richard Jackson, Yardmaster
On the road, freight crews climbed up into the cupola, inspecting the train ahead for signs of . . . — — Map (db m52606) HM
"Freight was different. The railroad started doubling up on the trains something fierce - 160-car trains. It would take you a week to get to the other end of them."
- Vince Farabaugh, Locomotive Engineer
Yardmaster John Conlon remembers one . . . — — Map (db m52629) HM
Over 300,000 skilled tradesmen went on strike against United States railroads to defend gains by unions during World War One. The Pennsylvania Railroad shops in Altoona led the anti-union opposition. The bitter struggle led to the 1926 Railway Labor . . . — — Map (db m52867) HM
One of the more unusual pieces of railroad equipment is the "scale test weight car" such as displayed here. Railroads charged their customers based upon the weight of goods shipped. After a car was loaded, the railroad moved the car to a railroad . . . — — Map (db m53750) HM
Died For Their Country
(Top Center Column) Capt. Henry Wayne • Capt. T. L. McGlathery • Capt. P. T. Keys
(Left Column) Lieut. Geo. W. Burley • Lieut. P. Morris • J. Kelly • G. R. Everson • Jr. • G. M. Loudon • J. S. . . . — — Map (db m95886) WM
You are standing at the center of what was once the greatest railroad shop complex in the world - the Altoona Works of the Pennsylvania Railroad.
Established in 1850 along with the town of Altoona, the railroad shops eventually sprawled across . . . — — Map (db m53725) HM
Built in 1882, this Master Mechanics Building housed then, as it does again today, stories of what made the Pennsylvania the most important railroad in America and a cornerstone of the industry.
Each Pennsy operating . . . — — Map (db m52604) HM
"The Pennsy wanted to make the track areas and stations look good. They gave out prizes to different sections for beauty and upkeep."
- Lou Johnston, Posy Gang member
A Hint of Nature in a Mechanical World
Among the hundreds of jobs on . . . — — Map (db m53728) HM
Erected 1785 by Thomas Blair. Residence of his son, John Blair, for whom Blair County was named in 1846. John Blair was a member of the General Assembly and until his death, 1832, a leading citizen of the region. — — Map (db m52309) HM
This Comfort Inn stands on the site once occupied by Fort Fetter.
Michael Fetter's barn was fortified and named Fort Fetter circa 1777. It served throughout the American Revolutionary War as a fortified structure for the defense of the local . . . — — Map (db m75206) HM
The spring opposite here was a favorite stopping place of Prince Gallitzin, noted prince-priest and missionary who founded the settlement at Loretto in 1792. He was also known as Father Smith. Buried at Loretto, site of his chapel. — — Map (db m52474) HM
Here was Number 6 of the ten inclined planes used to carry canal boats by rail, Hollidaysburg to Johnstown. This unique engineering feat was completed in 1834. The length of the road was 36 miles long. — — Map (db m52475) HM
Here was Number 6 of the ten inclined planes used to carry canal boats by rail, Hollidaysburg to Johnstown. This unique engineering feat was completed in 1834. The road was 36 miles long. — — Map (db m52476) HM
Was erected to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the opening of
The Old Portage Rail Road
March 18, 1834
A scale model of one of the inclined planes is in the Blair County Historical Museum, Altoona, . . . — — Map (db m52478) HM
From 1834 to 1854 the Portage Railroad passed beneath the Skew Arch Bridge. The original hand hewn stone bridge was built at right angles to the railroad. A right angle turn was arduous for a wagon to negotiate; therefore to make the crossing . . . — — Map (db m60761) HM
Formed on February 26, 1846 from Bedford and Huntingdon counties. Named for the Honorable John Blair, a prominent citizen who died in 1832. Hollidaysburg, county seat, was incorporated 1836. City of Altoona, founded 1849, became a major railroad . . . — — Map (db m52348) HM
Here at Hollidaysburg the 127-mile Juniata Division of the Pennsylvania Canal met the Allegheny Portage Railroad, which extended 36 miles west over the mountain to Johnstown. The Juniata Division was opened in 1832, the railroad in March 1834. . . . — — Map (db m52307) HM
Here was boyhood home of the Black physician who pioneered successful heart surgery, 1893. Founded Provident Hospital, Chicago, 1891. Chief surgeon at Freedmen's Hospital, Washington, DC, 1894-98. Charter member, College of Surgeons, 1913. — — Map (db m52308) HM
The site, prior to 1748, of a Delaware-Shawnee village called Assunepachla. Here the trader, Frank Stevens, had a fur post as early as 1734. The Kittanning Path led through here. — — Map (db m52349) HM
This 1870s view of Horseshoe Curve looks north past the rubble-strewn trackside area where you are standing, to show a coal hopper and a track along the hillside. These are evidence of coal mining activity along Kittanning Run. The shanty in the . . . — — Map (db m55541) HM
World-renowned choral arranger and band leader, Waring was born and raised in Tyrone. In 1919, while attending Penn State, he started “Fred Waring and the Pennsylvanians,” a popular musical group that entertained for seven decades on . . . — — Map (db m52425) HM
Along the streams of this region are ruins of many charcoal iron furnaces and forges built between 1790 and 1850 that produced some of the highest quality iron in the nation. The reign of Juniata Iron ended with the rise of coal and coke . . . — — Map (db m95168) HM