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Crawford County Pennsylvania Historical Markers

 
Blooming Valley Honor Roll Marker image, Touch for more information
By Mike Wintermantel, June 20, 2014
Blooming Valley Honor Roll Marker
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Blooming Valley — Blooming Valley Honor Roll
Military Veterans Honor Roll (see photos for inscriptions) — Map (db m130632) WM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Cambridge Springs — Alliance College — 1912-1987
Founded in 1912 by the Polish National Alliance and dedicated by U.S. President William Howard Taft, Alliance College was one of the nation's first nationality colleges. Its mission was to provide educational opportunities for everyone, but . . . — Map (db m72989) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Cambridge Springs — Cambridge Springs
Between 1884 and 1915, this was a major health resort, founded upon the various mineral springs here. Dr. John H. Gray, who had discovered spring water on his farm, began prescribing and marketing it in 1884. By the early 1900s, some forty inns and . . . — Map (db m41025) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Cambridge Springs — Grant Street Bridge
Former location of a 200 foot, single-span Baltimore truss bridge constructed by the Youngstown Steel Company in 1896. This truss design was patented in the 19th century by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and adapted for highway use for crossings . . . — Map (db m132167) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Cambridge Springs — William D. Rider — 1846 - 1905
In 1895, William D. Rider, a prominent businessman, broke ground for the half - million dollar hotel and resort known as Hotel Rider. It opened on May 1, 1897 and was said to have been one of the finest hotels between New York City and Chicago and . . . — Map (db m132166) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Conneaut Lake — Blue Streak — Ace Roller Coaster Landmark
Ace Roller Coaster Landmark American Coaster Enthusiasts (ACE) recognizes Conneaut Lake Park's Blue Streak as an ACE Roller Coaster Landmark, a designation reserved for rides of historical significance. Constructed as part of a major . . . — Map (db m107699) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Conneaut Lake — Conneaut Reservoir
Raised some 10 feet by a 23-mile "feeder" from Meadville, this lake was the vital source of water for the highest part of the canal, 4 miles west. Lake water and traffic flowed north to Erie, south to the Ohio River. — Map (db m74625) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Conneaut Lake — Erie Extension Canal
Remains of the canal bed may be seen beside the railroad, below the bridge. Less than 2 miles away, this Shenango Line, from New Castle, united with the Conneaut Line, from Erie. The entire canal was in use 1844-1871. — Map (db m39918) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Conneaut Lake — Geology
Conneaut Lake is a kettle lake formed by the receding glacier during the last Ice Age, about 12,000 years ago. As the glacier melted, a large block of ice partially embedded in accumulated sediment formed the depression, which became the lake. . . . — Map (db m74623) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Conneaut Lake — The Ice Industry and the Ice Houses
Just east of Ice House Park stood two large wooden structures to store ice harvested from the lake during the winter. Inclined wooden ramps led from the frozen lake to storage within the buildings whose walls were 12 inches thick and filled with . . . — Map (db m74616) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Conneaut Lake — The Railroads
Railroad service came to Evansburg, (Conneaut Lake), in 1859 with the establishment of a station south of town at Stoney Point, a stop on the Atlantic and Great Western Railroad. Passengers and freight were transferred to horse buggies and wagons . . . — Map (db m74622) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Conneaut Lake — This Carousel
Welcome children of all ages. This Carousel has been making memories at Conneaut Lake Park - formerly Exposition Park - since approximately 1914. Assembled by T.M. Harton of Pittsburgh, who also owned and operated carousels at West View and . . . — Map (db m107703) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Conneaut Lake — This Tablet
[two tablets, identical heading] This tablet is dedicated to the citizens of this community who gave full measure of devotion to their country that civilization might endure. — Map (db m107713) WM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Conneaut Lake — To the Memory of the Brave
Dedicated Sept., 10, 1866. to the memory of the brave of Evansburgh & Sadsbury who fell for their country during the War of the Great Rebellion. Killed in Battle I. Graff, Apr. 6, 1865, ae. 34 yrs.; G.W.Boutell; May 5, 1864, ae. 22 yrs.; . . . — Map (db m107722) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Conneautville — Erie Extension Canal
Part of the old channel lies near the highway. The Conneaut Line, from Erie to near Conneaut Lake, was begun by the State, 1838, and completed by the Erie Canal Company, 1843-44. Canal in use until 1871. — Map (db m60439) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Conneautville — Oil-Producing Salt Well
Drilled here in 1815 by Samuel Magaw and William Clark to reach brine, a frontier source of salt. When it was deepened by Daniel Shryock to 300 feet in 1819, oil was struck. Because of this unwanted byproduct, the well and salt works here were . . . — Map (db m60441) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Hartstown — Erie Extension Canal
Cut off from the rest of Pymatuning Swamp by a 3-mile bank, this became the 600-acre "Pymatuning Reservoir" of the canal, which lay at its western edge. Begun by the State, 1838; finished by the Erie Canal Company, 1843-44. — Map (db m60437) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Allegheny College
Oldest college in continuous existence under the same name west of the Allegheny Mountains. Founded 1815. Chartered 1817. The college's first president, Timothy Alden, was architect of Bentley Hall, which became the center of administration. — Map (db m41020) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Baldwin House
Two blocks from here is the home built 1841 by Justice Henry Baldwin. Appointed to United States Supreme Court in 1830. As a member of Congress in 1816 to 1822, he was an early protective tariff advocate. — Map (db m41021) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Bicentennial
This red oak and time capsule placed in honor of the two hundredth year of the settlement of the Meadville Community — Dedicated July 4, 1988 ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ Other Centennial Trees 1 . . . — Map (db m132141) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Birthplace of the Direct Primary
Here in Crawford County on Sept. 9, 1842, direct primary elections were born when county Democrats used this system to nominate candidates for the legislature and county offices. Republicans here began voting by this method in 1860. This "Crawford . . . — Map (db m41024) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Bishop James M. Thoburn
Methodist missionary to India, south Asia, and the Philippines, 1859 to 1908. Upon retirement he lived in Meadville until his death in 1922. He is buried in Greendale Cemetery. — Map (db m55074) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Central Station — 1915
Built to replace the old fire headquarters in City Hall, Central Station housed the three engines of the newly automotive truck fleet. Upstairs sleeping quarters made a full time force possible and the fire bell was supplemented by an extensive . . . — Map (db m132127) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Chamber of Commerce
Founded in 1807 as the Society for the Encouragement of Domestic Manufacture and the Useful Arts, the nation's third oldest Chamber of Commerce met here in the old log courthouse, led by Crawford Messenger editor Thomas Atkinson and Holland Land . . . — Map (db m60448) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Chestnut St. Bridge
From 1830 to 1870 two waterways quartered the city: Mill Run, NE to SW, and the Feeder Canal, NW to SE. Here, for three blocks, they shared their courses before diverging; the Run to French Creek, the Canal Conneaut Lake, commercial contacts & . . . — Map (db m132125) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Col. William Crawford
In commemoration of Col. William Crawford born in Virginia in 1732, burned at the stake by the Delaware Indians near Sandusky, Ohio, June 11, 1782 Revolutionary soldier, friend and companion of Washington, brave and . . . — Map (db m132138) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Company "A" 211th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers
This tablet is erected in memory of the men who composed Company "A" 211th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, who enlisted in Crawford County and went forth in defense of their country in the Civil War of 1861-1865. Elias . . . — Map (db m132161) WM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Crawford County
Formed March 12, 1800 from Allegheny County. Meadville, in 1788, was the first permanent settlement in northwest Pennsylvania. In 1842 the nation's first direct primary was held here. Cradle of the oil and zipper industries. Named for Colonel . . . — Map (db m41026) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Crawford County's Tribute to Her Loyal Sons
1861 - 1865 — Map (db m132137) WM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Dedicated to All Veterans...
Dedicated to all veterans... In honor of those who gave the Ultimate Sacrifice Global War on Terror [Names not listed] World War I [Names not listed] World War II [Names not listed] Korea [Names . . . — Map (db m132131) WM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Desegregation of Pennsylvania Schools
An event here in September 1880 led to the end of segregation by race in the state's public schools. At the South Ward schools, Elias Allen tried unsuccessfully to enroll his two children. He appealed to the Crawford County Court of Common Pleas, . . . — Map (db m41027) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Erected May 12, 1888
Erected May 12, 1888 to mark the hundredth anniversary of the settlement of Crawford County and the founding of Meadville Pa. — Map (db m132128) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — First Christian Church
Reflecting the diversity of early religious life, the first church here was the Central or Second Presbyterian acquired in 1904 by the Christian Church. In 1963 a new sanctuary was built on North Main Extension and the Landmark brick Church razed. — Map (db m55072) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Founding Site of Allegheny College
Founding site of Allegheny College June 20, 1815 and of a Society for the encouragement of manufacturers and arts Feb. 12, 1807 now the third oldest chamber of commerce in the nation. — Map (db m132144) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — French Creek
The Riviere aux Boeufs of the French, renamed by George Washington in 1753. It had an important part in the French and Indian War and the settlement of northwestern Pennsylvania. — Map (db m60445) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — French Creek Feeder
The canal visible beyond the field was built 1827-1834. Repaired in 1841, it carried water from French Creek to Conneaut Lake, reservoir for the Erie Extension canal, which operated between Erie and New Castle , 1844-71. — Map (db m55065) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — French Creek Feeder
The canal bed beside the road is part of a channel constructed 1827-1834 to take water from Meadville to Conneaut Lake for the Erie Extension Canal. Two miles below here the Feeder crossed the creek by aqueduct. — Map (db m60444) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Hillcrest
Developed by Meaville Housing Corporation in 1936, it was the first project of its kind to be guaranteed by the FHA. Ninety seven industries, business concerns and individuals subscribed to the initial stock offering and the mortgage was . . . — Map (db m83698) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Historic District
Meadville's Downtown National Register District extends North from Clinton Court to North Street and West from Chancery Lane to Mulberry Street. It includes the institutional, commercial, industrial and residential hub of David Mead's original 1788 . . . — Map (db m55068) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Judge Derickson House — 1828
Built as a two-story Federal-style home by David Derickson, judge of the 6th District. An 1821 graduate of Allegheny College admitted to the Bar in 1823, he trained many early attorneys. The house, bought in 1848 by Hiram L. Richmond Esq., was . . . — Map (db m132143) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Library Hall
Built as a production facility for the Meadville Woolen Company, this building later served as market & meeting hall. From 1879 to 1925 it was the home of the Meadville Library, Art, and Historical Association then was converted to commercial use. — Map (db m55071) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — M60A1 — Built in 1972
Combat Weight: 105,000 pounds Length: 273" Width with gun forward: 371" Width: 141" Height: 126.8" Armament: 105mm M68 — 63 rounds 12.7 mm MG — 900 rounds .30 cal MG — 5950 round Engine: Continental 12 . . . — Map (db m132116) WM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Meadville
Founded in 1788 by David Mead and other settlers from the Wyoming region. In 1800 made county seat. First direct primary in United States held here in 1842. Making of hookless fasteners was pioneered here. — Map (db m41028) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Meadville Market House
Built in 1870, enlarged in 1916, rescued in 1970 by a community drive, the Meadville Market House is the oldest continuous use market structure in Pennsylvania. Here, in the ancient tradition, farmers and local craftsmen still present their goods . . . — Map (db m85233) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Meadville Woolen Mills
In 1810, on hand looms and spinning wheels, Meadville produced 16,818 yards of woolen material. By 1870 a steam-powered mill, built here where Mill Run and the Feeder Canal joined briefly, made fine woolens from the fleece of county sheep for . . . — Map (db m85237) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Meridian Building — 1926
The first "fireproof" building in Meadville, designed in the Chicago style, it was constructed without flammable material except for its window frames and doors. It was initially a medical professionals building with doctors and dentists on the . . . — Map (db m132126) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Mill Run
Essential to the growth of an early frontier town, this vigorous stream provided power to early mill wheels and water for fire fighting, and fed the French Creek Feeder Canal. By 1910 it was built over and largely lost to view. — Map (db m132118) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Raymond Philip Shafer — (1917-2006)
Pennsylvania State Senator, 1959-63, Lieutenant Governor, 1963-67, and Governor, 1967-71. The 1874 state charter was substantially reformed at a constitutional convention during his term. He promoted improvements in welfare, transportation, . . . — Map (db m41029) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Richard Henderson
Born a slave in Maryland in 1801, he escaped as a boy and about 1824 came to Meadville. A barber, he was long active in the Underground Railroad. His Arch Street house, since torn down, is estimated to have harbored some 500 runaway slaves prior to . . . — Map (db m41030) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Roddy Law Office
Canadian born Thomas Roddy was admitted to the Crawford County Bar in 1870. He served on City Council, library boards and Market House oversight committee. In 1881 he won Elias Allen's suit which desegregated Pennsylvania schools-all despite being . . . — Map (db m55069) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Site of First Court House and Gaol North of Pittsburgh
Site of First Court House and Gaol North of Pittsburgh 1804 - 1825 — Map (db m132146) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Site of the Gibson Tavern
Site of the Gibson Tavern where Lafayette rested and dined on his way through Meadville June 2 1825 — Map (db m132120) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Spirella Company
Founded 1904 Spirella, the world's largest corset maker, employed 1 of 27 local workers. A paternalistic management sponsored classes, an infirmary, library, cafeteria & ball team. This building with its north light windows was the primary sewing . . . — Map (db m132136) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — The Federal Building — 1910
This Georgian Revival post office and federal office complex, built to meet the needs of a rapidly growing community, provided office space for our Congressman, federal agencies, and later selective service and social security offices. Despite a . . . — Map (db m132134) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — The Kepler Hotel
The landmark Kepler Hotel, built in 1890, enlarged in 1923, served the community for 60 years. The Kepler family had operated hotels since 1812 at Woodcock, Venango, & Titusville before coming to Market Square in 1875. Revitalized 2003 by Meadville . . . — Map (db m85235) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — The Market House Plaza — 1985
In 1917 City Council acted to more than double the size of the Market House by lengthening the structure and adding a full second floor to house social service offices, meeting and rest rooms. In 1985 the former haymarket at the west side of Market . . . — Map (db m132123) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — The Masonic Building — 1913
Meadville's second "skyscraper", designed in the Beaux Arts style, was built as a home for the numerous Masonic orders and reflected the growth and prosperity of the early 20th century city. Converted to private ownership in 1995 , its commercial . . . — Map (db m132133) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — The Promenade de Fismes
The cities of Fismes, France and Meadville, U.S.A. have shared a long history of friendship dating back to World Wars I and II. In tribute to this special friendship this walkway in Diamond Park shall forever more be known as the Promenade de . . . — Map (db m132140) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — The Shryock Store — 1870
Built in 1870 as a 30' x 100' store front, this three-story building first housed a meat market, with offices and club social rooms upstairs. In 1901 the John J. Shryock store moved here and remained, the city's major home furniture store, until . . . — Map (db m132119) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — The Snodgrass Building — 1909
Dr. David Snodgrass built this office and residence and practiced here for 20 years. His widow rented the medical offices but retained her home here, creating apartments on the upper floor. An early answering and business service, begun for medical . . . — Map (db m132117) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — The Spirella Company
On this site were located the offices of the Spirella Company which produced made-to-measure corsets. The company provided jobs for 25 percent of Meadville's residents after the 1904 invention of a flexible steel stay by MM Beeman. Employee benefits . . . — Map (db m55067) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Unitarian Church
A fine example of Greek Revival architecture. It was erected in 1835-36 at a cost of $3500, mostly given by Shippen and Huidekoper families. Planned by the builder of Fort Sumter, General George W. Cullum. — Map (db m41031) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — War Veterans Memorial
This memorial dedicated to War Veterans of all wars who fought to preserve our country — Map (db m132129) WM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Within This Block
Within this block, John James Audubon sketched portraits in Colson's Store, Aug. 31 and Sept. 1, 1824, and General the Marquis de Lafayette was entertained at Gibson's Tavern, June 2, 1825. — Map (db m132121) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), New Richmond — John Brown Tannery
John Brown of Ossawatomie and Harper's Ferry worked here as a tanner, 1825-35. The nearby house was then his home. His first wife and son are buried near. — Map (db m50447) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), New Richmond — John Brown's Tannery
On the side road, a short distance south, are the remains of the tannery and home built by the noted abolitionist of Harper's Ferry fame. Here, he lived and worked from 1825 to 1835, employing as many as 15 men in producing leather. — Map (db m50446) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Saegertown — McGill House
Built in 1802 by Patrick McGill, this log house one of the oldest surviving homes in the French Creek Valley. McGill was a farmer, organized the first school, and served in the War of 1812. Saegertown was originally known as McGill's Settlement. — Map (db m60447) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Saegertown — Rural Electrification
Here on August 5, 1936, the State's first rural electric pole was placed by the Northwestern Rural Electric Cooperative Association. Incorporated on April 30, 1936, this was Pennsylvania's first such cooperative. By 1941, thirteen more had been . . . — Map (db m60446) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Amalie — Pennsylvania Motor Oil
William H. Daugherty lived in Titusville before founding the Daugherty Refinery in Petrolia, PA. Amalie was created in 1903 when L. Sonneborn & Sons bought Daugherty Refinery. It was the first refiner of mineral oils in the United States. In . . . — Map (db m134080) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Atlantic Motor Oil
ATLANTIC REFINING COMPANY 1859: Charles Lockhart and William Frew came to this region to drill for oil on the south bank of the Allegheny across from the mouth of Oil Creek in Venango County. Subsequently they bought out the Tarr Farm and . . . — Map (db m134083) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Brown Street Bridge
Brown Street Bridge ♦ A Steel and Wrought Iron Baltimore Through Truss Design, 175-foot span locally known as the Brown Street Bridge, was constructed on this site crossing Oil Creek between 1898-1899. Prior to replacement in 1991 . . . — Map (db m107775) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Byron D Benson — (1832-1888)
A founder and first president of Tidewater Pipe Co., est. 1878. He transformed the shipment of oil with a larger 6-inch pipe that covered greater distances than ever before. This pipeline was first to carry Pa. crude directly to coastal refineries. . . . — Map (db m64972) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Drake Well
Edwin I. Drake, a former railroad conductor , traveled to Titusville in 1857 to find and produce oil in commercial quantities Partnering with salt well driller and blacksmith "Uncle Billy" Smith, they persevered to strike oil in August 27, 1859 . . . — Map (db m133796) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Early Refinery
The first refinery in the Oil Creek Region for crude petroleum was built nearby in 1860. The first run of oil was made in 1861. Oil was first refined at Pittsburgh, about 1854, by Samuel Kier. — Map (db m64971) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Edwin L. Drake
The man who sank the first oil well is buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, and is commemorated by Niehaus's bronze figure of "The Driller." Drake Well is now a State park, a mile and a half south of Titusville. — Map (db m50476) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Exxon
Exxon origins can be traced to Titusville's Carter Oil, founded in 1893 by John J. Carter. Irish immigrant and Civil War veteran John J. Carter was awarded athe Medal of Honor for his bravery at the Battle of Antietam. After the war, he moved to . . . — Map (db m133824) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Gulf
Gulf Oil was one of the many companies formed at Spindletop in January 1901. In late 1901, James M. Guffey bought out the interests of his partners in the Lucas Well (Galey and Lucas) and formed the J.M. Guffey Petroleum Company. Guffey received . . . — Map (db m133640) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Ida M. Tarbell
Noted oil historian, biographer of Lincoln, journalist, lived in this house about six years. She was graduated from the Titusville High School in 1875. — Map (db m50497) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Ida Tarbell
Ida Tarbell was one of the most famous investigative journalists in American history. She was raised in Titusville during the oil boom. Her father, Franklin Tarbell, was an oil producer and investor. In 1872, she witnessed the destruction of her . . . — Map (db m133624) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — John A. Mather
Photographer of oil industry from 1860, lived in this house. His thousands of views form an extraordinary record of an industry that began here. Born, Bury, England, in 1829; died Titusville, 1915. — Map (db m50498) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — John Heisman
Shortly after John Heisman's birth in 1869, the Heisman family moved to Titusville where his father, Michael Heisman, was an oil investor and cooper. John Heisman was educated at Titusville schools and played varsity guard on the football team, . . . — Map (db m133875) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — John William Heisman — (1869-1936)
Renowned college football coach and name-sake for the sport’s highest amateur honor, the Heisman Memorial Trophy. His innovations included legalizing the forward pass, the center snap, the scoreboard, and game quarters. Heisman promoted player . . . — Map (db m50493) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Oil Creek
Along this stream the first white explorers found Indians skimming surface oil. From 1859 to 1865, the center of oil production and its refining was along the banks of Oil Creek. — Map (db m50494) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Oil Creek — Pennsylvania Petroleum Products
The Oil Creek Refining Company was founded by Dennis McGraw and incorporated in 1919-20. It was a "home-owned” oil refinery and operated in East Titusville. The company was the first to market motor oil in refinery-sealed, disposable cans . . . — Map (db m134081) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Penn-Drake Motor Oils
The Penn Drake brand was originated by the American Oil Works of Titusville. Michael Heisman (John Heisman's father), Frank VonTacky, William Teege, and Louis Walz created the American Oil Works in Titusville in 1885. Pennsylvania Refining . . . — Map (db m133880) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Pennzoil & South Penn
The Pennzoil brand comes from a long history of foundings and mergers that date back to 1886 when local men Henry Suhr, Samuel Justus, and Louis Walz founded the Penn Refining Company In 1914, Penn Refining merged with Germania Refining Company, . . . — Map (db m133876) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Quaker State Motor Oil
In 1914, Thomas and Hopewell Phinny of Oil City created Phinny's Quaker State Medium Oil. The Phinnys were granted a trademark for Quaker State in August 1921. Quaker State was financed and marketed by J.B. Berry Brothers of Oil City. The . . . — Map (db m133879) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Roberts Torpedo
First successful device for increasing the flow of oil by setting off an explosion deep in a well. It was publicly demonstrated in 1865. The nitroglycerin was made .4 mile south of here, along Hammond Run. — Map (db m50495) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Spindletop
Anthony F. Lucas began drilling a salt dome well with the Gladys City Company near Beaumont, Texas in 1899. When Lucas and his company ran out of money, John H. Galey and James M. Guffey, financed Lucas and formed a partnership named J.M. Guffey . . . — Map (db m133830) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — St. Titus Church
Many Roman Catholics came into the area during the oil boom which began in 1859. The Reverend Father DeLarouque, who had been presiding over mass in a cooper shop, decided a church was needed. Ground was broken on this property in 1862 and the . . . — Map (db m107779) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Standard Oil Company
John D. Rockefeller organized the Standard Oil Company in 1870. He owned wells in Titusville and Cleveland and began buying refineries in Pennsylvania and Ohio. By 1882, Standard Oil controlled 90% of the entire nation's refining capacity. The . . . — Map (db m133636) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Sterling Oil
Sterling Oil was created in the 1890s by P.J. Bayer as a marketing vehicle for Emlenton Refinery's "Sterling" cylinder engine and Dynamo oil for Erie and Western New York. It was acquired by Eastern Refining Company during World War I. For the . . . — Map (db m133716) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Sun Oil Co./Sunoco
Titusville residents Joseph Pew and E.O. Emerson organized the Sun Oil Company in March 1890. Based in Pennsylvania, Sun Oil was operated by the Pew family who became giants in refining and shipbuilding. The company went public in 1922 and was . . . — Map (db m133600) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Texaco
Texaco was formed at Spindletop in 1901 by Joseph Cullinan and Arnold Schlaet as the Texas Fuel Company. Cullinan served as president and general manager of Texaco. Joseph Cullinan was born in Sharon, Pennsylvania and lived part of his early . . . — Map (db m133839) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Tidewater
In 1865, Titusville residents Byron Benson, Robert Hopkins and David McKelvy started a sawmill in Enterprise (located just outside Titusville) to finance their drilling operation; which they named the Enterprise Oil and Lumber Company. In . . . — Map (db m134082) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Titusville Iron Company, 1860
The first machine shop and foundry built to serve the oil industry was located "a year and a mile from Drake Well." In 1889, new owners organized it as the Titusville Iron Company, Limited, under executive officers John Fertig and James Curtis . . . — Map (db m107782) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Titusville Oil Exchange
The industry's first permanent oil exchange was organized in 1871 by producers, refiners, dealers, brokers. Starting in the American Hotel on this spot, it moved to other sites; returned here in a new three-story brick building, 1881. Dissolved . . . — Map (db m50496) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Titusville Trust Company, 1919
"There are few bank buildings in America which equal this in permanence and quality of construction..." remarked architect Arthur Zimm. The Titusville Herald reported that "...few were prepared for the beauties revealed when its doors were . . . — Map (db m79974) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Titusvillia Drakei Caster
In ancient seabottom rocks exposed in this stream, the Holotype Specimen of a rare fossil sponge was found by Paleontologist Kenneth E. Caster. In 1939 in recognition of the support which brought the sciences of geology and paleontology to such . . . — Map (db m64970) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Union 76 Gasoline
Created in part by Cherrytree-born brothers Milton and Lyman Stewart, Union Oil Company of California was formed in 1890. After an early start not far from here in the Shamburg oil field, and serving in the Civil War, Lyman moved to Calfornia . . . — Map (db m133872) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Valvoline — Pennsylvania Motor Oils
In 1867 Dr. John Ellis developed cylinder oils in Pennsylvania and in 1873 was awarded a trademark for Valvoline. He marketed it as superior in quality to lard and fat in lubrication and was used by many railroads. Valvoline became the standard . . . — Map (db m133883) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Western NY and PA Railway Freight Station, 1892
In 1860, Thomas Struthers and his partners formed the Oil Creek Railroad to haul freight, coal, and oil between Corry and Petroleum Centre. The original station was destroyed in Titusville's great flood and fire of 1892, but rebuilt later that year. . . . — Map (db m107785) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Wolf's Head Oils and Lubes
In 1879, A.L. Confer constructed a refining still 18 miles from here in Reno, PA called the Empire Oil Works. He recognized a need for a better illuminating oil and used carefully controlled temperatures to create a high-quality kerosene. In . . . — Map (db m133887) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Venango — The Venango Veterans Memorial Bridge
At this location, the Venango Veterans Memorial Bridge once carried Cussewago Street over French Creek. It was an historically significant example of its type, and played an important role in the local history of Venango Borough and Cambridge . . . — Map (db m132164) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Venango — Venango Veterans Memorial
Erected in 1953 as a lasting tribute to the men and women of Venango and area who have served their country — Map (db m132162) WM

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