“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Forest County Pennsylvania Historical Markers

Indian Paths Marker image, Touch for more information
By Mike Wintermantel, September 3, 2012
Indian Paths Marker
Pennsylvania (Forest County), East Hickory — Indian Paths
Across the river here paths led over the hills to Oil Creek. Each year, in spring, the Indians used to travel westward to gather petroleum from the oil pits, boil maple sugar and make bark canoes. — Map (db m59081) HM
Pennsylvania (Forest County), East Hickory — Lawunakhannek
Name of Indian mission near here, at which the first Protestant church building west of the Allegheny Mountains was built by Zeisberger in 1769. Term is Delaware word meaning "northerly stream place". — Map (db m39882) HM
Pennsylvania (Forest County), Marienville — Pigeon
The name of this town recalls the now-extinct passenger pigeon, which in vast flights nested in the beech groves of this area. The nestlings were taken as food each spring by the Seneca Indians. — Map (db m59084) HM
Pennsylvania (Forest County), Tionesta — Damascus
Later name of Zeisberger's "Lower Town," located on opposite side of river here. Residence of a Seneca sentinel chief at the time. Town name was taken from the Munsee word, "muskrat." — Map (db m111179) HM
Pennsylvania (Forest County), Tionesta — Forest County
Formed April 11, 1848 from Jefferson County. Named for its extensive forests. Part of Venango County was added, 1866, and county seat moved from Marienville to Tionesta. Area notable for its Indian paths, and Zeisberger's mission to the Munsees, . . . — Map (db m59079) HM
Pennsylvania (Forest County), Tionesta — Howard Zahniser (1906-1964)
Conservationist and architect of National Wilderness Preservation System Act of 1964. Although he died four months before President Lyndon Johnson signed the bill, his efforts led to the preservation of over 100 million acres across the nation. . . . — Map (db m39881) HM
Pennsylvania (Forest County), Tionesta — Refugee Towns
This part of the Allegheny was allotted to Munsee and other displaced Indians by the Seneca before 1750. In 1767-70 Zeisberger worked among these refugee groups, then occupying three towns along the river here. — Map (db m39883) HM
Pennsylvania (Forest County), West Hickory — Goschgoschink
Name applied at the time of Zeisberger's arrival in 1767 to all three of the refugee Indian towns. Later the name was given to "Upper Town," located across the river at this point. — Map (db m39878) HM
Pennsylvania (Forest County), West Hickory — Hickory Town
Site across the river of Zeisberger's "Middle Town," later called Hickory Town. Here his noted dispute with Wangomen took place in 1767. Here too ended Indian paths from the south, by which trade goods were obtained. — Map (db m39879) HM

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