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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

York County Pennsylvania Historical Markers

 
Canal remains. image, Touch for more information
By William Pfingsten, March 1, 2008
Canal remains.
Pennsylvania (York County), Airville — Susquehanna and Tidewater Canal
Chartered by Pennsylvania, 1835; run by the canal company, 1840-1872, and the Reading Railroad till 1894. Followed the river for 45 miles below Columbia. — Map (db m5849) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Airville — Susquehanna Canal
Now housing the Tucquan Club, the nearby stone building was originally a warehouse for deposit and shipping on the canal. Masonry fragments and a portion of the canal-bed may be seen nearby. — Map (db m5850) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Airville — York Furnace Bridge
Site of York Furnace Bridge, last of the wooden bridges to be erected across the Susquehanna between Harrisburg and tidewater. The bridge was built by Black & Huber in 1856. During construction four spans of the section between Bair Island and the . . . — Map (db m5852) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Delta — Lock No. 12 — Link with the Past
Just north of this spot are the walls of what was once lock No. 12 of the old Susquehanna & Tidewater Canal, which paralleled the Susquehanna River 45 miles between Wrightsville, PA and Havre De Grace, MD. Built in 1836-39 and opened in 1840, the . . . — Map (db m42504) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Delta — Mason - Dixon Line
The historic boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland was surveyed, 1763-1767, by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon to settle border disputes between the two Provinces. This section of the Mason-Dixon Line was first surveyed June 26, 1765. — Map (db m3767) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Delta — Survivor of the Past
You are looking at the top of a restored lime kiln. Many of these were in use during the 1800's but have since become outmoded by large scale production techniques.

This double kiln has two circular pots, constructed of schist stone that held the . . . — Map (db m42505) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), Dillsburg — Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's Southern Cavalry
Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's southern cavalry numbering about 6000 men arrived in Dillsburg July 1, 1863 by Dover and Rossville. Local stores and the U.S. Post Office were vandalized before proceeding to Carlisle where orders were received for them to . . . — Map (db m11637) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Dillsburg — History of Dills Tavern
Dills Tavern is a twelve room structure erected in three phases from 1794 to 1819. The Dill family maintained a tavern in the area beginning in the 1750's. The tavern was one of several business ventures carried on at this site. A large farm, a mill . . . — Map (db m27003) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Dover — Gettysburg Campaign
On June 28, 1863, part of General Jubal Early's Confederate Division neared York by this route. Here Early sent Colonel French to York Haven to burn bridges. Ordered to rejoin Lee's army, most of Early's men returned over this road on June 30. — Map (db m26523) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Gettysburg — Jennie Wade
Jennie Wade, aged 20 years 2 months Killed here—July 3, 1863 While making bread for the Union soldiers — Map (db m87833) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Glen Rock — Cold Spring Hotel

In 1841, Phillip Sheffer bought from William Heathcote, the land on both sides of Main Street from Church Street to the Railroad crossing. In 1858, Sheffer sold the property at 45-55 Main Street, then called the tavern lot, to George . . . — Map (db m82355) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), Glen Rock — Creek and Rail — Heritage Rail Trail County Park

The Codorus Creek attracted this area's first European settlers, who used its water to power mills. The Creek's flat floodplain was also ideal territory for trains. In 1839, the Baltimore and Susquehanna, forerunner of the Northern Central . . . — Map (db m82358) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), Glen Rock — Glen Rock Auditorium

On July 17, 1912, the Glen Rock Musical Association purchased this property from Ben Abel with the intention of building a 500-seat auditorium. By the end of 1913 construction of the "Glen Rock Auditorium" was completed. The Item described it . . . — Map (db m82343) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), Glen Rock — Item Building / Bixler's

In 1884, Nathaniel Z. Seitz built the 4 Hanover Street section of this building to serve as the new home for Glen Rock's newspaper, the Item, of which he was editor from 1871 to 1886. In 1892, Dr. George P. Yost, editor from 1886 to . . . — Map (db m82341) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), Glen Rock — Roland Forrest Seitz — 1867 - 1946 — "Parade Music Prince"

This plaque is placed here to honor the life and works of Roland F. Seitz who graduated from Dana's Musical Institute in 1898 and returned to Glen Rock to spend his time in the field of music. He was a teacher, organist, band director, . . . — Map (db m82340) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), Glen Rock — The First National Bank

On June 1, 1864, The First National Bank of Glen Rock opened for business on Main Street in the train station. In July 1876, N.Z. Seitz built a building at this location. The Bank moved in on November 30, 1876. The building also contained a . . . — Map (db m82356) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), Glen Rock — The Glen Rock Woolen-Flour & Feed Mill
In 1827, William Heathcote built this building for use as a woolen mill. In 1851, the building was sold to Phillip Sheffer and Charles Olp. Sheffer bought out Olp and in 1852, converted the mill into a grist mill. In March 1885, Israel Glatfelter . . . — Map (db m71102) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Glen Rock — The Original Glen Rock Carol Singers

The English contingent in the village of Glen Rock was increased during the year 1848 by the arrival directly from England of Charles Heathcote, Mark Radcliffe, and George Shaw. As the yuletide season approached, on Christmas Eve 1848, Charles . . . — Map (db m82292) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), Glen Rock — Trains, Grains, and More Trains — Welcome to Glen Rock, Pennsylvania — Settled 1837 - Incorporated 1859

The trains allowed Glen Rock to send out what was made, as well as bring in new industries, due to the accessibility. The trains pumped in vitality, encouragement and convenience. The large brick building at the right was built by Emmanuel . . . — Map (db m82362) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), Hallam — Hallam Borough and Township Honor Roll
[Honor Roll of Veteran Names] God Guide and Protect Them — Map (db m39325) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — 19th Century Industrialization
From the earliest years, Hanover was known for skilled artisans and craftsmen who made shoes, saddles, breeches, gloves, clocks, bricks, flintlock guns and more. With 19th century industrialization, individual craftsmen transitioned to factory . . . — Map (db m5054) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — 20th Century Manufacturing
Sheppard & Myers Shoe Company (Hanover Shoe Company) expanded rapidly in the early 1900's with seven factories and several hundred company stores throughout eastern U.S., becoming Hanover's largest manufacturer. From the early 1900's, Hanover Wire . . . — Map (db m5061) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Abbottstown Street/Broadway
A Glimpse of Hanover's Past The chaotic fighting at the Center Square quickly spilled over onto several side streets, alleys, and fields. At the first sign of trouble, Major John Hammond led an organized withdrawal of the 5th New York Cavalry . . . — Map (db m8658) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Abraham Lincoln
One-half block east of here, on Nov. 18, 1863, Abraham Lincoln spoke briefly to townspeople from his special train. The President was traveling to Gettysburg for the dedication of the National Cemetery. — Map (db m14880) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln, on November 18, 1863, addressed the citizens of Hanover from the rear platform of a Hanover Branch Railroad Coach when the train bearing him to Gettysburg for the dedication of the National Cemetery came down a switch to the station . . . — Map (db m14902) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Army of the Potomac — July 1, 1863
First Corps marched from Marsh Run, Eleventh Corps from Emmittsburg to Gettysburg. Second Corps from Uniontown via Taneytown to near Gettysburg. Third Corps from Bridgeport via Emmitsburg to the field of Gettysburg. Fifth Corps from Union Mills via . . . — Map (db m77185) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Army of the Potomac — June 30, 1863
Headquarters Army of the Potomac moved from Middleburg to Taneytown. First Corps marched from Emmittsburg to Marsh Run, third Corps from Taneytown to Bridgeport. Fifth Corps from Liberty via Johnsville Union Bridge and Union to Union Mills. Sixth . . . — Map (db m77187) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Battle of Hanover
On the morning of June 30, 1863, Confederate Cavalry under General Stuart attacked the rear of Union Cavalry S E of here and, for a while, had possession of the town. The attack repulsed, Stuart withdrew in the evening. — Map (db m4995) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Battle of Hanover
June 30, 1863 between Brig. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick's 3rd Cavalry Division Army of the Potomac and Major Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's Cavalry Division Army of Northern Virginia — Map (db m4997) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Birthplace of John Luther Long
Birthplace of John Luther Long A distinguished son of Hanover, Pennsylvania Lawyer, Playwright, Novelist 1855-1927 Author of Madame Butterfly Source of famous Puccini opera and many other stories and plays. The community erects this . . . — Map (db m98363) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Conrad Moul - The Public Commons
The original Moul Townhouse stood to your right. It was the mirror image of the 215 Broadway townhouse behind you. By 1915, the Moul Family replaced it with the Neoclassical Revival style brick home designed by Dempwolf Architects of York, which you . . . — Map (db m22416) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Consequences on the Battle of Gettysburg
Possibly less than twenty minutes after the first shots, Hanover was once again in Union control. Although the intense fighting along Frederick Street had subsided, the conflict was far from finished. A standoff ensued as the Confederates retreated . . . — Map (db m5022) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Culture and Entertainment
Hanover's rich cultural history has included numerous bands, orchestras, drama organizations, and other musical groups. The Hanover Opera House no longer exists, but presented plays and concerts starting in 1887, eventually becoming a movie house. . . . — Map (db m5060) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Custer at Hanover
This painting by Civil war artist Dale Gallon is one of four paintings featuring Civil War weapons. George Armstrong Custer had been promoted from Captain to Brigadier General on June 28, 1863, and been given command of the Michigan Brigade, . . . — Map (db m5021) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Destruction of Private Property
During the June 1863 invasion of Pennsylvania, Confederate Lieutenant General James Longstreet explained to English observer Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Freemantle that the army planned to live off Northern land - and its citizens. But they would not . . . — Map (db m22752) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Digges' Choice, 1737
In 1681, King Charles II of England granted William Penn a colony in America to pay a debt the King owed Penn's father. This land, east of the Susquehanna River, was an area almost as large as England. In 1736, Iroquois Indians signed a treaty that . . . — Map (db m5057) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Fisher Place — 1846
. . . — Map (db m8654) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — General George Armstrong Custer
George Armstrong Custer was appointed brigadier general on June 29, 1863, and assigned as commander of the Michigan brigade which he led as the Union cavalry entered Hanover on the morning of June 30, 1863. Pastor Zieber stated, "During the charge . . . — Map (db m22628) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — George Washington
1732 - 1932 Stopped at an inn located on this site when passing through Hanover during his presidency. In commemoration of which event this tablet has been erected and dedicated by the Bicentennial Committee of Hanover Pennsylvania in Honour of . . . — Map (db m5006) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Gettysburg Campaign
On June 30, 1863, General J. Kilpatrick's Union Cavalry, hunting Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry, were attacked here by Stuart. Repulsed, Stuart tried to join early; finding him gone, he marched to Carlisle, failing to reach Gettysburg until July 2. — Map (db m5016) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Gettysburg Campaign
Men of Gen. Early's Confederate army, detached by Gen Gordon to destroy a bridge at Hanover Junction, passed through Hanover by this route, June 27, 1863. This work done, the detachment rejoined Gen. Gordon west of York. — Map (db m5029) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Hanover Architecture
Hanover's rich diversity of architectural styles ranges from Federal (1790) to contemporary. Victorian, Italianate, Romanesque, Neo-Classical, Art Deco, and Beaux Art styles dot the downtown. Look for the Richardsonian Romanesque (1900) with . . . — Map (db m5058) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Hanover in the Revolutionary war
Immediately after the Battle of Bunker Hill in June 1776, a company of Hanover, York and Gettysburg area citizens marched to Boston to support their fellow colonists. Another local battalion responded to the British threat to Long Island and New . . . — Map (db m5055) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Hanover's Wounded — Physicians Administer Aid
A lull in the fighting after the first charge of the Battle of Hanover prompted several Hanover physicians to begin caring for the wounded on the streets and sidewalks. Among them were Drs. George Hinkle, Henry Eckert, Horace Alleman, Jacob Smith, . . . — Map (db m4999) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — History of the Ten Commandments Monolith
May 1958 the Hanover Eagles Aerie #1406 Fraternal Order of Eagles erected the 10 Commandments Monument in Wirt Park, a Hanover Borough Park. April 2004 Hanover Borough Council Petitioned the York County Orphan's Court for the right to sell the . . . — Map (db m22656) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — In Memory and in Grateful Recognition of
Those heroic men of Hanover, Pennsylvania and vicinity, who gave their lives for their country in World War II Leon R. Ackerman • Eugene L. Alwood • Milton E. Appler • Edward C. Amspacher • Harper E. Baker • Vernon E. Bauerline • Monroe L. Becker . . . — Map (db m5012) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — In Search of Peace
For Those Who Served in Peace and War — Map (db m35278) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Inventions of Hanover
Fitz Water Wheel In the 19th century the I-X-L steel overshoot water wheel was developed and manufactured by Fitz Water Wheel Company of Hanover. The wheel superior efficiency made it widely used into the 20th century. By 1915, it was being . . . — Map (db m5053) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — J.E.B. Stuart's Jump
The ground occupied by the Confederate cavalry during the Battle of Hanover was the rich, rolling farmland found in much of southern Pennsylvania. On the eastern side of the Westminster Road there was a field of timothy, a grass widely grown for . . . — Map (db m5023) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Killed in Action at Hanover — Reformed Cemetery
Hanover photographer Peter S. Weaver, who operated a studio on Baltimore Street, recorded this view dated February 6, 1964. The man holding the book in the photo is Samuel Weaver, Peter's father. Samuel supervised the operation in which the remains . . . — Map (db m8648) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Kilpatrick Headquarters
On June 30, 1863, Gen. Kilpatrick, commanding the Third Division of the Union Cavalry, took headquarters in this building after part of his forces had been attacked by Confederate Cavalry SE of town. — Map (db m5005) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Major General George Armstrong Custer
1839 ---- 1876 Killed in Battle of Little Big Horn River, Montana, in Sioux Indian War. Was Brig. Gen. Commander of 1st, 5th, 6th, 7th, Michigan Cavalry Regiments and Pennington's Battery at the Battle of Hanover June 30, 1863. In the . . . — Map (db m77183) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Market House
Stood on this square from 1815 to 1872. Under the Market, at one end, was the jail. Equipment for fighting fires was kept here. Fairs and other public events were held under its roof. — Map (db m4998) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Mason-Dixon Line
The historic boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland was surveyed, 1763–1767, by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon to settle border disputes between the two Provinces. This section of the Mason-Dixon Line was first surveyed in late July and . . . — Map (db m2990) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — McAllister Tavern
Here, along the Monocacy Road, Richard McAllister erected a two-story log building and opened a store and tavern. In 1755, Benjamin Franklin was a guest at the tavern. Old building was razed in 1950. — Map (db m14933) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Mother Loses Two Sons to War
Mother Loses Two Sons to War - Within the span of one year, Elizabeth Hoffacker of West Manheim Township received the news of her two sons' deaths in combat during the Civil War. John, 24 years old, was promoted to corporal after being in the army . . . — Map (db m22654) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Passenger Pigeon
Across Lake Marburg on the northern horizon lie the Pigeon Hills, once inhabited by thousands of passenger pigeons. The monument at the top of the knoll replaces the original Boy Scout Memorial erected in the Pigeon Hills in 1947. The original . . . — Map (db m14929) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Passenger Pigeon
In the interest of the preservation of wildlife we here dedicate this memorial to the ill-fated passenger pigeon which from earliest pioneer days until the 1880s flocked to these Pigeon Hills. This migratory bird, now extinct, was once so plentiful . . . — Map (db m42198) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Pleasant Hill Hotel Becomes Hospital
"Every desired comfort is furnished in great abundance, and every luxury, with which this country abounds in great profusion, is supplied by sympathetic people, and administered to the suffering wounded by devoted women. A heartier response to the . . . — Map (db m22722) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Richard McAllister
Founder of Hanover In 1745, Richard McAllister purchased 217 acres from John Digges, establishing the original town of Hanover. Hanover is situated at the crossroads of two major colonial highways - the Monocacy Trail from Lancaster, . . . — Map (db m5056) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — The Battle of Hanover
The engagement fought in Hanover may have had an effect on the outcome of the Battle of Gettysburg. As General Robert E. Lee moved north toward Pennsylvania in June 1863, Major General J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry began to ride around the Union Army and . . . — Map (db m22694) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — The Confederates Invade Pennsylvania
In early June 1863, the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia led by General Robert E. Lee began to leave its camps in Virginia and march northward to Pennsylvania. Lee hoped that a victory on Northern soil might break the will of the Northern . . . — Map (db m5020) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — The Confederates Take Stock
"After they had passed out Frederick Street the doctor and I picked up three or four dead soldiers, lying in the street between Centre Square and the Reformed Church, and carried them to the side-walks" -Rev. Wm. K. Zeilber, pastor Emmanuel . . . — Map (db m10394) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — The Daniel Trone House
Fragments of several Union and Confederate cavalry regiments continued to fight a running battle as they galloped on horseback along Frederick Street. Other Confederate bands had retreated down the intersecting alleys and streets. This action . . . — Map (db m5026) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — The Forney Farms — Fighting Focused on Forney Lands
As the initial attack by the 13th Virginia and 2nd North Carolina Cavalry Regiments gained momentum, they charged along Frederick Street and through the Forney fields which were located on the land in front of you. On your left, the retreating Union . . . — Map (db m8652) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — The Hanover Spectator Covers the Battle
"Our town on Tuesday for the first time saw and felt all the incidents, scenes and horrors of actual war." The Hanover Spectator, founded by Senary Leader in 1844, was owned by his widow, Maria, at the time of the Civil War. It was published . . . — Map (db m8650) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — The Jacob Wirt House
At approximately 8:00 a.m. the head of Kilpatrick's Union Cavalry Division halted on Frederick Street. When Reverend William K. Zieber, pastor of Emmanuel Reformed Church learned about the hungry cavalrymen, he encouraged the crowd of townspeople to . . . — Map (db m104722) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — The Mary Ann Forge and Furnace
The Mary Ann Forge and Furnace was one half mile east of this marker. Founded 1761-62 by George Ross, Signer of the Declaration of Independence and Mark Bird on Friendship Tract along Furnace Creek, cannon and cannon balls were produced for General . . . — Map (db m22820) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — The Square is Now Recaptured — The Scattered Debris of Battle
From Hanover's Center Square, major roads radiate to York, Baltimore, Frederick and Carlisle. For the second time that day the Center Square would become the scene of brutal combat. A few blocks to the north, nearly 400 mounted cavalrymen from . . . — Map (db m4996) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — The Turning Point
Elements from the 2nd North Carolina Cavalry Regiment charged past this point in pursuit of disorganized remnants of the 18th Pennsylvania Cavalry Regiment which was retreating toward the railroad tracks. The Union Cavalry appeared to have abandoned . . . — Map (db m8647) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — The Winebrenner House
"We had better go down stairs; we are in danger here," Mrs. Henry Winebrenner said to her daughter, Martha, after seeing the flash and hearing the roar from Confederate artillery. - The Evening Herald, January 25, 1904 Confederate . . . — Map (db m8653) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — The Winebrenner Tannery — The Scene of Repeated Cavalry Charges
By the time the counter attack on the 5th New York Cavalry Regiment had reached this area, the center of Hanover was once again under Union control. The New Yorkers continued along Frederick Street but were soon halted by gunfire from Confederate . . . — Map (db m5025) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Trinity United Church of Christ
Founded in 1883 to preserve Germanic teaching and Reformed dogma. The present church occupies the first lot sold in Hanover in 1763 to the German Calvinist Church. Present church constructed in 1884, renovated in 1910, 1932, 1954, and 1995. — Map (db m14963) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Women Tending to Wounded
On June 30, 1863, the quiet little town of Hanover suddenly exploded in gunfire and bloodshed. The Battle of Hanover, fought between Confederate Cavalry led by Major General J.E.B. Stuart and Brigadier General Judson Kilpatrick's Union Cavalry, . . . — Map (db m22748) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Jefferson — Gettysburg Campaign — Raid on Jefferson
In June and July of 1863, about 7500 Confederate and Union soldiers passed through Jefferson, taking horses, livestock, supplies, and food from local residents. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's rebel troops occupied the town on June 30. Plundered by both North . . . — Map (db m29577) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Jefferson Borough — Honor Roll — World War I Memorial
1917                 1918 This tablet is erected to honor the boys who from this town and community gave their lives and services during the World War ending by Armistice signed November 11th, 1918, 11:00 A. M. Peace terms signed June . . . — Map (db m30457) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Jefferson Borough — Jefferson Public Square

Settled 1812 Incorporated 1866

Dedicated as the Civic Centre 1927 — Map (db m82285) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), Lewisberry — First Pinchot Road
To "get the farmer out of the mud" was the road from here to Rossville. Gov. Gifford Pinchot broke ground here, July 23, 1931, to inaugurate the rural road improvement program of the Pennsylvania Department of Highways under the Act of June 22, 1931. — Map (db m5867) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Mount Wolf — Codorus Furnace
Erected in 1765 by William Bennet. Operated by James Smith, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, during the Revolutionary War. It is the oldest remaining landmark of the iron industry in York County. The old furnace, now restored, is 2.5 . . . — Map (db m5862) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Mount Wolf — Codorus Furnace
Erected in 1765 by William Bennet. Operated by James Smith, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, during the Revolutionary War. this site is the oldest remaining landmark of the iron industry in York County. — Map (db m5864) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Seven Valleys — 3-inch Rifles — Civil War Veterans
Sure Fire "The Yankee 3-inch rifle was a dead shot at any distance under a mile. They could hit the end of a flour barrel more often than miss, unless the gunner got rattled." - A member of Lumsden's Confederate Battery, 1864 The . . . — Map (db m29603) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Seven Valleys — Birthplace of Commercial Ice Cream Production
In 1851 C. Jacob Fussell built a factory nearby to produce ice cream from the surplus milk and cream of York County dairy farmers. This was the first time that ice cream had been mass-produced for commercial distribution in the US. The nearby . . . — Map (db m84644) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Seven Valleys — Glatfelter Station — Heritage Trail County Park — York County, Pennsylvania
Casper Glattfelder and his family migrated from Glattfelden, Switzerland in 1743 and settled across this creek in Cordorus Township about 1747.

Through the generosity of Arthur J. Glatfelter and in cooperation with the Board of Directors of the . . . — Map (db m84243) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), Seven Valleys — Hanover Junction
Here, Nov. 18, 1863, a special train carrying Abraham Lincoln and party to Gettysburg for dedication of National Cemetery changed railroads. Earlier in that year, wounded soldiers were transported from Gettysburg battlefield to this Junction, thence . . . — Map (db m5874) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Seven Valleys — Hanover Junction Vital Crossroads
As its name implies, Hanover Junction was once a transportation hub. It's where the Northern Central Railway met the Hanover Branch Railroad, which traveled west to Hanover and Gettysburg. Look to your right and you'll see the restored track split. . . . — Map (db m5875) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Seven Valleys — St. Paul's (Ziegler's) Lutheran Church
St. Paul's (Ziegler's) Lutheran Church was established in 1771 by German settlers. A log building was erected in 1771 and was replaced by a stone church on this site in 1805. In 1907 the current brick church to the southeast was built. Dedicated in . . . — Map (db m103445) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Seven Valleys — York Iron Company Mine
Site of the last visible remains of an industry that had a major impact on SW York County. This mine opened in 1854 "the year iron ore was first discovered nearby" and was later purchased by York Iron. At the industry's height, 15 mines were in . . . — Map (db m5870) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Shrewsbury — Amanda Berry Smith (1837-1915)
A renowned evangelist and singer, born a slave in Maryland. Her father bought the family's freedom, and they moved to a farm near here. While still a child she was converted at this church. She committed her life to missionary work and traveled in . . . — Map (db m4544) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Shrewsbury — Spurgeon Milton Keeny — (1893-1988)
The humanitarian's boyhood home. Served worldwide, 1917-76. In Asia, directed UNICEF; aided family planning. Chief, UN's Italy relief; assisted Russian relief. A YMCA officer in Mesopotamia, Siberia, Estonia, Poland; later was on its U. S. Council. — Map (db m4546) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Springetts Manor-Yorklyn — Camp Security
A prison camp built in 1781 to detain British troops surrendered by Gen. Burgoyne at Saratoga, N.Y. and their families. Prisoners captured at Yorktown, Va. arrived later. It was guarded by York County militia and Continental troops until operations . . . — Map (db m31803) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Wellsville — Korean War, Vietnam War, Gulf War Memorial

Korean War June 1950 to Jan. 1955 [Honor Roll of Veterans]

Vietnam War 1964-1975 [Honor Roll of Veterans]

Gulf War [Honor Roll of Veterans] — Map (db m101152) WM

Pennsylvania (York County), Wellsville — Methodist Episcopal Church

This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m101167) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), Wellsville — Veterans Memorial

In honor of all those from Wellsville & Warrington Township who served in the Armed Forces

1776 - 1976

"They also serve, who only stand and wait" — Map (db m101124) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), Wellsville — Warrington Meeting House
Site of Friend's meeting house since 1745. Present building erected 1769, enlarged 1782. Preserved in its early state, and used for regular meetings. — Map (db m5868) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Wellsville — Wellsville

Named for Abraham Wells Founded 1737 — Map (db m101122) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), Wellsville — World War I Memorial

"In honor of the Boys of Wellsville and Vicinity who entered the service of our country to make the world safe for democracy"

U S Honor Roll Lt. Walter W. Hoover • Pr. Arthur O. Lewis Lt. Jacob T. March • Pr. Robert D. . . . — Map (db m101149) WM

Pennsylvania (York County), Wellsville — World War II Memorial

Roll of Honor from Wellsville and the surrounding area These men and women served our nation and the world in World War II 1941 - 1945

World War II Vets [Names not transcribed] — Map (db m101151) WM

Pennsylvania (York County), West York — 1917 1919
In honored memory of the men of York County who at the call of their country entered the service to fight in the World War and gave their lives in defense of liberty, right and justice. — Map (db m4604) WM
Pennsylvania (York County), West York — Gettysburg Campaign
June 28, 1863, Confederate Gen. Gordon's brigade of Early's division followed this rout through York to Wrightsville. Early's main force remained here until June 30, when it left to rejoin Lee's Army. — Map (db m4605) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), West York — York Inter-State Fair
Recognized as America's oldest agricultural fair, dating its origin from a charter issued by the Penns in 1765. Discontinued after 1815, the fair has been conducted annually since 1853 by the York County Agricultural Society. The present ground has . . . — Map (db m4602) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Wrightsville — 1861 - 1865
. . . — Map (db m5082) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Wrightsville — American Legion Monument
(Side 1): Greater love hath no man than this: That he lay down his life for a friend. (Side 2): Honoring the men and women of this community who served our country in all wars. (Side 3): To those who served our country . . . — Map (db m5066) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Wrightsville — America's First Iron Steamboat
The "Cordorus," built in York by John Elgar, was launched at present-day Accomac, on the Susquehanna River, Nov. 22, 1825. the site is about two miles distant. — Map (db m5063) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Wrightsville — Burning the Wrightsville Bridge — River Towns - Civil War Trails
By late June 1863, the Confederate Army had invaded Pennsylvania. After capturing York, the Rebels planned to take the state capital, Harrisburg, and possibly Philadelphia. To get there, they would need to cross the Susquehanna River at . . . — Map (db m31807) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Wrightsville — Captain Thomas Cresap
1703 - 1790 A Marylander Settled on these indian lands of Conejohela in 1730 and held them for Lord Baltimore against the Penn Proprietors until 1736, when in the border war he was burned out of this log house or fort near this . . . — Map (db m5861) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Wrightsville — Cresap's Fort
Thomas Cresap settled here about 1730 on lands claimed by Lord Baltimore of Maryland. Forcibly evicted in 1736 by Penn agents who burned his "fort", Cresap moved to Western Maryland, where he continued active in frontier affairs and died about 1790. — Map (db m5858) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Wrightsville — Flame of Freedom
Dedicated to those who served to keep alive the flames of freedom. Erected in observance of the 50th anniversary of the American Legion by Post 469 Wrightsville, Penna. on May 30, 1969. — Map (db m5081) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Wrightsville — Gettysburg Campaign
Confederate troops, sent from York by Gen. Early to cross the river and march on Harrisburg, reached here June 28, 1863. U.S. militia withdrew, firing the bridge and barring any Southern advance beyond the river. — Map (db m5064) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Wrightsville — Hosting the Invader — Rivertowns - Civil War Trails
Four decades after the Civil War, the June 1863 fire at Wrightsville still loomed in Confederate General John Brown Gordon's memory. "The Union Troops stationed at Wrightsville had," he wrote, "after their retreat across it, fired the bridge which I . . . — Map (db m31818) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Wrightsville — Springetsbury Manor
Established by warrant of June, 1722; resurveyed in 1768. Extending from the Susquehanna to about 18 mi. west, and about 3 mi. on each side of this highway, it was largest reserved estate of the Penns in Pennsylvania. — Map (db m5074) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Wrightsville — Susquehanna and Tidewater Canal
Chartered by Pennsylvania, 1835; run by the canal company, 1840 - 1872, and the Reading Railroad till 1894. Followed the river for 45 miles below Columbia. — Map (db m5067) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Wrightsville — Susquehanna and Tidewater Canal
Chartered by Pennsylvania, 1835; run by the canal company, 1840-1872, and the Reading Railroad till 1894. Followed the river for 45 miles below Columbia. — Map (db m5857) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Wrightsville — Susquehanna Canal
Masonry visible beside the river remains from a lock of the canal which carried goods southward from Columbia, and provided an outlet for trade from Pennsylvania to Baltimore. — Map (db m5854) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Wrightsville — Susquehanna River Water Trail
Lower Section - York Haven to Safe Harbor PFBC Wrightsville Access The Susquehanna River is an American treasure reflecting the places and people of the Pennsylvania heartland. Enjoy your trip on the Susquehanna River Water Trail - an . . . — Map (db m5079) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Wrightsville — The River: a Corridor and a Barrier — Lancaster-York Heritage Region — Susquehanna River Water Trail
Although the Susquehanna has long been a north-south transportation corridor, it was an impediment to east-west traffic. As early as the seventeenth century,ferries emerged at various points along the river to overcome this barrier. John Wright, an . . . — Map (db m31816) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Wrightsville — The Susquehanna and Tidewater Canal
Before the hydroelectric companies built dams on the river in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the lower reaches of the Susquehanna were shallow, rocky, and virtually unnavigable. In the 1830s, Baltimore merchants campaigned for . . . — Map (db m5078) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Wrightsville — U.S.S. Maine Memorial
In Memoriam U.S.S. Maine Destroyed in Havana Harbor February 15, 1898 This tablet is cast from metal recovered from the U.S.S. Maine — Map (db m5080) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Wrightsville — Veterans Memorial Bridge
(North Side):Dedicated in honor of the Sons and Daughters of Lancaster and York Counties, Pennsylvania who have served in the wars of their country (South Side):Columbia-Wrightsville Bridge Built by Lancaster-York Intercounty Bridge . . . — Map (db m31805) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Wrightsville — Wrightsville
Gateway to the West - Wrightsville was settled in the 1720s by Quakers, including the John Wright family. Wright established a ferry and Wrightsville became a major point of crossing the Susquehanna River by pioneers traveling west. In 1811 Jacob . . . — Map (db m5065) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Wrightsville — Wrightsville's Lime Kilns
Lime Kilns such as these were used for burning limestone and turning it into lime. The lime was used for fertilizer, white-wash, plaster, and deodorant for outhouses. Quarried limestone was also used along with coal and iron ore to make pig iron in . . . — Map (db m32625) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — "Men who don't often weep wept then" — Prelude to Gettysburg
(Front): Faced with the impossible task of defending an essentially unarmed city against the six thousand battle hardened troops of General Jubal Early, the citizens of York met with the Confederates and negotiated surrender, in and act which . . . — Map (db m22888) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — "York House"
Built in 1860 by Charles Billmeyer, railroad car manufacturer. Noted for its hand-painted ceiling and exquisite interior ornamentation, building is outstanding example of mansion-type Victorian architecture. — Map (db m4594) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — 148 East Philadelphia Street

This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m100700) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), York — 455 West Market Street

This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m100653) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), York — 459 West Market Street

This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m100655) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), York — Articles of Confederation
Our nation's first constitution. Adopted November 15, 1777, in the York County Courthouse, the Articles united the 13 colonies by establishing the government of the United States of America. Remained in effect until replaced by the Constitution in . . . — Map (db m4550) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — Black Horse Tavern
Old tavern stood on this site, which was the lot granted to Baltzer Spengler by the sons of William Penn for services in the laying out of York in 1741. — Map (db m4561) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — Bob Hoffman (1898 - 1985)
The "Father of World Weightlifting" & founder of the York Barbell Club was the U.S. Olympic weightlifting coach, 1948-64; also actively promoted the sports of powerlifting & bodybuilding. Served as an official advisor on youth physical fitness for . . . — Map (db m4607) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — Captain Michael Doudel's Company
Near this site, Captain Michael Doudel's company of York County riflemen mustered on July 24, 1775. Prior to their 600-mile journey to join General George Washington at the siege of Boston, Massachusetts. These frontier patriots were the first to . . . — Map (db m4579) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — Cherry Lane
Wall of History on Cherry Lane The outlines of roofs, chimneys, windows and rafters mark the structures which once stood on this site. A. Unfinished brickwork indicates the shadow of a steep roofed log house built by a prosperous . . . — Map (db m4565) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — Civil War Memorial

Erected in memory of the Defenders of the Union 1861-5

United States Hospital, Established at York. 1862.

The dead here interred were soldiers of the Union from sixteen states who died in hospital, at their homes or on . . . — Map (db m82395) HM WM

Pennsylvania (York County), York — Colonel Thomas Hartley
On this site was the house of Col. Thomas Hartley, first congressman from York County. In 1777, he was prominent in the defense of Philadelphia; led an expedition to avenge the wyoming Massacre in 1778. — Map (db m4566) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — Continental Treasury
. . . — Map (db m4553) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — Fallen Heroes Memorial

"When you go home. Tell them of us and say For their tomorrow. We gave our today."

John Maxwell Edmonds — Map (db m82373) WM

Pennsylvania (York County), York — Gen. Horatio Gates
This building was the residence of Gen. Gates in 1778. At that time he was President of Board of War. It was said that the "Conway Cabal" was thwarted here by Lafayette's loyalty to Washington. — Map (db m4573) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — Gen. Wayne Headquarters
Building erected in Colonial Period was headquarters of Gen. Anthony Wayne while his command was in York, Feb. - May, 1781, awaiting orders to join Lafayette in the Yorktown Campaign. — Map (db m4571) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — General Marquis de Lafayette 1757 - 1834
Member Society of the Cincinnati of France. Presented jointly by the State Society of the Cincinnati and the City of York, Pennsylvania, this day January 27th 2007. "Serving America is to my heart an inexpressible happiness" General Marquis de . . . — Map (db m4574) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — Globe Inn
Many distinguished persons stayed at old inn located on this site. Here, in 1825, Lafayette was given a reception. His toast "To the Town of York" is memorable. — Map (db m4558) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — Golden Plough Tavern
Possibly the oldest surviving building in York. Built, c. 1741, by Martin Eichelberger, native of the German Black Forest. Its massive hewn half-timbers reflect a style almost unknown today, of medieval architecture. — Map (db m4583) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — Hall & Sellers Press
First printing press west of Susquehanna River was set up on this site. Here, government publications and continental currency were printed while Congress met in York, Sept. 1777 to June 1778. — Map (db m4569) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — In the Old Court House here at York
The French Alliance was ratified by the Continental Congress May 4, 1778. In the darkest period of the Revolutionary War it brought hope and joy to General Washington and the Continental Army at Valley Forge. the aid thus secured made possible . . . — Map (db m4577) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — J. Allen Baer House — 426 West Market Street — C. 1898

has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m100656) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), York — Jacob L. Devers (1887-1979)
Born and raised here, he rose to the rank of Four Star General, 1945. the Army's youngest Brig. Gen. In 1940; he became commander of European operations in World War II and had a key role in the liberation of France, 1944. Buried, Arlington National . . . — Map (db m4600) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — James Smallwood Schoolhouse
Built in 1892, this school was part of a movement to create schools for the education of black students by black teachers, and is representative of the national struggle for equal education, regardless of race. Named in memory of James Smallwood, . . . — Map (db m4598) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — James Smith
A signer of the Declaration of Independence, delegate to Continental Congress, Colonel of Associators, lawyer and ironmaster, lies buried in this churchyard. — Map (db m4592) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — Lewis Miller 1796 - 1882
A carpenter by trade, Lewis Miller was a self-taught artist whose whimsical sketches capture the character and spirit of York. Miller created several hundred watercolor images that depict extraordinary events and everyday life in York County. . . . — Map (db m4562) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — Major John Clark
Revolutionary officer, aide-de-camp to General Greene, Auditor of the Continental army, lived on this site. — Map (db m4567) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — McClean House
On this site stood the house of Archibald McClean; surveyor for the Penns, county officer, and ardent patriot. Traditionally the Treasury of U.S., 1777-1778, while York was national capital. — Map (db m22853) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — Penn Common
York, Pennsylvania. Since 1741, when the town of York was founded, Penn Common has been used as an area for public gatherings. In 1816, the Common was deeded to the Borough of York by the heirs of William Penn, to be kept as a “public . . . — Map (db m5917) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — Philip Livingston
One of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence; died in June, 1778, while attending Continental Congress as delegate from New York. His grave is about 300 feet west of here. — Map (db m4599) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — Phineas Davis
Site of shop where, in 1831, Davis designed and built first coal-burning locomotive steam engine in United States, called "The York." Here, also, was built "The Codorus," first iron steamboat made in America. — Map (db m4597) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — Provincial Courthouse
Continental Congress held its session, Sept. 30, 1777 - June 28, 1778 in Courthouse which stood in the center of this square. Here, Treaties with France and Articles of Confederation were adopted. — Map (db m4560) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — Purple Heart Memorial

A tribute to Combat Wounded Veterans who gave so much of themselves in all wars

Purple Heart Medal Est. 1782

Dedicated May 30, 2001 — Map (db m108570) WM

Pennsylvania (York County), York — Reformed Theological Seminary Site — In The Name of God, Amen.

This tablet, marking the site of the Theological Seminary of the Reformed Church in the United States during its location at York, from 1829 to 1836, is placed by Zion's Classis in grateful remembrance of the church fathers who here laid . . . — Map (db m100668) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), York — Soldiers and Sailors of the Late War of the Rebellion
In memory of the York County soldiers and sailors of the late War of the Rebellion, 1861–1865. — Map (db m5924) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — The First Court House of York County
The first court house of York County was erected in Centre Square, York, Pa. 1754-1756. The second court house was built on this site 1838-1840 and was remodeled and enlarged 1898-1900. John W. Bittenger, P.J. W.F. Bay Stewart, J. Commissioners, . . . — Map (db m22882) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — The First National Thanksgiving
Was proclaimed from York by the Continental Congress on November 1, 1777 to be celebrated on Thursday, December 18. It was written by Sam Adams of Massachusetts. "The Father of the Revolution," who advocated for the first time "one day of public . . . — Map (db m4549) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — The Four Chaplains
On February 3, 1943, The Four Chaplains aboard the troop carrier USS Dorchester gave their life jackets to others aboard the torpedoed ship. As the ship sank into the cold waters of the North Atlantic, the four men of God linked arms and died . . . — Map (db m4572) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — The Underground Railroad and Precursors to War
Among the events in the 1850s that helped drive the nation into civil war, the Christiana Riot put a controversial new law to a bloody test. The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 ordered federal officers to arrest suspected runaway slaves; it also . . . — Map (db m22892) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — Veterans Memorial

This flag pole is dedicated to the men and women veterans of York County by the Joint Veterans Council to honor all living and departed veterans. May the Stars and Stripes fly forever from this pole as a symbol of freedom as it did . . . — Map (db m108568) WM

Pennsylvania (York County), York — Veterans Memorial Gold Star Healing & Peace Garden — Dedicated June 9th, 2012

Inspired by a Gold Star Mother's love for her fallen son, the Veterans Memorial Star Healing & Peace Garden is a thoughtfully designed commemorative arboretum dedicated to all who serve in the United States Armed Forces. This living monument is . . . — Map (db m108566) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), York — War Memorial

Dedicated to the everlasting memory of those who sacrificed their lives on the altar of freedom in all wars.

To those who served our country in time of war for the freedom of all men everywhere They gave their today for our . . . — Map (db m108572) WM

Pennsylvania (York County), York — William C. Goodridge
Here lived an ex-slave born 1805, who became a prominent York businessman, 1824-1863. Tanner, newspaper distributor, barber. Erected York's first five-story building. His 13 rail cars operated commercially and were used in his work for the . . . — Map (db m5030) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — William C. Goodridge — Businessman, Abolitionist

Born into slavery in 1805, William C. Goodridge was sent to York at age six to apprentice as a tanner. At age 16, Goodridge was given his freedom, left York and was trained as a barber. He returned to York in the 1820s. After opening a barber . . . — Map (db m100702) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), York — William C. Goodridge, Entrepreneur

Born a slave in 1806, William C. Goodridge was freed in 1822, when he began his long, successful career as a businessman. His first enterprise was a barber shop, located on York's Centre Square. Next, he opened a five-story retail store on the . . . — Map (db m100658) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), York — York
Laid out in 1741, by order of the Proprietors; the first Pennsylvania town west of the Susquehanna River. Seat of the Continental Congress, 1777-78; birthplace of the Articles of Confederation. — Map (db m4548) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — York — Capital of the Nation
. . . — Map (db m4581) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — York and York County World War II Memorial
In Honor and Memory of World War II Veterans — Map (db m4559) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — York County
Formed August 19, 1749 from Lancaster County, it was Pennsylvania's fifth to be established. York, the county seat, was laid out in 1741. Continental Congress met in York, 1777-78. Here it adopted Articles of Confederation; ratified treaties with . . . — Map (db m4576) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — York County Prison
The old county prison stood on this site from about 1750-1855. In early years of the Revolution, prominent British prisoners of war were held here. — Map (db m4596) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — York County's 250th Anniversary

Founded in 1749, York County was the fifth county in Pennsylvania and the first to be formed west of the Susquehanna River. Convinced that the area had gained sufficient population, wealth, and the need for a local government, the provincial . . . — Map (db m100699) HM

Pennsylvania (York County), York — York Liberty Bell
Old bell originally hung in Provincial Courthouse; now in the vestibule of this church. Announced the signing of Declaration of Independence and sessions of Congress when it met in York. — Map (db m4591) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — York Meeting
A center for Friends' activities since 1766. It is the oldest existing house of worship in York. The eastern part of the building was erected in 1766; the western part about 1783. — Map (db m4590) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York — York surrenders to save city
In 1863, York became the largest Northern town occupied by the Confederate Army. The center of one of the richest farming regions in the Union, York was virtually defenseless as the Rebels approached. When Major General Jubal A. Early neared, the . . . — Map (db m22890) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York Township — York Imperial Apple
Here, at a nursery located on Springwood Farms, a new variety of apple was propagated by Jonathan Jessop in 1820. In 1855 it was named the “York Imperial.” It became a leading variety which was widely grown in the U.S. — Map (db m5907) HM

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