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Maury County Tennessee Historical Markers

 
1946 Columbia Race Riot Marker image, Touch for more information
By Tom Bosse, July 3, 2016
1946 Columbia Race Riot Marker
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — 3D 83 — 1946 Columbia Race Riot
In February 1946 a struggle between an African American World War II veteran, James Stephenson, and a white shopkeeper over a radio repair order sparked a riot, fueled by law enforcement officers who raided the African American business district . . . — Map (db m97098) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — 3D 83 — A.J. Morton Funeral Home
In 1891 former slave J.M. Morton established the first undertaking business to serve African Americans in Maury County. Known later as A.J. Morton E Sons Funeral Home, descendants of Morton owned and operated the business for almost 100 years. . . . — Map (db m97099) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — 3D 18 — Advance and Retreat
In this house, Lt. Gen. Hood established his command post while bypassing Maj. Gen. Schofield's force at Columbia, Nov. 24, 1864. Here also, Dec. 20, Maj. Gen. Forrest issued orders for covering the retreat southward of the Army of Tennessee. On . . . — Map (db m75040) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — 3D 47 — Billy Direct
This horse, which set a mile pacing record of 1:55 in 1938, was foaled here in 1931. His dam was Gay Forbes. His sire, Napoleon Direct (1:59 3/4), is buried here. Here, also, is buried Haynes' Peacock, champion Tennessee Walking Horse, 1940 and . . . — Map (db m75049) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — 3D 68 — Columbia Military Academy1904 - 1979
In 1888, local residents gave 67 acres to the U.S. Army for an arsenal. The Bowling Green stone buildings quartered troops in the Spanish–American war. Columbia Military Academy was founded in 1904 and opened formally August 23, 1905 with 167 . . . — Map (db m63117) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — 3D 45 — Davis' FordNov. 25, 1864
About 1½ miles northeast, the Army of Tennessee, less S.D. Lee's Corps and most of the army's artillery, crossed Duck River on a pontoon bridge. Cavalry, under Forrest, crossed here and at other points, screening the movement. Gen. Lee's Corps . . . — Map (db m75042) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — Delaying Forrest"...a decided stand" — Hood's Campaign
(Preface): In September 1864, after Union Gen. William T. Sherman defeated Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood at Atlanta, Hood led the Army of Tennessee northwest against Sherman's supply lines. Rather than contest Sherman's "March to the Sea," . . . — Map (db m28688) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — 3D 19 — Forrest and CapronNov. 24 1864
Forrest's cavalry, screening the advance of Stewart's Corps on Columbia met Capron's Cavalry Brigade in this locality and chased it back to Columbia, where the presence of Stanley's XXIII Corps behind entrenchments gave them protection and prevented . . . — Map (db m28659) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — Frierson Cemetery
(side 1) Given by Willis Frierson to his slaves. Oldest marker is Milly Embry, 1861. Jim Frierson who was stolen from his family as a child is buried here with his wife Vinnie and many descendents including Napoleon Frierson for whom the . . . — Map (db m97094) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — Historic Elm SpringsInternational Headquarters of Sons of Confederate Veterans
. . . — Map (db m75037) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — 3D 13 — Hood and SchofieldNov. 24, 1864
Arriving at Columbia ahead of the Confederates, Schofield entrenched around the town. Hood, arriving Nov. 26, demonstrated against his position, with Lee's corps and most of his artillery, while the rest of the Army of Tennessee crossed Duck River . . . — Map (db m28671) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — James K. Polk HouseFor the Union
This house, constructed in 1816, is the only surviving Tennessee residence associated with the nation's eleventh president. James Knox Polk (1795-1849) lived here from 1818 to 1824. When Polk's mother died in 1852, the house passed to his younger . . . — Map (db m97096) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — 3D 39 — James Knox Polk
The parents of the eleventh President of the United States occupied this property in 1816, at which time young Polk was 21. From that time, except for periods of absence due to holding public office, or his extensive law practice, this was his home . . . — Map (db m28951) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — 3D 5 — Joseph Brown
About 1/2 mile east Joseph Brown lived. Enroute to the Cumberland Settlements by river from North Carolina in 1788, he was captured by Indians from Nickajack Cave. He escaped and in 1792 led the Ore expedition back to destroy the town. Settling . . . — Map (db m75039) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — 3D 21 — Polk's Boyhood Home
The first house here was built by Maj. Samuel Polk, who came here from North Carolina in 1806. In his family was the ten-year-old son, James Knox Polk, who was to become the 11th President of the United States. He spent his boyhood here. — Map (db m75046) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — Road to NashvilleColumbia Artillery Duel — Hood's Campaign
(preface) In September 1864, after Union Gen. William T. Sherman defeated Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood at Atlanta, Hood led the Army of Tennessee northwest against Sherman’s supply lines. Rather than contest Sherman’s “March to the . . . — Map (db m75035) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — 3D 22 — Sam Davis
In a cabin here the escort with the body of the "Boy Hero of the Confederacy" stayed overnight while returning to his home in Smyrna, Tenn., for burial. A member of Coleman's Scouts, Army of Tennessee, he had been executed by the Federal commander . . . — Map (db m28766) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — Sam WatkinsA Common Soldier's Lasting Legacy
Samuel Rush Watkins and his wife, Virginia (Jenny) Mayes Watkins, who worshipped here at Zion Presbyterian Church, are buried in the cemetery. In his book Company Aytch: or, a Side Show of the Big Show, Watkins left an incomparable memoir of . . . — Map (db m85997) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — 3D 37 — St. John's
Consecrated Sept. 4, 1842, by James Hervey Otey, first Episcopal Bishop of Tennessee, this church was built by Leonidas Polk, then Missionary Bishop of Southwest and his three brothers, George, Lucius, and Rufus, who divided a grant received from . . . — Map (db m28651) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — St. John's Episcopal Church
Erected in 1842 for worship and spiritual instruction of white and negro people. Built under supervision of the Rt. Rev. Leonidas Polk, Bishop of Louisiana, on land given by him and with labor and materials contributed by him and his brothers, . . . — Map (db m85996) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — 3D 38 — Zion
About 1 mile south, in 1807, a Presbyterian colony from South Carolina built a log meeting house and established a community around it. A school soon followed. A brick church was built in 1815, the present structure in 1847. Many descendants of the . . . — Map (db m63118) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Duck River — Old Well Cemetery1820 - 1995
Land donated by Richard "Kettle Dick" Anderson from 2,000 acre land grant he settled in 1810. Named "Old Well" for well at NW corner of cemetery dug by Andrew Jackson's army returning from the battle of New Orleans. Early settlers used the well as . . . — Map (db m102063) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Hampshire — Tobacco Farm - Old Trace
Tobacco Farm- You see here a typical early 1900's tobacco farm. A 10-minute loop walk takes you through the field and to the barn where you see tobacco hanging to dry. Old Trace- From here you may drive north on a narrow 2 -mile section of the . . . — Map (db m60218) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Mount Pleasant — 3D 71 — Jonathan Webster1767 - 1854
A veteran of the American Revolutionary War from Georgia, Jonathan Webster purchased this large farm. He came here when the area was a wilderness and was credited with killing the last panther in this area. In 1810 he began this house. Known as the . . . — Map (db m63120) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Mount Pleasant — 3D 74 — Rattle and Snap Plantation
Designated a National Historic Landmark by the U.S. Department of Interior in 1971. Rattle and Snap was built between 1842 and 1845 by George W. Polk and his wife. Sallie Hilliard. Restored to its original character and furnished with period . . . — Map (db m28660) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Mount Pleasant — The Bigby GreysStory of Service
Here on the square, on April 20, 1861, a hundred local men under Capt. Daniel F. Wade were sworn into Confederate service as the Bigby Greys. The women of Mt. Pleasant presented the company with its first flag, in the first Confederate national . . . — Map (db m75021) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — 3D 50 — Branham and Hughes Military Academy
Founded 1892 as the Campus School, near Vanderbilt University, by William C. Branham and William Hughes. Moved to Spring Hill 1897, and operated as Spring Hill School. The name was changed to Branham and Hughes School in 1898, and to Branham and . . . — Map (db m62311) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — Cleburne's Pursuit4:30 - 5:00 p.m. — November 29, 1864
Cleburne's advance rolled north in pursuit of Bradley's brigade which fled north of McCutcheon Creek to establish new lines at the southern edge of town. Reacting promptly to the retreat of Bradley, Lane's brigade began to reposition itself to . . . — Map (db m87562) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — 3D 73 — Confederate Attacks at Spring HillNovember 29, 1864
On November 29, 1864, General Nathan B. Forrest approached Spring Hill from the east at 11:30 a.m. From here, General James Chalmers launched an attack to seize the Columbia-Nashville Pike to the west. Surprised by strong Union forces, Chalmers was . . . — Map (db m75085) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — Confederate Deployment4:00 p.m., November 29, 1864
By 4:00 p.m., Patrick Cleburne had marched his division north on the Rally Hill Pike. A brief meeting with several of Forrest's officers indicated that Federals were located in force between the Rally Hill Pike and the Columbia-Franklin Pike due . . . — Map (db m87559) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — Confederate Movements After SunsetNovember 29, 1864
After the sun set, Confederate plans began to quietly fall apart. Hood appeared confident that Forrest held the pike north of Spring Hill, and thus was not unduly concerned with cutting the pike south of town. Hood’s orders suggest an unfamiliarity . . . — Map (db m75071) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — 3D 46 — Ewell Farm←1 mi.---
This was the last home of Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell, CSA. Here his wife and her son, Maj. Campbell Brown , with Capt. M.C. Campbell and W.J. Webster, brought the first Jersey cattle imported from the Channel Island to Tennessee. Here, also, was . . . — Map (db m62423) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — Ewell FarmSpring Hill Battlefield
On a knoll just southwest of the railroad depot is the antebellum home of the widow Lizinka Brown. Her son, Campbell Brown was a staff officer with Confederate General Richard S. Ewell of the Army of Northern Virginia. Ewell and Mrs. Brown married . . . — Map (db m81330) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — Forrest's 3:00 p.m. Cavalry Attack
As Forrest's cavalry fought their way to the outskirts of Spring Hill by 2:30 p.m., they observed Brigadier General George Wagner's division marching into the town. Forrest, aggressive as ever, determined to attack quickly to seize the town and . . . — Map (db m87561) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — Left of the Union Defensive PositionOpdycke's Brigade Line
At approximately 12:30 p.m. on November 29, 1864, Col. Emerson Opdycke’s veteran brigade known unofficially as “Opdycke’s tigers,” marching in the lead of Wagner’s division, swept through Spring Hill to secure the town from Confederate . . . — Map (db m82255) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — Martin Cheairs HomeHeadquarters of Confederate General Earl Van Dorn — April-May, 1863
In Spring 1863, Confederate Major General Earl Van Dorn established the headquarters of his cavalry command of the Army of the Mississippi at Spring Hill. On March 5, 1863 Van Dorn had commanded his cavalry in a fight at Thompson’s Station, which . . . — Map (db m82256) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — Nashville and Decatur Railroad
Just west of this site is the antebellum Nashville and Decatur Railroad. During Sherman’s Campaign against Atlanta, from May to September 1864, this railroad played a critical logistical role when it served as the northbound or return route for his . . . — Map (db m75084) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — OaklawnThe Absalom Thompson House — Hood's Headquarters
Late in the afternoon of November 29, 1864, Hood established the headquarters of the Army of Tennessee at this location. Hood spent part of the evening sitting on a log near the fish pond of the house while officers and generals came and went . . . — Map (db m82257) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — 3D 72 — Rippavilla Plantation
In 1811, the Cheairs family settled at this site. Nathaniel and Susan McKissack Cheairs began construction of this home, Rippavilla, in 1851. Cheairs raised two companies for the Confederate Army in 1861. In February of 1862, Maj. Cheairs carried . . . — Map (db m75069) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — Schofield's RetreatNight of November 29-30
For a number of reasons, Major General John Schofield had been tardy in evacuating his position at Columbia and retreating to Franklin. Although starting late, the Federal army performed a well planned and executed retreat. Schofield and his . . . — Map (db m75070) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — Spring Hill, Tennessee ~ November 29, 1864
In 1864, Spring Hill was a small, prosperous farming community. Although the town had been occupied by both Confederate and Federal forces at various times, it had not been seriously impacted by the war. All that changed as Hood's and Schofield's . . . — Map (db m62194) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — The Battle of Spring HillThe Great Escape
By 3 p.m. on November 29, 1864, Union Gen. John M. Schofield realized that his command was in great danger. The bulk of his army was posted near Columbia, Tennessee, while Confederates Gen. John Bell Hood’s troops were north of him, approaching the . . . — Map (db m75079) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — The Battle of Spring HillOpportunity Lost
After nightfall, Confederate Gen. Edward Johnson's division began moving into position on the left of Gen. William B. Bate's division. Johnson, whose unit was part of Gen. S.D. Lee's corps, had been ordered forward from the vicinity of Rutherford . . . — Map (db m88973) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — The Town of Spring Hill, Tennessee
The area on which most of the town of Spring Hill is located was originally part of land grants to three Revolutionary War veterans, George Doherty, John Hardin and Ezekiel Polk. Albert Russel of Virginia, another Revolutionary War veteran, . . . — Map (db m62195) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — 3D 44 — William Banks Caperton
Born June 30, 1855, in a house which stood here, he graduated from the Naval Academy, 1875. Served in USS Brooklyn, War with Spain. As commander, Cruiser Squadron, Atlantic Fleet, conducted Vera Cruz landing, 1915, & occupations of Haiti & Santo . . . — Map (db m75096) WM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill in Maury County — The Battle of Spring HillBlocking the Columbia Turnpike
Confederate Gen. John Bell Hood hoped to block the road in front of you—the Columbia Turnpike—and cut off Union Gen. John M. Schofield's force at Columbia from a larger Federal army to the north at Nashville. Confederate divisions . . . — Map (db m88969) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Williamsport — Old Natchez Trace
The 500 mile long Natchez Trace of the early 1800's, then known as the Natchez Road, connected Nashville on the Cumberland River with Natchez on the Mississippi River. This historic wilderness road crossed the Duck River 1/4 mile south of here. John . . . — Map (db m84260) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Williamsport — Stands on the Old Trace
Travel on the Natchez Trace was an adventure in the early 1800's. The 500-mile trail traversed a sprawling wilderness where only Indians, outlaws, and wild animals were at home. Travelers needed a place to find food, supplies, and rest. At . . . — Map (db m84620) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Williamsport — Tennessee Tobacco Farm
On this model farm, Burley tobacco is grown and air-cured. It’s a hard crop to raise, each acre requiring about 250 hours of labor. (Wheat is only three hours!) William Coleman has been growing tobacco here for over 40 years. Listen as he . . . — Map (db m84579) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Williamsport — The Gordon House
One of the few remaining buildings associated with the Old Natchez Trace is the house of ferry operator John Gordon. In the early 1800s Gordon made an agreement with the Chickasaw Chief George Colbert to operate a trading post and ferry on the . . . — Map (db m60217) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Williamsport — The Gordon House
One of the few remaining buildings associated with the Old Natchez Trace is the house of ferry operator John Gordon. Built in 1817-18, the Gordon House was one of the first brick homes in this area. In the early 1800's, Gordon settled here as . . . — Map (db m84261) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Williamsport — The Natchez Trace at the Tobacco Farm
This monument, located on the Natchez Trace at the site of the Tobacco Farm, honors the farming industry of Maury County, Tennessee. Maury County was named in honor of Abram Maury and was the home of the 11th United States President, James K. Polk. . . . — Map (db m84584) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Williamsport — The Tobacco Barn
Burley tobacco must be air-cured for four to six weeks in the barn before it’s ready for market. Listen. Burely is a light brown, aromatic tobacco used chiefly in cigarettes. A small percentage is used for pipe and chewing tobacco. . . . — Map (db m84583) HM

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