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Addison County Vermont Historical Markers

 
Canada Geese Marker image, Touch for more information
By William Fischer, Jr., October 7, 2017
Canada Geese Marker
Vermont (Addison County), Addison — Canada Geese

Canada geese assemble at Dead Creek from many locations within eastern North America. They are attracted to this management area because of the protection offered by the refuge and the excellent combination of forage fields and water. Fall . . . — Map (db m109247) HM

Vermont (Addison County), Addison — Chimney Point
This strategic point on Lake Champlain was occupied by Native Americans for thousands of years. In 1690 Jacobus deWarm build a small stone fort here. The French build a wooden stockade in 1731, erecting Fort St. Frederic across the lake in 1734. . . . — Map (db m85414) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Addison — DAR John Strong Mansion
General John Strong was a Revolutionary War patriot and a prominent early citizen of Addison County. He served as a judge, state legislator and represented Addison at the State Convention, which adopted the Constitution of the United States and . . . — Map (db m85231) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Addison — Northern Terminal of the Crown Point Military Road

Near this spot on the shore of the lake was the Northern Terminal of the Crown Point Military Road built by Gen. Amherst, in 1759 — Map (db m109079) HM

Vermont (Addison County), Addison — Snow Geese

Snow geese are relatively new to the Dead Creek refuge, having begun to use the area as recently as 1981. Their numbers have continued to increase annually, and peak populations present here in mid-October exceed 20,000 birds.

Snow geese do . . . — Map (db m109245) HM

Vermont (Addison County), Addison — The Dead Creek Wildlife Management Area

The Dead Creek Wildlife Management Area (WMA) was established in 1950 to provide breeding and migrational habitat for waterfowl. It is owned by the State of Vermont and managed by the Fish and Wildlife Department. Acquisition and development . . . — Map (db m109246) HM

Vermont (Addison County), Addison — War Memorial — Victory • Peace

(front)

Addison Remembers Her Heroes

1771 - Revolutionary War - 1778 [Honor Roll of Veterans]

1812 - War With England - 1814 [Honor Roll of Veterans]

1861 - Civil War - 1865 [Died in Service] Joseph . . . — Map (db m109277) WM

Vermont (Addison County), Addison — Wetland Resources

As the name implies, "wetlands" are wet areas characterized by soils that are permanently or seasonally saturated with water. They contain a variety of plants, shrubs and trees which have adapted to living in a wet environment. Wetlands are . . . — Map (db m109244) HM

Vermont (Addison County), Bridport — Hathorne School — Bridport District Schoolhouse #1
Erected c. 1864, this one-room schoolhouse served hundreds of children in Bridport for nearly a century. Originally founded as the first district school in Bridport, it later became known as Hathorne School, reflecting the name of a nearby . . . — Map (db m96475) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Bridport — War Memorial

Dedicated to the men and women of the Community of Bridport who devotedly served their country in all wars — Map (db m109278) WM

Vermont (Addison County), Ferrisburgh — "Rokeby" — Home of Rowland E. Robinson Writer of Vermont Folklore
Here in 1833, Rowland E. Robinson was born of Quaker parentage. He became a popular illustrator and interpreter of nature and Yankee dialect. "Rokeby" was a station on the "Underground R.R." Here are the blind author’s memorabilia. Open to the . . . — Map (db m75967) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Ferrisburgh — The Great Convention
Frederick Douglass delivered a fiery abolitionist speech here in July 1843. Born in slavery in Maryland, Douglass freed himself by escaping to the north, where he became a tireless crusader for African American freedom and equality. He was among . . . — Map (db m95449) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Middlebury — Birthplace of Ray Fisher
Born in Middlebury on October 4, 1887, Ray Lyle Fisher grew up on farms along Otter Creek and Creek Road. Ray starred in baseball and football at Middlebury High School and Middlebury College before joining the New York Yankees in 1910. He pitched . . . — Map (db m75987) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Middlebury — Charter House
In this house, the home of SAMUEL MILLER, ESQ. September 30, 1798 Timothy Dwight, President of Yale College, counseled with Gamaliel Painter and other citizens of Middlebury concerning the founding of Middlebury College. This conference led to the . . . — Map (db m76001) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Middlebury — Emma Willard — Pioneer educator gave women first college training here
Emma Hart came to Middlebury in 1807 to take charge of the Female Academy. After her marriage to Dr. John Willard, the town’s first physician, she gave the earliest collegiate instruction for women in America at a Seminary in her home, during the . . . — Map (db m75983) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Middlebury — John Deere — Inventor of "The Plow that Broke the Plains"
John Deere learned the blacksmith trade here as an apprentice in the shop of Capt. Benjamin Lawrence from 1821 to 1825. The shop was located below this spot on Mill Street, in what is known as "Frog Hollow". In 1836 Deere removed to Grand Detour, . . . — Map (db m77845) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — American Blockhouse – 1777 — Mount Independence State Historic Site
“I have also provided timber for two Blockhouses.” - Col. Anthony Wayne, February 4, 1777 In the summer and fall of 1776 American forces concentrated on fortifying the northern point of the rocky Mount Independence . . . — Map (db m19321) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — British Blockhouse - 1777 — Mount Independence State Historic Site
“Blockhouses, none of them finished.” - Lt. John Starke, Royal Navy, September 1777 After the British captured Mount Independence on July 6, 1777, their military engineers decided to build six new blockhouses to augment . . . — Map (db m19332) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Burial Site — Mount Independence State Historic Site
“ . . . this Day there was two men Buried from our Regt.” - Lt. Jonathan Burton, October 4, 1776 This small stone, engraved “N. Richardson of Staddard Eng died 1760,” may mark the only identified grave on . . . — Map (db m17849) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Fort Ticonderoga and Mount Defiance — Mount Independence State Historic Site
“ . . . a perfect mousetrap.” - Col. Alexander Scammell, September 21, 1777 From here are seen nearly all the powerful forces of nature that made this spot on Lake Champlain the Gibraltar of the North as well as its . . . — Map (db m17846) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Foundation -1776 or 1777 — Mount Independence State Historic Site — What do you think? -
This is one of the best-preserved stone foundations on Mount Independence. It was built during the Revolution, but historic maps and documents do not refer to it. Who built it? Did the Americans have time to build it during the two weeks in June . . . — Map (db m19441) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — General Hospital – 1777 — Mount Independence State Historic Site
. . . the new Hospital . . . 250 long & 24 wide.” - Rev. Enos Hitchcock, June 14, 1777 This shallow, dry-laid stone foundation was for the largest building at Mount Independence – a 250-foot long by 24-foot wide, . . . — Map (db m19319) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — German Hut – 1777 — Mount Independence State Historic Site
Our men built huts out of boards to protect themselves from the cold weather.” - Lt. Von Hille, October 22, 1777 During the American occupation from July 1776 to July 1777, soldiers constructed a breastwork of logs and . . . — Map (db m19436) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Heritage Travelers over the Years
Some of the intrenchments are still visible.” – John Disturnell, 1857 After the American Revolution, numerous visitors curious to see the places that figured so prominently in the war for independence visited Mount . . . — Map (db m19501) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Lake Champlain and the American Revolution — Mount Independence State Historic Site
. . . the possession of every thing here depends upon keeping the Command of the Water.” - Maj. Gen. Horatio Gates, July 16, 1776 In front of you is Lake Champlain, at 120 miles long the sixth largest lake in the United . . . — Map (db m19440) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Military Road
Military Road from Mount Independence to Hubbardton 1777 Marked by Hands Cove Chapter D.A.R. 1933 — Map (db m9234) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Mount Independence — Bastion of the Revolution
Fortification was begun in June of 1776, and the name Mount Independence was bestowed following the Declaration of Independence. Lieut. Col. Jeduthan Baldwin was the chief construction engineer. Here the exhausted American Army, Northern Department, . . . — Map (db m9275) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Mt. Independence Military Road — Route to Hubbardton, 1777
After Ethan Allen seized Fort Ticonderoga, the Americans built Fort Mt. Independence, northwest from here on the Lake. Following Burgoyne’s invasion, Gen. St Clair evacuated the Forts, retreating across these hills to Hubbardton. Vermont . . . — Map (db m9232) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Mt. Independence Military Road — Route to Hubbardton - 1777
This vital American military road to the south of here was built on the September 7, 1776, orders of Gen. Horatio Gates to connect Mount Independence, a new Revolutionary War fortification on Lake Champlain, to Hubbardton, Rutland, and Fort No. 4 . . . — Map (db m97307) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Officers Quarters – 1776 — Mount Independence State Historic Site
“ . . . some of the officers have good framed houses.” - Dr. Lewis Beebe, September 30, 1776 This fifteen-foot square, well-defined stone foundation may be the remains of quarters for one or more American officers in the . . . — Map (db m17863) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Southern Battery – 1777 — Mount Independence State Historic Site
began the works at 3 places on Mount Independence.” - Col. Jeduthan Baldwin, June 20, 1777 On June, 1777, American Chief Engineer Jeduthan Baldwin wrote in his journal, “in the afternoon went with Col. Kosiusko . . . — Map (db m19437) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Southern Defense Trail
This walkway is a loop approximately 0.2 mile long with stairs and gentle slopes. It leads you past the remains of a blockhouse (near the parking area), provides a look at the Mount’s rock formations, and provides a vista of the lake south of the . . . — Map (db m19536) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Storehouse - 1776 — Mount Independence State Historic Site
ordered a large Stoer House to be built.” - Col. Jeduthan Baldwin, August 17, 1776 At least one of the storehouses constructed on Mount Independence during the Revolution stood in this area. Portions of the remaining . . . — Map (db m19366) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — The American Southern Defenses – 1776-1777
we are Building a Large & Long Breast work on the South Side.” - Pvt. Thomas Killam, August 19, 1776 When the American Northern Army arrived at Ticonderoga in mid-July 1776, the 300-acre peninsula opposite on the Vermont . . . — Map (db m19543) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — Third Brigade Encampment – 1776 — Mount Independence State Historic Site
. . . our Men is clearing the Encamping Ground over the Lake.” - Sgt. Timothy Tuttle, July 23, 1776 In July 1776 Northern Army commander Gen. Horatio Gates organized regiments at Mount Independence and Ticonderoga into . . . — Map (db m19318) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — To Repel the Enemy
The Generals have Fix’d on a spot . . . to be fortified.” - Lt. Col. Matthias Ogden, July 19, 1776 On July 5, 1777, Thomas Anburey, who was traveling with British Lt. Gen. John Burgoyne on Lake Champlain, observed as they . . . — Map (db m19480) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — War Memorial

(front) These We Honor Dedicated to the following from the Town of Orwell who served in the Armed Forces of our country

World War II William H. Murray • Franklin F. Phelps Charles D. Wright • George B. Wright . . . — Map (db m109307) WM

Vermont (Addison County), Orwell — World War Memorial

In honor of the Boys of the Town of Orwell who served in the World War

Theron D. Bishop • Charles D. Collette Linas W. Duffany • Harry M. Fitzgerald Roy G. Phelps • Lawrence H. Ross [Died in Service]

[Honor Roll of . . . — Map (db m109279) WM

Vermont (Addison County), Panton — Benedict Arnold
Near this spot on the afternoon of October 13, 1776 in the first important naval engagement of the War for Independence BENEDICT ARNOLDafter a battle in which he had displayed great boldness, gallantry and sagacity ran ashore and burned the . . . — Map (db m76010) HM WM
Vermont (Addison County), Ripton — Robert Frost — 1874 - 1963
A distinguished American poet by recognition and a Vermonter by preference, Robert Frost was Poet Laureate of Vermont and for many years “First Citizen” of the Town of Ripton. He was long associated with the Middlebury College School of . . . — Map (db m37171) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Roxbury — Roxbury Fish Culture Station
Commonly called "the fish hatchery", this culture station was established in 1891, making it the oldest state hatchery in Vermont. Built in response to the dwindling fish population, the hatchery was funded by an initial state appropriation of . . . — Map (db m103776) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Shoreham — Larrabee’s Point
John Larrabee established the first regular ferry here under a grant from the Vermont Legislature when the only business at the site was his tavern. In 1823, the year that the Champlain Canal opened, Larrabee and Samuel Holley built a store and a . . . — Map (db m15580) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Shoreham — Levi P. Morton — Statesman and Banker lived early years in Vermont
Levi Parsons Morton, son of a minister, was born on this site, May 16, 1824, and for 8 years lived in Shoreham. He became a New York City banker, Member of Congress, Minister to France, Vice-President under President Harrison, and Governor of New . . . — Map (db m95458) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Shoreham — Shoreham Covered Railroad Bridge
This Howe truss Railroad Bridge is one of only two covered railroad bridges left in Vermont. It was built in 1897 on the 15.6 mile Addison Branch connecting the Rutland Railroad at Leicester Junction with the Delaware and Hudson at Ticonderoga, New . . . — Map (db m85416) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Vergennes — Commerce at the Crossroads
Intersection of Rivers and Roads Imagine traveling hundreds of miles in an ox-drawn wagon along muddy, rock-strewn, deeply rutted roads through the wilderness. In search of new homesteads, early settlers followed the same routes you took to . . . — Map (db m89157) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Vergennes — Commodore Thomas Macdonough — Born December 1783 — Died November 1825

Victorious commander of the American Fleet in the naval battle of Plattsburg September 11, 1814 A Gallant Officer An Exemplary Citizen A National Hero

Memorial erected to commemorate the building by Commodore Macdonough . . . — Map (db m109195) HM

Vermont (Addison County), Vergennes — Early Life Along Otter Creek in Vergennes
The Wilderness Shhh. Imagine Otter Creek 300 years ago when it was pristine wilderness. The river teems with fish, herons, ducks and other waterfowl. Deer and moose tracks dot the river's edge. Downed trees, trampled shrubs, and mounds of . . . — Map (db m89155) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Vergennes — Macdonough Shipyard
Below the Otter Creek Falls was the site of Thomas Macdonough's shipyard, where the U.S.S. Saratoga was built in 40 days and other ships launched that defeated the British at the Battle of Plattsburgh, 1814. — Map (db m75977) HM WM
Vermont (Addison County), Vergennes — The Bixby Memorial Free Library
. . . — Map (db m109199) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Vergennes — The Vergennes Pump House — "People of Vergennes at the mercy of the flames" — -H.C. Johnson, Editor, Vergennes Vermonter, October 18, 1867
In Need of Water Fire was the scourge of downtowns all across America in the nineteenth century. Buildings were destroyed by fire time and time again. Water often had to be transported from nearby rivers. Firefighting efforts were frequently . . . — Map (db m89159) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Vergennes — Vergennes 150th Anniversary — 1788 • 1938 — Qui Patres Transtulit Nos Sustineat

Commemorating the one hundred and fiftieth year of incorporation

Erected August 15, 1939 — Map (db m109238) HM

Vermont (Addison County), Vergennes — Veterans Memorial

In grateful tribute to the men and women of Vergennes Vermont who served in the Armed Forces of our country — Map (db m109194) HM

Vermont (Addison County), Vergennes — World War Memorial — 1917 • 1918 — Vergennes Vermont

Honor Roll

[Died in service] Philip E. Goodere • Edward L. Mercure Frederick C. Morris • Hobart P. Preston

[Veterans Honor Roll not transcribed] — Map (db m109197) HM

Vermont (Addison County), Weybridge — Silas Wright — 1795-1847
Born at Amherst, Mass., Silas Wright came to Weybridge as an infant and grew up here. Graduated from Middlebury College in 1815, he studied Law at Sandy Hill, N.Y.; began Law practice at Canton, N.Y. in 1819, and entered politics there. A Brigadier . . . — Map (db m77967) HM
Vermont (Addison County), Weybridge — The U.S. Government Morgan Horse Farm
The U.S. Government established a Morgan horse breeding program in 1905 at the University of Vermont to study and refine the Morgan horse as a superior cavalry mount. That program moved here in 1907 when Joseph Battell donated this farm to the U.S. . . . — Map (db m77965) HM

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