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Culpeper County Virginia Historical Markers

 
Campaign of Second Manassas Marker image, Touch for more information
By J. J. Prats, October 31, 2009
Campaign of Second Manassas Marker
Virginia (Culpeper County), Amissville — G-9 — Campaign of Second Manassas
Here Lee and Jackson had their headquarters. Here, August 24, 1862, they formed the plan to attack Pope’s line of supply and bring him to battle before McClellan could join him. — Map (db m23959) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Amissville — Z-124 — Culpeper County / Rappahannock County
Culpeper County. Area 284 square miles. Formed in 1748 from Orange, and named for Lord Culpeper, Governor of Virginia 1680–1683. The battle of Cedar Mountain, 1862, was fought in this county. Rappahannock County. Area 274 square . . . — Map (db m8293) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Amissville — C-8 — Stuart's Ride Around Pope
Stuart, starting here with his cavalry on August 22, 1862, rode around Pope's army to Catlett's Station. He destroyed supplies and army material and captured Pope's headquarters wagons. — Map (db m7729) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — F-11 — Battle of Brandy Station
Here on 9 June 1863, the largest cavalry battle in North America occurred when 9,500 troopers fought 8,000 cavalrymen under Union Brig. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton. This daylong battle, the opening engagement of the Gettysburg campaign, erupted when the . . . — Map (db m2574) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationThe Largest Cavalry Battle of the Civil War
Confederate horsemen numbering 9500 under the command of Gen. J.E.B. Stuart were concentrated around Brandy Station in preparation of the upcoming raid into Pennsylvania - which would culminate at Gettysburg. The Federal army, being aware of the . . . — Map (db m4364) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy Station
Greatest cavalry battle of the Civil War • Fought June 9, 1863 • Gen. J.E.B. Stuart defeated Gen. A. Pleasonton Confederates engaged 10,200. Federals 10,900 Casualties, Confederates, 485, Federals 866 This is Fleetwood Hill The crucial position . . . — Map (db m4425) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationThe largest cavalry action of the war
Following his stunning victory at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee formulated a plan to invade the North. In preparation for his army's secret withdrawal from Fredericksburg, Lee ordered his cavalry into Culpeper County . . . — Map (db m91461) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationHeadquarters Hill
John Strode, a prominent Revolutionary War gun manufacturer, built his manor house, Fleetwood, in the late 1700s. Strode was a friend of President Thomas Jefferson, who often stayed here when traveling between Monticello and Washington, D.C. The . . . — Map (db m97488) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationBattle for Fleetwood Hill
On the evening of June 8, 1863, Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and his headquarters staff camped on the northern edge of Fleetwood Hill. Early the next morning, heavy gunfire from the direction of Beverly's Ford (three miles to your left rear), . . . — Map (db m97490) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationThe Winter Camp of 1863-1864
The 1863 campaigns for Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Bristoe Station, and Mine Run exacted an immense toll upon the Army of the Potomac. Union Gen. George G. Meade deemed it vital to rest his command. War Department officials also used this . . . — Map (db m97493) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationBattle's Wake
Driven from Fleetwood Hill, the Union cavalry pulled back toward the Rappahannock River and halted just beyond cannon range. Observing that the sullen Federals refused to depart, Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart consolidated his defensive line around . . . — Map (db m97494) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationConfederate Counterattack
Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart realized that his headquarters here was overrun and that Gen. William E. Jones's Brigade was fighting to survive. Stuart ordered Gen. Wade Hampton's Brigade to fall back from the St. James Church line and recapture . . . — Map (db m97495) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationKilpatrick's Attack
Col. H. Judson Kilpatrick formed his brigade on an open plateau to the southeast of Fleetwood Hill, 900 yards from here. He soon received orders to support Lt. Col. Percy Wyndham's Brigade, now fiercely engaged with Gen. William E. Jones's Brigade . . . — Map (db m97499) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationWyndham's Attack
Union Lt. Col. Percy Wyndham advanced his command from Brandy Station and centered his attack on this spot. To your right, the 1st New Jersey Cavalry ascended the slope. The 1st Maryland Cavalry occupied the center, and to your left, circling around . . . — Map (db m97501) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationJune 9, 1863 Stevensburg Area
After crossing at Kelley's Ford, Col. Duffie's division on their way to Stevensburg, were met by a small Confederate force just east of Stevensburg, on Hansboro Ridge. Duffie's huge force easily pushed through the Confederates who were badly . . . — Map (db m103532) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Kelly's FordUnion Cavalry Comes of Age
On March 17, 1863, Union Gen. William W. Averell led 2,100 horsemen to the northern bank of the Rappahannock River at Kelly's Ford, four miles in front of you, under orders to "rout or destroy" Confederate Gen. Fitzhugh Lee and his cavalry command . . . — Map (db m108469) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Kelly's FordThe Chancellorsville Campaign
On January 25, 1863, Union general Joseph "Fighting Joe" Hooker replaced Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside as the fifth commander of the demoralized eastern armies in less than two years. On taking charge of the Army of the Potomac, Hooker implemented . . . — Map (db m108470) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — F-12 — Betty Washington
Two miles south is the grave of Betty Washington Lewis, the younger sister of George Washington. She was born in Westmoreland County in 1733 and married Fielding Lewis in May 1750, becoming his second wife. Her husband purchased land in 1752 and . . . — Map (db m4429) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Hansborough Ridge
The Battle of Brandy Station actually occurred in several locations, miles apart. A mile in front of you is Hansborough Ridge. Late in the morning of June 9, 1863, a division of the Union Cavalry under Col. Alfred Duffie approached the ridge from . . . — Map (db m103534) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — In Memory of Major John Pelham
(south face) In memory of Major John Pelham. Born Sept. 7, 1838 in Calhoun Co. Ala. Mortally wounded March 17, 1863 near Kelly’s Ford, Va. (east face) Base stone from Kelly’s Ford battlefield near spot where Pelham fell. . . . — Map (db m86880) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Norman's Mills Ford
Serving the public as a crossing of Mountain Run on the Carolina Road (Raleigh to Philadelphia) from Colonial days until 1900, when a single lane, three span, steel truss bridge was constructed, just west of the dam. This bridge was replaced in the . . . — Map (db m103529) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — F-13 — Opening of the Gettysburg Campaign
On this plain Lee reviewed his cavalry, June 8, 1863. The next day the cavalry battle of Brandy Station was fought. On June 10, Ewell's Corps, from its camp near here, began the march to Pennsylvania. — Map (db m4428) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — St. James Episcopal Church
Original Site of St. James Episcopal Church 1840-1863 — Map (db m82295) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The 1863-64 Winter EncampmentThe Federal Army of the Potomac Rebuilds
On the night of December 1, 1863, following its unsuccessful advance against Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia during the Mine Run Campaign, a cold and tired Army of the Potomac withdrew across the Rapidan River and returned to . . . — Map (db m4370) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The 1863-64 Winter EncampmentThe Calm Before the Storm
The 1863-1864 winter encampment proved a busy time for the Army of the Potomac. "There was something fascinating about our winter city of 100,000 men," a staff officer recalled. "Many pleasant recollections cluster around the old camp at Brandy . . . — Map (db m4372) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The 1863-64 Winter Encampment The Army of the Potomac at Brandy Station
War has many faces and the residents of Culpeper County saw them all. Brandy Station played an important role in the Battle of Brandy Station on June 9, 1863, though the Union and Confederate armies never clashed in the streets of the little town. A . . . — Map (db m4427) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy StationCharging the Confederate Guns
By 7 a.m. on June 9, Brig. Gen. John Buford had his Union troops in position. Brig. Gen. Adelbert Ames Federal brigade of infantry straddled the Beverly Ford Road. To Ames' left (where the airport is now) was the 1st Cavalry Division, commanded by . . . — Map (db m4373) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy StationConfederate Line of Defense at St. James Church
Several hundred yards behind you, in the copse of trees, is the site of the St. James Church. Union soldiers tore down the small brick structure for materials to make their quarters during the winter of 1863-1864, when the Army of the Potomac . . . — Map (db m4374) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy StationThe Civil War in Culpeper County
On June 9, 1863, the Civil War visited the river fords, farmer's fields and rolling hills near Brandy Station. During the intense daylong fighting that swirled all around the little town, Confederate and Union horsemen clashed in the largest cavalry . . . — Map (db m4398) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy StationSurprises at the Crossing
Rivers and river crossings played an important role in many Civil War battles, including the Battle of Brandy Station. A mile northwest of this spot is the site of Beverly Ford, where the cavalry of both the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia and . . . — Map (db m4405) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy StationBuying Time on the Beverly Ford Road
Both Union and Confederate armies used horse artillery to assist cavalry. When firing erupted at Beverly Ford on the morning of June 9, 1863, Major Robert F. Beckham's battalion of Confederate horse artillery (16 guns and some 500 men) was encamped . . . — Map (db m4415) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy StationThe Stone Wall on the Cunningham Farm
Failing to break through Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's Confederates at St. James Church, Brig. Gen. John Buford swung his force north and west to turn the Confederate left flank. Confederate Brig. Gen. William Henry Fitzhugh "Rooney" Lee, son of Robert . . . — Map (db m4416) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy StationRooney Lee's Fighting Retreat
The Federal forces of Brig. Gen. John Buford, Brig. Gen. David Gregg, and Col. Thomas Devin (whose command held the area around St. James Church) had almost encircled the Confederates, though none of the Union commanders had planned it so. Unknown . . . — Map (db m4418) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy StationThe Struggle for Fleetwood Hill
After Col. Wyndham's assaults, Col. Judson Kilpatrick's Federal brigade crossed the Orange and Alexandria Railroad and stormed Fleetwood Hill from the southeast. The fight for Fleetwood Hill - a classic cavalry battle fought on horseback - became a . . . — Map (db m4421) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy StationThe Race for Fleetwood Hill
Here the old Carolina Road crosses the southern part of Fleetwood Hill, some of the highest ground in the area. On the slope ahead of you Maj. Gen. James Ewell Brown (J.E.B.) Stuart, commander of Robert E. Lee's cavalry, pitched his headquarters . . . — Map (db m4424) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The Hold at Mountain RunDeath of Farley and Wounding of Butler
June 9, 1863 - 12:30 pm to 3:00 pm This map prepared from the first hand account of Col. Butler, other historians, and the personal account of the family, who in the early 1950s cleared, leveled and ditched this bottom for cultivation, . . . — Map (db m103533) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — “Gallant” Pelham’s Last DaysThe Virginia House and Shackelford House
Confederate cavalry chief Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and Maj. John Pelham, the commander of Stuart’s Horse Artillery, frequented the Virginia House Hotel and often visited the Shackelford family across the street. A warm friendship developed between . . . — Map (db m12496) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — 10th Maine Volunteer Infantry
(Front):To the memory of Twenty-two officers and soldiers of the 10th Maine Volunteer Infantry killed at Cedar Mountain, Va., August 9th, 1862. (Back): Capt. Andrew C. Cloudman Co. E. 1st Lieut. James C. Folsom, Co. H. Sergt. George . . . — Map (db m13454) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — 28th Regiment New York State Volunteer Infantry
28th Regt. New York State Volunteer Infantry 1st Brig. 1st Div. 12th Corps Army of the Potomac Organized at Albany, N.Y., May 18, 1861 in response to the first call for volunteers. Mustered into the United States service for two years, May 22, . . . — Map (db m13459) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — 46th Pennsylvania Infantry
46 Penn. Inf Aug. 9, 1862 Charged across wheat field against Stonewall Jackson's command. Engaged, 504 Loss, 244 — Map (db m15572) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — A Tribute to Black Americans – Early 1900’sLower End of E. Davis, Commerce Streets — Town of Culpeper, Virginia
The area to the south was the center of commerce in the early 1900’s. It was here that retail shops, repair shops, hardware stores, restaurants, hotels and services flourished. In this era, blacks owned and operated nearly half the businesses in the . . . — Map (db m8637) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — A.P. Hill's Boyhood Home
Ambrose Powell Hill, who went by the name Powell, son of a prominent Culpeper planter and merchant, lived in this house from age 4 until he entered West Point at age 16. Named for an uncle and small in stature, the citizens of Culpeper knew him as . . . — Map (db m12684) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — F-19 — Battle of Cedar Mountain
During the afternoon of 9 Aug. 1862, Confederate Maj. Gen. Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson's division led by Maj. Gen. Richard S. Ewell and Brig. Gen. Charles S. Winder fought Union troops led by Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks about three miles south. . . . — Map (db m4434) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — F-20 — Battle of Cedar Mountain
Near here Jackson formed line of battle and received the attack of Banks Corps of Pope's army. From here he attacked in turn, driving the Union force northward. — Map (db m4436) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Battle of Cedar Mountain
Fought August 9, 1862. A Confederate victory. • Commanders • Confederate, Gen. T.J. "Stonewall" Jackson Federals, Gen. John Pope Casualties, Confederate, 1369. Federal, 2263 • Gen. C.S. Winder, C.S.A. fell here • This is the only battlefield on . . . — Map (db m4437) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Cedar MountainJackson Draws His Sword
In the summer of 1862, Federal Gen. John Pope threatened to retaliate against Southern civilians who tried to thwart the efforts of his new army. The threats prompted Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee to issue Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson the . . . — Map (db m41662) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — F-100 — Col. John Jameson
Col. John Jameson (1751-1810) owned land nearby. He served as the Culpeper County court clerk (1772-1810) and a captain in the Culpeper Minute Men battalion during the Revolutionary War. In Sept. 1780, while serving under Gen. Benedict Arnold in New . . . — Map (db m23962) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Culpeper Court HouseBattle of Culpeper Court House
Following the Gettysburg Campaign, Federal officials sought to verify rumors that a substantial part of Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Confederate army had been detached. On September 13, 1863, Federal cavalry moved down the tracks from your left, under . . . — Map (db m8417) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Culpeper Court House1863–64 Winter Encampment — Lee vs. Grant – The 1864 Campaign
During the winter of 1863-64, Federal officers quartered in many of Culpeper’s homes. The surrounding landscape was dotted with tents and huts for ten square miles as nearly 100,000 soldiers encamped. Gen. U.S. Grant, commander of all Federal . . . — Map (db m8419) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — J-10 — Culpeper Minute Men
On the hill to the south the famous Culpeper Minute Men were organized in 1775. John Marshall, later chief Justice of the Supreme Court, was a Lieutenant. — Map (db m8321) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Culpeper Minute Men
. . . — Map (db m13460) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — J-97 — Eckington School
The Eckington School was built in 1895 as a frame, one-room school for African American students from the nearby communities of Eckington and Poplar Ridge. The school building is typical of the ungraded schools of the 19th century that had all . . . — Map (db m59522) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Eppa Rixey Boyhood Home
National Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Eppa Rixey was born on May 3, 1891. Rixey played for the Philadelphia Phillies (NL) and the Cincinnati Reds (NL) during a career that spanned 21 years. He was nicknamed "Jeptha" by a sportswriter who liked the . . . — Map (db m12562) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — G-10 — General Edward Stevens
Here is buried General Edward Stevens, who served at Brandywine, Camden, Guilford Courthouse and Yorktown. He died on August 17, 1820. — Map (db m23960) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — F-3 — Greenwood
Home of Judge John Williams Green. Judge Green entertained Lafayette here on August 22, 1825. — Map (db m8641) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Hand-to-Hand Fighting
The focal point on the battlefield of Cedar Mountain was several hundred yards to the left of this location, at a gate where the Crittenden farm lane met the old main road. Confederate artillery around that site duelled enemy guns to their right . . . — Map (db m4438) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Historic Antioch Baptist Church
Among the oldest churches in Culpeper, Antioch Baptist Church originated in the 1850's. Separated from the Mount Pony Baptist Church, Antioch was first called "The African Church," organized in 1859. The first congregation, also referred to as free . . . — Map (db m12687) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — J-6 — John S. Barbour’s Birthplace
Just to the south stood Catalpa, where John Strode Barbour was born on 29 Dec. 1820. In 1849, he was appointed the state’s representative on the board of directors of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. The board elected him president in 1851 and he . . . — Map (db m8416) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — F-16 — Lee and Pope
To the south is Clark's Mountain, behind which Lee's army was gathered, August 17, 1862. From a signal station on the mountain top Lee looked down on Pope's army, which he wished to attack. Pope, realizing his danger, retired northward. — Map (db m4433) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — F-25A — Mitchells Presbyterian Church
Built in 1879, this Gothic Revival church stands two miles of this location. It contains an elaborate example of trompe-l’oeil fresco painting done in 1888. Joseph Dominick Phillip Oddenino, an Italian immigrant artist, painted to deceive the eye . . . — Map (db m23192) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — F-34 — Mount Pony Signal Station
In Aug. 1862, during the Civil War, Union Maj. Gen. John Pope established a signal station on Mount Pony, just northeast of here. On the summit of the mountain, a high scaffold was constructed out of trees for an observation post and a communication . . . — Map (db m4442) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Mountain Run Watershed
Culpeper has always depended on Mountain Run for its water. The small stream meandered through the town like so many citizens on a Sunday afternoon. But for many years, Mountain Run had a tendency to dry up during the summer months, leaving Culpeper . . . — Map (db m12780) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Pennsylvania
(Front):Pennsylvania remembers with solemn pride Her Heroic Sons who here repose in known and unknown graves may their sacrifice be an inspiration to the people and promote civic virtue, love of liberty, peace, prosperity and happiness in all . . . — Map (db m13457) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Second Massachusetts Infantry
The Second Massachusetts Infantry Have raised this stone in memory of their dead who fell in the Battle of Cedar Mountain Aug - 9 - 1862 — Map (db m13452) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Seventh Ohio Regiment1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Corps
Erected by the Seventh Ohio Regimental Association in honor of the officers and soldiers of that regiment who fought in the battle of Cedar Mountain Virginia August 9, 1862 many of whom are buried in unknown graves in this cemetery Killed 37 . . . — Map (db m13451) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — J-15 — Signal Stations
The hilltop northeast of this spot is Cole's Hill. The mountain to the west is Mount Pony. Both were used by Pope as signal stations, 1862. — Map (db m4582) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — The Battle of Cedar Mountain
On August 9, 1862, a Confederate army under "Stonewall" Jackson fought a hot engagement here in the shadow of Cedar Mountain against a Federal force commanded by the brashly confident John Pope. Jackson's army was much stronger, but a bold Federal . . . — Map (db m4443) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — The Battle of Cedar MountainAugust 9, 1862
In the summer of 1862 General John Pope formed the Federal Army of Virginia. While the elements of this new 63,000-man army were converging upon Culpeper, Confederate General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson saw that part of the Union army - 12,000 men . . . — Map (db m4444) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — The Battle of Cedar MountainThe Artillery Duel
The road to Culpeper ran on the other side of the fence to your right. A line of Confederate cannon angled from this point back to the Crittenden farm lane, currently the paved road along the edge of the field to your right. A second grouping of . . . — Map (db m4447) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — The Battle of Cedar MountainThe Awkward Position of the 21st Virginia
Without the leadership of either Generals Jackson or Winder, subordinate officers formed their men along the edge of woodlines where the ground offered a better field of fire. The men of the 21st Virginia were positioned here just inside the . . . — Map (db m4448) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — The Battle of Cedar MountainThe Federal Attack Reaches Its Climax
The fighting turned desperate and many combatants struggled hand-to-hand. Some of Crawford's Federal soldiers passed completely behind the 21st Virginia and entered the road near the Confederate artillery line. Confederate soldier John Worsham of . . . — Map (db m4449) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — The Battle of Cedar MountainJackson Rallies His Men
As the Confederate line broke, "Stonewall" Jackson stood firm and many of his soldiers witnessed the general as he rallied his troops while other officers motivated their men by pointing out the presence of their commanding general. "I recollect . . . — Map (db m4450) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — The Civil War
Four long years of bitter Civil War devastated Culpeper more than any other community in the country. Savage battles at Cedar Mountain, Kelly's Ford and Brandy Station left thousands of young Americans dead and wounded, and Culpeper's homes, . . . — Map (db m12779) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — The Culpeper Minute Men
Honoring the Culpeper Minute Men. Virginia's first, who organized in this field & fought their first battle at Great Bridge 1775 Erected by Culpeper Minute Men Chapter, DAR 6-14-71 — Map (db m12710) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — The Revolutionary War
Shortly after the revolutionary conventions held in the spring and summer of 1775, Culpeper County lieutenant James Barbour began organizing a 300-man battalion in the counties of Culpeper, Orange, and Fauquier. Yowell Meadow, then called Clayton's . . . — Map (db m12703) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — William "Extra Billy" Smith1797-1887
William Smith was born in King George County, Virginia. Arriving in Culpeper in 1818 as a young lawyer, the married Elizabeth Bell, the eldest daughter of a Culpeper merchant, and they had 11 children (4 died in infancy). In 1825, Smith built his . . . — Map (db m61367) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Elkwood — F-10 — Where Pelham Fell
Four miles southeast, at Kelly’s Ford, Major John Pelham, commanding Stuart’s Horse Artillery, was mortally wounded, March 17, 1863. — Map (db m23619) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Kellys Ford — Major John Pelham, C.S.A.
Commanding the Stuart Horse Artillery was mortally wounded at this site in The Battle of Kelly's Ford March 17, 1863 Erected 1981 by Admirers of The Gallant Pelham — Map (db m23618) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Kelly's Ford — J-36 — Battle of Kelly’s Ford
At dawn on 17 March 1863, Brig. Gen. William W. Averell led 2,100 Union cavalrymen across the Rappahannock River at Kelly’s Ford. Brig. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee with about 1,000 Confederate horsemen counterattacked northwest of here about noon. Noted . . . — Map (db m2250) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Kelly's Ford — Kelly's Ford
At this site in 1863 the federal forces charged across the river to begin the Battle of Kelly's Ford & Brandy Station. Traces of the ford & John P. Kelly's toll, 1837 to 1862, may still be seen at this point. — Map (db m21330) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Mitchells — Z-279 — Culpeper County / Orange County
(South facing side): Culpeper County Area 384 Square Miles Formed in 1748 from Orange, and named for Lord Culpeper, Governor of Virginia, 1680-1683. The Battle of Cedar Mountain, 1862, was fought in this county. (North facing . . . — Map (db m23774) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Mitchells — F-25 — Mitchells Presbyterian Church
This Gothic Revival church, built in 1879, contains an elaborate example of trompe-l’oeil fresco painting done in 1888. Joseph Dominick Phillip Oddenino, an Italian immigrant artist, painted to deceive the eye into believing that his plaster murals . . . — Map (db m23373) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Rapidan — F-21 — Crooked Run Baptist Church
Crooked Run Baptist Church was organized in 1772 and is named for the stream that flows nearby. James Garnett Sr., one of the early pastors, served the congregation from 1774 until close to his death in 1830. Another member, Thomas Ammon, became a . . . — Map (db m4737) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Rapidan — J-5 — George Washington Carver Regional High School
George Washington Carver Regional High School was founded in 1948 to serve the educational needs of black students in Culpeper, Madison, Orange, and Rappahannock counties. Secondary schools for blacks in those counties were either nonexistent or . . . — Map (db m4455) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Remington — Z-187 — Fauquier County / Culpeper County
Fauquier County Area 686 Square Miles Formed in 1759 from Prince William, and named for Francis Fauquier, Governor of Virginia, 1758-1768. Chief Justice John Marshall was born in this County. Culpeper County Area 384 Square Miles . . . — Map (db m2209) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Remington — Francis Hume
Capt Continental Line Indian Wars Rev War 1730 1813 — Map (db m2529) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Richardsville — John Lederer and Party
. . . — Map (db m12899) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Rixeyville — G-9 — Little Fork Church
One-half mile east stands Little Fork Espiscopal Church, begun 1753, destroyed by fire in 1773. Present structure completed in 1776. — Map (db m2683) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Rixeyville — Little Fork Episcopal Church"The peaceful parish became an entrenched camp"
In the spring of 1861, the Little Fork Rangers (Co. D, 4th Virginia Cavalry), mustered in the yard of Little Fork Episcopal Church. On July 4, the Rangers were presented with a battle flag as they left Rixeyville for the First Battle of Manassas. . . . — Map (db m72188) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Rixeyville — The Little Fork Rangers Monument
1861. Affectionately dedicated to The Little Fork Rangers {Co. D, 4. Va. Cavalry.} For heroic deeds, and Patriotic devotion. 1865. Firm as the firmest where duty led, They hurried without falter; Bold as the boldest they fought . . . — Map (db m2689) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Stevensburg — J-33 — Opening of the Wilderness Campaign
Near here the Second Corps of Grant's Army camped in the winter of 1863-64. To this point came Sheridan's cavalry, the Sixth Corps from Brandy Station, and the Fifth Corps from Culpeper. The Union Army moved hence to Germanna and Ely's Fords on the . . . — Map (db m83729) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Stevensburg — J-32 — Salubria
Just south stands Salubria, a rare estate of Georgian architecture in Virginia's Piedmont. The house is notable for its elegant proportions, fine Flemish-bond brickwork, and superb interior paneling. Salubria probably was constructed in the . . . — Map (db m4580) HM

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