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Nicholas County West Virginia Historical Markers

 
Seaberry Arms Osborne Marker image, Touch for more information
By J. J. Prats, July 14, 2019
Seaberry Arms Osborne Marker
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Belva — Seaberry Arms Osborne
Nearby is grave of Seaberry Osborne (circa, 1815-66), daughter of Chief Running Bear. She married Solomon Osborne in Cherokee, N.C. and in 1838 fled to escape “Trail of Tears.” The Native American pioneers found sanctuary in the . . . — Map (db m138009) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Bentree — Clay County / Nicholas County
Clay County. Formed in 1858 from Braxton and Nicholas. Named for the great Kentuckian, Henry Clay who was so popular in western Virginia that in 1820 a monument was erected to him for his part in bringing the National Road to Wheeling. . . . — Map (db m137998) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Birch River — Young's Monument
Off Young's Monument Rd. (.3M) is grave site of Henry & Lucinda Young. A Confed. militiaman or sympathizer, he was killed by Union troops nearby on 8 Sept. 1861. Details of Young's life and death are scant and confused, symbolizing divided . . . — Map (db m60368) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Drennen — North and South
At Kessler's Cross Lanes (5 miles east), Aug. 26, 1861 and at Carnifex Ferry (7 miles west) Sept. 10, 186l, battles occurred between Confederates under Gen. J. B. Floyd and Union troops under Col. E. B. Tyler and Gen. W. S. Rosecrans. — Map (db m138036) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Keslers Cross Lanes — Camp Gauley
Used in battle reenactments, these log breastworks stand near the site of the original Confederate entrenchments designated by General Floyd as Camp Gauley. The rebel fortifications consisted of several thousand feet of log breastworks, trenches, . . . — Map (db m21188) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Keslers Cross Lanes — Carnefix Ferry
The Civil War battle fought here on September 10, 1861 was named by the Union army after a nearby river ferry. Even though it was over a mile downstream, the ferry was the closest well-known landmark. Constructed by William Carnefix in the early . . . — Map (db m20845) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Keslers Cross Lanes — Carnifex Ferry
Scene of battle, Sept. 10, 1861, between Federal army of Gen. W.S. Rosecrans and Confederate army of Gen. John B. Floyd. Engagement followed defeat of Federals at Cross Lanes, Aug. 26, 1861. State acquired site Oct. 29, 1933. — Map (db m20843) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Keslers Cross Lanes — Cross Lanes Battle
Site of surprise attack by the Confederates under General John B. Floyd on the early morning of Aug. 26, 1861 against Federal troops of the 7th Ohio Inf., led by Colonel E.B. Tyler. The Federal soldiers were badly defeated and scattered. They lost . . . — Map (db m76621) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Keslers Cross Lanes — Henry Patterson House
Built in the 1850's by Mr. Patterson, this house was caught between opposing armies during the Battle of Carnifex Ferry. — Map (db m20864) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Keslers Cross Lanes — Keslers Cross Lanes / First County Court
Keslers Cross Lanes. Here at the crossroads was an area of early settlement and growth. In 1854 Fred Kessler & John Vaughan opened store; Vaughan appointed postmaster. Site of first meeting of Nicholas County Court; significant Civil War . . . — Map (db m76618) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Keslers Cross Lanes — Kesslers Cross Lanes"Battle of Knives and Forks"
In 1861, both Union and Confederate forces vied for control of Western Virginia. By July, Union Gen. Jacob D. Cox had driven Confederate Gen. Henry A Wise’s army out of the Kanawha Valley and was advancing east on the James River and Kanawha . . . — Map (db m59197) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Keslers Cross Lanes — The Battle of Carnifex Ferry
Seeking to gain a foothold in Western Virginia from which to conduct military operations, Gen. John B. Floyd, C.S.A. with approx. 1,800 troops established Camp Gauley here on the Patterson Farm about one mile from Carnifex Ferry. Gen. William . . . — Map (db m20876) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Kesslers Cross Lanes — Fight At Ramsey’s Fort
Ramsey’s Fort was a small Union garrison located on a hill west of Kessler’s Cross Lanes during the Civil War that was named for the commander of the local militia, Capt. J.R. Ramsey. A large number of Confederates with Thurmond’s Partisan . . . — Map (db m138068) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Kesslers Cross Lanes — Zoar Baptist Church
Organized on April 17, 1824 by twelve members from the Hopewell Church in Fayette County at the home of Henry Morris on Peter’s Creek. The first building of frame, constructed in 1840, was destroyed by Union soldiers in 1861. The building was . . . — Map (db m138064) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Mount Nebo — Hughes Ferry/Bridge
Site of first ferry in Nicholas County to cross Gauley River nearby. Owned first by William McClung; lost in court case to Ed Hughes. Family operated until 1903, when county built bridge for $7,200. Vital transportation link for settlers and . . . — Map (db m138101) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Mt. Lookout — Hawks Nest Tunnel Disaster Workers Grave Site
While digging Hawks Nest Tunnel in early 1930's, hundreds of the mostly black, migrant workforce contracted acute silicosis from silica dust and later died. Many were buried in secret, unmarked graves to the north. In 1971, the bodies were reburied . . . — Map (db m78389) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Mt. Lookout — Hawks Nest Workers Memorial and Grave Site
This Memorial honors an estimated 764 tunnel workers who died from mining a 3.8 mile tunnel through Gauley Mountain to divert water from the New River to a hydroelectric plant near Gauley Bridge in 1930-31. The tunnel cut through almost pure silica . . . — Map (db m78390) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Poe — Bethel United Methodist Church
Oldest church in Nicholas County. Founded by Backus, Walker, Johnson, Linager, Brown, Nutter, dorsey, Simms, Gross & Hamrick families. Served by circuit rider meeting in homes until log church built, 1810. Blacks attended; services alternated . . . — Map (db m138060) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Summersville — Nancy Hart's Capture
Nancy Hart, noted, beautiful Confederate spy, was seized July, 1862, leading attack in which most of Summersville was burned. She killed her guard with his pistol and escaped. She was buried on Manning Knob. — Map (db m78393) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Summersville — Summersville
Summersville was established in 1820 and made the county seat. Nicholas County, which was settled about 1785, was crossed by the Pocahontas Trail which led from the Greenbrier Valley to the valley of the Great Kanawha. — Map (db m78392) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Summersville Dam — Flood Control — Summersville Lake —
As the primary purpose of the Summersville Lake Project is flood control, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers continuously monitors rainfall and stream flow conditions. To prevent downstream flooding, the USACE monitors stream gauges in both . . . — Map (db m138072) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Summersville Dam — Running the RiverWhy Howell-Bunger Valves? — Summersville Lake —
1) Only a relatively small force is required to move the valve. 2) Excellent flow regulation over a wide range of discharges can easily be obtained. 3) Ability to oxygenate water, benefiting downstream ecosystems. At the time of . . . — Map (db m138069) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Summerville — Nancy HartLegendary Spy
The story of Nancy Hart is a blur of fact and legend. Born in Virginia in 1843, she settled with her family first in southwestern Virginia and then in Roane County by the mid-1850s. There, she grew to young adulthood and learned to ride and shoot as . . . — Map (db m124928) HM
West Virginia (Nicholas County), Zela — Pioneer School
Here on Peter’s Creek, mouth of Whitewater, was a log school with greased paper windows dirt floor and split log seats for Nicholas County students from Bucks Garden to Meadows (Keslers Cross Lanes). Opened 1809, teacher Joseph Pierson. — Map (db m138039) HM

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