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John Abbott memorial image, Touch for more information
By Larry Gertner, April 2018
John Abbott memorial
United Kingdom, England, City of London — The Monument
This monument designed by Sir Christopher Wren was built to commemorate the Great Fire of London 1666 which burned for three days consuming more than 13,000 houses and devastating 436 acres of the City. The Monument is 202 ft in height, being equal . . . — Map (db m104064) HM
Maine (Cumberland County), Portland — Arctic Campaign Memorial
In memory of three thousand men and women who gave their lives in the Arctic Campaign 1941-1945 on convoys to and from Russia

We will remember them

May 2000 This granite is given by the people of Murmansk City, Russia to the people of . . . — Map (db m105684) WM

Maine (Cumberland County), Portland — Boxer and EnterpriseHistoric Site
On September 5, 1813 off Monhegan Island on the coast of Maine, the American brig “Enterprise” commanded by 28 year old Lt. William Burrows engaged in battle with the British brig “Boxer” commanded by 29 year old Captain . . . — Map (db m107049) HM
Maine (Cumberland County), Portland — On this site
On this site from 1784 till 1955 stood the house in which Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was born February 27, 1807

This boulder is from the Hiram farm of his grandfather, General Peleg Wadsworth, where the poet spent many happy youthful days. The . . . — Map (db m105721) HM

Maryland (Carroll County), Westminster — A Final TributeBattle of Westminster — Corbit's Charge, June 29, 1863
The city of Westminster and the citizens of Carroll County proudly honor the brave men of the 1st Delaware Cavalry and the vanguard of Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry who fought and died during this engagement in the Gettysburg Campaign. We comment the . . . — Map (db m103828) WM
Maryland (Carroll County), Westminster — Mayor Joseph L. Mathias
A tribute Mayor Joseph L. Mathias 1884-1963 A community leader who served the city of Westminster with dedication and distinction over a period of thirty -two years. City Councilman 1927-1937 Mayor of Westminster 1942-1963 Eliminated . . . — Map (db m103912) HM
Maryland (Carroll County), Westminster — Neal Home
Site of Abner Neal home. His sons, Henry and Frank, were arrested on Aug.28, 1862 as Southern supporters. Released, they joined the Army of Virginia and returned with Stuart's advance guard on June 29, 1863, en route to Gettysburg. Here, Brig. Gen. . . . — Map (db m103746) HM
Maryland (Carroll County), Westminster — The Opera House
Built in 1854 as an Odd Fellows Hall and served as an "Opera House" and community center for nearly a century. Reported to have been used by Union troops during the Civil War. Opera House printing company located here in 1976 by its owner, . . . — Map (db m103704) HM
Maryland (Carroll County), Westminster — Westminster MD Town Survey
At the rear of this property there is a green stone marking the starting point for the patent of White's level of September 27, 1738, and for the survey of the town of Westminster made by William Winchester in 1764, and shown of the plat recorded by . . . — Map (db m103707) HM
Maryland (Carroll County), Westminster — Westminster MD War Memorial
Dedicated to the honor and sacrifice of the men and women of Westminster who served in the armed forces of the United States in all wars. — Map (db m103826) WM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Richfield
Birthplace of Rear Admiral Winfield Scott Schley, USN Born Oct. 9, 1839 - Died Oct. 2, 1911 "The Hero of Santiago" July 3, 1898 — Map (db m103444) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Jefferson — Honoring Our VeteransJefferson, Maryland
In honor and memory of the brave men and women in the armed forced of the United States from the Jefferson area who have so faithfully served out country. Your courage, devotion, and sacrifice in providing us protection and our many freedoms will . . . — Map (db m103443) WM
Massachusetts (Berkshire County), Great Barrington — The Niagara Movement
The Niagara Movement was Du Bois’s first attempt to form a civil rights organization. This was the first substantial Black-organized protest movement of the twentieth century. It led to the founding of the NAACP in 1909. The first meeting . . . — Map (db m107764) HM
Massachusetts (Berkshire County), Great Barrington — W.E. B. Du Bois Birthsite
“I was born by a golden river and in the shadow of two great hills, five years after the Emancipation Proclamation.” Birthsite of W.E.B. Dubois (1868-1963) Premier architect of the American Civil Rights Movement Erected by The . . . — Map (db m107756) HM
Massachusetts (Berkshire County), Great Barrington — W.E.B. Du Bois: Champion of Rivers Around the World
Kindled by his love for the Housatonic River, W.E.B. Du Bois became a champion of rivers around the world. Harlem Renaissance writer and poet Langston Hughes composed “The Negro Speaks of Rivers” when he was only eighteen years . . . — Map (db m107664) HM
Massachusetts (Berkshire County), Great Barrington — William Stanley OverlookHousatonic River Walk
William Stanley (1858-1916) devised an innovative electric distribution system using an alternating-current transformer. His laboratory was in Horace Day’s rambling, vacant rubberwear factory, the foundation of which is just visible on the . . . — Map (db m107662) HM
New Hampshire (Carroll County), Bartlett — Site of the Willey House
Site of the Willey House Landslide 1826 Erected by Anne Stickney Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution 1875 — Map (db m105632) HM
New Hampshire (Carroll County), Wolfeboro — The Loyal Men of Wolfeboro
Erected to the memory of the loyal men of Wolfeboro who served in the War of 1861-1865 by grateful citizens — Map (db m105602) WM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Franconia — A Delicate Balance
Geologists speculate that the Old Man of the Mountain, formed by a retreating glacier during the last ice age, looked out over Profile Lake for more than 12,000 years. On May 3, 2003, the delicate balance that had held the “Great Stone . . . — Map (db m105991) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Franconia — Eagle Cliff
You are looking at Eagle Cliff. Rising 1,500 feet above the valley floor this shoulder of Mt. Lafayette is part of the eastern wall of Franconia Notch. The cliff derives its name from the Golden Eagles that once nested among the crags. Guests of . . . — Map (db m106090) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Franconia — Franconia Notch

State of New Hampshire Franconia Notch Forest Reservation and Memorial Park Acquired with funds appropriated by the legislature of 1925 and the donations of Fifteen thousand contributors secured through The Society for Protection of New . . . — Map (db m105993) HM WM

New Hampshire (Grafton County), Franconia — Landslides
The 1849 Gazetteer of New Hampshire called them – “slips, that were made by an extraordinary discharge of water from the clouds. They commence near the summit of the mountain and proceed to its base, forcing a passage through all . . . — Map (db m106089) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Franconia — Niels F.F. Nielsen, Jr.
In recognition of over 30 years of service to the citizens and visitors of the State of New Hampshire Niels F.F. Nielsen, Jr. The first official caretaker of the Old Man of the Mountain. This was his labor of love. Presented by Governor . . . — Map (db m106093) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Franconia — Old Man of the Mountain
Old Man of the Mountain “The Great Stone Face” 48 ft. from forehead to chin 1200 ft. above Profile Lake 3200 ft. above sea level First seen by white men in 1805 — Map (db m105989) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Franconia — Profile Lake
Called Ferrin’s Pond by early settlers and travelers, who often camped by the outlet, this 15-acre mountain lake has also been known as the Old Man’s Mirror and the Old Man’s Washbowl.

With the building of the Lafayette House in 1835, and the . . . — Map (db m106088) HM

New Hampshire (Grafton County), Franconia — The Appalachian Trail
The Appalachian Range stretches from the Canadian Border to the edge of the Mississippi, a distance of 3,000 miles. Today, a hiking trail follows the backbone of this range from Springer Mountain, Georgia to Mt. Katahdin, Maine: passing through 14 . . . — Map (db m106091) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Franconia — The Cannon on the Skyline
On the skyline 1800 above you stands cannon Rock. This natural rock formation, consisting of a hugh (sic) table-like stone superimposed on a large boulder, stands guard over Franconia Notch like a cannon protruding from the parapet of an ancient . . . — Map (db m106092) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), River Vale — In Honor Of USS Enterprise (CV-6)1938-1947
In Honor Of USS Enterprise (CV-6) 1938-1947 20 Battle Stars World War II Presidential Unit Citation Navy Unit Commendation Most battle stars awarded to any World War II ship. Only fast carrier to be awarded both the Presidential Unit . . . — Map (db m113981) WM
New Jersey (Bergen County), River Vale — USS Enterprise (CV-6) Stern Plate
USS Enterprise (CV-6) Stern Plate Mr. Henry Hoffman, the engineer responsible for the dismantling of the Enterprise between 1958 and 1960, had the foresight to recognize the historical significance of the Aircraft Carrier’s stern plate. In 1959 . . . — Map (db m113980) WM
New Jersey (Cape May County), Ocean City — Ocean City TabernacleTower and Bells
The tower and bells were dedicated to the glory of God on June 14, 1998. In 1893 the federal government commissioned a set of thirteen bells to provide the music for a celebration commemorating the 100th anniversary of the laying of the . . . — Map (db m106342) HM
New York (Dutchess County), Stanfordville — Freedom Square Park
Dedicated to the 140 Civil War soldiers of Stanford “Our cause is a good and just one” Talmadge Wood, 156th N.Y. Vol. Inf. Mortally Wounded at Gettysburg July 3, 1863 — Map (db m105603) WM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Abbottstown — John Abbott
1976 This old stone marked the grave of John Abbott, son of town’s founder. Since 1763, in a fence row at upper end of town at a site 128 ft east of Abbott Street 35 feet south of Water Street. Moved to this place in 1976 to make way for a parking . . . — Map (db m118927) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Fairfield — Harry E. Brown
This "fire gong" came from the Fairfield farm of Harry E. Brown 1874-1951 Volunteer Fireman Church leader Civic elder School Board president First "Pennsylvania Master Farmer" of Adams County (1935) Given in memory by his grandsons Thomas . . . — Map (db m103690) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Fairfield — Major Samuel S. Starr
Major Samuel S. Starr and other wounded officers of the 6th U.S. Cavalry were cared for here July 3, 1863 — Map (db m103691) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Fountaindale — Before The Battle Of GettysburgEvents Along The Emmitsburg & Waynesboro Turnpike
On June 22, 1863, a skirmish erupted at Monterey Pass when Company D of the 4th Virginia Cavalry attacked portions of Union cavalry under the command of Captain Robert Bell, Captain Samuel Randall, and several members of the Gettysburg Home Guard. . . . — Map (db m104826) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Fountaindale — The Battle Of Monterey PassCitizens’ Stories and Kilpatrick’s Advance
On the afternoon of July 4, Union General Judson Kilpatrick left Emmitsburg with three brigades of cavalry, supported by three batteries of rifled artillery. Kilpatrick was ordered to locate and attack a Confederate wagon train that was moving over . . . — Map (db m104827) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Fountaindale — The Fountaindale Lutheran Church and Cemetery
At this site, on December 8, 1842, the Lutheran Church of Fountaindale was consecrated by pastor Solomon Sentman. The church was built on land owned by Joseph and Isaac Baugher, and previously owned by Daniel Sprenkle. In 1842, there were 55 . . . — Map (db m116091) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — ...broken by gunfire...
This stone was broken by gun fire during the Battle of Gettysburg — Map (db m105346) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — ...built for defense
This wall was built for defense July 3rd P.M., 1863 — Map (db m105519) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — ...Lincoln passed by...
President Lincoln passed by this tree on November 19, 1863 — Map (db m105374) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 18th Miss. Inf.
In memory 18th Miss. Inf. 1861-1865 — Map (db m105375) WM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Battle of GettysburgEast Cemetery Hill — July 2, 1863
This hallowed ground witnessed a furious struggle in a climactic moment on July 2, 1863, during the Battle of Gettysburg. Confederate forces attacked and briefly broke the Union line here. After a fierce struggle, the Confederates were forced to . . . — Map (db m105076) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — C.W. Hoffman House
Built circa 1842, this house, the last remaining building of the C.W. HOFFMAN carriage-making complex, is linked to one of the most famous anecdotes of the Battle. For here worked Wesley Culp, a native of Gettysburg who moved south as a Confederate . . . — Map (db m105493) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Chaplain Samuel Henry Stein
Chaplain This tablet marks the spot where the Rev. Samuel Henry Stein, D.D. L.L.D. met his death December 20, 1930 Chaplain of the Firemen's Association of the State of Pennsylvania 1914-1930 Erected to his memory by . . . — Map (db m90690) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Citizens of Gettysburg
In memory of the citizens of Gettysburg who suffered much during and after those dreadful three days in July 1863. — Map (db m105118) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Civil War HospitalIssac Miller Farm
Civil War Hospital Isaac Miller Farm Stuart's Cavalry Division July 3, 1863 — Map (db m103884) WM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Gettys' Tavern Site
Near this site stood Samuel Gettys’ tavern, at which on June 24, 1775 most of Captain Michael Doudel’s company of riflemen was enlisted, from the Marsh Creek settlement, in prompt response to the call of the Continental Congress for volunteers. The . . . — Map (db m105372) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Lee's Headquarters At GettysburgThe Dustman Barn Foundation
The foundation in front of you is all that remains of Casper Henry Dustman’s antebellum barn, a building that stood here during the Battle of Gettysburg. Typical of barns in this area, the wood-framed section was larger than the foundation, which . . . — Map (db m118902) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Lee's Headquarters At GettysburgThe Riggs House
In the summer of 1863, Alexander Riggs and his family lived in a house that stood before you, directly across the Chambersburg Pike from Mary Thompson’s. Like most of Gettysburg’s dwellings, the Riggs house was caught up in the whirlwind of battle, . . . — Map (db m118903) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Site of the Rogers House
The site of the Rogers House 1863 — Map (db m105343) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — St. James Lutheran ChurchFounded 1789.
Services conducted here when local militia company, Independent Blues, left in response to Lincoln’s Call in April 1861. Mary Virginia Wade, only civilian killed during the Battle of Gettysburg, confirmed here, April 20, 1862. Church then on this . . . — Map (db m105373) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — T.T. Tate House
Built by Dr. Theodore Thompson Tate in 1867, this double gable, board and batten cottage is a rare local example of the Carpenter Gothic Style popularized by the noted Landscape Architect Andrew Jackson Downing. Dr. Tate, a prominent local surgeon, . . . — Map (db m105492) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — The Confederate Attack Towards This Position
The cemetery archway ahead is shown behind the guns in this wartime engraving. — Map (db m105075) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — The James Gettys Hotel
Built in 1803, this hotel served as a popular stopping place, providing lodging and entertainment far and wide. Today, the James Gettys Hotel carried on its historic tradition with suites named after the many domestic and commercial businesses . . . — Map (db m105491) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 8b — The Seminary Hospital
Near this spot on the afternoon of July 1, 1863, Lt. Col. George F. McFarland, 151th Pennsylvania Volunteers, fell severely wounded as a deadly Confederate crossfire swept Seminary Ridge. Struck in both legs, he fell instantly. A private hoisted . . . — Map (db m105521) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Greenmount — David L. Grove
In Memory of Wildlife Conservation Officer David L. Grove March 5, 1979 - November 11, 2010 Officer Grove made the ultimate sacrifice in the line of duty while protecting the citizens of the Commonwealth and its wildlife resources. — Map (db m105534)
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Heidlersburg — Original Studebaker Wagon Shop
-On this site in 1830- John Clement Studebaker built his first wagon shop. The Studebaker family left this location in 1835, to go west eventually settling in South Bend, Indiana. In 1852 his sons founded the wagon manufacturing company that . . . — Map (db m94507) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Hunterstown — Civil War Hospital
Civil War Hospital Great Conewago Presbyterian Church Dressing Station and Burial Site July 2 and 3, 1863 — Map (db m105517) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), New Oxford — Gettysburg Campaign
The 26th Regiment, Pennsylvania Emergency Militia, passed through New Oxford on the evening of 24 June, 1863, enroute from Harrisburg to Gettysburg. About three miles west of New Oxford, the train was derailed when the engine struck a cow on the . . . — Map (db m105607) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), New Oxford — Road Versus Rail
During the 19th century, railroads had become primary arteries transporting the public over long distances. The honk of automobile horns, however, sounded the death knell for many passenger railroads. With advances in road building, technology and . . . — Map (db m105532) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Mellon Square
. . . — Map (db m106420)
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — The Mansion House
This building marks the site of the hotel where Lafayette lodged from May 30 to June 1, 1825 on his tour as the nation’s guest. The tavern was known as the Mansion House and was removed about 1838. — Map (db m106417) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Camp Hill — Maurice K. Goddard1912-1995
A Former Camp Hill resident, “Doc” Goddard served five governors in an unprecedented career from 1955-1979 as Secretary of Forests and Waters and the Department of Environmental Resources. Goddard expanded the state park system, . . . — Map (db m94538) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Camp Hill — Samuel Albright HouseSunday, June 28 and Monday, June 29, 1863
In the late days of 1863, Samuel Albright’s house and farm were used as a Confederate bivouac site and artillery position. In the 1860 Census, Samuel Albright was listed as born “about 1823” and living in what was then East Pennsboro . . . — Map (db m94702) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Camp Hill — Sporting HillSunday, June 28, 1863
Spearheading the Confederate advance on Harrisburg, Confederate General Albert G. Jenkins captured Mechanicsburg on the morning of Sunday, June 28, 1863. From there, Jenkins split his 1,200 man cavalry force—sending some 300-400 northward via . . . — Map (db m94824) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Camp Hill — Sporting HillTuesday, June 30, 1863
After an eventful two days of probing Harrisburg’s defenses, Confederate General Albert G. Jenkins had received the welcome orders to stand down. Lieutenant General Richard Ewell’s two Confederate infantry divisions currently in Carlisle, numbering . . . — Map (db m94897) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Camp Hill — The Skirmish of Oyster’s PointSunday, June 28 and Monday, June 29, 1863
Confederate General’s Albert G. Jenkin’s trot towards Harrisburg was stalled as he neared Oyster’s Point, named for a tavern owned by the Oyster family at the junction of Carlisle Pike and Trindle Springs Road. In 1863, these two roads met to form a . . . — Map (db m94676) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Camp Hill — White Hall School
In May 1866, the White Hall School for soldiers’ orphans opened in the 2100 block of Market Street in what is now Camp Hill. Within a year it had 121 boys and 80 girls under its roof, with a faculty of five and a staff of twelve. The students wore . . . — Map (db m94677) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — "Old Abe"The War Eagle — Served: 1861-1865
Although taking unit mascots on campaigns and into action has been widespread throughout military history, the most notable in American history is most likely “Old Abe”, the war eagle. Purchased by a member of the future 8th Wisconsin . . . — Map (db m103970) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — "Tigers in Support"
Soldiers of the Third Platoon, Charlie Company, Sixth Medium Tank Battalion, 24th Infantry Division received an urgent message on April 25, 1951. It was from the Rangers of the Eighth Ranger Company (Airborne) (code name Old Rose), who found . . . — Map (db m104741) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — 360 Degrees of FireM102 105mm Towed Light Artillery
The M102 howitzer was introduced in 1964 to replace the older M101A1 howitzer. Utilizing a lightweight aluminum carriage, the M102 could be easily airlifted by helicopter, dropped with airborne units, or pulled by a vehicle. The wishbone shaped . . . — Map (db m104331) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — 44th Bomb Group (Heavy)
(Obverse) 44th Bomb Group (Heavy) 8th Air Force – U.S. Army Air Corps Station 115, Shipdham, England Sept. 1942 – May 1945 66th, 67th, 68th, 506th Squadrons 8000 personnel/344 combat missions 153 B-24s lost/330 Axis aircraft AC . . . — Map (db m104821) WM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — 80th InfantryBlue Ridge Division — Only Moves Forward
80th Infantry Blue Ridge Division Only Moves Forward A.E.F. 1917-1919 Artois-Picardy Somme St. Mihiel Meuse-Argonne Battle Deaths 1232 Casualties 5000 E.T.O. 1942-1946 Northern France Ardennes Rhineland Central Europe Battle Deaths . . . — Map (db m104822) WM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — 88th InfantryBlue Devil Division — The first all-draftee unit in WWII
(Obverse) 88th Infantry Blue Devil Division The first all-draftee unit in WWII WW-I 1917-1919 Alsace KIA-12 WIA-66 WW-II 1942-1945 Rome-Arno North Appennines Po Valley KIA-2937 WIA-8248 MIA-510 Dedicated by Northeastern Chapter . . . — Map (db m104823) WM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — A Century of ProtectionThe Block House in America
Captain Daniel Cushing, 2nd U.S. Artillery, noted in his diary of 16 February 1813, that the men “placed one twelve pound cannon in the lower blockhouse. Gen. [William Henry] Harrison gave notice this evening that he expected to be attacked . . . — Map (db m104888) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — A New German Offender:The PAK 43/41
While the German Army was often at the forefront of technological development during World War II, one area where they lacked consistency was in antitank weapons. The Germans copied designs from the Swiss and even re-engineered captured Russian . . . — Map (db m105017) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — A Soldier StoryThe capture of the flag of the 11th Mississippi Infantry — 17 September 1862
A Soldier Story: The capture of the flag of the 11th Mississippi Infantry 17 September 1862 “Col. Dwight caught up our rebel flag.” Capt. Charles F. Morse Company B, 2nd Mass. Infantry — Map (db m105013) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — A Toll Paid in BloodThe Battle of Antietam
In the Maryland Campaign of September 1862, the Hagerstown Turnpike, a privately built toll road, served as a valuable route for troop movements. The Turnpike possibly was a macadam road, constructed with layers of broken-down stones. The . . . — Map (db m123137) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — A Tough Nut To Crack
As World War I progressed, German strategy took a defensive posture. While Allied trenches were designed for the purpose of launching attacks and raids, German trenches were developed with strongly prepares 2nd and 3rd tier defensive lines. These . . . — Map (db m104325) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Aid Station
The Army Medical Department that served in France was the best equipped and trained Medical Department up to that time. Trained enlisted aid men were attached to each company in a division and provided immediate care and evacuated the wounded to an . . . — Map (db m104087) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Army Aviation in Vietnam
The helicopter evolved during World War II and while its military application was clear, the technology took time to advance to meet its expectations. By the end of WWII designs were being fielded and during the Korean War helicopters were . . . — Map (db m104444) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Army Medical Department Memorial
In memory of the officers nurses and enlisted men Medical Department United States Army who lost their lives during the World War This tablet erected by their coworkers of the Medical Department — Map (db m119417) WM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Bill Beck and Russell Adams
When 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry arrived at LZ X-Ray, the Soldiers fanned out to develop a defensive perimeter. One of those Soldiers was SP4 Bill Beck of Steelton, PA. He was a member of an M-60 machinegun crew of Weapons Squad, 3rd Platoon, Alpha . . . — Map (db m104446) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Bugler John CookBattery B, 4th United States Field Artillery
“General Gibbon, our commander, had just ordered Lieutenant Stewart to take his section about one hundred yards to the right of the Hagerstown Pike, in front of two straw stacks, when he beckoned me to follow. No sooner had we unlimbered, when . . . — Map (db m123139) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Chief Warrant Officer 4 William F. Hale (Retired)

William F. Hale entered the Army in August 1972, and completed basic training at Fort Polk, Louisiana. He began his specialty training, Sergeant Missile Crewman at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, in January 1973. By 1991, after advancing through many . . . — Map (db m104802) HM

Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Civil War Cabins
Cook House Soldiers on Active campaigns were issued raw rations which they prepared themselves, usually over an open fire. While in winter quarters, company cooks prepared and served food from a log cook house. Food prepared by the cooks . . . — Map (db m105015) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Civil War Winter Cabins
During the American Civil War, the onset of winter weather brought much of the fighting to a close until Spring. Federal and Confederate troops erected winter quarters from forests and scavenged from structures. Construction styles varied and each . . . — Map (db m105014) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — COL. Joseph D. Newsome
Joe Newsome, a Pennsylvania native, graduated from the Pennsylvania Military College in 1961 and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the US Army. During his 28-year career he served in a variety of units, including Field Artillery and . . . — Map (db m104443) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Cold War
The end of the Second World War brought an alignment of the developed world behind each of the world’s two superpowers: The United States and the Soviet Union. The West’s struggle against the worldwide threat of Communism came to be called the Cold . . . — Map (db m104798) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Colonel Robert W. Black
Colonel Robert W. Black was born on June 15, 1926 in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. He grew up on a farm between Carlisle and Gettysburg. He enlisted in the regular Army after High School, volunteered for the Airborne and completed Parachute and Glider . . . — Map (db m104963) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Coren Apartments
Multiple structures have stood on the spot of Coren Apartments, named for Captain Issac Coren, who began his Army career in Colonel Henry Knox's Continental Artillery Regiment. In January 1777, General George Washington named Coren commander of the . . . — Map (db m119139) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Corporal Eugene C. Rivera
On April 25, 1951, The Eight Ranger Company (Airborne) found themselves heavily engaged with Chinese forces as they provided forward reconnaissance during the withdrawal of the 24th Infantry Division near a Korean terrain feature designated Hill . . . — Map (db m104739) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Corporal John D. LaWallSixteen Months in the Philippines — Served: 1899-1901
At the age of fifteen John D. LaWall enlisted in the 27th U.S. Volunteer Infantry. He returned home in 1901 and wrote a brief summary of his service during the Philippine Insurrection.

There is a time in the life of nearly every boy when he . . . — Map (db m103939) HM

Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Defender of Pusan8 Inch Howitzer, M1
The 8 Inch Howitzer was a large-caliber field artillery piece, which provided long-range fire support to Army combat units during World War II (where it was first fielded in 1944), the Korean War, Vietnam, and Cold War. Based on the British 8 Inch . . . — Map (db m104738) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Dragoon Circle
Named for the dragoon units stationed at Carlisle Barracks and the Dragoons who trained at its Cavalry School of Practice during the school’s tenure of operation from 1838 to 1861. — Map (db m120198) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Drummer Jarvis Hanks11th U.S. Infantry, Battle of Lundy’s Lane — Served: July 25, 1814
Promised by a sergeant that he would only play a drum during recruiting duty. Jarvis Hanks of the 11th U.S. Infantry, who at 14 years of age, would beat his drum at one of the most formative moments of Army history. Combining communication and . . . — Map (db m104886) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — DutyThe Ia Drang Valley, November 1965
“We went to war because our country asked us to go, because our new president… ordered us to go, but more importantly because we saw it as our duty to go.” Lt. Gen. Harold G. Moore, USA (Ret.) “We Were Soldiers Once… . . . — Map (db m104563) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Final Act – LZ AlbanyNovember 17-18, 1965
Following the close of the fighting around LZ X-Ray, The NVA forces disengaged and disappeared into the surrounding foliage. Us commanders began to remove their troops from the field primarily by helicopter. Because of the extensive air traffic the . . . — Map (db m104447) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Frederick the Great
In 1902, Prince Henry, brother of Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany, visited the United States to cultivate a relationship between the two countries. Wilhelm gave a statue of his ancestor Frederick the Great, known for his military prowess, to the . . . — Map (db m119069) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — From Chu Lai to the Fulda GapAH-1G to AH-1S
The AH-1G “Cobra” or “Snake” helicopter system filled the Army’s need for a fast armed escort/attack helicopter in Vietnam. unlike the lightly armed Huey, the Cobra carried an array of weapons systems that quickly proved . . . — Map (db m104743) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — General Francis “Swamp Fox” Marion
Francis Marion was born in 1732 on his family’s plantation in St. John’s parish, Berkeley County, South Carolina. Marion became famous for his highly effective use of guerilla warfare and he served as a model for the future United States Army . . . — Map (db m104965) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Guard Tower
Every American installation was protected by barbed wire obstructions, bunkers and guarded by a chain of tower that provided an elevated position from which to observe the protective perimeter. Initially these towers were constructed of wood and . . . — Map (db m104383) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Improvised Explosive Devices (IED)
Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) IEDs are low-technology explosive devices, which are usually homemade. Materials used to make these devices vary widely and include locally sourced switches, power supplies, initiators, explosive devices, and . . . — Map (db m123183) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Induction Centers
During World War II millions of draftees began their military service by reporting to induction centers established throughout the country. At the induction center future soldiers had to successfully complete the following tasks: - Undergo . . . — Map (db m105022) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — IntegrityInter-Allied Games — June-July 1919
Integrity Inter-Allied Games June-July 1919

“Run the Army Heritage Trail” Distance: Approximately ¾ mile — Map (db m104824) HM

Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Kady BrownellDaughter of a Soldier, Wife of a Soldier, Daughter of the Regiment — Served: 1861-1862
Of the women who accompanied Civil War armies, many disguised themselves as men. Born and reared in British Army camps in Africa, where women were commonplace, Kady chose to retain her identity. She followed her husband, Robert Brownwell, into . . . — Map (db m104010) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Lieutenant Colonel William Orlando Darby
William Orlando Darby was born on February 9, 1911. He grew up in Fort Smith, Arkansas. He was a former Boy Scout and was an excellent student. Darby attended the United States Military Academy at West Point. He graduated in 1933 as a Second . . . — Map (db m122622) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Loyalty
The dispatch runners of the Argonne Forest, October 1918

“… and infantry runner passed by…” Private Meyer Cohen, 304th Field Artillery

“So I took my .45 Colt out of its holster and put it in my overcoat and I had it . . . — Map (db m104565) HM

Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Machine Gun Post
Each Division had three Machine Gun Battalions and each Infantry Regiment had a Machine Gun Company attached that were armed with one of the variety of machine guns in use by the American Expeditionary Forces.

The stability and relative . . . — Map (db m104265) HM

Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Meet Private Donald D. KylerCompany G, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division — American Expeditionary Force, World War One
Donald Kyler was sixteen years of age when he enlisted in the Regular Army in April of 1917. A native of Whitley County, Indiana, he grew up on a farm and in the small town of Collamer. With the consent of one of his family, he enlisted at Fort . . . — Map (db m104048) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Model 1857 Light 12 Pound Gun-Howitzer"Napoleon"
Named after Napoleon III, Emperor of France, the bronze tube design adopted in 1857 became the most widely used smoothbore artillery piece during the Civil War. At the battle of Antietam the U.S. Army employed 108 “Napoleon” pieces on . . . — Map (db m123138) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — New and Improved but Not Soon Enough:The M1918 Artillery Cart
By 1918, the developments in telephone and telegraphic communication played a major role in how armies fought on the battlefield. For artillerists, this meant the eventual end of signal flags and runners. Now forward observers could report back to . . . — Map (db m104324) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — No Man's Land
No Man’s Land referred to the battle shape between the front line trenches. Soldiers entered No Man’s land during major attacks, raids, patrols, barbed wire maintenance details and to bring in casualties. Except for major attacks which usually began . . . — Map (db m104266) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Obstacle Course
The World War II-era Obstacle Course was part of the Army’s effort to physically train and prepare recruits for the rigors of combat. The Army’s physical training regimen consisted of different activities including military drill, calisthenics . . . — Map (db m104884) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — One-Oh-FiveM101A1 105mm Towed Light Howitzer
The M101 series howitzer, or M2A1, first entered service in 1940 in order to provide close infantry support. Following changes made to its carriage during World War II, which added more frontal shielding, the M101 was reclassified the M101A1. . . . — Map (db m104330) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Personal CourageOmaha Beach, 6 June 1944
“I had only one thought and that was to get at the enemy.” Captain Joseph T. Dawson 1st Infantry Division — Map (db m104613) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Pine Cottage
“Pine Cottage”, (reconstructed) demonstrates vertical log construction. Instead of laying logs horizontally and joining them at the corners with “custom” cut, corner notches, logs were placed upright and tied together at the . . . — Map (db m105016) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Post of Command
Underground rooms called dugouts were used for a variety of purposes from storing supplies, housing troops and communication centers near the front line. Many were built deep underground using heavy timbers and corrugated iron and were often . . . — Map (db m104088) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Pratt Hall
Pratt Hall B.G. R.H. Pratt, Supt Carlisle Indian Industrial School 1879-1904 In 1879, Pratt successfully lobbied the Departmernt of the Interioir and the War Department for the establishment of an Indian school at the abandoned cavalry . . . — Map (db m123244) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Quarters 2
Quarters 2 allegedly sits on the spot of British Colonel John Stanwix’s headquarters that he established in 1757. Stanwix’s camp of regular and provincial troops was the predecessor to Carlisle Barracks. During the Civil War, Confederates occupied . . . — Map (db m123388) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Quarters 3
"Capt. Pratt and his two clerks [and others] … have moved their office quarters to the new and handsome building situated where the old chapel stood,” read the 20 November 1891 issue of the Indian Helper, a Carlisle Indian Industrial . . . — Map (db m123242) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Reception Center
Following their two week furloughs, new recruits reported to their designated reception centers, which were usually located inside previously existing sprawling installations. Here America’s soldiers got their first taste of Army life and barracks . . . — Map (db m105021) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Reforger
American forces remained on a heightened state of alert during the Cold War, especially those in West Germany, should a war against the Soviets ever materialize. One way in which the U.S. Army prepared itself for such an event was through conducting . . . — Map (db m104801) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Respect
Joseph Plum Martin, age 15, enlisted for 6 months service in the 5th Connecticut Regiment on July 6, 1776 and served the Continental cause until freedom was secured. During his 7 years of service he participated in the campaigns of the mid-Atlantic . . . — Map (db m104611) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Revolutionary WarFirewood
Wood was the primary heating fuel used by Soldiers during the Revolutionary War. Soldiers received a ration of one-half of a cord of wood per room per day. Officers had better quarters than enlisted men. A Colonel, for example, would have two rooms, . . . — Map (db m104612) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Richard Henry Pratt
Richard Henry Pratt 10th United States Cavalry 1840-1924 Founder of the Carlisle Indian School and its Superintendent from 1879-1904. The Indian School was created through his vision, tenacity, and sense of purpose. Under his leadership. it . . . — Map (db m122821) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Schools housed at Carlisle Barracks during the period 1776-1976
In commemoration of the various schools housed at Carlisle Barracks during the period 1776-1976 Artillery School 1777-1783 Recruiting Depot and Basic Training for Dragoons, Artillery, and Infantry 1791-1818 Recruiting Depot USN 1828 Cavalry . . . — Map (db m119113) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Selfless Service
Buffalo Soldiers and the Charge for San Juan Hill 1 July 1898

“Rally on the flag boys!” Sgt. George Berry 10th US Cavalry Regiment San Juan Hill, Cuba, 1898 — Map (db m104564) HM

Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Sergeant (SGT) Robert Easley, Jr.
Sergeant (SGT) Robert Easley, Jr. Sergeant (SGT) Robert Easley, Jr. was severely wounded in action on October 15, 2012, while conducting operations in southern Afghanistan, as part of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF). While out on foot patrol, . . . — Map (db m123203) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Sergeant Frederick A. CounselArmy Artist — Served: 1942-1945
Frederick A. Counsel, a native of Altoona, Pennsylvania, entered the Army Air Corps in December, 1942 and became an Army artist. He served stateside and recorded many aspects of military life. He also painted murals at Bradley Field, Connecticut and . . . — Map (db m105024) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Sergeant Michael A. MiraA Company, 3rd Battalion, 187th Infantry — 101st Airborne Division, (Air Assault) “Rakkasans”
Operation Iraqi Freedom I & IV Served: 2003-2006 The September 11, 2001 attacks changed every American. For Sergeant Michael Mira it was the catalyst that influenced his decision to change his life by becoming an active defender of the United . . . — Map (db m104008) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Site of Revolutionary War Forge
Site of Revolutionary War Forge On this spot once stood a forge used by artillery artificers in the manufacturing of cannon and shot for the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War. Carlisle Barracks, then known as Washingtonburg, was a . . . — Map (db m122406) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — SmallpoxScourge of the 18th Century
Smallpox is a highly contagious disease caused by the virus Varoila major. Smallpox was a very serious threat during the Colonial era because doctors understood very little about the biology of diseases.

When and where did smallpox originate? . . . — Map (db m104606) HM

Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — SmallpoxScourge of the 18th Century
Smallpox and the Revolutionary War George Washington understood the threat of smallpox. Washington himself had survived the disease when he was 19. He knew there were two ways to control smallpox: variolate the healthy or quarantine the sick. The . . . — Map (db m104607) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — SmallpoxScourge of the 18th Century
Smallpox at Quebec In December 1775, over a thousand Continental Army Soldiers, under the command of General Benedict Arnold and General Richard Montgomery, assembled outside Quebec. The men were tired and weak from a long, cold march. Like . . . — Map (db m104608) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Sniper's Nest
Although individual marksmen had been employed during previous conflicts, World War One brought the sniper into the modern age of battle. Armed with a rifle fitted with magnifying optical scopes, snipers were used to return limited offensive . . . — Map (db m104203) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Specialist (SPC) Charles Posey III“Keep Rolling”
Charles Posey III of Magee, Mississippi, joined the Army in October 2004. Assigned to Co. C, 1/36th Infantry Regiment, 1st Armored Division, Specialist (SPC) Posey was on a Route Clearance Patrol in August, 2006, near Ramadi, Iraq. The mission was . . . — Map (db m103971) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Specialist Fourth Class Robert D. Law
Robert D. Law was born on September 15, 1944 in Fort Worth, Texas. Law joined the Army at Dallas, Texas, in 1967 at the age of 23. He served in the Tinh Phuoc Thanh province of the Republic of Vietnam as part of the Company I, 75th Infantry, 1st . . . — Map (db m104962) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Splinter Proof
Additional limited protection for troops called Splinter proofs or Shrapnel proofs were constructed at intervals along the trenches to afford immediate protection from bombardments. These features were also used for housing supplies such as flares, . . . — Map (db m104264) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Staff Sergeant Fred A. RellaArmy Air Forces Photographer — Served: 1941-1945
Staff Sergeant Fred A. Rella was a combat cameraman from 1941-1945. He was one of thousands of Young Men drafted into the Army prior to America’s entry into World War II. The Bronx, New York resident was a professional photographer who had studied . . . — Map (db m103941) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Stations Upon the Road
After the defeat of General Edward Braddock at the Battle of Monogahela in July of 1755, (the battle that launched the French and Indian War in North America,) (sic) French and Native American forces unleashed a series of raids on the Pennsylvania . . . — Map (db m104961) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Team Spirit
The Cold War saw military clashes and standoffs throughout the world, including Asia. The first conflict involving the United States Army fought on the Asian continent was the Korean War (1950-1953). Although a treaty was signed in 1953 which ended . . . — Map (db m104800) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Technical HistoryWhat is a redoubt?
A redoubt is a small temporary fortification of entrenched earth and wood. These battlefield strong points were designed to provide cover for defending infantry and artillery as well as slow down an attacking force. Several construction elements . . . — Map (db m104610) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — The "Duster"Twin 40mm, Full Tracked, Self-Propelled Gun M42
The M42, a redesign of the earlier M19, entered service in 1953. Developed to provide low-altitude air defense for armored and mechanical units, the m-42’s anti-aircraft armament was of limited value against modern high-speed jets. As a result, it . . . — Map (db m104742) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — The Army Introduces a Heavyweight:The 3-Inch Antitank Gun M5/M6
Responding to the battlefield realities encountered in the North African campaign against German armor, the United States Army Ordinance Department began to develop a heavier anti-tank gun to replace the diminutive 37mm M3A1 then serving on the . . . — Map (db m123140) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — The Army’s New 50-Ton KillerM60 to M60A3 Patton Main Battle Tank (MBT)
The M60 “Patton” medium MBT was an effective redevelopment of the M48 medium tank, designed to counter the larger armament of the Soviet Union’s T-54 and forthcoming T-62 tanks. Introduced in 1960, the M60 featured a larger 105mm main . . . — Map (db m104799) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — The Army's Work HorseThe M4 Series Sherman Tank
The Sherman tank received a brutal initiation to warfare when the U.S. Army first took it into combat on December 6, 1942 against the Germans in the North African country of Tunisia. They quickly found that the Germans’ guns and larger tanks easily . . . — Map (db m105019) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — The Battle of the Ia Drang Valley
The 1st Cavalry Division (Air Mobile) arrived in Vietnam in September 1965. Their mission was to defeat the enemy by pioneering a new concept of warfare that used helicopters to fly over enemy positions or rough terrain and insert troops directly . . . — Map (db m104445) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — The Capture of Redoubt #10Yorktown, Virginia — October 14, 1781
The dream of American Independence remained uncertain after five years of war. During the fall of 1781, a Franco-American force under the command of General George Washington besieged General Lord Cornwallis’ heavily entrenched British Army at . . . — Map (db m104609) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — The Carlisle ForgeThe Forge at Washingtonburg
This building is a representation of the forge that stood at Washingtonburg, site of present day Carlisle Barracks, during the American Revolution. Our working forge features a replica of a bellows that is purported to be the original bellows of the . . . — Map (db m104887) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — The First School of the American Army
The First School of the American Army Resolved in Congress 4 February 1778 “That Capt. Issac Corren receive monthly, 25 dollars additional pay, besides his present appointments, in consideration of his teaching the laboratory art to . . . — Map (db m118968) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — The Front
The muddy roads, camouflaged trails and the maze of communication trenches ultimately brought Soldiers to the front line trench. These positions as laid out in the manuals were supposed to be dug deep with reinforced walls, a firing step, sand . . . — Map (db m104267) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — The Ia Drang BattlefieldAnt Hills and Creek Beds
The Ia Drang battlefield was dotted with large dirt art hills of varying sizes. They were generally very hard, baked earth and were home to ants and termites. These features made good defensive positions and LTC Moore used one as the site of his . . . — Map (db m104333) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — The Mortar Pit
The American Expeditionary Forces (A.E.F.) was introduced to modern mortars in the trenches of France during World War One. The A.E.F. adopted the British Newton-Stokes design in 3-, 4- and 6-inch calibers as well as the French 240 millimeter heavy . . . — Map (db m104200) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — The Trenches
The machine gun and mass artillery of World War One combat dictated an extensive development on both side of below ground fortifications that were simply known as the ‘Trenches”. Ranging from concrete structures to simple ditches, these . . . — Map (db m104047) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — They Called Them “Hellcats”The M18 Tank Destroyer
Officially known as the M18 76mm Gun Motor Carriage, the M18 was hardly comparable to the horse and buggy. It was actually the jaguar of heavy armor during World War II. Nicknamed the “Hellcat” by the men who served in them, the M18 . . . — Map (db m104046) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Thorpe Hall
Thorpe Hall, built in 1887 with funds contributed by Carlisle Indian Industrial School students, served as a gymnasium for the Indian School. Sports flourished at the school, producing top athletes such as Lewis Tewanima, a star long distance . . . — Map (db m119685) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Time On Target
Time on Target After World War II, the Army learned that an artillery barrage produces the most casualties in the first few seconds before the enemy could seek cover. In response, the Army learned to time fire from multiple sources to arrive on a . . . — Map (db m123245)
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — To Commemorate the First Home of the "Mobile Arm"
In 1838 the Cavalry School of Practice was opened at Carlisle barracks by Captain E.V. Sumner of the 1st Dragoons. By 1846 when the Mexican War began, the majority of the troopers of the mounted forces of the United States Army bore the Carlisle . . . — Map (db m120199) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Traditions Field
Since the earliest days of the military, the numbers of Soldiers required dictated the need for an open area for unit formations, training, close order drill, practice, ceremonial events and interaction. As time passed, the Parade Field became an . . . — Map (db m104825) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Training Center
After the reception centers up to 14,000 soldiers a day reported to one of 242 training centers located throughout the country for roughly eight weeks of basic training. The training consisted of three general phases: turning civilians into . . . — Map (db m104885) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — U S Army War College Alumni Memorial
This memorial was placed on the foundation of the old Carlisle Barracks post chapel converted to a memorial garden — Map (db m119016) WM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Upton Hall
Upton Hall Upton Hall has changed its identity in more ways than one. Constructed in 1941 and named for Colonel John Van Rensselaer Hoff, who had a career in military medical training, Hoff Hall served as an academic building for the Medical Field . . . — Map (db m122651) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Vietnam Fire Support Base
Artillery has always played a role in fighting our nation’s conflicts. American artillery could accurately engage targets many miles away. Through the use of spotters, radio communications and detailed maps, artillery fire could be quickly requested . . . — Map (db m104328) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Washington Hall
Washington Hall Named in honor of General George Washington who participated in two expeditions launched from Carlisle Barracks against the French and Indians in the colonial period. Erected in 1884 as the Indian School hospital. Served as a . . . — Map (db m122251) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Welcome to the World War I Trench System Exhibit
The machine gun and mass artillery of World War One combat dictated an extensive development of both side of below ground fortifications that were simply known as the ‘Trenches”. Ranging from concrete structures to simple ditches, these . . . — Map (db m123202) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Wheelock Bandstand
Wheelock Bandstand Completed in 1980 at the site of the original 1867 bandstand of the cavalry depot and later the Carlisle Indian School. Named in honor of Dennis Wheelock, who graduated from the Indian School in 1890, and was the school’s first . . . — Map (db m119168) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — World War II Core Area
The massive Army buildup at the beginning of World War II brought together millions of American civilians from all walks of life. After induction, new recruits were assigned to a unit, usually a company in a regiment, and issued uniforms and . . . — Map (db m105020) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle Springs — The Farthest North
The farthest north attained by any organized body of the Confederate Army of General Robert E. Lee was reached here at the farm of Joseph Miller on the morning of June 28 1863. Hearing that Sterrett's Gap was occupied by Union troops these . . . — Map (db m42146) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Lemoyne — Lemoyne - Bridgeport Heights
As Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s Confederate Second Corps advanced on Harrisburg in June 1863, Union Maj. Gen. Darius N. Couch, charged with the defense of the city, recognized the need for a series of defensive fortifications to be constructed on . . . — Map (db m94521) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Mt. Holly Springs — First Casualty In Cumberland County
Cumberland County resident Charles G. Beetam, a Civil War tragedy: "On April 23, 1861, my brother, William Luther Beetam, at the age of 20, was the first Carlisle man to give his life in [the] war on a tour of duty." At one o’clock in the . . . — Map (db m75436) HM
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — HarrisburgCapital Of The Keystone State Preserved!
Harrisburg was one of the prizes Robert E. Lee’s army was after. Home to Camp Curtin, the largest Northern training camp of the war, Harrisburg’s network of railroads was vital for moving troops and supplies for the Union war effort. The capital of . . . — Map (db m102317) HM
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — Market Square During The Civil War
By the 1860s, many railroad lines met in Harrisburg. Agricultural products, industrial raw materials, and factory-finished goods moved through Harrisburg on the way to every part of the nation. Throughout the Civil War, the Union army depended on . . . — Map (db m102324) HM
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — Old Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Station
On the site of the present Market Street Post Office Building stood until the early 1960’s the old Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Station, Harrisburg’s second passenger terminal that exemplified the City’s prominence and traditional role as . . . — Map (db m102271) HM
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — Old Salem Church
The church which stands at S. Third and Chestnut Streets is the oldest standing church building in Harrisburg, erected in 1822. It however represents the second building on this lot granted by John Harris, Jr. for religious purposed when the Borough . . . — Map (db m102334) HM
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — Prelude To Gettysburg
One of the great debates of our Country's history and legacy is what scholars call "the two Civil Wars": the first a matter of campaigns, generals, and troop movements and the second focusing on the ways that the great conflict affected the daily . . . — Map (db m102319) HM
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — The Ladies Of Harrisburg During The Civil War
From virtually the first shots of the Civil War, the women of Harrisburg worked in a variety of behind-the-scenes roles that proved essential to the Union victory. When Camp Curtin opened on April 18, 1861, the ladies of Harrisburg were already at . . . — Map (db m102269) HM
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — Thomas Morris Chester
Thomas Morris Chester was born at the corner of Third and Market Streets in Harrisburg in 1834. One of Harrisburg’s most famous nineteenth century African-Americans, he was particularly known for his leadership in education, journalism, military . . . — Map (db m102315) HM
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — Threatened Invasion of Harrisburg
General Robert E. Lee decided to take the war into the North in June 1863, allowing Southern farmers an uninterrupted growing season, and perhaps convincing European powers to aid the Confederacy. As the rebels invaded Pennsylvania, Harrisburg made . . . — Map (db m102338) HM
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Hershey — The M.S. Hershey Rose
In 1940, the American Rose Society honored Milton Hershey by naming a rose after him. Over the years, the number of these rose bushes has steadily declined to only a few remaining at the Gardens. This year, to commemorate Hershey Gardens’ 75th . . . — Map (db m106344) HM
Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Farmington — Fort NecessityNational Battlefield Site — French and Indian War
On this “charming field for an encounter” George Washington built Fort Necessity in May-June 1754 as defense against an approaching French force. The battle fought here July 3 brought on the French and Indian War for control of the . . . — Map (db m105634) WM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Fayetteville — Basic Ingredients
Before the age of railroads, the basic ingredients of iron production needed to be nearby. That explains why furnaces were built in rural settings surrounded by the necessary raw materials. A source of iron ore was essential. As the furnaces . . . — Map (db m105071) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Fayetteville — Making Iron
The ironmaking process was well-known and cold-blast furnaces built in 18th and 19th century America mimicked designs first used 400 years earlier. A thick stone furnace, shaped like a flat-topped pyramid served as the place of transformation, where . . . — Map (db m105072) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Fayetteville — The Workers Pyramid
It took hundreds of workers to produce iron, although only a few actually worked at the furnace. Fillers dumped carts or ore, charcoal and limestone into the seething tunnel head. The founder, assisted by a keeper, ordered ingredients, determined . . . — Map (db m105073) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Monterey — Brown's Spring
During Lee's retreat General Judson Kilpatrick U.S.A. took 1500 prisoners and 9 mi. wagon train near here — Map (db m89956) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Monterey — The Battle of Monterey PassThe Battle Begins
At this location, Confederate Captain Robert Tanner deployed one Napoleon cannon to guard the eastern Summit of South Mountain. At 9:00 p.m., the 5th Michigan Cavalry, leading the advance of union General Judson Kilpatrick’s Cavalry Division, . . . — Map (db m103452) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Monterey — The Battle of Monterey PassKilpatrick Divides His Cavalry
As a squadron of the 18th Pennsylvania Cavalry went into the woods, portions of the 1st and 5th Michigan cavalry began their advance. The 5th Michigan Cavalry was sent toward the right and a portion of the 1st Michigan Cavalry was ordered to . . . — Map (db m103453) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Monterey — The Battle of Monterey PassThe Wolverines Fight
Union General George A. Custer’s cavalry brigade advanced here, along the banks of red run, deploying along both sides of the road. The 5th Michigan Cavalry deployed to the right, while the 7th, 6th and portions of the 1st Michigan Cavalry deployed . . . — Map (db m103483) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Monterey — The Battle of Monterey PassThe Initial Breakthrough
General Kilpatrick, quartered at the Monterey Inn, ordered artillery to support Custer’s troopers. Near the present-day golf course, Captain Alexander Pennington deployed two rifled cannon and began to shell the Confederate battle line with case . . . — Map (db m104828) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Monterey — The Battle of Monterey PassA Wild and Desolate Scene
The 1st West Virginia Cavalry arrived and were ordered to charge the Confederate cannon on this side of the bridge. Seeing the West Virginians in their front, Confederate Captain William Tanner ordered the cannon to fire its last two shots before . . . — Map (db m104829) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Monterey — The Battle of Monterey PassConfederate Reinforcements Arrive
The Confederate defenders of Captain George Emack’s company of the First Maryland Cavalry, supported by Captain Tanner’s artillery detachment, were deployed in this area. As the battle continued past midnight, reinforcements began to arrive. The 4th . . . — Map (db m104830) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Monterey — The Retreat From GettysburgLongstreet's Corps
On July 5, Confederate General James Longstreet’s Corps marched from Fairfield, along the Jack’s Mountain Road to Fountaindale. From there, Longstreet’s Corps marched to Monterey Pass, along the Emmitsburg and Waynesboro Turnpike. General John B. . . . — Map (db m104831) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Rouzerville — Dr. Henry HarbaughBirthplace and Early Home
Birthplace and early home of Dr. Henry Harbaugh, Pennsylvanian German author, theologian and educator, 1817-1867.

One hundred yards southeast is site of the old school house at the creek.

"Today it is just twenty years since I began to . . . — Map (db m96158) HM

Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Waynesboro — Cupola – Waynesboro’s Crown Jewel
She inspired, she endured for 52 years, she symbolized the future of education in the Waynesboro area. Waynesboro High School 1937-1954 Waynesboro Area Senior High School 1954-1962 East Junior High School 1962-1989 Superintendent – . . . — Map (db m103546) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — George Dewey, Admiral of the Navy, U.S.N.Henry T. Mayo, Vice Admiral, U.S.N
George Dewey, Admiral of the Navy, U.S.N. 1837-1917 Born in Montpelier, Vermont, George Dewey graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1858. Following service in the Civil War, he held several high-ranking administrative positions in the . . . — Map (db m115266) HM WM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Honor and Tradition
Honor and Tradition Name Comm Decomm USS Vermont (BB 20) 1907 1920 USS Plattsburg (SP 1645) 1918 1919 USS Converse (DD 291) 1920 1930 USS Dewey (DD 349) 1934 1945 USS Clark (DD 361) 1936 1945 USS Mayo (DD 422) 1940 1946 . . . — Map (db m115267) HM WM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — Lake Champlain Navy Memorial
Honoring Robert T. Stafford Vermont Governor-Congressman-United States Senator Captain United States Navy First Commanding Officer- Naval Reserve Center, Burlington Established in 1946, the Naval Reserve Center occupied this site in . . . — Map (db m115269) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — The Battle of Plattsburgh Bay11 September 1812
The Battle of Plattsburgh Bay 11 September 1812 During the War of 1812, the British again attempted to use Lake Champlain as an invasion route into the United States. Both American and British naval commands constructed large vessels in an . . . — Map (db m116682) HM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — The Battle of Valcour Island11-13 October 1776
The Battle of Valcour Island 11-13 October 1776 In the fall of 1776 a British Naval force left Canada and embarked onto Lake Champlain in an effort to divide and conquer the rebelling thirteen colonies. Positioned off Valcour Island was a . . . — Map (db m115264) WM
Vermont (Chittenden County), Burlington — The Lone Sailor
The Lone Sailor

The original bronze sculpture stands at the center of the United States Navy Memorial in Washington DC. In honor of the historical naval actions on Lake Champlain, the Navy Memorial Foundation approved placing The Lone Sailor . . . — Map (db m115263) WM


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