“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

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3833 markers matched your search criteria. The first 200 markers are listed. Next 3633
Banff Springs Hotel image, Touch for more information
By Don Morfe, June 17, 1997
Banff Springs Hotel
Belgium, Luxembourg, Bastogne, Wallonie — Sherman Tank Memorial
English version: This tank knocked out in December 44, recalls the sacrifice of all the fighters for the liberation of Bastogne and Belgium. — Map (db m92200) WM
Belgium, Wallone, Bastogne — Memorial du MardassonThe Battle of the Bulge — An account written on the walls of the monument.
This Memorial and the Earth surrounding are dedicated to the enduring friendship of the peoples of Belgium and the United States who forged a bond from their common struggle to defeat the enemy of all free peoples. For the armies of the United . . . — Map (db m92202) WM
Alberta, Banff — Banff Springs HotelL'Hôtel Banff Springs
This hotel is among the largest and most renowned of the fashionable resort hotels established along railway and steamship routes in Canada during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Constructed by the Canadian Pacific Railway Company in stages . . . — Map (db m100084) HM
Alberta, Lake Louise — Lake Louise-Welcome
Imagine arriving here in the 1880s…the smell of pine forest, the sound of avalanches from the mountains above, and the wonder of vast unexplored country ahead. Today, the ice-capped peaks, hidden valleys and turquoise lakes are as spectacular as . . . — Map (db m100116) HM
Alberta, Lethbridge — Nikka Yuko Centennial Garden
Opened July 14th 1967 by their Imperial Highnesses’ Prince Takamatsu and Princess Takamatsu of Japan — Map (db m100085) HM
France, Hauts-de-France (Aisne), Belleau — Aisne-Marne Cemetery Memorial Chapel Monument
This monument has been erected by the United States of America to commemorate the services of her troops and those of France who fought in this region during the World War. It stands as a lasting symbol of the friendship and cooperation between . . . — Map (db m106030) WM
Germany, Berlin — "Berliner Mauer"1961-1989
English: Length 43.1 km East-Berlin/West Berlin, 119 km GDR/ West-Berlin Height 3.60 m.

On the 13th of August, 1961 the SED leadership ordered the closure of the border to the sectors of West Berlin. For 28 years this border divided . . . — Map (db m94130) WM

Germany, Berlin — Baudenkmal Berliner MauerThe Berlin Wall as a Historical Monument
(English text) In July 1990, East German border guards began systematically demolishing the Berlin Wall. The great majority of Berliners were glad to see this much-hated structure disappear from the centre of the city.

Only the initiative of . . . — Map (db m94149) HM WM

Germany, Berlin — Berlin Airlift
Dedicated to the people of Berlin who endured the pain of war, gained hope through the Air-Lift, and experienced the rise and fall of the Berlin wall, culminating in their new found freedom with reunification of East/West Berlin.

And to the . . . — Map (db m94191) HM WM

Germany, Berlin — Glienicker BruckeBerliner Gedenktafel
English translation: The Glienicker Bridge was built between 1904 and 1907 and was destroyed in World War II and reopened in 1949 as Union Bridge. For decades the leaders of East Germany who chose this name fought against unification of . . . — Map (db m94132) WM
Germany, Berlin — Passenger Car of the French Military Train
From 1945 on the Western Powers activated military trains for the link between Berlin and the West Zones. The French, with the route Berlin-Straßburg, possessed the only direct connection to the homeland for which three times a week a military train . . . — Map (db m94196) WM
Germany, Berlin — Remains of the Berlin Wall
(English text) The Berlin Wall was a worldwide symbol for the division of Germany after World War II and for the injustice and inhumanity of the communist system.

Construction began on August 13, 1961, on the orders of the GDR leadership. It . . . — Map (db m94136) HM WM

Germany, Berlin — Topography of Terror
The grounds of the “Topography of Terror” were made accessible to the public in 1987 on the occasion of the 750th anniversary of the city Berlin. The excavated remains of buildings, the post-war relics and the exhibition . . . — Map (db m94139) WM
Germany, Brandenburg, Potsdam — Cecilienhof PalacePotsdam Conference 1945
(English text) Cecilienhof Palace, built in the style of an English country house from 1913 to 1917, was the last building of the Hohenzollern family. The grounds, designed by Paul Schultze-Naumburg, served as residence of the family of Crown . . . — Map (db m94150) HM WM
Germany, Brandenburg, Potsdam — Neuer Garten (New Garden)
(English text) Please Support the Preservation.

After 1787, Frederick William II had a sentimental landscape garden with numerous buildings and park architecture laid out under the direction of Johann August Eyserbeck, a gardener from Worlitz. . . . — Map (db m94183) HM WM

Germany, Rheinland-Pfalz, Ramagen — Peace Museum Bridge at RemagenLudendorff Bridge
When an advance detachment of the US 9th Armored Division reached the Rhine at Remagen on March 7th, 1945, the Americans found the Bridge undestroyed. “Cross the Rhine with dry feet…” was what they proudly wrote on the Bridge in large . . . — Map (db m92243) WM
Germany, Sachsen, Torgau — Defeat and Liberation-The Meeting on the ElbeThe Russian Monument
On April 25, 1945, US Soldiers of the 273rd Regiment, 69th Infantry Division and Soviet troops of the 173rd Regiment, 58th Rifle Division clambered toward each other over the ruins of the Elbe Bridge, destroyed the same morning by the retreating . . . — Map (db m92255) WM
Luxembourg, Luxembourg, Luxembourg City — Luxembourg American Cemetery and Memorial1941—1945
In proud remembrance of the achievements of her sons and in humble tribute to their sacrifices this memorial has been erected by the United States of America. — Map (db m92183) WM
Luxembourg, Luxembourg, Luxembourg City — Military Operations in Western Europe6 June 1944—8 May 1945
On 6 June 1944, preceded by airborne units and covered by naval and air bombardment, United States and British Commonwealth forces landed on the coast of Normandy. Pushing southward they established a beachhead some 20 miles in depth. On 25 July, in . . . — Map (db m92185) WM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — The Citadel(1821-1865)
The Citadel, a large ten sided brick and wood structure, once dominated the Fort’s parade ground. Capable of housing 400 soldiers, it served as a defensive barracks for the Fort’s garrison. During the Union bombardment of Fort Morgan on August . . . — Map (db m92994) HM
Alaska (Anchorage Borough), Anchorage — Ancient Traditions of the Athabascan People
Athabascans were highly nomadic, traveling in small groups to fish, hunt, and trap. Athabascan territory, the largest area of all the Alaska Native peoples, was home to 11 different linguistic groups who lived along five major riverways: the . . . — Map (db m72795) HM
Alaska (Anchorage Borough), Anchorage — Athabascan Family Lodges and Cabins
“Our people had log houses without nails and we all lived the same. We lived subsistence way of life, and love it that way. We have our fish houses, drying racks and all that.” Alberta Stephan, Eklutna. . . . — Map (db m72796) HM
Alaska (Anchorage Borough), Anchorage — Atlantic Salmon-A Threat to the Chugach National Forest?
Commercial farming of Atlantic salmon using ocean net pens is important to the economy in several areas of the Pacific Northwest, especially along the coast of British Columbia. However, net pen fish farming has been banned in Alaska since 1990 . . . — Map (db m70735) HM
Alaska (Anchorage Borough), Anchorage — Coho Salmon Life Cycle
1 to 4 years in fresh water Most coho migrate to sea after one or two years in fresh water. Sept 1-Nov 15 The adult cohos are the last of the Pacific salmon to arrive in the river to spawn. Nov 15-April 1 The eggs incubate over the winter. . . . — Map (db m70734) HM
Alaska (Anchorage Borough), Anchorage — Mobile Architecture
Athabascans were masters at designing a variety of shelters--simple and functional--that kept them both warm and mobile as they set out to hunt and trade. Emergency shelters were constructed in minutes. A wandering hunter could pile up . . . — Map (db m72792) HM
Alaska (Anchorage Borough), Anchorage — Raven the CreatorCreated by John Hoover in 1998
Raven is the Creator in many Alaska Native and American Indian legends. Elements from my different legends are incorporated into this sculpture including "Raven Stealing the Stars, Sun, and Moon." The human figures in the claws symbolize icons used . . . — Map (db m72793) HM
Alaska (Anchorage Borough), Fort Richardson — Fort Richardson National Cemetery-Gate
This gate is dedicated to men of the Armed Forces of the United States who died while serving their country in war and in peace.---In Memory of Kermit Roosevelt. Born 1859-Died 1943-Who fought in the British and American Armies during World Wars I . . . — Map (db m72794) WM
Alaska (Anchorage Borough), Girdwood — 1964 Earthquake
This cabin was part of the original Portage town site. The small coastal towns of Girdwood and Portage located on Turnagain Arm were destroyed in the 1964 earthquake. Girdwood was later relocated a few miles inland, while Portage, which subsided . . . — Map (db m70719) HM
Alaska (Anchorage Borough), Girdwood — A Prickly WorldAlaska Wildlife Conservation Center
Some Points about Quills: *Porcupines have approximately 30,000 quills which cover every part of the body except the underside, face and ears. *Quills are modified hairs that are barbed, lightweight, and filled with spongy substance. . . . — Map (db m70718) HM
Alaska (Anchorage Borough), Girdwood — Brown Bears of AWCCAlaska Wildlife Conservation Center
Good Clean Livin The largest bear enclosure in the United States is found here at the Alaska Wildlife Conservation Center. Solar electricity powers the electric fence that encloses 18 acres of land, and water is pumped into the pond by the . . . — Map (db m70721) HM
Alaska (Anchorage Borough), Girdwood — Moose CalvesAlaska Wildlife Conservation Center
Calves are born mid-May to early June. Cows give birth to twins 15 to 75 percent of the time and triplets occur about once in every 1,000 births. Calves stand within minutes and begin eating vegetation a few days after birth. Calves stay . . . — Map (db m70720) HM
Alaska (Anchorage Borough), Girdwood — Our Living National SymbolAlaska Wildlife Conservation Center
Top Predators Eagles will prey on any animal they are capable of overtaking including ducks, gulls, porcupines, foxes and rabbits. The primary tool used to catch and kill prey are its feet. Equipped with needle sharp talons and powerful . . . — Map (db m70722) HM
Colorado (Alamosa County), Mosca — "Totally Unique and Unexpected"Park Visitor
Welcome to the high elevation desert that is Great Sand Dunes! Does this landscape strike you as amazing, bizarre or totally out of place. If so, you’re not alone. For many, the unexpected combination of massive dunes surrounded by alpine peaks and . . . — Map (db m71050) HM
Colorado (Alamosa County), Mosca — A Landmark for People
“We can see the Dunes and the Crestone Needles from all over our ranch. When we are lost, that’s what we navigate by.” --local rancher Whether traveling on foot, by horseback, Model A, or the . . . — Map (db m71051) HM
Colorado (Alamosa County), Mosca — DimensionsGreat Sand Dunes National Monument
The scale of the Great Sand Dunes can be difficult to judge. The dunes you see from here are only the front lines of a sea of dunes that covers many square miles.

How far do the dunes extend into the distance? The dunes are 8 miles (13km) . . . — Map (db m104717) HM

Colorado (Alamosa County), Mosca — Sangre de Cristo EcosystemGreat Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve
Different Life Zones Exist in the Mountains Imagine climbing the mountain in front of you. You might notice it gets cooler as you ascend. As the temperature drops, moisture in the air condenses, precipitation increases, and creates different . . . — Map (db m71056) HM
Colorado (Alamosa County), Mosca — Stepping into WildernessGreat Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve
You are about to step into the Great Sand Dunes Wilderness. Its mood changes with the seasons, from the spacious solitude of winter, to spring and summer fun and play. Whatever the season of your visit, this unexpected wilderness offers . . . — Map (db m71057) HM
Colorado (Alamosa County), Mosca — The Mountain Barrier
Mountains and passes were important in the formation of the sand dunes. You are looking at the Sangre de Cristo Mountains. Prevailing southwesterly winds carrying sand across the San Luis Valley were blocked by the mountains. As the . . . — Map (db m71055) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Idaho State PenitentiaryFounded 1868
New addition built 1893 Prison Commissioners William J. McConnell, Gov. Jas. F. Curtis, Sec. of State Geo.M. Parsons, Atty. Gen. Jas. King, Arch’t. — Map (db m63000) HM
Iowa (Allamakee County), Harper Ferry — The Mystery of the MoundsEffigy Mounds National Monument — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
In 1766, English and French Canadian traders wintered near this site. They must have puzzled over these strange earthen shapes-or others even nearer their cabin. The traders could not have known that the humble grave markers were vestiges of a . . . — Map (db m61987) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Western Maryland Railway Station
Opened July 1913 National Register of Historic Places Listed June 1973 Presented by Preservation Society of Allegany County September 1987 — Map (db m60547) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — Evolutions of Strawberry HillUnited States Naval Academy — National Historic Landmark
Historical records of colonial Annapolis show that Richard Spriggs, an important 18th Century Annapolitan, had a house built on Strawberry Hill in 1780. By 1796 Spriggs had leased the house to Henri Stier, an investment banker from Antwerp, and his . . . — Map (db m60913) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — Henry Hays Lockwood1814-1899
Cadet West Point 1832-6; Lieutenant U.S. Army 1836-7; Professor of Mathematics U.S.N. 1841—99. Brigadier General U.S.V. 1861-5; Naval Academy 1845-61 and 1866-71.

One of the founders of the Naval Academy, his life’s best years were . . . — Map (db m108106) HM

Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — Husband Edward KimmelU.S. Naval Academy Cemetery
Admiral, United States Navy February 26, 1882-May 14, 1968. Commander-in-Chief, United States Fleet when Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. — Map (db m92708) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — Jeannette Arctic Exploring Expedition
Commemorative of the heroic officers and men of the United States Navy who perished in the Jeannette Arctic Exploring Expedition. 1881 — Map (db m61065) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — Old Fashioned Anchors
These anchors known as “Old Fashioned” anchors were made for our Navy’s first armored cruiser “New York” the flagship of Rear Admiral William T. Sampson during the Spanish-American War and weigh approximately 10,500 lbs. — Map (db m97273) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — Our Abundant Chesapeake
The Chesapeake Bay is one of the largest and one of the most productive estuaries in the world. Fresh water, supplied by over 150 rivers and streams, and salt water from the Atlantic Ocean combine to create the unique conditions and essential . . . — Map (db m94345) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — Oyster Reef
The Chesapeake Bay’s native Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea virginica) is the keystone species and building block for habitat in the Bay (shown in picture below). The survival rate and diversity of other Bay organisms are directly connected to the . . . — Map (db m79935) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — Prisoner of War Memorial
In Honor of American Prisoners of War and their Sacrifice and Service to our Nation — Map (db m106795) WM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — Standing GuardStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Fort Severn and Fort Madison on this stretch of the Severn River, along with a gun battery at Horn Point in Eastport, made Annapolis the best-fortified city in Maryland at the start of the War of 1812.

British ships hovered near the harbor . . . — Map (db m79920) HM

Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — Tense TimeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Enemy ships lying off Sandy Point kept Annapolis on edge in August 1813, as the city braced for attack. It was a trying time for the British, too. A newspaper reported August 14: “Seven deserters came on shore at Sandy Point.” It was . . . — Map (db m79916) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — The City SparedStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
British vessels anchored offshore several times in 1813 and 1814, giving Annapolis good reason to expect an attack. Lookouts watched enemy maneuvers from the statehouse dome. Public records were removed from the city for safekeeping. When British . . . — Map (db m79936) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — Thomas PointPart Of The Bay Heritage
(Left side of the marker) Much of the early history of Thomas Point still lies buried under sand and water at its ever-eroding shoreline. Evidence does exist, however, that Native Americans enjoyed the bounty of the Bay’s seafood sometime between . . . — Map (db m94344) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Eastport — Arnold C. GayVisionaries of the 1960s — February 14, 1919-January 26, 1994
A New England native, sailor Arnie Gay steered into the Annapolis harbor on the wooden schooner Delilah in the late 1940s with $7.00 in his pocket and an enthusiasm to bring a sailing empire to the City’s neglected and abandoned waterfront. He . . . — Map (db m114878) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Edgewater — Indians of the ChesapeakeLayer of Time
Have you wondered how we know so much about past cultures? Have you ever thought about future generation studying the present? What would they find?

Since no books or photographs were left behind by earlier civilizations to tell us how they . . . — Map (db m80878) HM

Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Edgewater — Java History Trail
Native American Exhibit 250 yards, a 5 minute walk Java Plantation Exhibit .5 mile, a 25 minute walk Java Dairy Exhibits .75 mile, a 55 minute walk Java’ Return to Nature Exhibits 1 mile, a 70 minute walk

Indians of the Chesapeake . . . — Map (db m80874) HM

Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Edgewater — Java Plantation LifeContee's Wharf: A Vital Link
Since the 1700s there has been a road leading to Contee's Wharf. Deep water and the protection provided by Big Island made it a natural port. The river has served as a vital link between area residents and the outside world.

The wharf was the . . . — Map (db m80858) HM

Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Edgewater — Java Plantation LifeHoe to Plow
The increase in tobacco production was closely linked with the economic growth of America. Tobacco was so popular that it was used as money. Maryland had a suitable climate for its production, so the area thrived. The Java Plantation, like other . . . — Map (db m80859) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Edgewater — Java Plantation LifeLife on the Quarter
While the plantation owner’s house was situated on a hill, African American slaves had to live in less desirable surroundings. Slave quarters were built in low, marshy area near the water. Mosquitoes and damp living conditions were a constant . . . — Map (db m80868) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Edgewater — Java Plantation LifeThe Songs of Sorrow
By 1840 there were 84 African American slaves on the Java Plantation, a large number for the area. Almost half were children. On a typical day the slaves would rise before dawn, prepare and eat breakfast, feed the livestock, and be in the fields by . . . — Map (db m80870) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Edgewater — Java Plantation LifeOld Fields to New Plantations
The needs of the English settlers were similar to those of the Piscataways. As farmers they wanted good soil, so they often settled near “old fields,” areas once used by Native Americans. Look across the field to the ruins of the Java . . . — Map (db m80873) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Edgewater — Prized PropertyStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
A victory off the coast of Brazil inspired John Contee to name this property “Java’s Farm.” Contee was a lieutenant on the USS Constitution when it captured and burned the British frigate HMS Java, December 29, 1812.

Contee . . . — Map (db m80857) HM

Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Lothian — Bitter EndStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Joshua Barney’s Chesapeake Flotilla was trapped in the shallows just upriver from here. With orders to keep his boats out of enemy hands, Barney reluctantly ordered his men to destroy the flotilla when the British approached. They laid trains of . . . — Map (db m79987) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Tracys Landing — Birds of Prey
Birds of prey, or raptors, are specially suited to their lives as hunters. Their strong legs and powerful grasping feet with sharp talons help them catch and kill prey. Hooked bills help tear the meat. Hawks, falcons, eagles and owls are an . . . — Map (db m79984) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Tracys Landing — Chesapeake Bay Wetlands
The marshlands you see around you play an integral part in keeping the Bay healthy. Besides acting as a nursery for fish, crabs, and other wildlife, marshes act as filters and sediment traps to protect the Bay's water quality. They also act as giant . . . — Map (db m79983) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Tracys Landing — OutnumberedStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
When 250-300 British troops crossed from Tilghman Island to Town Point on October 27, 1814, they easily overcame five local militiamen manning a nine-pound cannon. They burned three buildings, and a windmill.

Moving up Herring Creek, they . . . — Map (db m79956) WM

Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Tracys Landing — The Town of Herrington: Unearthing the Origins of South County
During 2001-2004, Anne Arundel County’s Lost Towns Project conducted excavations in the neighboring community of Leitch in search of the lost town of Herrington (c. 1660), one of Maryland’s earliest legislated port towns. Established by the Maryland . . . — Map (db m79981) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Tracys Landing — Wildlife You May See
Watching wildlife can be a lot of fun. Many wildlife creatures are elusive and wary so you will need to move slowly and quietly. Early morning and late afternoons are usually the best times to see wildlife. A pair of binoculars is helpful.

Even . . . — Map (db m79982) HM

Maryland, Baltimore — “Baltimore must be tamed…”Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Baltimore’s importance as the commercial heart of the Chesapeake region wasn’t the only reason the British wanted to capture the city in 1814. They also wanted to stifle Fell’s Point---the home port for many of the privateers that preyed on British . . . — Map (db m79711) WM
Maryland, Baltimore — 1023 East Baltimore Street
Ship owner Isaac McKim built a house here in 1808. St. Vincent de Paul Roman Catholic Church bought the property in 1879 and built a large social hall beside the house, naming the complex Carroll Hall. Parish societies used the hall, but high rental . . . — Map (db m102326) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — 29th Division AssociationCenter Haute Meuse 1917-Sector Alsace Argonne 1919
Charles Hazeltine Hammann Ens Air Service U.S. Navy March 16, 1892-June 14, 1919

Henry Gilbert Costin Pvt. Co. H, 115TH Inf., 29th Div June 15, 1898-October 8, 1918.

Ensign Hammann rescued a fellow pilot by landing his seaplane on . . . — Map (db m101516) WM

Maryland, Baltimore — 732 South Ann Street
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior. — Map (db m103974) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — 800-810 Cathedral Street Row Houses
This structure has been recorded by the Historic American Buildings Survey of the United States Department of the Interior for its archives at the Library of Congress. — Map (db m101625) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — A History of Firsts in BaltimoreThe Baltimore Museum of Industry
From its founding in 1729, Baltimore’s proximity to the Chesapeake Bay was the engine that drove commerce, trade and industry. The most inland port on the eastern seaboard, Baltimore boomed as a leading city, center of industrial innovation and . . . — Map (db m102969) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — A Neighborhood Goes to MarketLexington Market
Between 1820 and 1945, Baltimore grew from a small port city to a commercial and industrial center of both regional and national importance. Anchored by Lexington Marker this neighborhood still reflects that period of growth. During the 19th and . . . — Map (db m103244) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Acquiring Fame: Mount Vernon CelebritiesMount Vernon Cultural Walk
In 1903, the Belvedere Hotel became the crowning architectural achievement in the neighborhood. Its signature thirty-five-foot mansard roof has become the symbol for upper Mount Vernon. In the late 1970s, the building was rehabilitated into . . . — Map (db m102915) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Adventure Begins at the Bay's Front DoorBaltimore Visitor Center and Gwynns Falls Trail — Chesapeake Bay Gateways Network
It’s amazing how much has happened here since Captain John Smith traveled up the Patapsco while exploring the Chesapeake Bay in 1608. Since its founding in 1729, Baltimore has been the scene of some of American history’s great moments, among them . . . — Map (db m79856) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — African American PoliticiansPennsylvania Avenue Heritage Trial
In concert with many of Old West Baltimore’s civil rights organizations and leaders, African Americans entered the political arena. As far back as 1792, Thomas Brown, an African American horse doctor and veteran of the Revolutionary War, ran . . . — Map (db m101986) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — American Legion Federal Post No. 19
Since the establishment in 1930, American Legion Federal Post No. 19 has served as a faithful steward to Baltimore’s African American veterans and the larger community. Members from this post worked within the larger American Legion organization to . . . — Map (db m102337) WM
Maryland, Baltimore — Archaeological RemainsFrederick Douglass-Isaac Myers Maritime Park — A Living Classroom
For the past 300 years, wharfs have jutted into Baltimore harbor, and been home to commercial and residential buildings. What is known today as Chase’s Wharf, where you are standing, had long been a bustling site with one and two-story frame and . . . — Map (db m103331) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Baltimore & Ohio RailroadThe Mount Clare Shops
You are standing on the site of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad’s Mount Clare Shops, a large industrial complex critical to maintaining every aspect of the railroad’s daily operations. Because of their strategic importance, the shops were among the . . . — Map (db m60965) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Baltimore Public Works Museum
Completed in 1912, the majestic Eastern Avenue Pumping Station was the architectural crown jewel in the City of Baltimore’s ambitious plan to provide its citizens with a service largely taken for granted today, a sanitary sewage system.

Designed . . . — Map (db m60939) HM

Maryland, Baltimore — Baltimore Regional TrailA House Divided — War on the Chesapeake Bay
During the Civil War, Baltimore and its environs exemplified the divided loyalties of Maryland's residents. The city had commercial ties to the South as well as the North, and its secessionist sympathies erupted in violence on April 19, 1861, when . . . — Map (db m79687) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Baltimore Turns the TideStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
After crushing the Americans at Bladensburg and invading the Nation’s Capital, the British targeted Baltimore. If they could capture the city---the third largest in the United States and a commercial and shipbuilding hub---they could likely bring . . . — Map (db m79868) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Baltimore’s Maritime HeritagePride of Baltimore II
The world’s only authentic sailing reproduction of an 1812-era Baltimore Clipper. Pride of Baltimore II is more than a spectacular ship---it is a living, working symbol of Baltimore’s maritime heritage. With her sharply raked masts, abundance of . . . — Map (db m102955) HM WM
Maryland, Baltimore — Baltimore’s Part in Saving the BayThe Chesapeake Bay Critical Area Program
The promenade you are standing on lies within a very special space called the Critical Area. The Critical Area is the 1000 foot strip (about three city blocks) bordering the entire Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries, including the Patapsco River . . . — Map (db m102990) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Billie Holiday Monument.
Front panel Billie Holiday 1915-1959-Mom and Pop were just a couple of kids when they got married. He was eighteen and she was sixteen and I was three-God Bless the Child.

Right side panel Billie Holiday Born Ellanora Harris, in . . . — Map (db m101670) HM

Maryland, Baltimore — Breaking Boundaries: Reverence, Renovation, and Rock and RollMount Vernon Cultural Walk
In the early 1950s, the 900 block of Tyson Street made national news for its dramatic transformation from a dilapidated street of falling down houses to a street framed by quaint pastel-colored homes. In 1948, City inspectors had condemned Tyson . . . — Map (db m102864) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Brewer’s Park
On this site in 1787, Thomas Peters built the original brewery that he sold to Edward Johnson (Mayor of Baltimore, 1808-1814, 1822). It was during Johnson’s ownership of the brewery, and while serving as Mayor of the City of Baltimore in 1813, that . . . — Map (db m102943) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Building a City and a Nation: At the CrossroadsMount Vernon Cultural Walk
Twice in the 20th century, Baltimoreans completely reinvented their downtown-by necessity in the early 1900s and by plan mid-century.

In 1904, Baltimore’s downtown vanished when 140 acres were destroyed by fire. Within ten years, Baltimore had . . . — Map (db m103262) HM

Maryland, Baltimore — Building Community OrganizationsPennsylvania Avenue Heritage Trail
In the 1930s, Old West Baltimore matured into a self-sustaining, thriving community that nurtured the mind, body and spirit. Old West Baltimore was home to many churches, shops, professional offices, banks and financial institutions, educational . . . — Map (db m101752) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Building High Society: Captains of CommerceMount Vernon Cultural Walk
The upper part of the Mount Vernon neighborhood was once part of Belvedere, the country estate of Colonel John Eager Howard, a Revolutionary War hero, U.S. Senator, and Maryland Governor. His magnificent late 18th-century mansion stood on the . . . — Map (db m102868) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Buy Where You Can Work Campaign & Higher EducationPennsylvania Avenue Heritage Trail
Although the Pennsylvania Avenue of the 1920s was Baltimore’s premier shopping district for African Americans, many of the businesses that served them were owned by whites who refused to hire African Americans from the neighborhood. In 1933, . . . — Map (db m102023) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Captain John O'Donnell1749-1805
Captain John O’Donnell, the founder of the Canton Community, was a man of great vision and accomplishment. He initiated trade between Canton, China and Baltimore in 1785 operating his own merchant sailing vessels. This public square once the site of . . . — Map (db m62256) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Caretaker HouseCrimea Estate
1920 Eagle Drive, Leakin Park, Caretaker House dedicated to three generations of the Stanley Kirk family for their tireless hard work on the Crimea Estate/Leakin Park from 1895-1979.

Mayor Sheila Dixon, Baltimore City Department of Recreation . . . — Map (db m102653) HM

Maryland, Baltimore — Carroll Hunting Lodge
This stone house, commonly known as the “Carroll Hunting Lodge,” is one of the oldest in the Mount Washington area, dating from about 1790. It stands on what was once a vast tract owned by Charles Carroll of Carrollton. Carroll was on . . . — Map (db m114584) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — ChapelCrimea Estate
1919 Eagle Drive, Leakin Park, Chapel dedicated to Celeste Revillon Winans, 1823-1861 in memory of her commitment to feeding the hungry in Baltimore City.

Mayor Sheila Dixon, Baltimore City Department of Recreation and Parks, Friends of . . . — Map (db m102649) HM

Maryland, Baltimore — Christopher Columbus MemorialColumbus Piazza
Front panel Christopher Columbus discover of America October 12, 1492. Dedicated to the City of Baltimore by the Italian American Organization United of Maryland and the Italian American Community of Baltimore in commemoration of the discovery of . . . — Map (db m103122) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Church Home and Hospital1857-1982
Church Home and Hospital and the Church Home and Hospital Nursing Alumnae Association celebrates 142 years of compassionate care to the infirmed, injured and aged.

“We won’t forget the ensign on the hill” Dedicated April 30, 2000. — Map (db m102835) HM

Maryland, Baltimore — CisternCarroll Mansion
Archaeologists discovered a buried cistern two and one half feet below you. A cistern is a receptacle for holding water, especially rainwater.

In eighteenth-century Baltimore, water came from wells, creeks, and natural springs, which were . . . — Map (db m102929) HM

Maryland, Baltimore — City Hall
When City Hall was completed in 1875, it was admired as a marvel of style, elegance and technology. The Second Empire design was the first commission of 22-year old George Frederick. Wendel Bollman, a Baltimore engineer, designed the 227-foot high . . . — Map (db m102322) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Clarence and Parren MitchellBaltimore Black History
Clarence and Parren Mitchell grew up in Harlem Park, and fought for equality well beyond their West Baltimore neighborhood. In 1933, Clarence reported on an Eastern Shore lynching for The Afro-American newspaper. He came home transformed into an . . . — Map (db m101456) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Community Growth and FaithPennsylvania Avenue Heritage Trail
Communities grow in direct proportion to their access to capital. Potential homebuyers and business owners in Old West Baltimore needed access to money. In 1896, Everett J. Waring, along with some of Baltimore’s most prominent African Americans, . . . — Map (db m101990) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Confederate Soldiers and Sailors MonumentReconciling History — Baltimore's Confederate Monuments
During the Civil War, approximately 60,000 Marylanders fought for the Union and 25,000 fought for the Confederacy. After the war, Confederate sympathizers erected monuments such as this one to recognize Confederate soldiers and sailors and to . . . — Map (db m101761) WM
Maryland, Baltimore — Confederate Soldiers Memorial
Erected to the memory of the Confederate Dead by the Loudon Park Confederate Memorial Association. 1870 — Map (db m106853) WM
Maryland, Baltimore — Confederate Women of Maryland
To the Confederate Women of Maryland 1861-1865 The Brave at Home In difficulty and danger regardless of self they fed the hungry, clothed the needy, nursed the wounded and comforted the dying. — Map (db m62307) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Confederate Women’s MonumentReconciling History — Baltimore's Confederate Monuments
Dedicated in 1917, this monument was part of a national movement spearheaded by the United Confederate Veterans to place a monument recognizing the sacrifices of Confederate women in the capitals of thirteen Southern states. It was founded by the . . . — Map (db m101757) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Courting JusticePennsylvania Avenue Heritage Trail
Working with the Mutual United Brotherhood of Liberty (MUBL), a small group of African American lawyers living in Baltimore were committed to erasing racism within the law. But first they had to fight for the right to practice law in Maryland, . . . — Map (db m101687) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Crafting a LegacyStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
In 1813, Mary Pickersgill’s flag-making business was commissioned to sew a garrison flag and a smaller storm flag for Fort McHenry, Mary’s mother, daughter, nieces, and African American servants helped complete the task in about seven weeks.

On . . . — Map (db m79832) HM

Maryland, Baltimore — Creating an African American NeighborhoodPennsylvania Avenue Heritage Trail
The creation of Baltimore’s premier African American neighborhood, which began with African Americans buying houses along Druid Hill Avenue, sparked segregation battles and practices throughout the country and the world. Dramatic change from . . . — Map (db m101714) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Creating an American Culture: The Golden Age of BaltimoreMount Vernon Cultural Walk
During the early 19th century, Baltimore became, for a brief time, America’s second largest and fastest growing city. Baltimore led the world in shipbuilding, sail-cloth production, and flour milling. On Cathedral Hill, Baltimore’s business leaders . . . — Map (db m107314) HM
Minnesota (Anoka County), Coon Rapids — Coon Rapids Dam Regional ParkMississippi National River and Recreation Area-Partner Site — East Visitor Center
The Mighty Mississippi River One of the world’s great rivers, the Mississippi trickles from Minnesota’s Lake Itasca, gathering the waters of the nation’s heartland as it flows to the Gulf of Mexico. On its timeless journey, the river weaves . . . — Map (db m70952) HM
Mississippi (Adams County), Natchez — The William Johnson House
The house to your left, completed in 1841, was built by William Johnson. Born a slave in 1809 in Natchez and freed in 1820, Johnson learned the profession of barbering from his brother-in-law. At an early age, he owned a barbershop and later . . . — Map (db m92857) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Absecon — Absecon Presbyterian Church
The cornerstone was laid 16 November 1865. The church was dedicated on 20 June 1867. — Map (db m92438) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Absecon — Absecon United Methodist Church
Incorporated in 1823 from classes started in 1796. Building dedicated 1829, rebuilt in 1856. — Map (db m92437) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Atlantic City — Clifford J. Newsome1900-1981
In 1929, C.J. Newsome was a founder of the Atlantic City Board of Trade (ACBT), which became the Black Chamber of Commerce, promoting Atlantic City as a place for African American conventions. An outstanding leader of St. James A.M.E. Church, he . . . — Map (db m92433) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Atlantic City — Edna Patricia Hall1924-2013
An Atlantic City native, Hall is a founding member and former Vice- President of the First Ward Civic Association, an original member and Vice- President of the Inlet Public Private Association and a staunch supporter of the NAACP and 101 Women . . . — Map (db m92435) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Atlantic City — George William Nelson Sr.1930-
An Atlantic City native, who served on the Atlantic City Police Department from 1958 to 1984, retiring with the rank of captain. His last assignment was Executive Assistant to the Chief of Police. He once commanded the City's internationally reputed . . . — Map (db m92432) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Atlantic City — Jeremiah Leeds1754-1835
A revolutionary war veteran standing six feet tall. Leeds came to Absecon Island with his ten children in 1785 from Leeds Point, N.J. and built the first permanent structure of cedar logs. He cleared the nearby land to create his farm known as . . . — Map (db m92434) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Bargintown — Veterans Memorial
Dedicated to the Men and Women of Atlantic County who have served their nation in the Armed Forces of the United States. — Map (db m64272) WM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Batsto — Exploring the PinelandsPinelands National Reserve
The 1.1 million acre New Jersey Pinelands covering nearly one quarter of the state, is a region of varied resources and opportunities. The Pinelands is home to almost twelve hundred species of plants and animals, many unique natural environments, . . . — Map (db m64194) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Batsto — Wharton State ForestPinelands National Reserve
Wharton State Forest, located in the heart of the Pinelands, is the largest single tract of state-owned land in New Jersey, containing well over 120,000 acres. Important natural resources, historic villages and recreational opportunities can be . . . — Map (db m64192) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Belcoville — Bethlehem Loading Co.W.W.1 (World War 1)
Administration Buildings-These 8 buildings contained police barracks, horse stables, garage, U.S. Army office, the telephone exchange, employment and dispensary. — Map (db m64271) WM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Buena Borough — Friendship Church
Built in 1808 on land donated by William and Hope Hollingshead. Rev Richard Sneath was the first Methodist Preacher. — Map (db m92326) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Egg Harbor City — All Veterans MemorialEgg Harbor City Cemetery
On this 50th anniversary of the American Legion, we dedicate this plaque to the memory of all veterans who lie here in peace. Rudolph Elmer Post #158 March 15, 1969. — Map (db m108256) WM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Egg Harbor City — The Roundhouse MuseumNew Jersey Register of Historic Places Site
Welcome to the site of Dr. Smith’ Neutral Water Sanitarium. Before you is the focal point of the sanitarium, the flowing cedar waters in the serpentine creek. The site before you and behind you was the destination of hundreds of people from the . . . — Map (db m64260) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Egg Harbor Township — Asbury Methodist Church
Earlier called Englishes. Present building dedicated 1863. Rev Richard Sneath preached at Englishes 1798. — Map (db m92429) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Egg Harbor Township — Zion United Methodist Church
Built in 1822 on site of 1764 Meeting House. Eleven Revolutionary War soldiers buried here. — Map (db m92427) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Estell Manor — Estellville Glass FactoryEstell Manor Park
The quiet woodland scene before you was a very different place 150 years ago. The ruins are the remains of the Estellville Glass Factory, which employed as many as eighty men and boys at its peak of operation. Where the piles of stone and brick lie . . . — Map (db m92354) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Estell Manor — The Daniel Estell HouseEstell Manor Park
The Manor House was built n 1832 by Joseph West for his younger sister, Maria, and her husband, Daniel Estell, as a wedding present. Daniel Estell was the co-owner and operator of the Estellville Glassworks until his death in 1858.

The two and . . . — Map (db m92368) HM

New Jersey (Atlantic County), Estell Manor — The Estellville Methodist Church
The Estellville Methodist Church, formerly Stephen Creek Meeting House, was built in 1834 at a cost of $621.21 on land donated by John E. Estell of, at that time, Weymouth Township, Gloucester County.

The Society was incorporated on December . . . — Map (db m92369) HM

New Jersey (Atlantic County), Estell Manor — The Etna (Aetna) Furnace1816 - 1832
John Coates and the Howell family of Philadelphia built the Etna Furnace. The first manager was John Ladd Howell II.

At its most active times, about 200 men were employed here. There was a sawmill, gristmill and about 50 homes.

Power for . . . — Map (db m92375) HM

New Jersey (Atlantic County), Estell Manor — The Flattening HouseEstellville Glass Factory — Estell Manor Park
After the cylinder was removed from the blowpipe in the Melting Furnace, it was placed on a wooden rack, and a molten glass strip was wrapped around each end. When the domed top and end were touched with a piece of wet metal, they snapped off . . . — Map (db m92361) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Estell Manor — The Head of the River Church
(Top marker) Society Founded 1780, Church Built 1792-First Trustees; David Sayres, Judah Swain, William Smith, Constance Smith, John Champion John Corson, William Goff.

(Bottom left marker) The Head of the River Methodist Episcopal Church is . . . — Map (db m92376) HM

New Jersey (Atlantic County), Estell Manor — The Melting FurnaceEstellville Glass Factory — Estell Manor Park
The Melting Furnace was the heart of the glassworks. Here the silica sand, lime, and potash were melted into glass.

The furnace was at the center of the building. Before use, wood was dried and stored in the northeast corner of the building. The . . . — Map (db m92367) HM

New Jersey (Atlantic County), Estell Manor — The Pot HouseEstellville Glass Factory — Estell Manor Park
Pots were the clay crucibles used as containers in the furnace for melting the raw materials to make glass. Making the pots, the process which took place in this building, was the most exacting work in the entire glass-making industry.

The pots . . . — Map (db m92356) HM

New Jersey (Atlantic County), Estell Manor — The Tie That BindsReligious Influence-Historic Settlements
Seeking shelter from a storm, Rev. John James, a circuit riding preacher ordained by the Church in England, but disciplined in the beliefs of the Methodist Church of John Wesley, met by chance with local resident David Sayres on a cold, wintry night . . . — Map (db m92377) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Estell Manor — Welcome to Atlantic County Park at Estell Manor!
This is the first stop on the 50-mile Great Egg Harbor River Romp Birding & Wildlife Trail.

The Park’s Warren E. Fox Nature Center is the perfect starting point for a day or more of outdoor exploration and wildlife viewing. Walk the trails and go . . . — Map (db m92344)

New Jersey (Atlantic County), Hammonton — Wiltsey's Sawmill
Built by Charles Wiltsey in 1800. Later sold to David Albertso who ran the mill into the 1840's. Located on Great Swamp branch of the Egg Harbor River. — Map (db m88457) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Linwood — Friends Meeting House and Burying Ground
Across this driveway stood the old Quaker (Friends) meeting house and school.

At the monthly meeting of the Friends dated Jan. 1, 1731, it was concluded that “ye meeting for worship shall be removed from John Sculls (house) and shall . . . — Map (db m92416) HM

New Jersey (Atlantic County), Linwood — Leedsville Schoolhouse
The Leedsville Schoolhouse, also known as Linwood School #1, was built in 1873. The building is owned by the City of Linwood and is occupied by the Linwood Historical Society. The building houses a local history museum and archives.

The . . . — Map (db m92425) HM

New Jersey (Atlantic County), Linwood — The Linwood Historic District
The Linwood Historic District has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior.

The district reflects the architectural development of the community from village to city through the . . . — Map (db m92414) HM

New Jersey (Atlantic County), Linwood — Thomas Morris House
Built in 1853 by Thomas Morris deputy collector of customs, early customs house attached to rear of house. — Map (db m92409) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), May Landing — The Presbyterian Church Mays Landing
Cornerstone laid in 1841 on land donated by Samuel Richards. Services began in 1842. — Map (db m64269) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Mays Landing — American HotelBuilt 1839
Built of NJ sandstone by Samuel Richards, Weymouth Ironmaster, the inn and tavern served courthouse and Weymouth Furnace workers, travelers, sea captains and crews. Entered on National Register of Historic Places in 1979. — Map (db m92343) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Mays Landing — Atlantic County Court House
After the NJ legislature created Atlantic County on February 7, 1837,Weymouth Ironmaster Samuel Richards donated land to build this courthouse. Renovated in 1978. Mays Landing Historic District entered on National Register of Historic Places in 1990. — Map (db m92339) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Mays Landing — Fallen Soldiers Memorial
Dedicated to all those who gave their lives for their country. — Map (db m64268) WM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Mays Landing — George Wheaton’s ShipyardCirca 1830-1874
Shipbuilding developed in this area at an early period, probably between 1720-1750. George May lived near this spot and is alleged to have built sloops here prior to the Revolution. According to the Penna. Packet, an early shipyard was here in 1779. . . . — Map (db m92340) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Northfield — Jeremiah Leeds Grave
Jeremiah Leeds settled on Absecon Beach in 1783. The first permanent settler in what is now Atlantic City. — Map (db m92426) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Smithville — Historic Smithville Inn
Traced to John Smith in 1737. Isaac & James Smith bought Inn in 1819, an early stage stop. — Map (db m92439) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Somers Point — Bass Harbor
Bass Harbor was a busy port for barges and sloops which carried produce, wood and ice to local businesses and residences. From privateering and smuggling, to clamming and fishing, to recreational boating, the bayfront has always played an active . . . — Map (db m64277) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Somers Point — Bay Avenue Night Life
Gateway Casino, Tony Mart’s Bay Shores, Steel’s Ship Bar were all located at this end of Bay Avenue. They made up the musical heart of the bay-front, from the big bands and marathon dances of the 30’s and 40’s to the rock and roll greats of the 50’s . . . — Map (db m64290) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Somers Point — Burial Ground of Col. Richard Somers1737-1794
And his immediate family, Grandson of John Somers, First settler, 1693, member of 3rd Regiment, Gloucester County militia. Monument erected 1850 in memory of his son, Master Commandant Richard Somers, U.S.N. 1778-1804. Site restored 1981. — Map (db m92407) HM WM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Somers Point — Getting Around Somers Point
Due to its location on the water, this area has historically been a transportation hub. In 1717, John Somers, Supervisor of Roads for Cape May County, began work on the Nacote Trail. Now known as Shore Road, it connects Somers Point with Port . . . — Map (db m64291) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Somers Point — Shipbuilding
Due to the deepwater harbor and the availability of timber, shipbuilding thrived along the Great Egg Harbor Bay from 1860-1890. Three-masted schooners, the likes of the Emma Cottingham and the 21 Friends, as well as sloops and barges dotted the . . . — Map (db m64278) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Somers Point — Somers Mansion
Somers Mansion, thought to be the oldest house in Atlantic County, was built in the early 1720’s. The first record of the house is in the Meeting minutes of the Great Egg Harbor/Cape May Society of Friends in 1726 when the group met at the home of . . . — Map (db m64293) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Somers Point — Submarine Veterans Memorial
United States Submarine Veterans-our creed "To perpetuate the memory of our shipmates who gave their lives in the pursuit of their duties while serving their country. That their dedication deeds and supreme sacrifice be a constant source of . . . — Map (db m92408) WM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Somers Point — The Anchorage
Dating from the late 1800’s, this empire-style building was one of the many tavern-hotels in the historic district. Tourists came for fishing parties, sea bathing, hearty food, healthful sea air, and a bay view from the veranda. — Map (db m64280) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Somers Point — Transportation
Shore Road, completed in 1731, was the main artery for transportation and trade connecting Nacote Creek (Port Republic) to Somerset Plantation (Somers Point) and to Cape May County by Job’s Ferry. In 1880, connecting Philadelphia to Ocean City, . . . — Map (db m64289) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Somers Point — U.S. Navy Commandant Richard Somers’ Birthplace
Born at this site on September 15, 1778, educated in Philadelphia, Somers led the Battle of Tripoli and sacrificed his life on September 4, 1804. He is memorialized by both a monument at the U.S. Naval Academy and a U.S. Navy ship commissioned in . . . — Map (db m92406) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Weymouth — Atlantic County Parks Along the Great Egg Harbor River
Canoe trips: Canoeists can enjoy 12 miles of natural pine barrens environment along the Great Egg Harbor River from Penny Pot in Folsom through Weymouth Park to Lake Lenape in Mays Landing. Trip length varies from 2 hours to all day, depending on . . . — Map (db m64263) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Weymouth — Welcome to Atlantic County's Park at Weymouth Furnace
Welcome to Atlantic County’s Park at Weymouth Furnace which was developed around the remains of an early 1800’s iron furnace. These remains are an important link to Atlantic County’s rich history. This furnace turned out iron pipe and utilitarian . . . — Map (db m64264) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Weymouth — Weymouth FurnaceAtlantic County Historical Society
Early 19th Century South Jersey iron furnace. Iron was produced from “Bog Ore” mined in surrounding swamps and brought to furnace by small barges poled along canals. Iron Castings, Stoves, Pots and Pans were made. Weymouth cast cannon . . . — Map (db m64262) HM
New York (Albany County), Albany — Chester Alan Arthur
Twenty First President of the United States Born October 5, 1830 Died November 18, 1886 — Map (db m95485) HM
New York (Albany County), Albany — General Philip Henry Sheridan Monument
Philip Henry Sheridan, General United States Army. Born Albany NY. March 6th 1831, Died Nonquitt Mass. August 5th, 1888.

Erected by the citizens of Albany and the state of New York under chapter 100 of the laws of 1914. Commissioners: . . . — Map (db m95584) WM

New York (Albany County), Menands — Saint Agnes CemeteryMedal of Honor Recipient Burial Place
Saint Agnes Cemetery has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 2008 — Map (db m62357) HM
North Carolina (Alamance County), Swepsonville — G 128 — John Butler
Orange County sheriff in War of Regulation, 1770-1771; brigadier general, N.C. militia, 1777-84. Lived ¼ mi. N. — Map (db m69973) HM
North Carolina (Anson County), Ansonville — K 57 — Ralf Freeman
Free black served as a Baptist pastor at Rocky River Church until law in 1831 barred blacks from public preaching. Buried 500 yards west. — Map (db m77358) HM
North Carolina (Anson County), Lilesville — K 17 — Samuel Spencer
Jurist & Antifederalist leader. Member of court which in 1787 issued the first reported precedent for judicial review. His home stood 3 miles N.E. — Map (db m77357) HM
North Carolina (Avery County), Banner Elk — Banner ElkUnionist Haven
In 1860 Banner Elk was a small community in the mountains of Watauga County (present-day Avery County). Then called Banner’s Elk, it was named for the local Banner family and the Elk River. During the last years of the Civil War, an organized system . . . — Map (db m77533) HM
North Carolina (Avery County), Banner Elk — N 36 — Shepherd M. Dugger
Author of The Balsam Groves of the Grandfather Mountain, 1892; educator and humorist. Grave one block south. — Map (db m77549) HM
North Carolina (Avery County), Crossnore — N 44 — Crossnore School
Founded by Mary Martin Sloop, physician, 1913, to serve region's youth. Weaving Room, est. 1920, boosted revival of handicrafts. Campus ½ mi. W. — Map (db m77493) HM
North Carolina (Avery County), Elk Park — Cranberry Iron MineIron for the Confederacy
During the Civil War, natural resources such as salt, lead, and iron were highly prized commodities in the Confederacy. The government relied especially on small rural ironworks to manufacture cannons, swords, and firearms. Ruben White first mined . . . — Map (db m77479) HM
North Carolina (Avery County), Linville — A Woman of WarSarah Malinda Blalock
Sarah Malinda Blalock and her husband, William McKesson “Keith” Blalock, lived in Coffey’s Gap on the Watauga and Caldwell County line in 1860. Keith Blalock was an avowed Unionist, but with the passage of the first Confederate . . . — Map (db m77492) HM
North Carolina (Avery County), Newland — N 5 — Yellow Mountain Road
Along a route nearby the "Over-Mountain Men" marched to victory at King's Mountain, 1780. — Map (db m77477) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gardners — Camp Michaux
This is the site of Pine Grove Furnace Prisoner of War Interrogation Camp (1943-1945). Here the U.S War Department operated a clandestine facility where intelligence officers interrogated enemy prisoners. During its thirty-month existence, thousands . . . — Map (db m84037) WM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gardners — Pine Grove Furnace POW Interrogation Camp
During WWII, the US War Dept. operated this secret facility a mile north along Michaux Rd., one of three such sites in the US. Military intelligence relating to topics such as weaponry development and Axis operations was gained from thousands of . . . — Map (db m84036) HM
Texas (Armstrong County), Claude — 817 — Charles H. RoanMarine Private First Class — (Aug. 16, 1923 - Sept. 18, 1944)
Winner, Congressional Medal of Honor for heroism during the Allied Forces’ invasion of Peleliu in the western Pacific in World War II. On July 21, 1945, he was decorated posthumously by presentation of his medal to his mother, Armstrong County . . . — Map (db m62834) HM
Virginia (Accomack County), Wallops Island — Welcome to the NASA Visitor Center
The visitor center displays NASA’s past, present and future projects, as well as, Wallops flight facility’s role in Aeronautical and Space research. The NASA Goddard Space Flight Center’s Wallops flight facility was established in 1945, and is one . . . — Map (db m95122) HM
Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Thomas JeffersonCitizen-Statesman-Patriot
The greatest advocate of human liberty Opposing special privileges He loved and trusted The People To commemorate his Purchase of Louisiana Erected by The Jefferson Club of St. Louis MO on their pilgrimage Oct 12, 1901 to . . . — Map (db m99849) HM
Virginia, Alexandria — E-88 — Alexandria Library Sit-In
On 21 August 1939, five young African American men applied for library cards at the new Alexandria Library to protest its whites-only policy. After being denied, William Evans, Edward Gaddis, Morris Murray, Clarence Strange, and Otto L. Tucker each . . . — Map (db m82774) HM
Virginia, Alexandria — Bank of Alexandria
Established in 1792, this was the first financial institution authorized by the General Assembly of Virginia. The building was completed in 1807. It is one of the oldest surviving commercial structures in Alexandria and is a fine local example of . . . — Map (db m81250) HM
Virginia, Alexandria — E-139 — Beulah Baptist Church
African Americans escaping slavery found refuge in Alexandria after Union troops occupied the city in 1861. The Rev. Clement “Clem” Robinson established the First Select Colored School in 1862. Hundreds of students registered for day and . . . — Map (db m98079) HM
Virginia, Alexandria — Fighting BackStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
With Alexandria under British control in August 1814, top-ranking U.S. military men gathered at this high point above the city. President Madison conferred with Secretary of the Navy William Jones, Brigadier General John Hungerford, and U.S. Navy . . . — Map (db m81243) HM
Virginia, Alexandria — John Fitzgerald1776-1976
This building was the warehouse of John Fitzgerald, Alexandria merchant and officer of the third Virginia Regiment of the Continental Line.

Colonel Fitzgerald was a close friend of General George Washington and he was his secretary and . . . — Map (db m81247) HM

Virginia, Alexandria — E-137 — Parker-Gray High School
Parker-Gray School opened on Wythe Street in 1920 to serve African American students in grades 1-8. Until upper-level classes were added in 1932, African Americans had to travel to the District of Columbia to attend high school. Civil rights . . . — Map (db m98083) HM
Virginia, Alexandria — Raise the White FlagStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
In the early 1800s Alexandria was part of the District of Columbia and an important port with its own militia. In summer 1814, though, Alexandria’s militia had been sent to defend Maryland from the British invasion. So on August 28, four days after . . . — Map (db m81226) HM
Virginia, Alexandria — Site of Assembly HallAlexandria City Hall
Here was held March 22 1785 the first conference between representatives Alexander Henderson and George Mason of Virginia and Major Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, Mr. Chase and Mr. Stone of Maryland. This conference resulted in the framing of the . . . — Map (db m81249) HM
Virginia, Alexandria — Torpedo Factory Art Center / United States Naval Torpedo Station (Building Two)
Marker on the left side of the North Union Street entrance:Torpedo Factory Art Center City of Alexandria, Virginia Dedicated April 30, 1983 Alexandria City Council, Charles E. Beatley, Jr,. Mayor; James P. Moran, Jr., Vice Mayor; . . . — Map (db m98078) HM WM
Virginia, Alexandria — Waterfront Walk
(Panel 1) The Alexandria waterfront reflects the perpetual relationship between people and the Potomac River. The Old Town shore documents a history rich in individual and collective maritime, commercial, and cultural concerns. Waterfront . . . — Map (db m81244) HM
Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — April 1865Appomattox Court House National Historic Park
In this village, General Lee and his Army of Northern Virginia surrendered to General Grant and the Army of the Potomac. The terms of their “gentlemen’s peace” inspired a new unity and a new purpose for our Nation.

The village of . . . — Map (db m100993) WM

Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington National Cemetery — 96th Infantry Division, U.S. ArmyLeyte 1944 • Okinawa 1945
In memory of our fallen comrades of the 96th Infantry Division, U.S. Army killed on Leyte, Philippines and Okinawa, Japan and to all Deadeyes who fought with valor and distinction to defeat Imperial Japan — Map (db m61926) WM
Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington National Cemetery — American-Armenian Volunteer Memorial
. . . — Map (db m99616) WM
Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington National Cemetery — Doubleday
Abner Doubleday Col. to Bvt. Major General U.S. Army Major General Volunteers 1819 1893 He was graduated at West Point 1842 1848 Mexican War 1852 Commissioner to Mexico 1854 Indian Hostilities in Texas 1856 Indian Hostilities . . . — Map (db m99557) WM
Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington National Cemetery — Kitchen GardenArlington House
Large estates customarily had a vegetable garden and summer kitchen near the main house. Slaves gathered fresh produce, prepared it in the summer kitchen, and carried it directly to the main dining room. Arlington’s garden extended from the . . . — Map (db m71606) HM
Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington National Cemetery — R Adams Cowley
(front) R Adams Cowley 1st Lieutenant Medical Corps United States Army July 15, 1917 - October 27, 1991 Next to creating a life the finest thing a man can do is to save one Abraham Lincoln (back) A . . . — Map (db m99555) HM
Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington National Cemetery — The Flower GardenArlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial — Arlington National Cemetery
Mrs. Robert E. Lee took special interest in the flower garden, and she helped shape its final design. In the center stood a large, latticed arbor, its walls covered with flowering jasmine. The Lees used the arbor for summer entertaining and as . . . — Map (db m70683) HM
Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington National Cemetery — Tomb of the Unknowns
Under authority of Public Resolution 67, of the 66th Congress, approved March 4, 1921, an unknown American soldier was exhumed from each of the four American cemeteries in France. They were placed in identical caskets and assembled at Chalons Sur . . . — Map (db m61934) HM WM
Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington National Cemetery — War of 1812 Memorial
Fourteen Unknown Soldiers and Sailors of the War of 1812 Symbolic of all who made the supreme sacrifice in that war — Map (db m99617) WM
Virginia (Augusta County), Crimoro — Jackson's Valley Campaign
Brown’s Gap, ¾ of a mile north, was one of the strategic mountain passes used in the spring of 1862 by Stonewall Jackson near the beginning and end of his whirlwind offensive. His secret military strategy took full advantage of the complex . . . — Map (db m61327) HM

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