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Eagle River Marker image, Touch for more information
By Mike Wintermantel, August 13, 2014
Eagle River Marker
Ontario (Niagara Region), Niagara Falls — Ebenezer Community
In 1852 this was the site of the Ebenezer religious community of 800 people. It had log houses, a wharf, store, blacksmith shop, sawmill, woolen mill, flour mill, cannery, cabinet shop and a communal dining hall. Their best known product was high . . . — Map (db m64653) HM
Michigan (Alger County), Au Train — S0121 — Lake Superior
Le lac superieur the French called it, meaning only that geographically it lay above Lake Huron. In size, however, Lake Superior stands above all other fresh water lakes in the world. The intrepid Frenchman Brule discovered it around 1622. . . . — Map (db m41968) HM
Michigan (Keweenaw County), Eagle Harbor — Eagle Harbor
Horace Greeley landed on June 15, 1847. He came on the Independence, the first propeller boat on Lake Superior. It had a maximum speed of 5 miles per hour. That night, Greeley reported, the harbor was frozen over for some distance from shore. There . . . — Map (db m76313) HM
Michigan (Keweenaw County), Eagle River — Lake Shore Drive Bridge / Eagle River
Lake Shore Drive Bridge. This bridge, completed in 1915, was one of two bridges erected simultaneously by the Michigan State Highway Department across the Eagle River. The second was located in nearby Phoenix. Prior to 1915 a Pratt through truss . . . — Map (db m995) HM
Michigan (Saint Clair County), Marine City — 2197 — David and Laura Lester House
This house was likely built in stages between around 1855 and 1885 and reflects the prominence of David and Laura Rice Lester. David Lester (1823-1890), a shipbuilder, a ship owner, and a salt producer, played a key role in Marine City's economic . . . — Map (db m41189) HM
New York (Allegany County), Alma — B.J. Thomas — (1843-1918)
Driller & contractor from PA, who earned nickname of "Dry Hole Ben" by seldom promoting successful oil wells. His continued faith in paying quantities of oil in Allegany County let him drill many historical wells. Including the "Wildcat Well" on . . . — Map (db m65539) HM
New York (Allegany County), Bolivar — Early Cemetery
Used as a burial ground for pioneer families: Lesuer, Tyler, Cowles, Kellogg, Mead, Daniels, Beers, Davie stones date from the 1820's. — Map (db m88284) HM
New York (Chautauqua County), Jamestown — First Train
The first train arrived in Jamestown August 25, 1860 over the newly laid rails of the Atlantic and Great Western Railroad culminating a 29 year effort to assure Jamestown's position in the national transportation network. — Map (db m64699) HM
New York (Chautauqua County), Jamestown — Public Market
Foreshadowing supermarkets and malls, numerous vendors, often recent immigrants, sold produce, meats and other foods including ethnic specialties from 1913 to 1965. — Map (db m64717) HM
New York (Erie County), Hamburg — Stage Coach Stop
Home of Abner Amstell, a pioneer who came to this area in 1805. He was elected poundmaster at the first town meeting in 1812. This home was a tavern and first stop for stage coaches along the Erie Road from Buffalo. — Map (db m64671) HM
New York (Orleans County), Medina — White's Hotel — 345 Main Street
Known most commonly as White's Hotel, this building has had several different names throughout its history. Built by Botsford Fairman back in 1834, Fairman's Arcade housed a grocery, a bank, an insurance office and more. In 1869, it was sold to . . . — Map (db m102958) HM
North Carolina (Bertie County), Windsor — A-48 — Roanoke River
Early channel of trade, its valley long an area of plantations. Frequent floods until 1952; since controlled by Kerr Dam. Old name was "Moratuck". — Map (db m67521) HM
North Carolina (Craven County), Havelock — C-68 — Cherry Point
U.S. Marine Corps Air Station activated 1941 as Cunningham Field for first USMC aviator A.A. Cunningham. MCAS Cherry Point since May 1942. — Map (db m67558) HM
North Carolina (Dare County), Hatteras — America's 1st Attempt at Civil War Reunification
Orchestrated by Union Colonel Rush C. Hawkins, the Hatteras Convention was held nearby on November 18, 1861. The state's secession was declared null and void, Hatteras was proclaimed the capitol and Marble Nash Taylor became provisional governor. . . . — Map (db m46095) HM
North Carolina (Dare County), Hatteras — B-38 — Confederate Forts
Fort Hatteras and Fort Clark, 2 miles s.west, fell to Union troops on Aug. 29, 1861, after two days of heavy naval bombardment. — Map (db m67576) HM
North Carolina (Dare County), Hatteras — Fort Clark/The Bombardment of Fort Hatteras
Side A:Fort ClarkHatteras Inlet, defended by Forts Clark and Hatteras, was a strategic port of entry for troops and supplies providing deep water access to the vital intercoastal waterways. In later May of 1881, the Federal Blockade . . . — Map (db m46298) HM
Ohio (Belmont County), Barnesville — Roby Cigar Museum
This small, backyard cigar company operated from 1900 to 1943. Mr. Roby's hand-made stogies or cigars were made here in this building by family members, with the help of 2 or 3 employees daily. It was located in Belmont, Ohio. This shop has . . . — Map (db m79272) HM
Ohio (Belmont County), Bellaire — 15-7 — Union Square and its Uses / The Question of Ownership
Side 1 Union Square and Its Uses Labeled "Union Square" on the first village maps, block 12 of the City of Bellaire was formed by joining portions of the Harris and Rodefer Farms in 1857. Used for tent shows, circuses, political . . . — Map (db m78494) HM
Ohio (Belmont County), Elizabethtown — 1-7 — Mile Marker
The earliest highway signs along the National Road (Route 40) in Ohio were milestones located at one-mile intervals along the north side of the roadway. Each stone indicated the distance to Cumberland, Maryland, the eastern terminus of the National . . . — Map (db m21058) HM
Ohio (Belmont County), St. Clairsville — 17-7 — Governor Arthur St. Clair 1734-1818
Born in Scotland. From 1787-1802, was first governor of the Northwest Territory, which included Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin and part of Minnesota. St. Clair established territorial court system and Ohio’s first nine counties . . . — Map (db m76511) HM
Ohio (Carroll County), Malvern — 2-10 — The Great Trail / The Ohio Country in the Revolution
Side A The Great Trail Gateway to the Ohio Country The ancient trail that passed near this spot was the major overland route entering the Ohio Country from the east through the 1700s. Also known as the Tuscarawas Path, the . . . — Map (db m80715) HM
Ohio (Columbiana County), East Liverpool — Locke's Building
Believed to be the second oldest surviving commercial structure in the city, this building opened in 1880 as a men's clothing store. The second floor has been the location of several photo studios and at one time was occupied by Gertrude Fryette's . . . — Map (db m44164) HM
Ohio (Columbiana County), East Liverpool — 16-15 — Ohio's Gateway
Fawcettstown, later to become East Liverpool, marked the first Ohio community to be encountered by early river travelers as they headed toward new challenges and new lives in the expanding nation. Indian canoes, flatboats, and steamboats carried . . . — Map (db m49713) HM
Ohio (Columbiana County), Leetonia — 17-15 — Cherry Valley Coke Ovens
Believed to have been constructed in 1866, this facility is one of the largest of its kind in the nation. The complex of 200 ovens was erected by the Leetonia Iron and Coal Company, later known as the Cherry Valley Iron Works, to supply fuel for . . . — Map (db m66540) HM
Ohio (Cuyahoga County), Cleveland — 90-18 — Erie Street Cemetery
Side A In 1826, when Cleveland's first cemetery closed, Cleveland village trustees paid Leonard Case Sr. one dollar for eight acres of land and dedicated it as the Erie Street Cemetery. Built on what became prime property, the cemetery . . . — Map (db m102722) HM
Ohio (Franklin County), Columbus — Camp Chase Confederate Cemetery
Panel 1 Camp Chase Prison When President Abraham Lincoln called for volunteers to suppress the southern rebellion in April 1861, thousands of men rushed to Camp Jackson in Columbus, Ohio. Authorities established Camp Chase after . . . — Map (db m94551) HM
Ohio (Franklin County), Columbus — Columbia Building
This Property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places — Map (db m103362) HM
Ohio (Harrison County), Deersville — Moravian House
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m79825) HM
Ohio (Harrison County), Deersville — 1 — The Moravian Trail
This ridge road west from Cadiz through Deersville to the Tuscarawas Valley is known locally as the Moravian Trail. Originally an Indian path, it became an important trail for the frontiersmen. The men who participated in the Gnadenhutten Massacre, . . . — Map (db m79828) HM
Ohio (Harrison County), New Rumley — Custer Monument Historic Site
Historic Site — Map (db m79821) HM
Ohio (Jefferson County), Steubenville — Lest We Forget - Chief Logan — "Tah-Gah-Jute" — A Chief of the Mingoes - A Friend of the Whites
From near this place in 1774, all the family of Logan was lured across the Ohio River and massacred by Whites thus sending Logan and Ohio Indian nations on a path of war for vengeance now known to history as Cresap's War. "Who Shall Mourn" — Map (db m44144) HM
Ohio (Jefferson County), Steubenville — 6-41 — Ohio River Lock and Dam 10 Site
Lock and Dam 10, completed in 1915, was part of a slack-water navigation system built for the Ohio River. The site included a brick powerhouse and two lockkeeper houses. The lock and dam was replaced when Pike Island Dam was completed in 1965. The . . . — Map (db m44147) HM
Ohio (Lake County), Mentor — 2-43 — James A. Garfield and the Civil War
His oratorical powers made him a master recruiter. His willingness to learn earned him important field commands. His talents for organization won him praise, distinction and the rank of Major General at the Battle of Chickamauga. His gallant . . . — Map (db m39864) HM
Ohio (Licking County), Granville — 25-45 — An Early Center of Education / Educating Young Women
Side A An Early Center of Education Just three weeks after reaching Granville, pioneer villagers decided on December 9, 1805 to build a log cabin where eighty children would attend school. By 1820, public school classes were being . . . — Map (db m94593) HM
Ohio (Mahoning County), Canfield — 21-50 — Canfield Green
(side A) Canfield, named for the area's primary landowner Judson Canfield, is one of the earliest examples of a New England town plan in both Ohio and the Western Reserve. It dates to April 20, 1798, when surveyor Nathaniel Church arrived . . . — Map (db m41224) HM
Ohio (Mahoning County), Canfield — 25-50 — Canfield Township Hall
The Canfield Township Hall was erected in 1884. It served as the first public building in which the Canfield citizens could conduct town business, elections, and public meetings. An example of Renaissance Revival or “Italianate” . . . — Map (db m41225) HM
Ohio (Mahoning County), Struthers — Struthers Presbyterian Church — 1884-1911
This foundation stone is from the third church building of the United Presbyterian Church congregation, which was moved to Struthers from Poland Center in 1884, and reconstructed on land donated by Thomas Struthers. The building was located just . . . — Map (db m79504) HM
Ohio (Mahoning County), Youngstown — 0-50 — Little Steel Strike
On May 26, 1937, President Philip Murray of the Steel Workers Committee (SWOC) ordered a national walkout against three of the "Little Steel" companies. Two companies, Republic and Youngstown Sheet & Tube, operated major facilities in Ohio. The . . . — Map (db m79493) HM
Ohio (Mahoning County), Youngstown — 26-50 — St. Augustine Episcopal Chapel
St. Augustine Episcopal Chapel was founded by Lenora Evans Berry, an African American woman, in 1907. A lifelong Baptist, her mission was the development of the Episcopal Church for African Americans in Youngstown. Mrs. Berry's husband, bricklayer . . . — Map (db m79496) HM
Ohio (Stark County), East Canton — 7-76 — Clearview Golf Club, 1946
Golfer and World War II veteran William J. Powell, excluded from playing on many American golf courses because of his race, overcame the indignity of discrimination by creating his own course. Hand built in two years and opened in 1948, Clearview . . . — Map (db m68693) HM
Ohio (Stark County), Massillon — 16-76 — Football Pioneer Paul E. Brown
Side A Paul E. Brown, born September 7, 1908 in Norwalk, Ohio, and raised in Massillon, is a member of the Professional Football Hall of Fame and was one of the greatest coaches in the history of football at all levels. From 1932 until . . . — Map (db m80725) HM
Ohio (Tuscarawas County), Dennison — 21-79 — Dennison Railway Chapel / The Manse
Side A Dennison Railway Chapel From its founding in 1865, Dennison was a railroad town and became the second largest rail center for the Pennsylvania Railroad. Rail presence was so strong that the industry dictated social and economic . . . — Map (db m81547) HM
Ohio (Tuscarawas County), Gnadenhutten — 15-79 — Gnadenhutten / The Gnadenhutten Massacre, "A Day of Shame"
Side A Gnadenhutten The Moravian Church in America began missionary work among the Delaware and Mohican tribes of North America in the mid-18th century. David Zeisberger, one of the best-known Moravian missionaries, came to the Ohio . . . — Map (db m81569) HM
Ohio (Tuscarawas County), Zoarville — 10-79 — Zoarville Station — Fink Through Truss Bridge
The Zoarville Station Bridge is a rare survivor of the earliest period of iron bridge construction in the United States, an era when unprecedented railroad expansion gave American bridge builders an international reputation for innovation. German . . . — Map (db m36759) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Littlestown — Pennsylvania
Founded 1681 by William Penn as a Quaker Commonwealth. Birthplace of The Declaration of Independence and The Constitution of the United States — Map (db m95201) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Avalon — Greenstone United Methodist Church — Historic Landmark
Greenstone United Methodist Church 1906 — Map (db m97624) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Ben Avon — Dickson Log House
Built circa 1797 by Ben Avon's First Family. Reconstructed in 1984 using the original logs. — Map (db m60570) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Bethel Park — Bethel Presbyterian Church
Founded 1776, in the Old Stone Manse in South Park, by Reverend John McMillan, pioneer minister and educator. It is the mother of five nearby churches and has given its name to the community. In the cemetery, 14 Revolutionary War soldiers from this . . . — Map (db m42092) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Carnegie — Honus Wagner — (1874-1955)
The "Flying Dutchman" was hailed as baseball's greatest shortstop and one of its finest all-around players. A lifelong Carnegie resident, born to German immigrants. Played for Louisville Colonels, 1897-1899, and the Pittsburgh Pirates from . . . — Map (db m40682) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Crafton — Pittsburgh
Gateway to the West and steel center of the world. Named for William Pitt by General Forbes after the fall of French Fort Duquesne in 1758. Laid out as a town by John Campbell in 1764. Incorporated as a city, 1816. — Map (db m40396) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Duquesne — Duquesne Steel Works
Plant here began in 1886. Acquired by Andrew Carnegie in 1890, then by United States Steel in 1901. Workers here implemented advances in rolling mill and blast furnace processes before 1914; in pollution control, 1953. At peak of operations they . . . — Map (db m45001) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Etna — All Saints Church — Historic Landmark
All Saints Church John Theodore Comes, architect 1914 — Map (db m82015) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Moon Township — Joshua Meeks — (1731-1818)
A militia captain during the American Revolution and civic leader in the early republic, Meeks was a petitioner to create Allegheny County in 1787. While making his living as a farmer, he took up arms to defend western Pa. during conflict and war. . . . — Map (db m40221) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Moon Township — Mooncrest
Designed and built in 1943 by the federal government as defense worker housing. Mooncrest residents produced armor plate, munitions, and ships at the nearby Dravo Corporation during World War II. Operated by U.S. Air Force after 1945; homes sold to . . . — Map (db m40222) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — 1st Drive-In Filling Station
At this site in Dec. 1913, Gulf Refining Co. opened the first drive-in facility designed and built to provide gasoline, oils, and lubricants to the motoring public. Its success led to construction of thousands of gas stations by different oil . . . — Map (db m40872) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Allegheny Observatory
Part of the University of Pittsburgh. Chartered 1860; located here since 1912. At the original site nearby, Professor Samuel P. Langley conducted experiments that would lead to the first sustained, mechanically powered flight in 1896. — Map (db m42219) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science — Historic Landmark
Children's Museum of Pittsburgh Originally Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science Ingham and Boyd, architects, 1939 — Map (db m58601) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Byers-Lyon House — Historic Landmark
Byers-Lyon House 1898 Alden & Harlow, Architects — Map (db m65207) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Colonial Place Historic District — Historic Landmark
Colonial Place Historic District George S. Orth, architect E.H. Bachman, landscape artist 1898 — Map (db m76367) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Daisy E. Lampkin
Outstanding as an NAACP organizer, Mrs. Lampkin was its National Field Secretary, 1935-47. President, Lucy Stone Civic League, 1915-65. A charter member, National Council of Negro Women, and Vice President, The Pittsburgh Courier. She lived here . . . — Map (db m52128) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Emmanuel Episcopal Church — National Historic Landmark
Has Been Designated A National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America. Henry Hobson Richardson, one of America's premier architects, designed this church (1884). . . . — Map (db m65167) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Forbes Road — 1758 — Fort Bedford to Fort Duquesne
Fort Duquesne End of Forbes Road Occupied by General Forbes November 25, 1758 and by him named Pittsburgh. His victory determined the destiny of the Great West and established Anglo-Saxon supremacy in the United States. "His name . . . — Map (db m42022) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Forks of the Ohio Fort Pitt Blockhouse — National Historic Landmark
(Right side of entrance) Forks of the Ohio Fort Pitt Block House has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America

(Left . . . — Map (db m40336) HM

Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Henry Clay Frick — (1849-1919)
Pittsburgh industrialist and philanthropist, Frick was instrumental in the organization of the coke and steel industries. His controversial management style while chairman of Carnegie Steel led to the bloody Homestead Strike in 1892. — Map (db m40939) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Historic Site in Journalism
John Scull in 1786 was the first editor to have type and press transported through the rough wilderness to establish a newspaper west of the major Allegheny Range. The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette is the direct descendent of the Gazette which Scull . . . — Map (db m44579) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Jones and Laughlin
The partnership between Jones & Laughlin combined the skills of an older financial genius with those of a brilliant young entrepreneur. Before the Civil War, Jones established a rolling mill on the South Side, and Laughlin subsequently built an iron . . . — Map (db m100349) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Linwood Apartments — Historic Landmark
Linwood Apartments Built c. 1907 Frederick G. Scheibler, Jr., Architect — Map (db m65136) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Martha Graham — (1894-1991)
Born near here, dancer, choreographer, and teacher Martha Graham created a modern and unique movement style. In 1927, she founded her School of Contemporary Dance, revolutionizing the art of modern dance with innovative works such as . . . — Map (db m42222) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Mary Cassatt — (1844-1926)
Born near here, Cassatt studied art in Europe. She lived in Paris, befriended by the Impressionist painter Degas. She was an innovative painter, printmaker, and etcher and is noted for her works depicting women and children. — Map (db m40177) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Merchants Savings & Trust Company — 1902-1983
"The Merchants Savings & Trust Company failed to open for business today. I.C. Swigart, State Bank Examiner, took over the bank, at 1410 Fifth Avenue, to protect depositors, he announced. While a few days ago the bank was believed able to continue . . . — Map (db m96369) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Protest Against Removing War Munitions
On this site A mass meeting was held December 27th, 1860 to protest against removing war munitions from the Allegheny Arsenal to the south. The order was countermanded by president James Buchanan. — Map (db m66450) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Riverview United Presbyterian Church — Historic Landmark
Riverview United Presbyterian Church Originally Watson Memorial Presbyterian Church Allison & Allison, Architects, 1907 — Map (db m67175) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Salk Polio Vaccine
Pioneering research here at the University of Pittsburgh's Virus Research Laboratory from 1948 to 1955 produced the world's first polio vaccine. Led by Dr. Jonas Salk, researchers' innovations resulted in a breakthrough that was announced on April . . . — Map (db m40907) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Shadyside Iron Furnace
Built on lowlands here in 1792. Birth of the iron industry in the Pittsburgh region. It made stove and grate castings. Closed about a year later due to lack of ore and wood. — Map (db m46529) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Site of Bear Tavern — Historic Landmark
Site of Bear Tavern 1827 Oyster House c.1871-1971 — Map (db m67186) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Smithfield Street Bridge
The Smithfield Street Bridge is America's oldest steel truss bridge and an International Engineering Landmark, as well as on the National Register as a Historic Landmark. Gustav Lindenthal, the "Dean of Bridge Engineers," designed the bridge in . . . — Map (db m99448) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — The Granite Building — Historic Landmark
Granite Building Originally German National Bank Charles Bickel & J.P. Brennan, architects 1889-90 — Map (db m74767) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — The Highwood — Historic Landmark
The Highwood 1929-1930 R. Garey Dickson, Architect — Map (db m65146) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — The MonCon Railroad — Materials on the Move — Rivers of Steel National Heritage Area
In 1885, the Monongahela Connecting Railroad (MonCon) was chartered as a subsidiary of Jones & Laughlin's, Ltd. Rail lines were built on both the northern and southern sides of the river. At this time, the only connection between the plants was a . . . — Map (db m94101) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — The Three Sisters Bridges — Three Rivers Heritage Trail
The three identical bridges spanning the Allegheny River are the only known example of a triple set of bridges constructed side-by-side across a major river. They were built between 1926 and 1928 when the War Department ruled that bridges over . . . — Map (db m74213) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Timber Court
Timber Court was built in 1880 as a lumber mill. Many of the houses constructed in Old Allegheny on the North Side of Pittsburgh used lumber milled at Timber Court. In 1983, WTW Architects designed the transformation of Timber Court into an . . . — Map (db m82415) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Union Trust Company-Lawyers Title Building — Historic Landmark
Union Trust Co.-Lawyers Title Building D.H. Burnham & Co., Architects, 1898 — Map (db m67189) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — University of Pittsburgh
First institution of higher education west of the Alleghenies and north of the Ohio River. Founded in 1787 as the Pittsburgh Academy, it became the Western University of Pennsylvania in 1819. Present name was adopted in 1908. — Map (db m40914) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Sewickley — Allegheny Country Club — Historic Landmark
Allegheny Country Club 1902 William Ross Proctor, Architect — Map (db m78418) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), West Mifflin — Braddock's Crossing
Below this hill, about midday on July 9, 1755, a British army of 1300 made its second crossing of the river and advanced to drive the French from Fort Duquesne. A few hours later, with General Braddock mortally wounded and his army routed, survivors . . . — Map (db m43811) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Wexford — Elias Fry Barn
Pennsylvania bank barn named after Philip Elias Fry (1868-1946), a highly skilled carpenter who built many barns in Marshall Township. Donated by Claude and James Herbert and moved to this site in 1992 from Adoph and Bertha's Frye's former farm on . . . — Map (db m87213) HM
Pennsylvania (Armstrong County), Brick Church — Cochran Mills Bridge
In 1800, not too far from here along Cherry Run, George Painter built the first gristmill in Burrell Township. By 1804 he had relocated the mill to this site on Crooked Creek and added a sawmill. The mills changed hands several times and by 1822 a . . . — Map (db m74142) HM
Pennsylvania (Armstrong County), Kittanning — Blanket Hill
So named for the blankets left by the Armstrong expedition after destroying Kittanning. Here also was a stopping point of the troops on September 7, 1756 en route to attack the Indians. — Map (db m47559) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Aliquippa — Ohio United Presbyterian Church
Founded in 1799 as the Flaugherty Run Congregation, the group met in tents or barns at various sites, in 1828 the tent was moved to the village of Scottsville. Erected in 1831 the first church was named for the Ohio River. The present church was . . . — Map (db m45776) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Ambridge — Old Economy
Third and last home, 1825-1905, of the Harmony Society, religious community founded by George Rapp in 1805. — Map (db m40245) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Ambridge — Old Economy Memorial
Maintained by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission as a State memorial to the Harmony Society Organized February 15, 1805 Dissolved December 15, 1905 These buildings erected 1824-1831, . . . — Map (db m40721) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Baden — Legionville Monument
. . . — Map (db m40300) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Baden — Logstown
A short distance southeast of this spot, along the banks of the river, was situated the village of Logstown one of the largest Indian settlements on the upper Ohio. It was the scene of many important conferences between the French, the British and . . . — Map (db m56580) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Beaver — Fort McIntosh
The first United States military post north of the Ohio. Located on River Road, in the area between Bank, Insurance, and Market Streets. Built in 1778 and scene of Treaty of Fort McIntosh in 1785; also a survey base. Abandoned in 1791. — Map (db m40235) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Bridgewater — Saint John A.M.E. Church
The church was founded in 1830 by former slaves and was first black organization in Beaver County Built on Mulberry Street in 1880. Destroyed by fire in 1900 and rebuilt in 1902. It was damaged severely by the 1936 flood. The present church was . . . — Map (db m45794) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Darlington — Buttonwood
Built in 1840 by Reverend Arthur B. Bradford, descendant of William Bradford of the Mayflower. Powerful abolishinist, consul to China, prolific author, minister, and a founder of the Free Presbyterian Church. Many famous abolishinists met here in . . . — Map (db m49420) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Darlington — Foulks-Martin-Watts Mill and Bridge
George Foulks frontiersman built saw and gristmaills. Jesse Martin owned for some years. Reuben Watt and sons James and Thomas also ran it. The iron bridge placed on National Register June 22, 1988. — Map (db m62684) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Homewood — The Homewood Iron Furnace
During the term of Thomas Jefferson, the Embargo Act of 1807 was passed ending the importation of iron from England and Europe. Iron furnaces sprang up immediately in western Pennsylvania to supply the needs of the pioneers and cash-in on the high . . . — Map (db m79940) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Hookstown — Mill Creek
Mill Creek was an important part of pioneer life during the early settlement of Hookstown and the surrounding area. Numerous saw mills, woolen mills and grain mills utilized the water power of Mill Creek to operate, thus the basis for its name. — Map (db m53892) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), New Brighton — Grove Cemetery
Incorporated 1859 Daugherty / Pulaski Twps non-profit - non-denominational. Here rest the founding fathers, noted leaders, family loved ones, veterans serving from the Revolutionary to the present. A Civil War Soldiers Monument "Where Past and . . . — Map (db m50288) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), North Sewickley — Providence Baptist Church
This is the oldest Baptist Church in Beaver County, organized November 14, 1801. Elder Henry Spear, a Baptist preacher, delivered the first sermon in the log cabin home of brother Ezekiel Jones and his wife Hannah. Twenty-one pioneer folk attended. — Map (db m49414) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Rochester — Junction Park — (1901-1964)
Built by Beaver Valley Traction Company to increase trolley ridership. 2 roller coasters, carousel, diner theatre, dance hall, dark ride, and grandstands with a racetrack and ballfields. In 1929 an Olympic pool was added. The rides were gone by 1941 . . . — Map (db m51428) HM
Pennsylvania (Bedford County), Bedford — This Tablet Marks The Site of Fort Bedford
This tablet erected by Bedford Penn'a Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution May 30, 1925 Marks the site of Fort Bedford One of the Frontier Forts built by the British in 1758 The stockade enclosing the fort contained about 7000 square . . . — Map (db m60119) HM
Pennsylvania (Berks County), Reading — William Strong
Eminent jurist; Member State Supreme Court, 1857-1868; Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of U.S., 1870-80; Member Electoral Commission, 1877. His law office and home stood on this site. Died, 1895. — Map (db m71372) HM
Pennsylvania (Blair County), Altoona — Isaac Charles Mishler — (1862-1944)
Lancaster native and Altoona businessman and promoter. Built and managed theaters in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. In 1906, he built the opulent Mishler Theater here for stage shows, musical performances, live theater, and vaudeville. — Map (db m52345) HM
Pennsylvania (Blair County), Hollidaysburg — Frankstown
The site, prior to 1748, of a Delaware-Shawnee village called Assunepachla. Here the trader, Frank Stevens, had a fur post as early as 1734. The Kittanning Path led through here. — Map (db m52349) HM
Pennsylvania (Bucks County), Newtown — The First Weather Satellite
The world's 1st experimental and operational weather satellite, TIROS 1, was manufactured here by Lavelle Aircraft Corp. in 1960. Pioneering satellite TV techniques, TIROS recorded the 1st TV image from space. Its success led to improved satellites . . . — Map (db m31157) HM
Pennsylvania (Butler County), Mars — Venango Path
A major Indian path between the Forks of the Ohio (now Pittsburgh) and the Seneca town of Venango (now Franklin) passed through here. On December 27, 1753, George Washington came this way with frontier scout Christopher Gist as they returned from . . . — Map (db m40356) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Ebensburg — Cambria County
Formed March 26, 1804 out of Huntingdon and Somerset counties. Its name, dating from Roman Britain, means "Wales." County seat, Ebensburg, was incorporated 1825. Famed Portage Railroad extended west to Johnstown. Birthplace of Rear Admiral Robert E. . . . — Map (db m52728) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Gallitzin — Lemon House
Built in 1830 by Samuel Lemon. Standing at head of Plane Number 6 of Allegheny Portage Railroad, it served for many years as a station and as a resting place for travelers. House is visible 75 yards north of highway. — Map (db m52471) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Portage — Allegheny Portage Railroad Plane No. 2
From 1834 to 1854 this 36-mile line connected Hollidaysburg to Johnstown. The railroad portaged canal boats over the Allegheny Mountains, which formed a barrier to the Pennsylvania canal system. Horses and mules pulled the first trains. Later steam . . . — Map (db m65079) HM
Pennsylvania (Cameron County), Emporium — Cameron County
Formed March 29, 1860 from Clinton, McKean, Potter and Elk counties. Named for Sen. Simon Cameron. County seat, Emporium, was incorporated 1864. Lumbering was of early importance, and flagstone at Tomb of the Unknown Soldier was later quarried here. — Map (db m65621) HM
Pennsylvania (Centre County), Bellefonte — John Montgomery Ward — (1860-1925)
Baseball pioneer, born in Bellefonte, grew up here. Played for Providence, N.Y. Giants, Brooklyn, 1878-94. Pitched professional baseball's 2nd perfect game, 1880. Formed first players ' union, 1885, & Players' League, 1890. In Baseball Hall of Fame. — Map (db m65582) HM
Pennsylvania (Centre County), Howard — William F. Packer
The newspaper editor and publisher, and Governor of the Commonwealth, 1858-61, was born April 2, 1807, in a house which stood nearby. He died, 1870, in Williamsport and is chiefly remembered for his interest in improved transportation facilities. — Map (db m65603) HM
Pennsylvania (Centre County), University Park — Big Ten
On June 4, 1990, the Big Ten Conference admitted Penn State as its eleventh member. Established in 1895 as one of the nation's first intercollegiate athletic organizations, the conference instituted a blueprint for the control and administration of . . . — Map (db m65589) HM
Pennsylvania (Centre County), University Park — Champions for Equality
Demonstrating that sport can be a powerful force for social change, Penn State led the way in breaking the color barrier in intercollegiate football in the south. By the players' own decision, the team refused an offer to play a segregated deep . . . — Map (db m65590) HM
Pennsylvania (Clarion County), Perry — Rural Electrification
In 1936 seventy-five percent of Pennsylvania farms had no electric service. During the next five years, with Federal support, 14 consumer-owned cooperatives were formed in this State. Serving users in seven counties of western Pennsylvania, Central . . . — Map (db m64235) HM
Pennsylvania (Clearfield County), Clearfield — Senator William W. Betts
This site was the home of Senator Betts (1838-1896) and his wife Margaret Irvin, (1839-1910) of Curwensville. Senator Betts was the son of Rev. Frederick Gregory Betts. He and his son, William Irvin Betts, were one of the first fathers and sons from . . . — Map (db m65571) HM
Pennsylvania (Clinton County), Avis — Tiadaghton Elm
Under this huge Elm, July 4, 1776, resolves declaring independence were drawn, prior to news of action by Congress at Philadelphia. This was an expression of the spirit common to the frontier and led by the famous Fair Play men. — Map (db m65556) HM
Pennsylvania (Clinton County), Lock Haven — Clinton County
Formed on June 21, 1839 out of Lycoming and Centre counties. Named probably for New York's Gov. DeWitt Clinton. Site of "Tiadaghton Declaration of Independence," 1776. In 19th century a lumbering center. Lock Haven, the county seat, became a city in . . . — Map (db m65547) HM
Pennsylvania (Clinton County), Renove — Simeon & Susannah Pfoutz — 1781-1856 1794-1848
In memory of Simeon Pfoutz and wife Susannah, first white settlers on Kettle Creek. He selected this site in 1813, cleared the land, built a log house, went to Perry Co. for his wife, two year old son Simon, and returned in 1814 to spend the rest of . . . — Map (db m65554) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Hartstown — Erie Extension Canal
Cut off from the rest of Pymatuning Swamp by a 3-mile bank, this became the 600-acre "Pymatuning Reservoir" of the canal, which lay at its western edge. Begun by the State, 1838; finished by the Erie Canal Company, 1843-44. — Map (db m60437) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Boiling Springs — Daniel Kaufman
An Underground Railroad agent from 1835 to 1847, when he was sued by a Maryland slave owner. He was ultimately fined $4,000 in 1852, in a case that drew wide attention. Kaufman had provided food and transportation to fugitive slaves passing through . . . — Map (db m26999) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Dr. Benjamin Rush — Founder of Dickinson College
Entering this gateway to Dickinson College, you can see the statue of the college's founder, Dr. Benjamin Rush (1745-1813). The bronze statue, which was erected in 2004, is a replica of a statue unveiled 100 years earlier at the Navy's Bureau of . . . — Map (db m82795) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Forbes Road — Raystown Path
To capture Fort Duquesne, General Forbes marched an army, in 1758, from his main base at Carlisle to the forks of the Ohio. He followed as closely as he could with army wagons, the Raystown Indian and traders Path, widened by axemen under Colonel . . . — Map (db m30322) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — The Carlisle Indian Industrial School
This school was the model for a nationwide system of boarding schools intended to assimilate American Indians into mainstream culture. Over 10,000 indigenous children attended the school between 1879 and 1918. Despite idealistic beginnings, the . . . — Map (db m30289) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), New Kingstown — Reformed Presbyterian Church
On August 23, 1752, Scottish Covenanter Presbyterians held their first recorded Communion in the New World here at Joseph and Elizabeth Junkin's farm. A scattered community of 250 worshippers attended this nine-hour outdoor service at the . . . — Map (db m82797) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Newville — First United Presbyterian Church and Manse
In June of 1762 a representative from the Big Spring Associate Presbyterian congregation was "craving support of sermon" from Presbytery. This congregation first worshiped on the east side of the Big Spring. Known as the "the tent," their house of . . . — Map (db m92622) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Newville — On This Spot Were Found
On This Spot Were Found Three Babes in the Woods Nov. - 24 - 1934 — Map (db m100760) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Shippensburg — Shippensburg
Settled about 1733 Laid out by and named for Edward Shippen •1703-1781• Merchant Mayor of Philadelphia Later a resident of Lancaster Paymaster in the Forbes Expedition A founder and trustee of Princeton University Grandson of Edward . . . — Map (db m92623) HM
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — Underground Railroad
In the 1850's this area, known as Tanner's Alley, was important on the Underground Railroad. Fugitive slaves hid at Joseph Bustill's & William Jones's houses, a block apart. Frederick Douglass & William Lloyd Garrison spoke at Wesley Union AME Zion . . . — Map (db m6693) HM
Pennsylvania (Erie County), Corry — Joshua M. Merrill — (1828-1904)
Lead chemist and manager of Downer Oil Works, built nearby in 1862 following discovery of oil near Titusville. Merrill’s refining breakthroughs included an illuminating oil safer than kerosene for use on railroads and steamships and in factories. He . . . — Map (db m64577) HM
Pennsylvania (Erie County), Corry — Oil Creek Railroad
Open 1862, this railroad revolutionized the shipment of oil from the oil fields near Titusville to Corry, a hub for major rail lines. The 27-mile line rendered dangerous and wasteful waterway transport, as well as labor intensive horse-drawn wagons, . . . — Map (db m64578) HM
Pennsylvania (Erie County), Erie — Erie County
Formed March 12, 1800 from Allegheny County. Named for Lake Erie, which took its own name from the Erie Indians. Erie, the county seat, was laid out 1795; made a city in 1851. Ships of Perry's fleet which won the 1813 Battle of Lake Erie were built . . . — Map (db m41035) HM
Pennsylvania (Erie County), Girard — Circus History
America's most famous clown of the Nineteenth Century, Dan Rice (1823-1900), had the winter quarters of his circus in Girard from 1852 to 1875. The nearby Soldiers' Monument was donated by the versatile clown and showman, whose home stood opposite. — Map (db m84770) HM
Pennsylvania (Erie County), North Springfield — Old State Line
The northern boundary of Pennsylvania, before the purchase of the Erie Triangle in 1792, crossed the highway at this point. The state paid $151,640.25 for the Erie tract and its port on the Lakes. — Map (db m84767) HM
Pennsylvania (Erie County), Wattsburg — Old State Line
The northern boundary of Pennsylvania, before the purchase of the Erie Triangle in 1792, crossed the highway at this point. The state paid $151,640.25 for the Erie tract and its port on the Lakes. — Map (db m64582) HM
Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Brownsville — Steamboat Enterprise/Boatbuilding Center
Steamboat Enterprise Fourth steamboat built in Western Pennsylvania, Bridgeport, 1814. Engine design by Daniel French. Captain Henry M. Shreve, commanding. Steamed to New Orleans, Fall, 1814 and returned June 1815. First steamboat to ascend the . . . — Map (db m41775) HM
Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Grindstone — 2 — National Road
Our first national road; fathered by Albert Gallatin. Begun in 1811 at Cumberland, Md.; completed to Wheeling in 1818. Toll road under State control, 1835-1905. Rebuilt, it is present U.S. Route 40. — Map (db m256) HM
Pennsylvania (Forest County), Marienville — Pigeon
The name of this town recalls the now-extinct passenger pigeon, which in vast flights nested in the beech groves of this area. The nestlings were taken as food each spring by the Seneca Indians. — Map (db m59084) HM
Pennsylvania (Forest County), Tionesta — Damascus
Later name of Zeisberger's "Lower Town," located on opposite side of river here. Residence of a Seneca sentinel chief at the time. Town name was taken from the Munsee word. "muskrat". — Map (db m39877) HM
Pennsylvania (Forest County), West Hickory — Goschgoschink
Name applied at the time of Zeisberger's arrival in 1767 to all three of the refugee Indian towns. Later the name was given to "Upper Town," located across the river at this point. — Map (db m39878) HM
Pennsylvania (Forest County), West Hickory — Hickory Town
Site across the river of Zeisberger's "Middle Town," later called Hickory Town. Here his noted dispute with Wangomen took place in 1767. Here too ended Indian paths from the south, by which trade goods were obtained. — Map (db m39879) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Fort McDowell
John McDowell's mill, stockaded in 1755 by local settlers. Used by Provincial authorities until building of Fort Loudon, 1756. Starting point of Col. Burd's road to the West, 1755. — Map (db m8044) HM
Pennsylvania (Fulton County), McConnellsburg — Gettysburg Campaign
Three times occupied by Southern invaders, chiefly cavalry: June 19, 1863, by Gen. A.G. Jenkins; June 24-26, by Gen. G.H. Steuart; and June 29, after a brief clash with Union troops, by Gen. J.D. Imboden. — Map (db m82783) HM
Pennsylvania (Greene County), Garards Fort — Rev. John Corbley — (1733 - 1803)
A noted Baptist minister serving area congregations, Corbley was among some 150 men arrested by federal troops on the “Dreadful Night" of November 13, 1794. A vocal opponent of the excise tax on whiskey, he was the area’s best known . . . — Map (db m47891) HM
Pennsylvania (Greene County), Graysville — The Church - "New Brick"
The Church Unity Presbyterian Church, "Mother Presbyterian Church of Greene County, Pennsylvania" was organized August 27, 1814 at home of David Gray under direction of Reverend John Anderson and Reverend Joseph Stevenson, appointed by . . . — Map (db m56951) HM
Pennsylvania (Greene County), Greensboro — Greensboro
On a site originally called "Delight" by Mingo Indians, Greensboro was founded by Elias Stone in 1790. It became prominent as a frontier-era industrial hub with Albert Gallatin's Glassworks and a number of pottery factories, and later as a . . . — Map (db m69904) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Huntingdon — J. Simpson Africa — 1832-1900
No man has contributed more to the preservation of Huntingdon County history than J. Simpson Africa, who resided here while compiling his monumental History of Huntingdon & Blair Counties in 1888. Lot#16, on which this building stands, was . . . — Map (db m95204) HM
Pennsylvania (Indiana County), Indiana — Indiana County
Formed March 30, 1803 from Westmoreland and Lycoming counties, and once densely forested. Its name memorializes the first inhabitants. County seat, Indiana, was laid out 1805 on land given by George Clymer, signer of the Declaration of Independence. — Map (db m40564) HM
Pennsylvania (Indiana County), Indiana — Rural Electrification
In 1936 seventy-five percent of Pennsylvania farms had no electric service. During the next five years, with Federal support, 14 consumer-owned cooperatives were formed in this State. Southwest Central Rural Electric Cooperative Corporation, serving . . . — Map (db m40568) HM
Pennsylvania (Lawrence County), Edinburg — Harbor Creek
Northern terminus, Beaver Division of Pennsylvania Canal system, completed to this point, 1834. Important shipping point before completing "Cross-Cut Canal" to Ohio, 1838, and Erie Extension to Greenville, 1840. — Map (db m51143) HM
Pennsylvania (Lawrence County), New Castle — C. Frederick Post
Sent by Provincial officials to draw Indian friendship away from the French, the Moravian missionary held councils at Kuskuskies Towns, August to November, 1758. His work, and the threat of General Forbes' army, forced the French to leave . . . — Map (db m52131) HM
Pennsylvania (Lawrence County), New Castle — Lawrence County
Formed March 20, 1849 from Beaver and Mercer counties. Its name honors naval hero Captain James Lawrence. County seat, New Castle was laid out in 1802. Between 1890 and 1920 it was one of America's fastest growing cities and center of the tin-plate . . . — Map (db m40218) HM
Pennsylvania (McKean County), Kane — Dr. Edward H. McCleery — (1867-1962)
A medical doctor by profession, McCleery established a wolf park nearby to breed and care for lobo wolves, a subspecies of gray wolf. Subject to a 1920s elimination program, this wolf was saved from extinction through his efforts. The park served as . . . — Map (db m96051) HM
Pennsylvania (Mercer County), Charleston — Clay Furnace
First successful use of raw bituminous coal in place of charcoal, 1846; and of unmixed Lake Superior iron ore in 1856. Built 1845 by Vincent and Himrod; named for Henry Clay. Abandoned in 1861. The site is 2 miles away. — Map (db m41590) HM
Pennsylvania (Mercer County), Mercer — The Mercer Soldiers Orphans School
In memory of The Mercer Soldiers Orphans School Mercer, Pennsylvania Opened in 1868 Closed in 1889 Maintained by the State of Pennsylvania for the purpose of providing a home and education for the children of her soldiers and sailors who . . . — Map (db m41604) HM
Pennsylvania (Potter County), Austin — The Bayless Pulp and Paper Mill — (1900-1944)
In 1900 on this lot, George C. Bayless of Binghamton, NY. began construction of a large pulp and paper mill. Originally constructed for a daily capacity of 50-ton, in later years it had at times, an output of 70-ton of paper per day. By 1910 the . . . — Map (db m65536) HM
Pennsylvania (Potter County), Genesee — Pennsylvania
Founded 1681 by William Penn as a Quaker Commonwealth. Birthplace of THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE and THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES. — Map (db m42921) HM
Pennsylvania (Somerset County), Berlin — General Robert Philson — 1759-1831
Active in and arrested during the Whiskey Rebellion - 1794 Member of the PA. Assembly - 1798 Commissioned Associate Judge of Somerset Co. 1800. Served 20 years Commissioned Brigadier General of PA. Militia May 9, 1800 Served in the War . . . — Map (db m82059) HM
Pennsylvania (Somerset County), Stoystown — Forbes Road — Stony Creek Encampment
A fortified supply depot known as the Stony Creek encampment or fort was a little north of here. The route then leads north to the foot of Laurel Hill, the site of Tomahawk camp. — Map (db m60109) HM
Pennsylvania (Tioga County), Wellsboro — Pine Creek Path
A Seneca trail from the Genesee to the Susquehanna at Jersey Shore, forked one mile south of here. One branch ran through the gorge of Pine Creek; the other crossed the hills, following Darling Run and Babb Creek back to Pine Creek at Blackwell. — Map (db m43211) HM
Pennsylvania (Venango County), Emlenton — Railroad Supplies The Area's Needs
The Allegheny Valley Railroad, later a branch of the Pennsylvania Railroad, reached Emlenton in 1867. Local merchants soon availed themselves of the freight services bringing goods from all parts of the country. Daily merchandise trains brought . . . — Map (db m78850) HM
Pennsylvania (Venango County), Franklin — Galena-Signal Oil Company
Founded 1865. Under the leadership of Charles Miller and Joseph Sibley, it produced high-quality lubricants used by most United States railroads. Purchased 1878 by John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil, which used Galena-Signal products to gain . . . — Map (db m42939) HM
Pennsylvania (Venango County), Franklin — Major General Jesse L. Reno — (1823-1862)
Jesse Reno's boyhood home was here where his father, Lewis, operated a hotel. He left in 1842 to enter the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, graduating in 1846 as a Second Lieutanant in the Ordnance Corps. After distinguishing himself in the . . . — Map (db m74627) HM
Pennsylvania (Venango County), Oil City — Col. Francis "Gabby" Gabreski — (1919-2002)
A US Air Force pilot, he was a leading fighter ace during WWII and the Korean War. He taught fighter tactics to his pilots as squadron commander. He was highly decorated by the US and its allied partners. The son of Polish immigrants, he was born . . . — Map (db m59074) HM
Pennsylvania (Venango County), Oil City — Joseph Reid Gas Engine Company
Founded in Oil City, 1894, it produced engines for pumping oil wells. Its popular single piston engine was used worldwide by the oil industry. The company closed in 1939. — Map (db m42928) HM
Pennsylvania (Warren County), Spring Creek — Robert Houghwout Jackson — (1892-1954)
Lawyer & jurist. Chief U.S. prosecutor, Nuremberg war crimes trials in Germany after World War II. Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court, 1941-54; noted for his defense of civil liberties. Served in President Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration . . . — Map (db m64968) HM
Pennsylvania (Warren County), Warren — Conewango
Mid-18th century Seneca village located on site of present Warren. First mentioned by Bonnecamps, in 1749, as composed of 12 or 13 cabins. Name in Iroquois means "below the riffles." — Map (db m59123) HM
Pennsylvania (Warren County), Youngsville — In 1795, Darius and Joseph Mead
Sons of Darius, came from the Mead Settlement, now Meadville, Pennsylvania into the wilderness of the Brokenstraw Valley. One mile west on the banks of the Brokenstraw Creek they built the first grist mill in Warren County. These mill stones are the . . . — Map (db m96052) HM
Pennsylvania (Washington County), Avella — Meadowcroft Rockshelter
A deeply stratified archaeological site, its deposits span nearly 16,000 years. Discovered in 1973 by Albert Miller and excavated by University of Pittsburgh archaeologists. Meadowcroft revealed North America's earliest known evidence of human . . . — Map (db m40403) HM
Pennsylvania (Washington County), California — California Boatyards
A major steamboat building center on the Monongahela, 1852-1879. No fewer than 131 boats were constructed here (74 in the 1850s alone), primarily for the western river trade. The boatyards ceased operations when the railroad (PV and C) acquired the . . . — Map (db m41783) HM
Pennsylvania (Washington County), California — Joseph A.“Jock” Yablonski — (1910-1969)
A longtime resident of California and elected official of the United Mine Workers of America. He led efforts to improve working conditions for coal miners. On December 31, 1969—shortly after his defeat as a reform candidate for president of . . . — Map (db m346) HM
Pennsylvania (Washington County), Donora — Cement City
Located four blocks to the west. Built 1916-1917 as housing for employees at American Steel and Wire's Donora plant. A community of 100 units in 80 Prairie-style buildings, noted for the innovative use of poured-in-place concrete construction. One . . . — Map (db m45008) HM
Pennsylvania (Washington County), Monongahela — Jackie Ormes — (1911-1985)
The first black woman to be a nationally syndicated cartoonist in the US, and for many years, the only one. Beginning in 1937, her comics were published in African American newspapers, the Pittsburgh Courier and Chicago Defender. Her . . . — Map (db m98348) HM
Pennsylvania (Washington County), Washington — Bradford House
Built in 1788 by David Bradford, leader of the Whiskey Rebellion in 1794. Occupied by him until he fled to Spanish West Florida after the collapse of the Rebellion. — Map (db m40400) HM
Pennsylvania (Washington County), Washington — Gantz Oil Well
Site of first oil well in Washington County. Oil was struck in Dec., 1884. First oil was shipped in 1885; last oil was pumped about 1916. This well led to the development of the Washington oil field. — Map (db m819) HM
Pennsylvania (Washington County), Washington — Washington and Jefferson College
Chartered history begins with the founding of Washington Academy in 1787. Section of the Administration Building erected, 1793. Washington College (1806) and Jefferson College (1802) united in March, 1865. — Map (db m58623) HM
Pennsylvania (Washington County), West Middletown — Ralston Thresher
Nearby was the site of the Robert McClure factory of pre-Civil War days. It pioneered in making Andrew Ralston's machine cleaning and threshing grain in a single operation, patented in 1842. — Map (db m40404) HM
Pennsylvania (Westmoreland County), Greensburg — Toll House
Just northeast of here stood 1 of 5 gates of Greensburg-Pittsburgh Turnpike Road Company The turnpike, a section of the Pittsburgh-Philadelphia road, was completed in 1817. Over it, passed goods in trade between east and west. — Map (db m47959) HM
Pennsylvania (Westmoreland County), Latrobe — The Banana Split
In 1904 in Latrobe, the first documented Banana Split was created by apprentice pharmacist David Strickler-sold here at the former Tassell Pharmacy. Bananas became widely available to Americans in the late 1800s. Strickler capitalized on this by . . . — Map (db m68062) HM
Pennsylvania (Westmoreland County), Ligonier — Bullet's Defeat
French and Indian troops defeated a party of 100 Virginians under the command of Captain Thomas Bullet near here on May 22, 1759. Bullet and his troops were taking provisions from Bedford to Fort Ligonier when they were attacked. They suffered over . . . — Map (db m68064) HM
Pennsylvania (Westmoreland County), Smithton — Darr Mine Disaster
On December 19, 1907, an explosion killed 239 men and boys, many Hungarian immigrants, in Darr coal mine near Van Meter. Some were from the closed Naomi mine, near Fayette City, which exploded on Dec. 1, killing 34. Over 3000 miners died in December . . . — Map (db m54926) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Northern Limit of Old Norfolk
This marks the Northern limit of the fifty acres constituting the original town of Norfolk. It was bounded on the North by Town Back Creek and Dun-In-The-Mire Creek. The land was purchased as a port for lower Norfolk county for “tenn thousand . . . — Map (db m3367) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Lake of the Woods — Battle of the Wilderness
On This Site Stood a Union 6th Corps Field Hospital On Spotswood's Farm were 4 Medical Wagons, 14 Six-Mule Wagons, 24 Tents, 3 Medical Officers and 34 Attendants, in addition to about 15 Ambulances and 80 Men from the Corp's Ambulance Company. . . . — Map (db m64981) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Q-8-M — Crawford House
Erected 1835 by J.W. Collins, Portsmouth’s first five-story building and for many years a leading hotel. Presidents Van Buren, Tyler, and Fillmore were entertained here. — Map (db m20461) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — K-265 — Fort Nelson
On the site of Portsmouth’s Naval Hospital stood Fort Nelson. There, Virginia’s Revolutionary government late in 1776 constructed the fort of timber and rammed earth. Three years later, the British fleet commanded by Admiral Sir George Collier . . . — Map (db m21145) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Gosport Shipyard
Gosport Shipyard, which later became a United States Naval Shipyard, was established in 1787 by Andrew Sprowle. In 1833 the first drydock in the United States was opened in this yard. — Map (db m71720) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Revolutionary War at Portsmouth
In October 1775, Virginia’s last royal governor, the Earl of Dunmore, made his headquarters at Gosport, one mile south of here. After his defeat at Great Bridge and the destruction of Norfolk, he entrenched at Hospital Point, one mile north, but was . . . — Map (db m20432) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — K-268 — The Battle of Craney Island
On the morning of June 22, 1813, during the War of 1812, British naval and marine forces under the command of Admiral Sir John Borlase Warren landed here at Hoffler Creek. American armed militia under the command of Gen. Robert B. Taylor blocked the . . . — Map (db m22154) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — The Commodore Theatre
Opened on November 14, 1945, the Commodore Theatre was designed by noted Baltimore architect John J. Zink and built and operated by William S. "Bunkie" Wilder, a Portsmouth native, as his flagship theatre. It is named for Commodore James Barron, . . . — Map (db m20465) HM
West Virginia (Brooke County), Colliers — St. John's Episcopal Church
Founded in 1793 by Joseph Doddridge. It is the first Episcopal Church west of the Alleghenies and the oldest continuous worshipping congregation within this religious body in West Virginia. The first church, made of logs, was burned by Indians. . . . — Map (db m79897) HM
West Virginia (Hancock County), New Cumberland — Captain John Porter / Chelsea China Company
Side A:Captain John Porter(August 7, 1838 - February 7, 1893) Early developer of New Cumberland, he operated line of steamboats and barges on Ohio River, Chelsea China Company and glass plants. Known as "brick king" he owned Sligo, . . . — Map (db m44121) HM
West Virginia (Hancock County), New Cumberland — New Cumberland
Near New Cumberland, George Chapman settled, about 1783, and built an Indian fort. Here are graves of the Chapmans, Gregorys, Graftons, and other pioneer families. Pughtown, settled about 1810, was the first county seat. — Map (db m44130) HM
West Virginia (Marshall County), Benwood — Benwood Mine Disaster
Nearby mine supplied coal to large Wheeling Steel mill. An explosion here, 28 April 1924, resulted in third worst mine disaster in state history. 119 miners, many natives of Poland, Italy and Greece, were killed. There were no survivors. Led to mine . . . — Map (db m59838) HM
West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Gibson-Linn
Among many daring frontier exploits was the journey of Captain George Gibson and Lieutenant William Linn to New Orleans, 1776-77. Despite danger and opposition, they secured powder for use of Fort Henry against the Indians. — Map (db m79896) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Riverton — Tuscarora (Clinton) Sand
The massive vertical sandstone forming Judy Rocks is the Tuscarora of the driller and geologist. The "Tuscarora (Clinton) Sand" yields some gas although it is largely untested in West Virginia. — Map (db m80415) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Bartow — West Virginia / Virginia
(West Virginia Side):West Virginia (Pocahontas County)"The Mountain State" ~ western part of the Commonwealth of Virginia until June 20, 1863. Settled by the Germans and Scotch-Irish. It became a line of defense between the English and . . . — Map (db m32908) HM
West Virginia (Tyler County), Sistersville — Wells Family Cemetery
Located near here are the graves of Sistersville founder Charles Wells and many of his descendants. Used from 1815 to 1925, the site includes 46 known graves, most from the 1800s. In 1832, Charles' son Eli built the home 'Welkin', with its fine . . . — Map (db m80254) HM
Wisconsin (Ozaukee County), Port Washington — Port Washington State Bank Centennial Pavilion
The dream of Clarence Hill and George Henry was realized when on Sept. 11, 1899, they opened the doors of their new bank at 206 N. Franklin St. Hill came to the city from Manitowoc, where he helped organize the First National Bank in 1894, and where . . . — Map (db m88788) HM

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