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George Ross Marker image, Touch for more information
By Mike Wintermantel, May 19, 2012
George Ross Marker
Louisiana (Bossier Parish), Barksdale AFB — Major General Lewis Elton Lyle — United States Air Force
Lewis Elton Lyle, a native of Pine Bluff, Arkansas and a graduate of Ouachita College, earned his wings in the 41-I class at Brooks Field, Texas. Assigned to the 303rd Bombardment Group upon activation of the 8th Air Force, he and his crew flew his . . . — Map (db m109687) HM WM
Louisiana (Caddo Parish), Shreveport — Old CNB Building
Built 1910 to house Commercial National Bank. Designed by architect firm of Stern & Mann of Little Rock, Ark. Tallest building in city when completed in 1911. Listed on National Register of Historic Places , 1982. — Map (db m109751) HM
Massachusetts (Essex County), Gloucester — Ten Pound Island Lighthouse
Ten Pound Island Lighthouse Before you stretches Ten Pound Island. In 1821 a lighthouse was built on the island to safely direct sailing ships into Gloucester Harbor. Some of America's greatest works of art were painted by Winslow Homer while . . . — Map (db m36436) HM
Michigan (Houghton County), Calumet — Float Copper
a mass of native copper weighing 9,392 lbs. found in 1970, buried under three ft. of soil, (glacial till), about 4½ miles southwest of Calumet. Float copper such as this, was torn loose from fissures and lodes by glacial action and together . . . — Map (db m76304) HM
Michigan (Houghton County), Houghton — L1319 — Trinity Episcopal Church
Many of the Cornish miners, storekeepers and mining captains who immigrated to this area during the Copper Country mining boom (1842-1860) were Anglicans. On July 17, 1860, the Reverend Samuel A. McCoskry, Episcopal Bishop of Michigan, met with nine . . . — Map (db m76306) HM
Michigan (Presque Isle County), Presque Isle — 1563 — Presque Isle Light Station
This lighthouse, built in 1870 by Orlando M. Poe, is one of three Great Lakes towers built from the same plans. It replaced the smaller 1840 harbor light. The conical brick tower rises 113 feet from a limestone foundation. The Third Order Fresnel . . . — Map (db m40062) HM
Michigan (Saint Clair County), Marine City — L0683 — Newport Academy
Emily Ward established the Newport Academy about 1845 to provide educational opportunities for area children. Miss Ward was a niece of Samuel Ward, the founder of Newport (now Marine City), and the sister of Eber Brock Ward, a shipping magnate and . . . — Map (db m41199) HM
Mississippi (Washington County), Greenville — Greenville Cypress Preserve
This 16-acre cypress brake is an early example of a local civic group's effort to preserve Mississippi's natural resources. This unique urban forest was purchased in 1940 by the Greenville Garden Club, the oldest garden club in the state, to . . . — Map (db m122898) HM
New York (Allegany County), Angelica — Angelica Cemetery
Site gift of Church family, 1801; First burial, 1803; among noted men of Allegany Co. Buried here are; Major M. Van Campen, Capt. P. Church, Judge M. Grover and Rev. C. Fairbank — Map (db m65538) HM
New York (Chautauqua County), Dunkirk — The First Exchange of Hostilities
The first exchange of hostilities in the War of 1812 occurred at the mouth of Canadaway Creek. — Map (db m64697) HM
New York (Chautauqua County), Jamestown — Before White Men Came
Before white men came to this area the Indians blazed a trail between Lake Erie and Lake Chautauqua over which they, early explorers and settlers, portaged their canoes. At the Chadakoin River rapids the canoe was portaged again. Here is where the . . . — Map (db m64674) HM
New York (Chautauqua County), Jamestown — Blackstone Corporation — Since 1871
Blackstone Manufacturing Company, formerly known as Vandergrift Manufacturing Company, makers of washing machines and Jamestown car parts manufacturing company merged as Blackstone Corporation in 1934. The company continues as an international . . . — Map (db m64676) HM
New York (Chautauqua County), Jamestown — Keelboat Landing
Here on the banks of the outlet in pioneer days was the keelboat landing. Long, shallow draft boats, propelled by poles, brought cargoes from Pittsburgh and farther south up the Allegheny River to this forest-bound village. — Map (db m64704) HM
New York (Chautauqua County), Jamestown — The Lost Neighborhood
The Harrison-Derby-Victoria neighborhood was home to nearly 100 predominately Italian-American families. They were displaced by the Urban Renewal Project of the 1970's. This area east of Main Street to the Chadakoin River was the only residential . . . — Map (db m64708) HM
North Carolina (Dare County), Hatteras — Burnside's Expedition Crossing Hatteras Bar/The Burnside Expedition at Hatteras Inlet
Side A:Burnside's Expedition Crossing Hatteras BarOn January 11, 1862, the Burnside Expedition left for Fort Monroe, Virginia destined for Hatteras Inlet 120 miles to the south. Two days later, the fleet of over eighty vessels was . . . — Map (db m46171) HM
North Carolina (Dare County), Hatteras — Flagship USS Minnesota/Hotel de Afrique
Side A:Flagship USS MinnesotaUSS Minnesota, a wooden steam frigate built in 1855, was the flagship for the Atlantic Blockading Squadron commanded by Flag Officer Silas H. Stringham. Seven United States Navy warships bombarded Forts . . . — Map (db m46190) HM
North Carolina (Nash County), Rocky Mount — Rocky Mount Mills School
On this site stood the Rocky Mount Mills School Est. 1896 Closed 1946 Built and operated by Rocky Mount Mills to provide grades 1-7 for the benefit of the Mill Village children — Map (db m97751) HM
Ohio (Belmont County), Martins Ferry — 3-7 — Walnut Grove Cemetery
Side A: The Walnut Grove Cemetery is the burial place of members of the Zane and Martin families. Their graves lie within the brick enclosure. The cemetery is also the resting-place of many early Martins Ferry residents, including veterans of . . . — Map (db m28444) HM
Ohio (Belmont County), Powhatan Point — 13-7 — Powhatan Point
First surveyed in 1849, Powhatan Point was laid out by Franklin Knox. The "point" is the confluence of Captina Creek and the Ohio River. The small but thriving river and farming community served York Township and the rich Captina Valley as a . . . — Map (db m78499) HM
Ohio (Belmont County), Powhatan Point — 6-7 — The Coal Industry at Powhatan Point / Powhatan Disaster, 1944
Side 1 The Coal Industry at Powhatan Point The Pittsburgh No. 8 coal seam, located 100 feet below river level at Powhatan Point, extends across much of eastern Ohio, western Pennsylvania, and northern West Virginia. The Cleveland and . . . — Map (db m78501) HM
Ohio (Columbiana County), East Liverpool — Diamond Theater
In 1907, the First United Presyterian Church was converted into retail shops (1st floor) and a theater (2nd floor) called the Bijou, later renamed the Diamond. Vaudeville and 10 minute movies were featured. It closed in 1920. — Map (db m44154) HM
Ohio (Columbiana County), East Liverpool — Sturgis House
Originally the private home of the Erlanger family, this building became the Sturgis Funeral Home, famous for having displayed the body of Pretty Boy Floyd in October, 1934. — Map (db m44171) HM
Ohio (Geauga County), Chardon — 7-28 — Fowlers Mill Historic District / Fowlers Mill
Side A Fowler's Mill Historic District Fowlers Mill (originally Fowler's Mills) developed around a group of mills built in the 1830s on the Chagrin River. Opportunities from these mills led to Fowlers Mill becoming the commercial . . . — Map (db m122785) HM
Ohio (Geauga County), Middlefield — 3-28 — Batavia House
Side A Originally called the James Thompson Inn, named for its builder, the son of Middlefield's first settler, Isaac Thompson, the Batavia House is Middlefield's oldest remaining structure. Built in 1818, the two-story wood frame structure . . . — Map (db m122783) HM
Ohio (Harrison County), Hopedale — Abraham Lincoln at Cadiz Junction
Here, February 14, 1861, Abraham Lincoln alighted from a train en route from his home in Illinois to the nations’s capital, where on March 4th he would become our sixteenth President. Cadiz Junction, a breakfast stop for the President Elect, saw him . . . — Map (db m40966) HM
Ohio (Licking County), Granville — 25-45 — The Elias Gilman House / The Wee White House
Side A The Elias Gilman House The original structure, the central portion of the current house, is the oldest frame building in the village. It was built in 1808 by Elias Gilman, a prominent figure from Granville Massachusetts, who . . . — Map (db m94592) HM
Ohio (Mahoning County), Canfield — 22-50 — Canfield Christian Church
(side A) The Canfield Christian Church began as a Baptist congregation in 1822 and church met for worship in William Dean's home. The Mahoning Baptist Association Meeting of 1826 was held in David Hayes barn. In 1827, Walter Scott was asked . . . — Map (db m41223) HM
Ohio (Mahoning County), Poland — 42-50 — Poland Village / Poland Town Hall
Side A Poland Village The Village of Poland officially incorporated in August 1866, a year after the end of the Civil War. In April 1867, the citizens elected John Leslie as mayor. As of 1880, Poland's population exceeded 400. Through . . . — Map (db m121447) HM
Ohio (Mahoning County), Youngstown — 45-50 — Kyle-McCollum House
Side A The Kyle-McCollum House, thought to be the oldest continuously inhabited residence still on its original site in Youngstown, was built by War of 1812 veteran Joshua Kyle (c. 1766-1842) and his wife Mary Stewart (c. 1774-1844). The . . . — Map (db m122051) HM
Ohio (Monroe County), Switzerland — 2-56 — Frederick Kindelberger Stone House and Barn
These structures stand as an exception to the usual wood frame or brick construction of farm buildings in this region in the late nineteenth century. The house and barn, built circa 1871 and 1883-1885 respectively, reflect Frederick Kindelberger's . . . — Map (db m79271) HM
Ohio (Portage County), Aurora — 16-67 — Geauga Lake
Side A Geauga Lake, a scenic destination for visitors to northeast Ohio, was initially named “Giles Pond” after settler Sullivan Giles (1809-1880). In 1856, the predecessor of the Erie Railroad stopped at “Pond . . . — Map (db m122096) HM
Ohio (Portage County), Mantua — 10-67 — Mantua Center Historic District
Side A The most notable feature of Mantua Center is the "Village Green," which harkens back to the New England heritage of Mantua Center's early settlers. The Green sets upon land donated by Hezekiah Nooney Sr. and was important to both the . . . — Map (db m122083) HM
Ohio (Stark County), Canal Fulton — 1-76 — Ohio and Erie Canal
Sounds of boat horns and brawling packet crews resounded for many years at this lock and 142 others on the Ohio and Erie Canal. The canal was a 308-mile water toll road built between 1825 and 1832 from Lake Erie at Cleveland to the Ohio River at . . . — Map (db m68688) HM
Ohio (Stark County), Magnolia — 4-76 — Magnolia Cemetery — Joe E. Hastings World War II Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient
Burial site of Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient Private First Class Joe R. Hastings, U.S. Army, World War II. Hastings, the squad leader of a light machinegun section in Company C. 386th Infantry, 97th Infantry Division, displayed conspicuous . . . — Map (db m62753) WM
Ohio (Stark County), Minerva — 3-10 — Charles E. Wilson
Charles E. Wilson was born on July 18, 1890 in Minerva. After earning a degree in electrical engineering from the Carnegie Institute of Technology in 1909, he joined the Westinghouse Electric Company in Pittsburgh before moving to General Motors in . . . — Map (db m80714) HM
Ohio (Trumbull County), Warren — 2-78 — First Presbyterian Church
This congregation was founded in Warren November 19, 1803, by the Rev. Joseph Badger, who was serving as a missionary in the Western Reserve for the Connecticut Missionary Society of the Congregational Church. Rev. Badger was assisted at the first . . . — Map (db m65442) HM
Ohio (Tuscarawas County), Dover — 20-79 — Jeremiah E. Reeves / The J.E. Reeves Victorian Home
Side A Jeremiah E. Reeves Jeremiah Reeves was born in England in 1845 and began his career in the mills of Wales, United Kingdom, at the age of ten. In 1867, he immigrated to the United States where he worked in the steel mills of . . . — Map (db m81573) HM
Ohio (Tuscarawas County), Zoar — Zoar Village
Zoar was founded in 1817 by a group of immigrants from Wurttemburg, Germany, who sought religious freedom. The mandatory military service in Germany prompted many pacifist groups, like the Zoarites, to immigrate to the United States. The separatist . . . — Map (db m81582) HM
Oklahoma (Comanche County), Fort Sill — Apache Prisoner-of-War Cemeteries — Fort Sill, Oklahoma
Here beneath Oklahoma skies far from their native haunts in Arizona, New Mexico and northern Mexico is the resting place for more than 300 Apaches of the Chiricahua, Warm Springs, and Nedni tribes. During and after the Geronimo campaign of 1886 . . . — Map (db m62166) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Bridgeville — Bower Hill
Site of General John Neville's mansion, burned to the ground by insurgents during a major escalation of violence in the Whiskey Rebellion, July 16-17, 1794. General Neville was Inspector of Revenue under President Washington. In the two-day battle, . . . — Map (db m40393) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Homestead — Carnegie Library of Homestead — Historic Landmark
Carnegie Library of Homestead Alden and Harlow, Architects 1896-98 — Map (db m44874) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Homestead — Mary Harris "Mother" Jones
Labor leader, workers' advocate. Arrested and jailed in Homestead for speaking to striking steelworkers, 1919. When a judge asked who gave her a permit to speak publicly, she replied, "Patrick Henry. Thomas Jefferson. John Adams!" — Map (db m44869) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), McKees Rocks — 1909 McKee's Rocks Strike
On July 14, unskilled immigrant workers led a strike against the Pressed Steel Car Company. Strain among the strikers, replacement laborers, and state police erupted into a riot on August 22. Eleven men were killed near this footbridge. Strikers . . . — Map (db m40873) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), McKees Rocks — St. Mary's Ukrainian Orthodox Church — Historic Landmark
St. Mary's Ukrainian Orthodox Church 1922 Carlton Strong, architect — Map (db m82111) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Millvale — St. Nicholas Croatian Church — Historic Landmark
St. Nicholas Croatian Church 1900, Frederick Sauer, Architect Murals 1937, Maxo Vanka — Map (db m82018) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Neville Island — Dravo Corporation Shipyard
During World War II, Dravo's shipyard here was a leader in the manufacture of Landing Ship Tanks--LSTs--for the United States Navy. Dravo's over 16,000 workers produced a total of 145 LSTs. This and four other inland yards, all using techniques . . . — Map (db m40280) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), North Braddock — Braddock's Defeat
July 9, 1755, General Braddock's British forces en route to capture Fort Duquesne were ambushed and routed by French and Indians within present limits of Braddock and North Braddock, forcing retreat and failure of the expedition. — Map (db m59177) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — 1st Drive-In Filling Station
At this site in Dec. 1913, Gulf Refining Co. opened the first drive-in facility designed and built to provide gasoline, oils, and lubricants to the motoring public. Its success led to construction of thousands of gas stations by different oil . . . — Map (db m40872) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Allegheny Aqueduct
The Pennsylvania Canal across Pennsylvania was an engineering triumph with a spectacular 37-mile railroad portage over the Allegheny Mountains. For half a century between 1820 and the Civil War, packet boats pulled by mules navigated through the . . . — Map (db m83762) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Allegheny Arsenal
Designed by Benjamin H. Latrobe and constructed in 1814. The Arsenal was used as a military garrison, in the manufacture and storing of supplies during the Civil War, Indian Wars, and Spanish American War. — Map (db m40874) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Birthplace of the Aluminum Industry
This tablet marks the birthplace of the aluminum industry in the United States. On the site of this building the Pittsburgh Reduction Company, now Aluminum Company of America, late in November, 1888, produced the first commercial run of aluminum by . . . — Map (db m79882) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Corliss Street Tunnel — Historical Landmark

Corliss Street Tunnel 1914 Stanley L. Roush, architect; D.N. Sprague, chief engineer — Map (db m101344) HM

Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — David L. Lawrence — 1889-1966
David L. Lawrence, Mayor of Pittsburgh from 1946 to 1959 and Governor of Pennsylvania from 1959 to 1963, was born in the Old Point District, now Point State Park, on June 18, 1889. As Mayor and Governor, he provided the public leadership which . . . — Map (db m43570) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Forks of the Ohio Fort Pitt Blockhouse — National Historic Landmark
(Right side of entrance) Forks of the Ohio Fort Pitt Block House has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America

(Left . . . — Map (db m40336) HM

Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Founding Convention of the AFL
On November 15, 1881, in nearby Turner Hall, a convention was held to form the organization which became the American Federation of Labor. Soon it was the nation's largest labor federation. It became part of the merged AFL-CIO in 1955. — Map (db m40940) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Grace United Methodist Church — Historic Landmark
Grace United Methodist Church Built 1872 — Map (db m72417) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Greenlee Field
Located here from 1932 to 1938, this was the first African American owned stadium in the Negro Leagues. Home of Gus Greenlee's Pittsburgh Crawfords baseball team, 1935 Negro League champs. Players included Hall of Famers Satchel Paige, Josh Gibson, . . . — Map (db m52129) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Jane Holmes — (1805-1885)
A distinguished philanthropist and humanitarian, she created and funded numerous social service agencies, including the Western Pennsylvania School for Blind Children, here. Her pioneering efforts in charitable giving have served those in need, . . . — Map (db m46526) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Joshua (Josh) Gibson — (1911-1947)
Hailed as Negro leagues' greatest slugger, he hit some 800 home runs in a baseball career that began here at Ammons Field in 1929. Played for Homestead Grays and Pittsburgh Crawfords, 1930-1946. Elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame, '72. — Map (db m40893) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Kaufmann's Department Store and Clock — Historic Landmark
Kaufmann's Dept. Store and Clock Built 1898 Charles Bickel Architect Addition 1913 Janssen & Abbot Architects — Map (db m66448) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — McClurg Iron Foundry
Established in 1804, it was the first air foundry in Pittsburgh. During the War of 1812, it supplied cannons and ammunition, primarily destined for the fleet on Lake Erie. In 1835, the first locomotive steam engine made west of the Alleghenies was . . . — Map (db m94741) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — National Negro Opera Company
Here at the Cardwell School of Music, this first national Black opera company was founded in 1941 by Mary Cardwell Dawson. Noted for its musical genius, it performed for 21 years in Pittsburgh, Washington, New York, and other cities. — Map (db m47046) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Ninth Street Bridge — (Rachel Carson Bridge) — Historic Landmark
Ninth Street Bridge Department of Public Works, Allegheny County, Engineers — Map (db m47882) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Pennsylvania Canal
The loading basin and western terminus of the State-built railroad, canal, and Portage over the Alleghenies uniting eastern and western Pennsylvania was here. Built in 1826-1834. In 1857 sold to the Pennsylvania R.R. — Map (db m42182) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Polish Army
At hall on this site on April 3, 1917, a speech by I. J. Paderewski to delegates at convention of the Polish Falcons began the movement to recruit a Polish army in the United States to fight in Europe with Allies for creating an independent Poland. — Map (db m49104) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Shannopin Town
Name of a Delaware Indian village that covered this site from about 1731 to the French occupation, 1754. It was the Allegheny River terminus of the Raystown Indian and Traders Path from Carlisle to the west. — Map (db m40908) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Sisters of Mercy
Frances Warde and six companions from Carlow, Ireland, opened the first Mercy convent in the U.S. here. Founding date was December 21, 1843, and at once the sisters began to serve the city's poor, sick, and uneducated. From here, Mercy convents . . . — Map (db m40904) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Sixteenth Street Bridge — (David McCullough Bridge) — Historic Landmark
Sixteenth Street Bridge H.G. Balcom, Engineer; Warren and Wetmore, Architects — Map (db m44875) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church — Bloomfield — Historic Landmark
St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church Bloomfield Built 1886-87 — Map (db m65144) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — St. Nicholas Church — North Side
In the late nineteenth century, Croatian immigrants fled economic hardship and settled in Allegheny City (now Pittsburgh's North Side). The Croatian immigrants were predominantly peasants living in a region comprised of one faith, one nationality, . . . — Map (db m84560) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — St. Nicholas Roman Catholic Croatian Church, North Side
The first Croatian Catholic parish in America was established in 1894. The 1901 church was a center for spiritual and social Croatian culture. Croatian immigrants fled religious, economic, and political oppression to pursue new lives in Pittsburgh. . . . — Map (db m84528) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Stephen C. Foster Memorial
Tribute to Pittsburgh's beloved writer of songs and ballads, including “Oh Suzanna,” “Old Folks at Home,” and “My Old Kentucky Home.” Born in 1826 and died in 1864. — Map (db m40912) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Suburban Catalyst — 1890 — The Pennsylvania Railroad Mainline
You are standing above the historic route of the Main Line of the Pennsylvania Railroad—one of the most important railroad corridors in the country. The Main Line, which first connected Philadelphia and Pittsburgh in 1852, is significant . . . — Map (db m90280) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — The First Visit of Abraham Lincoln
This tablet commemorates the first visit of Abraham Lincoln who arrived at this point on February 14, 1861 remaining in Pittsburgh a few hours enroute to Washington for his inauguration. — Map (db m40305) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — The King's Garden — Feeding Pittsburgh in the 18th Century
You are standing on what was once the parade ground of Fort Pitt, one of the largest military fortifications in 18th century North America. British and colonial American soldiers built this massive fort between 1759 and 1761 in order to control the . . . — Map (db m43573) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Union Local 471 American Federation of Musicians
Organized in 1908, this local was one of the first African American musicians unions in Pennsylvania. Pittsburgh was at the forefront of the jazz world in the mid-20th century, and jazz greats Mary Lou Williams, Art Blakey, Ray Brown, and George . . . — Map (db m56705) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — United Steelworkers of America
In the Grant Building here on June 17, 1936, the Steel Workers Organizing Committee was founded. Renamed in 1942, the USWA became one of the world's largest unions, embracing over a million workers. Philip Murray was its first president. — Map (db m43401) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — USS Maine Memorial
Commemorating the destruction of the Battleship Maine in Havana Harbor Cuba February 15, 1898 and to the Soldiers, Sailors and Marines of Allegheny County who participated in the Spanish American War of 1898-1899 which followed this disaster. . . . — Map (db m41048) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Victor Herbert — (1859-1924)
Irish-born, educated in Europe as a cellist, Herbert conducted the Pittsburgh Orchestra here, 1898-1904. His compositions ranged from classical orchestral works to popular operettas including “Babes in Toyland” and “Naughty . . . — Map (db m40916) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Sewickley — Capt. Frederick Way, Jr. — (1901-1992)
Riverman, author, historian, America's foremost authority on inland waterways. Captain Way lived close to this spot, on River Avenue. Reared in Edgeworth on land settled by the Way family before 1800, he was the first president of the Sewickley . . . — Map (db m39944) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Sewickley — Saint Matthews African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church — Historic Landmark
Saint Matthews African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church 1912 — Map (db m62687) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Sewickley — Sewickley Public Library — Historic Landmark
1923, Annex 2000 Henry D. Gilchrist, Architect — Map (db m68250) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Sewickley — The Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago Station — Historic Landmark
The Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago Station Built 1887 — Map (db m62685) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Ambridge — Anthony Wayne's Camp
Site of Anthony Wayne's training camp, for the "Legion of the United States" November 1792 to April 1793-his legion trained here to prepare for the Battle of Fallen Timbers on August 20, 1794. Wayne chose this site adjacent to abandoned Logstown, to . . . — Map (db m40230) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Baden — Site of First Mass
Near here at the Indian Village of Logstown, Reverand Father Joseph De Bonnecamps, S.J. celebrated the first Holy Catholic mass in Beaver County August 9, 1749. The mass marked the beginning of Christianity in Beaver County. — Map (db m49429) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Beaver — Matthew Stanley Quay Home
This house, built by Samuel French, about 1845, was the home (1884-1904) of Matthew Stanley Quay. Born in 1833, Quay graduated at age 17 from Jefferson College. His first political office was as prothonotary. After a brilliant Civil War record and . . . — Map (db m49428) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Beaver Falls — Ingram-Richardson Manufacturing Company
During 64 years, "Ing-Rich" became one of the leading producers of porcelain enamel products in the United States. Noted for durability, the company's output included outdoor advertising signs and "porcel panels" for building exteriors; it also made . . . — Map (db m40237) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Beaver Falls — Second Baptist Church
The church was founded by a small group of people under the leadership of Reverend Jordan D. Brown, in 1893. The church was chartered in 1919. Ground was broken for the present church in 1926 under Reverend G.E. Sallie. The mortgage was burned in . . . — Map (db m51801) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Bridgewater — Built Here In Old Sharon
Built here in Old Sharon were covered keel boats for a proposed expedition by Aaron Burr to annex the American southwest from Spanish America. Suspicions were aroused against him and he was tried for treason but was acquitted. — Map (db m45796) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Darlington — Cannelton
Settled in 1795. Named for the Cannel coal found here. Mine opened 1838. Homestead of Ira Mansfield, mine owner, author and state senator. Producer of shale oil for many years. Harmony Society built a railroad in 1850 to ship coal and oil to distant . . . — Map (db m49422) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Darlington — McMinn Mill
Site of one of the first mills built on the Little Beaver River. Erected by Robert and Mary McMinn in 1796-1797. Mary was said to be the first white woman to settle in the Darlington area following the treaty with the Indians in 1795. — Map (db m49417) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Darlington — Thomas Sprott House
Built by Thomas Sprott in 1804 on land granted him in 1802 by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Named "Sprotts Delight," it overlooked the borough of Greersburg, laid out on the lands of Sprott, Greer, and Martin. — Map (db m49419) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Fombell — Stephen Stone House
Built 1805 by early settler Stephen Stone III, a retired schooner captain who traded in New England and the West Indies. A nearby village, Stonesville was laid out in 1810. The house was in the Stone family until 1880. — Map (db m51136) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Georgetown — Down The Ohio — In 1803
As Lewis wrote in his journal, "The Perogue was loaded as his (has) been my practice since I left Pittsburgh....an hour after we had got under way....found she had sprung a leek and had nearly filled; as her load consisting of articles of hard-ware . . . — Map (db m116705) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Harshaville — David Littell House
Build 1851 on 1796 land grant called Chestnut Flats. Fourth house on this site. Tannery was operated here 1819-1860. Littells were among first settlers in area. Significant example of 19th century architecture. Named to National Historic Register . . . — Map (db m49698) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Industry — Cooks Ferry
Established in 1859 by George Washington Cook. Operated by the Cook family until 1918. Then sold to the Flemings. Bought by Christy and Morrow in 1919. Known as Shippingport Ferry until (last trip April 1964), bridge built across Ohio River. — Map (db m51427) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Ohioville — The Point of Beginning
No survey of the western lands of the United States could be made as required under the land ordinance of 1785 until the surveyors for Pennsylvania and Virginia set a marker on the north shore of the Ohio River. On August 20, 1785, that marker was . . . — Map (db m44181) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Rochester — Benvenue Manor
Benvenue Manor was built in 1816 by George Henry Mueller near the Old Venango Trail. Stone for the manor was quarried on the property. Saint Paul's Lutheran Church, Zelienople, was founded here. Also on the property is Sunrise Cottage, built in 1848. — Map (db m50287) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Rochester — Daugherty Cemetery
First Catholic cemetery in Beaver County. Land given by Edward Daugherty for Catholic burials upon the death of his brother 1801. Transferred to sponsor parish Saint Peter and Paul, Beaver 1832. Burial ground for parish priests, Father James Reid . . . — Map (db m50285) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Rochester — H.C. Fry Glass Company — (1901-1932)
Founded in Rochester by Henry Clay Fry President of the Rochester Tumbler and National Glass Company. Hundreds of skilled workers produced world renowned glass including cut, tableware, ovenware, art, industrial and optical glass of the finest . . . — Map (db m45786) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Rochester — Rochester Lodge Number 229
Free and Accepted Masons of Pennsylvania, is the oldest Masonic Lodge in Beaver County. Meeting continuously since it was constituted April 11, 1848, a year before Rochester Borough was incorporated the Masonic Temple was built in 1884. — Map (db m45785) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Rochester — The Michael Camp House
The Camp House erected in 1870 by Michael Camp, Jr. Believed to be the oldest continuing family in Rochester. Leaders in civic, religious and fraternal affairs. This was home to three county commissioners and four masters of the Rochester Masonic . . . — Map (db m50183) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), West Aliquippa — Boyhood Home of Henry Mancini
West Aliquippa was boyhood home of composer Henry Mancini, who wrote scores for more than eighty movies, winning four academy awards and twenty grammy awards. Born in Cleveland, Mancini lived at 401 Beaver Avenue and graduated from Aliquippa High . . . — Map (db m48132) HM
Pennsylvania (Bedford County), Bedford — Bedford County Vietnam Veterans Memorial
In honor of the men and women of Bedford County who answered the call We remember these who lost their lives in service to their country Darrell Zane Magruder • Donald Clair Wyles • Charles E Sivits • Irvin Grant Weyand • Rodney . . . — Map (db m14008) HM
Pennsylvania (Bedford County), Bedford — Bedford Village
Settled about 1750, known then as Raystown. Site of an early trade post and Fort Bedford, 1758. Base for Forbes, Bouquet expeditions. In 1794 Washington here reviewed forces in Whiskey Rebellion. — Map (db m82781) HM
Pennsylvania (Bedford County), Bedford — Bonnet Tavern
This inn at the junction of the Forbes and Burd Roads was operated, 1779-1815, by Jean Bonnet and his heirs. In mid-1794, during the Whiskey Rebellion, embattled farmers met here and raised a liberty pole to protest the federal excise tax on . . . — Map (db m60115) HM
Pennsylvania (Bedford County), Everett — Forbes Road — (Fort Juniata)
At the Juniata Crossings, half a mile north of here, General Forbes erected a small stockade in 1758 to protect the communications of his army moving west to attack Fort Duquesne. — Map (db m52663) HM
Pennsylvania (Berks County), Reading — Henry A. Muhlenberg
Pastor of the Trinity Lutheran Church from 1803 to 1829; Member of Congress, 1829-38; first U.S. Minister to Austria; Candidate for governor of Pennsylvania at the time of death in 1844. His home was on this site. — Map (db m25222) HM
Pennsylvania (Blair County), Altoona — Baker Mansion
Erected 1844-1847. Architect, Robert Cary Long, Jr. Residence of Elias Baker, Ironmaster, and his family, 1848 to 1914. Museum of the Blair County Historical Society since 1922. Entrance to mansion from street in rear. — Map (db m52342) HM
Pennsylvania (Blair County), Duncansville — Portage Railroad
Here was Number 6 of the ten inclined planes used to carry canal boats by rail, Hollidaysburg to Johnstown. This unique engineering feat was completed in 1834. The road was 36 miles long. — Map (db m52476) HM
Pennsylvania (Blair County), Hollidaysburg — Daniel Hale Williams — (1856-1931)
Here was boyhood home of the Black physician who pioneered successful heart surgery, 1893. Founded Provident Hospital, Chicago, 1891. Chief surgeon at Freedmen's Hospital, Washington, DC, 1894-98. Charter member, College of Surgeons, 1913. — Map (db m52308) HM
Pennsylvania (Blair County), Tyrone — Fred Waring — (1900-1984)
World-renowned choral arranger and band leader, Waring was born and raised in Tyrone. In 1919, while attending Penn State, he started “Fred Waring and the Pennsylvanians,” a popular musical group that entertained for seven decades on . . . — Map (db m52425) HM
Pennsylvania (Butler County), Butler — General Richard Butler
In memory of General Richard Butler Born in Ireland One of five brothers soldiers distinguished for bravery and devoted service Captain 2d. Pennsylvania Battalion 1776 Colonel 9th. Pennsylvania Regiment 1777 Major General United . . . — Map (db m42637) HM
Pennsylvania (Butler County), Harmony — Harmony
First home of Harmony Society, founded 1804, by George Rapp and German followers. In 1814 moved to New Harmony, Indiana, and settled at Economy in present Ambridge, Beaver County, in 1825. — Map (db m40359) HM
Pennsylvania (Butler County), Saxonburg — John and Carl Roebling House — Built in 1832
Many of the newly arrived settlers stayed here until they could build their own houses. — Map (db m57554) HM
Pennsylvania (Butler County), Saxonburg — William A. Smith
Known as “Uncle Billy” Smith. In 1859, he drilled the world's first successful oil well with tools that he made in his blacksmith shop near Tarentum. The well, 69½ feet deep, was drilled near Titusville for Colonel Edwin Drake. . . . — Map (db m42642) HM
Pennsylvania (Cambria County), Cresson — Robert E. Peary
This monument was placed in honor of the Arctic explorer, discoverer of the North Pole April 6, 1909. Peary was born in Cresson, May 6, 1856, the family moving to Maine in 1859. — Map (db m52730) HM
Pennsylvania (Cameron County), Sinnemahoning — Pepper Hill Fire of 1938
Seven teenage Civilian Conservation Corps enrollees and a forestry foreman lost their lives attempting to extinguish a 134-acre wildfire here. The crew had insufficient experience and training and were exhausted from fighting a previous fire. The . . . — Map (db m99936) HM
Pennsylvania (Carbon County), Jim Thorpe — This House (1844 A.D.)
This house (1844 A.D.) is the oldest complete and unchanged home existing from the early history of Mauch Chunk (now Jim Thorpe). Built as a parsonage by the Rev. Webster, famous pastor of the Presbyterian church, the home was certified as oldest by . . . — Map (db m128303) HM
Pennsylvania (Centre County), Howard — Great Shamokin Path
The Indian highway from Shamokin, now Sunbury, to Kittanning, left the Bald Eagle Valley to follow Marsh Creek and Little Marsh Creek. It crossed the Allegheny Mt. by way of Snow Shoe and Moshannon. — Map (db m65597) HM
Pennsylvania (Centre County), State College — Centre Furnace
Here Colonels John Patton and Samuel Miles operated the first charcoal iron furnace in the region, 1792-1809. Present stack used 1825-1858. In this era Centre County led in the making of Juniata iron. — Map (db m52431) HM
Pennsylvania (Chester County), West Chester — Frederick Douglass — (1818 - 1895)
Champion of human freedom, African American abolitionist, newspaper editor, U.S. Colored Troops recruiter, U.S. ambassador to Haiti, and orator, Frederick Douglass gave his last public address "Against Lynch Law" here on February 1, 1895. A frequent . . . — Map (db m8135) HM
Pennsylvania (Clarion County), Clarion — Helen Furnace
Just west of this point can be seen the well-preserved interior of cold blast furnace built in 1845. It was one of numerous iron furnaces operated in Clarion County from about 1829-1867. The County, then, was often referred to as "The Iron County." — Map (db m59077) HM
Pennsylvania (Clearfield County), Clearfield — Kurtz Bros.
In 1894, Chas. T. Kurtz (1874-1956) started Kurtz Bros. He bought this site, the former Clearfield Fire Brick Co., in 1910 for his school supply and printing business. Headquartered in Clearfield, the company greatly expanded and has operated more . . . — Map (db m122451) HM
Pennsylvania (Clearfield County), Clearfield — Zenas Leonard — (1809-1857)
Clearfield native and fur trader, Leonard was second in command of the Joseph Reddeford Walker Expedition from 1831-1834 to find a route to the Pacific Ocean through the Sierra Nevada Mountains. Leonard served as the expedition''s clerk and . . . — Map (db m65576) HM
Pennsylvania (Clearfield County), Karthaus — Miller's Landing
From the 1840's until c1912, thousands of county rafts floated billions of board feet of timber to sawmills in Lock Haven, Williamsport and Marietta. A ring rock where rafts moored is still located along the river at the site of Lewis Miller's Hotel . . . — Map (db m122453) HM
Pennsylvania (Clearfield County), Luthersburg — This Tablet Marks the Junction
This tablet marks the junction of the Snow Shoe & Packerville Turnpike with the Erie Turnpike, also known as the road from Reading to Presque Isle, Susquehanna & Waterford Turnpike, Bellefonte & Waterford Turnpike, Cream Hill Turnpike, and now . . . — Map (db m116905) HM
Pennsylvania (Clearfield County), Mahaffey — McGee's Mills Covered Bridge
Only remaining covered bridge over any branch of the Susquehanna River. Thomas McGee built this single span Burr arch truss bridge in 1873 for $175 using hand hewed white pine timbers from the area. It was the last covered bridge built in Clearfield . . . — Map (db m106713) HM
Pennsylvania (Clearfield County), New Millport — The Bell Site Dig
From 1979-1985, Harry Matlack discovered 126 Late Woodland Indian graves with encampments dating from 1500 to 1650 at the old Grier Bell Farm near here. This site was a three-component village, home for at least three different groups, each building . . . — Map (db m107911) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Conneaut Lake — Conneaut Reservoir
Raised some 10 feet by a 23-mile "feeder" from Meadville, this lake was the vital source of water for the highest part of the canal, 4 miles west. Lake water and traffic flowed north to Erie, south to the Ohio River. — Map (db m74625) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Conneaut Lake — Geology
Conneaut Lake is a kettle lake formed by the receding glacier during the last Ice Age, about 12,000 years ago. As the glacier melted, a large block of ice partially embedded in accumulated sediment formed the depression, which became the lake. . . . — Map (db m74623) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — French Creek
The Riviere aux Boeufs of the French, renamed by George Washington in 1753. It had an important part in the French and Indian War and the settlement of northwestern Pennsylvania. — Map (db m60445) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Library Hall
Built as a production facility for the Meadville Woolen Company, this building later served as market & meeting hall. From 1879 to 1925 it was the home of the Meadville Library, Art, and Historical Association then was converted to commercial use. — Map (db m55071) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Raymond Philip Shafer — (1917-2006)
Pennsylvania State Senator, 1959-63, Lieutenant Governor, 1963-67, and Governor, 1967-71. The 1874 state charter was substantially reformed at a constitutional convention during his term. He promoted improvements in welfare, transportation, . . . — Map (db m41029) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Richard Henderson
Born a slave in Maryland in 1801, he escaped as a boy and about 1824 came to Meadville. A barber, he was long active in the Underground Railroad. His Arch Street house, since torn down, is estimated to have harbored some 500 runaway slaves prior to . . . — Map (db m41030) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Meadville — Roddy Law Office
Canadian born Thomas Roddy was admitted to the Crawford County Bar in 1870. He served on City Council, library boards and Market House oversight committee. In 1881 he won Elias Allen's suit which desegregated Pennsylvania schools-all despite being . . . — Map (db m55069) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Saegertown — McGill House
Built in 1802 by Patrick McGill, this log house one of the oldest surviving homes in the French Creek Valley. McGill was a farmer, organized the first school, and served in the War of 1812. Saegertown was originally known as McGill's Settlement. — Map (db m60447) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Ida M. Tarbell
Noted oil historian, biographer of Lincoln, journalist, lived in this house about six years. She was graduated from the Titusville High School in 1875. — Map (db m50497) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Carlisle
Founded in 1751 as the seat of Cumberland County. Historic old frontier town. Supplied a contingent for the first regiment of the Continental Army in 1775. March against the Whiskey Rebels began here, 1794. — Map (db m82790) HM
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — 46 — Paxton Presbyterian Church — Founded in 1716 — American Presbyterian and Reformed Historical Site
The first building on this site, a log structure, was erected about 1716. Regular pastorate was established in 1726. The present stone building was erected in 1740 and was restored in 1931. It is the oldest Presbyterian Church building in continuous . . . — Map (db m122383) HM
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Hershey — Milton S. Hershey — 1857-1945
Milton S. Hershey founded the world famous Hershey's Chocolate Company in 1903 and built a town around it for his employees, complete with homes, schools, and cultural and recreational opportunities. In 1907, Milton S.Hershey founded HERSHEYPARK . . . — Map (db m95209) HM
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Middletown — Burd Tombs
Col. James Burd of "Tinian", able and gallant officer in the colonial wars, author of the Middletown Resolves for Independence, June 1774, and wife, Sarah Shippen, lie buried near the entrance of Middletown Cemetery. — Map (db m7163) HM
Pennsylvania (Erie County), Corry — Inez Mecusker — (1855-1941)
One of the foremost singers and entertainers of her time, soprano Mecusker was known as the “American Cantatrice.” She was featured in roles in opera and musical theater, appeared in vaudeville and on Broadway, and was a soloist for the . . . — Map (db m114606) HM
Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Brownsville — Philander Knox
Born May 6, 1853 in a house still standing on Front Street. Attorney-General in 1901, leading the anti-trust fight. A U.S. Senator, 1904–09. Secretary of State under Taft. Re-elected Senator in 1917. Died in 1921. — Map (db m747) HM
Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Connellsville — Colonel William Crawford
Hero of Indian wars, made his home about a half mile from Connellsville after 1766, and was Washington's land agent. During the Revolution, he led a campaign against Ohio Indians; he was captured and killed near Upper Sandusky in 1782. — Map (db m41776) HM
Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Connellsville — Gist's Plantation
Christopher Gist, the Ohio Company surveyor who went to Fort LeBoeuf with Washington, settled here in 1753. In 1754, Washington halted his campaign here and retreated to Fort Necessity. Pursuing French destroyed the plantation. — Map (db m59677) HM
Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Smock — America's First Iron Puddling Furnace
In 1817 ironmaster Isaac Meason and Welshman, Thomas Lewis built a puddling furnace and bar rolling mill here using a process from Wales that revolutionized the iron industry. It removed carbon from brittle pig iron creating malleable wrought iron . . . — Map (db m108156) HM
Pennsylvania (Forest County), Tionesta — Forest County
Formed April 11, 1848 from Jefferson County. Named for its extensive forests. Part of Venango County was added, 1866, and county seat moved from Marienville to Tionesta. Area notable for its Indian paths, and Zeisberger's mission to the Munsees, . . . — Map (db m59079) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Chambersburg — Philip Berlin
Recognized as the inventor of the first sleeping car in U.S. for use of travelers. The car, "Chambersburg", was operated as early as 1838 between Harrisburg and Chambersburg. He lies buried in graveyard at rear of church. — Map (db m8120) HM
Pennsylvania (Greene County), Garards Fort — Garard's Fort
Site of frontier refuge in Revolutionary War. Station of a small detachment of Virginia militia in 1977, when this area was claimed as part of Monongalia County, Virginia. Near here, on May 12, 1782, the wife and three children of the noted Baptist . . . — Map (db m56949) HM
Pennsylvania (Indiana County), Indiana — Absalom (Albert) Hazlett — (1837-1860)
A staunch abolitionist, Hazlett became a lieutenant in John Brown’s provisional army and participated in the raid on Harper’s Ferry Arsenal in 1859. He was captured, tried, convicted, and hanged for his involvement following the failed Harper’s . . . — Map (db m40562) HM
Pennsylvania (Indiana County), Indiana — The Rescue of Anthony Hollingsworth
On June 26, 1845, this 12 year-old fugitive slave was captured by slave hunters. Armed residents surrounded the hotel where he was held and demanded his release, defying federal law. Judge Thomas White freed him in the old courthouse on this site. — Map (db m40559) HM
Pennsylvania (Indiana County), Saltsburg — Saltsburg Canal Park
Site of Pennsylvania main line canal 1829-1864 In Saltsburg were two boatyards, warehouses, lift lock number 8 and A turning basin. Salt was shipped from wells nearby. Passengers traveled on packet boats. One of these was owned and operated by . . . — Map (db m49211) HM
Pennsylvania (Jefferson County), Punxsutawney — Groundhog Day
As early as 1886, German immigrants here observed Groundhog Day and established the Punxsutawney Groundhog Club in 1899. According to folklore, if the hibernating groundhog—known as Punxsutawney Phil—leaves its burrow on February 2 and . . . — Map (db m39891) HM
Pennsylvania (Lancaster County), Lancaster — George Ross
Soldier, ardent patriot, jurist, and a Signer of the Declaration of Independence, settled at Lancaster about 1751. Site of his country house, now marked by monument, is on Ross Street, nine blocks north. Died, 1779. — Map (db m5227) HM
Pennsylvania (Lawrence County), Ellwood City — Helling Stadium
Named in honor of Dr. H.E. Helling, who was a member of the Ellwood City school board for 31 years, 1926-1957. Served community as a physician for over 60 years. — Map (db m69269)
Pennsylvania (Lawrence County), Ellwood City — Seamless Tube Industry
A block away was the plant in which Ralph C. Stiefel, the Swiss-born engineer, invented the rotary piercing process for making steel tubing in 1895. He helped found Ellwood Weldless Tube Company, which became a nucleus for the National Tube Division . . . — Map (db m40219) HM
Pennsylvania (Lawrence County), New Castle — "Squaw Campaign"
500 unruly militia, under command of Gen. Edward Hand, left Pittsburgh to attack British at present Cleveland, February 1778. At an Indian town in the river-fork below here, they killed a man and an old woman; then returned home. — Map (db m72992) HM
Pennsylvania (Lawrence County), Volant — Neshannock Potato
The once widely-known and choice variety originated just west of here, on a farm occupied by John Gilkey, 1798-1826. A brother, James, was fellow-worker. Their potato was also called Mercer or Gilkey. — Map (db m51138) HM
Pennsylvania (McKean County), Smethport — Smethport
County seat for McKean County since 1807, when land agent Francis King surveyed town lots. The first cabin was built in 1811 by Arnold Hunter; but permanent settlement was delayed until 1822. First courthouse built in 1827. — Map (db m59132) HM
Pennsylvania (Mercer County), Mercer — Mercer County
Formed March 12, 1800 from Allegheny County. The United States census reported 3228 residents in 1800. Named for General Hugh Mercer, Revolutionary hero killed at Battle of Princeton, 1777. Early iron and coal center. Mercer, the county seat, was . . . — Map (db m41598) HM
Pennsylvania (Montour County), Mooresburg — Christopher Sholes
Typewriter inventor, born near here Feb. 14, 1819. Went to school and worked as a printer at Danville. Migrated to Wisconsin at the age of 20. His first writing machine patent was issued June 23, 1868. — Map (db m124006) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Dr. Mary Davis Ridgway — (1823-1927)
A leader in the women's rights movement and a homeopathic physician and surgeon. She was founder of Providence General Hospital (chartered 1913), the principal officers of which were women. From 1914 to 1917 it served the community from nearby . . . — Map (db m71356) HM
Pennsylvania (Potter County), Coudersport — Ole Bull's Colony
The 11,144 acres of land within the tract acquired by the noted Norwegian violinist in 1852 were southeast of here. Here were village sites, New Norway, Oleona, New Bergen, Walhalla, and Ole Bull's Castle. — Map (db m125157) HM
Pennsylvania (Schuylkill County), Tamaqua — Burkhardt Moser Log Home
First home in Tamaqua: built in 1801 by founder Burkhardt Moser: still stands in the rear of 307 East Broad St. Moser settled here in 1799 and built a sawmill nearby. He was the first to discover coal in the area in 1817. Tamaqua, Pennsylvania — Map (db m128312) HM
Pennsylvania (Tioga County), Wellsboro — Mary Wells Morris — Statue
A founder of Wellsboro September 4, 1764 - November 6, 1819 — Map (db m88336) HM
Pennsylvania (Union County), Lewisburg — St. Anthony Street Bridge
One of the earliest metal-truss bridges in the area was built on this site in 1889. It was a single-span pin-connected Pratt through truss erected by the Champion Bridge Company of Wilmington, Ohio, one of the nation's oldest such firms. The 150.5 . . . — Map (db m124004) HM
Pennsylvania (Venango County), Barkeyville — Venango Path
A major Indian path from the Forks of the Ohio (Pittsburgh) to Venango (Franklin) was located just west of here. George Washington used it in traveling north to Fort Le Boeuf in 1753. Captain Jonathan Hart widened the path in 1787 on his way to . . . — Map (db m42944) HM
Pennsylvania (Venango County), Emlenton — James Bennett - Premier Entrepeneur
Bennett came to Emlenton in 1868 to hire out as a tinner to the Widel and Crawford Foundry at $1.25 a day. He stayed on to become one of the town's most prosperous and respected citizens. For half a century hea was the impetus and/or promoter of . . . — Map (db m78848) HM
Pennsylvania (Venango County), Franklin — Fort Venango
To assert control over the area, Fort Venango was built near this point by the British in 1760. The fort was attacked and destroyed by Indians in 1763 during Pontiac's uprising. — Map (db m42938) HM
Pennsylvania (Washington County), Amity — The Reverend Thaddeus Dodd — 1740 1793
Graduate of Princeton College, 1773 Pioneer, preacher and educator Founder and first pastor of the Upper and Lower Ten Mile Presbyterian Churches, 1779-1793 Established the first classical school west of the Allegheny Mountains in 1782. A . . . — Map (db m69905) HM
Pennsylvania (Washington County), California — California — (Keystone Marker)
West Brownsville - 4 California Historically famous as meeting place of settlers and Indians in 1767 Founded 1769 — Map (db m45005) HM
Pennsylvania (Washington County), Monongahela — One Extraordinary Street — The Story of Park Avenue
Immigrants from Italy, Central Europe and other regions settled in Monongahela, Pennsylvania. Through hard work, commitment to faith, family and each other, along with an innovative spirit, they built a thriving community of accomplishment in the . . . — Map (db m45009) HM
Pennsylvania (Washington County), Washington — Gantz Oil Well
Site of first oil well in Washington County. Oil was struck in Dec., 1884. First oil was shipped in 1885; last oil was pumped about 1916. This well led to the development of the Washington oil field. — Map (db m819) HM
Pennsylvania (Washington County), Washington — The Whiskey Rebellion
In 1791, the National Road Heritage Corridor was the stage for a national crisis that came to be known as the Whiskey Rebellion, a scene of climatic moments in the history of the United States and its newly formed government. Responding to the first . . . — Map (db m40412) HM
Pennsylvania (Washington County), Washington — Washington County
Formed March 28, 1781 out of Westmoreland County and named for General George Washington. A scene of activity in the Whiskey Rebellion, 1791-1794. The county seat, Washington, was made a borough in 1810; then a city in 1924. On the National Road, . . . — Map (db m40410) HM
Pennsylvania (Washington County), West Middletown — Ralston Thresher
Nearby was the site of the Robert McClure factory of pre-Civil War days. It pioneered in making Andrew Ralston's machine cleaning and threshing grain in a single operation, patented in 1842. — Map (db m40404) HM
Pennsylvania (Westmoreland County), Harrison City — Bushy Run Battlefield
British and Americans under Colonel Henry Bouquet defeated the Indians here, August 5-6, 1763, during the Pontiac War, and lifted the siege of Fort Pitt. — Map (db m55582) HM
Pennsylvania (Westmoreland County), Ligonier — Saint Clair Hollow
Named in honor of General Arthur Saint Clair. The source of this hollow is a large spring two miles south, where General Saint Clair, in a log cabin, spent his last days. He was, A Major General in the American Revolution. President of the . . . — Map (db m48068) HM
Pennsylvania (Westmoreland County), Monesson — Christian B. Anfinsen — (1916-1995)
Noted biochemist, born in Monessen. Recipient, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1972, for his pioneering study into the structure of the enzyme called "ribonuclease." A laboratory chief, National Institutes of Health, 1950-1982; he taught at Johns Hopkins . . . — Map (db m44984) HM
Pennsylvania (Westmoreland County), Vandergrift — Vandergrift
Hailed by historian Ida Tarbell as America's "most important industrial town," with homes owned by the workers. Founded 1895 by George G. McMurtry, president, Apollo Iron and Steel Company Named for Captain Jacob J. Vandergrift, and designed by the . . . — Map (db m40555) HM
Texas (Edwards County), Rocksprings — 1768 — First Methodist Church — Of Rocksprings
This congregation traces its beginning to organized religious gatherings led by the Rev. D. O. McAllister in a schoolhouse located on property owned by Mary Buswell in 1893. Early worship services were also held in a public schoolhouse and in the . . . — Map (db m122864) HM
Texas (Kerr County), Mountain Home — 5921 — Y.O. Ranch
Charles Armand Schreiner (1838-1927), a native of Alsace-Lorraine, immigrated to Texas with his family in 1852. He joined the Texas Rangers at age fifteen, and in 1856 entered the cattle business at Turtle Creek in Kerr County. He left to serve in . . . — Map (db m122870) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — K-265 — Fort Nelson
On the site of Portsmouth’s Naval Hospital stood Fort Nelson. There, Virginia’s Revolutionary government late in 1776 constructed the fort of timber and rammed earth. Three years later, the British fleet commanded by Admiral Sir George Collier . . . — Map (db m21145) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — K-268 — The Battle of Craney Island
On the morning of June 22, 1813, during the War of 1812, British naval and marine forces under the command of Admiral Sir John Borlase Warren landed here at Hoffler Creek. American armed militia under the command of Gen. Robert B. Taylor blocked the . . . — Map (db m22154) HM
West Virginia (Brooke County), Bethany — Bethany / Bethany College
Side A Bethany Here Scots-Irish Alexander Campbell founded a religious movement which he called the Disciples of Christ. In this place Amos Dolbear perfected parts of the telephone, and longtime Speaker of the House "Champ" Clark, . . . — Map (db m79899) HM
West Virginia (Brooke County), Bethany — Renner Union - Bethany House
Dedicated to R. Richard Renner, M.D. '17 and Jennie Steindorf Renner '22 A major grant from the Renner Foundation, which was matched by alumni gifts, made possible, in 1970, the complete remodeling of Bethany House built in 1948. Henry Clay . . . — Map (db m79901) HM
West Virginia (Brooke County), Wellsburg — Drovers Inn
Constructed by John Fowler, 1848-51 with bricks fired on the property. First known as Fowler's Inn, the house provided food and lodging for drovers herding livestock over the Wellsburg-Washington Turnpike to eastern markets. Other services provided . . . — Map (db m42167) HM
West Virginia (Hancock County), Chester — Rock Spring Park
Named for natural springs reputedly used by George Washington. Donated in 1857 for picnics and prize fights. Developed in 1897 as amusement park served by streetcar and boat attracting 15-20 thousand daily. Included dance pavilions, shooting . . . — Map (db m49697) HM
West Virginia (Hancock County), New Cumberland — Brickyard Bend
Named by boat captains for many brick works shipping from area. John Gamble first mined clay in 1839; James Porter had first brick works in 1832. By 1844, five works produced 1.5 million bricks. Later, some 20 plants: including Captain John Porter, . . . — Map (db m44118) HM
West Virginia (Hancock County), New Cumberland — Brickyard Bend
Named by boat captains for many brick works shipping from area. John Gamble first mined clay in 1830; James Porter had first brick works in 1832; five works in 1844 produced 1.5 million bricks. Later, over 20 plants, using local clay, gas and coal, . . . — Map (db m44120) HM
West Virginia (Hancock County), New Cumberland — Old Town
In 1839 John Cuppy laid out 42 lots on his farm between Ohio River and hill; added 50 lots in 1850. Named Vernon but called Cuppy Town. In 1840 John Chapman built the first house. Industry based on rich clay deposits, brick plants and river . . . — Map (db m44135) HM
West Virginia (Marshall County), Glen Dale — The Cockayne Farm / Samuel A.J. Cockayne
Side A The Cockayne Farm The Cockayne farmhouse was built by Bennett Cockayne around 1850. His son Samuel A.J. was renowned as a sheep breeder. Dubbed Glendale by Samuel's wife Hannah, the farm was the namesake for Glen Dale when it . . . — Map (db m102040) HM
West Virginia (Mineral County), Ridgley — Fort Sellers
On land Washington surveyed for Elias Sellers in 1748 stood this fort, important link in system of frontier defenses. It was garrisoned by an officer and thirty men and withstood several attacks by the Indians. — Map (db m19338) HM
West Virginia (Monongalia County), Blacksville — Blacksville
Site of Baldwin blockhouse, 1770-1775. Brice and Nathan Worley settled here in 1766. Nathan was killed by Indians in 1777. Laid out as a town in 1829 and lots sold through a lottery. Town is named for David Black, early settler. — Map (db m73798) HM
West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — Fort Henry
Attacked, 1777, by Wyandot, Mingo, and Shawnee Indians who were repulsed by garrison under David Shepherd after white scouting parties had lost heavily. Maj. Samuel McCullough made famous ride over cliff during attack. Last battle of the American . . . — Map (db m71075) HM
West Virginia (Pleasants County), St. Mary's — St. Mary's
Established as a town, 1851, by Alexander H. Creel on land originally granted to Henry Thomas, Revolutionary soldier, in 1785. Creel built the "Cain House", which became one of the most famous of the Ohio River taverns. — Map (db m80246) HM
West Virginia (Tyler County), Sistersville — "Big Moses" Well / Polecat Oil Well
Side A "Big Moses" Well Drilled on Joshua Russell farm 2 mi. North on Polecat Run. Almost abandoned because of presence of salt water, the well was made producer by Ludwig and Weeter's introduction of technology to siphon off water. . . . — Map (db m80252) HM
West Virginia (Wetzel County), New Martinsville — Mason-Dixon Line
Made famous as line between free and slave states before War Between the States. The survey establishing Maryland-Pennsylvania boundary began, 1763; halted by Indian wars, 1767; continued to southwest corner, 1782; marked, 1784. — Map (db m80248) HM
Wisconsin (Douglas County), South Range — Davidson Windmill
Built by Finnish immigrant and homesteader, Jacob (Tapola) Davidson, it served Old-Brule and Lakeside in the South Shore region from 1904 to 1926. Constructed of native materials, it was used for milling locally grown grains for both animal and . . . — Map (db m76206) HM

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