The Hill of Tara is Ireland's most revered ancient landscape, a place where monuments, myths and memories combine to create an icon of national identity.
Tara was the chief pagan sanctuary of early Ireland, an arena for ceremony, burial . . . — Map (db m92091) HM
Annie Moore and her brothers Anthony and Philip embarked from this town on 20 December, 1891 on the S.S. Nevada. Annie was the first person to be admitted to the United States of America through the new immigration centre at Ellis Island, New York . . . — Map (db m85821) HM
King Edward I died in Burgh-by-Sands on 7 July 1307 whilst leading a campaign against Robert the Bruce. He was laid in St. Michael's Church.
This plaque was unveiled by HRH The Duke of Kent, KG, GCMG, GCVO
on 3 July to mark the . . . — Map (db m85599) WM
Where National Park meets World Heritage Site
You have come to a very special place. The landscape is full of clues to our past, but it is also important for our future.
Not just a pretty place
The inspirational landscape . . . — Map (db m86361) HM
'For the boiling breakers are ever dashing themselves madly between the rocks hundreds of feet beneath, and the rope bridge thrown about by the wind like a fabric of thread. Few trust themselves upon this airy fabrication but Mr Wilson and I for . . . — Map (db m88325) HM
On the night of January 31st 1918, a disaster took place just a few miles off Anstruther when the British Grand Fleet left Rosyth for exercises in the North Sea. With wartime news restrictions in force, few if any people onshore were aware of . . . — Map (db m88928) HM
The greatest castle of the Scottish Highlands stands before you. Within its ruined walls, you can discover stories of the remarkable people who lived here, learn more about some of the dramatic chapters in Scotland's history and share memorable . . . — Map (db m87602) HM
In the summer of 1949 when Britain's fortunes in World War II were at their lowest ebb and an enemy invasion was threatened Winston Churchill boldly ordered the raising of an elite force to raid the enemy-held coastline of Europe and regain the . . . — Map (db m85790) WM
Wallace was a hero of Scotland's Wars of Independence against England during the 13th and 14th centuries.
Recent archaeological work on this site proves that during the 13th/14th centuries there was a significant fortified structure here . . . — Map (db m86406) HM
Sir Walter Scott loved the Borders landscape, history and people with a passion. He was the most popular writer of his age: when he died his funeral procession was over a mile long. It took his body from his home at Abbotsford to his tomb in . . . — Map (db m88925) HM
This monument, embodying the spirit of the Selkirk tradition and erected to commemorate the four hundredth anniversary of the Battle of Flodden Field, was unveiled by the Earl of Roseberry, K.G., KT.
Andrew Lusk Allan Provost
1913 — Map (db m85662) HM
Crossraguel Abbey was founded by Earl Duncan of Carrick (died 1250) and colonised by monks from the Cluniac abbey at Paisley. The lands bestowed on it lay almost entirely in Carrick, and included fishing rights, coal deposits and the churches of . . . — Map (db m88989) HM
Known locally as 'Croy Brae'
This runs the quarter mile from the bend overlooking Croy Railway Viaduct in the west (286 feet above ordnance Datum) to the wooded Craigencroy Glen (303 feet A.O.D.) to the east.
Whilst there is this slope of . . . — Map (db m88538) HM
Torn apart by the Wars of Independence, this stalwart castle survived siege after siege. Rebuilt, it became an imposing noble and royal stronghold.
1. Donjon, William Murray's grand residence.
2. Prison tower with a . . . — Map (db m88028) HM
This is the tomb of Captain William Edmonstone of Cambuswallace, killed at the Battle of Falkirk in 1746. It also honours the family of Falkirk-born, US shipping millionaire, Robert Dollar who gifted 13 bells to hang in the church tower — Map (db m88098) HM
This Memorial Fountain
near the spot where
Sir John De Graeme Fell
Robert Dollar ESQ,
of San Francisco
To Falkirk his native town
in honour of
Sir John De Graeme
and . . . — Map (db m88100) HM
Around 10,000 years ago the landscape would have been fairly thickly covered with trees. Into this environment came our hunting and gathering ancestors around 8,000 years ago. These people would have cleared some of the trees . . . — Map (db m86743) HM
(Obverse): First Alabama soldier to lose life in Civil War.
DeVotie graduated in 1856 from University of Alabama; Presbyterian Theological Seminary at Princeton in 1859. In 1856 at the University of Alabama, he was chief founder of Sigma . . . — Map (db m4219) HM
"Damn the Torpedoes!" is a familiar battle cry, but there's more to the story! The Mobile Civil War Trail is your guide to military movements and the way of life on and around Mobile Bay in the closing two years of the Civil . . . — Map (db m87247) HM
Incorporated November 16, 1818
Mooresville Post Office, c.1840, is the oldest operational post office in the state of Alabama. It has served the community form the same building since its . . . — Map (db m89028) HM
Once Farragut was in the Bay, capture of Fort Gaines and Powell would prevent his isolation there. So at 4:00 pm, August 3, 1864, 1,500 soldiers commanded by U.S. General Edward Canby (but under the operational direction of General Gordon . . . — Map (db m87219) HM
"Damn the Torpedoes!" is a familiar battle cry, but there's more to the story! The Mobile Civil War Trail is your guide to military movements and the way of life on and around Mobile Bay in the closing two years of the Civil . . . — Map (db m87288) HM
Let all who read these words of gratitude and praise know that tens of thousands of America's fighting men and women owe their lives to the deeds and courage of war dogs and their handlers. Further, let it be known that many breeds of dogs, large . . . — Map (db m74162) HM WM
Side A During the War Between the States medical knowledge was primitive. As a result, twice as many men died of disease than in battle from wounds. Early in the War, childhood diseases such as measles, mumps and chicken pox decimated entire . . . — Map (db m36495) HM
Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Incorporated
Mrs. Rosa Parks
Mother of the Civil Rights Movement
honorary member of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc.
where she boarded the Montgomery . . . — Map (db m85986) HM
Montgomery 1848-1849 Operations he devised cured a then considered hopeless malady—gaining him fame as a benefactor of women.
Founded—Women's Hospital—City of New York—-1855. Decorated by Emperor of France—Kings . . . — Map (db m87208) HM
This memorial was dedicated on April
6, 1918. After a parade through downtown
Montgomery by 30,000 predominately
Ohio troops stationed at nearby Camp
Sheridan. The original flagpole was
purchased with the contributions of the
school . . . — Map (db m74270) WM
Decatur played a key role in the Federal defenses of the vital rail lines in North Alabama. These defenses were configured in a three-tiered system. First, a number of lightly armored gunboats, constructed on the Tennessee River and nicknamed . . . — Map (db m86476) HM
Patrick Ronayne Cleburne,
Major General, C.S.A.
Born in County Cork,
March 17, 1828;
Killed at Battle of
November 30, 1864.
Dulce et decorum est
Pro patria mori.
Shiloh . . . — Map (db m86787) WM
A Revolutionary soldier volunteer under Capt.
Marks of Charlottesville, Va. Part of the time he belonged to the regiment that was detailed as a body guard to General LaFayette. He was in all the principle battles fought in New Jersey, Penn. and . . . — Map (db m87052) HM WM
May 18th, 1864. Logan’s 15th A.C. of the Army of the Tennessee [US] left Adairsville in afternoon, following the 4th & 14th A.C. [US] as far as this point, where it turned S.W. to Barnsley Gardens, where it joined K. Garrard’s Cavalry [US]. . . . — Map (db m40466) HM
During the night of October 4, Federal troops anxiously awaited in their defenses for the attack they knew would come.
Harvey M. Tremble at the 93rd Illinois Regiment recalled:
"That night the command slept under arms. All knew that . . . — Map (db m87379) HM
At this point, a crude wooden bridge spanned the cut about 90 feet above the railroad tracks. It was constructed by felling two pine trees across the cut, planking over them and adding a hand rail. During the battle, Private Edwin R. Fullington . . . — Map (db m87380) HM
Chartered by the state of Georgia in 1837, workmen completed the Western & Atlantic Railroad in 1850 over a winding 137-mile route from Atlanta, Georgia, to Chattanooga, Tennessee. At Allatoona, massive quantities of earth and stone were removed . . . — Map (db m87344) HM
The Georgia State Parks and Historic Sites, Redtop Mountain State Park, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the Friends of Georgia State Parks and Historic Sites, and the Etowah Valley Historic Society welcome you to Allatoona Pass Battlefield. We . . . — Map (db m87340) HM
Dedicated to the
our Southern heroes
by the Ladies
Is it death to fall for
Rest in peace our own
Southern . . . — Map (db m87331) WM
The Battle of Chickamauga began here on September 19, 1863, in the field adjacent to Jays Sawmill. The mill is no longer standing.
At dawn, Union Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas ordered two brigades to move eastward to this location to capture a . . . — Map (db m68403) HM
More than 4,000 soldiers lost their lives at Chickamauga
The short path ahead leads to the grave of a loan Confederate. Pvt. John Andrew Ingraham was a local man, one of many who join the Confederate Army. He was killed at midday on . . . — Map (db m87411) HM
>>>>— ½ mile ——>
One half mile east is the site of Cherokee Springs Confederate Hospital, located here in 1862-1863. Hundreds of sick and wounded Confederate soldiers were sent to the hospital to rest and recuperate, being . . . — Map (db m89194) HM
Here in 1862-1863 were located several Confederate hospitals - The Foard, The General, The Bragg, and The Buckner. The Courthouse, Napier's Hotel, two
Churches, several warehouses, and temporary buildings were also used as hospitals. More than . . . — Map (db m12196) HM
The Evans house was a double-pen log structure located on the corner of Guyler and Nashville Streets in Ringgold. Before the war the widow Evans took in boarders at the house to provide an income for her family. Two of these were nurses from the . . . — Map (db m68972) HM
In wartime the moat was filled with water
from the South Channel of the Savannah
River. This feeder canal featured stop-lock
gates which provided water control and
access to small barges bringing supplies to
the fort. When filled from this . . . — Map (db m13187) HM
Surrounded on all sides by the moat, the demilune (literally “half-moon”) protected the vulnerable fort entrance. This triangular area was modified in 1872 by the addition of earthen mounds which housed powder magazines. During the . . . — Map (db m67779) HM
Union Attackers failed to split the Confederate army here.
On the morning of June 27, 1864, three brigades totaling 5,500 soldiers from Ohio, Indiana and Illinois charged toward Pigeon Hill. Advancing in battle lines astride Burnt . . . — Map (db m87423) HM
Beaten federals entrenched within 30 yards to the Confederate earthworks.
As the Union attack stalled, two surviving Federal colonels hastily discussed retreat. Realizing that withdrawal under heavy fire would invite more bloodshed, they . . . — Map (db m87417) HM
This bend in the Confederate line became the battle's focal point.
At 9 a.m. on June 27, 1864, thousands of yelling, blue-clad soldiers charged across the distant field toward the Tennessee soldiers in these earthworks. As the federals . . . — Map (db m87415) HM
Tennessee cannoneers positioned two 12-pounder howitzers within this redoubt. Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Cheatham ordered these artillery crews to camouflage the earthen mounds with cut underbrush and to hold their fire unless attacked. For the next . . . — Map (db m70085) HM
3,000 Confederate dead from every southern state are buried in this cemetery. First established for [CS] soldiers killed in a railroad collision in 1863, it became the resting place for dead from nearby battlefields. In 1866, under the direction of . . . — Map (db m17007) HM
One of the two abortive attempts to break Johnson’s line, * June 27, 1864, was made in this area by 3 Federal brigades. Deployed on the ridge W. of the stream & astride Burnt Hickory Rd., they moved E. toward the Spur of the mountain, which was the . . . — Map (db m867) HM
The richer, the wiser, the more powerful a man is, the greater is the obligation upon him to employ his gifts in the lessening of that sum of human misery.
Those who labor in the earth . . . — Map (db m87449) WM
Constructed in 1847 by the
Western & Atlantic Rail Road
Purchased by the
City of Calhoun 1990
Roof Donation by the
Calhoun Woman's Club 1991
Renovated by the
City of Calhoun 1996/97
Construction Project Manager
Councilman . . . — Map (db m87057)
At this point the intrenched line of Gen. John B. Hood's Corps (CS) crossed the road ~ this corps being one of the three composing Gen. J.E. Johnston's Army of Tennessee. Line faced N., Hindman's Div. (CS) on the left extended W. to Camp Creek . . . — Map (db m11554) HM
Our Confederate Soldiers
To the defenders of
The record of whose fortitude and
heroism in the service of their
country is the proud heritage of
a loyal posterity.
"Tell ye . . . — Map (db m87466) WM
Death Before Dishonor Erected by the Commonwealth in memory of her sons who died in Andersonville 1864-1865
Approved May 28,
W. Murray, Crane . . . — Map (db m12127) HM
Our Honored Dead
Pvt. Charles N. Allen, Co. D, 1st Reg. Cav.
Sgt. John H. Austin, Co. H, 1st Reg. Cav.
Pvt. Frederick Bane, Co. A, 5th Reg. Art.
Pvt. John W. Bidmead, Co. G, 1st Reg. Cav.
Pvt. James . . . — Map (db m12131) HM
This downstream end of Stockade Branch was the site of the camp "sinks" or latrines. According to the Confederates' original plan, prisoners would get drinking water upstream and use latrines downstream, where the current would flush sewage out . . . — Map (db m89243) HM
The unhewn logs with daylight between them betray the Confederates' haste to expand the north end of camp. In contrast, the reconstruction at the North Gate section show the carefully planned design of the stockade's initial 16 acres, when . . . — Map (db m89248) HM
You are about to enter Andersonville, one of the largest Confederate prisoner-of-war camps. Of the 45,000 Union soldiers confined here, nearly 13,000 died. Beyond a walking tour of the stockade area, a visit to Andersonville involves an inner . . . — Map (db m12145) HM
These carefully hewn, closely fitted logs reflect the deliberate design of the prison's initial sixteen and one-half acres. At the far northeast corner, haphazardly spaced tree trunks reveal the hasty construction of the camp's ten-acre addition. . . . — Map (db m89233) HM
This building is a memorial to all Americans held as prisoners of war. Through exhibits and video presentations the museum is a reminder that American's freedoms can come at great cost.
The museum's architecture is not based on a specific place . . . — Map (db m73170) HM WM
Captain Henry Wirz
Born Zurich, Switzerland, 1822
Sentenced to death
and executed at Washington D.C.
Nov. 10, 1865.
To rescue his name from the stigma . . . — Map (db m87990) HM WM
Boynton, born in Henry County, Georgia, enlisted as a private in the thirtieth Georgia Regiment and rose to the rank of Colonel of the Regiment. His regiment bore its full share of danger and toil and the regiment never went into action except . . . — Map (db m88976) HM
Crittenden, born in Russelville, Kentucky, was a lawyer before the war, and served as US Council in Liverpool, England. He joined the military and fought in the Mexican War. He commanded the 21st Corp at Chickamauga. After the war he served as . . . — Map (db m88980) HM
General James Longstreet, C.S.A., was in command of the left wing of the Army of Tennessee, commanded by General Braxton Bragg. Longstreet's forces broke the federal lines at the Brotherton house, which threw the Union Army into full retreat to . . . — Map (db m88975) HM
1.5 Mi. W. this road ascends to and crosses the summit of Rocky Face ridge -- a direct route between Dalton and LaFayette.
May 7, 1864. Grigsby's brigade (Wheeler's Cav.), after retreating from Tunnel Hill to Mill Creek Cap, camped on this road . . . — Map (db m10788) HM
Federal forces moved south on this road in an attempt to outflank the Confederate defenders at Mill Creek Gap, which was being threatened by two Federal divisions from the west. These movements were to test the strength of Johnston`s army at Dalton. . . . — Map (db m10786) HM
During demonstrations on Rocky Face & in Crow Valley, by 4th & 23d Army Corps troops, the northern line of Dalton’s defense works crossed the road here. Stevenson’s div. (Hood’s Army Corps) held this sector, his left at Cheatham’s line, at Signal . . . — Map (db m17162) HM
The Atlanta Campaign opened at 3:00 AM on the morning of May 7th as the bugles of McCook's Federal Brigade sounded reveille at their camps near Ringgold. Federal troops occupied the village of Tunnel Hill and approached Buzzard's Roost Pass, as Mill . . . — Map (db m86522) HM
Date of Construction: 1852
Builder: Western and Atlantic Railroad
Original Occupancy: Railroad Station
Here, during the Civil War on April 12, 1862, the engine "Texas," dropped off a telegraph operator with orders to warn the Confederate . . . — Map (db m86525) HM
Otherwise known as Buzzard Roost. This natural gateway through Rock Face Ridge was heavily fortified by Confederate forces at Dalton after their
retreat from Missionary Ridge. February 25, 1864, the Federal 14th A.C., Dept. of the Cumberland, . . . — Map (db m11072) HM
This memorial park and monument honor the memory of Elder Joseph Standing of Salt Lake City, Utah, a missionary of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, (Mormon) who was killed here by a mob July 21, 1879. His companion, Elder Rudger . . . — Map (db m22501) HM
There were 2 demonstrations by Federal forces on Dalton, in 1864: Feb. 24-26; May 7-12. On these over-lapping fields of operation, the Burke House & spring were noted landmarks. Feb. 25, Cruft`s & Baird`s divs. (4th & 14th A.C.), via the low ridge . . . — Map (db m10929) HM
For travelers who had to walk, the Appalachian mountains seemed like an impenetrable wall, 600 miles long and 150 miles wide. Here at Cumberland Gap you could find both a good way in and a good way out of that rugged labyrinth of ridges, coves, . . . — Map (db m35880) HM
They were outnumbered, but they were ready. Watching from the top of the hill across the road, members of the 3rd Ohio Infantry Regiment saw waves of attacking Confederate infantry moving toward them. These Federal soldiers, anchoring the southern . . . — Map (db m46491) HM
Forced back from the hills above Doctor's Creek, the Union soldiers retreated to this position. Their lines were in chaos - regiments intermingled, the wounded were left behind and some panicked troops raced for the rear. Most soldiers, however, . . . — Map (db m88483) HM
Perryville Battlefield has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United . . . — Map (db m21450) HM
On the ridge to your right front and across the paved road fought the 15th Kentucky Infantry (US). The 15th was recruited in the fall of 1861 from northern Kentucky and the Louisville area. At Perryville the regiment (part of Colonel William Lytle’s . . . — Map (db m46490) HM
The battle which climaxed the major Confederate invasion of Kentucky was fought on these hills west of Perryville.
A sharp clash occurred on October 7 in order to gain possession of the only water supply in the vicinity. The opposing armies . . . — Map (db m21474) HM
During the battle, more than 7,500 soldiers were killed or wounded. The town's 300 inhabitants were left to bury the dead, care for the injured, and repair their homes after months of post-battle occupation.
Perhaps no civilian suffered more . . . — Map (db m88472) HM
In these fields, a Union brigade commanded by Colonel George Penny Webster supported the main Union battle line. Webster's troops, numbering more than 3,000 men from Ohio and Indiana, were new soldiers who would soon experience the horrors of . . . — Map (db m88695) HM
After the early morning engagement near Mt. Zion Church both sides regrouped. Manson deployed the Union forces here at Duncannon Road, placing his brigade on the east side of the Old State Road (US 421) and Gen. Cruft's brigade on the west side. . . . — Map (db m86281) HM
The Battle of Richmond began about 5 AM on August 30, 1862, as pickets from Gen. Mahlon Manson's Union brigade and Gen. Patrick Cleburne's Confederate division exchanged shots. With the initial rattle of musketry both side began shaping their lines, . . . — Map (db m86263) HM
Just as the Confederate line began to push Gen. Mahlon Manson's army, Gen. Charles Cruft brought a portion of his brigade, two regiments of infantry and a partial artillery battery, onto the field. The 95th Ohio and 18th Kentucky were in the lead . . . — Map (db m86269) HM
This cemetery hold the remains of some of the Barnett family, who settled this land sometime before 1804, and their servants. While most of these markers are inscribed, there are also at least three unidentified field-stone . . . — Map (db m86272) HM
(Front): Built in 1852, this building was adjacent to location of the Battle of Richmond, Aug. 29-30, 1862, and became field hospital for Gen. Wm. Nelson's 1st and 2nd brigades, USA. Mortality was high, and about forty Union soldiers were . . . — Map (db m31471) HM
"On the 29th I made a reconnaissance of the enemy with my whole command." Col. John Scott, 1st Louisiana Cavalry Gen. Mahlon Manson was south of Richmond when he received word that Confederate cavalry was to his south. Manson marched his . . . — Map (db m31510) HM
General Thomas Churchill ***
Gen. Thomas James Churchill commanded the brigade of Texas dismounted cavalry that delivered the crushing blow to the Union right. Churchill had come a long way home to lead the assault. ***
Thomas James . . . — Map (db m48177) HM
Michigan Light Artillery Regiment
During the Civil War more than three thousand men served in Michigan's First Regiment of Artillery. The twelve batteries saw action in both major theaters. Unlike in infantry . . . — Map (db m66937) HM
The Battle of Richmond began in the early morning hours of August 30, 1862. Near this site Confederate cavalry pushed Union pickets north - toward the main Union line. Confederate Gen. Patrick Cleburne placed his artillery to the southeast, on a . . . — Map (db m31625) HM
After the initial contact between the Union and Confederate forces in the foggy half light of the winter morning, Colonel Speed Fry, commanding the 4th Kentucky Infantry (US), pulled his men back to a rail fence on a hill east of the Mill Springs . . . — Map (db m62999) HM
An unnamed citizen of Frederick City said the following of the Confederates he had beheld marching through his hometown: “I have never seen a mass of such filthy strong-smelling men. Three in a room would make it unbearable, and when marching . . . — Map (db m1521) HM
(Left Side) On September 4, 1862, General Robert E. Lee, hoping to shorten the war by winning a decisive victory on Northern soil, crossed the Potomac River into Maryland. Lee planned to draw the Army of the Potomac through South Mountain into . . . — Map (db m2040) HM
In the advance of the Union forces to repel the invasion of Maryland by the Confederates, the Army of the Potomac commanded by Major General Geo. B. McClellan, moved northward from Washington with its front extending from near the Baltimore and Ohio . . . — Map (db m1595) HM
Hill's five brigades were encamped at and around Boonsboro to prevent the escape of the Union forces at Harper's Ferry, through Pleasant Valley. Informed that two Union brigades were approaching Turner's Pass, Hill, on the evening of September 13, . . . — Map (db m1596) HM
(September 14, 1862) Upon the approach of the Sixth Corps, Army of the Potomac, from Jefferson, Col. T. T. Munford, Commanding Cavalry Brigade, prepared to dispute its advance through this Pass. Mahone’s Brigade, Lt. Col. Parham, Commanding, was . . . — Map (db m2023) HM
None of the structures you see here in Crampton’s Gap existed during the battle on September 14, 1862. George Alfred Townsend constructed all the stone buildings and walls, as well as the Correspondents’ Arch, between 1884 and 1896. Townsend, . . . — Map (db m1931) HM
C. S. A. Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws' Command (September 12-13, 1862) McLaws’ Command consisted of Kershaw’s, Barksdale’s, Semmes’ and Cobb’s Brigades of his own Division and R. H. Anderson’s Division of six Brigades-Wilcox’s, Mahone’s, . . . — Map (db m2021) HM
U. S. A. Sixth Army Corps. Major Gen. W. B. Franklin, Commanding (September 14, 1862) The Sixth Corps consisted of two Divisions commanded by Major Generals H. W. Slocum and W. F. Smith. On the march of the Army of the Potomac through Maryland, . . . — Map (db m2024) HM
Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4–6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. . . . — Map (db m18382) HM
3:00-4:30 p.m. July 9, 1864 So profuse was the flow of blood from the killed and wounded of both sides of these forces that it reddened the stream [on the Thomas Farm] for more than 100 yards below. Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon The first . . . — Map (db m89244) HM
Fields of wheat and corn surrounded the hilltop farmhouse of John T. Worthington. Few trees obstructed his views of the meandering Monocacy River and Thomas farm to the east. In the two years since buying the 300-acre farm, Worthington had seen . . . — Map (db m3283) HM
In Memory of Those Journalists Who Gave Their Lives
Reporting on the War on Terrorism
The Wall Street Journal
Afghanistan - February 2002
Iraq - April 2003
Michael . . . — Map (db m86942) HM
When Gen. Robert E. Lee and part of the Army of Northern Virginia passes through Middletown on September 10–11, 1862, they encountered a chilly reception. The inhabitants of this single-street hamlet on the National Road loved the Union, and . . . — Map (db m21911) HM
September, 1862, soldiers wounded in the Battle of South Mountain were hospitalized in churches here. July 1863, Gen. Meade established headquarters here as Union Forces pursued Confederates retreating from Gettysburg. July, 1864, Confederate Gen. . . . — Map (db m414) HM
Outnumbered Southerners watched the Northern Ninth Corps climb the hills toward them:
"The first thing we saw appear was the gilt eagle that surmounted the pole, then the top of the flag, next the flutter of the stars and stripes itself, . . . — Map (db m89210) HM
Maryland 2nd Md Infantry At 9:30 a.m. advanced on the stone bridge, defended by Toombs' Brigade and two batt- eries on high ground beyond. Charged to within 100 yards of the bridge when, checked by the severity of the enemy's fire it took . . . — Map (db m6463) HM
Only extant redan of six built in 1862 by U.S. troops as outer defense south and west of town. Taken on Oct. 3, 1862, by C.S. forces after fierce fighting. Battle resumed on Oct. 4, but C.S. troops forced to withdraw. — Map (db m66613) HM
Col. W.P. Rogers
2nd Texas Reg't.
Killed at Ft. Robinette
Oct. 4, 1862.
As long as courage, manliness and
patriotism exist, the name of
Rogers will be honored among
men. He fell in the front of
battle in the . . . — Map (db m89036) WM
Corinth City Hall now occupies this site, but early in the war the Houston Mitchell family lived in this spacious home. A favorite house among the general officers who served in Corinth at various times, the Mitchell residence was used as . . . — Map (db m88942) HM
(Front): Texas remembers the valor and devotion of its sons which served at Corinth and its surrounding environs during the Western Campaign of 1862.
Here in the days following the retreat of Southern forces from the battlefield of . . . — Map (db m42632) HM
Brig. Gen. Benjamin Grierson's Federal cavalry (3,300 troops) left Stubbs plantation (nine miles northwest of Brice's Cross Roads) at daybreak on June 10, 1864. By 10:00 a.m. the cavalry had reached Brice's Cross Roads and advance units had . . . — Map (db m62172) HM
at 1:00 o'clock. General Forrest's men were all on the field ready for action. From a quarter of a mile north and extending more than a mile south across the Guntown Road the Confederates formed a pincers movement against the enemy. Confederate . . . — Map (db m62106) HM
Second Battle Line
General Sturis was able to use
his infantry here for the first
time in the battle. General Forrest
had beaten the Union Cavalry
before the infantry reached the
battlefield. Infantry and cavalry
formed . . . — Map (db m89096) HM
First Shots of
the Battle of
were fired here
June 10, 1864
Scouts from General
Nathan Bedford Forrest's
7th Tennessee (Confederate)
met scouts from General
Samuel D. Sturgis' 4th . . . — Map (db m89091) HM
Placing the 93rd Illinois,
8th Illinois and 114th
Illinois Infantry here and
immediately behind, he
placed his artillery
consisting of Battery B
of 2nd Illinois; 7th Wisconsin
Battery; 14th Indiana . . . — Map (db m5738) HM
Welcome to the Mississippi's Final Stands Interpretive Center. After visiting our museum gallery, we hope that you will tour the Brice's Crossroads and Tupelo battlefields for yourself, with the help of our audio tour and roadside signage.
. . . — Map (db m91147) HM
Near this site is the intersection of a local road between the county seats of Ripley (Tippah) and Fulton (Itawamba) and the wire road that connected the county seats of Jacinto (Tishomingo) and Pontotoc (Pontotoc). The community of Bethany, . . . — Map (db m91176) HM
In 1832, this area ceded from the Chickasaw Nation to the United States by the Treaty of Pontotoc and became part of the State of Mississippi. According to the treaty, the land was surveyed and offered for sale by the Federal Government. The . . . — Map (db m91177) HM
On October 3, 1945, a ten-year old Elvis played to his first crowd on these grounds and took 5th place in a talent show.
Eleven years later he returned as the King of Rock and Roll!
Elvis in Tupelo
Elvis Aron Presley was born . . . — Map (db m91174) HM
Erected in honor of
and to the memory of
sons and daughters.
The love, gratitude,
and memory of the
people of the South
Shall gild their
fame in one eternal . . . — Map (db m89098) WM
On May 30, 1862, a Union brigade under the command of Col. W.L. Elliott of the Second Iowa Cavalry advanced to Booneville. Entering town at daybreak, the Federals destroyed the depot and a large train loaded with munitions and equipment and . . . — Map (db m89043) HM
President Confederate States
Cadet U.S. Military Academy 1821
2nd Lt. 1st U.S. Infantry July 1, 1828
1st Lieut. Dragoons March 4, 1833
Adjt. Aug. 30, 1833 to Feb. 3, 1834
Resigned June 30, 1835
Col. 1st Miss. . . . — Map (db m88183) HM WM
After 47 days under siege, the battle could only end in surrender—or a dramatic rescue. Inside Vicksburg, General Pemberton faced harsh realities—one third of his troops were too sick to fight, their drinking water was contaminated, they . . . — Map (db m81907) HM
Here in the shade of a stunted oak General John C. Pemberton met General Ulysses S. Grant to negotiate the surrender of Vicksburg. When Pemberton refused unconditional surrender terms, Grant suggested they step aside and let subordinate officers . . . — Map (db m5991) HM
The historic Cashtown Inn has been offering lodging and dining to weary travelers since the turn of the 19th Century. Roads were important to town development, just as the automobile was important to their prosperity. As roads brought travelers . . . — Map (db m68558) HM
General Robert E. Lee and his staff planned one of America's greatest battles at this site. Almost a century later the site began offering overnight accommodations to travelers coming to pay homage to their heroes. Gutted by fire in 1896, the . . . — Map (db m94496) HM
"Rude shelters were thrown up of the loose rocks that covered the ground." Col. Joshua L. Chamberlain, U.S.A. Commander, 20th Maine Volunteers The increased range and accuracy of Civil War weapons made prolonged exposure to enemy fire extremely . . . — Map (db m14936) HM
"The sharpshooters also began their deadly work, and the sharp zip - p-i-n-g-g-g - of the spiteful rifle ball, more dangerous than its larger brother, added to our perils." Capt. <blurred> G. Carter, U.S.A. 22nd Massachusetts Infantry Little . . . — Map (db m14913) HM
"I saw that this [Little Round Top] was the key to the whole position..." Brig. Gen. G.K. Warren, U.S.A. Chief of Engineers, Army of the Potomac About 3:30 p.m. on July 2, the Union army's Chief Engineer, Brig. Gen. G.K. Warren, stepped out on . . . — Map (db m14919) HM
General Robert E. Lee Mounted on "Traveller" The group represents various types who left civil occupations to join the Confederate Army. Left to right; a professional man, a mechanic, an artist, a boy, a business man, a farmer, a youth. Dedicated . . . — Map (db m11934) HM
Confederate batteries hidden in the dunes of Morris Island, directly in front of you, commanded the approach to Charleston Harbor. Union forces needed Morris Island, a key location from which to attack Fort Sumter, less than one mile away. On July . . . — Map (db m84003) HM
Originally founded by twelve Scottish families, it was familiarly known in its early history as the Scots' Kirk.
The present church replaced an earlier one, which had been enlarged once before the American Revolution and twice afterwards. . . . — Map (db m39315) HM
(Front text) On June 18, 1812, the United States declared war against Great Britain. One of the first units to be mustered into service was the Third Regiment of South Carolina Militia, which was stationed at Haddrell's Point, west of here, . . . — Map (db m39505) HM
In 1776 South Carolinians prepared for a British invasion by building a fort on this site. This key position on Sullivans Island, beside the main ship channel, protected the entrance to Charleston Harbor. The fort was designed as a 500-foot square . . . — Map (db m67399) HM
After firing twice, the militia retreated behind the
Continentals who were awaiting the British advance in this area. British reinforcements, Fraser's 71st Highlanders, threatened the Continentals' right flank. Lt. Col. Howard ordered his right . . . — Map (db m13031) HM
This line consisted of Continentals from Maryland and Delaware as well as militia from Virginia and North Carolina. Seasoned veterans under Lt. Col. John Eager Howard of Maryland, they had served at least one year and were Morgan's most reliable . . . — Map (db m13064) HM
South Carolina Women
Of The Confederacy
By The Men Of Their State
In this monument
Generations unborn shall hear the voice
Of a grateful . . . — Map (db m21928) HM
Imagine hundreds of men, dressed more or less alike, heart still pounding from the fever of battle, milling around this hillside as the sun sets. Whigs and Tories both sleep on wet, cold ground, amid the groans of wounded and dying men.
The rebel . . . — Map (db m17657) HM
Ante-bellum newspaper editor and Brigadier General in Confederate Army. Killed at battle of Fishing Creek, Kentucky, January 19, 1862. He was first Confederate general killed in the West. — Map (db m86365) HM
A native of Pennsylvania, William Carroll moved to Nashville in 1810. He became a successful merchant and hero of the War of 1812. William Carroll served longer as Governor, 12 years, than anyone else in the history of the state. Under his . . . — Map (db m39407) HM
Captain of sea-going sailing vessels from Salem, Massachusetts, lived in Nashville in his later years. It was his flag, which he called "Old Glory," that was raised over the State Capitol when Federal troops captured Nashville in 1862. — Map (db m86366) HM
Front of the Monument
To The Andrews Raiders
Right side of the Monument
21st Ohio Vol. Inf.
J. Alfred Wilson, Co. C
Mark Wood, " "
Wm. J. Knight, " E
Wilson W. . . . — Map (db m56807) HM
This city was first occupied by Confederate troops in the spring of 1862 under Generals Floyd, Maxey and Leadbetter. Union troops under General Mitchell shelled it June 7 and 8. Bragg's Army occupied it in August preparing for the Kentucky campaign, . . . — Map (db m81670) HM
Swaim’s Jail, a small two-story brick building set into the side of the slope and surrounded by a high board fence, stood across the street. Confederate authorities held Andrew’s Raiders there after their capture in April 1862. James J. Andrews, 22 . . . — Map (db m51690) HM
In these sacred grounds the sons of eleven southern states are buried.
The most of them died in hospitals at Chattanooga, from wounds received in the Battle of Murfreesboro and from sickness and wounds incurred in the campaigns from January . . . — Map (db m88266) HM
The mighty Tennessee River extends 652 miles from its source near Knoxville to its confluence with the Ohio River at Paducah, Kentucky. During the Civil War the river was a natural highway through this region, but sections of rapids were impassable . . . — Map (db m68845) HM
Colonel Hardin was born in Virginia but moved to North Carolina in 1772. During the Revolutionary War, he fought at King's Mountain and elsewhere in the South. He was Speaker of the House of the State of Franklin in 1785 and a member of the . . . — Map (db m28702) HM
(Preface): After the February 1862 Union victories at Forts Henry and Donelson, Gen. Don Carlos Buell's army occupied Nashville while Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's army penetrated to Pittsburg Landing on the Tennessee River. Buell and Grant planned . . . — Map (db m81845) HM
After six hours of bloody fighting here, it became evident that Confederate infantry alone would not break the strong Union defenses along the Sunken Road and the thickets beyond. Toward late afternoon, Brig. Gen. Daniel Ruggles brought forward . . . — Map (db m20974) HM
Forrest placed the burden of the battle at Parker's Crossroads on his artillery, planning to win the battle with his cannoneers. His effective use of artillery allowed the Confederates to dominate the first two-thirds of the battle.
As . . . — Map (db m72263) HM
Forrest planned to encircle the Union position with artillery, using his guns to fight the battle rather than engaging his dismounted troops in close small arms combat. When Forrest deployed his troops following the engagement at Hicks' field . . . — Map (db m72319) HM
Late in 1862, the Union army under Ulysses S. Grant threatened Vicksburg, Mississippi. Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg ordered Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest to sever Grant's West Tennessee supply line which extended from Columbus, Kentucky, via the . . . — Map (db m72222) HM
On the evening of December 30, Forrest's scouts ascertained that Dunham's Brigade was just north of Clarksburg. Forrest, knowing that General Sullivan was at Huntingdon, "determined to throw his force between Dunham and Sullivan and whip the . . . — Map (db m72278) HM
As the battle moved from Hicks Field through the crossroads, Forrest's troops began to move east, roughly along the Wildersville Road. Here, near Jones Cemetery, Confederate soldiers watered their horses and filled their canteens at an old dug well, . . . — Map (db m72203) HM
On December 31, 1862, the Union forces that had been pursuing General Nathan Bedford Forrest and his cavalry for two weeks finally intercepted the Confederate raiders.
Colonel Cyrus Dunham commanded the Union force that met Forrest at Parker's . . . — Map (db m72216) HM
Union Forces Cyrus Livingston Dunham was born in Dryden, New York, on January 16, 1817. In 1841 he moved to Salem, Indiana, where he practiced law and served as a Democratic congressman. He entered the Union service in 1861 as Colonel of the . . . — Map (db m81888) HM
Union Victory in the West — January-June 1862
After their resounding victory at Manassas, Virginia on July 21, 1861, many Confederates expected a fast and victorious end to the war. It was not to be. During the first half of 1862 . . . — Map (db m72217) HM
Two Futile Charges
The Union line, positioned about one-quarter mile north of here, made two futile charges against the Confederate guns. Forrest then ordered a general advance and his line, utilizing a frightful barrage of artillery and . . . — Map (db m76942) HM
Forrest's Brilliant and Unconventional Use of Artillery is one of the hallmarks of the Battle of Parker's Crossroads. He placed his artillery in front of his troops, rather than behind them, and used a continuous barrage of fire from his guns . . . — Map (db m87530) HM
Seven miles west are buried soldiers who took part in every war beginning with the Revolution. Among these is Capt. Robert Bean, credited with significant action at the Battle of King's Mountain. — Map (db m26025) HM
In this house, Lt. Gen. Hood established his command post while bypassing Maj. Gen. Schofield's force at Columbia, Nov. 24, 1864. Here also, Dec. 20, Maj. Gen. Forrest issued orders for covering the retreat southward of the Army of Tennessee. On . . . — Map (db m75040) HM
Land donated by Richard "Kettle Dick" Anderson from 2,000 acre land grant he settled in 1810. Named "Old Well" for well at NW corner of cemetery dug by Andrew Jackson's army returning from the battle of New Orleans. Early settlers used the well as . . . — Map (db m102063) HM
By 4:00 p.m., Patrick Cleburne had marched his division north on the Rally Hill Pike. A brief meeting with several of Forrest's officers indicated that Federals were located in force between the Rally Hill Pike and the Columbia-Franklin Pike due . . . — Map (db m87559) HM
As Forrest's cavalry fought their way to the outskirts of Spring Hill by 2:30 p.m., they observed Brigadier General George Wagner's division marching into the town. Forrest, aggressive as ever, determined to attack quickly to seize the town and . . . — Map (db m87561) HM
After nightfall, Confederate Gen. Edward Johnson's division began moving into position on the left of Gen. William B. Bate's division. Johnson, whose unit was part of Gen. S.D. Lee's corps, had been ordered forward from the vicinity of Rutherford . . . — Map (db m88973) HM
There were several boat landings in this general area during the nineteenth century. An 1827 drawing shows a public landing approximately on-half mile north of this spot, but changes in the "batture" or built-up bank caused by the river moved the . . . — Map (db m88262) HM
With their left at the Angle crashed and their center near the Five Forks intersection overrun, the Confederates made a final stand here, in and around Gilliam’s field. Across the open ground to your right, Brig. Gen. George Armstrong Custer led two . . . — Map (db m6215) HM
“When we moved toward Five Forks…we were not expecting any attack that afternoon, so far as I know. Our throwing up works and taking position were simply general matters of military precaution.” - Major General Fitzhugh Lee, CSA . . . — Map (db m6213) HM
This landscape re-creates elements of a typical Southside Virginia plantation during the mid-nineteenth century. Tudor Hall, an original nineteenth-century building, was at the center of a farm that supported the owner, his family, and their slaves. . . . — Map (db m15438) HM
The house and grounds are not open to the public. "The pillars of the porch...were speckled with the marks of bullets. Shells and shot had made sad havoc with the walls and the woodwork inside. The windows were shivered, the partitions torn . . . — Map (db m8635) HM
2nd Brigade, 1st Div., II Corps
Army of the Potomac
While posted here in the early morning of Dec. 13, 1862, the men of the Irish Brigade placed sprigs of boxwood in their caps in honor of their Irish heritage. Later in the day, they took . . . — Map (db m5097) HM
In December 1862 Confederate artillery on this hill rained shot and shell on attacking Union soldiers advancing out of Fredericksburg. Next to the guns was a small brick building, one of three that then occupied this part of the heights. "The little . . . — Map (db m8712) HM
General Robert E. Lee hoped that a crossfire of Confederate artillery directed against the crest of Malvern Hill might silence the powerful array of Union guns and clear the way for an infantry charge. Generals Longstreet and Jackson established . . . — Map (db m29399) HM
The exact spot where Tennessee, Kentucky, and Virginia met is not easy to see on the ridge line below. Nor was it easy to determine. In 1665 Great Britain's King Charles II declared his Virginia colony was to be separated from his Carolina colony . . . — Map (db m35907) HM
General Barnard Elliott Bee of South Carolina Commander, Third Brigade Army of the Shenandoah was killed here July 21, 1861 Just before his death to rally his scattered troops he gave this command “Form. form. There stands Jackson like a . . . — Map (db m540) HM
Union Soldiers built Henry Hill Monument to commemorate those who died at First Bull Run (Manassas). For many Civil War veterans this had been their first battle. Intense memories drew both Union and Confederate soldiers back to this scene years . . . — Map (db m33211) HM
When "Stonewall" Jackson reached this point at about 9 p.m. on May 2, 1863, he stood at the peak of his military career. Four hundred yards in front of you, a shaken Union army hastily built earthworks to halt the Confederate tide. One hundred yards . . . — Map (db m3980) HM
To reach the Union army's right flank, Jackson would have to march his corps twelve miles over narrow, unpaved roads. The general hoped to have his men moving by dawn on May 2, but he got an unusually late start. It was past 7 a.m. before his troops . . . — Map (db m3555) HM
Confederate artillery here supported one of the largest infantry attacks of the Civil War. At dawn "Stonewall" Jackson's corps, now led by J.E.B. Stuart, struck the Union line from the west, in the woods to your left-front. At the same time, Lee's . . . — Map (db m3617) HM
As the tumult of battle subsided, new sounds filled the air; the cries and moans of wounded soldiers. Two days of fighting around Salem Church left about 4,000 men killed or wounded. As soon as the battle ended, Confederate surgeons turned the . . . — Map (db m3510) HM
Under the British Flag (Left of Marker): The garrison marched out between the two lines of American troops reluctantly enough, and laid down their arms. A corporal next to me shed tears, and embracing his flintlock, threw it down, saying, . . . — Map (db m77670) HM
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