“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

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Battle of Monocacy Marker image, Touch for more information
By Brandon Fletcher, June 25, 2009
Battle of Monocacy Marker
Ireland, Munster (County Cork), Cobh — Bishop Roche Park/ Cove FortPáircan Easpaig De Róiste/Dún An Cóibh — Titanic Memorial Garden
English: Cove Fort was built by Vice-Admiral Malcolm, the first Naval Commander of the Navy garrison in Cobh, in the mid 18th Century as a fortification for the garrison. The Fort comprised of a barracks, with 3 tiers of twenty four . . . — Map (db m85827) HM
United Kingdom, England, London — Trial of William WallaceWestminster Hall
Near this spot, at the Kings Bench at the South end of the Hall, took place the trial of Sir William Wallace the Scottish Patriot on Monday, 23rd August 1305 — Map (db m85742) HM
United Kingdom, England (Northumberland), Bardon Mill — Hadrian's WallFrontiers of the Roman Empire World Heritage Site
Hadrian's Wall formed the north-west frontier of the Roman empire for most of the period AD 122-410. The empire's frontiers extended over 5,000 km from the Atlantic coast of Britain through Europe, the Middle East and across North Africa to the . . . — Map (db m85985) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Ayrshire), Darvel — Spirit of Scotland MonumentLoudoun Hill — William Wallace- 1297 & Robert the Bruce- 1307
Spirit of Scotland Erected in 2004 by Irvine Valley Regeneration Partnership to commemorate the two battles fought at Loudoun Hill during the Wars of Independence William Wallace - 1297 Robert the Bruce - 1307 . . . — Map (db m85664) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Fife), Anstruther — The "Battle" of May Island
On the night of January 31st 1918, a disaster took place just a few miles off Anstruther when the British Grand Fleet left Rosyth for exercises in the North Sea. With wartime news restrictions in force, few if any people onshore were aware of . . . — Map (db m88928) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Fife), St Andrews — Lofty BeginningsSt. Rule's Church
St. Rule's Church was the forerunner to the great cathedral. built under Bishop Robert (1123-1159), its enormous tall tower drew pilgrims to the shrine of St. Andrew. The Tale of St Rule According to legend, St Rule was a monk in . . . — Map (db m88940) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Glasgow), Robroyston — Betrayed & CapturedWilliam Wallace
(Main plaque:) This memorial erected 1900 A.D. By public subscription is to mark the site of the house in which the hero of Scotland was basely betrayed and captured about midnight on 5th August 1305 when alone with his faithful friend and . . . — Map (db m85739) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Inverness-shire,), Inverness — Balnuaran of Clavaa prehistoric cemetery — Clava Cairns
The monuments here were built between three and four thousand years ago. The oldest are a circular walled enclosure - the central 'ring cairn' and two 'passage graves.' The latest was a ring of boulders that enclosed a grave, the 'kerb . . . — Map (db m91728) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Lochaber), Glencoe — Massacre of Glencoe MemorialClan MacDonald
This Cross is Reverently Erected in the Memory of McIan Chief of the MacDonalds of Glencoe Who fell with his people in the Massacre of Glencoe of 13 Feb: 1692 By his direct descendant Ellen Burns MacDonald of Glencoe . . . — Map (db m85791) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Lothian), Edinburgh — Memorial to Robert the Bruce
Memorial to Bruce Erected by the Corporation of Edinburgh under Captain Hugh Reid's bequest Unveiled 28th May 1929 The Rt. Hon. Sir Alexander Stevenson Lord Provost — Map (db m85670) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (North Lanarkshire), Bellshill — Roman Military Bathhouse, Bothwellhaugh
Antonine Scotland The Antonine period 140-c.165. Until c.139 AD Hadrian's Wall marked the limit of Roman occupied Britain; but when Antoninus Pius became Emperor he ordered the army to push further north and to build a second wall, this . . . — Map (db m88540) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Renfrewshire), Elderslie — The Yew Tree, The Wallace Oak, and The Cult of William Wallace
The Yew Tree This tree is known locally as the Wallace Yew. It is thought to be 300 years old. It has been surveyed and a programme of treatment is under way to improve its health. The Wallace Oak An ancient oak which stood by . . . — Map (db m86456) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Renfrewshire), Elderslie — Welcome to the traditional site of William Wallace's birthplace
Wallace was a hero of Scotland's Wars of Independence against England during the 13th and 14th centuries. Recent archaeological work on this site proves that during the 13th/14th centuries there was a significant fortified structure here . . . — Map (db m86406) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Renfrewshire), Elderslie — William Wallace Birthplace MemorialElderslie, Scotland
Welcome to the traditional site of William Wallace's birthplace. Wallace was a hero of Scotland's Wars of Independence against England during the 13th and 14th centuries. Recent archaeological work on this site proves that during the . . . — Map (db m85741) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (South Ayrshire), Maybole — Crossraguel AbbeyOne of the Most Complete Medieval Monastaries in Scotland
Crossraguel Abbey was founded by Earl Duncan of Carrick (died 1250) and colonised by monks from the Cluniac abbey at Paisley. The lands bestowed on it lay almost entirely in Carrick, and included fishing rights, coal deposits and the churches of . . . — Map (db m88989) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (South Lanarkshire), Bothwell — 'The Most Magnificent Ruin in Scotland'Bothwell Castle
Torn apart by the Wars of Independence, this stalwart castle survived siege after siege. Rebuilt, it became an imposing noble and royal stronghold. Castle Highlights 1. Donjon, William Murray's grand residence. 2. Prison tower with a . . . — Map (db m88028) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (South Lanarkshire), Lanark — Lanark Castle
On this mound, site of an ancient Roman fortification, stood the Royal Castle of Lanark, a residence of David I (1124-1153), William the Lion (1165-1214), and later kings from which many of their royal charters are dated. It was the meeting place of . . . — Map (db m85668) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (South Lanarkshire), Lanark — Sir William WallaceCirca 1270-23rd August 1305
This plaque marks the site of the house reputed to be the marital home of Sir William Wallace and Marion Braidfute. It was at Lanark in 1297 that Wallace first drew sword to free his native land. He was captured and cruelly executed at . . . — Map (db m85666) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Stirlingshire), Falkirk — The Parish Church Graveyard
The graveyard was cleared in the 1960s leaving only a handful of memorials of historical significance. The grave of Sir John de Graeme who died at the Battle of Falkirk in July 1298 fighting alongside William Wallace is surrounded by a decorative . . . — Map (db m88046) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Stirlingshire), Stirling — National Wallace MonumentSir William Wallace
The National Wallace Monument was opened in 1869 to celbrate Scotland's national hero Sir William Wallace. It was here, with Sir Andrew Moray, that he rallied his band of fighters on the 11th Septemeber 1297, and fought and defeated at the Battle of . . . — Map (db m85595) HM WM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Blakeley — Alabama
(front) In memory of the Alabama Confederate States of America Soldiers Sailors who served at Fort Blakeley Dedicated by Mobile Bay District United Daughters of the Confederacy 2010 (back) Chapters Bonnie . . . — Map (db m87295) WM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Blakeley — Battle of BlakeleyApril 9, 1865
Missouri Brigade (CSA) 1st & 4th Missouri Infantry Regiment 2nd & 6th Missouri Infantry Regiment 3rd & 5th Missouri Infantry Regiment 1st & 3rd Missouri Cavalry Battalion (Dismounted) 3rd (St Louis) Missouri Battery US . . . — Map (db m87292) WM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Spanish Fort — Saluda Hill Cemetery
Saluda Hill Cemetery is a private historical cemetery established in 1824. Among the graves here is that of Zachariah Godbold, the only known Revolutionary War veteran buried in Baldwin County. Many Blakeley residents and Confederate soldiers also . . . — Map (db m81854) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Mooresville — Mooresville Brick Church/The Cumberland Presbyterian Church
(side 1) Mooresville Brick Church Completed by 1839 this Greek Revival Structure was probably under construction for several years. On November 18, 1838 Alabama's 2nd Governor, Thomas Bibb and his wife Pamela deeded this property to . . . — Map (db m85456) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Mooresville — Mooresville, Alabama / Mooresville Stagecoach Inn and Tavern
(Side 1) Mooresville, Alabama Incorporated November 16, 1818 Mooresville Post Office, c.1840, is the oldest operational post office in the state of Alabama. It has served the community form the same building since its . . . — Map (db m89028) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Dauphin Island — 19th Century ShipwreckExposed by Hurricane Georges
The huge timbers you see are a ship's keel section, washed ashore in the fury of Hurricane Georges in the fall of 1998. A house was destroyed with it's impact. The remains formed the bottom ridge line of the ship and would have held the ribs of . . . — Map (db m87217) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Dauphin Island — Stop 1 — Storm Clouds GatherThe Overland Campaign — Stop 1: Fort Gaines
To Wait and Watch In late August 1864 the Federals controlled Mobile Bay but could not attack Mobile. Admiral Farragut could not reach the City even with his light draft vessels, because the channels in the upper Bay had been obstructed. . . . — Map (db m87243) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Confederate RestThe Confederate Dead
In 1862, while Alabama was a State among the Confederate States of America suffering invasion by Union forces, the City of Mobile designed this Square 13 of Magnolia Cemetery as "Soldier's Rest" for Confederate Patriots who were casualties of the . . . — Map (db m87210) HM WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Alabama's First Capitals / The Alabama State Capitol
Alabama's First Capitals On March 3, 1817, Congress designated the town of St. Stephens on the Tombigbee River north of Mobile as capital of the newly formed Alabama Territory. There in 1818, the territorial legislature named Huntsville as the . . . — Map (db m86063) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Civil War Medicine / Montgomery's Confederate Hospitals
Side A During the War Between the States medical knowledge was primitive. As a result, twice as many men died of disease than in battle from wounds. Early in the War, childhood diseases such as measles, mumps and chicken pox decimated entire . . . — Map (db m36495) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Here Stood Mrs. Rosa ParksMother of the Civil Rights Movement
Commemorating the centennial Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Incorporated Here stood Mrs. Rosa Parks Mother of the Civil Rights Movement and honorary member of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. where she boarded the Montgomery . . . — Map (db m85986) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — James Marion Sims1813 - 1888 — Father of Modern Gynecology
Montgomery 1848-1849 Operations he devised cured a then considered hopeless malady—gaining him fame as a benefactor of women. Founded—Women's Hospital—City of New York—-1855. Decorated by Emperor of France—Kings . . . — Map (db m87208) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Joseph Lister Hill1894 - 1984
U. S. Congress 1923 - 1938 U. S. Senate 1938-1969 — Map (db m73043) HM
Florida (Bay County), Panama City — The Old Sentry
This Heritage Oak Tree is estimated to be over 250 years old It was standing during The War Between the States as if a Sentry standing guard over Old St Andrews Bay — Map (db m87324) HM
Georgia (Bartow County), Adairsville — 008-1 — Original Site Adairsville — 1830’s
May 17, 1864, Johnston’s forces (CSA) retreated S. From Resaca and paused here on an E. - W. line, the intention being to make a stand against the Federals in close pursuit. Finding the position untenable due to width of Oothcaloga Valley, Johnston . . . — Map (db m87049) HM
Georgia (Bartow County), Adairsville — The Great Locomotive Chase
April 12, 1862: James J. Andrews led Union spies in an espionage scheme to destroy the Western & Atlantic Railroad and thus disrupt a vital supply line for the Confederacy. Andrews' Raiders stole a train, The General, 50 miles south of . . . — Map (db m87053) HM
Georgia (Bartow County), Allatoona — Demand For Surrender
On the morning of October 5, 1864, following a two hour bombardment from Major John D. Myrick´s Confederate artillery on Moore´s he´ll located 1,200 yards to the south, Confederate Major General Samuel G. French sent his adjutant, Major David W. . . . — Map (db m87342) HM
Georgia (Bartow County), Allatoona — The Deep Cut
The immediate level, directly below the top, is a berm or shoulder excavated to prevent earth from falling into the cut and blocking the tracks and corresponds to the top of the rock strata. Beyond this berm, the Western and Atlantic Railroad bed . . . — Map (db m87372) HM
Georgia (Bartow County), Allatoona — The Eastern Redoubt
The eastern redoubt was constructed with six-foot tall earth parent and a six-foot deep ditch surrounding the fort on all sides. Gun embrasures allowed cannon to be fired at the enemy from this defensive position. Under the command of Lieutenant . . . — Map (db m87377) HM
Georgia (Bartow County), Allatoona — Welcome to Allatoona Pass Battlefield
The Georgia State Parks and Historic Sites, Redtop Mountain State Park, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the Friends of Georgia State Parks and Historic Sites, and the Etowah Valley Historic Society welcome you to Allatoona Pass Battlefield. We . . . — Map (db m87340) HM
Georgia (Bartow County), Cassville — Affair at Cassville
1. On May 19, 1864, Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston tricked Union General William T. Sherman into dividing his forces at Adairsville and sending the XXIII corps under John M. Schofield across the Gravelly Plateau to Cassville. 2. Johnston . . . — Map (db m13484) HM
Georgia (Bartow County), Cassville — Confederate Memorial Cassville Cemetery
Front: Dedicated to the memory of our Southern heroes by the Ladies Memorial Association of Cassville AD 1878. Right: Is it death to fall for Freedom's Cause. Left: Rest in peace our own Southern . . . — Map (db m87331) WM
Georgia (Bartow County), Cassville — Site of CassvilleNamed For Lewis Cass
County seat Cass County 1832-1861. First decision Supreme Court of Georgia, 1846. Name changed to Manassas 1861. Town burned by Sherman 1864 and never rebuilt. — Map (db m12359) HM
Georgia (Catoosa County), Fort Oglethorpe — MT-1101A — Gen. Bushrod R. Johnson
(Front plaque) C.S.A. Johnson's Division -Hoods Corps- Brig. Gen. Bushrod R. Johnson Col. John S. Fulton 17th Tenn. Lt. Col. W.W. Floyd 23rd Tenn. Col R.H. Keeble 25th Tenn. Lt. Col. R.B. Snowden 44th Tenn. Lt. Col. J.S. . . . — Map (db m89624) HM WM
Georgia (Catoosa County), Fort Oglethorpe — Rout of the Union RightPanic-stricken Union soldiers ran from the battlefield
At 11:10 a.m. on September 20, Confederate forces under General James Longstreet broke through the right side of the Union line about ¼ mile behind you at the Brotherton Cabin. Union soldiers behind the shattered line broke ranks and ran, as General . . . — Map (db m63450) HM
Georgia (Chatham County), Savannah — 25-15 — James Habersham
Here rests James Habersham -- associate of George Whitefield and a leading merchant, planter, and public servant during Georgia's colonial era. Mr. Habersham came to the colony in 1738 as a youthful follower of the Rev. Whitefield and collaborated . . . — Map (db m5357) HM
Georgia (Chatham County), Tybee Island — Cisterns of the Construction VillageFort Pulaski National Monument
Robert E. Lee, newly graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, joined Major Samuel Babcock of the Army Corps of Engineers in 1829 to begin work on building a construction village on this site. Two years later Lee . . . — Map (db m13185) HM
Georgia (Chatham County), Tybee Island — The Demilune
Surrounded on all sides by the moat, the demilune (literally “half-moon”) protected the vulnerable fort entrance. This triangular area was modified in 1872 by the addition of earthen mounds which housed powder magazines. During the . . . — Map (db m67779) HM
Georgia (Cobb County), Kennesaw — The Assault Falters
Beaten federals entrenched within 30 yards to the Confederate earthworks. As the Union attack stalled, two surviving Federal colonels hastily discussed retreat. Realizing that withdrawal under heavy fire would invite more bloodshed, they . . . — Map (db m87417) HM
Georgia (Cobb County), Kennesaw — The Dead Angle
This bend in the Confederate line became the battle's focal point. At 9 a.m. on June 27, 1864, thousands of yelling, blue-clad soldiers charged across the distant field toward the Tennessee soldiers in these earthworks. As the federals . . . — Map (db m87415) HM
Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Battle of Kolb's Farm - June 22, 1864
A costly Confederate attack here stopped the Union army's attempt to bypass Kennesaw Mountain. On June 22, 1864, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston sent Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood's 13,000 troops down Powder Springs Road to stop the Federal . . . — Map (db m17280) HM
Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Camouflaged CannonsKennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park
Tennessee cannoneers positioned two 12-pounder howitzers within this redoubt. Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Cheatham ordered these artillery crews to camouflage the earthen mounds with cut underbrush and to hold their fire unless attacked. For the next . . . — Map (db m70085) HM
Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-106 — Confederate Cemetery
3,000 Confederate dead from every southern state are buried in this cemetery. First established for [CS] soldiers killed in a railroad collision in 1863, it became the resting place for dead from nearby battlefields. In 1866, under the direction of . . . — Map (db m17007) HM
Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — U.D.C. Confederate Soldiers MonumentMarietta Confederate Cemetery
Front: To our Confederate Dead. Erected and dedicated by Kennesaw Chapter United Daughters of the Confederacy, Marietta, Georgia. 1908. Right: To the 3000 soldiers in this cemetery, from every . . . — Map (db m87441) WM
Georgia (Cobb County), Smyrna — Shoupade Park
Within this park is the remnant of a unique fortification known as Johnston's River Line. In mid June 1864, the Confederate Army of Tennessee under General Joseph E. Johnston was fighting in central Cobb County and about to withdraw to the . . . — Map (db m86946) HM
Georgia (DeKalb County), Stone Mountain — The Country Comes Before Me
Tablet #1 The richer, the wiser, the more powerful a man is, the greater is the obligation upon him to employ his gifts in the lessening of that sum of human misery. John Randolph Tablet #2 Those who labor in the earth . . . — Map (db m87449) WM
Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — 060-126 — Surrender of AtlantaSeptember 2, 1864
Gen. Hood, in person, with Stewart’s A.C. & the Georgia Militia abandoned the city, Sept. 1, as a result of Hardee’s defeat at Jonesboro August 31, & marched S. to Lovejoy’s Station. Federal forces at Chattahoochee River crossings since Aug. 25, . . . — Map (db m31447) HM
Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — Transfer of Command
Under orders from President Davis, on July 17, 1864, General Joseph E. Johnston, the masterful tactician and soldier, relinquished command of the Army of Tennessee. To succeed him, General John B. Hood, one of his corps commanders, an intrepid . . . — Map (db m87453) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Massachusetts
[Front Side]: Death Before Dishonor Erected by the Commonwealth in memory of her sons who died in Andersonville 1864-1865 [Back Side]: Known Dead 767. Resolves 1900 Chapter 77 Approved May 28, W. Murray, Crane . . . — Map (db m12127) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Monuments and Memories
At this corner of the prison, the state of Wisconsin erected a monument near the site where many Wisconsin prisoners had camped. Prisoners tended to form groups by state or regiment, to sustain morale. Look for other monuments on the prison site . . . — Map (db m12142) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — National Woman's Relief Corps Tribute
This memorial erected in 1934 by the National Woman's Relief Corps, Auxiliary to the Grand Army of the Republic, as a tribute to the heroism of the sons of the following states who are buried in Andersonville National Cemetery. Number of dead. . . . — Map (db m12135) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Stockade Branch
This stream, a branch of Sweetwater Creek, was the prison's water supply. Today's neatly dredged channel is misleading. When the prison was built, the stockade posts slowed the current, turning the stream banks into acres of stagnant swamp. The . . . — Map (db m12149) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — The Expanded Stockade
The unhewn logs with daylight between them betray the Confederates' haste to expand the north end of camp. In contrast, the reconstruction at the North Gate section show the carefully planned design of the stockade's initial 16 acres, when . . . — Map (db m89248) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — The Prison HospitalThird Hospital Site
This empty field was the site of Andersonville's third and last hospital. There were two previous hospitals within nine months. It did not take prisoners ling to realize that few patients returned. Knowing that medicines were in short . . . — Map (db m89239) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — This Was Andersonville
You are about to enter Andersonville, one of the largest Confederate prisoner-of-war camps. Of the 45,000 Union soldiers confined here, nearly 13,000 died. Beyond a walking tour of the stockade area, a visit to Andersonville involves an inner . . . — Map (db m12145) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — View from a Pigeon-Roost
This photograph was taken in August 1864 from a sentry box just downslope from here. The photographer was A.J. Riddle, who was preparing a report for the Confederate government. Riddle's seven glass-plate negatives were apparently the only . . . — Map (db m89245) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Andersonville — National Prisoner of War Museum
This building is a memorial to all Americans held as prisoners of war. Through exhibits and video presentations the museum is a reminder that American's freedoms can come at great cost. The museum's architecture is not based on a specific place . . . — Map (db m73170) HM WM
Georgia (Sumter County), Andersonville — The Raiders' Graves
These six graves were deliberately set apart; these six prisoners were buried with dishonor. Only enlisted soldiers were buried at Andersonville. With no Union officers to maintain order, life in the pen became anarchy. A gang known as the . . . — Map (db m93025) HM
Georgia (Walker County), Chickamauga — Crittenden AvenueMajor General Thomas L. Crittenden, USA 1819-1893
Crittenden, born in Russelville, Kentucky, was a lawyer before the war, and served as US Council in Liverpool, England. He joined the military and fought in the Mexican War. He commanded the 21st Corp at Chickamauga. After the war he served as . . . — Map (db m88980) HM
Georgia (Walker County), Chickamauga — Hood AvenueMajor General John Bell Hood, CSA 1831-1879
Hood, born in Owingsville, Kentucky, graduated from West Point in 1853 and joined the infantry. He saw frontier duty where he was wounded. He resigned from the US Army in 1861. He commanded Hood's Division of Longstreet's Corp at Chickamauga, . . . — Map (db m88978) HM
Georgia (Walker County), Chickamauga — Skirmish at McLemore’s CoveOpportunity Lost, September 10-11, 1863
Despite stout resistance by Confederate cavalrymen on the morning of September 10, Union Major General James Negley was able to deploy his men into a line of battle east of Davis' Crossroads (a few yards in front of you). However, the Federals . . . — Map (db m88679) HM
Georgia (Walker County), Fort Oglethorpe — MT-436 — Hood's Headquarters Shell MonumentMaj. Gen. John B. Hood
Headquarters Longstreet's Corps Maj. Gen. John B. Hood Sept. 20, 1863, Noon — Map (db m88986) HM
Georgia (Walker County), Fort Oglethorpe — MT-1342 — South Carolina State Monument
To her faithful sons at Chickamauga South Carolina erects this monument to commemorate the valor they proved, and the lives they gave on this great battlefield. (east side) Kershaw's Brigade 2nd S.C. Regiment 3d S.C. . . . — Map (db m88988) WM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — The Battle of Mill Creek GapMay 7-12, 1864 — The Opening Phase of the Atlanta Campaign
The Atlanta Campaign opened at 3:00 AM on the morning of May 7th as the bugles of McCook's Federal Brigade sounded reveille at their camps near Ringgold. Federal troops occupied the village of Tunnel Hill and approached Buzzard's Roost Pass, as Mill . . . — Map (db m86522) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 155-15 — The Flooded GapMay, 1864
The Confederate defenders of Dalton impounded the waters of Mill Creek by a dam, in the gap, as a measure of defense when Federal forces under Sherman assailed this opening in Rocky Face Ridge. This temporary lake, together with fortifications in . . . — Map (db m10787) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Mill Creek — 155-9 — Babb's Settlement
Ante-bellum domain of Joel Babb (1809~1882) - on Mill Cr., foot of Rocky Face at Dug Gap. May 8, 1864. 1 A. M.: Col. W.C.P. Breckinridge’s 9th Ky., Grigsby’s brigade, Wheeler’s cav., descended from Dug Gap & patrolled the roads N. & W. to ascertain . . . — Map (db m10912) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Mill Creek — 155-7 — Twentieth Corps in Dogwood Valley
May 7, 1864. Gen. Hooker`s 20th A.C. crossed Taylor’s Ridge at Nickajack & Gordon Springs Gaps, moving E. toward Rocky Face Ridge. Geary’s 2d & Butterfield’s 3d divs., via Gordon`s Springs, reached this point that afternoon. Butterfield’s troops . . . — Map (db m10796) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Tunnel Hill — 155-26 — Harris' Gap
In 1864 the direct road from Tunnel Hill to Varnell's, passed through Harris Gap at this point, which is just N. of where Rocky Face drops off into continuous foot-hills. Federal operations in Crow Valley by the 23d A.C., began with its march S. . . . — Map (db m10945) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 24 — Dixville CrossroadsPerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
During the Battle of Perryville, the Dixville Crossroads, the intersection in front of you, was a crucial tactical point on the battlefield. Here, the Benton Road (now called Whites Road), which runs to Dixville in Mercer County, intersects the . . . — Map (db m46492) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — SanctuaryPerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
As fighting raged, Union soldiers in Brigadier General William Terrill’s brigade were driven from the ridge and the split rail fence in front of you. Most of these troops had never been in combat. This inexperience sometimes led men and officers to . . . — Map (db m46484) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — Starkweather’s HillPerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
Their faces and hands begrimed from the smoke of battle, and their ears ringing with the constant ripping of musketry, Starkweather’s shattered brigade retreated to the ridge in front of you. They had saved several cannon, pushing them back to a new . . . — Map (db m46473) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — The CornfieldPerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
During the Battle of Perryville, a field of ten-foot high cornstalks, brown and dry from a severe drought, covered this valley. Obscured among the corn, 800 members of the 21st Wisconsin Infantry Regiment waited. In the army for less than a month, . . . — Map (db m46472) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — The Dye HousePerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
In 1860, a forty-three year-old farmer named John Dye lived here with his wife, Elizabeth, their four children, and six slaves. The 120-acre farm produced hay, corn, and wheat, and the family also had a few cows, horses, and mules. Two years . . . — Map (db m46405) HM
Kentucky (Garrard County), Paint Lick — 1526 — Fort Paint Lick
Side 1: 500 ft. north is site of log fort and stockade built by Lt. Col. Wm. Miller. Born in Virginia, he came to Kentucky with Daniel Boone's party and helped mark a trace to Boonesboro; served with Capt. James Estill in Battle of Little . . . — Map (db m67835) WM
Kentucky (Madison County), Berea — Encampment at Bobtown / Engagment at Bobtown / Advance to Kingston
(1) Encampment at Bobtown August 29, 1862 Gen. Patrick R. Cleburne's division, vanguard of Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith's infantry, left Barbourville on August 23, 1862, the same day that Confederate Col. John Scott defeated Col. Leonidas . . . — Map (db m86059) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — "Defeat and Destruction Seemed Inevitable"
The Confederates wasted little time in exploiting the gap between Manson and Cruft. "The order then reached us to move across to that portion of the field in double-quick," wrote Col. Benjamin J. Hill. The Union artillery opened fire on . . . — Map (db m86282) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — "Rally, boys! Rally to the Colors!"
After the early morning engagement near Mt. Zion Church both sides regrouped. Manson deployed the Union forces here at Duncannon Road, placing his brigade on the east side of the Old State Road (US 421) and Gen. Cruft's brigade on the west side. . . . — Map (db m86281) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — "The Loud Mouthed Dogs of War Were Unleashed"The Battle of Richmond Began At An Artiller Duel
The Battle of Richmond began about 5 AM on August 30, 1862, as pickets from Gen. Mahlon Manson's Union brigade and Gen. Patrick Cleburne's Confederate division exchanged shots. With the initial rattle of musketry both side began shaping their lines, . . . — Map (db m86263) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Barnett Burial Ground
The Cemetery This cemetery hold the remains of some of the Barnett family, who settled this land sometime before 1804, and their servants. While most of these markers are inscribed, there are also at least three unidentified field-stone . . . — Map (db m86272) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — General Thomas Churchill
General Thomas Churchill *** Gen. Thomas James Churchill commanded the brigade of Texas dismounted cavalry that delivered the crushing blow to the Union right. Churchill had come a long way home to lead the assault. *** Thomas James . . . — Map (db m48177) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — General William "Bull" NelsonStaunch Unionist and Friend of President Abraham Lincoln
Son of an Influential Kentucky Family The Nelson family counted among its friends some of the most important families in Kentucky. William Nelson, born in 1824, near Maysville, Kentucky, grew up in an atmosphere of influence and wealth. . . . — Map (db m86288) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Patrick Ronayne Cleburne(March 16, 1828 - November 30, 1864)
The most well-known participant in the Battle of Richmond was General Patrick Cleburne, a charismatic young officer who rose rapidly through the Confederate ranks. In the fall of 1861, less than six months after entering Confederate service, . . . — Map (db m86285) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Saving the Richmond Battlefield
I. Commemoration The Battle of Richmond ended on August 30, 1862. Over the years, monuments and historic markers were erected to commemorate the battle and the battlefield was listed in the National Register of Historic Places. In 1993, . . . — Map (db m86274) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Sharpshooters Check The Union Right
In the early morning hours of August 30, 1862, a handful of Confederate cavalry approached the Union line near Mt. Zion Church, where they were met by a burst of fire from Federal artillery. The Union salvo was answered in kind. An artillery duel . . . — Map (db m86260) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — The Battle of RichmondAugust 29-30, 1862
In the summer of 1862 the Confederacy took the offensive Robert E. Lee's army advanced into Maryland. Sterling Price and Earl Van Dorn's armies marched toward Corinth, Mississippi. Braxton Bragg and Kirby Smith moved out of Tennessee and into . . . — Map (db m31622) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — The Generals
Union Mahlon Dickerson Manson (1818-1895) An apothecary turned politician, Mahlon Dickerson Manson served as a captain in the Mexican War. He enlisted as a private when the Civil War began but was soon promoted to colonel. Manson fought at . . . — Map (db m86280) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — "Battle on a Sabbath Morn"The Battle - 8:00 until 9:00 A.M.
You are standing in the center of the area where most of the Mill Springs Battle took place on Sunday morning, January 19, 1862. This illustration depicts the scene from a birds eye viewpoint above and behind you. The Union line stood to your left, . . . — Map (db m62985) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — The Union Line at the FenceUnion soldiers choose their ground
After the initial contact between the Union and Confederate forces in the foggy half light of the winter morning, Colonel Speed Fry, commanding the 4th Kentucky Infantry (US), pulled his men back to a rail fence on a hill east of the Mill Springs . . . — Map (db m62999) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Bolivar — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4-6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. George . . . — Map (db m1520) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Bolivar — Battle at South MountainA Natural Barrier — Antietam Campaign 1862
The Battle of South Mountain erupted on September 14, 1862, when elements of the Union army tried to drive the Confederate rear guard from Crampton’s, Fox’s, and Turner’s Gaps and break through to the western side of the mountain to attack . . . — Map (db m1519) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Bolivar — Maryland Campaign of 1862 / The Lost Orders
(Left Side) On September 4, 1862, General Robert E. Lee, hoping to shorten the war by winning a decisive victory on Northern soil, crossed the Potomac River into Maryland. Lee planned to draw the Army of the Potomac through South Mountain into . . . — Map (db m2040) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Bolivar — T. P. 6 — Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 6
When Hooker moved to the right at Bolivar by way of the Hagerstown road, Gibbon continued on the main road and attacked Colquitt, in position about 700 yards southeast of this point. He drove Colquitt's skirmishers and reached the bend in the road . . . — Map (db m1599) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Burkittsville — George Alfred TownsendA Man and His Mountain — Antietam Campaign 1862
None of the structures you see here in Crampton’s Gap existed during the battle on September 14, 1862. George Alfred Townsend constructed all the stone buildings and walls, as well as the Correspondents’ Arch, between 1884 and 1896. Townsend, . . . — Map (db m1931) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Burkittsville — C.P. 4 — Sixth Army Corps
U. S. A. Sixth Army Corps. Major Gen. W. B. Franklin, Commanding (September 14, 1862) The Sixth Corps consisted of two Divisions commanded by Major Generals H. W. Slocum and W. F. Smith. On the march of the Army of the Potomac through Maryland, . . . — Map (db m2024) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Battle of Monocacy
The Battle that saved Washington Here along the Monocacy River on July 9, 1864, was fought the battle between Union forces under General Lew Wallace and Confederate forces under General Jubal A. Early. The battle, although a temporary victory for . . . — Map (db m3218) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Confederates Invade Maryland
7:00 a.m, July 9, 1864 Confederate troops under Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early streamed through the gaps of South Mountain and the Catoctins and headed south past Frederick. Bound for Washington, D.C., they were stopped here at the Best family farm by . . . — Map (db m3246) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — McCausland’s Attack
11:30 a.m. - 2:30 p.m. July 9, 1864 Brig. Gen. John McCausland's cavalry brigade forded the river, dismounted, and advanced up the slope toward the Worthington house. Thinking they would be facing inexperienced militiamen, the Confederates formed a . . . — Map (db m3282) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Jefferson — Journalists Who Gave Their Lives
In Memory of Those Journalists Who Gave Their Lives Reporting on the War on Terrorism Daniel Pearl The Wall Street Journal Afghanistan - February 2002 David Bloom NBC News Iraq - April 2003 Michael . . . — Map (db m86942) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Sharpsburg — 21st Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry
(Front Face): 21st Mass. Vol. Inf'y 2nd Brig. 2nd Div. 9th A.C. Erected by 21st Regt. Mass. Vol. Association (Rear Face):The following Comrades were killed near this bridge: 2nd Lieut. Henry C. Holbrook Co. "D" Priv. Wm. B. . . . — Map (db m6453) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Sharpsburg — 2nd Maryland Infantry
Maryland 2nd Md Infantry At 9:30 a.m. advanced on the stone bridge, defended by Toombs' Brigade and two batt- eries on high ground beyond. Charged to within 100 yards of the bridge when, checked by the severity of the enemy's fire it took . . . — Map (db m6463) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Sharpsburg — 51st Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry
(Front Inscription): The 51st Regt. P. V. was organized Sept. 1861 By Col. afterwards, Maj. Gen. John F. Hartranft its leader in many battles and in this charge Mustered out July 1865 Engaged in 20 battles or minor combats and . . . — Map (db m58219) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Sharpsburg — Repulsed Again and Again
Gen. David R. Jones, Longstreet's Command (1) Throughout the early hours of the battle, Confederate Gen. Lee moved soldiers from this part of his line north toward the Cornfield and the West Woods. This shift resulted in one division, numbering . . . — Map (db m20755) HM
Minnesota (Kandiyohi County), Blomkist — 1873 Blizzard
The morning of January 7, 1873, was mild and pleasant enough to encourage many farmers to make trips to town or to work in their woodlots. Shortly after 2 p.m. a howling blizzard of snow, driven by a 70-mph northwest wind broke the calm. The storm, . . . — Map (db m79353) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Battle of Corinth - 1862
Site of Battery Williams. On Oct. 4 the cannonade from here devastated the Confederate troops attacking Battery Robinette. The advance failed, forcing Gen. Van Dorn to withdraw his forces. — Map (db m50324) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Brigadier-General Joseph Lewis HoggBattery Robinett
. . . — Map (db m89039) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Corinth
Began 1854 as Cross City. Proximity to Tennessee River and the railroads made it of great strategic value during Civil War. Battle of Corinth fought here, Oct. 3-4, 1862. — Map (db m21305) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Union Troops at CorinthA look at Civil War Corinth — --through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers
Not a "spit and polish" outfit, but tough and practical fighters. A Civil War photographer caught this group in a candid mode. Before the 1850s, the public's conception of battle formed mostly from romanticized drawings and paintings. Photography . . . — Map (db m51755) HM
Mississippi (Hinds County), Edwards — Lloyd Tilghman
Lloyd Tilgham Brigadier General C.S.A. Commanding First Brigade Loring's Division Killed here the afternoon of May 16, 1863, near the close of the Battle of Champion's Hill. — Map (db m86785) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Battle of Brices Cross RoadsJune 10, 1864 — The Western Campaign, 1864
When General Sherman advanced on Atlanta, General Forrest sought to destroy the Union supply line between Nashville and Chattanooga. He had nearly reached the Tennessee River when he had to turn back to meet a Union force marching southeast from . . . — Map (db m8365) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Bethany A.R.P. Church
Organized in 1852 by the Alabama Presbytery, Bethany Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church had a charter membership of twenty-five including four slaves. The church was used as a hospital in 1864 following the Battle of Brice's Cross Roads. The . . . — Map (db m60738) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — B-2 — Brice's Cross RoadsFirst Main Battle Line (Union)
Brig. Gen. Benjamin Grierson's Federal cavalry (3,300 troops) left Stubbs plantation (nine miles northwest of Brice's Cross Roads) at daybreak on June 10, 1864. By 10:00 a.m. the cavalry had reached Brice's Cross Roads and advance units had . . . — Map (db m62172) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Confederate's First Battle Line Formed Here
at 1:00 o'clock. General Forrest's men were all on the field ready for action. From a quarter of a mile north and extending more than a mile south across the Guntown Road the Confederates formed a pincers movement against the enemy. Confederate . . . — Map (db m62106) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Federal's Second Battle Line
Federal's Second Battle Line General Sturis was able to use his infantry here for the first time in the battle. General Forrest had beaten the Union Cavalry before the infantry reached the battlefield. Infantry and cavalry formed . . . — Map (db m89096) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Tishomingo Creek Bridge
The Federal retreat at the Battle of Brice's Crossroads was funneled onto a small bridge across Tishomingo Creek. The structure was too narrow for Sturgis' Expeditionary Force, and the span quickly became a bottleneck as horses, wagons, cannon, and . . . — Map (db m61927) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Guntown — Treaty of Pontotoc
In 1832, this area ceded from the Chickasaw Nation to the United States by the Treaty of Pontotoc and became part of the State of Mississippi. According to the treaty, the land was surveyed and offered for sale by the Federal Government. The . . . — Map (db m91177) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — MS-54 — Birthplace of Elvis Presley
Elvis Aaron Presley was born Jan. 8, 1935, in this house built by his father. Presley's career as a singer and entertainer redefined American popular music. He died on Aug. 16, 1977, at Memphis, Tennessee. — Map (db m4477) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — The Younger Cabin / Confederate Headquarters
Side 1 At the onset of the Civil War, there were a few homes located in Tupelo near the intersection of the recently completed Mobile and Ohio Railroad and the Pontotoc-to-Fulton Road, now Main Street. One of those homes was the . . . — Map (db m91175) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Tupelo Confederate Soldiers Monument
(front) CSA Erected in honor of and to the memory of Confederate Soldiers by their comrades, their sons and daughters. The love, gratitude, and memory of the people of the South Shall gild their fame in one eternal . . . — Map (db m89098) WM
Mississippi (Prentiss County), Baldwyn — Terrain and Landscape
Even as late as 1864, northeast Mississippi was sparsely populated. Just thirty years earlier the whole area had belonged to the Chickasaw Nation, and many of the local white landowners had moved here after 1845. The Bethany Associate Reformed . . . — Map (db m72152) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Lloyd Tilghman Memorial
Brigadier General Lloyd Tilghman C.S.A. Commanding First Brigade of Loring's Division Killed May 16 1863 Near the close of the Battle of Champions Hill Miss — Map (db m88181) HM WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg National Military Park — Vicksburg Navy Memorial
(front statue) David Dixon Porter Commanded the Mississippi Squadron from October 1862 to September 1864 as Acting Rear Admiral U.S. Navy. Engaged in operations on the Mississippi River and tributaries leading up to and during the . . . — Map (db m89099) HM WM
North Carolina (Mecklenburg County), Davidson — L40 — D.H. Hill
Lieutenant General, C.S.A.; Supt. N.C. Military Institute in Charlotte; Davidson College professor; Editor, “The Land We Love.” Grave is here. — Map (db m72902) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Cashtown — Roads West
The historic Cashtown Inn has been offering lodging and dining to weary travelers since the turn of the 19th Century. Roads were important to town development, just as the automobile was important to their prosperity. As roads brought travelers . . . — Map (db m68558) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Highway Headquarters
General Robert E. Lee and his staff planned one of America's greatest battles at this site. Almost a century later the site began offering overnight accommodations to travelers coming to pay homage to their heroes. Gutted by fire in 1896, the . . . — Map (db m94496) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — John Burns
"My thanks are specially due to a citizen of Gettysburg named John Burns who although over seventy years of age shouldered his musket and offered his services to Colonel Wister One Hundred and Fiftieth Pennsylvania Volunteers. Colonel Wister advised . . . — Map (db m12424) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Pickett's ChargeJuly 3, 1863 - Third Day
"The flags flutter and snap - the sunlight flashes from the officers' swords - low words of command are heard - and thus in perfect order, this gallant army of gallant men marches straight down into the valley of Death!" Pvt. Randolph Shotwell, . . . — Map (db m11915) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Tennessee
(North Side):Valor and courage were virtues of the three Tennessee regiments (South Side): The Volunteer StateThis memorial is dedicated to the memory of the men who served in the 1st (PACS), 7th and 14th Tennessee Infantry . . . — Map (db m11562) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — The Cavalry Buys TimeJuly 1, 1863 - First Day
"The First Brigade maintained this unequal contest until the leading division of General Reynolds' corps came up to its assistance, and then most reluctantly did it give up the front." Brig. Gen. John Buford, U.S.A. Cavalry Corps, 1st Division . . . — Map (db m15388) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — The Eye of General WarrenJuly 2, 1863 - Second Day
"I saw that this [Little Round Top] was the key to the whole position..." Brig. Gen. G.K. Warren, U.S.A. Chief of Engineers, Army of the Potomac About 3:30 p.m. on July 2, the Union army's Chief Engineer, Brig. Gen. G.K. Warren, stepped out on . . . — Map (db m14919) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Trapped in the CutJuly 1, 1863 - First Day
"Surrender, or I will fire." Lt. Col. Rufus R. Dawes, U.S.A. 6th Wisconsin Volunteers The railroad cut visible in front of you was the scene of a dramatic engagement on the first day of the battle. On the morning of July 1, a Confederate attack . . . — Map (db m15350) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Virginia Memorial
General Robert E. Lee Mounted on "Traveller" The group represents various types who left civil occupations to join the Confederate Army. Left to right; a professional man, a mechanic, an artist, a boy, a business man, a farmer, a youth. Dedicated . . . — Map (db m11934) HM
South Carolina (Charleston County), Charleston — Fort Johnson
The First Shot Across the harbor directly in front of you lies Fort Johnson. From Fort Johnson came the shot that began the Civil War. If a Union soldier at Fort Sumter looked toward Fort Johnson at 4:30 a.m., April 12, 1861, he would have seen . . . — Map (db m30785) HM
South Carolina (Charleston County), Charleston — The Old Exchange
Commissioned in 1767 by Act of The General Assembly of The British Colony of South Carolina Completed in 1771 Deeded in 1917 by The United States Congress to the South Carolina State Society National Society Daughters of the . . . — Map (db m29994) HM
South Carolina (Charleston County), James Island — Secessionville
The Battle of Secessionville, fought here on 16 June 1862, broke the Union advance through James Island against Charleston and was the most significant battle of the Civil War in South Carolina. Confederate troops under Col. Thomas G. Lamar . . . — Map (db m29563) HM
South Carolina (Charleston County), Secessionville — 10-56 — Battery Number 5
(Front text) This was one of several Confederate earthworks constructed on the southwest portion of James Island in the summer of 1863. It was a significant part of the “New Line” or “Siege Line” intended to defend . . . — Map (db m30551) HM
South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Colonel Howard's Misunderstood Order
After firing twice, the militia retreated behind the Continentals who were awaiting the British advance in this area. British reinforcements, Fraser's 71st Highlanders, threatened the Continentals' right flank. Lt. Col. Howard ordered his right . . . — Map (db m13031) HM
South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Race to the Dan River
General Morgan's army secured a great victory on the field before you: "Our loss was inconsiderable, not having more than twelve killed and sixty wounded. The enemy's loss was 10 commissioned officers and over 100 rank and file killed and 200 . . . — Map (db m88623) HM
South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — The Cavalry (Dragoons) at Cowpens
The open forests proved well-suited for cavalry action. Fast-moving, hard-hitting mounted troops called Light Dragoons bolstered the 18th century infantry. At least seventy South Carolina and Georgia mounted militiamen, armed with pistols and . . . — Map (db m13063) HM
South Carolina (Richland County), Columbia — South Carolina Women of the Confederacy Monument
[North Face]: To The South Carolina Women Of The Confederacy 1861-1865 — Reared By The Men Of Their State 1909-11 [West face]: In this monument Generations unborn shall hear the voice Of a grateful . . . — Map (db m21928) HM
South Carolina (York County), Blacksburg — Americans Victors
Imagine hundreds of men, dressed more or less alike, heart still pounding from the fever of battle, milling around this hillside as the sun sets. Whigs and Tories both sleep on wet, cold ground, amid the groans of wounded and dying men. The rebel . . . — Map (db m17657) HM
South Carolina (York County), Blacksburg — Be Your Own Officer
When we encounter the enemy, don't wait for a word of command. Let each of you be your own officer, and do the very best you can....If in the woods, shelter yourselves and give them Indian play; advance from tree to tree...and killing and . . . — Map (db m17526) HM
South Carolina (York County), Blacksburg — Liberty!
Gunshots and the shouts of hundreds of men battered the slope you see just ahead as one of the fiercest battles of the American Revolution broke out. Every man here that day knew that the Carolina backcountry had burned and bled since May when the . . . — Map (db m17672) HM
South Carolina (York County), Blacksburg — Tighten the Noose
Fire as quick as you can, and stand your ground as long as you can. When you can do no better, get behind trees, or retreat; but I beg you not to run quite off. It we are repulsed, let us make a point of returning, and renewing the . . . — Map (db m17522) HM
Tennessee (Coffee County), Tullahoma — 2E 34 — Camp Forrest
Originally established in 1926 for training the Tennessee National Guard, this became a Federal training area, Jan. 10, 1941. It was named for Lt. Gen. N.B. Forrest, CSA. Units training here included the 8th, 33rd, 79th & 80th Inf. Divs., 17th . . . — Map (db m24446) HM
Tennessee (Davidson County), Nashville — Felix K. Zollicoffer
Ante-bellum newspaper editor and Brigadier General in Confederate Army. Killed at battle of Fishing Creek, Kentucky, January 19, 1862. He was first Confederate general killed in the West. — Map (db m86365) HM
Tennessee (Davidson County), Nashville — Major Henry M. Rutledge
Only son of Edward Rutledge, signer of the Declaration of Independence. He married the daughter of Arthur Middleton, another signer of the Declaration. — Map (db m89317) HM
Tennessee (Hardeman County), Pocahontas — Battle of Davis Bridge
Front In memory of the men who fought here October 5, 1862 BATTLE OF DAVIS BRIDGE Poor is the nation that has no heroes Shameful is the nation that has them and forgets. CONFEDERATE Back Duty is the . . . — Map (db m62459) WM
Tennessee (Hardin County), Shiloh — "Hornets Nest"
Center of Union Line. — Map (db m91262) HM
Tennessee (Hardin County), Shiloh — Ohio 48th Infantry
front Ohio 48th Infantry, Commanded by Col. Peter J. Sullivan (Wounded), Lt. Col. Jos. R. Parker, Buckland's (4th) Brigade, Sherman's (5th) Division, Army of the Tennessee. back This regiment was engaged here . . . — Map (db m91261) HM WM
Tennessee (Hardin County), Shiloh — Pittsburg Landing
Here was the key to Union strategy — a good troop landing and staging area for an attack on the Southern army at Corinth, a strategic rail center. But the Confederates struck first, driving the surprised Federals from their camps back toward . . . — Map (db m63306) HM
Tennessee (Henderson County), Parkers Crossroads — Battle of Parker's CrossroadsTour Stop 7
Old Split-Rail Fence December 31, 1862 At approximately 11:00 a.m., Colonel Dunham's Brigade positioned themselves behind a split-rail fence located a few feet behind this area running east and west to the Lexington/Huntingdon Road. By afternoon, . . . — Map (db m20521) HM
Tennessee (Henderson County), Parkers Crossroads — Forrest's West Tennessee RaidDecember 18-31, 1862
On December 11, 1862 Forrest's new command, now woefully lacking in arms and ammunition, left Columbia to commence the raid that "if successful, may force the enemy to retire from Mississippi." The brigade reached the Tennessee River at Clifton four . . . — Map (db m72213) HM
Tennessee (Henderson County), Parkers Crossroads — The Battle of Parker's CrossroadsTour Stop 6 - Red Mound — Early Afternoon, December 31, 1862
Union Colonel Dunham's Brigade tried to silence Forrest's cannon by a frontal assault into the face of cannister and rifle fire. The Confederates repulsed the attack, inflicting heavy casualties. Forrest's troopers then attacked the Union battle . . . — Map (db m72201) HM
Tennessee (Henderson County), Parkers Crossroads — The Battle of Parker's Crossroads
On December 31, 1862, the Union forces that had been pursuing General Nathan Bedford Forrest and his cavalry for two weeks finally intercepted the Confederate raiders. Colonel Cyrus Dunham commanded the Union force that met Forrest at Parker's . . . — Map (db m72216) HM
Tennessee (Jefferson County), Jefferson City — 1C83 — Battle of Mossy CreekDecember 29, 1863
Federal cavalry under Gen. S.D. Sturgis established a line just east of Mossy Creek. At 9:00 a.m., Confederate Gen. W.T. Martin assembled 2000 dismounted cavalry and eight cannons at Talbott's Railroad Station, three miles east. They advanced along . . . — Map (db m28311) HM
Tennessee (Marion County), Jasper — Love's FerryChickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail
Samuel Love owned a farm on the Tennessee River between Jasper and Shellmound. He operated a ferry that was an important transportation artery, linking Jasper and the rest of Marion County with the railroad at Shellmound. In addition to running . . . — Map (db m87942) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — 3D 18 — Advance and Retreat
In this house, Lt. Gen. Hood established his command post while bypassing Maj. Gen. Schofield's force at Columbia, Nov. 24, 1864. Here also, Dec. 20, Maj. Gen. Forrest issued orders for covering the retreat southward of the Army of Tennessee. On . . . — Map (db m75040) HM
Tennessee (Polk County), Benton — 2A10 — Nancy Ward
High priestess of the Cherokee and always loyal friend of white settlers, is buried on the ridge to the west. She repeatedly prevented massacres of white settlers and several times rescued captives from death at the hands of her people. She is also . . . — Map (db m80167) HM
Tennessee (Sequatchie County), Dunlap — Thunder in the ValleyCivil War in Sequatchie County
The outbreak of the war divided Sequatchie County families, and local men served on both sides of the conflict. Union and Confederate armies marched through the county, civilian law broke down, and marauders used the conflict as an excuse to rob, . . . — Map (db m85541) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Cobblestone Landing
There were several boat landings in this general area during the nineteenth century. An 1827 drawing shows a public landing approximately on-half mile north of this spot, but changes in the "batture" or built-up bank caused by the river moved the . . . — Map (db m88262) HM
Tennessee (Stewart County), Dover — Surrender House — Feb. 16, 1862
Here, following a council of war with Brig. Gens. Floyd and Pillow, Brig. Gen. Simon B. Buckner surrendered the Confederate defenders of Fort Donelson to Maj. Gen. U.S. Grant, USA. The two senior Confederate generals, having abandoned command, . . . — Map (db m21312) HM
Tennessee (Stewart County), Dover — With Admirable Precision
This is the smallest of the two river batteries built by Confederates in 1861 to protect the Cumberland River, a strategic transportation and supply route to Clarksville and Nashville. Semicircular in design and set some 30 feet above the river, the . . . — Map (db m38251) HM
Virginia (Charles City County), Charles City — Origin of Taps
During the Civil War in July 1862, when the Army of the Potomac was in camp on this site, Brigadier General Daniel Butterfield summoned Private Oliver Willcox Norton, his Brigade Bugler to his tent. He whistled some new tune and asked the bugler . . . — Map (db m87110) HM WM
Virginia, Charlottesville — Q-25 — Gen. Alexander Archer Vandegrift
Gen. Alexander Archer Vandegrift was born in Charlottesville on 13 Mar. 1887. He entered the U.S. Marine Corps in 1909 and served on posts in the Caribbean, Central America, China, and the United States. General Vandegrift led American forces in . . . — Map (db m18547) HM
Virginia, Fredericksburg — Angel of Marye's Heights — The Battle of Fredericksburg
While the Civil War entailed immense destruction and tragedy, it did not always engender hate. For two days following the battle, wounded Union soldiers, caught between the lines, cried out for water. Though exposure to enemy fire even for a moment . . . — Map (db m8661) HM
Virginia, Fredericksburg — Brompton — The Battle of Fredericksburg
The house and grounds are not open to the public. "The pillars of the porch...were speckled with the marks of bullets. Shells and shot had made sad havoc with the walls and the woodwork inside. The windows were shivered, the partitions torn . . . — Map (db m8635) HM
Virginia, Fredericksburg — Confederate Artillery — The Battle of Fredericksburg
Artillery was an effective weapon, particularly when used in defensive combat. Nowhere was that demonstrated more clearly than here on Marye's Heights, where nine guns of the Washington Artillery shattered the ranks of the oncoming Union army. "The . . . — Map (db m8690) HM
Virginia, Fredericksburg — Historic Kenmore
1775 Home of Fielding Lewis and his wife Betty, sister of George Washington. — Map (db m39996) HM
Virginia, Fredericksburg — Hugh Mercer
Sacred to the memory of Hugh Mercer, Brigadier-General in the Army of The United States; He died on the 12th of January, 1777, of the wounds he received on the 3d of same month, near Princetown, in New Jersey, bravely defending the Liberties of . . . — Map (db m14424) HM
Virginia, Fredericksburg — Innis House — The Battle of Fredericksburg
This frame building, known as the Innis (or "Ennis") house, stands as a mute witness to the terrible combat that engulfed this spot. Located along the Confederate line of battle, the small structure was marred by soldier graffiti and perforated by . . . — Map (db m8569) HM
Virginia, Fredericksburg — Lee's Command Post — The Battle of Fredericksburg
This hill served as General Robert E. Lee's command post during the Battle of Fredericksburg. Before the fighting started, Confederate pioneers cut down trees on the front slope of the hill, giving the Confederate leader a better view of the . . . — Map (db m8861) HM
Virginia, Fredericksburg — Near Disaster — The Battle of Fredericksburg
On this hill on December 13, 1862, Confederate General Robert E. Lee twice nearly met personal disaster. While firing its 39th round of the day, a 30-pounder Parrott Rifle (like the one in front of you) burst, sending chunks of metal across the . . . — Map (db m8862) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — W-92 — Confinement of Jefferson Davis
In this casemate Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States, was confined, May 22-October 2, 1865. As his health suffered in the casemate, he was removed to Carroll Hall in the fortress, where he remained from October, 1865, until May, . . . — Map (db m10144) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — 17 — Frazier's Farmor Glendale Battlefield
North and South of this point lay the line of battle in which the Confederate commands of James Longstreet and A.P. Hill engaged indecisively the Federal forces in the Fourth Battle of the Seven Days’ Campaign. This spot marks the furthest Federal . . . — Map (db m14216) HM
Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — The Archaearium
In front of you is the “Archaearium,” an archaeological museum of early Jamestown history. Its exhibits explore both the James Fort excavations and those of the site above which it sits – the Statehouse, the first building built . . . — Map (db m17044) HM
Virginia (Lee County), Ewing — A Maze of Mountains
The Cumberland Mountains on which you stand are only one link in a great chain of ridges and valleys that stretch 900 miles from New England to Alabama. The Appalachian wilderness was a 150-mile-wide wall to settlers looking west in the late 1700s. . . . — Map (db m35913) HM
Virginia (Lee County), Ewing — Boundaries Settled
The exact spot where Tennessee, Kentucky, and Virginia met is not easy to see on the ridge line below. Nor was it easy to determine. In 1665 Great Britain's King Charles II declared his Virginia colony was to be separated from his Carolina colony . . . — Map (db m35907) HM
Virginia (Lee County), Ewing — Generations Have Enjoyed this View
I cannot conceive of anyone passing this way who will not avail himself of taking this trail to the top of Pinnacle Mountain...there will be many pilgrimages...[to] this historic spot... The beauty of the mountains, the spirit of the pioneer and . . . — Map (db m35916) HM
Virginia, Newport News — Third Regiment Vermont Volunteer InfantryApril 16, 1862
(front) Third Regiment Vermont Volunteer Infantry April 16, 1862 (left side) 3rd Regiment Vermont Volunteer Infantry Col. Breed N. Hyde Commanding 1st Brig., Smith's Div. 4th Corps Army of Potomac . . . — Map (db m85966) HM WM
Virginia, Petersburg — Blandford ChurchIn Harm’s Way
This church, built circa 1737, was in ruins at the time of the Civil War. Nonetheless, located behind Gracie’s, Colquitt’s and Elliott’s Salients in the Confederate defense lines, the structure served as a temporary field hospital during the . . . — Map (db m6516) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Pamplin Historical ParkThe Bivouac Monument
Pamplin Historical Park & The National Museum Of the Civil War Soldier Base of Sculpture: My Thoughts And Heart Are With You At Home, But My Duty Lies Here With Cause And Comrades Back of . . . — Map (db m86077) WM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellorsville — A Fatal Reconnaissance
When "Stonewall" Jackson reached this point at about 9 p.m. on May 2, 1863, he stood at the peak of his military career. Four hundred yards in front of you, a shaken Union army hastily built earthworks to halt the Confederate tide. One hundred yards . . . — Map (db m3980) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellorsville — Final Meeting, Fateful March
To reach the Union army's right flank, Jackson would have to march his corps twelve miles over narrow, unpaved roads. The general hoped to have his men moving by dawn on May 2, but he got an unusually late start. It was past 7 a.m. before his troops . . . — Map (db m3555) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellorsville — Jackson
(South Face): On this Spot fell mortally wounded Thomas J. Jackson Lt. Gen. C.S.A. May 2nd 1863 (East Face): There is Jackson standing like a stone wall Bee at Manassas. (North Face): Could I have directed events, I should have chosen for the good . . . — Map (db m3975) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellorsville — Jackson Monuments
The effort to erect a monument at the site of Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson's mortal wounding began in February 1887, when Fredericksburg newspaper editor Rufus Merchant founded the Stonewall Jackson Monument Association. On June 13, 1888, a crowd of . . . — Map (db m3977) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Jackson AttacksThe Battle of Chancellorsville
"You can go forward then." With those words "Stonewall" Jackson unleashed one of the most famous and successful attacks of the Civil War. On the afternoon of May 2, 1862, Jackson led 30,000 men of his Second Corps to a point just beyond the Union . . . — Map (db m3941) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Waverly Village — From Church to Hospital
As the tumult of battle subsided, new sounds filled the air; the cries and moans of wounded soldiers. Two days of fighting around Salem Church left about 4,000 men killed or wounded. As soon as the battle ended, Confederate surgeons turned the . . . — Map (db m3510) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Waverly Village — The Battle of Salem Church
This ridge top now brimming with traffic and commerce once witnessed the clash of armies. On May 3, 1863, 10,000 Confederate troops took position astride the Orange Plank Road (modern Va. Route 3). That afternoon, 20,000 Union soldiers under General . . . — Map (db m3509) HM
Virginia, Williamsburg — Fort Magruder
This large redoubt was the center of a defensive line crossing the Peninsula. These earthworks, constructed by the command of General John B. Magruder, were a part of the system of fortifications designed to protect Richmond. Here on May 5, 1862. . . . — Map (db m10572) HM
Virginia (York County), Yorktown — Yorktown National CemeteryYorktown in the Civil War — Colonial Nat'l Hist Park
Isaac Cornelius Grave Number 497 On August 31, 1861, Isaac and his brother James enlisted in Company C, 100th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. In early May 1864, Lieutenant Isaac Cornelius submitted his resignation but remained with the army, . . . — Map (db m28111) HM

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