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Middletown in the Civil War Marker image, Touch for more information
By J. J. Prats, June 2, 2006
Middletown in the Civil War Marker
Ireland, Leinster (County Meath), Tara — Welcome to Tara of the KingsHill of Tara
The Hill of Tara is Ireland's most revered ancient landscape, a place where monuments, myths and memories combine to create an icon of national identity. Tara was the chief pagan sanctuary of early Ireland, an arena for ceremony, burial . . . — Map (db m92091) HM
Ireland, Munster (County Cork), Cobh — Annie Moore Statue
Annie Moore and her brothers Anthony and Philip embarked from this town on 20 December, 1891 on the S.S. Nevada. Annie was the first person to be admitted to the United States of America through the new immigration centre at Ellis Island, New York . . . — Map (db m85821) HM
United Kingdom, England (Cumberland), Burgh by Sands — King Edward I Statue
King Edward I died in Burgh-by-Sands on 7 July 1307 whilst leading a campaign against Robert the Bruce. He was laid in St. Michael's Church.
This plaque was unveiled by HRH The Duke of Kent, KG, GCMG, GCVO on 3 July to mark the . . . — Map (db m85599) WM
United Kingdom, England (Northumberland), Bardon Mill — Steel RiggWelcome to Northumberland National Park
Where National Park meets World Heritage Site Your visit You have come to a very special place. The landscape is full of clues to our past, but it is also important for our future. Not just a pretty place The inspirational landscape . . . — Map (db m86361) HM
United Kingdom, England (Northumberland), Branxton — After the Battle of FloddenBranxton Church
. . . — Map (db m85800) HM
United Kingdom, Northern Ireland (County Antrim), Ballintoy — Carrick-a-RedeCauseway Coastal Route — National Trust
'For the boiling breakers are ever dashing themselves madly between the rocks hundreds of feet beneath, and the rope bridge thrown about by the wind like a fabric of thread. Few trust themselves upon this airy fabrication but Mr Wilson and I for . . . — Map (db m88325) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Ayrshire), Darvel — Battle of Loudoun HillMay 10, 1307
Through devotion and by willing hands this stone was hauled here to commemorate the first victory of King Robert the Bruce who won for us freedom from serfdom. — Map (db m87185) HM WM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Fife), Anstruther — The "Battle" of May Island
On the night of January 31st 1918, a disaster took place just a few miles off Anstruther when the British Grand Fleet left Rosyth for exercises in the North Sea. With wartime news restrictions in force, few if any people onshore were aware of . . . — Map (db m88928) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Fife), Dunfermline — Grave of the Mother of Sir William Wallace1303 A.D.
There is a tradition that the Mother of Sir William Wallace is buried at this spot marked by a Thorn Tree. This was the former site of the Abbey's weeping cross. — Map (db m85798) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Inverness-shire), Drumnadrochit, Inverness — Caisteal Ainmeal UrchadainThe Famous Castle of Urquhart
The greatest castle of the Scottish Highlands stands before you. Within its ruined walls, you can discover stories of the remarkable people who lived here, learn more about some of the dramatic chapters in Scotland's history and share memorable . . . — Map (db m87602) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Kilmonivaig), Spean Bridge — The Commandos1940-45
In the summer of 1949 when Britain's fortunes in World War II were at their lowest ebb and an enemy invasion was threatened Winston Churchill boldly ordered the raising of an elite force to raid the enemy-held coastline of Europe and regain the . . . — Map (db m85790) WM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Renfrewshire), Elderslie — Welcome to the traditional site of William Wallace's birthplace
Wallace was a hero of Scotland's Wars of Independence against England during the 13th and 14th centuries. Recent archaeological work on this site proves that during the 13th/14th centuries there was a significant fortified structure here . . . — Map (db m86406) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Scottish Borders), Bemersyde — Scott's View
Sir Walter Scott loved the Borders landscape, history and people with a passion. He was the most popular writer of his age: when he died his funeral procession was over a mile long. It took his body from his home at Abbotsford to his tomb in . . . — Map (db m88925) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Selkirkshire), Selkirk — The Fletcher MonumentFlodden Field
This monument, embodying the spirit of the Selkirk tradition and erected to commemorate the four hundredth anniversary of the Battle of Flodden Field, was unveiled by the Earl of Roseberry, K.G., KT. Andrew Lusk Allan Provost 1913 — Map (db m85662) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (South Ayrshire), Maybole — Crossraguel AbbeyOne of the Most Complete Medieval Monastaries in Scotland
Crossraguel Abbey was founded by Earl Duncan of Carrick (died 1250) and colonised by monks from the Cluniac abbey at Paisley. The lands bestowed on it lay almost entirely in Carrick, and included fishing rights, coal deposits and the churches of . . . — Map (db m88989) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (South Ayrshire), Maybole — The Electric Brae'
Known locally as 'Croy Brae' This runs the quarter mile from the bend overlooking Croy Railway Viaduct in the west (286 feet above ordnance Datum) to the wooded Craigencroy Glen (303 feet A.O.D.) to the east. Whilst there is this slope of . . . — Map (db m88538) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (South Lanarkshire), Bothwell — 'The Most Magnificent Ruin in Scotland'Bothwell Castle
Torn apart by the Wars of Independence, this stalwart castle survived siege after siege. Rebuilt, it became an imposing noble and royal stronghold. Castle Highlights 1. Donjon, William Murray's grand residence. 2. Prison tower with a . . . — Map (db m88028) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Stirlingshire), Falkirk — Captain William Edmonstone and the Dollar Family
This is the tomb of Captain William Edmonstone of Cambuswallace, killed at the Battle of Falkirk in 1746. It also honours the family of Falkirk-born, US shipping millionaire, Robert Dollar who gifted 13 bells to hang in the church tower — Map (db m88098) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Stirlingshire), Falkirk — Sir John De Graeme Memorial
(Front) This Memorial Fountain is erected near the spot where Sir John De Graeme Fell (Back) Presented by Robert Dollar ESQ, of San Francisco To Falkirk his native town in honour of Sir John De Graeme and . . . — Map (db m88100) HM
United Kingdom, Scotland (Stirlingshire), Falkirk — The Antonine WallAt Rough Castle — #1
THE LANDSCAPE Around 10,000 years ago the landscape would have been fairly thickly covered with trees. Into this environment came our hunting and gathering ancestors around 8,000 years ago. These people would have cleared some of the trees . . . — Map (db m86743) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Fort Morgan — Noble Leslie DeVotie
(Obverse): First Alabama soldier to lose life in Civil War. DeVotie graduated in 1856 from University of Alabama; Presbyterian Theological Seminary at Princeton in 1859. In 1856 at the University of Alabama, he was chief founder of Sigma . . . — Map (db m4219) HM
Alabama (Baldwin County), Gulf Shores — "Damn The Torpedoes!" The Campaigns for Mobile, 1864 - 1865
(preface) "Damn the Torpedoes!" is a familiar battle cry, but there's more to the story! The Mobile Civil War Trail is your guide to military movements and the way of life on and around Mobile Bay in the closing two years of the Civil . . . — Map (db m87247) HM
Alabama (Limestone County), Mooresville — Mooresville, Alabama / Mooresville Stagecoach Inn and Tavern
(Side 1) Mooresville, Alabama Incorporated November 16, 1818 Mooresville Post Office, c.1840, is the oldest operational post office in the state of Alabama. It has served the community form the same building since its . . . — Map (db m89028) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Dauphin Island — Stop D — "To Be Blown To Kingdom Come"Siege of Fort Gaines — Stop D
Once Farragut was in the Bay, capture of Fort Gaines and Powell would prevent his isolation there. So at 4:00 pm, August 3, 1864, 1,500 soldiers commanded by U.S. General Edward Canby (but under the operational direction of General Gordon . . . — Map (db m87219) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — "Damn The Torpedoes!" The Campaigns for Mobile, 1864 - 1865The Museum of Mobile
(preface) "Damn the Torpedoes!" is a familiar battle cry, but there's more to the story! The Mobile Civil War Trail is your guide to military movements and the way of life on and around Mobile Bay in the closing two years of the Civil . . . — Map (db m87288) HM
Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — An Unheralded Breed of Soldier
Let all who read these words of gratitude and praise know that tens of thousands of America's fighting men and women owe their lives to the deeds and courage of war dogs and their handlers. Further, let it be known that many breeds of dogs, large . . . — Map (db m74162) HM WM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Civil War Medicine / Montgomery's Confederate Hospitals
Side A During the War Between the States medical knowledge was primitive. As a result, twice as many men died of disease than in battle from wounds. Early in the War, childhood diseases such as measles, mumps and chicken pox decimated entire . . . — Map (db m36495) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Here Stood Mrs. Rosa ParksMother of the Civil Rights Movement
Commemorating the centennial Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Incorporated Here stood Mrs. Rosa Parks Mother of the Civil Rights Movement and honorary member of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc. where she boarded the Montgomery . . . — Map (db m85986) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — James Marion Sims1813 - 1888 — Father of Modern Gynecology
Montgomery 1848-1849 Operations he devised cured a then considered hopeless malady—gaining him fame as a benefactor of women. Founded—Women's Hospital—City of New York—-1855. Decorated by Emperor of France—Kings . . . — Map (db m87208) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — Joseph Lister Hill1894 - 1984
U. S. Congress 1923 - 1938 U. S. Senate 1938-1969 — Map (db m73043) HM
Alabama (Montgomery County), Montgomery — World War I Memorial
This memorial was dedicated on April 6, 1918. After a parade through downtown Montgomery by 30,000 predominately Ohio troops stationed at nearby Camp Sheridan. The original flagpole was purchased with the contributions of the school . . . — Map (db m74270) WM
Alabama (Morgan County), Decatur — 2 — “A Hard Nut To Crack” - Federal Defenses at Decatur“A Hard Nut To Crack” — The Battle For Decatur
Decatur played a key role in the Federal defenses of the vital rail lines in North Alabama. These defenses were configured in a three-tiered system. First, a number of lightly armored gunboats, constructed on the Tennessee River and nicknamed . . . — Map (db m86476) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Patrick Ronayne CleburneMajor General, C.S.A.
front: Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, Major General, C.S.A. Born in County Cork, Ireland, March 17, 1828; Killed at Battle of Franklin, Tenn. November 30, 1864. Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori. Shiloh . . . — Map (db m86787) WM
Georgia (Bartow County), Adairsville — Major John LewisBorn in Va. 1757 — Died in Ga. 1840
A Revolutionary soldier volunteer under Capt. Marks of Charlottesville, Va. Part of the time he belonged to the regiment that was detailed as a body guard to General LaFayette. He was in all the principle battles fought in New Jersey, Penn. and . . . — Map (db m87052) HM WM
Georgia (Bartow County), Adairsville — 008-29 — McPherson’s Troops March to Barnsley’s
May 18th, 1864. Logan’s 15th A.C. of the Army of the Tennessee [US] left Adairsville in afternoon, following the 4th & 14th A.C. [US] as far as this point, where it turned S.W. to Barnsley Gardens, where it joined K. Garrard’s Cavalry [US]. . . . — Map (db m40466) HM
Georgia (Bartow County), Allatoona — Federal Trenches
During the night of October 4, Federal troops anxiously awaited in their defenses for the attack they knew would come. Harvey M. Tremble at the 93rd Illinois Regiment recalled: "That night the command slept under arms. All knew that . . . — Map (db m87379) HM
Georgia (Bartow County), Allatoona — The Foot Bridge
At this point, a crude wooden bridge spanned the cut about 90 feet above the railroad tracks. It was constructed by felling two pine trees across the cut, planking over them and adding a hand rail. During the battle, Private Edwin R. Fullington . . . — Map (db m87380) HM
Georgia (Bartow County), Allatoona — The Railroad
Chartered by the state of Georgia in 1837, workmen completed the Western & Atlantic Railroad in 1850 over a winding 137-mile route from Atlanta, Georgia, to Chattanooga, Tennessee. At Allatoona, massive quantities of earth and stone were removed . . . — Map (db m87344) HM
Georgia (Bartow County), Allatoona — Welcome to Allatoona Pass Battlefield
The Georgia State Parks and Historic Sites, Redtop Mountain State Park, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the Friends of Georgia State Parks and Historic Sites, and the Etowah Valley Historic Society welcome you to Allatoona Pass Battlefield. We . . . — Map (db m87340) HM
Georgia (Bartow County), Cassville — Confederate Memorial Cassville Cemetery
Front: Dedicated to the memory of our Southern heroes by the Ladies Memorial Association of Cassville AD 1878. Right: Is it death to fall for Freedom's Cause. Left: Rest in peace our own Southern . . . — Map (db m87331) WM
Georgia (Bartow County), Cassville — Site of CassvilleNamed For Lewis Cass
County seat Cass County 1832-1861. First decision Supreme Court of Georgia, 1846. Name changed to Manassas 1861. Town burned by Sherman 1864 and never rebuilt. — Map (db m12359) HM
Georgia (Catoosa County), Fort Oglethorpe — The Armies EngageThe Battle of Chickamauga opened here at the site of Jays Sawmill
The Battle of Chickamauga began here on September 19, 1863, in the field adjacent to Jays Sawmill. The mill is no longer standing. At dawn, Union Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas ordered two brigades to move eastward to this location to capture a . . . — Map (db m68403) HM
Georgia (Catoosa County), Fort Oglethorpe — The Cost of Chickamauga
More than 4,000 soldiers lost their lives at Chickamauga The short path ahead leads to the grave of a loan Confederate. Pvt. John Andrew Ingraham was a local man, one of many who join the Confederate Army. He was killed at midday on . . . — Map (db m87411) HM
Georgia (Catoosa County), Ringgold — 023-12 — Cherokee Springs Confederate Hospital
>>>>— ½ mile ——> One half mile east is the site of Cherokee Springs Confederate Hospital, located here in 1862-1863. Hundreds of sick and wounded Confederate soldiers were sent to the hospital to rest and recuperate, being . . . — Map (db m89194) HM
Georgia (Catoosa County), Ringgold — 023-14 — Confederate Hospitals
Here in 1862-1863 were located several Confederate hospitals - The Foard, The General, The Bragg, and The Buckner. The Courthouse, Napier's Hotel, two Churches, several warehouses, and temporary buildings were also used as hospitals. More than . . . — Map (db m12196) HM
Georgia (Catoosa County), Ringgold — The Evans HouseChickamauga Campaign Heritage Trail
The Evans house was a double-pen log structure located on the corner of Guyler and Nashville Streets in Ringgold. Before the war the widow Evans took in boarders at the house to provide an income for her family. Two of these were nurses from the . . . — Map (db m68972) HM
Georgia (Chatham County), Savannah — Francis Bartow
Francis S. Bartow Colonel 8th, Regt. Georgia Volunteers Confederate States Army Born Savannah Ga. September 6th, 1816. Fell at Manassas July 21 st, 1861. — Map (db m11363) HM
Georgia (Chatham County), Tybee Island — Moat Feeder Canal
In wartime the moat was filled with water from the South Channel of the Savannah River. This feeder canal featured stop-lock gates which provided water control and access to small barges bringing supplies to the fort. When filled from this . . . — Map (db m13187) HM
Georgia (Chatham County), Tybee Island — The Demilune
Surrounded on all sides by the moat, the demilune (literally “half-moon”) protected the vulnerable fort entrance. This triangular area was modified in 1872 by the addition of earthen mounds which housed powder magazines. During the . . . — Map (db m67779) HM
Georgia (Cobb County), Kennesaw — Assault on Pigeon Hill
Union Attackers failed to split the Confederate army here. On the morning of June 27, 1864, three brigades totaling 5,500 soldiers from Ohio, Indiana and Illinois charged toward Pigeon Hill. Advancing in battle lines astride Burnt . . . — Map (db m87423) HM
Georgia (Cobb County), Kennesaw — The Assault Falters
Beaten federals entrenched within 30 yards to the Confederate earthworks. As the Union attack stalled, two surviving Federal colonels hastily discussed retreat. Realizing that withdrawal under heavy fire would invite more bloodshed, they . . . — Map (db m87417) HM
Georgia (Cobb County), Kennesaw — The Dead Angle
This bend in the Confederate line became the battle's focal point. At 9 a.m. on June 27, 1864, thousands of yelling, blue-clad soldiers charged across the distant field toward the Tennessee soldiers in these earthworks. As the federals . . . — Map (db m87415) HM
Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — Camouflaged CannonsKennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park
Tennessee cannoneers positioned two 12-pounder howitzers within this redoubt. Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Cheatham ordered these artillery crews to camouflage the earthen mounds with cut underbrush and to hold their fire unless attacked. For the next . . . — Map (db m70085) HM
Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-106 — Confederate Cemetery
3,000 Confederate dead from every southern state are buried in this cemetery. First established for [CS] soldiers killed in a railroad collision in 1863, it became the resting place for dead from nearby battlefields. In 1866, under the direction of . . . — Map (db m17007) HM
Georgia (Cobb County), Marietta — 033-52 — Kennesaw Battlefield
One of the two abortive attempts to break Johnson’s line, * June 27, 1864, was made in this area by 3 Federal brigades. Deployed on the ridge W. of the stream & astride Burnt Hickory Rd., they moved E. toward the Spur of the mountain, which was the . . . — Map (db m867) HM
Georgia (DeKalb County), Stone Mountain — The Country Comes Before Me
Tablet #1 The richer, the wiser, the more powerful a man is, the greater is the obligation upon him to employ his gifts in the lessening of that sum of human misery. John Randolph Tablet #2 Those who labor in the earth . . . — Map (db m87449) WM
Georgia (Fulton County), Atlanta — Thomas E. Watson
. . . — Map (db m87462) HM
Georgia (Gordon County), Calhoun — The Calhoun Depot
Constructed in 1847 by the Western & Atlantic Rail Road Purchased by the City of Calhoun 1990 Roof Donation by the Calhoun Woman's Club 1991 Renovated by the City of Calhoun 1996/97 Construction Project Manager Councilman . . . — Map (db m87057)
Georgia (Gordon County), Resaca — 064-4 — Battle of ResacaMay 14-15, 1864
At this point the intrenched line of Gen. John B. Hood's Corps (CS) crossed the road ~ this corps being one of the three composing Gen. J.E. Johnston's Army of Tennessee. Line faced N., Hindman's Div. (CS) on the left extended W. to Camp Creek . . . — Map (db m11554) HM
Georgia (Hall County), Gainesville — U.D.C. Confederate Soldiers Monument
(front) Our Confederate Soldiers To the defenders of the Confederacy, patriots The record of whose fortitude and heroism in the service of their country is the proud heritage of a loyal posterity. "Tell ye . . . — Map (db m87466) WM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Massachusetts
[Front Side]: Death Before Dishonor Erected by the Commonwealth in memory of her sons who died in Andersonville 1864-1865 [Back Side]: Known Dead 767. Resolves 1900 Chapter 77 Approved May 28, W. Murray, Crane . . . — Map (db m12127) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Ohio
(Front): To her 1055 loyal sons who died here in Camp Sumpter from March 1864 to April 1865 this monument is dedicated. (Back): Death before Dishonor — Map (db m12130) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — Rhode Island
[Front/West Plaque]: Our Honored Dead Pvt. Charles N. Allen, Co. D, 1st Reg. Cav. Sgt. John H. Austin, Co. H, 1st Reg. Cav. Pvt. Frederick Bane, Co. A, 5th Reg. Art. Pvt. John W. Bidmead, Co. G, 1st Reg. Cav. Pvt. James . . . — Map (db m12131) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — The "Sinks"
This downstream end of Stockade Branch was the site of the camp "sinks" or latrines. According to the Confederates' original plan, prisoners would get drinking water upstream and use latrines downstream, where the current would flush sewage out . . . — Map (db m89243) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — The Expanded Stockade
The unhewn logs with daylight between them betray the Confederates' haste to expand the north end of camp. In contrast, the reconstruction at the North Gate section show the carefully planned design of the stockade's initial 16 acres, when . . . — Map (db m89248) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville — This Was Andersonville
You are about to enter Andersonville, one of the largest Confederate prisoner-of-war camps. Of the 45,000 Union soldiers confined here, nearly 13,000 died. Beyond a walking tour of the stockade area, a visit to Andersonville involves an inner . . . — Map (db m12145) HM
Georgia (Macon County), Andersonville in Macon County — A Tight StockadeAndersonville First Phase
These carefully hewn, closely fitted logs reflect the deliberate design of the prison's initial sixteen and one-half acres. At the far northeast corner, haphazardly spaced tree trunks reveal the hasty construction of the camp's ten-acre addition. . . . — Map (db m89233) HM
Georgia (Sumter County), Andersonville — National Prisoner of War Museum
This building is a memorial to all Americans held as prisoners of war. Through exhibits and video presentations the museum is a reminder that American's freedoms can come at great cost. The museum's architecture is not based on a specific place . . . — Map (db m73170) HM WM
Georgia (Sumter County), Andersonville — Wirz Monument
(east side) Wirz In memory Captain Henry Wirz C.S.A. Born Zurich, Switzerland, 1822 Sentenced to death and executed at Washington D.C. Nov. 10, 1865. To rescue his name from the stigma . . . — Map (db m87990) HM WM
Georgia (Walker County), Chickamauga — Boynton AvenueColonel James Boynton, CSA 1833-1902
Boynton, born in Henry County, Georgia, enlisted as a private in the thirtieth Georgia Regiment and rose to the rank of Colonel of the Regiment. His regiment bore its full share of danger and toil and the regiment never went into action except . . . — Map (db m88976) HM
Georgia (Walker County), Chickamauga — Crittenden AvenueMajor General Thomas L. Crittenden, USA 1819-1893
Crittenden, born in Russelville, Kentucky, was a lawyer before the war, and served as US Council in Liverpool, England. He joined the military and fought in the Mexican War. He commanded the 21st Corp at Chickamauga. After the war he served as . . . — Map (db m88980) HM
Georgia (Walker County), Chickamauga — Longstreet AvenueBattle of Chickamauga
General James Longstreet, C.S.A., was in command of the left wing of the Army of Tennessee, commanded by General Braxton Bragg. Longstreet's forces broke the federal lines at the Brotherton house, which threw the Union Army into full retreat to . . . — Map (db m88975) HM
Georgia (Walker County), Fort Oglethorpe — MT-448 — John B. Hood
(main marker) John B. Hood Maj. Gen, C.S.A., Wounded Sept. 20, 1863. (roadside marker) To Spot Where Gen. Hood Was Wounded. — Map (db m88984) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 155-12 — Ascent to Dug Gap
1.5 Mi. W. this road ascends to and crosses the summit of Rocky Face ridge -- a direct route between Dalton and LaFayette. May 7, 1864. Grigsby's brigade (Wheeler's Cav.), after retreating from Tunnel Hill to Mill Creek Cap, camped on this road . . . — Map (db m10788) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 155-21 — Crow Valley
Federal forces moved south on this road in an attempt to outflank the Confederate defenders at Mill Creek Gap, which was being threatened by two Federal divisions from the west. These movements were to test the strength of Johnston`s army at Dalton. . . . — Map (db m10786) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — 155-20 — Stevenson's Line
During demonstrations on Rocky Face & in Crow Valley, by 4th & 23d Army Corps troops, the northern line of Dalton’s defense works crossed the road here. Stevenson’s div. (Hood’s Army Corps) held this sector, his left at Cheatham’s line, at Signal . . . — Map (db m17162) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — The Battle of Mill Creek GapMay 7-12, 1864 — The Opening Phase of the Atlanta Campaign
The Atlanta Campaign opened at 3:00 AM on the morning of May 7th as the bugles of McCook's Federal Brigade sounded reveille at their camps near Ringgold. Federal troops occupied the village of Tunnel Hill and approached Buzzard's Roost Pass, as Mill . . . — Map (db m86522) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Dalton — Western and Atlantic Railroad Depot
Date of Construction: 1852 Builder: Western and Atlantic Railroad Original Occupancy: Railroad Station Here, during the Civil War on April 12, 1862, the engine "Texas," dropped off a telegraph operator with orders to warn the Confederate . . . — Map (db m86525) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Rocky Face — 155-13 — Mill Creek Gap
Otherwise known as Buzzard Roost. This natural gateway through Rock Face Ridge was heavily fortified by Confederate forces at Dalton after their retreat from Missionary Ridge. February 25, 1864, the Federal 14th A.C., Dept. of the Cumberland, . . . — Map (db m11072) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Varnell — Joseph Standing Monument
This memorial park and monument honor the memory of Elder Joseph Standing of Salt Lake City, Utah, a missionary of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, (Mormon) who was killed here by a mob July 21, 1879. His companion, Elder Rudger . . . — Map (db m22501) HM
Georgia (Whitfield County), Waring — 155-23 — Military Operations in Crow Valley
There were 2 demonstrations by Federal forces on Dalton, in 1864: Feb. 24-26; May 7-12. On these over-lapping fields of operation, the Burke House & spring were noted landmarks. Feb. 25, Cruft`s & Baird`s divs. (4th & 14th A.C.), via the low ridge . . . — Map (db m10929) HM
Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — Gateway to Kaintuck
For travelers who had to walk, the Appalachian mountains seemed like an impenetrable wall, 600 miles long and 150 miles wide. Here at Cumberland Gap you could find both a good way in and a good way out of that rugged labyrinth of ridges, coves, . . . — Map (db m35880) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — Assault from the Bottom HousePerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
They were outnumbered, but they were ready. Watching from the top of the hill across the road, members of the 3rd Ohio Infantry Regiment saw waves of attacking Confederate infantry moving toward them. These Federal soldiers, anchoring the southern . . . — Map (db m46491) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 20 — Cleburne's AdvancePerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
Forced back from the hills above Doctor's Creek, the Union soldiers retreated to this position. Their lines were in chaos - regiments intermingled, the wounded were left behind and some panicked troops raced for the rear. Most soldiers, however, . . . — Map (db m88483) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — Perryville Battlefield
Perryville Battlefield has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United . . . — Map (db m21450) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — Squire Henry P. Bottom
. . . — Map (db m88466) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — The 15th Kentucky Infantry (US)Perryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
On the ridge to your right front and across the paved road fought the 15th Kentucky Infantry (US). The 15th was recruited in the fall of 1861 from northern Kentucky and the Louisville area. At Perryville the regiment (part of Colonel William Lytle’s . . . — Map (db m46490) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — The Battle of Perryville
The battle which climaxed the major Confederate invasion of Kentucky was fought on these hills west of Perryville. A sharp clash occurred on October 7 in order to gain possession of the only water supply in the vicinity. The opposing armies . . . — Map (db m21474) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 19 — The H. P. Bottom HousePerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
During the battle, more than 7,500 soldiers were killed or wounded. The town's 300 inhabitants were left to bury the dead, care for the injured, and repair their homes after months of post-battle occupation. Perhaps no civilian suffered more . . . — Map (db m88472) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — Webster's BrigadePerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
In these fields, a Union brigade commanded by Colonel George Penny Webster supported the main Union battle line. Webster's troops, numbering more than 3,000 men from Ohio and Indiana, were new soldiers who would soon experience the horrors of . . . — Map (db m88695) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — "Rally, boys! Rally to the Colors!"
After the early morning engagement near Mt. Zion Church both sides regrouped. Manson deployed the Union forces here at Duncannon Road, placing his brigade on the east side of the Old State Road (US 421) and Gen. Cruft's brigade on the west side. . . . — Map (db m86281) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — "The Loud Mouthed Dogs of War Were Unleashed"The Battle of Richmond Began At An Artiller Duel
The Battle of Richmond began about 5 AM on August 30, 1862, as pickets from Gen. Mahlon Manson's Union brigade and Gen. Patrick Cleburne's Confederate division exchanged shots. With the initial rattle of musketry both side began shaping their lines, . . . — Map (db m86263) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — A Reckless And Useless Charge
Just as the Confederate line began to push Gen. Mahlon Manson's army, Gen. Charles Cruft brought a portion of his brigade, two regiments of infantry and a partial artillery battery, onto the field. The 95th Ohio and 18th Kentucky were in the lead . . . — Map (db m86269) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Barnett Burial Ground
The Cemetery This cemetery hold the remains of some of the Barnett family, who settled this land sometime before 1804, and their servants. While most of these markers are inscribed, there are also at least three unidentified field-stone . . . — Map (db m86272) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 1825 — Civil War Field Hospital
(Front): Built in 1852, this building was adjacent to location of the Battle of Richmond, Aug. 29-30, 1862, and became field hospital for Gen. Wm. Nelson's 1st and 2nd brigades, USA. Mortality was high, and about forty Union soldiers were . . . — Map (db m31471) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — Fight at RogersvilleAugust 29, 1862
"On the 29th I made a reconnaissance of the enemy with my whole command." Col. John Scott, 1st Louisiana Cavalry Gen. Mahlon Manson was south of Richmond when he received word that Confederate cavalry was to his south. Manson marched his . . . — Map (db m31510) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — General Thomas Churchill
General Thomas Churchill *** Gen. Thomas James Churchill commanded the brigade of Texas dismounted cavalry that delivered the crushing blow to the Union right. Churchill had come a long way home to lead the assault. *** Thomas James . . . — Map (db m48177) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — S273 — Michigan Light Artillery Regiment / Batteries F and G
(Obverse Side) Michigan Light Artillery Regiment During the Civil War more than three thousand men served in Michigan's First Regiment of Artillery. The twelve batteries saw action in both major theaters. Unlike in infantry . . . — Map (db m66937) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — The Battle BeginsAugust 30, 1862
The Battle of Richmond began in the early morning hours of August 30, 1862. Near this site Confederate cavalry pushed Union pickets north - toward the main Union line. Confederate Gen. Patrick Cleburne placed his artillery to the southeast, on a . . . — Map (db m31625) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — The Union Line at the FenceUnion soldiers choose their ground
After the initial contact between the Union and Confederate forces in the foggy half light of the winter morning, Colonel Speed Fry, commanding the 4th Kentucky Infantry (US), pulled his men back to a rail fence on a hill east of the Mill Springs . . . — Map (db m62999) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Bolivar — 19th Century BackpackerThe Civil War Soldier — Antietam Campaign 1862
An unnamed citizen of Frederick City said the following of the Confederates he had beheld marching through his hometown: “I have never seen a mass of such filthy strong-smelling men. Three in a room would make it unbearable, and when marching . . . — Map (db m1521) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Bolivar — Maryland Campaign of 1862 / The Lost Orders
(Left Side) On September 4, 1862, General Robert E. Lee, hoping to shorten the war by winning a decisive victory on Northern soil, crossed the Potomac River into Maryland. Lee planned to draw the Army of the Potomac through South Mountain into . . . — Map (db m2040) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Bolivar — T. P. 2 — Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 2
In the advance of the Union forces to repel the invasion of Maryland by the Confederates, the Army of the Potomac commanded by Major General Geo. B. McClellan, moved northward from Washington with its front extending from near the Baltimore and Ohio . . . — Map (db m1595) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Bolivar — T. P. 3 — Turner's Pass Tablet T. P. 3
Hill's five brigades were encamped at and around Boonsboro to prevent the escape of the Union forces at Harper's Ferry, through Pleasant Valley. Informed that two Union brigades were approaching Turner's Pass, Hill, on the evening of September 13, . . . — Map (db m1596) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Burkittsville — C.P. 3 — Crampton’s Pass Tablet C.P. 3
(September 14, 1862) Upon the approach of the Sixth Corps, Army of the Potomac, from Jefferson, Col. T. T. Munford, Commanding Cavalry Brigade, prepared to dispute its advance through this Pass. Mahone’s Brigade, Lt. Col. Parham, Commanding, was . . . — Map (db m2023) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Burkittsville — George Alfred TownsendA Man and His Mountain — Antietam Campaign 1862
None of the structures you see here in Crampton’s Gap existed during the battle on September 14, 1862. George Alfred Townsend constructed all the stone buildings and walls, as well as the Correspondents’ Arch, between 1884 and 1896. Townsend, . . . — Map (db m1931) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Burkittsville — C.P. 2 — Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws' Command
C. S. A. Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws' Command (September 12-13, 1862) McLaws’ Command consisted of Kershaw’s, Barksdale’s, Semmes’ and Cobb’s Brigades of his own Division and R. H. Anderson’s Division of six Brigades-Wilcox’s, Mahone’s, . . . — Map (db m2021) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Burkittsville — C.P. 4 — Sixth Army Corps
U. S. A. Sixth Army Corps. Major Gen. W. B. Franklin, Commanding (September 14, 1862) The Sixth Corps consisted of two Divisions commanded by Major Generals H. W. Slocum and W. F. Smith. On the march of the Army of the Potomac through Maryland, . . . — Map (db m2024) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4–6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. . . . — Map (db m18382) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Gordon’s Decisive Attack
3:00-4:30 p.m. July 9, 1864 So profuse was the flow of blood from the killed and wounded of both sides of these forces that it reddened the stream [on the Thomas Farm] for more than 100 yards below. Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon The first . . . — Map (db m89244) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Worthington House
Fields of wheat and corn surrounded the hilltop farmhouse of John T. Worthington. Few trees obstructed his views of the meandering Monocacy River and Thomas farm to the east. In the two years since buying the 300-acre farm, Worthington had seen . . . — Map (db m3283) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Jefferson — Journalists Who Gave Their Lives
In Memory of Those Journalists Who Gave Their Lives Reporting on the War on Terrorism Daniel Pearl The Wall Street Journal Afghanistan - February 2002 David Bloom NBC News Iraq - April 2003 Michael . . . — Map (db m86942) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Middletown — MiddletownEnemies and Friends — Antietam Campaign 1862
When Gen. Robert E. Lee and part of the Army of Northern Virginia passes through Middletown on September 10–11, 1862, they encountered a chilly reception. The inhabitants of this single-street hamlet on the National Road loved the Union, and . . . — Map (db m21911) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Middletown — Middletown in the Civil War
September, 1862, soldiers wounded in the Battle of South Mountain were hospitalized in churches here. July 1863, Gen. Meade established headquarters here as Union Forces pursued Confederates retreating from Gettysburg. July, 1864, Confederate Gen. . . . — Map (db m414) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Sharpsburg — "It Is A.P. Hill"
Outnumbered Southerners watched the Northern Ninth Corps climb the hills toward them: "The first thing we saw appear was the gilt eagle that surmounted the pole, then the top of the flag, next the flutter of the stars and stripes itself, . . . — Map (db m89210) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Sharpsburg — 2nd Maryland Infantry
Maryland 2nd Md Infantry At 9:30 a.m. advanced on the stone bridge, defended by Toombs' Brigade and two batt- eries on high ground beyond. Charged to within 100 yards of the bridge when, checked by the severity of the enemy's fire it took . . . — Map (db m6463) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Battery FBattle of Corinth
Only extant redan of six built in 1862 by U.S. troops as outer defense south and west of town. Taken on Oct. 3, 1862, by C.S. forces after fierce fighting. Battle resumed on Oct. 4, but C.S. troops forced to withdraw. — Map (db m66613) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Corinth Confederate Monument
(front) Col. W.P. Rogers 2nd Texas Reg't. Killed at Ft. Robinette Oct. 4, 1862. As long as courage, manliness and patriotism exist, the name of Rogers will be honored among men. He fell in the front of battle in the . . . — Map (db m89036) WM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Site of the Mitchell HouseA look at Civil War Corinth - — through the eyes of wartime artists and photographers
Corinth City Hall now occupies this site, but early in the war the Houston Mitchell family lived in this spacious home. A favorite house among the general officers who served in Corinth at various times, the Mitchell residence was used as . . . — Map (db m88942) HM
Mississippi (Alcorn County), Corinth — Texas Memorial
(Front): Texas remembers the valor and devotion of its sons which served at Corinth and its surrounding environs during the Western Campaign of 1862. Here in the days following the retreat of Southern forces from the battlefield of . . . — Map (db m42632) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — B-2 — Brice's Cross RoadsFirst Main Battle Line (Union)
Brig. Gen. Benjamin Grierson's Federal cavalry (3,300 troops) left Stubbs plantation (nine miles northwest of Brice's Cross Roads) at daybreak on June 10, 1864. By 10:00 a.m. the cavalry had reached Brice's Cross Roads and advance units had . . . — Map (db m62172) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Confederate's First Battle Line Formed Here
at 1:00 o'clock. General Forrest's men were all on the field ready for action. From a quarter of a mile north and extending more than a mile south across the Guntown Road the Confederates formed a pincers movement against the enemy. Confederate . . . — Map (db m62106) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Federal's Second Battle Line
Federal's Second Battle Line General Sturis was able to use his infantry here for the first time in the battle. General Forrest had beaten the Union Cavalry before the infantry reached the battlefield. Infantry and cavalry formed . . . — Map (db m89096) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — First Shots of the Battle of Brice's Crossroads
First Shots of the Battle of Brice's Crossroads were fired here at 9:30 Morning of June 10, 1864 Scouts from General Nathan Bedford Forrest's 7th Tennessee (Confederate) met scouts from General Samuel D. Sturgis' 4th . . . — Map (db m89091) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — General Barteau's Flank Movement
Along the ridge north-east, General Barteau's 2nd Tennessee flanked the Union forces, creating havoc among white and negro soldiers of General Sturgis' command. — Map (db m61957) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — General Sturgis' Supreme Effort
To Hold The Crossroads Placing the 93rd Illinois, 8th Illinois and 114th Illinois Infantry here and immediately behind, he placed his artillery consisting of Battery B of 2nd Illinois; 7th Wisconsin Battery; 14th Indiana . . . — Map (db m5738) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Baldwyn — Interpretive SitesBattle of Brice's Crossroads • June 10, 1864 Battle of Tupelo • July 13-15, 1864
Welcome to the Mississippi's Final Stands Interpretive Center. After visiting our museum gallery, we hope that you will tour the Brice's Crossroads and Tupelo battlefields for yourself, with the help of our audio tour and roadside signage. . . . — Map (db m91147) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Guntown — Tippah, Tishomingo, Pontotoc, Itawamba Intersection
Near this site is the intersection of a local road between the county seats of Ripley (Tippah) and Fulton (Itawamba) and the wire road that connected the county seats of Jacinto (Tishomingo) and Pontotoc (Pontotoc). The community of Bethany, . . . — Map (db m91176) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Guntown — Treaty of Pontotoc
In 1832, this area ceded from the Chickasaw Nation to the United States by the Treaty of Pontotoc and became part of the State of Mississippi. According to the treaty, the land was surveyed and offered for sale by the Federal Government. The . . . — Map (db m91177) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Elvis Presley and Tupelo
On October 3, 1945, a ten-year old Elvis played to his first crowd on these grounds and took 5th place in a talent show. Eleven years later he returned as the King of Rock and Roll! Elvis in Tupelo Elvis Aron Presley was born . . . — Map (db m91174) HM
Mississippi (Lee County), Tupelo — Tupelo Confederate Soldiers Monument
(front) CSA Erected in honor of and to the memory of Confederate Soldiers by their comrades, their sons and daughters. The love, gratitude, and memory of the people of the South Shall gild their fame in one eternal . . . — Map (db m89098) WM
Mississippi (Prentiss County), Booneville — Capture Of Booneville
On May 30, 1862, a Union brigade under the command of Col. W.L. Elliott of the Second Iowa Cavalry advanced to Booneville. Entering town at daybreak, the Federals destroyed the depot and a large train loaded with munitions and equipment and . . . — Map (db m89043) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Jefferson Davis
President Confederate States and Commander-in-Chief Cadet U.S. Military Academy 1821 2nd Lt. 1st U.S. Infantry July 1, 1828 1st Lieut. Dragoons March 4, 1833 Adjt. Aug. 30, 1833 to Feb. 3, 1834 Resigned June 30, 1835 Col. 1st Miss. . . . — Map (db m88183) HM WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Stephen Dill Lee
Lieutenant General ***C.S.A.*** Brigadier General Commanding Second Brigade Stevenson's Division May Second - July Fourth 1863 — Map (db m88193) HM WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Tennessee
Dedicated to the Tennessee Confederate Soldiers Who served in Defense of Vicksburg — Map (db m88191) WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — The End In Sight
After 47 days under siege, the battle could only end in surrender—or a dramatic rescue. Inside Vicksburg, General Pemberton faced harsh realities—one third of his troops were too sick to fight, their drinking water was contaminated, they . . . — Map (db m81907) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — The Surrender Interview SiteJuly 3, 1863
Here in the shade of a stunted oak General John C. Pemberton met General Ulysses S. Grant to negotiate the surrender of Vicksburg. When Pemberton refused unconditional surrender terms, Grant suggested they step aside and let subordinate officers . . . — Map (db m5991) HM
North Carolina (Lincoln County), Lowesville — O 44 — Stonewall Jackson
Thomas J. Jackson, later a Confederate General, married Anna Morrison July 16, 1857, in her home which stood 200 yds. E. — Map (db m70032) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Cashtown — Roads West
The historic Cashtown Inn has been offering lodging and dining to weary travelers since the turn of the 19th Century. Roads were important to town development, just as the automobile was important to their prosperity. As roads brought travelers . . . — Map (db m68558) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Highway Headquarters
General Robert E. Lee and his staff planned one of America's greatest battles at this site. Almost a century later the site began offering overnight accommodations to travelers coming to pay homage to their heroes. Gutted by fire in 1896, the . . . — Map (db m94496) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Historic BreastworksJuly 2, 1863 - Second Day
"Rude shelters were thrown up of the loose rocks that covered the ground." Col. Joshua L. Chamberlain, U.S.A. Commander, 20th Maine Volunteers The increased range and accuracy of Civil War weapons made prolonged exposure to enemy fire extremely . . . — Map (db m14936) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — The Deadly SharpshootersJuly 2, 1863 - Second Day
"The sharpshooters also began their deadly work, and the sharp zip - p-i-n-g-g-g - of the spiteful rifle ball, more dangerous than its larger brother, added to our perils." Capt. <blurred> G. Carter, U.S.A. 22nd Massachusetts Infantry Little . . . — Map (db m14913) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — The Eye of General WarrenJuly 2, 1863 - Second Day
"I saw that this [Little Round Top] was the key to the whole position..." Brig. Gen. G.K. Warren, U.S.A. Chief of Engineers, Army of the Potomac About 3:30 p.m. on July 2, the Union army's Chief Engineer, Brig. Gen. G.K. Warren, stepped out on . . . — Map (db m14919) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Virginia Memorial
General Robert E. Lee Mounted on "Traveller" The group represents various types who left civil occupations to join the Confederate Army. Left to right; a professional man, a mechanic, an artist, a boy, a business man, a farmer, a youth. Dedicated . . . — Map (db m11934) HM
South Carolina (Charleston County), Charleston — Morris Island
Confederate batteries hidden in the dunes of Morris Island, directly in front of you, commanded the approach to Charleston Harbor. Union forces needed Morris Island, a key location from which to attack Fort Sumter, less than one mile away. On July . . . — Map (db m84003) HM
South Carolina (Charleston County), Charleston — The First Presbyterian Church of CharlestonOrganized 1731 / Incorporated 1784 — This building dedicated 1814
Originally founded by twelve Scottish families, it was familiarly known in its early history as the Scots' Kirk. The present church replaced an earlier one, which had been enlarged once before the American Revolution and twice afterwards. . . . — Map (db m39315) HM
South Carolina (Charleston County), Mount Pleasant — 10-10 — War of 1812 Encampment
(Front text) On June 18, 1812, the United States declared war against Great Britain. One of the first units to be mustered into service was the Third Regiment of South Carolina Militia, which was stationed at Haddrell's Point, west of here, . . . — Map (db m39505) HM
South Carolina (Charleston County), Sullivans Island — Palmetto Fort1776
In 1776 South Carolinians prepared for a British invasion by building a fort on this site. This key position on Sullivans Island, beside the main ship channel, protected the entrance to Charleston Harbor. The fort was designed as a 500-foot square . . . — Map (db m67399) HM
South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Colonel Howard's Misunderstood Order
After firing twice, the militia retreated behind the Continentals who were awaiting the British advance in this area. British reinforcements, Fraser's 71st Highlanders, threatened the Continentals' right flank. Lt. Col. Howard ordered his right . . . — Map (db m13031) HM
South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — The Continental Army at Cowpens
This line consisted of Continentals from Maryland and Delaware as well as militia from Virginia and North Carolina. Seasoned veterans under Lt. Col. John Eager Howard of Maryland, they had served at least one year and were Morgan's most reliable . . . — Map (db m13064) HM
South Carolina (Cherokee County), Gaffney — Washington Light Infantry Monument
This Monument was erected by The Washington Light Infantry Of Charleston S.C. L.M. Hatch. Capt April. 1856 Cowpens Chapter D.A.R. 1936 — Map (db m13385) HM
South Carolina (Richland County), Columbia — South Carolina Women of the Confederacy Monument
[North Face]: To The South Carolina Women Of The Confederacy 1861-1865 — Reared By The Men Of Their State 1909-11 [West face]: In this monument Generations unborn shall hear the voice Of a grateful . . . — Map (db m21928) HM
South Carolina (York County), Blacksburg — Americans Victors
Imagine hundreds of men, dressed more or less alike, heart still pounding from the fever of battle, milling around this hillside as the sun sets. Whigs and Tories both sleep on wet, cold ground, amid the groans of wounded and dying men. The rebel . . . — Map (db m17657) HM
Tennessee (Davidson County), Nashville — Felix K. Zollicoffer
Ante-bellum newspaper editor and Brigadier General in Confederate Army. Killed at battle of Fishing Creek, Kentucky, January 19, 1862. He was first Confederate general killed in the West. — Map (db m86365) HM
Tennessee (Davidson County), Nashville — 3A 106 — William Carroll
A native of Pennsylvania, William Carroll moved to Nashville in 1810. He became a successful merchant and hero of the War of 1812. William Carroll served longer as Governor, 12 years, than anyone else in the history of the state. Under his . . . — Map (db m39407) HM
Tennessee (Davidson County), Nashville — William Driver
Captain of sea-going sailing vessels from Salem, Massachusetts, lived in Nashville in his later years. It was his flag, which he called "Old Glory," that was raised over the State Capitol when Federal troops captured Nashville in 1862. — Map (db m86366) HM
Tennessee (Hamilton County), Chattanooga — Andrews RaidersOhio's Tribute
Front of the Monument Ohio's Tribute To The Andrews Raiders 1862 Erected 1890. Right side of the Monument Escaped 21st Ohio Vol. Inf. J. Alfred Wilson, Co. C Mark Wood, " " Wm. J. Knight, " E Wilson W. . . . — Map (db m56807) HM
Tennessee (Hamilton County), Chattanooga — MT-369 — Cumming's BrigadeStevenson's Division — Breckinridge's Corps.
Cumming's Brigade Stevenson's Division - Breckinridge's Corps. Brig. Gen. Alfred Cumming. Nov. 25, 1863, Afternoon. 34th Georgia - Col. J. A. W. Johnson, Wounded. 38th Georgia - Lieut. Col. A. E. Wallace, Wounded. 39th Georgia - . . . — Map (db m58323) HM
Tennessee (Hamilton County), Chattanooga — A US — Military History of Chattanooga
This city was first occupied by Confederate troops in the spring of 1862 under Generals Floyd, Maxey and Leadbetter. Union troops under General Mitchell shelled it June 7 and 8. Bragg's Army occupied it in August preparing for the Kentucky campaign, . . . — Map (db m81670) HM
Tennessee (Hamilton County), Chattanooga — Swaim's JailConfining Andrew's Raiders
Swaim’s Jail, a small two-story brick building set into the side of the slope and surrounded by a high board fence, stood across the street. Confederate authorities held Andrew’s Raiders there after their capture in April 1862. James J. Andrews, 22 . . . — Map (db m51690) HM
Tennessee (Hamilton County), Chattanooga — To the Memory of Our Confederate DeadChattanooga Confederate Cemetery
In these sacred grounds the sons of eleven southern states are buried. The most of them died in hospitals at Chattanooga, from wounds received in the Battle of Murfreesboro and from sickness and wounds incurred in the campaigns from January . . . — Map (db m88266) HM
Tennessee (Hamilton County), Signal Mountain — Boats on the Tennessee — Civil War supply boats challenged the treacherous narrows here
The mighty Tennessee River extends 652 miles from its source near Knoxville to its confluence with the Ohio River at Paducah, Kentucky. During the Civil War the river was a natural highway through this region, but sections of rapids were impassable . . . — Map (db m68845) HM
Tennessee (Hardin County), Savannah — 4C 34 — Joseph Hardin1734-1801
Colonel Hardin was born in Virginia but moved to North Carolina in 1772. During the Revolutionary War, he fought at King's Mountain and elsewhere in the South. He was Speaker of the House of the State of Franklin in 1785 and a member of the . . . — Map (db m28702) HM
Tennessee (Hardin County), Shiloh — Johnston's Last Bivouac"I would fight them if they were a million." — Battle of Shiloh
(Preface): After the February 1862 Union victories at Forts Henry and Donelson, Gen. Don Carlos Buell's army occupied Nashville while Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's army penetrated to Pittsburg Landing on the Tennessee River. Buell and Grant planned . . . — Map (db m81845) HM
Tennessee (Hardin County), Shiloh — Ruggles' Batteries
After six hours of bloody fighting here, it became evident that Confederate infantry alone would not break the strong Union defenses along the Sunken Road and the thickets beyond. Toward late afternoon, Brig. Gen. Daniel Ruggles brought forward . . . — Map (db m20974) HM
Tennessee (Henderson County), Parkers Crossroads — "Give 'Em Hell"
Forrest placed the burden of the battle at Parker's Crossroads on his artillery, planning to win the battle with his cannoneers. His effective use of artillery allowed the Confederates to dominate the first two-thirds of the battle. As . . . — Map (db m72263) HM
Tennessee (Henderson County), Parkers Crossroads — A Fire Terrible In Its Intensity
Forrest planned to encircle the Union position with artillery, using his guns to fight the battle rather than engaging his dismounted troops in close small arms combat. When Forrest deployed his troops following the engagement at Hicks' field . . . — Map (db m72319) HM
Tennessee (Henderson County), Parkers Crossroads — Parker's CrossroadsNarrowly Avoided Defeat — Forrest's First West Tennessee Raid
Late in 1862, the Union army under Ulysses S. Grant threatened Vicksburg, Mississippi. Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg ordered Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest to sever Grant's West Tennessee supply line which extended from Columbus, Kentucky, via the . . . — Map (db m72222) HM
Tennessee (Henderson County), Parkers Crossroads — The Battle Begins
On the evening of December 30, Forrest's scouts ascertained that Dunham's Brigade was just north of Clarksburg. Forrest, knowing that General Sullivan was at Huntingdon, "determined to throw his force between Dunham and Sullivan and whip the . . . — Map (db m72278) HM
Tennessee (Henderson County), Parkers Crossroads — The Battle of Parker's CrossroadsTour Stop 4 — Jones Cemetery and the Old Dug Well
As the battle moved from Hicks Field through the crossroads, Forrest's troops began to move east, roughly along the Wildersville Road. Here, near Jones Cemetery, Confederate soldiers watered their horses and filled their canteens at an old dug well, . . . — Map (db m72203) HM
Tennessee (Henderson County), Parkers Crossroads — The Battle of Parker's Crossroads
On December 31, 1862, the Union forces that had been pursuing General Nathan Bedford Forrest and his cavalry for two weeks finally intercepted the Confederate raiders. Colonel Cyrus Dunham commanded the Union force that met Forrest at Parker's . . . — Map (db m72216) HM
Tennessee (Henderson County), Parkers Crossroads — The Battle of Parker's CrossroadsDecember 31, 1862 — Union and Confederate Forces
Union Forces Cyrus Livingston Dunham was born in Dryden, New York, on January 16, 1817. In 1841 he moved to Salem, Indiana, where he practiced law and served as a Democratic congressman. He entered the Union service in 1861 as Colonel of the . . . — Map (db m81888) HM
Tennessee (Henderson County), Parkers Crossroads — The Tides of War
Union Victory in the West — January-June 1862 After their resounding victory at Manassas, Virginia on July 21, 1861, many Confederates expected a fast and victorious end to the war. It was not to be. During the first half of 1862 . . . — Map (db m72217) HM
Tennessee (Henderson County), Parkers Crossroads — Withdrawal to the Split-Rail Fence
Two Futile Charges The Union line, positioned about one-quarter mile north of here, made two futile charges against the Confederate guns. Forrest then ordered a general advance and his line, utilizing a frightful barrage of artillery and . . . — Map (db m76942) HM
Tennessee (Henderson County), Parker's Crossroads — Forrest's Artillery
Forrest's Brilliant and Unconventional Use of Artillery is one of the hallmarks of the Battle of Parker's Crossroads. He placed his artillery in front of his troops, rather than behind them, and used a continuous barrage of fire from his guns . . . — Map (db m87530) HM
Tennessee (Marion County), South Pittsburg — 2B 20 — Bean-Roulston Graveyard
Seven miles west are buried soldiers who took part in every war beginning with the Revolution. Among these is Capt. Robert Bean, credited with significant action at the Battle of King's Mountain. — Map (db m26025) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Columbia — 3D 18 — Advance and Retreat
In this house, Lt. Gen. Hood established his command post while bypassing Maj. Gen. Schofield's force at Columbia, Nov. 24, 1864. Here also, Dec. 20, Maj. Gen. Forrest issued orders for covering the retreat southward of the Army of Tennessee. On . . . — Map (db m75040) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Duck River — Old Well Cemetery1820 - 1995
Land donated by Richard "Kettle Dick" Anderson from 2,000 acre land grant he settled in 1810. Named "Old Well" for well at NW corner of cemetery dug by Andrew Jackson's army returning from the battle of New Orleans. Early settlers used the well as . . . — Map (db m102063) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — Confederate Deployment4:00 p.m., November 29, 1864
By 4:00 p.m., Patrick Cleburne had marched his division north on the Rally Hill Pike. A brief meeting with several of Forrest's officers indicated that Federals were located in force between the Rally Hill Pike and the Columbia-Franklin Pike due . . . — Map (db m87559) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — Forrest's 3:00 p.m. Cavalry Attack
As Forrest's cavalry fought their way to the outskirts of Spring Hill by 2:30 p.m., they observed Brigadier General George Wagner's division marching into the town. Forrest, aggressive as ever, determined to attack quickly to seize the town and . . . — Map (db m87561) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — The Battle of Spring HillOpportunity Lost
After nightfall, Confederate Gen. Edward Johnson's division began moving into position on the left of Gen. William B. Bate's division. Johnson, whose unit was part of Gen. S.D. Lee's corps, had been ordered forward from the vicinity of Rutherford . . . — Map (db m88973) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Cobblestone Landing
There were several boat landings in this general area during the nineteenth century. An 1827 drawing shows a public landing approximately on-half mile north of this spot, but changes in the "batture" or built-up bank caused by the river moved the . . . — Map (db m88262) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Dinwiddie — A Final Stand
With their left at the Angle crashed and their center near the Five Forks intersection overrun, the Confederates made a final stand here, in and around Gilliam’s field. Across the open ground to your right, Brig. Gen. George Armstrong Custer led two . . . — Map (db m6215) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Dinwiddie — Attack on the Angle
“When we moved toward Five Forks…we were not expecting any attack that afternoon, so far as I know. Our throwing up works and taking position were simply general matters of military precaution.” - Major General Fitzhugh Lee, CSA . . . — Map (db m6213) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Big HouseTudor Hall Plantation — Pamplin Historical Park
This landscape re-creates elements of a typical Southside Virginia plantation during the mid-nineteenth century. Tudor Hall, an original nineteenth-century building, was at the center of a farm that supported the owner, his family, and their slaves. . . . — Map (db m15438) HM
Virginia, Fredericksburg — Brompton — The Battle of Fredericksburg
The house and grounds are not open to the public. "The pillars of the porch...were speckled with the marks of bullets. Shells and shot had made sad havoc with the walls and the woodwork inside. The windows were shivered, the partitions torn . . . — Map (db m8635) HM
Virginia, Fredericksburg — Historic Kenmore
1775 Home of Fielding Lewis and his wife Betty, sister of George Washington. — Map (db m39996) HM
Virginia, Fredericksburg — Irish Brigade
2nd Brigade, 1st Div., II Corps Army of the Potomac While posted here in the early morning of Dec. 13, 1862, the men of the Irish Brigade placed sprigs of boxwood in their caps in honor of their Irish heritage. Later in the day, they took . . . — Map (db m5097) HM
Virginia, Fredericksburg — Lee’s Hill
Battle of Fredericksburg Dec. 12-13, 1862 — Map (db m4161) HM
Virginia, Fredericksburg — The Willis Hill Buildings — The Battle of Fredericksburg
In December 1862 Confederate artillery on this hill rained shot and shell on attacking Union soldiers advancing out of Fredericksburg. Next to the guns was a small brick building, one of three that then occupied this part of the heights. "The little . . . — Map (db m8712) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Glendale — OutgunnedBattle of Malvern Hill
General Robert E. Lee hoped that a crossfire of Confederate artillery directed against the crest of Malvern Hill might silence the powerful array of Union guns and clear the way for an infantry charge. Generals Longstreet and Jackson established . . . — Map (db m29399) HM
Virginia (Lee County), Ewing — Boundaries Settled
The exact spot where Tennessee, Kentucky, and Virginia met is not easy to see on the ridge line below. Nor was it easy to determine. In 1665 Great Britain's King Charles II declared his Virginia colony was to be separated from his Carolina colony . . . — Map (db m35907) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Fort Wool
Has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Presented by the Hampton Historical Society — Map (db m85964) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — General Barnard Elliott Bee
General Barnard Elliott Bee of South Carolina Commander, Third Brigade Army of the Shenandoah was killed here July 21, 1861 Just before his death to rally his scattered troops he gave this command “Form. form. There stands Jackson like a . . . — Map (db m540) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Honoring the Dead — First Battle of Manassas
Union Soldiers built Henry Hill Monument to commemorate those who died at First Bull Run (Manassas). For many Civil War veterans this had been their first battle. Intense memories drew both Union and Confederate soldiers back to this scene years . . . — Map (db m33211) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellorsville — A Fatal Reconnaissance
When "Stonewall" Jackson reached this point at about 9 p.m. on May 2, 1863, he stood at the peak of his military career. Four hundred yards in front of you, a shaken Union army hastily built earthworks to halt the Confederate tide. One hundred yards . . . — Map (db m3980) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellorsville — Final Meeting, Fateful March
To reach the Union army's right flank, Jackson would have to march his corps twelve miles over narrow, unpaved roads. The general hoped to have his men moving by dawn on May 2, but he got an unusually late start. It was past 7 a.m. before his troops . . . — Map (db m3555) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellorsville — Lee Renews the Attack
Confederate artillery here supported one of the largest infantry attacks of the Civil War. At dawn "Stonewall" Jackson's corps, now led by J.E.B. Stuart, struck the Union line from the west, in the woods to your left-front. At the same time, Lee's . . . — Map (db m3617) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Waverly Village — From Church to Hospital
As the tumult of battle subsided, new sounds filled the air; the cries and moans of wounded soldiers. Two days of fighting around Salem Church left about 4,000 men killed or wounded. As soon as the battle ended, Confederate surgeons turned the . . . — Map (db m3510) HM
Virginia (York County), Yorktown — Ground Your Firelocks!October 19, 1781 — Colonial National Historical Park
Under the British Flag (Left of Marker): The garrison marched out between the two lines of American troops reluctantly enough, and laid down their arms. A corporal next to me shed tears, and embracing his flintlock, threw it down, saying, . . . — Map (db m77670) HM

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