“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

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Mason-Dixon Line Marker image, Touch for more information
By Larry Gertner, May 10, 2017
Mason-Dixon Line Marker
United Kingdom, England, City of London — The Monument
This monument designed by Sir Christopher Wren was built to commemorate the Great Fire of London 1666 which burned for three days consuming more than 13,000 houses and devastating 436 acres of the City. The Monument is 202 ft in height, being equal . . . — Map (db m104064) HM
California (Marin County), Mill Valley — Redwoods and Their Relatives
The Coast Redwood belongs to the plant family Taxodiaceae, which also included fourteen other species. Members of the Taxodiaceae family are conifers that generally have soft wood, long, straight trunks, round cones, and narrow, needle-like . . . — Map (db m104063) HM
Maryland (Carroll County), Westminster — A Final TributeBattle of Westminster — Corbit's Charge, June 29, 1863
The city of Westminster and the citizens of Carroll County proudly honor the brave men of the 1st Delaware Cavalry and the vanguard of Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry who fought and died during this engagement in the Gettysburg Campaign. We comment the . . . — Map (db m103828) WM
Maryland (Carroll County), Westminster — Mayor Joseph L. Mathias
A tribute Mayor Joseph L. Mathias 1884-1963 A community leader who served the city of Westminster with dedication and distinction over a period of thirty -two years. City Councilman 1927-1937 Mayor of Westminster 1942-1963 Eliminated . . . — Map (db m103912) HM
Maryland (Carroll County), Westminster — Neal Home
Site of Abner Neal home. His sons, Henry and Frank, were arrested on Aug.28, 1862 as Southern supporters. Released, they joined the Army of Virginia and returned with Stuart's advance guard on June 29, 1863, en route to Gettysburg. Here, Brig. Gen. . . . — Map (db m103746) HM
Maryland (Carroll County), Westminster — The Opera House
Built in 1854 as an Odd Fellows Hall and served as an "Opera House" and community center for nearly a century. Reported to have been used by Union troops during the Civil War. Opera House printing company located here in 1976 by its owner, . . . — Map (db m103704) HM
Maryland (Carroll County), Westminster — Westminster MD Town Survey
At the rear of this property there is a green stone marking the starting point for the patent of White's level of September 27, 1738, and for the survey of the town of Westminster made by William Winchester in 1764, and shown of the plat recorded by . . . — Map (db m103707) HM
Maryland (Carroll County), Westminster — Westminster MD War Memorial
Dedicated to the honor and sacrifice of the men and women of Westminster who served in the armed forces of the United States in all wars. — Map (db m103826) WM
Maryland (Frederick County), Emmitsburg — The Spirit of the American Doughboy
1917 1918 Emmitsburg In The Great War This memorial erected and dedicated in honor of those from Emmitsburg District who served in The World War The Supreme Sacrifice Made By Bentzel, Arthur H*         Hahn, Martin . . . — Map (db m44058) HM WM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Richfield
Birthplace of Rear Admiral Winfield Scott Schley, USN Born Oct. 9, 1839 - Died Oct. 2, 1911 "The Hero of Santiago" July 3, 1898 — Map (db m103444) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Jefferson — Honoring Our VeteransJefferson, Maryland
In honor and memory of the brave men and women in the armed forced of the United States from the Jefferson area who have so faithfully served out country. Your courage, devotion, and sacrifice in providing us protection and our many freedoms will . . . — Map (db m103443) WM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Hackensack — Submariners Memorial
. . . — Map (db m64469) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Hackensack — USS Gudgeon (SS-211)
Commissioned           November 22, 1939 U.S. Navy Yard           Mare Island, Calif. Over Due – Lost   May 1944 In memory of 78 officers and men By sinking a Japanese submarine on January 27, 1942, she became the first U.S. submarine in . . . — Map (db m64467) HM
New Jersey (Cape May County), Ocean City — Ocean City Tabernacle
The Lake brothers and others founded the Tabernacle and Ocean City in 1879 as a camp meeting and Christian Resort. — Map (db m92401) HM
New Jersey (Mercer County), West Windsor Township — Martian Landing Site
On the evening of October 30, 1938, Orson Welles and the Mercury Theatre presented a dramatization of H.G. Wells’ The War of the Worlds as adapted by Howard Koch. This was to become a landmark in broadcast history, provoking continuing . . . — Map (db m63539) HM
New Jersey (Middlesex County), Edison — Thomas Alva Edison Memorial Tower
Plaque 1: This tower marks the site of the experimental laboratory built by Thomas Alva Edison, born Milan, Ohio, February 11, 1847. The laboratory structure occupied by the inventor from 1876 to 1886, was transported in 1929 by his friend . . . — Map (db m33292) HM
New Jersey (Warren County), Columbia — Delaware, Lackawanna and Western RailroadNJ Cut-off Viaduct — 1911
The open spandrel design pushed reinforced concrete arches beyond the known limit when built. An engineering feat, the railroad alignment rises and falls 11 feet over 28.45 miles. — Map (db m103910) HM
New York (Kings County), Brooklyn — Defenders of the UnionSoldiers and Sailors Memorial Arch — Grand Army Plaza
To the Defenders of the Union, 1861-1865 — Map (db m13548) HM
New York (Kings County), Brooklyn — Fort Greene Park
The Prison Ship Martyrs Monument memorializes thousands of American soldiers, sailors, and civilians who died aboard British prison ships moored in Wallabout Bay (East River) from 1776 - 1783. Revolutionary War Heritage Trail — Map (db m13222) HM
New York (Kings County), Fort Greene — Fort Greene Historic District
Fort Greene is a neighborhood with unusually consistent 19th century domestic architecture developed principally in the short span between 1855 and 1875. Fort Greene Park was created in 1848 at the instigation of poet Walt Whitman who was then the . . . — Map (db m35110) HM
New York (New York County), Manhattan — Brown Building
This ten story neo-renaissance loft building, designed by New York architect John Wooley, was built in 1900-01 for Joseph J. Asch. The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory occupied the building's top three floors. In 1909, Triangle employees initiated the . . . — Map (db m54907) HM
New York (New York County), Manhattan — Park Dreams, Stuyvesant ParkDiedre Murphy, Cycling — 2000 Olympics
"At the age of six, I started cycling in Stuyvesant Park. I couldn't have ever dreamed where cycling would later take me in life. At the late-for-competition age of 33, I started competing at local races in Central Park, challenging myself to do . . . — Map (db m104349) HM
New York (New York County), Manhattan — Pvt. Moses Miller
In honor and memory of Pvt. Moses Miller who died at sea January 26, 1944 — Map (db m44253) HM
New York (New York County), Manhattan — The Famous Czech ComposerAntonin Dvorak — 1841 - 1904
Lived in a house on this site from 1892 until 1895 In memory of his 100th birthday and for future generations of free Czechoslovakia, the grateful government in exile caused this inscription to be erected initially on December . . . — Map (db m44256) HM
New York (New York County), Manhattan — Triangle Fire
On this site, 146 workers lost their lives in the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire on March, 25 1911. Out of their martyrdom came new concepts of social responsibility and major legislation that helped make American working conditions the finest in . . . — Map (db m54878) HM
New York (New York County), Manhattan — Triangle Shirtwaist Factory(Asch Building)
Has been designated a National Historic Landmark The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire in which 146 workers died occured here on March 25, 1911. This building possesses national significance in commemorating the history of The United States of . . . — Map (db m54879) HM
New York (New York County), Manhattan — William Penn Carriage Block and Hitching Post
This carriage block and hitching post originally stood in front of the home of William Penn Letitia Street Philadelphia — Map (db m44251) HM
New York (New York County), New York — 100 Old Slip - New York City Police Museum
100 Old Slip was designed by the notable architectural firm of Hunt & Hunt in the New-Italian Renaissance style. Its visual power is created by a rhythmic series of tall arches, heavy rusticated walls and restrained ornamentation. The building's . . . — Map (db m21510) HM
New York (New York County), New York — 1941 · Honor Roll · 1945Baggage Dept., Pennsylvania Station, N.Y.
In honor of the men from this department who served their country in the Armed Forces of the United States during World War II and in lasting tribute to the ten who gave their lives in the service of their country. Carey, Richard F. • Crowley, . . . — Map (db m6135) HM
New York (New York County), New York — 40 Wall Street
Built in 1929-30 as the Manhattan Company Building, this pictureseque 927 foot tall skyscraper was planned as the world's tallest building. Crowned by a pyramidal roof and French Gothic spire, it remains an imposing presence on the lower Manhattan . . . — Map (db m54504) HM
New York (New York County), New York — 48 Wall Street / 40 Wall Street Exploring Downtown
< 48 Wall Street Side > Museum of American Finance What more appropriate home for the Museum of American Finance than the grand, 30-foot-high banking hall of the former Bank of New York building? The museum – an affiliate of the . . . — Map (db m24306) HM
New York (New York County), New York — A View From the Road
This path marks the route of the Kingsbridge Road, also known as the Eastern Post Road. This was the main road through Manhattan in the 1700s and early 1800s, before the current street grid was implemented, and was key to transportation in the area. . . . — Map (db m96070) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House / National Museum of the American IndianExploring Downtown
Before the income tax was invented, the duty levied on imported goods financed almost the entire cost of America’s federal government – and as much as 80 per cent of that duty came through the Port of New York, making the New York Custom House . . . — Map (db m20278) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Algonquin Hotel
The Algonquin Hotel, which opened its doors in 1902, is best known as the home of the famed Round Table, a group of writers and critics who met for lunch and stimulating converstation during the 1920s. The hotel's cultural associations, nurtured by . . . — Map (db m7968) HM
New York (New York County), New York — ASHRAE Centennial 1894-95 – 1994-95
On this site, where stood the Broadway central Hotel, the American Society of Heating and Ventilation Engineers was founded on September 10, 1894 to advance the proper heating and ventilation of all classes of buildings through improvements to the . . . — Map (db m104214) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Battle of Harlem HeightsSeptember 16 – 1776
In grateful remembrance of the brave soldiers of New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia who under General George Washington fought and died on this site for liberty in their country’s . . . — Map (db m12682) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Before There Was a Park
Long before the construction of Central Park, the rock bluffs in the landscape just south of the Haarlem Meer played an important part in our city's - and nation's - history. Both British and American recognized these hills as a key strategic . . . — Map (db m97300) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Bethesda Fountain and Terrace
Designed by Calvert Vaux and Jacob Wrey Mould, these stairways, terrace and fountain were the focal feature of the original plan for Central Park by Vaux and Frederick Law Omsted. The fountain sculpture by Emma Stebbins, inspired by the biblical . . . — Map (db m56938) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Captain James Lawrence & Lieutenant Augustus C. Ludlow
In memory of Captain James Lawrence of the United States Navy, Who fell on the 1st day of June 1813, in the 32nd year of his age, in the action between the frigates Chesapeake and Shannon. He was distinguished on various occasions, but . . . — Map (db m24486) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Central Park's Ancient Egyptian ObeliskCleopatra’s Needle
For such a colossal object, this obelisk is well-travelled. Central Park is the third location for this 220-ton granite monument, which is the oldest public monument in New York City.

Pharaoh Thutmose III commissioned this obelisk approximately . . . — Map (db m100034) HM

New York (New York County), New York — Charlie Parker ResidenceDesignated Landmarks of New York City
Built in 1849, the brownstone rowhouse is a rare surviving example of a residential building built in the Gothic Revival style. A style most often used for churches. Notable details include the pointed entranceway with clustered colonettes, the . . . — Map (db m63057) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Chester Alan Arthur
Here on September 20, 1881, at 2:15 A.M., Chester Alan Arthur took his oath of office as 21st president of the United States upon the death of president James A. Garfield, killed by a disgruntled office seeker. Garfield's death stirred nationwide . . . — Map (db m99292) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Cleopatra’s Needle
Translation of Hieroglyphics     The Horus, Strong-Bull-Son-of-Kheprl,     the King of Upper and Lower Egypt, User-maat-ra, Chosen-of-Ra, the Golden Horus, Mighty-in-years-and-great-of-victories, the Son or Ra,     Ramesses, . . . — Map (db m99885) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Dr. Norman Vincent Peale, DD., LL.D.Minister from 1932 - 1984
Dr Norman Vincent Peale, DD., LL.D. Minister from 1932 - 1984

From the pulpit of this venerable church, this man with matchless eloquence and person to person persuasiveness sent forth a message that circled the globe. He taught that positive . . . — Map (db m51299) HM

New York (New York County), New York — Edith Wharton1862 - 1937 — 14 West 23rd Street Manhattan
This was the childhood home of Edith Jones Wharton, one of America's most important authors at a time when 23rd street marked the northern boundary of fashionable New York. Here in her father's extensive library, young Edith Jones discovered the . . . — Map (db m49147) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Elihu RootNew York, Home of Distinguished Americans
February 15, 1845 - February 7, 1937

Secretary of State in the Cabinet of President Theodore Roosevelt, 1905-09

Secretary of War, 1899-1904

Senator from New York, 1909-1915

lived in a house on this site from 1871 to 1878 — Map (db m47296) HM

New York (New York County), New York — Emma Lazarus
Tribute to Emma Lazarus Poet Patriot author of The New Colossus, the sonnet inscribed on the Statue of Liberty The New Colossus Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame with conquering limbs astride from land to land . . . — Map (db m29387) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Equitable Building120 Broadway, Graham, Anderson, Probst and White Architects, 1912-15 — Exploring Lower Manhattan
Vast, looming and dark by comparison to all previous skyscrapers, on completion the Equitable Building could claim the title of, if not the tallest, then certainly the largest office building in the world. Successful life insurance companies like . . . — Map (db m47235) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Federal Hall National Monument26 Wall Street, Town and Davis, architects 1933-42
A majestic statue of George Washington stands on the front steps of Federal Hall in memory of Washington’s inauguration as the country’s first president—which happened on this spot on April 30th, 1789.

The current building is named for . . . — Map (db m95563) HM

New York (New York County), New York — Federal Reserve Bank of New York33 Liberty Street, York & Sawyer, Architects, 1919-24 — Exploring Lower Manhattan
Deep inside the Federal Reserve Bank of New York lies more than one quarter of the world’s known reserves of gold bullion. These tens of billions of dollars’ worth of gold bars, each numbered and weighed, are stored five stories underground in 122 . . . — Map (db m47237) HM
New York (New York County), New York — First National Sunday School Convention
This site marks the location of the first National Sunday School Convention October 1832 in the Chatham Street Chapel-Theatre. This 150th anniversary honors the millions of children and youth whose lives have been nurtured by the educational . . . — Map (db m72118) HM
New York (New York County), New York — First Precinct Police StationExploring Downtown — 100 Old Slip; Hunt & Hunt, Architects, 1909-1911
Downtown’s East River shipping history still resonates in the names of half a dozen streets called slips – originally inlets carved into the island, where ships were tied up at either side to unload merchandise. Eventually filled in and . . . — Map (db m41184) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Former Residence of Thomas Jefferson
This plaque marks the site of the former residence of Thomas Jefferson third President of the United States of America who on March 21 1790 as first Secretary of State under President Washington came to New York City then seat of the Federal . . . — Map (db m57569) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Fort Clinton: On Top of Manhattan
With its high ground and expansive views to the north and east, it is clear why this spot was regarded as an important strategic position in two wars. In 1776, the British built a fortification here, following its invasion of Manhattan, as part of a . . . — Map (db m97297) HM WM
New York (New York County), New York — Fort George
. . . — Map (db m53895) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Four Chaplains Memorial
These London Plane trees were planted in memory of Four Chaplains of U.S. Army Rev. George L. Fox, Chc. Rabbi Alexander D. Goode, Chc. Rev. Clark V. Poling, Chc. Rev. Father John P. Washington, Chc. who, after giving their life belts to their fellow . . . — Map (db m40510) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Fraunces Tavern Block Historic DistrictExploring Downtown
Samuel Fraunces in 1762 named his Queen’s Head tavern after Queen Charlotte, wife of King George III. His politics, however, were strictly patriotic, and his tavern hosted meetings of the radical Sons of Liberty and, later, the New York Provincial . . . — Map (db m19693) HM
New York (New York County), New York — George Clinton
New York Home of Distinguished American George Clinton July 26 1739 – April 20, 1812 Vice President of The United States 1805 - 12 Governor of New York 1777 - 95, 1801 - 04 Occupied as Governor's Mansion a house on this site from . . . — Map (db m73420) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Gershwin Family Residence1925-1931
George Gershwin - composer and Ira Gershwin - lyricist created many memorable works here.

102 and 103 Streets Block Association June 19, 1982 — Map (db m97257) HM

New York (New York County), New York — Herman Melville
The American author resided from 1863 - 1891 at this site 104 East 26th Street where he wrote Billy Budd among other works. — Map (db m77673) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Humphrey DeForest Bogart1899 - 1957
This site is the childhood home of Humphrey DeForest Bogart 1899 - 1957 Mr Bogart lived at this site from the time he was born until 1923. During a film career that spanned nearly 30 years and 75 films, Mr Bogart became not only a . . . — Map (db m18319) HM
New York (New York County), New York — In Honor of Evacuation Day
On November 25, 1783, at 1PM, the last British flag still flying in the newly Independent American colonies, near this site at Fort George, was removed by John Van Arsdale, who climbed the flag pole which had been greased by the British, removed . . . — Map (db m41155) HM
New York (New York County), New York — In Honor of Peter Caesar AlbertiFirst Italian to arrive in New Amsterdam — June 2, 1653
Alberti, a native of Venice, settled near the Wall Street area of Manhattan and later in the Fort Greene section of Brooklyn.

Presented by The Italian Historical Society of America, The Columbus Citizens Foundation, The City of Venice. The . . . — Map (db m96106) HM

New York (New York County), New York — India House / British Memorial Garden in Hanover SquareExploring Downtown
India House The handsome brownstone building facing Hanover Square, built in 1853, originally housed the Hanover Bank – making this a rare surviving bank building from pre-Civil War New York. Like so many banks, it was inspired by Italian . . . — Map (db m19706) HM
New York (New York County), New York — J. Marion Sims, M.D., L.L.D.Born 1813 • Died 1883
[First Panel:] Surgeon & Philanthropist Founder of the Wo- mans Hospital State of New York His brilliant achievement carried the fame of American surgery through- out the entire world [Second Panel:] In . . . — Map (db m98627) HM
New York (New York County), New York — J.P. Morgan BuildingExploring Downtown — 23 Wall Street, Trowbridge & Livingston, Architects, 1913
At the corner of Wall and Broad streets, the financial crossroads of the world, sits the House of Morgan. J. Pierpont Morgan, Sr., the capitalist’s capitalist – known throughout the world of finance, sought out by presidents and potentates . . . — Map (db m24350) HM
New York (New York County), New York — James Gordon Bennett Monument
A memorial to James Gordon Bennett (1795–1872) founder of the New York Herald in 1835 and to his son James Gordon Bennett (1841–1918) through whose vision and enterprise the New York Herald became one of the world's . . . — Map (db m84619) HM
New York (New York County), New York — John Ericsson StatueBattery Park
This 1903 statue by Jonathan Scott Hartley (1845-1912) depicts the esteemed Swedish-American engineer and inventor John Ericsson (1803-1889), who helped to revolutionize military-maritime technology with his ironclad warship, the Monitor. Ericsson . . . — Map (db m13850) HM
New York (New York County), New York — John Street Methodist ChurchExploring Downtown
Philip, you must preach to us or we will all go to hell together, and God will require our blood at your hands.” With these words in 1766, Barbara Heck – who to her horror had found her formerly Methodist relatives . . . — Map (db m19717) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Maine Memorial
To the freemen who died in the War with Spain that others might be free. — Map (db m59906) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Mount Saint Vincent
Near this site along the old Kingsbridge Road stood the first motherhouse of the Sisters of Charity of Saint Vincent DePaul of New York and the Academy of Mount Saint Vincent 1847-1859 — Map (db m97302) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Municipal Ferry Terminal
City of New York   Borough of Manhattan Erected 1908-1909 by the Department of Docks & Ferries during the administration of George B. McClellan Mayor Herman A. Metz   Comptroller Allen N. Spooner Commissioner Denis A. Judge   Deputy Commissioner . . . — Map (db m47369) HM
New York (New York County), New York — New York County Lawyers AssociationLandmarks Of New York
This building of Vermont marble and limestone known as the home of law was designed by Cass Gilbert in Georgian style and completed in 1930. The auditorium is modeled after the main chamber of Independence Hall in Philadelphia — Map (db m39721) HM
New York (New York County), New York — New York Korean War Memorial
The four trees west of Chaplains’ Row are planted in sacred memory of members of all our armed forces of the United States who made the supreme sacrifice in the Korean War 1950 in the defense of freedom. Presented to the City of New York October . . . — Map (db m40511) HM
New York (New York County), New York — New York Stock ExchangeExploring Downtown
The Dow Jones averages, bulls and bears, the great crash of 1929, the bull market of the 1980s and 1990s – here is the beating heart of the world’s financial markets, housed in grand neoclassical style at the corner of Wall and Broad streets. . . . — Map (db m24268) HM
New York (New York County), New York — New York Unearthed / The Shrine of Elizabeth Ann SetonExploring Downtown
New York Unearthed The underground chambers of “New York Unearthed,” a museum operated by the South Street Seaport Museum, display the remarkable extent of archaeological finds in New York. These range from the surprisingly . . . — Map (db m19715) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Ninth Regiment New York State
1799—1908 Ninth Regiment N.Y.S.M. 83rd New York Volunteers The headquarters were located here and the organization marched away in defence of the Union-850 strong May 27, 1861-after a service of 3 years in the Army of the Potomac. The . . . — Map (db m23475) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Pace College
On this site from 1766 to 1856 stood the Brick Presbyterian Church used during the American Revolution as both a prison and hospital for American prisoners. This present structure was built by the New York Times beginning with a building five . . . — Map (db m39717) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Pace UniversityOne Pace Plaza — Exploring Lower Manhattan
Pace University Founded in 1906 as a small private accounting school – its first class including just 13 students, meeting in a rented room – Pace has grown into a major university that prepares students for a wide range of . . . — Map (db m47229) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Peter Caesar Alberti
. . . — Map (db m97296) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Salvation Army
To the Glory of God. ------------------------ Under the direction of General William Booth, the founder of the Salvation Army, Commissioner George S. Railton and seven women officers unfurled the flag of the Salvation Army . . . — Map (db m29388) HM
New York (New York County), New York — South Street SeaportExploring Downtown
The South Street Seaport, a group of rare 18th- and early 19th-century buildings from New York’s golden age of shipping, has been strikingly restored and revitalized as a huge marketplace of shops and restaurants created by The Rouse Company. . . . — Map (db m60015) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Surrogates CourtFormerly Hall of Records
Completed in 1907 by the firm of Morgan and Slattere and based on earlier design by John R Holmes, this building displays the grandeur of scale and eclection design associated with the Beaux Arts style. The figural scuplture depicting the stage's of . . . — Map (db m39703) HM
New York (New York County), New York — The Fence
After September 11th, thousands of visitors from around the world flooded the sidewalks around St. Paul’s and posted ribbons, letters, photographs, and numerous personal items on the fence. People transformed the Chapel’s wrought iron fence into a . . . — Map (db m43440) HM
New York (New York County), New York — The Immigrants
Dedicated to the people of all nations who entered America through Castle Gardens. In memory of Samuel Rudin 1896 ---------- 1975 Whose parents arrived in America in 1883 — Map (db m20300) HM
New York (New York County), New York — This Ancient Cannon
This Ancient Cannon was exhumed in 1892 on the site of no. 55 Broadway on the corner of Exchange Alley or the highway leading to the fortification called oyster pasty 1695-1783 Presented to the City of New York by William Henry Mairs --------------- . . . — Map (db m13339) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Walloon Settlers1624 - 1924
Presented to the City of New York by the Conseil Provincial Du Hainaut in memory of the Walloon settlers who came over to American in the Nieu Nederland under the inspiration of Jesse de Forest of Avesnes then county of Hainaut, one of the XVII . . . — Map (db m13924) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Where Poe wrote The Raven
Edgar Allan Poe and his family lived in a farmhouse on this site in 1844 where he finished writing "The Raven". — Map (db m90849) HM
New York (New York County), New York — William Barthman JewelerExploring Downtown
174 Broadway A century ago the glittering heart of the city’s diamond, jewelry and watchmaker district beat right here. “Within these stores,” wrote the Daily Graphic in 1876, “are diamonds as bright as the eyes of the . . . — Map (db m24341) HM
New York (Queens County), Flushing — The ExedraThe site of the Vatican Pavilion
This the site of the Vatican Pavilion was authorized by POPE JOHN XXIII visited on October 4, 1965 by POPE PAUL VI during his mission of peace to THE UNITED NATIONS the building exhibited Michelangelo’s Pieta and other art treasures . . . — Map (db m31289) HM
New York (Richmond County), Staten Island — Fort Wadsworth /Gateway National Recreation Area
Fort Wadsworth side: Point, counterpoint. As one nation improves its offensive weapons, another revamps its defenses. It’s the story of military history, and Fort Wadsworth tells it as well as any place in America. British soldiers built the . . . — Map (db m21694) HM
New York (Richmond County), Staten Island — Neville House
This impressive country residence, built about 1770 by Captain John Neville, a retired naval officer, is one of the few large Pre-Revolutionary houses still standing in New York City. The enframed doorway with its handsome moldings and the molded . . . — Map (db m103183) HM
New York (Richmond County), Staten Island — Quarantine Boarding StationRosebank, Staten Island, New York
Preventing Infectious Disease For many years, this boarding station helped to prevent the spread of infectious diseases in the United States. From 1783 to 1971, officers working at this station boarded and inspected thousands of ships coming . . . — Map (db m103809) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Cashtown — Roads West
The historic Cashtown Inn has been offering lodging and dining to weary travelers since the turn of the 19th Century. Roads were important to town development, just as the automobile was important to their prosperity. As roads brought travelers . . . — Map (db m68558) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Fairfield — "Tapeworm Railroad"
Begun in 1836 by the State of Pennsylvania, largely through the efforts of Thaddeus Stevens. The meandering railroad's nickname was provided by its opponents. It was put up for sale in 1842. Just west of here stands its granite stone viaduct. — Map (db m10767) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Fairfield — Harry E. Brown
This "fire gong" came from the Fairfield farm of Harry E. Brown 1874-1951 Volunteer Fireman Church leader Civic elder School Board president First "Pennsylvania Master Farmer" of Adams County (1935) Given in memory by his grandsons Thomas . . . — Map (db m103690) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Fairfield — Major Samuel S. Starr
Major Samuel S. Starr and other wounded officers of the 6th U.S. Cavalry were cared for here July 3, 1863 — Map (db m103691) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Fairfield — The Battle of Fountain Dale
Fountain Dale is located between Jack's Mountain and Beard's Hill, and is also connected to two major mountain gaps, Monterey Pass and Fairfield Gap, which would prove to be fighting ground all of it's own. Troops on both sides needed to keep the . . . — Map (db m8512) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Fairfield — The Battle of Monterey Pass
On the morning of July 4, Union General Judson Kilpatrick's Cavalry Division consisting of General George Custer and Colonel Nathaniel Richmond's Brigades were ordered from Gettysburg to attack the wagon trains that were moving on the road between . . . — Map (db m30968) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 1st New Jersey Brigade
(Front):First Brigade, New Jersey Volunteers. Brig. Gen. Alfred T.A. Torbert 1st. 2nd. 3rd. 4th. and 15th. Regiments Infantry 1st. Brig. 1st. Div. 6th. Corps. July 2, in reserve, July 3 and 4 detached from the Corps, held this position. . . . — Map (db m15889) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Chaplain Samuel Henry Stein
Chaplain This tablet marks the spot where the Rev. Samuel Henry Stein, D.D. L.L.D. met his death December 20, 1930 Chaplain of the Firemen's Association of the State of Pennsylvania 1914-1930 Erected to his memory by . . . — Map (db m90690) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Civil War HospitalIssac Miller Farm
Civil War Hospital Isaac Miller Farm Stuart's Cavalry Division July 3, 1863 — Map (db m103884) WM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Culp Brothers Memorial
Dedicated to the Culp Brothers of Adams County, PA. for Duty, Honor, and Sacrifice to their Country, North and South — Map (db m66634) HM WM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Dwight D. Eisenhower
The future President of the U.S., General of the Army, and Supreme Commander in Europe in WW II lived in this house with his wife Mamie and infant son Icky in the spring and summer of 1918. An Army captain, he was then commanding Camp Colt at . . . — Map (db m6179) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Green's Battery - Jones's BattalionEarly's Division - Ewell's Corps — Army of Northern Virginia
Army of Northern Virginia Ewell's Corps Early's Division Jones's Battalion Green's Battery Louisiana Guard Artillery Two 10 pounder Parrotts and two 3 inch rifles July 3 After taking part in the fighting on the previous two days at Gettysburg . . . — Map (db m9458) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Highway Headquarters
General Robert E. Lee and his staff planned one of America's greatest battles at this site. Almost a century later the site began offering overnight accommodations to travelers coming to pay homage to their heroes. Gutted by fire in 1896, the . . . — Map (db m94496) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Lower Marsh Creek Church
Present building erected 1790 by a Presbyterian congregation dating from 1748. Later remodeled, its exterior preserves much of the old-style design. — Map (db m10774) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — The Coster Avenue Mural
      The Coster Avenue Mural depicts the fight between the Union brigade of Col. Charles R. Coster and the Confederate brigades of Brig. Gen. Harry T. Hays and Col. Isaac E. Avery on the afternoon of July 1, 1863. Coster’s three small regiments . . . — Map (db m64410) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — the Eagle Hotel
From 1834 to 1960 this site was occupied by the Eagle Hotel building. It was Gettysburg's premier hostelry for most of the 19th century. The advent of automobile and cheaper motels were the source of its downfall midway in the 20th century. It was . . . — Map (db m94505) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — The Founding of Gettysburg College
"The College at that day, was but a large family." - Reverend William F. Eyster, Class of 1839 In 1832, Lutheran theologian Samuel Simon Schmucker founded Pennsylvania College (now Gettysburg College). Chartered to provide instruction . . . — Map (db m87976) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Heidlersburg — Original Studebaker Wagon Shop
-On this site in 1830- John Clement Studebaker built his first wagon shop. The Studebaker family left this location in 1835, to go west eventually settling in South Bend, Indiana. In 1852 his sons founded the wagon manufacturing company that . . . — Map (db m94507) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Littlestown — LittlestownDeveloping Years — 19th Century
The coming of the Littlestown Railroad in 1858 brought growth and a new life to Littlestown. The railroad ran E-W along Cemetery Street and was extended west to Frederick, MD, in 1872. It was not uncommon for Littlestown citizens to leave . . . — Map (db m10852) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Camp Hill — Maurice K. Goddard1912-1995
A Former Camp Hill resident, “Doc” Goddard served five governors in an unprecedented career from 1955-1979 as Secretary of Forests and Waters and the Department of Environmental Resources. Goddard expanded the state park system, . . . — Map (db m94538) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Camp Hill — Samuel Albright HouseSunday, June 28 and Monday, June 29, 1863
In the late days of 1863, Samuel Albright’s house and farm were used as a Confederate bivouac site and artillery position. In the 1860 Census, Samuel Albright was listed as born “about 1823” and living in what was then East Pennsboro . . . — Map (db m94702) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Camp Hill — Sporting HillSunday, June 28, 1863
Spearheading the Confederate advance on Harrisburg, Confederate General Albert G. Jenkins captured Mechanicsburg on the morning of Sunday, June 28, 1863. From there, Jenkins split his 1,200 man cavalry force—sending some 300-400 northward via . . . — Map (db m94824) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Camp Hill — Sporting HillTuesday, June 30, 1863
After an eventful two days of probing Harrisburg’s defenses, Confederate General Albert G. Jenkins had received the welcome orders to stand down. Lieutenant General Richard Ewell’s two Confederate infantry divisions currently in Carlisle, numbering . . . — Map (db m94897) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Camp Hill — The Skirmish of Oyster’s PointSunday, June 28 and Monday, June 29, 1863
Confederate General’s Albert G. Jenkin’s trot towards Harrisburg was stalled as he neared Oyster’s Point, named for a tavern owned by the Oyster family at the junction of Carlisle Pike and Trindle Springs Road. In 1863, these two roads met to form a . . . — Map (db m94676) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Camp Hill — White Hall School
In May 1866, the White Hall School for soldiers’ orphans opened in the 2100 block of Market Street in what is now Camp Hill. Within a year it had 121 boys and 80 girls under its roof, with a faculty of five and a staff of twelve. The students wore . . . — Map (db m94677) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — "Old Abe"The War Eagle — Served: 1861-1865
Although taking unit mascots on campaigns and into action has been widespread throughout military history, the most notable in American history is most likely “Old Abe”, the war eagle. Purchased by a member of the future 8th Wisconsin . . . — Map (db m103970) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — 360 Degrees of FireM102 105mm Towed Light Artillery
The M102 howitzer was introduced in 1964 to replace the older M101A1 howitzer. Utilizing a lightweight aluminum carriage, the M102 could be easily airlifted by helicopter, dropped with airborne units, or pulled by a vehicle. The wishbone shaped . . . — Map (db m104331) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — A Tough Nut To Crack
As World War I progressed, German strategy took a defensive posture. While Allied trenches were designed for the purpose of launching attacks and raids, German trenches were developed with strongly prepares 2nd and 3rd tier defensive lines. These . . . — Map (db m104325) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Aid Station
The Army Medical Department that served in France was the best equipped and trained Medical Department up to that time. Trained enlisted aid men were attached to each company in a division and provided immediate care and evacuated the wounded to an . . . — Map (db m104087) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Corporal John D. LaWallSixteen Months in the Philippines — Served: 1899-1901
At the age of fifteen John D. LaWall enlisted in the 27th U.S. Volunteer Infantry. He returned home in 1901 and wrote a brief summary of his service during the Philippine Insurrection.

There is a time in the life of nearly every boy when he . . . — Map (db m103939) HM

Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Guard Tower
Every American installation was protected by barbed wire obstructions, bunkers and guarded by a chain of tower that provided an elevated position from which to observe the protective perimeter. Initially these towers were constructed of wood and . . . — Map (db m104383) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Indian Cemetery
Buried here are the Indians who died while attending the Carlisle Indian School (1879-1918). The original Indian cemetery was located to the rear of the grandstand on Indian Field. In 1931 the graves were transferred to this site. — Map (db m30290) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Kady BrownellDaughter of a Soldier, Wife of a Soldier, Daughter of the Regiment — Served: 1861-1862
Of the women who accompanied Civil War armies, many disguised themselves as men. Born and reared in British Army camps in Africa, where women were commonplace, Kady chose to retain her identity. She followed her husband, Robert Brownwell, into . . . — Map (db m104010) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Lincoln Cemetery
Memorial Park, created in 1974 as a recreation area for the surrounding community, stands on the site of Lincoln Cemetery. Originally named the African Cemetery of Carlisle, Lincoln Cemetery was in use as early as 1806. Several hundred . . . — Map (db m53631) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Machine Gun Post
Each Division had three Machine Gun Battalions and each Infantry Regiment had a Machine Gun Company attached that were armed with one of the variety of machine guns in use by the American Expeditionary Forces.

The stability and relative . . . — Map (db m104265) HM

Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Meet Private Donald D. KylerCompany G, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division — American Expeditionary Force, World War One
Donald Kyler was sixteen years of age when he enlisted in the Regular Army in April of 1917. A native of Whitley County, Indiana, he grew up on a farm and in the small town of Collamer. With the consent of one of his family, he enlisted at Fort . . . — Map (db m104048) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — New and Improved but Not Soon Enough:The M1918 Artillery Cart
By 1918, the developments in telephone and telegraphic communication played a major role in how armies fought on the battlefield. For artillerists, this meant the eventual end of signal flags and runners. Now forward observers could report back to . . . — Map (db m104324) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — No Man's Land
No Man’s Land referred to the battle shape between the front line trenches. Soldiers entered No Man’s land during major attacks, raids, patrols, barbed wire maintenance details and to bring in casualties. Except for major attacks which usually began . . . — Map (db m104266) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — One-Oh-FiveM101A1 105mm Towed Light Howitzer
The M101 series howitzer, or M2A1, first entered service in 1940 in order to provide close infantry support. Following changes made to its carriage during World War II, which added more frontal shielding, the M101 was reclassified the M101A1. . . . — Map (db m104330) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Post of Command
Underground rooms called dugouts were used for a variety of purposes from storing supplies, housing troops and communication centers near the front line. Many were built deep underground using heavy timbers and corrugated iron and were often . . . — Map (db m104088) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Sergeant Michael A. MiraA Company, 3rd Battalion, 187th Infantry — 101st Airborne Division, (Air Assault) “Rakkasans”
Operation Iraqi Freedom I & IV Served: 2003-2006 The September 11, 2001 attacks changed every American. For Sergeant Michael Mira it was the catalyst that influenced his decision to change his life by becoming an active defender of the United . . . — Map (db m104008) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Sniper's Nest
Although individual marksmen had been employed during previous conflicts, World War One brought the sniper into the modern age of battle. Armed with a rifle fitted with magnifying optical scopes, snipers were used to return limited offensive . . . — Map (db m104203) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Specialist (SPC) Charles Posey III“Keep Rolling”
Charles Posey III of Magee, Mississippi, joined the Army in October 2004. Assigned to Co. C, 1/36th Infantry Regiment, 1st Armored Division, Specialist (SPC) Posey was on a Route Clearance Patrol in August, 2006, near Ramadi, Iraq. The mission was . . . — Map (db m103971) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Splinter Proof
Additional limited protection for troops called Splinter proofs or Shrapnel proofs were constructed at intervals along the trenches to afford immediate protection from bombardments. These features were also used for housing supplies such as flares, . . . — Map (db m104264) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Staff Sergeant Fred A. RellaArmy Air Forces Photographer — Served: 1941-1945
Staff Sergeant Fred A. Rella was a combat cameraman from 1941-1945. He was one of thousands of Young Men drafted into the Army prior to America’s entry into World War II. The Bronx, New York resident was a professional photographer who had studied . . . — Map (db m103941) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — The Forbes Road
In 1758, after three years of war in North America with the French and Indian alliance, the British Empire launched the Forbes Expedition. The campaign began in Carlisle, the county seat for territory that extended to the Ohio River. The British . . . — Map (db m35320) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — The Front
The muddy roads, camouflaged trails and the maze of communication trenches ultimately brought Soldiers to the front line trench. These positions as laid out in the manuals were supposed to be dug deep with reinforced walls, a firing step, sand . . . — Map (db m104267) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — The Ia Drang BattlefieldAnt Hills and Creek Beds
The Ia Drang battlefield was dotted with large dirt art hills of varying sizes. They were generally very hard, baked earth and were home to ants and termites. These features made good defensive positions and LTC Moore used one as the site of his . . . — Map (db m104333) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — The Mortar Pit
The American Expeditionary Forces (A.E.F.) was introduced to modern mortars in the trenches of France during World War One. The A.E.F. adopted the British Newton-Stokes design in 3-, 4- and 6-inch calibers as well as the French 240 millimeter heavy . . . — Map (db m104200) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — The Trenches
The machine gun and mass artillery of World War One combat dictated an extensive development on both side of below ground fortifications that were simply known as the ‘Trenches”. Ranging from concrete structures to simple ditches, these . . . — Map (db m104047) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — They Called Them “Hellcats”The M18 Tank Destroyer
Officially known as the M18 76mm Gun Motor Carriage, the M18 was hardly comparable to the horse and buggy. It was actually the jaguar of heavy armor during World War II. Nicknamed the “Hellcat” by the men who served in them, the M18 . . . — Map (db m104046) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle — Vietnam Fire Support Base
Artillery has always played a role in fighting our nation’s conflicts. American artillery could accurately engage targets many miles away. Through the use of spotters, radio communications and detailed maps, artillery fire could be quickly requested . . . — Map (db m104328) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle Barracks — The Hessian Powder Magazine
The Hessian Powder Magazine was constructed at Carlisle Barracks in 1777 during the American War for Independence from the British government. Carlisle was a growing depot in support of Gen. George Washington's Continental Army. The magazine stored . . . — Map (db m52216) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Carlisle Springs — The Farthest North
The farthest north attained by any organized body of the Confederate Army of General Robert E. Lee was reached here at the farm of Joseph Miller on the morning of June 28 1863. Hearing that Sterrett's Gap was occupied by Union troops these . . . — Map (db m42146) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Lemoyne — Fort Couch - General Couch - Fort Washington
Left Panel Fort Couch was built as part of the emergency fortifications erected to defend Harrisburg and nearby bridges across the Susquehanna River during the 1863 invasion of Pennsylvania by Confederate forces. Fort Couch was built as an . . . — Map (db m26529) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Lemoyne — Lemoyne - Bridgeport Heights
As Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s Confederate Second Corps advanced on Harrisburg in June 1863, Union Maj. Gen. Darius N. Couch, charged with the defense of the city, recognized the need for a series of defensive fortifications to be constructed on . . . — Map (db m94521) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Mt. Holly Springs — First Casualty In Cumberland County
Cumberland County resident Charles G. Beetam, a Civil War tragedy: "On April 23, 1861, my brother, William Luther Beetam, at the age of 20, was the first Carlisle man to give his life in [the] war on a tour of duty." At one o’clock in the . . . — Map (db m75436) HM
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — HarrisburgCapital Of The Keystone State Preserved!
Harrisburg was one of the prizes Robert E. Lee’s army was after. Home to Camp Curtin, the largest Northern training camp of the war, Harrisburg’s network of railroads was vital for moving troops and supplies for the Union war effort. The capital of . . . — Map (db m102317) HM
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — Market Square During The Civil War
By the 1860s, many railroad lines met in Harrisburg. Agricultural products, industrial raw materials, and factory-finished goods moved through Harrisburg on the way to every part of the nation. Throughout the Civil War, the Union army depended on . . . — Map (db m102324) HM
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — Old Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Station
On the site of the present Market Street Post Office Building stood until the early 1960’s the old Philadelphia & Reading Railroad Station, Harrisburg’s second passenger terminal that exemplified the City’s prominence and traditional role as . . . — Map (db m102271) HM
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — Old Salem Church
The church which stands at S. Third and Chestnut Streets is the oldest standing church building in Harrisburg, erected in 1822. It however represents the second building on this lot granted by John Harris, Jr. for religious purposed when the Borough . . . — Map (db m102334) HM
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — Prelude To Gettysburg
One of the great debates of our Country's history and legacy is what scholars call "the two Civil Wars": the first a matter of campaigns, generals, and troop movements and the second focusing on the ways that the great conflict affected the daily . . . — Map (db m102319) HM
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — The Ladies Of Harrisburg During The Civil War
From virtually the first shots of the Civil War, the women of Harrisburg worked in a variety of behind-the-scenes roles that proved essential to the Union victory. When Camp Curtin opened on April 18, 1861, the ladies of Harrisburg were already at . . . — Map (db m102269) HM
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — Thomas Morris Chester
Thomas Morris Chester was born at the corner of Third and Market Streets in Harrisburg in 1834. One of Harrisburg’s most famous nineteenth century African-Americans, he was particularly known for his leadership in education, journalism, military . . . — Map (db m102315) HM
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — Threatened Invasion of Harrisburg
General Robert E. Lee decided to take the war into the North in June 1863, allowing Southern farmers an uninterrupted growing season, and perhaps convincing European powers to aid the Confederacy. As the rebels invaded Pennsylvania, Harrisburg made . . . — Map (db m102338) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Blue Ridge Summit — The Battle of Monterey Pass
During the morning hours of July 4th 1863, General Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army began its withdrawal from Gettysburg. General Lee ordered two key mountain passes at Monterey and Fairfield to be secured for the Confederate retreat. These two . . . — Map (db m30981) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Blue Ridge Summit — The Battle of Monterey Pass
After Captain Emack placed his troops near the Monterey House, Custer's men consisting of a portion of the 1st and 5th Michigan Cavalry began their advance. The 5th Michigan was sent toward the right to protect Kilpatrick's right flank. A small . . . — Map (db m31034) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Blue Ridge Summit — The Battle of Monterey Pass
As Confederate Captain George Emack's men held the approach of Monterey Pass, Union General George Custer, supported by artillery began his attack toward the intersection where the wagon train was retreating. Captain Emack, fearing that he could not . . . — Map (db m31047) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Monterey — Brown's Spring
During Lee's retreat General Judson Kilpatrick U.S.A. took 1500 prisoners and 9 mi. wagon train near here — Map (db m89956) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Monterey — The Battle of Monterey PassThe Battle Begins
At this location, Confederate Captain Robert Tanner deployed one Napoleon cannon to guard the eastern Summit of South Mountain. At 9:00 p.m., the 5th Michigan Cavalry, leading the advance of union General Judson Kilpatrick’s Cavalry Division, . . . — Map (db m103452) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Monterey — The Battle of Monterey PassKilpatrick Divides His Cavalry
As a squadron of the 18th Pennsylvania Cavalry went into the woods, portions of the 1st and 5th Michigan cavalry began their advance. The 5th Michigan Cavalry was sent toward the right and a portion of the 1st Michigan Cavalry was ordered to . . . — Map (db m103453) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Monterey — The Battle of Monterey PassThe Wolverines Fight
Union General George A. Custer’s cavalry brigade advanced here, along the banks of red run, deploying along both sides of the road. The 5th Michigan Cavalry deployed to the right, while the 7th, 6th and portions of the 1st Michigan Cavalry deployed . . . — Map (db m103483) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Rouzerville — Dr. Henry HarbaughBirthplace and Early Home
Birthplace and early home of Dr. Henry Harbaugh, Pennsylvanian German author, theologian and educator, 1817-1867.

One hundred yards southeast is site of the old school house at the creek.

"Today it is just twenty years since I began to . . . — Map (db m96158) HM

Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Waynesboro — Cupola – Waynesboro’s Crown Jewel
She inspired, she endured for 52 years, she symbolized the future of education in the Waynesboro area. Waynesboro High School 1937-1954 Waynesboro Area Senior High School 1954-1962 East Junior High School 1962-1989 Superintendent – . . . — Map (db m103546) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — All Wars Memorial to Colored Soldiers and Sailors
(Front Inscription): Erected by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in honor of her Colored Soldiers. (Back Inscription):To commemorate the heroism and sacrifice of all Colored Soldiers who served in the various wars engaged in by the . . . — Map (db m8411) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Among the oldest of its kind in the nation, the special collections library holds many of the nation’s important founding documents. Founded by prominent citizens in 1824 and located here since 1884, it traces America’s history from the 17th century . . . — Map (db m82574) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — New Century Guild
Founded 1882 by Eliza S. Turner. One of the oldest and largest organizations created to advance the interests of women in the labor force. Originally located on Girard St., the Guild moved to Arch St. in 1893 and to this location in 1906. — Map (db m82572) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Reading Terminal and Market
The Philadelphia and Reading Railroad’s Terminal Station served passengers from 1893-1984. The train shed, masterpiece of Joseph H. Wilson, is an engineering feat reflecting the era when railroads vied for impressive terminals, both functional and . . . — Map (db m8678) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — The Philadelphia Zoo
“America’s First Zoo.” Chartered 1859 as the Zoological Society of Philadelphia. A wildlife refuge and a zoological garden, the zoo has long been committed to fulfilling its public mission: conservation, research, education, . . . — Map (db m60182) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Birthplace of John Luther Long
Birthplace of John Luther Long A distinguished son of Hanover, Pennsylvania Lawyer, Playwright, Novelist 1855-1927 Author of Madame Butterfly Source of famous Puccini opera and many other stories and plays. The community erects this . . . — Map (db m98363) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Gettysburg Campaign
On June 30, 1863, General J. Kilpatrick's Union Cavalry, hunting Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry, were attacked here by Stuart. Repulsed, Stuart tried to join early; finding him gone, he marched to Carlisle, failing to reach Gettysburg until July 2. — Map (db m5016) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Mason-Dixon Line
The historic boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland was surveyed, 1763–1767, by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon to settle border disputes between the two Provinces. This section of the Mason-Dixon Line was first surveyed in late July and . . . — Map (db m2990) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Jefferson Borough — Honor RollWorld War I Memorial
1917                 1918 This tablet is erected to honor the boys who from this town and community gave their lives and services during the World War ending by Armistice signed November 11th, 1918, 11:00 A. M. Peace terms signed June . . . — Map (db m30457) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Seven Valleys — St. Paul's (Ziegler's) Lutheran Church
St. Paul's (Ziegler's) Lutheran Church was established in 1771 by German settlers. A log building was erected in 1771 and was replaced by a stone church on this site in 1805. In 1907 the current brick church to the southeast was built. Dedicated in . . . — Map (db m103445) HM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — 125th O.V.I."Opdycke's Tigers" — 1st Brigade 2nd Division 4th Corps U.S.
The 125th O.V.I. was formed at Camp Cleveland, Ohio in August of 1862. The regiment was stationed in Franklin in the spring of 1863. On November 30, 1864, the 125th were in reserve 150 yards north of the Carter house with Opdycke’s brigade. Without . . . — Map (db m103620) HM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — 183rd Ohio Volunteer InfantryThird Brigade — 2nd Division 23rd Corps U.S.
The 183rd Ohio was mustered into Federal Service November 13, 1864 at Camp Dennison, Ohio. With 700 officers and enlisted men present, it arrived at Rutherford Creek on November 28th and was engaged in skirmishing at Spring Creek the following day. . . . — Map (db m103619) HM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — 3" Ordinance Gun
Made and presented to Confederate Memorial Park by Harold Winstead in honor of his ancestor, Samuel Winstead, in whose honor this hill was named and who is buried 200 yds. NW of this location. — Map (db m103588) WM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Bate's DivisionCheatham’s Corps — Army of Tennessee C.S.A.
Maj. Gen. Wm. B. Bate’s division consisted of Smith’s Tennessee-Georgia, Bullock’s Florida and Jackson’s Georgia brigades. The division, struck the main line west of Brown’s Division, their right in the locust grove and their left at the Carter’s . . . — Map (db m103616) HM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Brigadier's Walk
The sense of pride, honor and integrity of the everyday fighting man made the brilliant careers of these five Brigadier Generals possible. Largely non-slave holding, these brave men of the Army of Tennessee followed Adams, Carter, Strahl, Gist and . . . — Map (db m103592) HM WM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Brown's DivisionArmy of Tennessee — C.S.A.
This division, commanded by Major General John C. Brown, consisted or Gordon’s, Strahl’s and Carter’s Tennessee Brigades, and Gist’s South Carolina and Georgia Brigade. They were engaged south and west of the Carter House to the locust grove. Around . . . — Map (db m103617) HM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Captain Theodrick (Tod) Carter20th Tennessee Volunteer Infantry Smith’s Brigade — Bate’s Division, Cheatham’s Corps, Army of Tennessee C.S.A.
Born at the Carter House March 24, 1840 and educated at the Harpeth Academy. He was an attorney-at-law and a Master Mason. Tod enlisted in Co. H, 20th Tenn. Inf. May 1, 1862. Appointed Assistant Quarter Master on Oct. 24, 1862 and served as a war . . . — Map (db m103618) HM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Cleburne’s DivisionArmy of Tennessee — C.S.A.
This division was commanded by Major General Patrick R. Cleburne, and consisted of Granbury’s Texas Brigade, Govan’s Arkansas Brigade, and Lowry’s Alabama and Mississippi Brigade. They were engaged around the Cotton Gin, which stood S.E. of the . . . — Map (db m103615) HM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Cockrell's Missouri Brigade CSA
On this field of honor Missouri men of Cockrell’s Brigade fought and died for Southern independence November 30, 1864 Franklin, Tennessee Presented by Missourians of the Sons of Confederate Veterans and his friends in memory of . . . — Map (db m103597) WM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Federal BreastworksBattle of Franklin
The breastworks, thirty yards south, were held by Grose’s Brigade, Kimball’s Division of the Fourth U.S. Army Corps on Nov. 30, 1864. Around 5 p.m., the brigade was attacked by two regiments of Finley’s Florida Brigade, C.S.A. The Floridians . . . — Map (db m103623) HM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Fort Granger Federal Garrison
The Federal Garrison at Franklin centered on the earthworks fortification on Figuers’ Bluff. Detached works included Gen Granger’s headquarters at a smaller works some 700 yards east at Ralston Lane, gun emplacement on Liberty Pike east of Ralston . . . — Map (db m103626) HM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Freeman's Battery, Forrest's Artillery
Dedicated to Freeman’s Battery, Forrest’s Artillery and Samuel L. Freeman, Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest’s first artillery captain. The battery was captured on the Lewisburg Pike near Franklin, TN, April 10, 1863 — Map (db m103587) HM WM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Main Entrenchment Federal Battle Line
Battle of Franklin, November 30, 1864. Federal commander, Gen. John M. Schofield. Confederate commander, Gen. John B. Hood. Bloodiest battle of the War Between the States for numbers involved. In this battle fell six Confederate generals: Cleburne, . . . — Map (db m103601) HM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Major General Patrick R. Cleburne CSA
“Well, Govan, if we are to die, let us die like men.” Nov. 30, 1864 Presented as a tribute to General Cleburne and his gallant division by Dr. and Mrs. David R. Watts — Map (db m103598) WM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Mississippi
Twas November Thirtieth, Eighteen Sixty-Four Mississippi’s sons and fathers into battle again were poured. The young and the old. The brave and the bold. Their mission all too plain – to charge across what would be Franklin’s bloody plain. . . . — Map (db m103590) WM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Retreat Action at Franklin
On Dec 17, 1864, perhaps the largest cavalry engagement on American soil took place along Franklin Pike and the Nashville & Decatur RR sweeping across what is now Harlinsdale farm. Maj Gen James H. Wilson’s US Cavalry Corps pursued Hood’s retreating . . . — Map (db m103625) HM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Tennessee, A Grave or a Free Home
No words can describe the courage, endurance, and gallantry of the Army of Tennessee. They marched, fought, bled, and died for a Cause they knew was right. On that Indian Summer afternoon of November 30, 1864, the courageous Army of Tennessee . . . — Map (db m103589) WM
Tennessee (Williamson County), Franklin — Winstead Hill Observation PostBattle of Franklin — Wed. November 30, 1864
“The line advanced at 4 p.m. with orders to drive the enemy into or across the Big Harpeth River… Never did troops fight more gallantly.” Gen. John Bell Hood Army of Tennessee Confederate States of America — Map (db m103599) HM WM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Rutherford House“Go in!” — 1864 Valley Campaign
<Preface:> The Federal offensive in the Shenandoah Valley began in May 1864 faltered in the summer with Confederate victories and Gen. Jubal A. Early’s Washington Raid in July. Union General Philip H. Sheridan took command in August, . . . — Map (db m41661) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — In Honor of Private Luke Quinn
United States Marine Killed 18 October 1859 During the capture of John Brown Flagpole and gravesite rededicated by Marine Corps League Detachment 1143 13 0ctober 2012 — Map (db m104281) HM WM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Revolutionary War Soldier
Revolutionary War Soldier William Broadus Born 1755 Died October 5, 1830 Lieutenant in the First Virginia Regiment Commanded by Colonel George Gibson Marker placed by General Adam Stephen Chapter, NSSAR and Virginia Society, NSSAR . . . — Map (db m103454) HM WM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Riley House1826
Built in 1826 as a private residence, this Federal style house was acquired by the War Department in 1837 and became U.S. Armory dwelling No. 55. Jefferson Davis signed the deed in 1852 when the government sold the house to Armory worker James . . . — Map (db m103455) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — The John Brown Raiders
This plaque is dedicated to the John Brown raiders, a group of men led by John Brown who, at Harpers Ferry on October 17, 1859 struck a blow against slavery.

Killed at Harpers Ferry Jeremiah Anderson • Oliver Brown • Watson Brown • John . . . — Map (db m103497) HM

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