“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

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Captain Robert Gray Statue and Marker image, Touch for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, September 22, 2017
Captain Robert Gray Statue and Marker
Austria, Tyrol, Innsbruck — Hölblinghaus
Dieses gotische Bürgerhaus des 15. Jahrhunderts, welches 1725 von Johann Fischer, dem Kassier der Haller Münzstätte, erworben wurde, erheilt damals vermutlich von dem um 1723 nach Innsbruck übersiedelten Stukkateur Anton Gigl aus Wessobrunn seine . . . — Map (db m68113) HM
Austria, Tyrol, Innsbruck — Prechthaus
German: Das Prechthaus stammt aus dem 15. Jahrhundert und wurde um 1540 unter Dr. Basilius Precht durch Gregor Türing umgebaut. 1588 erwarb es Hofkanzler Dr. Justinian Moser, im 17. Jahrhundert war es im Besitz der Grafen . . . — Map (db m126005) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Knowledge Totem
Carved by Master Carver Cicero August and his sons Darrell and Doug August for the Cowichan Tribes, on the occasion of the closing of the XIV Commonwealth Games in Auckland, New Zealand and the beginning of Victoria’s role as host of the XV . . . — Map (db m49043) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — St. Ann’s Schoolhouse
This log cabin is one of the oldest buildings in western Canada. It was built in the French-Canadian fur trade post and sill style between 1843 and 1852. Bishop Modeste Demers purchased it from carpenter Leon Morel in 1855 and transferred it to the . . . — Map (db m48768) HM
British Columbia (Capital Regional District), Victoria — Vancouver Island Wallmap Mural
[Three 'markers' a part of this mural. They are entitled: Pemberton Family, Vancouver Island, and Fort Victoria.]

Pemberton Family J.D. Pemberton, engineer and surveyor for the H.B.C., arrived in 1851 by canoe in the last stages of his . . . — Map (db m48543) HM

Newfoundland and Labrador (Division No. 1 (Avalon Peninsula)), Blackhead — World War II BatteryBatterie del a IIième Guerre mondaile — Fort Cape Spear / Le fort du cap Spear
English In 1940, the American and Canadian Joint Board of Defence decided to protect the approaches to St. John’s harbour by installing heavy artillery at Cape Spear. Gun emplacements, magazines, and shelters were constructed by 1941 as . . . — Map (db m79463) HM
Newfoundland and Labrador (Division No. 10, Newfoundland and Labrador (Labrad), L'Anse-au-Loup — The Marconi StationLighthouse Trail
The concret ruins which you see here are the remains of the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Station that was built in 1904. Originally constructed for the benefit of trans-Atlantic shipping, the telegraph station became the first major communication link . . . — Map (db m79552) HM
Newfoundland and Labrador (Division No. 6 (Central Newfoundland)), Gander — Arrow Air CrashThe Silent Witness Memorial — Cross of Sacrifice
English: On December 11th, 1985, Arrow Air Flight MF1285R. a Douglas DC-8-63, US registration N95OJW departed Cairo on an international charter flight to Fort Campbell, Kentucky, USA, via Cologne, Germany and Gander, Newfoundland. On . . . — Map (db m79477) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Wharf & WaterfrontHistoric Lower Saint George Street
In the early hours of July 4, 1724, a combined force of Mi’kimaq and Maliseet warriors attacked Annapolis Royal, slipping into the town as its residents slept. They attacked the fort from the cover of the hollow near the east bastion. Although the . . . — Map (db m78702) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Wolfe’s LandingLe débarquement de Wolfe
English: Here, 8th June, 1758, the men of Brigadier General James Wolfe’s brigade, after having been repulsed with heavy loss by the French troops entrenched westward made their gallant and successful landing. Thus began the operation . . . — Map (db m79938) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Canadian Corps of Commissionaires
The corps was formed in Nova Scotia and elsewhere across Canada in 1937, on the instigation of the Canadian Government, to find employment for worthy older veterans. Its organization was patterned along military lines of the British Corps of . . . — Map (db m77805) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — South African War Monument
Erected by the people of Nova Scotia in honor of those who served and in memory of those who fell in the South African Campaign 1898 - 1902 — Map (db m77859) WM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — The Tall Ships Parade 2000Les Grands Voiliers 2000
English For five days beginning on July 20, 2000, Halifax harbour and waterfront was like no other place - wet or dry - on earth. The city was the sole Canadian host of the largest gathering ever of the world’s Tall Ships - majestic . . . — Map (db m77741) HM
Nova Scotia (Inverness County), Margaree Forks — Dr. Moses Coady and Father Jimmy TompkinsPère Moses Coady, Ph.D., et Père Jimmy Tompkins
English: Margaree is the proud birthplace of Dr. Moses Coady (1882-1959) and his double first cousin and mentor, Father Jimmy Tompkins (1870-1853), two men who devoted themselves to improving the minds and lives of the poor and uneducated. . . . — Map (db m80070) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Dresden — SawmillScierie
English This area was once covered in a thick, growth of trees including black walnut, maple, beech, elm and white oak. To make use of these natural resources, Josiah Henson and his sons used donations from benefactors in Boston to build a . . . — Map (db m78402) HM
Ontario (Chatham-Kent County), Dresden — The Founding of Dresden
In 1846 Daniel van Allen, a Chatham merchant, laid out a town plot on land purchased from Jared Lindsley, the first settler (1825) on the site of Dresden. By 1849 the erection of a steam sawmill, and the operation a grist-mill in the neighbouring . . . — Map (db m78416) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Brockville — Forsyth’s Raid 1813
On the night of February 6-7, 1813, Major Benjamin Forsyth of the United States Army, with a detachment of regulars and militia numbering about 200 men, crossed the frozen St. Lawrence River from Morristown, N.Y., and attacked Brockville. The . . . — Map (db m83482) HM
Ontario (Leeds & Grenville Counties), Prescott — Sir Richard William Scott1825-1913
English: Born at Prescott, Scott was admitted to the bar in 1848 and practiced law in Ottawa. As a member of the legislature of United Canada (1857-63) he sponsored the Separate School Act of 1863. Subsequently, he represented Ottawa in . . . — Map (db m83364) HM
Ontario, Ottawa — Rideau Canal National Historic Site of CanadaLieu historique national du Canada du Canal-Rideau
English: The Rideau Canal, a great military engineering achievement of the 19th century, opened central Canada to settlement and trade. The canal construction also brought thousands of people to the area, helping to shape the community of . . . — Map (db m83421) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Edward Palmer1809 - 1889
English: Born in Charlottetown and called to the bar in 1831, Palmer was a member of the legislature (1835-60), and of the Legislative Council (1860-73). Between 1848 and 1873 he held several cabinet posts, including that of President of . . . — Map (db m80270) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Sherman M4A2 Medium Battle Tank
294 Sherman tanks were purchased by Canada after World War II and used by the Canadian Army (both Regular and Reserve) from 1946-1972. This is a late production model of the orignal Sherman tank introduced in 1943 that incorporated many . . . — Map (db m80224) HM WM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Kent HouseMaison du Duc de Kent
English: D’Ailleboust, Governor of New France, occupied this house in 1648. De Ramezay here signed the capitulation of Quebec in 1759. The Duke of Kent, father of Queen Victoria, resided here from 1792 to 1794. French: . . . — Map (db m81260) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — Michel Boisvert, SJFondateur de la Maison Dauphine
French: En 1992, le jésuite Michel Boisvert (1944-2006) fonde ici la Maison Dauphine, qui offre un accueil inconditionnel aux jeunes de la rue en leur assurant protection, aide et soutien. C’est pendant qu’il exerce son ministère au . . . — Map (db m81335) HM
Quebec (Capitale-Nationale (region)), Québec — The Maillou HouseLa Maison Malliou
English: Built as a one-storey house about 1736 by Jean Maillou, architect, it was raised before 1775 to its present height by Antoine Duchesnay, Executive Councillor and extended in 1799 by John Hale, Deputy Paymaster General of the . . . — Map (db m80799) HM
Quebec (Haut-Richelieu MRC), Lacolle — Blockhaus de la Rivière-LacolleThe Lacolle River Blockhouse
English: The Lacolle River Blockhouse Back in the XVIII Century … In Canada, blockhouses first appeared in Acadia around 1750, at the time of the British conquest. The Lacolle River blockhouse, built in 1781, was part of the . . . — Map (db m82728) HM
Quebec (Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM), Coteau-du-lac — Coteau-du-lac
English: From 1778 until the mid-19th century Coteau-du-Lac was the site of a British military post which defended the passage and facilitated the transportation of supplies along the St. Lawrence. It was of strategic importance to the . . . — Map (db m82178) HM
Yukon Territory, Dawson City — Billy Bigg’s Blacksmith ShopLa forge de Billy Bigg
[English] This building stands as a testament to the way frontier businesses changed and adapted to new realities. It began life in 1899 as the two storey Great Northern Hotel, to service the needs of a rapidly growing population. By 1907, as the . . . — Map (db m49304) HM
Yukon Territory, Dawson City — Robert Service's Cabin / La cabane de Robert Service
English: Within 5 years of Robert Service's departure in 1912, the local press referred to his rented cabin as a “shrine”. It became Yukon’s foremost tourist attraction virtually from the day it was abandoned. Maintained, . . . — Map (db m42695) HM
Yukon Territory, Whitehorse — White Pass and Yukon Route RailwayLe Chemin de Fer White Pass et Yukon
English: Built at the time of the Klondike Gold Rush, the 177 km narrow gauge railway was the heart of the Yukon transportation system for over 80 years. Completed in 1900, it linked the tidewater port of Skagway in Alaska with Whitehorse, . . . — Map (db m42863) HM
France, Normandie (Calvados), Courseulles-sur-Mer — Royal Canadian Navy MemorialMarine Royale Canadienne Memorial
En hommage a tous les morts our disparus de la Marine Royale Canadienne lours du conflit 1939-1945 et de l’Operation Overlord de juin 1944 Merci

English In honor of all those who died or disappeared while serving in the . . . — Map (db m62229) WM

France, Nouvelle-Aquitaine (Dordogne), Sarlat-la-Canéda — Hôtel de Mirandol
XVIe siècle Le Comte de Mirandol fut député de la Dordogne en 1815.

English translation: Hotel Mirandol sixteenth century Count Mirandol was a member of the Dordogne in 1815. — Map (db m60436) HM

France, Occitanie (Tarn), Albi — Le pont Vieux[The Old Bridge]
Costruit vers 1040, «pour le profit commun de la ville et l’utilitéé de l’Albigerois» , ce pont permit de développer le quartier de la rive droite, appelé faubourg de Bout-du-Pont ou de la Madeleine et de multiplier les échange. Pont à péage, il . . . — Map (db m60336) HM
Greece, Attica Region (Central Athens Regional Unit), Athens — Stoa of Attalos (159-138 B.C.)
ΣΤΟΑ ΤΟΥ ΑΤΤΑΛΟΥ (156-138 π.X.) (Text in Greek on the left side) English: The Stoa, on the east side of the Ancient Agora, was the gift of Attalos . . . — Map (db m126105) HM
Switzerland, Lucerne (Lucerne (District)) — Chapel BridgeKapellbrücke
The Chapel Bridge and Water Tower were built in the 14th century. The bridge served as a rampart, as well as part of the town fortification. Originally 285 metres long, the bridge was shortened several times during the 19th century. Water Tower . . . — Map (db m67327) HM
Turkey, Çanakkale Province (Eceabat district), Eceabat — The Gallipoli Campaign of 1915Gelibolu Harekâtı --1915
English: The Allied objectives in the Gallipoli Campaign were, by capturing Istanbul, to force Turkey out of the war, to secure an ice-free sea supply route to Russia and to open another front against Germany and Austria-Hungary. The . . . — Map (db m85111) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Şimkeşhane
English: This building is one of the first construction works in the city after the conquest of Istanbul. according to its epigraph. The place where Şimkeşhane (a place where thread was produced for fabric) was built, used to be . . . — Map (db m84950) HM
Turkey, Istanbul Province (Fatih district), Istanbul — Haseki Hurrem BathhouseHaseki Hürrem Hamamı
English: This building that was one of the great and gorgeous buildings of Ottoman bathhouses in Istanbul, was constructed by Hurrem Sultan in 1556-57. The architect of the building, that was called "Hagias Sophia Bathouse", was Architect . . . — Map (db m84632) HM
Alaska (Fairbanks North Star Borough), Wiseman — Welcome to Coldfoot Camp
This Sign Greeted New Arrivals As They Arrived At The Pipeline Construction Camp Located One Mile West Of Here. We Salvaged This Sign When The Camp Was Being Dismantled. You are about 55 miles north of the Arctic Circle on the East Bank . . . — Map (db m49597) HM
California (Alameda County), Berkeley — Charles W. Woodworth House1905
City of Berkeley Landmark designated in 1993 Entomologist, naturalist, physicist, and inventor Charles W. Woodworth designed and built this all-redwood house in the Bay Region style. The three-level, seven-bedroom home has a brown shingle . . . — Map (db m54877) HM
California (Alameda County), Berkeley — La Loma StepsCirca 1910-1916
City of Berkeley Landmarks designated in 1995 When the La Loma Park subdivision was created in 1900, the streets were laid out in harmony with the natural contours of the land as advocated by Berkeley’s Hillside Club. The rustic quality of the . . . — Map (db m53884) HM
California (Alameda County), Berkeley — Thousand Oaks Neighborhood and UrnsCirca 1909-1910 — Mark Daniels, Landscape Engineer
Berkeley History In the early 1900s, the natural beauty of this undeveloped district, with dramatic rock outcroppings and ancient oaks made it a favorite destination for picnickers and hikers. After a campaign to make the area a city park . . . — Map (db m53848) HM
California (Alameda County), Dublin — Murray-Green Homes
In 1852 Irish immigrants Michael Murray and Jeremiah Fallon purchased 1000 acres of land from Don Jose Maria Amador, and on this site Murray erected his modest home in 1857. Murray sold his house to John Green, proprietor of the Green Store, whose . . . — Map (db m94035) HM
California (Alameda County), Oakland — Origins of Oakland
In 1850, a twenty-six year old New Englander named Edson Adams set his sights on 480 acres of oak covered shore at the foot of what is now Broadway, on the banks of San Antonio Creek. Although the land was part of the Peralta family rancho he and . . . — Map (db m71271) HM
California (Alameda County), San Leandro — A Zoo, a Monkey, and a Mansion Here Too!Lake Chabot Historical Walk
Since the operation of Chabot reservoir in 1876, four different water companies have managed the lake. Their staff led colorful lives on this hill as they kept an eye on this valuable resource. In 1904, William Dingee, then head of CCWC, tore . . . — Map (db m71707) HM
California (Alameda County), San Leandro — Roots From Another LandLake Chabot Historical Walk
Many of the trees surrounding you have foreign roots, each with its own tale. In 1868 the Hayward Journal described Chabot’s plans to encircle the reservoir with “walnut, hickory nuts, butternuts, and other eastern and foreign nut . . . — Map (db m71650) HM
California (Amador County), Sutter Creek — 7 — Old Eureka Mine
Founded in early 1850’s by Alvinza Hayward, owner of the Badger and Wolverine Mines. Earned $65,000 a month, reaching a depth of 2,250 in late 1800’s. Shaft sunk to 3,500 feet in 1916. In 1924 was purchased by Central Eureka Company. Closed in 1942 . . . — Map (db m44606) HM
California (Butte County), Chico — Gianella Bridge
Built cooperatively by Butte and Glenn Counties, 1908-1911. Designed by John B. Leonard (1864-1945), civil engineer, San Francisco. Built by Cotton Bros. and Co. Oakland. Recorded for the Historic American Engineering Record, 1984. Replaced and . . . — Map (db m62233) HM
California (Butte County), Oroville — Bidwell Bar Bridge and Tollhouse
Originally constructed on a site one and a half miles northeast of this location in 1856 Rededicated on July 30, 1977 on this Kelly Ridge site to avoid inundation by the waters of Oroville Reservoir State of California - Edmund G. . . . — Map (db m61597) HM
California (Butte County), Oroville — Jewish Cemetery
Thousands of Jewish emigrants escaping religious persecution and economic oppression in Germany and Eastern Europe joined the Gold Rush to California. They brought with them a strong work ethic and religious conviction. These settlers were . . . — Map (db m61497) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Antioch — The McCoy Cook House
This little house built by the McCoy's in 1861, at their ranch on the side of Kirker Pass, served as their first home. As time passed and the ranch became established, a much larger farmhouse was built for the family. It was then that the 2 room . . . — Map (db m93574) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — Hook Family
William Hook came to the California gold country in 1850 to sell mining equipment and build mining machinery. In 1853 Hook opened a general store at the corner of Ferry and Main Streets in Martinez. Over the years Hook brought up land in Contra . . . — Map (db m93510) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Richmond — Bank of Richmond201 West Richmond Avenue — April 1902
In 1902 the Bank of Richmond occupied the main floor. The upstairs offices housed the early phone exchange. Richmond's first paper, 'The Point Richmond Record' was published by Lyman Naugle in the basement. In 1910 the building was remodeled and the . . . — Map (db m94710) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Richmond — War BoomtownRemnants of a Shipbuilding Past
"All these ships were being built (in Richmond) and it provided a lot of employment... But looking back, it was really a boon to their economy. The stores were just really was full of people..." -- Stella Faria, shipyard office . . . — Map (db m94753) HM
California (Contra Costa County), Walnut Creek — 115 — Walnut Creek and Mt. Diablo Central HotelPacheco Road (Main Street) — Late 1860s
The Walnut Creek and Mt. Diablo Central Hotel sat across from here on Pacheco Road (now Main Street), which connected Martinez to San Jose. Antonio Botelho, who had purchased the surrounding farm land, bought the hotel in 1882 and converted it to . . . — Map (db m93692) HM
California (Fresno County), Coalinga — Liberty “Airdome Theater”Built in 1904 – Terminated with the advent of “talkies” and evaporating coolers.
Built by Dominique Bordagaray, who emigrated from St. Jean Pied de Port, Basses Pyrenees France. Soon after Coalinga began building he bought six lots on “C” St. and fifth, where he built a row of store buildings. In one of these he ran . . . — Map (db m63969) HM
California (Lassen County), Milford — LAS-001 — Milford
First settled by Robert J. Scott on May 10, 1856, Milford is one of the oldest settlements in the Honey Lake Valley. In 1861 the first important flour mill in northeastern California was built here. In recognition of this, and of a sawmill, the . . . — Map (db m87776) HM
California (Lassen County), Susanville — LAS-003 — Richmond
Due to "Gold Fever" and named for Richmond, Virginia by Orlando Streshly in 1859, the town of Richmond grew rapidly until 1861 - becoming the most important and populous settlement in the county "... overshadowing Susanville." Sporting hotels, a . . . — Map (db m87808) HM
California (Marin County), Novato — Rancho Olompali
Rancho Olompali was home to three generations of Burdells from 1866 to 1943. For the following five years the new owner, Court Harrington, used the property to raise purebred beef. In 1948, the building was converted to a religious retreat when the . . . — Map (db m85929) HM
California (Mariposa County), Coulterville — Jeffery Hotel
Built originally in the late 1840’s to serve the Mexican community as a cantina and fandango hall, the succeeding Jeffery Hotel has been warmly praised in the memoirs of the 49er and travelers. The hotel is among the oldest owned and operated by . . . — Map (db m46339) HM
California (Mariposa County), Yosemite National Park — James Hutchings
After bringing the first tourists to Yosemite Valley, James Hutchings established Hutchings House in 1864. Using the boardinghouse know-how of his mother-in-law, he and his wife launched a career as Yosemite innkeepers. Hutchings was a gracious . . . — Map (db m65505) HM
California (Modoc County), Alturas — Sacred Heart Catholic Church
begun 1883 completed 1910 Designated a National Historic Place by the United States Department of the Interior in the Pontificate of Pope John Paul II in the Episcopate of Bishop Francis Quinn in the Pastorate of Reverend James Streets . . . — Map (db m87844) HM
California (Monterey County), Gonzales — The Mustard Seed TrailOne Voice Murals Project
The legend of “the mustard seed trail” is rooted in the Portola expedition which travelled through the Ohlone tribal lands with a wagon containing sacks of mustard seeds. These seeds were spread behind them as they travelled north in the . . . — Map (db m64255) HM
California (Monterey County), Monterey — El Castillo de Monterey
Site of a Spanish fort constructed in 1792 to protect the port and presidio of Monterey from invaders. This is one of only three such forts constructed by the Spanish in California. — Map (db m63108) HM
California (Monterey County), Monterey — Merritt House
Former home of Josiah Merritt, first judge of Monterey County. — Map (db m63226) HM
California (Monterey County), Monterey — Rodriguez – Osio Adobe
Finished in 1849 by Jacinto Rodriguez, member of California’s First Contitutional Convention. Later residence of Antonio Osio, Collector of the Port of Monterey under Governor Alvarado. — Map (db m63519) HM
California (Napa County), Napa — Ars Longa Vita Brevis(Life is Brief But Art Endures)
Historic Events in Napa History Alan Sheep's historical mosaic reveals the Napa Valley's role in the epic of the American West. The work of art captures the essence of the Napa Valley story, its glories and its tragedies. "The . . . — Map (db m92524) HM
California (Nevada County), Norden — 23 — Tunnel 6Hwy 40 Scenic Bypass
History 1866 - Right here Bam, bam, quarter turn; Bam, bam, quarter turn; Bam, bam, quarter turn; all day long, three shifts a day, day after day, week after week. Chinese workers pounded away at the solid granite. One worker held a star . . . — Map (db m81878) HM
California (Nevada County), Truckee — 22 — Donner Ski RanchHwy 40 Scenic Bypass
History The first ski lift on Signal Hill (now Donner Ski Ranch) was built by Johnny Ellis in 1937. This forerunner of the "Ranch" included two rope tows powered by Model A automobiles sitting on blocks (the manila rope going around the . . . — Map (db m105199) HM
California (Placer County), Colfax — Jacob Keck, Sr.Colfax Pioneer
Erected this brick building Circa 1865 as a Trading Post — Map (db m45260) HM
California (Plumas County), Chester — Rainbow Lodge
Built in 1934 by Minnie Lee Vest, it was one of the first hotels on the Susanville – Red Bluff route. It is now owned by Dick McNeill and is the centerpiece of Rainbow Village. It served as a hotel for many years and is now home of “The . . . — Map (db m66084) HM
California (Plumas County), Chilcoot — CHL 336 — Beckwourth PassEmigrant Trail — Elevation 5221
Lowest pass in the Sierra Nevada Mountains Discovered in 1851 by James P. Beckwourth Dedicated to the discoverer and to the pioneers who passed along this trail by the Las Plumas Parlor No. 254 N.D.G.W. May 1937 No desert’s waste nor . . . — Map (db m56449) HM
California (Plumas County), La Porte — Emigrant Trail1850
Gold discovered Rabbit Creek – 1850 Renamed La Porte – 1857 — Map (db m56299) HM
California (Plumas County), Meadow Valley — B-35 — Beckwourth Trail – Grizzly Creek
“Crossed a brook with high banks, where Squire Stephens upset the wagon he was driving in which was Philip Linthicum and he was hurt very badly” – John Dalton, Sep. 2, 1852 — Map (db m56549) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Barstow — John Charles Fremont1813-1890
Called “Pathfinder”, he was known as the west’s greatest adventurer, noted for bravery and his meticulously recorded notes on vegetation and geography. On his 3rd expedition across California in 1845 he, along with Kit Carson, led the . . . — Map (db m50572) HM
California (San Bernardino County), Morongo Valley — Morongo Indian Village
This monument located on site of the Morongo Indian Village Here John Morongo was born 1850, became outstanding member of the Morongo clan for whom Morongo Basin was named. Later was appointed U.S. Peace Officier with title of . . . — Map (db m80563) HM
California (San Diego County), Carlsbad — The Magee House
. . . — Map (db m100676) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Allen Ginsberg(1926-1997) — Rainbow Honor Walk
Renowned poet, leading figure of the Beat Generation of American writers and artists, champion of freedom of expression and sexual self-determination. — Map (db m99801) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Business on the Wharf
This marker is one of a series intended to commemorate the 150 years of the Port of San Francisco. It is composed of a captioned photograph and text entitled Did you know... mounted on a cylindrical metal pylon. Derby-hatted Tom . . . — Map (db m73136) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Gold Mountain
As dreams and the spirit of adventure lured “fortune-hunters” from many parts of the world to California during the mid 1800s, so the news spread to the far reaches of China. To the Chinese, California came to symbolize an image of . . . — Map (db m70853) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Schooner C.A. Thayer
She was a steady little ship. She wasn't too fast to sail and beat, or anything like that, but she was a solid-built ship. - Captain Emil Anderson, Master 1915 Thayer was one of 123 three-masted schooners built on the West Coast . . . — Map (db m101805) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — CHL 754 — Site of the Mark Hopkins Institute of Art
In February 1893, Mr. Edward F. Searles donated the Hopkins Mansion to the University of California in trust for the San Francisco Art Institute for the “instruction in and illustration of the fine arts, music and literature,” and as . . . — Map (db m71457) HM
California (San Francisco City and County), San Francisco — Sterling Park
George Sterling’s romantic, lyrical poetry won him the unofficial title of poet laureate of San Francisco. Jack London was his close friend and Ambrose Bierce, his mentor. Sterling’s charisma and high spirits inspired fellow writers and artists to . . . — Map (db m69985) HM
California (San Mateo County), Redwood City — Embarcadero Turning Basin SiteThis is the site of the beginning of Redwood City! — The Path of History
You are standing over what was once Redwood City’s original waterfront, made up of creeks, tidal basins, and a fresh-water slough, providing the start of lumber, shipping and shipbuilding trades for the area. The tidal basins south of Bradford . . . — Map (db m62622) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — 433 — First Site of El Pueblo de San Jose de Guadalupe
Within a year after the opening of the first overland route from Mexico to Alta California, Governor Filipe de Neve authorized the establishment of the first civil settlement in the state on lands including and surrounding the present Civic Center. . . . — Map (db m52937) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — 898 — Roberto – Suñol Adobe
This historic adobe was built in 1836 by a native Californian, Roberto Balermino, on Rancho de los Coches. The property was officially granted to him by Governor Micheltorna in 1844. A larger one-story dwelling was built in 1847 by the new owner, . . . — Map (db m52119) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — The Zanker House
The Zanker House is a mid-19th Century example of an informal Victorian Italianate farmhouse. The house, built of California redwood, was originally located north of the Alviso-Milpitas Road on the west side of Zanker Road. The outhouse is the . . . — Map (db m52180) HM
California (Santa Clara County), San Jose — Tom & Mary’s Snack Shop & Dr. Watanabe’s Office
The first Japanese American surgeon in San Jose was Dr. Lee Watanabe. His office was above Tom and Mary’s Snack Shop. He was pretty short, but when he was standing on his box doing surgery, he was a giant. Sue Inouye — Map (db m52494) HM
California (Santa Clara County), Santa Clara — The Walnut Growers Association
This is the site of the former Santa Clara Walnut Growers Association. The main plant was constructed here in late 1926/1927 on land purchased from the Town of Santa Clara. Hard shell walnuts in the state of California can be dated as early as 1854. . . . — Map (db m54027) HM
California (Shasta County), Castella — 2 — Water Tank
This water tank is one of only a few historic remains that help tell the Sims story... The story starts around 1902 when the first sawmill at Sims was built. During this time, logs were transported to the sawmill by horses and steam donkeys. . . . — Map (db m69842) HM
California (Shasta County), French Gulch — I.O.O.F. Lodge #75Cemetery — French Gulch, CA. Founded, May 16, 1868
Officers of the International Order of Odd Fellows Lodge, chartered 1858, commissioned the construction of a private and public cemetery in August, 1866. The public section opened May 16, 1868, with the lodge members interred thereafter as their . . . — Map (db m89137) HM
California (Siskiyou County), Weed — Y-12 — Yreka Trail – A Splendid Cite
“Here we came in cite of the bute It is a splendid cite Went down the hill on to the flats Spencer & Brill shot a deer.” – Hinsdale Truman Shepard, Sep 6, 1852 — Map (db m69867) HM
California (Siskiyou County), Yreka — Randolph Collier1902 – 1983
The citizens of Siskiyou County and California hereby honor Senator Randolph Collier, the “Father of the Freeway.” Born in Etna, educated in Yreka’s schools, Senator Collier began his long political career as a Police Judge in Yreka in . . . — Map (db m70185) HM
California (Siskiyou County), Yreka — Witherill Building331, 333 W. Miner St.
The damage to this building in the great fire of 1871 was only $100, no doubt a result of its brick construction. Built by Abel Witherill in 1859 (the same year Yreka was illuminated by gas light), an assortment of short-lived businesses operated on . . . — Map (db m70171) HM
California (Solano County), Vallejo — 9 — The Elsa Widenmann Home
This Classical Revival House was built in 1921 for Miss Elsa Widenmann, a long time civic leader, and her mother, the widow of Charles Widenmann. The carriage house, earlier part of the John Frisbie estate, the barn and the house site are a portion . . . — Map (db m100476) HM
California (Sonoma County), Glen Ellen — Glen Ellen Cannon
In early 1905 through the efforts of General Wagner, this Civil War Era cannon was delivered to Glen Ellen where it was placed in the center of town. It has continuously been recognized as the town marker and as a symbol of community for the town. . . . — Map (db m24961) HM
California (Sonoma County), Sebastopol — Sturgeons Mill
The California Gold Rush of 1849 and San Francisco's Earthquake of 1906 spurred expansion, rebuilding and extensive timber processing in California. Sturgeons Mill is a fine example of 1800's steam powered technology, providing lumber for early . . . — Map (db m102509) HM
California (Sonoma County), Sonoma — CHL 627 — Site of Union Hotel and Union Hall
On this site between 1849 and 1957 stood the Union Hotel and Hall. Built by three veterans of the Mexican War, the hotel was a one-story adobe and the hall a one-story frame building. These were destroyed by fire in 1866 and replaced by two-story . . . — Map (db m80731) HM
California (Tehama County), Butte Meadows — Bruff's CampLassen Trail
J.G. Buff, leader of the Washington City Mining Co., camped on this site from Oct. 21, 1849 to Dec. 31, 1849. While here guarding company goods, at what he called "his mt. lodge in prosperity", he aided, fed, and cheered many weary, hungry, and sick . . . — Map (db m87733) HM
California (Trinity County), Douglas City — Reading’s Bar
Major Pierson B. Reading discovered gold on this bar behind this monument in July, 1848. After crossing the Trinity Divide from the North Fork of Cottonwood Creek. His party of three whites, close friend Delaware Indian scout Tom Hill, and sixty . . . — Map (db m55999) HM
California (Trinity County), Lewiston — Congregational Church of Lewiston
The Congregational Church of Lewiston was organized in October 1889. It was incorporated and erected in 1896. Construction was done by a local contractor – Mr. Canfield. The total cost was $750.00. During its early years, ministers traveled . . . — Map (db m56199) HM
Colorado (Teller County), Victor — North 3rd Street
On this corner, an electric street car (the Low Line) turned off Victor Avenue onto N 3rd Street to continue its trip to the Independence Mine and around Battle Mountain. In the early 1900s, the miners commuted to work via these streetcars for a . . . — Map (db m46796) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — Patterson House
The Washington Club has occupied this Italian neoclassical mansion since 1951. Elizabeth Blair Lee (1818-1906), daughter of presidential advisor Francis Preston Blair, established the club in 1891 for women interested in literary, social, and . . . — Map (db m125562) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Wilson Price Hunt Expedition
In Memory of Wilson Price Hunt Expedition First Whites to visit Boise Valley 1811 — Map (db m119203) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Lava Hot Springs — Lead Bell Mining Company
In 1921, William Godfrey and CJ Lundgren registered the Lead Bell Mining Company, Portneuf District with 1,000,000 shares at par value 10 cents. Operated 1925-1938. Sd (sic) Colton, Pres. Drecilla Godfrey, Sec. Wm Godfrey, Mgr. Mined Lead, Zinc, . . . — Map (db m108257) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Second Bank of Montpelier
Grove C. Gray built a brick building in 1907 to house the second bank of Montpelier. On June 25, 1910, two men attempted to rob this bank by dynamiting the vault. While attempting to dynamite the vault, they jostled a loaded pistol that was on top . . . — Map (db m90909) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Paris — 73 — Charles Coulson Rich
In honor of Charles Coulson Rich 1809-1893 Pioneer builder of the west. Major-General of the Nauvoo Legion Alderman of the City of Nauvoo, in the time of Joseph Smith. Pioneer of Utah, 1847. Chairman of the first committee . . . — Map (db m105849) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), DeSmet — 425 — McCroskey Park
Dedicated in memory of pioneer women, Mary Minerva McCroskey State Park has a forested skyline drive that offers spectacular views of forest, farms, and distant mountains. Virgil T. McCroskey devoted his life to preserving trees and . . . — Map (db m122036) HM
Idaho (Boundary County), Bonners Ferry — Great Northern Railway 18921892
James J. Hill realized his vision of a northernmost transcontinental railroad in 1892, after the 1889 discovery of the Marias pass in Montana. The gentle grade and wide valley of the 5,213 ft. pass through the Rocky Mountains contrasted with the . . . — Map (db m122715) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — Horatio's Journey
The route of US 30 traces its origin to the early 1900s. Until that time, the current route was but a well-traveled wagon road parallel with the Oregon Short Line railroad. In the spring of 1903, Dr. Horatio Nelson Jackson became the first person to . . . — Map (db m106771) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — Law & Order On The FrontierCamp Connor
Excitement and anxiety mounted as emigrants prepared to launch their ox-drawn prairie schooners from St. Joseph and Independence, Missouri - bustling river ports at the edge of the frontier in the 1840s. To them, the great, gray ribbon of the . . . — Map (db m106710) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — 158 — Soda Springs
In this area are a group of springs famous to Oregon Trail travelers, most of whom stopped to try the "acid taste and effervessing gasses" of the waters. Earlier, fur traders often -- less elegantly -- called the place "Beer Springs" after . . . — Map (db m105967) HM
Idaho (Clark County), Dubois — Fort Henry Historic BywayBattle of Camas Meadows
( six panels are located beneath the interpretive site shelter:) A Region Where History Was Made The scenic routes shown on this map will take you to several historic and scenic landmarks in northeastern Idaho. You will . . . — Map (db m124526) HM
Idaho (Custer County), Mackay — 356 — Earthquakes
On October 28, 1983, a major earthquake fracture, 26 miles long and 7 miles deep, surfaced as Lost River Valley slid away from Mount Borah. During that rock shift, Mount Borah’s ridge front rose about 6 inches, while this valley subsided 9 . . . — Map (db m109704) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Franklin — 23 — Idaho's Oldest Town
Franklin was settled April 14, 1860 by Mormon pioneers. The free local museum exhibits a large collection of tools and relics of pioneer days. The founding of Franklin was part of a well organized plan of Mormon expansion. Church . . . — Map (db m105556) HM
Idaho (Franklin County), Thatcher — 431 — Range Wars
Armed cattle ranchers delayed farm settlement here for six years before a permanent farm community was organized in 1872. This kind of conflict occurred in widely scattered western areas when farm crops displaced rangeland. Families of early . . . — Map (db m105835) HM
Idaho (Fremont County), Saint Anthony — 135 — Fort Henry
In 1810, Andrew Henry and a party of trappers from Saint Louis established a winter outpost about 6 miles west of here. Driven from their upper Missouri beaver camp by hostile Blackfeet, they expanded their operations from United States . . . — Map (db m108993) HM
Idaho (Idaho County), Kooskia — Lewis and Clark RouteSeptember 15, 1805
Route of September 15, 1805. The Lewis and Clark Expedition passed through this area on their westward journey following a route used by the Indians to reach Salmon fishing grounds in the Lochsa River. The Indian trail they were following left . . . — Map (db m123215) HM
Idaho (Idaho County), Kooskia — Nimiipuum WetesNez Perce Homeland
Living in Harmony with the Land You are standing near one of the well-worn trails and a crossroads of the Nimiipuu (Nez Perce) and Selish (Salish) peoples. Year round, the Mat’alaayma Bands of the Nimiipuu lived here, wintering along the . . . — Map (db m123172) HM
Idaho (Jefferson County), Lewisville — 230 — Lewisville
In 1882, Richard F. Jardine, Edmund, Brigham, and John Ellsworth with their families founded Lewisville. It was named in honor of Lewis and Clark Expedition and was one of the first settlements in the Snake River Valley. They cleared sagebrush, dug . . . — Map (db m124483) HM
Idaho (Kootenai County), Coeur d'Alene — 170 — Coeur d'Alene Lake
Look to the north: blocking the northward passage of the rivers which form this lake, a great dam of glacial ice once towered above the horizon as far as the eye can see. When the glacier melted, about 600,000 years ago, it left a moraine - a . . . — Map (db m122872) HM
Idaho (Lemhi County), Leadore — Brickand How It Was Made
Bricks for the kilns were made from a very light clay and lime, which probably came from deposits in Jump Creek. The lime was burned in nearby kilns and mixed with clay to produce a tough lightweight brick. Though wages were only $1.50-$2.00 a day, . . . — Map (db m109075) HM
Idaho (Lemhi County), Leadore — Lower Birch Creek Valley
Four panels in the Birch Creek Campground kiosk deal with the history of Birch Creek Valley A Prehistory and History of Lower Birch Creek Valley a natural travel route between the Salmon River & the Snake River Plain . . . — Map (db m109050) HM
Idaho (Lemhi County), Tendoy — 284 — Salmon River Mission
On April 7, 1855, at the conference of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Pres. Brigham Young called 27 elders to found a mission among the Indians of the Salmon River Country, Oregon Territory, with Thomas S. Smith in charge. . . . — Map (db m123676) HM
Idaho (Nez Perce County), Lapwai — Coming of the Railroad
This small train stop linked the Nez Perce with the cities of Lewiston, Idaho, and Spokane, Washington. Running directly through the reservation, the rails also opened this area to a wave of farmers and loggers who made striking changes to Nez Perce . . . — Map (db m121736) HM
Idaho (Nez Perce County), Lapwai — Site of the Lapwai Mission1836
The First Home, The First School and the First Church in Idaho. Established by Rev. Henry Harmon Spalding and Eliza Hart Spalding — Map (db m121643) HM
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Twin Falls — Clarence Bisbee
(Three panels are found at the Bisbee kiosk:) The Bisbee Collection The earliest dreamers knew how to sell Magic Valley: you just has to see it. By 1904 Twin Falls was a real city with platted streets, basic services, . . . — Map (db m125455) HM
Idaho (Twin Falls County), Twin Falls — 286 — Highland Park
Under the Homestead Act of 1880, John Lingren acquired this land, cleared the sagebrush, raised vegetables and dairy products, started a nursery, planted hundred of fruit, evergreen, shade and ornamental trees. It became Idaho Falls' first amusement . . . — Map (db m124383) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — 2 — Early Prominent Residents of Old Town (#2)
In the early 1800s and 1900s, Old Town was a thriving community of immigrants, laborers, brewers and civic leaders who contributed to the early success of Chicago. William B. Ogden – resident of Old Town and first mayor of Chicago from . . . — Map (db m47607) HM
Illinois (DuPage County), Addison — The Gazebos of Addison1965 • 1974 • 2000
Addison’s Village Green, a popular site for concerts and other events, has seem three different gazebos constructed at this site.

The first, dedicated in 1965, was built in Rome, Italy in 1873 and then brought to Addison by Joseph Incandella. It . . . — Map (db m47432) HM

Louisiana (Orleans Parish), New Orleans — Closures – Grillwork
These are samples of marble slabs used to adorn tombs and crypts after the opening has been sealed with brick and mortar. The tablets were gathered from areas of the cemetery where they has been put aside after falling from neglected or abandoned . . . — Map (db m51651) HM
Louisiana (Orleans Parish), New Orleans — Judge Fred J. Cassibry Square
Fred J. Cassibry (1918-1996), U.S. Navy WWII veteran, served on the New Orleans City Council, Orleans District Court, U.S. District Court, E.D. La., and the Louisiana Economic Development and Gaming Corporation. Throughout his 40 years of public . . . — Map (db m51333) HM
Louisiana (Orleans Parish), New Orleans — Residence of Don Manuel LanzosCaptain of the Spanish Army — Madam John’s Legacy
Erected 1788 in the French colonial style Robert Jones, an American, builder. Site of the birthplace of Renato Beluche (1781-1860) a lieutenant of Jean Lafitte’s Baratarians who participated in the Battle of New Orleans Later Admiral of the . . . — Map (db m51319) HM
Michigan (Wayne County), Dearborn — Edison Homestead
Thomas Edison’s grandparents were known for their kindness. Story has it that the would leave food on the stove in their kitchen when they left home so that hungry passers-by could find something to eat. Thomas Edison had happy childhood memories . . . — Map (db m78795) HM
Montana (Madison County), Virginia City — Metropolitan Meat Market
George Gohn was one of the first to arrive at Alder Gulch in 1863 where he and Conrad Kohrs set up a meat market in a log cabin. Alkali dust sifted through the chinks and covered the meat prompting Gohn to experiment with various other locations . . . — Map (db m49479) HM
Nebraska (Keith County), Ogallala — Boot Hill Kiosk
[The Boot Hill Kiosk contains 5 panels each dealing with an aspect of the history of Boot Hill.] [Panel 1] Boot Hill Chronicles 1803 – The United States buys land from France known as the Louisiana Purchase including the . . . — Map (db m51394) HM
Nebraska (Keith County), Ogallala — 7 — California Hill
Many emigrants to Oregon or California had to ford the South Platte River to continue their trek up the North Platte River to South Pass. The most important ford, known as the Old California Crossing, was a few miles west of present-day Ogallala. . . . — Map (db m50790) HM
Nebraska (Washington County), Blair — Lewis and Clark Campsite Area
Three plaques are on this marker. Top, left plaque First Naturalists of the American West The Lewis and Clark Expedition was more than a geographic expedition. Lewis; and Clark became the first scientists to document the natural . . . — Map (db m76887) HM
Nevada (Clark County), Nelson — 6 — Eldorado CanyonHead of Steamboat Navigation in Nevada
Eldorado Canyon, the site of a mining boom, runs east from here to the Colorado River. Prospectors began digging for gold and silver here, about 1859, forming the Colorado Mining District. The three largest mines, the Techatticup, Wall Street, and . . . — Map (db m92463) HM
Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 13 — Bonner Shaft of the Gould & Curry MineComstock Historical Marker No. 13 — 100 Block, South D Street, Virginia City, NV
The Bonner shaft was named in honor of mine superintendent, Charles S. Bonner and began operations in the mid-1860s to explore the lower levels of the Gould & Curry Mine. This four compartment shaft reached a depth of almost 700 feet and cost over . . . — Map (db m45903) HM
Nevada (Storey County), Virginia City — 1 — C & C Mining WorksConsolidated Virginia & California Mine Shaft, L Street, Virginia City, NV — Comstock Historical Marker No. 1
The C&C was the largest and most modern of all Comstock era shafts and was located on the grounds of the California Mine. It was the joint property of the Consolidated Virginia and California Mining Companies. It was used to extract the fabulously . . . — Map (db m50104) HM
Nevada (Washoe County), Verdi — 62 — Truckee River
In prehistoric and early historic times, the Truckee Valley in the vicinity of Verdi, was occupied by the Washoe Indians. Their camps were on these flats near the river. Many fish blinds were located nearby for their use in this important . . . — Map (db m66023) HM
New York (New York County), New York — Bowery Savings Bank
This impressive building, completed in 1895, is located on the site of the first Bowery Savings Bank. Designed by Stanford White of the firm of McKim, Mead & White, it is an excellent example of neo-classical architecture.

The Building was . . . — Map (db m56935) HM

New York (New York County), New York — No. 48 Commerce Street
No. 48, one of two houses echoing the turn in Commerce Street and designed in the Greek Revival style, was erected in 1844 for Alexander T. Stewart on land he had leased from Trinity Church. He was an early merchant prince whose first department . . . — Map (db m57185) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — The Timberwolves
The 104th Infantry Division was activated on 15 September 1942, at Camp Adair and was named "The Timberwolves." After 18 months of training at Camp Adair and maneuvers in Eastern Oregon and the California-Arizona desert, they moved to Camp Carson, . . . — Map (db m114384) HM WM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Government Camp — "Disparite Bad Beyond Discription"Hardships of the Trail
This mountain pass in named for Samuel K. Barlow who opened the first wagon route over the Cascades in 1846 to complete the Oregon Trail. The route was far from easy. Emigrant Isom Cranfill (cabinet maker, farmer, and itinerant preacher) made the . . . — Map (db m112383) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — End of the Oregon Trail
Here the Pioneers Ended Their Journey West. Abernethy Green is the Official End of the Oregon Trail, As Designated by the U.S. Congress In 1978. Placed in Honor of the Pioneer Achievements of Dan Fowler Oregon . . . — Map (db m114198) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — Fire Station No. 2
This building was constructed in 1896 by the North Pacific Brewery and rebuilt 1928-29 by the city of Astoria to serve as a fire station. City Commission J C Brook, Mayor John R Arnold -'28 Anton Sorensen -'29 E C Gearhart Victor . . . — Map (db m113823) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — Soldiers Monument
Soldiers Monument Dedicated to Soldiers of (the) World War of Clatsop County by the City of Astoriia July 21, 1926 — Map (db m113812) WM
Oregon (Hood River County), Hood River — Overlook Memorial Park
Dedicated to the Men and Women Who Served to Keep America Free Listed on This Stone Are Those of Hood River County Who Made the Ultimate Sacrifice World War I W. Lucian Carson • Guy Eastman • Floyd Gramp • Arthur L. Granstrom • . . . — Map (db m112258) WM
Oregon (Malheur County), Vale — John D. Henderson
John D. Henderson was the third child of twelve born to Perman D. and Sarah (Trapp) Henderson, both originally of Tennessee. John was born December 30, 1828, in what is now part of downtown Kansas City, then farmland, where his parents had settled . . . — Map (db m107039) HM
Oregon (Morrow County), Ione — Rocks, Sand & Wind
Testing stamina and patience, the wagons were hurried to maintain constant motion across seemingly barren terrain. Facing trampled and scarce resources, the emigrants were often forced to wander miles off the established trail in search of water, . . . — Map (db m111944) HM
Oregon (Tillamook County), Garibaldi — Captain Robert Gray
Captain Robert Gray was born in Tiverton, Rhode Island, 10 May 1755. Little is known of his youth. During the American Revolution and our war with the French (1798-1801) Captain Gray commanded Letter of Marque vessels. She was Alert, another was . . . — Map (db m113548) HM
Oregon (Umatilla County), Echo — Covered Wagon Museum
The Wagon and Team Wagons for trail travel were of the simplest construction, they cost $85.00 each. They were light, strong, and carried on sturdy wheels. It was recommended that wheels be made of bois-d'arc, osage orangewood or white . . . — Map (db m111926) HM
Oregon (Umatilla County), Meacham — The Intrepid Pioneers
Dedicated to the memory of The Intrepid Pioneers Who came with the First Wagon Train In 1843 over the Old Oregon Trail And Saved the "Oregon County" To the United States. Erected by Old Oregon Trail Ass'n. July 4, . . . — Map (db m111533) HM
Oregon (Umatilla County), Pendleton — PendletonHistoric Trail
This location marks a travel corridor for Plateau Tribes moving seasonally from the Columbia River to the Blue Mountains. In 1811, members of the Astor Party under the leadership of Wilson Price Hunt camped here on their way west. They traded with . . . — Map (db m111565) HM
Oregon (Umatilla County), Pendleton — R.F. Renn Building
This 75' x 100' building was built by B.F. Renn for use as commercial space on the first floor while the second floor housed the Elks Lodge for a few years. It had classical arched double-hung one-over-one windows with two crests at the parapet . . . — Map (db m111765) HM
Oregon (Wallowa County), Joseph — Salmon for Trade
Spring signaled the return of food for the Wal'waama (the Wallowa band of the Nez Perce). The first roots began to appear, and most important, the salmon returned. The sockeye runs in the Wallowa River were heavy, teeming with at the promise of . . . — Map (db m111340) HM
Oregon (Wasco County), The Dalles — Elks Temple1910
This Colonial-style brick building was built as a lodge hall and a residence for members. The front of the building is distinguished by four columns, decorative pilasters and a balcony. The grand ballroom has a rare, spring-loaded hardwood floor. In . . . — Map (db m112019) HM
Oregon (Wasco County), The Dalles — Nickelsen Bookstore
The bookstore is a one-story brick building built in 1870 for Daniel M. and Joshua W. French as part of a large holding of property in The Dalles. Ingwert C. Nickelsen moved his bookstore and music business here in 1883, and it has been used for . . . — Map (db m112401) HM
Utah (Box Elder County), Corinne — Last Spike DrivenNoon…Monday…May 10th, 1869
A rough crowd had gathered at the far set of tracks 15 yards ahead. Six million spikes and six years’ work lay behind them. Now, only one section of rails was left undone. The honor of ceremonially “finishing” the Pacific railroad with a . . . — Map (db m80931) HM
Utah (Box Elder County), Corinne — September 1869
Four months after completion, Promontory was a notorious boomtown composed of hotels, saloons, and gambling tents with a few stores and shops. Transcontinental passengers changed trains here until mid-1870. Many were victimized by resident gamblers . . . — Map (db m80942) HM
Utah (Weber County), Ogden — Kansas City Liquor House253 - 25th Street
This building was constructed circa. 1890. The Eccles Lumber Company owned the property from 1892 until 1908, when they sold it to William H. Gampton. The Gampton family owned the property until 1924. Other owners included Reuben Kaplan, James C. . . . — Map (db m81156) HM
Washington (Island County), Coupeville — Keeping the Alexander Blockhouse alive!!!Preserving Alexander Blockhouse over time
History The Alexander Block house is one of four blockhouses remaining in Central Whidbey Island. Few original blockhouses of this type remain throughout the United States. John Alexander, Sr. built this blockhouse on his donation land claim . . . — Map (db m60986) HM
Washington (Island County), Oak Harbor — Deception Pass
Named by Captain George Vancouver 10 June 1792. Feeling that he had been “Deceived” as to the nature of the inner waterway, Port Gardner (now Saratoga Passage) he wrote on his chart “Deception Pass”. He . . . — Map (db m60904) HM
Washington (King County), Seattle — Interurban Building
Originally known as the Pacific Block, this building was designed by John Parkinson, a noteworthy Seattle-Los Angeles architect. Built in 1890, it housed the office of the Puget Sound Electric Railway Interurban Line, which served Seattle and . . . — Map (db m48025) HM
Wyoming (Albany County), Laramie — The Franchise
The Franchise by John D. Baker The title “The Franchise” refers to the recognition and bestowal of the right of women to vote under full civil equality with men. In 1869, Wyoming became the first state or territory to grant this . . . — Map (db m76744) HM
Wyoming (Campbell County), Spotted Horse — Hunt's 1811 Astorian Overland Expedition
The fur industry ruled the northwest at the beginning of the 19th century; however, much of the interior of the western United States remained a mystery. The Lewis and Clark expedition constituted the only organized exploration, a fact which . . . — Map (db m97954) HM
Wyoming (Carbon County), Sinclair — Wild Times In Benton!For the Railroad and Town
In 1868 the Union Pacific Railroad was rapidly moving west with the short lived railhead towns leading the way. In early July, General Dodge ordered the citizens of Brownsville to move three miles from the river to the edge of the Dry Desert. This . . . — Map (db m89916) HM
Wyoming (Carbon County), Wamsutter — Overland Trail
"From the Platte west to Fort Bridger... is one almost uninterrupted panorama of barren hills, sandy plains, ugly tortuous ravines, and blank desolation... All life and all living things, seem to be gone." (Overland Trail traveler Demas Barnes, . . . — Map (db m89716) HM
Wyoming (Converse County), Douglas — Douglas
Douglas was founded as a result of the Fremont, Elkhart and Missouri Valley Railroad extension through central Wyoming in 1886. The railroad's objective was to access the mining and cattle-rich areas of Wyoming. On August 22, 1886, the railroad . . . — Map (db m92106) HM
Wyoming (Converse County), Douglas — James Bridger’s Ferry
James Bridger’s Ferry, established in 1864, was located 1500 feet up the river from this monument. — Map (db m80088) HM
Wyoming (Crook County), Devils Tower — Devils Tower
Although Devils Tower has long been a prominent landmark in northeastern Wyoming. the origin of the mammoth rock obelisk remains somewhat obscure. Geologists agree that Devils Tower consist of molten rock forced upward from deep within the earth. . . . — Map (db m97986) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Atlantic City — Fort Stambaugh, 1870-1878
was established to protect from Indians the gold mining camps of South Pass City, Atlantic City, Miners’ Delight, and others. It was named for 1st Lt. Charles B. Stambaugh, 2nd Cavalry, U.S.A. who was shot from his horse by Indians when defending a . . . — Map (db m80145) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Lander — Oregon Buttes
To the south stand the Oregon Buttes, a major trail landmark. The name is significant because the Buttes were roughly the beginning of the Oregon Territory and also helped keep emigrants encouraged, even though there were still hundreds of miles of . . . — Map (db m80499) HM
Wyoming (Fremont County), Lander — Sinks Canyon - Corridor to the Winds
The heavily timbered slope before you provides excellent habitat for many species of wildlife. Douglas Fir trees with Oregon Grape, Mountain Lover, Snowberry, Wild Rose and many other shrubs in the under story, cover the slope. Vegetation is thicker . . . — Map (db m95825) HM
Wyoming (Goshen County), Fort Laramie — Fort Platte
A trading post built by Lancaster P. Lupton in 1841. Stood fifty yards to the north. — Map (db m79745) HM
Wyoming (Hot Springs County), Thermopolis — Tepee Fountain
The “Tepee Fountain” was built in 1909 to vent steam from hot mineral water that was piped throughout the park. As water flows over the structure, it cools and deposits layer upon layer of travertine. This process is similar to the . . . — Map (db m97743) HM
Wyoming (Hot Springs County), Thermopolis — Walter Manly Haynes
Walter Manly Haynes was born July 31, 1893 in Nebraska, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Aaron Haynes, The family move to Hot Springs County in the early 1900's. He and his brother, Rollie, signed their select service registration on June 5, 1917. In . . . — Map (db m97761) WM
Wyoming (Johnson County), Kaycee — Chris Lee LeDoux
October 2, 1948 - March 9, 2005 The boot print in the concrete entering the park are from Chris' boots. They were placed there to welcome all to a good place to reflect and relax, "Enjoy the ride." Born in Biloxi, MS on October 2, 1948, . . . — Map (db m91588) HM
Wyoming (Johnson County), Kaycee — Nate Champion and Nick Rae
In the early 1890's, a series of localized conflicts characterized by competition for resources, accusations of cattle rustling, and issues of cattle management broke into a shooting conflict in Johnson County in 1892. Large cattle owners, . . . — Map (db m91577) HM
Wyoming (Laramie County), Cheyenne — Aviation in Cheyenne (1920-1930s)
Front From 1920 to 1926, pilots braved the toughest conditions on the Transcontinental Airmail Route contending with Wyoming's high altitude, unpredictable weather and severe winds. Pilots such as Slim Lewis, Hal Collison, Frank Yager, Harry . . . — Map (db m95464) HM
Wyoming (Laramie County), Cheyenne — The Military 1867-1949Fort David A. Russell - Fort Francis E. Warren
The United States Army came to Cheyenne in 1867 on the heels of the Union Pacific Railroad's westward expansion and established two separated military operations: Camp Carlin just west of Cheyenne and Fort D.A. Russell adjacent to Camp Carlin and . . . — Map (db m95171) HM
Wyoming (Laramie County), Cheyenne — The Tivoli Building
was established by the Richardson Brothers in 1892. The Tivoli has been a landmark since Cheyenne's early days when the town was known as the "Paris of the West." It was a regular hangout for visiting cowboys during Cheyenne Frontier Days. In . . . — Map (db m95189) HM
Wyoming (Lincoln County), Cokeville — Golden Anniversary 1940
Two plaques are mounted on this monument. Wyoming Golden Anniversary 1940 Admitted to Statehood July 10, 1890 Idaho 50 Years of Statehood 1940 Admitted July 3, 1890 — Map (db m90484) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Alcova — The Pioneer Women
In Honor of The Pioneer Women Buried Here In Unmarked Graves 1836-1870 — Map (db m95482) HM
Wyoming (Natrona County), Casper — Indians Of Wyoming
At the time of the great migration of emigrants through Wyoming to the Pacific coast and Utah, Indians were the largest group of residents in Wyoming. Many of these tribes such as Utes and Blackfeet, were semi-permanent and nomadic, traveling in and . . . — Map (db m91720) HM
Wyoming (Niobrara County), Lusk — Rawhide Buttes
Rawhide Buttes, visible west of this point, once served as a favorite camping spot for Indians and fur trappers. Several different tales explain the origin of the name. One account holds that this locale served as a departure point from which . . . — Map (db m98304) HM
Wyoming (Park County), Cody — Eagle's Nest Stage Station
In the early 1890s, Thomas Lanchbury was hired by the Bell stage and freight line to build a stage station near Eagle's Nest Springs in Wyoming. The Eagle's Nest Stage Station was the midway point on the run between Red Lodge, Montana and Meeteese, . . . — Map (db m91134) HM
Wyoming (Platte County), Guernsey — Grave of Lucindy Rollins
Grave of Lucindy Rollins 1849 - 1934 Dedicated to the Pioneer Women of Wyoming Erected by the Historical Landmark Commission of Wyoming — Map (db m79831) HM
Wyoming (Sublette County), Boulder — Buckskin Crossing of the Big Sandy River
The place where this road crosses the Big Sandy River, to your left, is known as Buckskin Crossing. This has been a campsite and river ford for hundreds if not thousands of years, part of the ancient trail system linking South Pass to the Upper . . . — Map (db m96718) HM
Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Green River — Kolb Brothers1911
Ellsworth and Emery Kolb were photographers with a studio on the south rim of the Grand Canyon. They wanted to make a complete photographic record of the canyons of the Green and Colorado rivers, and thus decided to run the rivers themselves. . . . — Map (db m90166) HM
Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Green River — Sodium Carbonate Brine
Where sodium carbonate brine was discovered in 1896, which was the fore-runner of the present sodium chemical industry in this area. — Map (db m90059) HM
Wyoming (Sweetwater County), Green River — William Ashley - 1825
Leaving Missouri in 1824, William Ashley led a large group of men west in search of riches - beaver. Ashley and his crew arrived on the banks of the Green River (or Seeds-ke-dee as it was called then) on April 9th, 1825 near the mouth of the Big . . . — Map (db m90248) HM
Wyoming (Teton County), Jackson — 123 — Jackson Hole
In 1889, five Mormon families pioneered Jackson Hole making the trip of 28 miles in 14 days over Teton Pass. Their leader was Elijah N. Wilson, known among the people as "Uncle Nick" - famous Indian scout and Pony Express rider. They found 18 single . . . — Map (db m90977) HM
Wyoming (Uinta County), Fort Bridger — The Post Trader's Store
Although Judge Carter dabbled in many areas, his main responsibility revolved around his activities as the post trader at Fort Bridger. In this store he sold various items not supplied by the Army to the garrison, including limited amounts of . . . — Map (db m90727) HM
Wyoming (Washakie County), Ten Sleep — Leigh Creek Monument
At the rim above Tensleep Canyon is the Leigh Creek Monument, erected in 1889 in memory of English nobleman Gilbert E. Leigh. Leigh, a lifelong big game hunter and outdoor enthusiast, went missing in the fall of 1884 during a hunting expedition. . . . — Map (db m97886) HM
Wyoming (Washakie County), Worland — Pioneer Square
Dedicated to those who persevered and conquered CITY of WORLAND Charles H. “Dad” Worland in 1900 dug his underground stage stop here on the old Bridger Trail. From Dad’s dugout grew the City of Worland drawing pioneer men and . . . — Map (db m97861) HM
Wyoming (Washakie County), Worland — Worland: Original Town Site
The frontier settlement of Worland was originally located near the mouth of Fifteen Mile Creek on the west bank of the Big Horn River. It grew around a stage coach station established in 1900 by Charles H. “Dad” Worland on the old . . . — Map (db m97829) HM
Wyoming (Weston County), Newcastle — Cambria
Located 7 miles north of Newcastle was the coal mining town of Cambria. In 1887, Frank Mondell, a future Congressman, found enough coal in the area to fuel the construction of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad across northeastern Wyoming. . . . — Map (db m98172) HM
Wyoming (Weston County), Upton — Pine Paradise
You are amidst a stand of ponderosa pines. These majestic trees which can reach heights of 180 feet provided a variety of habitats for wildlife. Porcupines, pygmy nuthatches, red squirrels and mule deer inhabit ponderosa pine forested. Porcupines . . . — Map (db m98247) HM

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