George Colbert operated a ferry across the Tennessee River from 1800 to 1819. His stand or inn offered travelers a warm meal and shelter during their journey on the Old Trace. Colbert looked after his own well-being and once charged Andrew Jackson . . . — — Map (db m69630) HM
Here on February 17, 1862, Brig. Gen. Rains with the Fourth Arkansas Regiment and the Third Louisiana, ambushed the advance of the Federal army under Brig. Gen. Curtis killing 20 of his men and some 60 horses in his advancing cavalry. The . . . — — Map (db m99707) HM
With a swift current and deep channel that allowed deeper-draft vessels to use it reliably as far north as Batesville, the White River was the most important river in Civil War Arkansas and was used extensively by both sides.
The Confederate . . . — — Map (db m96669) HM
DeValls Bluff was ideally situated to be an important location in the Civil War. The riverport was located at a point on the White River that was navigable at all seasons, a distinct advantage over Arkansas River sites that were frequently isolated . . . — — Map (db m96667) HM
Mission La Concepcion Purisima de Maria Santisima (Mission of the Immaculate Conception of most Holy Mary) was founded by Father Presidente Fermn de Lasuen on Dec. 8, 1787 at what is now Locust Avenue and F Street. It was the eleventh of 21 . . . — — Map (db m70318) HM
A group of conservationists led by Andrew P. Hill camped at the base of Slippery Rock on May 15, 1900 and formed the Sempervirens Club to preserve the redwoods of Big Basin. Their efforts resulted in deeding 3,500 acres of primeval forest to the . . . — — Map (db m2350) HM
In 1776, Franciscan Fathers, Francisco Atanasio Dominguez and Silvestre Velez de Excalante and eight companions, explored what is now southern Colorado, Utah, and northern Arizona, as men of peace.
Between August and December, 1776, . . . — — Map (db m71615) HM
Imagine this mesa top in A.D. 1150 with fields of corn, beans, and squash; supplemented with wild plants such as amaranth, tubers, and sunflowers. Children could be seen watering corn with clay water jars (ollas), and young men could be seen cutting . . . — — Map (db m71901) HM
remembers the valor and devotion of her sons who served at Cheatham Hill, Kennesaw Mountain, and in other engagements of the Atlanta Campaign in 1864.
Texas units in the campaign were:
6th Texas Inf. & . . . — — Map (db m85977) WM
Look for lava and ice stalactites ("lavacicles" and "icicles") on the ceiling and walls of this lava tube. They were formed by dripping hot lava and melting ice. Born of fire, this cave now retains ice year-round—a cool place to visit on a hot . . . — — Map (db m92943)
The western boundary of the Vincennes Tract passed through this point. The line extended south-southwest thirty-nine miles from present-day Crawford through Lawrence, Wabash, and Edwards counties in Illinois. The Vincennes Tract was seventy-two . . . — — Map (db m98964) HM
The heart of Cahokia was the Grand Plaza situated between Monks Mound and the Twin Mounds. Archaeological testing has confirmed that the plaza was, in part, artificially created by filling in low areas and reducing high points to create a flat, . . . — — Map (db m74891) HM
Abraham Lincoln was a frequent visitor to Pike County.
He left his judicial circuit and crossed the Illinois River to practice law with many of Pike County's leading attorneys, forming close associations with prominent Whig and . . . — — Map (db m68918) HM
Reserved by U.S. to Chief Francois Godfroy of the Miami National of Indians by treaty at St. Mary's, Ohio, 6 October 1818, 3,840 acres on Salamonie River at La Petite Prairie, Harrison Township, Blackford County; reserve lands sold 1827, 1836. — — Map (db m63825) HM
A Historic Cemetery Listed in Indiana's Cemetery and Burial Grounds Registry of the Indiana Department of Natural Resources
Installed 2005 Indiana Historical Bureau and William Tuffs Chapter . . . — — Map (db m68575) HM
In Memory of
A member of
The Boston Tea Party
Improved Order of Redmen
Born June 11, 1750
Died September 5, 1847
Aged 97 Years
His . . . — — Map (db m68709) HM
Elkhart High School was designed and built to match the existing Central School Building (bottom photo), creating a unified pair of buildings covering the whole block of High St. between Second and Third Streets.
Central School became a . . . — — Map (db m75446) HM
This memorial is dedicated to the life of Lou Criger
Born in Elkhart, Ind., Feb. 6, 1872 to Charles J. and Lovina Stutsman Criger, the city's first major leaguer was known as one of the best catchers of his day and caught most of Cy Young's . . . — — Map (db m67096) HM
In 1893 Vernon marched proudly off the rostrum with his high school sheepskin tucked under his arm. He was sure he was going away to school to become a physician. However, the country was in a depression, so his family could not afford to pay for . . . — — Map (db m72767) HM
The history of Waterford School dates back to a log cabin one mile west of town in about 1830. The first school built in town was a frame building erected on the southwest corner of Egbert Road and South Main Street in 1836. A new one-story brick . . . — — Map (db m69802) HM
Remembered for service in Confederate States of America army, 1861-1865, and "Shoupade" fortification design; fought in battles of Shiloh, Vicksburg, and Atlanta. Advocated recruitment of African Americans for CSA army. . . . — — Map (db m66860) HM
Built circa 1888. Occupied by civic leaders (Nixon Winslow, Levi Scott, and Joseph Patterson) who made significant contributions to Fairmount's economic, educational, and cultural development. Patterson was community's medical doctor, 1889-1913. . . . — — Map (db m63799) HM
Trask, like other pioneer villages, served an important commercial, social, and educational role for early settlers. The post office (1846-1901) marked the start and end of Trask's official existence. As travel improved, such villages disappeared or . . . — — Map (db m63802) HM
Seth Hinshaw, (1787-1865), well-known abolitionist, operated a station of the Underground Railroad on this site, prior to the Civil War. He also operated a store in which he refused to sell goods produced by slave labor. In 1843, Hinshaw helped . . . — — Map (db m63804) HM
This is one of three water turbines that furnished power for the Markle Thomas Mill 1851-1964. It developed about 25 HP. In 1981 it was removed from the old penstock. Compliments of State Bank of Markle. — — Map (db m76482) HM
First lock west of summit level of Wabash and Erie Canal (connected Lake Erie with Ohio River in 1853). Known as Dickey Lock. Built as Lock 1, 1834-1835, of wood construction; renumbered Lock 4 as result of canal completion to Ohio line (1840). . . . — — Map (db m61119) HM
On June 11, 1813, Col. Joseph Bartholomew, with Lieut. Col. John Tipton and Maj. David Owens as aides, and 137 mounted men of the Indiana Territorial Militia moved northward along this trail from Vallonia (Jackson county) through Tiptonia (now . . . — — Map (db m74073) HM
Built here was the Driftwood Church, a log meeting house "free and open to all the different denominations of orderly Christians." Joining the Silver Creek Baptist Association in 1819, Driftwood reorganized in 1839 as a Christian Church under the . . . — — Map (db m74078) HM
Founded in 1823, is the home of Franklin College, 1834 and the birthplace of two Indiana governors, Paul V. McNutt, 1891, at 599 E. Adams and Roger D. Branigin, 1902, at 205 Yandes. Johnson County Historical Museum at 150 W. Madison, Indiana Masonic . . . — — Map (db m66837) HM
A Historic Cemetery Listed in Indiana's Cemetery and Burial Grounds Registry of the Indiana Department of Natural Resources
Installed 2009 Indiana Historical Bureau and Tippecanoe Township . . . — — Map (db m75278) HM
In Memory of
and his band of
removed from this reservation
Sept. 4, 1838 and escorted to Kansas
by a company of soldiers.
One year later, the heartbroken Chief
was allowed to . . . — — Map (db m73391) HM
A nation that forgets its defenders
is a nation itself that
will be forgotten
Sgt. David M. Heath
Cpl. Sascha Struble
Sgt. Kraig D. . . . — — Map (db m78201) WM
Duty, Honor, Country
Of the LaPorte County
Servicemen and Women
"Operation Desert Storm",
The Liberation of Kuwait . . . — — Map (db m78203) WM
Fallen Members of
Rolling Prairie School
James A. Brown • Edwin D. Buell III • Clyde E. Gourley • Donald R. Harley • Merle C. Hendricks • Dale D. Hicks • Michael E. Kelly • Jack B. Meyers • Billy Parker • Forrest M. . . . — — Map (db m73878) WM
Lawrence County's greatest philanthropist, he endowed the Rector Scholarship Foundation at De Pauw University with $2,250,000 in 1919. To date 5,100 awards have been made, 22 to Lawrence County natives.
"To youth of ability and courage in . . . — — Map (db m74127) HM
In recognition of its 150th year as a worshipping congregation, this sign marks the original location of the First Presbyterian Church of Southport, established March 30, 1833. Originally known as New Providence, the founding congregation met at . . . — — Map (db m67187) HM
Mount Pleasant North Cemetery
A Historic Cemetery Listed in Indiana's Cemetery and Burial Grounds Registry of the Indiana Department of Natural Resources
Installed 2012 Indiana Historical Bureau and LaPaz . . . — — Map (db m75768) HM
Francis Godfroy (1788-1840) was last war chief of the Miami Nation. Owner Mount Pleasant trading post and one of the wealthiest and most influential merchants in the West. Burials in cemetery are restricted to persons of Native American ancestry and . . . — — Map (db m61748) HM
Born 1899 in Illinois, Teale became an influential naturalist, author, and photographer who won 1966 Pulitzer Prize for his book Wandering Through Winter. Teale wrote that boyhood summers and holidays spent near . . . — — Map (db m64170) HM
This marker stands on the corner of four Townships on the Parke and Putnam Co. line, once the center of the thriving rural town of Portland Mills
Settled in the early 1800's
Established 1838 - Relocated 1959 . . . — — Map (db m69402) HM
Extending from Michigan City to the Ohio River at Madison. Begun by the state in 1832 with funds obtained from sale of land granted by the Potawatomi Indians. Opened northern part of state to settlers. — — Map (db m74032) HM
First land purchased by Huggart brothers in 1834; area settled and farmed by their families and several other African-American households circa 1850-1890s. Settlement families attended nearby schools and churches and worked with neighbors in . . . — — Map (db m61923) HM
The Nation’s First Coast-to-Coast Auto Road
Once called the Main Street Across America, it all began on September 10, 1912, when a group of industrialists led by Carl Fisher of Indianapolis Motor . . . — — Map (db m76388) HM
A veteran of the Battle of Tippecanoe, General Tipton was apointed to the Indian Agency located in Ft. Wayne Indiana, by President Monroe.
John Quincy Adams appointed Major General Tipton Indian Commissionder to oversee treaties with the Indians . . . — — Map (db m76577) HM
The Wabash River begins as a small stream near Fort Recovery, Ohio and passes through 16 Indiana counties on its 500 mile journey to its confluence with the Ohio River.
The river was named Wah-Bah-Shi -Ka, meaning “water over the white . . . — — Map (db m76549) HM
In the early 1820's, the northern half of Indiana had very little white settlement.
The Miami and Potawatomie Indians had suffered serious defeats at the hands of General Anthony Wayne along the Maumee River (1794) and William Henry Harrison at . . . — — Map (db m76568) HM
Historic National Road
The Road That Built The Nation
The National Road--along which you now stand—arrived here in Centerville in 1832. Centerville was an early "pike town". Regularly . . . — — Map (db m69309) HM
The first public building in Whitley County
was a log jail built in 1840 on the southeast
corner on what is now the courthouse square.
That jail cost $490. It was burned in 1855
by a prisoner awaiting trial.
A second two story jail was . . . — — Map (db m67237) HM
For Col. John Floyd. Born Amherst County, Va., 1750. Led party to survey land now Kentucky, 1774. With George Rogers Clark’s Indian expeditions. Back in Va., joined Colonial navy. Captured, taken to England. Escaped. Built Floyd’s Station, 1779 or . . . — — Map (db m97255) HM
Graham was born & raised in Green Co. He was headmaster of Greensburg Academy, located at this site, from 1818-1823. In 1826, he moved to New Salem, Il. where Abraham Lincoln attended his school learning grammar and arithmetic. They remained close . . . — — Map (db m124184) HM
Three miles west, birthplace of Mentor Graham, 1800-86, “The Man Who Taught Lincoln”. Sixty years a teacher. Green County 1818-26. After Illinois voted down slavery, moved to New Salem, 1826. There, from 1831-37, as tutor and friend, he . . . — — Map (db m124186) HM
James Caudill, born in Virginia in 1753, first came to Big Cowan Creek in 1787. Because of Indians, he took his family back to North Carolina. Returning here in 1792 with his family, he built a cabin, stayed several years, went back to North . . . — — Map (db m97060) HM
A Caddo mound and village dating between approximately 1450 & 1650 A.D. were located northeast of Belcher. The mound consisted of a series of platforms that contained houses or meeting places for the village leaders. The houses were burned . . . — — Map (db m87132) HM
On June 7, 1863, black troops fought a vicious battle to defend the Union supply base at Milliken’s Bend, 15 miles northwest of here. Their victory proved black troops could fight well and helped ensure that the siege at Vicksburg would end in Union . . . — — Map (db m84474) HM
This canal was the third attempt by the Union armies to route gunboats around Vicksburg. Excavation was begun in January 1863, by order of General Grant with two regiments and 1,200 Negro laborers. Two dredge boats were used in February but were . . . — — Map (db m84469) HM
By resolution of the Allegan City Council, this park is dedicated to the memory of
JAMES E. MAHAN, M.D.
Dr. Mahan ministered to the needs of the Allegan area -- both in the personal and public health fields -- from 1931 . . . — — Map (db m69900) HM
In 1866, faced with the growth of what were then the separate villages of Douglas and Dudleyville, Saugatauk Township Districts No. 3 and 4 merged forming Union District No. 3. The Douglas Union School opened for classes in . . . — — Map (db m45325) HM
The School House opened its doors in 1867, replacing a one-room school nearby. Known then as the Douglas Union School and part of a new public school consolidation movement in Michigan, the school offered classes at all grades—pioneering in . . . — — Map (db m73644) HM
Spanning the Kalamazoo River, this 422-foot bridge is one of Michigan’s longest pony truss highway bridges, and among the oldest surviving swing bridges in the United States. The Milwaukee Bridge and Iron Company fabricated the $5,000 structure, . . . — — Map (db m73574) HM
Seeking religious liberty and better economic opportunity in a new land, the Reverend Seine Bolks and a congregation of about two dozen families, left Hellendoorn, Province of Overisel, The Netherlands, on . . . — — Map (db m73646) HM
The county courthouse is an iconic symbol of the American legal system. Its importance in Michigan is established in the Michigan Constitution of 1835, which authorized county courts and the laws that followed, requiring counties to provide suitable . . . — — Map (db m69920) HM
The Michigan National Guard Armory was dedicated in 1917 and was the major information and gathering facility for Branch County's Military, Company A-32.
These guns, known as the Maxim-Nordenfeldt Automatics, are anti-aircraft weapons, and they . . . — — Map (db m66694) WM
The first formal step toward the founding of a state library association was taken by Mary A. Eddy, of the Coldwater Free Public Library, in a letter to Henry M. Utley of the Detroit Public Library on January 13, 1891. They had discussed this matter . . . — — Map (db m66717) HM
During 1836-37, cabinetmaker David Hull led the organization of the township's first religious society. Circuit-riding ministers held services for Union City's fledgling Methodist congregation on alternate Sundays. The group . . . — — Map (db m65806) HM
Erected by H.C. Gilbert Post No. 47 G.A.R. Comrs. Fred E. Lee, Prest. J. Edwards, 1st Vice Prest. H. Goddings, 2nd Vice Prest. H.S. McMaster, Sec. Willis M. Farr, Tres.
Cass . . . — — Map (db m64761) WM
Methodist Episcopal Church
Circuit-riding Methodist ministers held religious services in Pokagon Township during the 1830s and 1840s. A class was organized in Sumnerville in 1840. In 1876 the Methodists purchased . . . — — Map (db m64747) HM
Quakers from the mid-Atlantic region settled here during the 1830's. This is the site of the meeting house, built in 1856, which replaced a log cabin dating from 1837. The congregation contained many active Abolitionists, and this area soon became . . . — — Map (db m68407) HM
Here resided from 1835 to 1849
John Stewart Barry
Governor of Michigan, 1843-46; 1850-52
He was born January 29, 1802, in Amherst, New Hampshire; came to White Pigeon in 1831; to Constantine in 1834; kept a general store and . . . — — Map (db m73001) HM
Built in 1904, this structure served as a public library for seventy-five years. Financed by an Andrew Carnegie grant, it was designed by A.W. Rush & Co. and built by H.V. Snyder & Son. Warren J. Willits donated the site. The exterior pink granite . . . — — Map (db m64547) HM
Grape growing began in Lawton in 1868 when A.B. Jones planted 100 vines. By 1900 many eastern Van Buren County farmers converted their land to vineyards. In 1903 the Lawton Vineyard Company built a winery on this site, which William C. Houppert . . . — — Map (db m68432) HM
When the Spanish laid out the town of Natchez about 1790, they set aside land on the bluff for use as a public park. In 1839, after the city had sold off most of the park and built Broadway Street, writer Joseph Holt Ingraham complained . . . — — Map (db m87177) HM
This bluff shows a deep deposit of windblown topsoil known as loess (pronounced LOW–ess). It was formed during the Ice Age when glaciers covered the northern half of the United States.
At this time nearly continuous duststorms swept in . . . — — Map (db m62182) HM
Dedicated to the citizens
of Chickasaw County
who served our country
in peacetime and war
Dedicated to the memory of all boys of Chickasaw County who gave their lives in service to their country
World War I
John . . . — — Map (db m97569) WM
Excavation of this site tells us much about the people of the late prehistoric periods. The Plaquemine culture included the ancestors of the modern tribes of Mississippi and Louisiana. It was a society with elaborate agriculturally oriented . . . — — Map (db m87325) HM
Constructed ca. 1780, this home is one of the oldest structures in Mississippi. It functioned as both a working plantation and as an inn, where travelers on the Natchez Trace could rest for the night. Mount Locust is the only surviving inn of the . . . — — Map (db m87277) HM
Much of the Old Trace had been abandoned by the start of the civil war. However, the war did leave its mark on the Trace as it did upon the rest of the South, as soldiers marched, camped and fought along portions of this historic old road.
A 5 . . . — — Map (db m61803) HM
Were they some of Shiloh’s wounded who retreated here in 1862 to die beside the Natchez Trace? Did they serve under the daring General Nathan Forest who passed this way in 1864? Or were they guarding the Tupelo headquarters of J.B. Hood’s Army of . . . — — Map (db m84774) HM
Archeologists tell us there was a house here sometime around 500 A.D. and that the pottery found in the mounds was made before 700 A.D. Likely, the population was continuous over centuries with customs being handed from generation to generation, . . . — — Map (db m87364) HM
At the end of the French and Indian War in 1763, Great Britain gained control of the territory between the Appalachians and the Mississippi River except for the New Orleans area. The northern boundary of West Florida was first established at 31° . . . — — Map (db m87366) HM
The description of the ground surface and the type of rock indicate that this cave was a result of solution activity. A long room or corridor was dissolved out of the rock by under-ground water. The roof of the room eventually weakened and . . . — — Map (db m84728) HM
Deep in the Missouri Ozarks, Christian County, organized 1859, was one of last 3 of the State’s 114 counties to be formed. At the request of pioneer “Mrs. Thomas Neaves” it was named for her native Ky. county honoring Rev. War Col. . . . — — Map (db m99716) HM
(Left Side):Battle of Pilot Knob September 26-27, 1864A section of Montgomery's Battery, two 3-inch Ordnance Rifles, under Lt. Simonton, helped drive the rebels back into Shut-In Gap and held them there until fighting ceased at sunset on the . . . — — Map (db m38441) HM
Dedicated to Those Who
Gave Their Lives in
Defense of Liberty
From Texas County
Dedicated Nov. 11, 1987
World War I
Agee, Lee F. • Arms, James W. • Bell, Ernest M. • Blankenship, Fred L. • Brown, Willie H. • Courtney, Charley . . . — — Map (db m99418) WM
The Little Blackfoot Valley is filled with lush hay fields. You already may have noticed the rounded haystacks and commented on the strange lodgepole structures standing in many of the fields. This contraption that looks like a cross between a . . . — — Map (db m71949) HM
When the energy from pressure built up underneath the Earth's thin crust is suddenly released, an earthquake occurs. At first the crust may just bend. But if the stress is great enough, the rocks will break and "snap" to a new position. This usually . . . — — Map (db m62121) HM
This ruin appears to be a symbol of ancient times but was actually built in 1965 for the movie “The Professional.” The main movie set, a Mexican hacienda, was located where the parking lot is now. Railroad ties can still be seen sticking . . . — — Map (db m72358) HM
Humboldt House or Humboldt Station was originally the point of departure for Humboldt City, Prince Royal, and the mines in that vicinity. In September 1866, it became a stage stop for the historic William (Hill) Beachey Railroad Stage Lines.
As . . . — — Map (db m67378) HM
This honors the heroism and hardihood of the thousands of Chinese who played a major role in the history of Nevada. From across the Pacific the Chinese came to California during the Gold Rush of '49 and on to the mountains and deserts of this state . . . — — Map (db m73946) HM
Three-quarters of a mile west of here at the Canadian River crossing was the popular overnight stage stop on the Old Santa Fe Trail. Clifton House Site was built in 1867 by rancher Tom Stockton, with materials brought overland from Dodge City. For . . . — — Map (db m107281) HM
Like a gigantic mirror, Looking Glass Rock reflects a dazzle of sunlight when water collects on its granite face. This display is especially spectacular in winter when the water turns to ice.
Looking Glass Rock is a pluton formed by underground . . . — — Map (db m70420) HM
Warren Gamaliel Harding
Warren Gamaliel Harding was born November 2, 1865, in Blooming Grove, Ohio, to Dr. George Tryon Harding and Phoebe Dickerson Harding. The family moved to the village of Caledonia, and then to Marion.
Harding . . . — — Map (db m67707) HM
Seville's most famous residents, Captain Martin Van Buren Bates (1845-1919) and Anna Swan Bates (1848-1889) settled here in 1873. Their notoriety stemmed from their dramatic stature: Martin, a former Confederate soldier from . . . — — Map (db m61959) HM
Encouraged by Edmund and Jonathan Munger, the church congregation met for the first time on November 29, 1813. Services generally were held for some years in the larger of Edmund Munger's two barns. In 1830 a quaint brick church was built on two . . . — — Map (db m92893) HM
In 1912, the president of the Public Library Association in Paulding requested funding from philanthropist Andrew Carnegie to building a library in Paulding. At first the Carnegie Corporation of New York refused, stating that it only provided . . . — — Map (db m69012) HM
The Stryker depot symbolizes the community's origin and heritage. Stryker was surveyed on September 19, 1853, beside the proposed Michigan Southern & Northern Indiana Railroad. Stryker was the first Williams County town with rail facilities, which . . . — — Map (db m69029) HM
The ground before you is like a puzzle. A long streak of color breaks off, then seems to continue in the next hill, but at a different level. To connect the pieces, look for similar color, thickness, and sequence in a series of layers.
Ash and . . . — — Map (db m71699)
This trail descends to Jackson Falls, a beautifully sculptured cascade that seems ageless. But it isn’t. For thousands of years before the falls existed, Jackson Branch flowed into this high valley, isolated from the Duck River below.
Then, in . . . — — Map (db m84576)
A Ride on the Old Natchez Trace
From this point you may drive over a mile and a half of the Old Trace and see for yourself this frontier road much as it appeared in the early 1800's.
En route, stop at the three . . . — — Map (db m84649) HM
Travel on the Natchez Trace was an adventure in the early 1800's. The 500-mile trail traversed a sprawling wilderness where only Indians, outlaws, and wild animals were at home. Travelers needed a place to find food, supplies, and rest.
At . . . — — Map (db m84620) HM
In 1861, the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, which I-65 largely parallels today, connected the mid-South to the Ohio River and the industrial centers of the North. During the war, however, it brought invaders to both Tennessee and Kentucky as a . . . — — Map (db m84485) HM
A mile to the south, the Old Natchez Trace crossed a depression in the flat, dogwood-covered ridge. After heavy rains it became almost impassable for wagons. Its name “Dogwood Mudhole” recalls the ordeals of frontier travel. It shows too . . . — — Map (db m84670) HM
Founded in 1881, on the Santa Fe line, Temple, like dozens of Texas towns, owed its beginning to the railroad and was, in fact, named for a Santa Fe official, B.M. Temple. On June 29, 1881, a gala town lot sale, with free barbecue, was held by . . . — — Map (db m89965) HM
On March 29, 1900, the Women’s Literary Club and the Self Culture Club formed a city federation for the purpose of organizing a public library. Soon the first library opened in a corner of the post office building and later moved to a book store. In . . . — — Map (db m90017) HM
Adjutant of the Texas army in Battle of Velasco, June 26, 1832. Wounded there, he was guarding civilians at time Texas won independence in Battle of San Jacinto, April 21, 1836.
A bosom friend of Stephen F. Austin, Caldwell . . . — — Map (db m90590) HM
The congregation of the Zephyr Presbyterian Church traces its history to 1890. In 1909 members of the church and community volunteers, with the assistance of Swiss stonemason John Chailette completed a church building. Worship services were held . . . — — Map (db m89650) HM
The first Caldwell County courthouse was erected on this site in 1848, when the county was organized and named for Mathew Caldwell, a Texas Ranger and signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence. It was replaced in 1858 by a 2-story limestone . . . — — Map (db m91553) HM
First official county seat of Callahan County, 1877 - 1883. The first unofficial county seat was Callahan City where the commissioners court was organized, July 30, 1877, and several civil and probate cases filed. By an invalid election, October . . . — — Map (db m79092) HM
The Texas & Pacific Railway arrived here in 1880, platting a town near the work camp of Matthew Baird, surveyor and engineer. In 1881, the T&P built a roundhouse and immigrant house, and moved a depot building to this new railroad division point. . . . — — Map (db m80779) HM
Alexander Charles Garrett 33
Inspector General Honorary
Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of
This tablet erected by the Scottish Rite Masons of Dallas as a loving tribute to the memory of a great and . . . — — Map (db m78040) HM
Organized in 1884, the Methodist congregation at Clyde met in private homes until their first church building was erected on this site in 1904. The white frame structure was replaced in 1936 by this sanctuary, built of stone donated by church . . . — — Map (db m80726) HM
Born April 3, 1878, in Somerset, Ky., Judge Walter Raleigh Ely came to Callahan County with his parents in 1895. Largely self-educated, he entered the profession of law and had a distinguished career. He served as County Attorney and County Judge of . . . — — Map (db m79585) HM
Throughout this area during the last several centuries, rock ledges gave protection to Lipan, Kickapoo, Comanche, and Kiowa Indians. In one typical shelter archeologists found evidence of 3 periods of occupation, plus numerous intricate petroglyphs . . . — — Map (db m77615) HM
This congregation traces its history to the summer of 1890, when a small group of worshipers led by the Rev. J.W. Montgomery gathered under a brush arbor on East Kickapoo Creek to organize a church. Later that year the Rev. G.F. Fair became the . . . — — Map (db m82379) HM
Passed near this site, providing for the first time combined passenger and mail service between Pacific and Atlantic coasts. Operating west from St. Louis and Memphis, John Butterfield’s company used 1,350 horses and mules and 90 Concord coaches and . . . — — Map (db m83088) HM
In area roamed by Indians for centuries. Tamed by open-range cattlemen in the late 1870s.
Permanent settlement began in 1880s. A post office, named for British poet Alfred Tennyson, was established in 1894 with Mrs. Sarah E. Kiser as the . . . — — Map (db m77617) HM
This monument erected as a memorial to the original Coleman County court house and to the pioneers who settled Coleman County.
The monument contains the original corner stone and great bell from the court house erected in 1884. — — Map (db m94465) HM
Settlement of this area began in the 1850s with the establishment of Camp Colorado, a United States Cavalry outpost. At the outbreak of the Civil War the camp was occupied by Texas state troops and Texas Ranger units. The existence of the camp . . . — — Map (db m78265) HM
Missouri native John Banister left home in 1867 and
came to Texas. He received training as a cowboy and
participated in several cattle drives to northern
markets. Banister served with his brother, Will, as a Texas Ranger and participated in . . . — — Map (db m94579) HM
The Bankhead National Highway, from Washington, D.C. to San Diego, California, was the nation’s first all-weather, coast-to-coast highway. The southern road skirted the western mountains and was largely free from ice and snow, so it could be used . . . — — Map (db m113522) HM
First settlers—families of Andrew Agnew, Isaac Agnew, Fletcher Fields, David McKinley, Allis Smith and W.W. Smith—arrived in a wagon train from Gregg County, Jan. 6, 1876. Area was known for hardships: Indian raids, vigilante activities, . . . — — Map (db m89572) HM
Organized by German Lutherans in September 1896 under a brush arbor at nearby Lange’s Mill, this church has been part of Gillespie County history for over 100 years. A frame church building erected in 1898 was replaced by this Gothic Revival . . . — — Map (db m91744) HM
This group of building was constructed by German native Diedrich Rode (1828-1905). The three-story limestone residence was completed in 1880 and featured a third floor storage area for wool and cotton produced on the land. A Lutheran, Rode served as . . . — — Map (db m91644) HM
For many years this low-water crossing served as the primary access to the LBJ Ranch; for non-Texans, it served as a dramatic entry into LBJ’s world. The construction of this dam and crossing was the first improvement made to the ranch by Lyndon . . . — — Map (db m91317) HM
This cemetery originally served the settlement of Millville, laid out by Israel Nuñez, who operated a stage stop in the vicinity after the Civil War. Although he set aside land for the cemetery, it was not formally deeded until 1934 by J.O. Walker. . . . — — Map (db m90989) HM
Growing up in the scenic Texas Hill Country, Lyndon Johnson developed a deep appreciation and respect for the land. As part of his dream for a “Great Society” he felt a responsibility to protect the natural heritage of the United States. . . . — — Map (db m91235) HM
Born in Massachusetts January Twentieth 1798 was licensed to practice medicine in 1820. Came to Texas in 1833. Doctor Jones participated in the Battle of San Jacinto 1836 while a surgeon in the army of Texas. He was a member of the Congress of the . . . — — Map (db m78967) HM
Established November 14, 1851 by the United States Army as a protection of the settlers against the Indians. Abandoned and burned April 6, 1854. Repaired and used by Southern Overland Mail, 1858-1861, sub-post of Fort Griffin, 1871-1872, temporary . . . — — Map (db m78401) HM
Swedish native Swante Magnus Swenson and his two sons, Eric Pierson and Swen Albin Swenson, came to Texas in 1882 to establish the SMS ranches. In 1899, Eric P. and Swen A. Swenson donated a large section of land for a townsite on an extension of . . . — — Map (db m92575) HM
Erected in Benjamin in 1891, when the officials of Knox County were: W.H. Benedict, T.P. Reeder, J.A. Spinks, G.B. Stewart.
T.D. Isbell – Sheriff.
Rock structure replacing wooden courthouse of 1886, was . . . — — Map (db m81300) HM
German native Boi Albert Cornils immigrated as a young adult to this area in 1884 and wed another young immigrant, Bertha Lembke. The couple settled on ranchland east of Lohn and reared five children. In 1896, they deeded five acres for a free . . . — — Map (db m91746) HM
U.S. soldiers, under command of Robert E. Lee, used this site while traveling the nearby Military Road and patroling this area for Indians.
Westbound immigrants also camped here prior to the Civil War.
Here 27 Indians surprised and . . . — — Map (db m116512) HM
Presidio de San Luis de las Amarillas was founded in April 1757 to protect the Mission Santa Cruz de San Sabá, established at the same time for the conversion of the Eastern Apaches. The Presidio (fort) and Mission were also intended to promote . . . — — Map (db m115710) HM
In 1732 the governor of Spanish Texas named the nearby river “San Sabá,” perhaps after St. Sabbás, a sixth-century monk. In 1757, soldiers built the Presidio San Luis de las Amarillas out of wood. By 1764, stone replaced wood and the . . . — — Map (db m115919) HM
Today little of the original presidio remains standing; mostly lower wall sections and footings. The sides of the entrance gate and other large hand carved stones are also believed to be original elements. In 1937 the Texas Centennial Commission . . . — — Map (db m115921) HM
In 1888, three local men bought land for use as a cemetery; the first burial was that of Houston Roberts. The Odd Fellows Lodge bought the grounds in 1894, adding land over the years. Watson Whittaker was killed during an 1898 train robbery and made . . . — — Map (db m89840) HM
This Tablet is Placed Here
Goldthwaite Garden Club
In Memory of Those of
Who Paid the Supreme Sacrifice
in World War II
Baker, Wayne • Black, Norman O. • Carroll, O.B. • Clements, Bentley • Collier, James L. . . . — — Map (db m89842) WM
An 1858 settler and leading citizen of Palo Pinto County. Enlisted 1864 in Co. B, 1st Frontier District, Texas State Troops, in Maj. Wm. Quayle’s command. Saw service mainly in keeping down Indian depredations and protecting settlements that were . . . — — Map (db m98439) HM
On July 26, 1886, soon after the railroad town of Ballinger was founded, a Presbyterian church with nine charter members was organized at the home of Mr. and Mrs. J.R. Burt. A small frame sanctuary served the congregation until this structure was . . . — — Map (db m95195) HM
One-half mile east of here, some twenty-five to thirty Texas Rangers of Company E were stationed in 1874, under the command of Capt. W.J. “Jeff” Maltby. They kept sentries posted on nearby “Ranger Peak” to guard against . . . — — Map (db m78285) HM
The need for education in this rural area was met in 1902, when a two-room school was started on Emil Helm’s farm (1.5 mi. NW). The name “Sweet Home” was chosen by Henry Kriegel, one of the first trustees. In 1922 the school was moved to . . . — — Map (db m96033) HM
Founded about 1899. Named for Wm. M. Pumphrey (1849-1937), early settler. A deacon of the Baptist Church, he would put his organ in a wagon on weekends and take it, his wife and 11 children to attend services in Wingate.
In 1900, as the . . . — — Map (db m81912) HM
In 1900, the Texas Central Railway extended a line northwest from Albany across this portion of Rose Ella (Matthews) Conrad’s cattle ranch. Ella and her brother John A. “Bud” Matthews, for whom this site is named, promptly constructed . . . — — Map (db m79194) HM
In Honor of the Georgia Battalion
Georgia was the only state in the Union to supply arms from its state arsenal when her sons came to Texas to join the fight for freedom. The Georgia Battalion of 5 companies of volunteers came as a . . . — — Map (db m94068) HM WM
The highest ranking serviceman from Shackelford County during World War II, Robert Williams was a native of Albany. After attending schools here, he graduated from Texas A&M in 1923 with a degree in Civil Engineering and a commission as a Second . . . — — Map (db m85585) HM
Arden Grantham moved to Albany as a small child and grew up here. In 1930, he was considered one of the most brilliant students ever to graduate from Albany High School. Albany Congressman Thomas L. Blanton secured him an appointment to the U.S. . . . — — Map (db m85587) HM
Cattle have been important to Texas’ economy since early Spanish mission days. Before and after the Civil War, routes developed for driving herds through Texas to sell in Missouri and Kansas. The best known was the Eastern, or Chisholm Trail, but . . . — — Map (db m93643) HM
In 1876 during an international demand for buffalo hides, Charles Rath (1836-1902) founded this town. He opened the Rath, Lee & Reynolds mercantile store. He sold supplies and bought the hides from the buffalo hunters. On one occasion in 1877 there . . . — — Map (db m95161) HM
The first public school for African Americans in Abilene was established in 1890. Located in the 200 block of Plum Street, the one-room school was named the Abilene Colored School. Its first class consisted of 22 students and one teacher.
In . . . — — Map (db m78835) HM
Dr. William H. Butler, Sr., was the first African American physician to practice medicine in Abilene. He was born in Dec. 1875 in Palestine (Anderson Co.), where he attended grade and high school. He continued his education at Wiley College in . . . — — Map (db m86530) HM
In 1879, after her husband’s death in Jamaica, Helen Fanny Harris Drummond returned with her children to England. She immigrated with them to the United States in 1885, settling in Brazos County, Texas. In October 1891, she purchased 100 acres in . . . — — Map (db m77654) HM
When the young railroad town of Abilene incorporated in 1883, the first city officials desired to project a more civilized image to visitors and new settlers, as the new town had already developed a lawless reputation since its 1881 founding. Strong . . . — — Map (db m85803) HM
This church began as a mission in the 1880s to serve Catholics in the Abilene area. Early members included Abilene pioneer Theo. Heyck and City Marshal J.J. Clinton. Priests came by train from Weatherford to conduct worship services, first in . . . — — Map (db m86309) HM
The Hotel Grace was built in 1909 by Col. W.L. Beckham, a hotel builder and operator from Greenville, Texas. He named his newest hotel for his daughter, Grace.
At that time, the Grace was the major hotel between Fort Worth and El Paso. The . . . — — Map (db m85806) HM
Maintained from 1858 to outbreak of the Civil War in 1861 as a stage stop on the Butterfield Overland Mail route, which was the first mail and passenger line to link the east and west coasts of the United States. In 1870's this was a stop for branch . . . — — Map (db m77765) HM
Human activity in this area has been traced to prehistoric eras. Native American tribes roamed this land with the buffalo, deer, turkey, mountain lion, and black bear. Among the first recorded ventures into the canyon were the Military Road Survey . . . — — Map (db m77736) HM
On New Year’s Day, 1871, Indian raiders who had stolen horses in Coleman County were pursued and overtaken here by 18 Texas Rangers and cowboys. Leaders of the group were Captain James M. Swisher and rancher Sam Gholson.
The Indians took . . . — — Map (db m77733) HM
In 1911 the Texas legislature passed a law calling for the establishment of state institutions for the treatment of tuberculosis. Founded across the highway in 1912, the Anti-Tuberculosis Colony No. 1 opened with facilities for 57 patients on a . . . — — Map (db m95924) HM
Along the banks of the South Concho River, Confederate veterans of the War Between the States (1861-1865) gathered in reunion beginning in 1902. They were members of the United Confederate Veterans Colorado—Concho Confederate Reunion . . . — — Map (db m115960) HM
At the close of “The Great War,” the citizens of Water Valley wanted to honor those of their community who had served overseas. They were inspired by a small family monument erected on the eastern ridge of Mount McLaughlin in 1902. . . . — — Map (db m96065) HM
Pioneer nickname appropriate to this area’s many freedoms–particularly from want and fear. (Food was obtained with little effort; and although the Indians fought white men here as late as 1842, the settlers by 1847 slept in the open with no . . . — — Map (db m84510) HM
County Named for Texas Confederate
Colonel William C. Young
1812 – 1862
Tennessee lawyer, U.S. Marshal, Frontier Texas Ranger, Annexation Convention member 1845, Colonel Mexican War. During Civil War raised and commanded 11th Texas . . . — — Map (db m93532) HM
Three youths slain by Indians in an Elm Creek raid, July 17, 1867:
Rice Carlton, age 19; Reuben Johnson, born 1847, son of J. Allen Johnson; Patrick Euell Proffitt, born March 7, 1848, son of Robert S. Proffitt. John Proffitt, a brother, was . . . — — Map (db m93411) HM
Owachomo (O-wá-cho-mo) is a Hopi Indian word for rock mound. On the upper left side of the bridge is a rock outcrop which suggested the name for the bridge.
Owachomo Bridge looks different from either Sipapu or Kachina Bridge. Because Owachomo . . . — — Map (db m93094) HM
The rock before you is a clue to a geologic mystery. Between 110,000 and 20,000 years ago, a volcano erupted about nine miles away. Dacite lava flowed here and stopped, forming an unusually deep pool. Geologists don’t know for sure what blocked the . . . — — Map (db m71658)
Kloochman Rock is a volcanic "intrusion" composed of what is called a "pyroxene-rich andesite." Intrusions are created when molten volcanic material is pushed up into a fissure or crack where it cools and hardens. Andesite is a relatively hard fine . . . — — Map (db m71522)
The Norfolk and Western Railway (N&W, now Norfolk Southern Corporation) has played a crucial role in Matewan’s history. The railraod reached the Matewan area in 1892 as part of the N&W’s Ohio Extension, which provided a direct route from Bluefield . . . — — Map (db m87950) HM
"That there should be a Lincoln Highway across this country is the most important thing"
In memory of Henry B. Joy
The first president of the Lincoln Highway Association
Who saw realized the dream of a continuous improved highway from . . . — — Map (db m84887) HM
Founded in 1868 upon the arrival of the Union Pacific Railroad, Laramie was named after the fur trader Jacques LaRamie. The first female jurors served here in 1870 after Wyoming Territory in 1869, for the first time in history, gave women full . . . — — Map (db m67993) HM
The Tower and Black Hills area have been a gathering place and home to many people. Archeological discoveries show that native people lived here 10,000 years ago. As time passed, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Crow, Kiowa, Lakota, and Shoshone all developed . . . — — Map (db m72587) HM
Shoshone, Arapaho, Crow and Sioux Indians occupied this pleasant valley long before the Oregon Trail, which changed their cultures and life styles forever. This led to tragic warfare and the eventual loss of country they had called their own.
. . . — — Map (db m69602) HM
Viewed from Beaver Rim, the Wind River Mountains, part of the Rocky Mountain chain, boast 53 granite peaks over 13,000 feet high. The Continental Divide runs the length of the Wind River Range. Water on the east side of the Continental Divide flows . . . — — Map (db m67012) HM
Death was a constant companion for emigrants headed west. It is estimated that 10,000 to 30,000 people died and were buried along the trails between 1843 and 1869.
Cholera and other diseases were the most common cause of death. People didn't . . . — — Map (db m67046) HM
Here on Oct. 6, 1857, U.S. Army supply wagons led by a Capt. Simpson were burned by Major Lot Smith and 43 Utah Militia men. They were under orders from Brigham Young, Utah Territorial Governor, to delay the army's advance on Utah. This delay of the . . . — — Map (db m67039) HM
Buried under the streets of Rock Springs are seams of coal. In 1850 Howard Stansbury noted that coal could be found near the present town. When, in 1868, the Union Pacific Railroad built through the area, the large commercial mines opened. Number 1 . . . — — Map (db m67812) HM
Your trip across Wyoming takes you through vast expanses of shrublands made up mostly of sagebrush. To the casual observer this landscape may appear desolate, but sagebrush shrublands are diverse and home to a variety of wildflowers, birds, and . . . — — Map (db m67971) HM
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