“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

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3994 markers matched your search criteria. The first 200 markers are listed. Next 3794
Fort Pierpont Marker image, Touch for more information
By Don Morfe, April 12, 2014
Fort Pierpont Marker
Alabama (Tallapoosa County), Daviston — Tecumseh and the Prophets
In 1811 Tecumseh, a Shawnee Indian tapped the growing resentment within the Creek Nation.

Treaties with the whites had always seemed to work against them. The U.S. Government had adopted a persistent policy to change Creek government and . . . — Map (db m95260) WM

Alaska (Juneau Borough), Juneau — St. Nichlolas Russian Orthodox Church
A building rich with history Juneau’s gold rush in the 1880s initiated efforts by various missionaries to convert the Native peoples to their faith. American missionaries were instructed to suppress the use of native languages and as a . . . — Map (db m70758) HM
Arizona (Maricopa County), Mesa — BGen. Joseph J. Foss
Commemorative Air Force Arizona Military Aviation Walk of Honor Proudly Recognizes BGen. Joseph J. Foss 1915 — 2003 Medal of Honor Brigadier General Joseph J. Foss was awarded the Medal of Honor while flying with Marine Fighting . . . — Map (db m102912) HM WM
California (Inyo County), Furnace Creek — Devils Golf Course
Interbedded salt and water-bearing gravels are more than 1,000 feet thick beneath the Devils Golf Course. Great horizontal forces exerted by crystallizing salt, push these columns upward wind and rain carve them into fantastic shapes. — Map (db m100757) HM
California (Inyo County), Independence — Weaving for the WarManzanar National Historic Site
America went to work for the war effort in 1942, and Manzanar was no exception. More than 500 young Japanese Americans wove camouflage nets here for the U.S. Army. Since citizenship was a job requirement, most saw weaving nets as a chance to prove . . . — Map (db m70551) HM
California (Mariposa County), Yosemite National Park — President Theodore Roosevelt & John Muir Meeting SiteYosemite National Park
On this site President Theodore Roosevelt sat beside a campfire with John Muir on May 17, 1903 and talked forest good. Muir urged the President to work for preservation and priceless remnants of America’s wilderness. At this spot one of our . . . — Map (db m62853) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Monte Cristo CottageNational Historic Landmark
Boyhood home of Eugene O’Neill, America’s most renowned playwright and setting for his masterpieces ‘Ah, Wilderness’ and ‘Long Day’s Journey Into Night”. O’Neill won the Nobel Prize in literature in 1936. This site possesses exceptional . . . — Map (db m66446) HM
Delaware (Sussex County), Georgetown — Delaware Confederate War Memorial
Base inscription-erected by the United Daughters of the Confederacy Caleb Ross Chapter #2635 and the Sons of Confederate Veterans, Delaware Grays Camp #2068. Front text-not legible, back text-not legible, side text-Smith Gilley, Confederate Army, . . . — Map (db m105569) WM
Delaware (Sussex County), Ocean View — SC-183 — U.S. Army Radar Site 11
On March 12, 1941, the United States government purchased 10 acres of land here for the location of a mobile radar installation. Preparation of the site was completed the following summer. Construction was then commenced under the direction of the . . . — Map (db m66482) HM
Florida (Monroe County), Key West — GunroomsFort Jefferson — Dry Tortugas National Park
The 8- and 10-inch columbiads were standard U.S. cannon for coast defense. They were cast-iron, muzzle-loading smoothbores. The 8-inch weighed 9,210 pounds and when elevated 4” threw a 65-pound ball about a mile. From the top of the fort, the . . . — Map (db m100238) HM
Georgia (Chatham County), Savannah — Storehouse
This Storehouse was constructed in 1925 to hold a wide variety of supplies used by the railroad. Storehouse stock included tools and parts necessary to work on train cars, but also the many items needed to run the Central of Georgia’s . . . — Map (db m70292) HM
Georgia (McIntosh County), Darien — Guale Indian VillageFort King George Historic Site
Colonel Barnwell in early colonial records wrote about an Indian village that inhabited the site of Fort King George “for 40 acres round.” Thousands of sherds of Indian pottery, along with remains of 15 crude wautle and daub houses, have . . . — Map (db m70239) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Mark 37 Electric TorpedoBowfin Park
This high-performance, submarine-launched weapon is considered to be the first successful torpedo developed for use against other submarines. The Mark 37 was designed to swim out of a 21-inch torpedo tube, to which it remained attached by a length . . . — Map (db m81388) HM
Illinois (Rock Island County), Rock Island — USA T131, 280mm, Heavy Motorized GunRock Island Arsenal
This is the experimental model of the M65 atomic cannon. Adapted in 1956 the cannon could fire both nuclear and conventional shells over a range of 18 miles. — Map (db m93137) WM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Receiving Vault
The remains of Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) and his son William Wallace "Willie" rested in this receiving vault from May 4, 1865 to December 21, 1865. The receiving vault was built following Oak Ridge Cemetery's dedication made in 1860. The vault . . . — Map (db m82147) HM
Indiana (Marion County), Indianapolis — Confederate Mound
. . . — Map (db m82239) HM WM
Indiana (Marion County), Indianapolis — Richard Jordan GatlingInventor of the Gatling Gun
Born Hertford Co. North Carolina Sept. 12th, 1818. Died New York City. Febr. 26th, 1903. The highest honors that the world can boast are subjects far too low for my desire. The brightest beams of glory are at most incomplete compared to my . . . — Map (db m82207) HM
Kentucky (Boyd County), Ashland — 2125 — Putnam Stadium
This stadium served the Ashland Public Schools. Built in 1937 for $6,500 as a WPA project, it was dedicated on Thanksgiving Day that same year. The Ashland High School Tomcats record of success includes 11 state championships. In 1944, the Tomcats . . . — Map (db m73802) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 1578 — Col. Richard Callaway / First Ferry in Kentucky
(south side) Col. Richard Callaway Born in Caroline County, Virginia, in June 1722, Richard Callaway served in French and Indian wars and as a colonel in Revolutionary War. He was a member of Virginia House of Burgesses and one . . . — Map (db m72632) HM
Kentucky (Madison County), Richmond — 1979 — White Oak Pond Church
Original log church built here by 1790 became worship and community center for settlement of Milford, first county seat. Named for early minister J. R. Pond, church joined Tates Creek Baptist Assoc. in 1802. In the Civil War, J. R. Pond's nephew, . . . — Map (db m67799) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Burnside — 1007 — First Boy Scout Troop
Before Boy Scouts of America was organized, 1910, a troop of 15 had been formed here, spring of 1908, by Mrs. Myra Greeno Bass. Using the official handbook of English scouting, she guided them hiking and camping, like scouting today. Known as Eagle . . . — Map (db m67875) HM
Maine (Hancock County), Bass Harbor — Bass Harbor Head Light
Bass Harbor Head Light stands at the southernmost tip of Mount Desert Island and marks the entrance to Blue Hill Bay and Bass Harbor. Since 1858 it has warned mariners of navigational hazards along this rocky shore.

In the nineteenth century, . . . — Map (db m95426) HM

Maine (Waldo County), Burnham — Cpl. Clair Goodblood MemorialKorean War Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient
(Black Granite) Medal of Honor-Cpl Clair Goodblood, born September 18, 1929-Killed in Action April 25, 1951 --(Gray Granite) Korean War Hero-Cpl Goodblood was a member of Company D, 7th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division. While serving as a . . . — Map (db m62470) WM
Maine (York County), Kennebunk — Vatican Pavilion Sculpture
This magnificent sculpture, designed and executed by Vytautas K. Jonynas, adorned the façade of the Vatican pavilion at the Worlds Fair in New York City (1964-1965). It depicts the church militant, the church suffering, and the church triumphant, . . . — Map (db m105035) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Annapolis — Evolutions of Strawberry HillUnited States Naval Academy — National Historic Landmark
Historical records of colonial Annapolis show that Richard Spriggs, an important 18th Century Annapolitan, had a house built on Strawberry Hill in 1780. By 1796 Spriggs had leased the house to Henri Stier, an investment banker from Antwerp, and his . . . — Map (db m60913) HM
Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Tracys Landing — Birds of Prey
Birds of prey, or raptors, are specially suited to their lives as hunters. Their strong legs and powerful grasping feet with sharp talons help them catch and kill prey. Hooked bills help tear the meat. Hawks, falcons, eagles and owls are an . . . — Map (db m79984) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — CisternCarroll Mansion
Archaeologists discovered a buried cistern two and one half feet below you. A cistern is a receptacle for holding water, especially rainwater.

In eighteenth-century Baltimore, water came from wells, creeks, and natural springs, which were . . . — Map (db m102929) HM

Maryland, Baltimore — Final RestStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Once Baltimore’s most prestigious cemetery, Westminster Burying Ground was the final resting place for many prominent Baltimoreans, including some 25 from the War of 1812. Notable burials include: General Samuel Smith, commander of American forces . . . — Map (db m79848) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — From Bricks and Pianos to FootballGwynns Falls Trail
More than a million bricks were used to construct M&T Bank Stadium in 1998. This reflects not only Maryland’s architectural heritage, but also the history of the site, a one-time colonial brickyard. Alexander Russell produced bricks here, using clay . . . — Map (db m104382) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Gwynns Falls TrailLeon Day Park at Franklintown Road
From picnic and playground facilities to sports fields and courts, Leon Day Park serves as a gathering place for people of all ages in the Rosemont-Franklintown Road neighborhood. Formerly called Calverton, the area contained mills and . . . — Map (db m103767) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Old Dunbar High School
The striking architecture of Baltimore’s original Dunbar High School complements the school’s role in community empowerment and educational equality. Dunbar’s educators, students, and alumni worked to achieve the “equal” in the . . . — Map (db m101610) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Reflections29th Infantry Division
“Omaha Beach, however, was a nightmare. Even now it brings pain to recall what happened there on June 6, 1944. I have returned many times to honor the valiant men who died on that beach. They should never be forgotten, nor should those who . . . — Map (db m101517) WM
Maryland, Baltimore — Salvation Army
The Salvation Army-“While women weep, as they do now, I’ll fight. While men go to prison, in and out, in and out, as they do now, I’ll fight. While there is a drunkard left, while there remains one dark soul, without the light of God, I’ll . . . — Map (db m62434) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — The Flag House and Star-Spangled Banner Museum
The Flag House was the home of Mary Pickersgill and the site where she sewed the Star-Spangled Banner. Mary Pickersgill moved into the Flag House in 1807 with her mother, Rebecca Young, and her daughter Caroline, and set up a flag making shop. . . . — Map (db m2723) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — The General’s Highway
This is a section of “The General’s Highway”-Route of General Washington’s triumphant journey, December 3-23 1783, New York to Annapolis, to resign as Commander-In-Chief of the first “American Army”.

George Washington . . . — Map (db m103114) HM

Maryland (Baltimore County), Phoenix — Glen EllenMaj. Harry Gilmor's Childhood Home — Early's 1864 Attack on Washington
(preface) In June 1864, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee and Gen .Jubal A. Early’s corps from the Richmond battlefields to the Shenandoah Valley to counter Union Gen. David Hunter’s army. After driving Hunter into West Virginia, Early . . . — Map (db m75287) HM
Maryland (Carroll County), Westminster — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through . . . — Map (db m75738) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Chesapeake City — A Historic Hub of Commerce
“Formerly known as the “Village of Bohemia,” Chesapeake City owes its existence to the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal. From the time work began on the canal in 1824, the village became a hub of activity and a thriving port, . . . — Map (db m69824) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Henry Delbert and E. Delbert Bros. Barge BuildingElk Landing 1889 to 1911
Workers outfitting anchor chain on the barge “Arundel”. She was 215ft. long, 30 ft. wide and 25ft. deep. Notice the large expanse of marshland across the Elk Creek in the area of Fort Defiance.

An estimated 200 “Schooner . . . — Map (db m96598) HM

Maryland (Frederick County), Point of Rocks — Point of Rocks
In 1832, Point of Rocks served as the western terminus for the C&O Canal and the B&O Railroad. This was not deliberate, but the result of competition as the transportation pioneers wrangled in court for rights to the narrow passage between the . . . — Map (db m59743) HM
Maryland (Harford County), Havre de Grace — River CrossingStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
Little evidence remains of what was once the northernmost navigable deep-water port on the Susquehanna River. The “Upper Ferry” crossed between here and Port Deposit.

When the British attacked May 3, 1813, they helped themselves to a . . . — Map (db m80344) HM

Maryland (Kent County), Chestertown — War of 1812 Memorial
To honor those of Kent County who fought so valiantly during the War of 1812 — Map (db m106884) WM
Maryland (Kent County), Galena — A Heavy PriceStar Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
British Rear Admiral George Cockburn noted Georgetown and Fredericktown “were Places of some…Importance,” and the Sassafras the only upper river “I had not examined and cleared.” He led his full force toward the villages May . . . — Map (db m90695) WM
Maryland (Kent County), Rock Hall — Clever RuseStar-Spangled Banner National Historical Trail — War of 1812
Lieutenant Colonel Philip Reed and his Maryland militia allegedly tried to fool British Troops at anchor off the Chester River. He directed his small force of cavalry to ferry back and forth between mainland and Eastern Neck Island, hoping British . . . — Map (db m80652) HM
Maryland (Somerset County), Princess Anne — University of Maryland Eastern ShorePrincess Anne
Located in Princess Anne, Somerset County, the University of Maryland Eastern Shore celebrates a rich African-American history. This historically black, land-granted doctoral degree granting institution was founded on September 13, 1886 as the . . . — Map (db m66563) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), St. Mary's City — The St. Mary’s ChapelMaryland’s First Brick Church
The St. Mary’s Chapel, built about 1667, was Maryland’s first major brick building. The structure was built in the form of a cross, 55 feet long and 57 feet wide at the arms of the cross. In frontier Maryland, where most settlers lived in humble . . . — Map (db m94324) HM
Maryland (Talbot County), St. Michaels — Point Lookout Fog Bell TowerChesapeake Bay Maritime Museum
When fog hides a lighthouse’s beacon, sailors need an audible signal to guide them. So a fog tower containing a bell was frequently built alongside a lighthouse. Large bells, such as the 1100 pound bell in this tower, were used because their sound . . . — Map (db m61483) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Sping — Clear Spring Veterans Memorial
This memorial is dedicated to all those who have served honorably in the armed forces of the United States of America. The citizens of Clear Spring, Maryland area thank you and your families for your service and sacrifice. — Map (db m67350) WM
Maryland (Washington County), Hancock — The Historic Bowles HouseHancock Visitor Center — Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park
Built in the 1780’s this farm house witnessed the arrival of the C&O Canal in the mid-1830’s. Located at the east side of Hancock, the house residents catered to canawlers who passed through Lock 52 and the Tonoloway Aqueduct, selling goods and . . . — Map (db m61164) HM
Maryland (Worcester County), Ocean City — British Manufactured Cannon12 pounder-circa 1750
This cannon was most likely acquired by an American private armed vessel during the Revolutionary War or the War of 1812. It was uncovered in the 1980’s by a developer in front of a warehouse in the Fells Point area of Baltimore, MD. A common . . . — Map (db m66531) HM
Massachusetts (Hampshire County), Florence — The Florence Eagles
The Florence Eagles were once one of the legendary teams of early baseball history. In 1865, as the Civil War drew to a close, the Army of the Potomac had its own championship team composed mainly of youths from Western Massachusetts. One of the . . . — Map (db m65746) HM
Massachusetts (Middlesex County), Lowell — The Rule of the Bell
High above the courtyard of the Boott Cotton Mills stands a clock tower, crowned by a street bell. The bells chimed six times each day, summoning workers to and from their machines. In the new industrial cities of America, the factory bell replaced . . . — Map (db m66203) HM
Missouri (Greene County), Brookline — Missouri State GuardSons of Confederate Veterans
This monument is respectfully dedicated to the men of the Missouri State Guard. The legally established militia of the state who first took up arms in 1861, and marching and fighting under the blue battle flag of their beloved Missouri. Did their . . . — Map (db m61751) HM
Missouri (Madison County), Fredericktown — Fredericktown
Side One Here in the southern extent of Missouri’s historic southeast Lead Belt, Fredericktown was laid out on Saline Creek, 1819, by state legislator Nathaniel Cook. Commissioners T. F. Tong, Joseph Bennett, James Dotson, John Burditt, and . . . — Map (db m61715) HM
Nebraska (Seward County), Milford — Purple Heart TrailFreedom is not free
The Purple Heart medal was originated by General George Washington on August 7, 1782 for distinguished valor and is now awarded only to members of the armed forces of the United States who have been wounded in combat against an armed . . . — Map (db m92535) WM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Franconia — Franconia Notch State Park
This 6,500 acre park is often called the Flagship of the New Hampshire state park system.

Called a "mountainous defile" by early settlers and travelers, this valley today is one of America's great parks. Some two million people from all over . . . — Map (db m76423) HM

New Hampshire (Grafton County), Holderness — 039 — Samuel Livermore1732-1803
Proprietor of more than half the Town of Holderness, this jurist, congressman and senator was New Hampshire’s first attorney general and second chief justice. In 1788 he spurred the State’s approval of the proposed Federal Constitution, thus . . . — Map (db m74570) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Plymouth — Rotary AmphitheaterPlymouth Riverfront Park
Constructed by the Plymouth Rotary as a gift to the community, this space is intended as a celebration of our natural beauty and as a place for the enjoyment of good times together. — Map (db m65880) HM
New Hampshire (Sullivan County), Cornish — 076 — Salmon Portland Chase1808 - 1873
In this house was born Salmon P. Chase, U.S. Senator from Ohio (1849-55), Governor of Ohio (1855-59), a founder of the Republican Party and leader in the anti-slavery movement. After serving as Secretary of the Treasury in Lincoln’s Cabinet, he was . . . — Map (db m74587) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Linwood — Friends Meeting House and Burying Ground
Across this driveway stood the old Quaker (Friends) meeting house and school.

At the monthly meeting of the Friends dated Jan. 1, 1731, it was concluded that “ye meeting for worship shall be removed from John Sculls (house) and shall . . . — Map (db m92416) HM

New Jersey (Atlantic County), Northfield — Jeremiah Leeds Grave
Jeremiah Leeds settled on Absecon Beach in 1783. The first permanent settler in what is now Atlantic City. — Map (db m92426) HM
New Jersey (Atlantic County), Somers Point — Getting Around Somers Point
Due to its location on the water, this area has historically been a transportation hub. In 1717, John Somers, Supervisor of Roads for Cape May County, began work on the Nacote Trail. Now known as Shore Road, it connects Somers Point with Port . . . — Map (db m64291) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Mahwah — The Cleveland Bridge1888
Named for U.S. President Grover Cleveland of N.J., it replaced an 1840’s wooden bridge that served the extensive timber industry in the Ramapo Mountains. Constructed by the Berlin Iron Bridge Co., East Berlin, Conn., the major iron bridge builders . . . — Map (db m94641) HM
New Jersey (Burlington County), Browns Mills — A Million Dollar ResourcePinelands National Reserve
Wild cranberry plants prefer low fields, meadows, bogs, and stream banks. Native Americans used the berries for food, medicinal purposes and dyes. In fact, they gave cranberries to the first European settlers as a sign of peace. Two centuries later, . . . — Map (db m64174) HM
New Jersey (Burlington County), Burlington — Engine of Industrial ProgressThe Historic City of Burlington-Industry
As soon as Europeans settled in the historical port City of Burlington, tanneries, breweries, and other small enterprises arose to serve local inhabitants and neighbors. This entrepreneurial spirit embraced the emerging Industrial Revolution, and by . . . — Map (db m79548) HM
New Jersey (Burlington County), Indian Mills — Sawmill
Site of sawmill in operation for more than two centuries. Had been site of original Indian sawmill. Operations ceased in early 1900's. — Map (db m79482) HM
New Jersey (Burlington County), Moorestown — Lutheran Home
This home was built in 1894 by Samuel L. Allen, inventor of the Flexible Flyer sled and the Planet Junior Plow.

In 1920 it was purchased and refurbished by Eldridge R. Johnson, founder and president of the Victor Talking Machine Company, . . . — Map (db m79567) HM

New Jersey (Burlington County), Mt. Laurel — Mt. Laurel Potters Field
In 1743, John Penn deeded to Evesham Twp. this one acre of land for "strangers deceased, therein, Negro slaves, and poor...for evermore." — Map (db m79416) HM
New Jersey (Burlington County), Shamong — Atsion MansionWharton State Forest-Pinelands National Reserve
The imposing, classically-inspired Atsion mansion was the height of fashion when Samuel Richards built it in 1826. Sited on a rise, it overlooked both the ironworks and lake that served as a mill pond to provide water power to the village. The . . . — Map (db m79531) HM
New Jersey (Burlington County), Tabernacle — JR.O.U.A.M.
Hall built 1874 by Order St. Mechanics, became Junior Order United American Mechanics No. 49. Given to Township 1960. — Map (db m79467) HM
New Jersey (Camden County), Cherry Hill — Samuel Colesc. 1635-1693
. . . — Map (db m79599) HM
New Jersey (Cumberland County), Bivalve — Steps to Harvest Oysters and Bring to MarketMarker #2
5. Oysters were counted into bushel baskets. 6. Bushels were consolidated into sacks or barrels. 7. Sacks or barrels were wheeled on hand trucks through the alley way and were loaded into the awaiting boxcars. Shucking The practice of . . . — Map (db m64393) HM
New Jersey (Cumberland County), Bivalve — The Schooner AJ Meerwald
The Schooner AJ MEERWALD is on the National and New Jersey Registers of Historic Places and is representative of an important vessel type, the “new style” Jersey oyster schooner. The “old style” schooner had a clipper bow . . . — Map (db m64340) HM
New Jersey (Cumberland County), Bridgeton — Old Broad Street Presbyterain Church
Old Broad Street Presbyterian Church was constructed in the meeting house form, rectangular in plan, with the pulpit placed on the north gable end wall and a U-shaped balcony on the other sides. The north elevation, facing Broad Street, is the . . . — Map (db m64508) HM
New Jersey (Essex County), Newark — Newark Female Charitable SocietyWomen’s Heritage Trail
Founded in 1803, the Newark Charitable Society (now called the Newark Day Center) is one of the oldest social service agencies in the United States. After a plea from the pulpit of Old First Presbyterian Church, “Your neighbor is suffering, . . . — Map (db m94573) HM
New Jersey (Gloucester County), Swedesboro — Trinity ChurchProtestant Episcopal Swedesboro N.J,
Founded by the Swedes before 1700. First Church built 1703. Present Church built 1784. Admitted to the Convention 1792. — Map (db m79408) HM
New Jersey (Middlesex County), Cranbury — Parsonage Barn
This circa 1741 barn is the oldest in Cranbury and one of the oldest in New Jersey. It is a significant example of barn construction of the 18th century with its beams being hand hewn from white oak. Originally part of the Parsonage Plantation of . . . — Map (db m93829) HM
New Jersey (Middlesex County), Spotswood — Spotswood’s 1832 Camden & Amboy Railroad Memorial
The Camden & Amboy Railroad reached Spotswood in 1832 being built from Bordentown to South Amboy.

Based on British practice, stone “sleepers” were used to act as the foundation for the rails; quarries near New York’s Sing Sing . . . — Map (db m93880) HM

New Jersey (Morris County), Boonton — Decker-Kincaid Homestead
This 1785 house has an 1837 wing built by forge owner John Decker featuring spoon-worked plaster walls and an enigmatic folk art face wall painting. Land preservationist Oscar Kincaid, Jr. lived here. The Kincaid family operated the farmstand from . . . — Map (db m91199) HM
New Jersey (Morris County), Lincoln Park — Morris Canal1824 1924
National Register Landmark-Canal crossed Pompton River on an aqueduct just north of here — Map (db m91567) HM
New Jersey (Morris County), Victory Gardens — Victory Gardens Borough
Youngest and smallest municipality in Morris County. Incorporated in 1951 after separation from Randolph Township. Originated as Federal Housing Project for local defense workers during World War II. — Map (db m91507) HM WM
New Jersey (Ocean County), Toms River — Elizabeth Sculthorp ForceWomen’s Heritage Trail — Teacher and Social Reformer
Elizabeth Schulthorp Force (1902-2007) brought national fame to Toms River Schools and community with courses in Family Relationships and Social Behavior, designed and taught by her to local high school students from 1942 to 1957. News of both her . . . — Map (db m92452) HM
New Jersey (Salem County), Daretown — Pittsgrove Church
Founded in 1741, first Presbyterian Church in present Salem County. Its boarding school was important in the 1780's. — Map (db m88489) HM
New Jersey (Salem County), Salem — New Johnson Hall
Built in 1806, was the residence of Col. Robert Gibbon Johnson, historian, agriculturist and champion of "New Jersey tomatoes." — Map (db m88491) HM
New Jersey (Somerset County), South Bound Brook — Ukrainian American Veterans Memorial
Dedicated to all Ukrainian American men and women who have served in the United States Armed Forces. — Map (db m94088) WM
New Mexico (Torrance County), Mountainair — Abo RuinsSalinas Pueblo Misson National Monument
In English: Crossroads In the 17th century, an ancient trade route that linked the Rio Grande to the Great Plains shared this fragile mountain valley with a bustling pueblo full of people who spoke Tompiro. When a single Spanish . . . — Map (db m62066) HM
North Carolina (Avery County), Crossnore — N 44 — Crossnore School
Founded by Mary Martin Sloop, physician, 1913, to serve region's youth. Weaving Room, est. 1920, boosted revival of handicrafts. Campus ½ mi. W. — Map (db m77493) HM
North Carolina (Craven County), New Bern — Attmore-Oliver HouseUnder the Stars & Bars
Like many other North Carolinians, New Bern’s residents enjoyed close economic and family ties with the North and were reluctant to leave the Union. Once the war began, however, many North Carolinians passionately supported the Confederate cause: . . . — Map (db m76993) HM
North Carolina (Craven County), New Bern — C 14 — George E. Badger
Secretary of the Navy, 1841; United States Senator, 1846-55; judge of the superior court; staunch nationalist. Birthplace was 80yds S. — Map (db m76991) HM
North Carolina (Craven County), New Bern — New Bern Battlefield Park
New Bern Historical Society welcomes you to the New Bern Battlefield Park 300 Battlefield Parkway, New Bern, NC 28562 Here you will find pristinely preserved Confederate defensive earthworks on the 27 acres owned by the New Bern . . . — Map (db m77010) HM
North Carolina (Craven County), New Bern — C 39 — Political Duel
John Stanly killed Richard Dobbs Spaight, former Governor of North Carolina, in a duel near this spot, September 5, 1802. — Map (db m76974) HM
North Carolina (Dare County), Rodanthe — Chicamacomico Life-Saving Station
Historic Site & Museum National Register of Historic Places — Map (db m76757)
North Carolina (Haywood County), Waynesville — Thomas's Resting PlaceGreenhill Cemetery
Col. William Holland Thomas (February 5, 1805-May 10, 1893) is among the Confederate officers and soldiers buried here in Greenhill Cemetery. His grave is located about thirty yards in front of you on the right. Thomas, who began trading with . . . — Map (db m75487) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — F 15 — CSS Neuse
Confederate ironclad, built at Whitehall and floated down the Neuse. Grounded and burned by Confederates in 1865. Remains one block N. — Map (db m70451) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — Starr's BatteryHarriet's Chapel Battlefield Park — Battle of Kinston Military Park
In front of you is the position held by Capt. Joseph B. Starr’s Battery. Starr’s Battery defended this position against the Union advance on December 14. Finally, his ammunition exhausted, Starr withdrew across the Neuse River. Capt. Starr had . . . — Map (db m70441) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — The Confederate Defenses of KinstonHarriet's Chapel Battlefield Park — Battle of Kinston Military Park
Confederate engineers built fortifications around Kinston and along the approaches from New Bern. You can see a portion of these earthworks from the boardwalk. This line of earthworks originally straddled the road to Jones Bridge, which was near the . . . — Map (db m70426) HM
North Carolina (Lenoir County), Kinston — The Union ArtilleryHarriet's Chapel Battlefield Park — Battle of Kinston Military Park
Twenty-four guns of the 3rd New York Artillery supported Gen. Wessells’ infantry as they advanced through the swamp toward the Confederate line. The overwhelming firepower of Union infantry and artillery eventually forced the Confederates to abandon . . . — Map (db m70439) HM
North Carolina (Macon County), Franklin — Dixie HallSurrender Scene
Here stood Dixie Hall, the home of prosperous local merchant Julius T. Siler. A landowner and slaveholder. Siler joined the Confederate army along with about 3,000 other Macon County men and served as the captain of Company E, 6th North Carolina . . . — Map (db m75472) HM
North Carolina (McDowell County), Marion — Roy Williams
National Championship winning college basketball coach for University of North Carolina and Member of Basketball Hall of Fame. Born in 1950 in Marion General Hospital, which stands one block north. — Map (db m77442) HM
North Carolina (New Hanover County), Wilmington — D 96 — North Carolina Shipbuilding Co.
Constructed 243 vessels at shipyard one mile west, 1941-1946. Its first Liberty Ship, the S.S. Zebulon B. Vance, launched Dec. 6, 1941. — Map (db m77135) HM
North Carolina (New Hanover County), Wilmington — Sprunt House1912 — Kenneth M. Murchison of New York Architect
First example of the Italian Renaissance style house in Wilmington built for James Laurence Sprunt (1886-1973), agent for Alexander Sprunt & Son, the world's largest cotton exporter; and wife, Amoret Cameron Price (1891-1915), native of . . . — Map (db m77208) HM
North Carolina (Stokes County), Danbury — Moody TavernStoneman's Headquarters — Confederate Lifeline
Early in April 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman’s cavalry moved from Tennessee into Virginia and then south through Danbury to destroy railroad track, warehouses, and supplies that supported Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. Stoneman . . . — Map (db m77678) HM
North Carolina (Wake County), Raleigh — H 45 — First N.C. State Fair
Sponsored by the State Agricultural Society, the fair was held here, October 18-21, 1853. — Map (db m77829) HM
North Carolina (Warren County), Norlina — E 30 — Trading Path
Colonial trading route, dating from 17th Century, from Petersburg, Virginia, to Catawba and Waxhaw Indians in Carolina passed nearby. — Map (db m69939) HM
Ohio (Brown County), Georgetown — 3-30 — General Thomas Lyon Hamer1800-1846 — Teacher-Lawyer-Congressman-Soldier
Master Mason (1824), Georgetown Lodge No. 72, Free and Accepted Masons. "...Hamer was one of the ablest men Ohio ever produced. I have always believed that had his life been spared, he would have been President of the United States..." . . . — Map (db m70909) HM WM
Ohio (Greene County), Dayton — A Starting DeviceHuffman Prairie Flying Field — Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historic Park
To take off by engine power alone in Dayton’s light winds, the Wright brothers had to lay out as much as 240 feet of wooden rails. If the breeze shifted, the track had to be moved and pegged down again to face the new wind direction. But after . . . — Map (db m67618) HM
Ohio (Montgomery County), Dayton — West SideDayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park
By 1900 Dayton’s West Side was a thriving neighborhood of working-class homes and small businesses. Some residents commuted to downtown Dayton by streetcar. Others, like Wilbur and Orville Wright, lived and worked in this community. The . . . — Map (db m67584) HM
Ohio (Portage County), Rootstown — 4-67 — Ephraim Root
Ephraim Root (1762-1825), a wealthy Connecticut lawyer, was one of 57 investors in the Connecticut Land Company and served as its secretary and agent. In 1795, this group purchased three million acres of land in the Western Reserve. Root held . . . — Map (db m67457) HM
Ohio (Stark County), Canton — The Saxton HouseHome of Ida Saxton McKinley — First Ladies National Historic Site
This house was built by George Dewalt ca 1840. A substantial section was then added CA 1870 by son-in-law James Saxton, father of Ida Saxton McKinley and son of John Saxton (founder of the Canton Repository). This was the home of Ida prior to her . . . — Map (db m67414) HM
Ohio (Stark County), Magnolia — 4-76 — Magnolia CemeteryJoe E. Hastings World War II Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient
Burial site of Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient Private First Class Joe R. Hastings, U.S. Army, World War II. Hastings, the squad leader of a light machinegun section in Company C. 386th Infantry, 97th Infantry Division, displayed conspicuous . . . — Map (db m62753) WM
Ohio (Warren County), Franklin — 13-83 — The Mackinaw Historic District
Most of the homes in this district were constructed after the creation of the Mackinaw Development Corporation in 1887. The corporation was named for the Cincinnati, Jackson, and Mackinaw Railroad which arrived in Franklin from Darke County in 1886. . . . — Map (db m67652) HM
Oregon (Josephine County), Sunny Valley — Grave Creek Ranch1851 - 1918 — Grave Creek Covered Bridge Historical Site
This covered bridge is the one remaining covered bridge in Josephine County. It was constructed by Elmer J. Nelson in 1920 as part of the new Pacific Highway project at a cost of $21,128.65. It was built on Josephine County’s first donation land . . . — Map (db m63153) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Crater Lake — Before the CollapseMount Mazama — Crater Lake National Park
When Mt. Mazama collapsed about 6,800 years ago, it left behind evidences of its former self. Like X-ray photos the steep caldera walls reveal the interior of Mt. Mazama before its fall. From this point several pre-collapse volcanic features can be . . . — Map (db m63119) HM
Pennsylvania (Bedford County), Schellsburg — Over the SummitLincoln Highway Heritage Corridor
Even when blessed with good roads and good weather, crossing the Alleghenies on the Lincoln Highway was a challenge for the early motorist. Steep grades and winding roads resulted in overheated engines and severe cases of vertigo. Entrepreneurs . . . — Map (db m61117) HM
Pennsylvania (Berks County), Boyertown — Boyertown Burial Casket Company
Established here in 1893 by C.A. Mory and Associates, it was among the largest casket manufacturers in the world and earliest traded on the N.Y. and Phila. stock exchanges. The company secured numerous patents for innovative improvements and designs . . . — Map (db m84547) HM
Pennsylvania (Berks County), Boyertown — Carl A. Spaatz(1891-1974)
Aviation pioneer Spaatz was a 1914 graduate of West Point and a pilot in France in World War I. He rose to the rank of brigadier general in 1940 and general in 1945. During World War II he commanded the US 8th Air Force and the US Strategic Air . . . — Map (db m84545) HM
Pennsylvania (Berks County), Reading — Union Canal
This canal was operated from 1828-1884. It connected the Schuylkill at Reading with the Susquehanna at Middletown. Remains of tow path can be seen .3 mile southeast of here, along the Tulpehocken Creek. — Map (db m84506) HM
Pennsylvania (Bradford County), Wysox — Major General John Sullivan’s MarchPassing through Wesauking
This stone commemorates the passing through Wesauking on August 9, and October 4, 1779 o Major General John Sullivan and his troops in the military expedition against the Six Nations.

“The glorious achievements we have exhibited in . . . — Map (db m90344) WM

Pennsylvania (Bucks County), Doylestown — W. Atlee Burpee(1858-1915)
Founder at age 18 of the seed company bearing his name. At Fordhook Farm nearby, he developed Golden Bantam Corn, Bush Lima Beans, Iceberg Lettuce, & other plant varieties. He gave this park to the Borough in honor of his wife Blanche. — Map (db m86319) HM
Pennsylvania (Bucks County), Warminster — Johnsville Naval Air Development Center
This site was acquired by the U.S. Navy during World War II from the Brewster Aircraft Corporation; it served as a strategic locale for weapons development and testing of modern aircraft. Later, it was a training facility for America's Mercury, . . . — Map (db m86385) HM
Pennsylvania (Chester County), Marshalton — Humphry Marshall(1722~1801)
One of the first nurserymen in the nation and the author of the first book on North American trees and shrubs. Arbustum Americanum: The American Grove. Marshall is known as the Father of American Dendrology. He regularly supplied native . . . — Map (db m82071) HM
Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), Shippensburg — Shippensburg
Founded 1730 by Edward Shippen. Second oldest town in the state west of the Susquehanna River. Important community on colonial frontier. Temporary seat of Cumberland Co., whose first courts were held here in 1750-51. — Map (db m84019) HM
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Dauphin — Fort Hunter History
Prior to European settlement this land was inhabited by the Susquehannock and Delaware Indian tribes.

*Around 1750 Samuel Hunter married the widow Catherine Chambers and settled here to run her gristmill.

*The Fort at Hunter’s Mill or Fort . . . — Map (db m85934) HM

Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — Trailblazers1839-1873 — Short Street
The second Bethel AME Church opened on Short Street on November 24, 1839. Bethel’s first pastors-Reverend Levin Lee (ca. 1833-1843), Reverend T.M.D. Ward (1843-1845), and Reverend Abraham Cole (1846-ca.1854) --- each helped increase interest in the . . . — Map (db m85917) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Chambersburg — Gettysburg Campaign
General Albert G. Jenkins' brigade of Southern cavalry entered Chambersburg on June 15, 1863, in advance of the main invasion force, and later led the invading army, June 22-24. General Robert E. Lee entered Chambersburg on June 26. — Map (db m84013) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Marklesburg — Martin G. Brumbaugh
Governor of the State, 1915-19, outstanding educator, was born near here April 14, 1862. Superintendent county schools, 1884-90. Juniata College president, 1895-1906; 1924-30. Died Mar. 14, 1930. Buried in Valley View Cemetery — Map (db m90789) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Koonsville — Warriors Path
This Indian path intersects here. It led from the Great Island (Lock Haven) past the Indian town of Muncy, and then it followed the gap between these mountains to join the Great Warriors Path at Shickshinny. This path was used by Count Zinzendorf in . . . — Map (db m90614) HM
Pennsylvania (Luzerne County), Wilkes-Barre — Wilkes-Barre
Laid out 1770 by a group of Connecticut settlers, on land claimed by that state. Seat of "County of Westmoreland," erected 1776. Near here took place the Wyoming Massacre, 1778, and the "Pennamite Wars" of 1769-72 and 1784. — Map (db m90612) HM
Pennsylvania (Monroe County), East Stroudsburg — Daniel Brodhead
Settled here about 1738. Founder of the town, first called Dansbury. Lived here until 1755. His son Daniel became a Revolutionary War leader and later the State Surveyor General. — Map (db m86985) HM
Pennsylvania (Monroe County), Stroudsburg — Delaware Water GapResort Point Overlook
Welcome to Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area. This unit of the National Park system stretches along both sides of the middle Delaware River for 40 miles from Milford in the north to the scenic Water Gap in the south. The park has places to . . . — Map (db m87136) HM
Pennsylvania (Monroe County), Tannersville — Sullivan Expedition Against the Iroquois Indians, 1779
Learned's Tavern-The last house on the frontier. The end of the second day's march June 19, 1779. Distance 16 miles. — Map (db m86936) HM
Pennsylvania (Montgomery County), Lafayette Hill — St. Peter's Church
Lutheran, founded 1752 by Henry Melchior Muhlenberg. From steeple of original church, May 20, 1778, Gen. Lafayette gave orders for battle against British in old churchyard. Here he organized his famous retreat to Matson Ford, saving himself and 2200 . . . — Map (db m84855) HM
Pennsylvania (Montgomery County), Norristown — Rittenhouse Observatory
700 feet N.E. of this memorial stood the log cabin from which David Rittenhouse observed the transit of Venus June 3, 1769. Permission to use this site was given by Herbert T. Ballard, owner of this property. — Map (db m84849) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — America's First Lager
In 1840, John Wagner brought lager yeast from his native Bavaria and brewed the nation's first lager beer. Later, other German immigrants began brewing lagers, which soon became popular & promoted growth of America's brewing industry — Map (db m82643) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Baker Bowl National League Park
The Phillies' baseball park from its opening in 1887 until 1938. Rebuilt 1895; hailed as nation's finest stadium. Site of first World Series attended by U.S. President, 1915; Negro League World Series, 1924-26; Babe Ruth's last major league game, . . . — Map (db m82907) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Berean Institute
Founded in 1899 by Rev. Matthew Anderson, pastor of Berean Presbyterian Church and founder of Berean Savings Association, this school taught Blacks skilled trades not available elsewhere. Later the curriculum was expanded to meet changing student . . . — Map (db m82507) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Central Library
Opened on June 2, 1927, the Central Library was designed in the Beaux Arts style by Horace Trumbauer & Julian Francis Abele. It was built to serve as the main building of the Free Library of Philadelphia, chartered in 1891. — Map (db m82524) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Ebenezer Don Carlos Bassett(1833-1908)
Educator and diplomat. Bassett was principal, Institute for Colored Youth, 1857-69. He was U.S. minister to Haiti, 1869-77; appointed by President Grant, he was the first African-American to receive a diplomatic post. Here he lived his last years — Map (db m82492) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — ENIAC
ENIAC, the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer, was invented by J. Presper Eckert and John W. Mauchly. It was built here at the University of Pennsylvania in 1946. The invention of this first all-purpose digital computer signaled the birth . . . — Map (db m82475) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Frances E.W. Harper(1825-1911)
An author, lecturer, and social activist. Harper lived here and devoted her life to championing the rights of slaves and free Blacks. She advocated education as a way of advancement for Black Americans. — Map (db m81656) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Giannini Family
Acclaimed operatic family. Father, tenor Ferruccio (1868-1948), sung on first disc, 1896. Daughter Dusolina (1900-86) was a Metropolitan Opera soprano. Son Vittoria (1903-66) was a composer & taught at Curtis Institute an Juilliard. Resided here. — Map (db m81637) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — John W. Coltrane(1926-1967)
A pioneering African-American jazz musician, composer, saxophonist. Coltrane used African and Indian elements to create a distinctive style which at first shocked audiences but ultimately gained wide acceptance. He lived here, 1952-1958. — Map (db m82490) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Mathew Carey(1760-1839)
An Irish Catholic who emigrated to Philadelphia in 1784, Carey was a prominent printer and publisher and prolific writer. He was an influential political economist and nationalist, promoting the purchase of American goods over imports, a strong . . . — Map (db m83443) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — The German Society of Pennsylvania
The oldest German American organization in the US was founded Dec. 26, 1764, in Philadelphia to provide legal aid, welfare, and language support to German immigrants. Its library, containing one of the nation’s largest German collections, is used by . . . — Map (db m82639) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — The Great ElmPenn Treaty Park
The great elm of Shackamaxon is the site under which William Penn and the Delaware Indians are traditionally said to have made the Great Treaty in 1682. Since that time, the Legend and history of the celebrated event have generated admiration for . . . — Map (db m83426) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Tommy Loughran(1902-1982)
World Light Heavyweight Champion from 1927 to 1929. He boxed during the "Golden Age of Boxing" in many weight classes, besting 10 champs in his 18-year career. The "Philly Phantom" had a scientific style, built on precision and maneuverability . . . — Map (db m81590) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — U.S.S. United States
First vessel completed for new U.S. Navy. Frigate was launched near here May 10, 1797. Flagship of Capt. John Barry; builder was Joshua Humphreys. In 1812, under Capt. Stephen Decatur, Jr., occurred its celebrated capture of H.M.S. Macedonian. . . . — Map (db m83452) HM
Pennsylvania (Somerset County), Stoystown — Flight 93 National MemorialOverlooking History — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
The Western Overlook is where the world first came to make sense of the story of Flight 93. On September 12 and for days after, the media lined up along the ridge on the left of this overlook, broadcasting images of the crash site area across the . . . — Map (db m61149) HM
Pennsylvania (Sullivan County), Laporte — Sullivan County Veterans Memorial
In honor of all past, present and future veterans of Sullivan County, in grateful memory of those who made the ultimate sacrifice for the freedom of our country and to show appreciation to the common men and women who answer the call and rise to . . . — Map (db m90010) WM
Pennsylvania (Tioga County), Wellsboro — Pine CreekGrand Canyon of Pennsylvania
The Indians called Pine Creek “Tiadaghton,” which meant river of pines. These now-gone pines brought drastic changes to Pine Creek.

Logging began in the 1800s. Before the logging, the thick soil held rainwater like a sponge. It . . . — Map (db m93076) HM

Pennsylvania (Westmoreland County), Jeannette — AmbushBushy Run Battlefield
Col. Bouquet’s army left Ligonier on August 4th, 1763, and made twelve miles progress before stopping to camp along the road. On August 5th, Bouquet resumed his march and proceeded to within one mile of Bushy Run Station when Native Americans . . . — Map (db m67382) HM WM
Puerto Rico (San Juan Municipality), San Juan — What About Water?¿De Dónde Viene el Agua?
On a small island surrounded by the sea, where would hundreds of soldiers get water to drink? They had to collect rainwater.

Most of Castillo San Cristobal’s water was stored directly beneath your feet. The masonry cylinders in front of you . . . — Map (db m60047) HM

South Carolina (Greenwood County), Ninety Six — The Stockade FortNinety Six National Historic Site
The British built this “stockade fort on the right” in 1781 on property owned by James Holmes, a Loyalist, to protect the garrison’s water supply. An irregular fortification built around a barn and several out building, the stockade . . . — Map (db m99687) HM
South Dakota (Shannon County), Wounded Knee — Chief Big Foot Massacre Monument
This monument erected by surviving relatives and other Ogallala and Cheyenne River Sioux Indians in memory of the Chief Big Foot Massacre December 29, 1890. Col. Forsyth was in command of the U.S. Troops. Big Foot was a great chief of the Sioux . . . — Map (db m108547) WM
Tennessee (Coffee County), Manchester — Tullahoma CampaignJune 24-July 4, 1862 — The Confederate War Industry
When Manchester was founded in the late 18th century, local lore has it that the town, named for Manchester, England, was destined to become an American version of this powerful industrial city. The Duck River falls, it was noted, would provide an . . . — Map (db m75355) HM
Tennessee (Davidson County), Nashville — Belle Meade Farm Freedom
In 1865 one hundred thirty six (136) enslaved men, women, and children at Belle Meade Farm gained their freedom. With this freedom they gained the right to choose where they would live and work. Seventy-two (72) farm workers continued under the . . . — Map (db m68986) HM
Tennessee (Dyer County), Dyersburg — Dyer County in the WarA Scoured Countryside
At least fifteen Confederate companies were formed in Dyer County, including Capt. Otho F. Strahl’s Co. K, 4th Tennessee Infantry, and Capt. Tyree H. Bell’s Co. B, 12th Tennessee Infantry. Both men rose to the rank of brigadier general. Strahl was . . . — Map (db m74634) HM
Tennessee (Giles County), Pulaski — 3F 26 — John Adams
Born in Nashville, July 1, 1825, he served as an officer of the First Dragoons following graduation from the Military Academy in 1846. Resigning at Secession, he rose to command a brigade in the Confederate Army of Tennessee. He was killed leading . . . — Map (db m75153) HM
Tennessee (Greene County), Greeneville — Andrew Johnson and Eliza Johnson Grave MarkerAndrew Johnson National Cemetery
Andrew Johnson Seventeenth President of the United States. Born Dec. 29, 1808, died July 31, 1875. His faith in the people never wavered. Eliza Johnson, born Oct. 4, 1810, died Jan. 15, 1876. In memory of our father and mother. — Map (db m93079) HM
Tennessee (Greene County), Mosheim — Pottertown Bridge BurnersUnionists Pay the Ultimate Price
When Tennessee left the Union in June 1861, Greene County was a hotbed of divided loyalties. Several Unionists, who crafted multi-colored earthenware pottery which is still highly valued, were among the occupants of the nearby community named . . . — Map (db m81629) HM
Tennessee (Hamilton County), Chattanooga — 1838 Cherokee Removal & Trail of Tears
In May 1836, the United States Senate ratified the Treaty of New Echota by the margin of a single vote and set in motion the forcible removal of the Cherokee nation to the west. In 1838, the U.S. Government removed more than 16,000 Cherokee and . . . — Map (db m69239) HM
Tennessee (Hamilton County), Chattanooga — Medal of Honor Heritage TrailMissionary Ridge - November - 1863
General William T. Sherman brought his army to Chattanooga from Memphis and Mississippi. As soon as the army arrived, he led them over a pontoon bridge to Moccasin Bend and behind Stringer’s Ridge to make the Confederates think he was going to . . . — Map (db m104133) HM
Tennessee (Jackson County), Gainesboro — Cumberland River CampaignBurning of Old Columbus
North of this marker lies the site of Old Columbus, once an important landing on the Cumberland River. In the winter of 1863–1864, the war had disastrous consequences for this river village. Late in December 1863, Gen. Ulysses . . . — Map (db m68344) HM
Tennessee (Loudon County), Loudon — Loudon Railroad BridgeStrategic Crossing
The covered wooden bridge of the East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad here on the Tennessee River was a strategically significant crossing for rail traffic between Richmond and Chattanooga. The Confederacy especially relied on the railroad for troop . . . — Map (db m82222) HM
Tennessee (Maury County), Spring Hill — 3D 73 — Confederate Attacks at Spring HillNovember 29, 1864
On November 29, 1864, General Nathan B. Forrest approached Spring Hill from the east at 11:30 a.m. From here, General James Chalmers launched an attack to seize the Columbia-Nashville Pike to the west. Surprised by strong Union forces, Chalmers was . . . — Map (db m75085) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Madisonville — Monroe County Courthouse
Monroe County was established 1819; Named in honor of President James Monroe. From 1819-1830 the Courthouse was in private homes. The first courthouse was built on this site in 1830 and burned in 1833. The second courthouse was . . . — Map (db m82275) HM
Tennessee (Monroe County), Vonore — Welcome to Fort Loudoun State Historic AreaFort Loudoun (1756-1760)
Fort Loudoun played a significant role in helping Great Britain secure the trans-Appalachian region from France during the Seven Years War, or as it is known in America, the French and Indian War. As the first planned British fort in the "Overhill" . . . — Map (db m75423) HM
Tennessee (Overton County), Livingston — Heart of ControversyBethlehem United Methodist Church
In 1861, as the secession debate raged across Tennessee, Mary Catherine Sproul taught school here on the church grounds. She was excited to learn that pro-Union leader Horace Maynard would give a speech in Livingston. Then she overheard local . . . — Map (db m82305) HM
Tennessee (Pickett County), Travisville — 2C 17 — Affair at Travisville
In the first military action in Tennessee during the Civil War, Union troops of the 1st Kentucky Cavalry and the Home Guards of Houstonville Cavalry attacked a Confederate encampment at Travisville on September 29, 1861. The 100 Confederate troops . . . — Map (db m74251) HM
Tennessee (Robertson County), Adams — Adams War Memorial
Dedicated to the honor and sacrifice of our men and women who served our country.

PVT Oscar Porter, WWI • USN1 Lester Whitehead, WWII • Tech/4 George R. Walling WWII • PFC Mack D. Cavender Korea • LCPL Russell B. Corbin, Jr. Vietnam • PFC Clifton . . . — Map (db m107592) WM

Tennessee (Robertson County), Adams — 3C 66 — Renfroe's Station
Established in 1780 as the first settlement in Montgomery County. Renfroe’s Station was located 1.4 miles northwest of here on the north side of the Red River at the mouth of Parson’s Creek. Moses Renfroe’s party broke from the John Donelson . . . — Map (db m68635) HM
Tennessee (Robertson County), Springfield — Guarding SpringfieldThe Federal Occupation
Early in the war, townswomen met at the Henry H. Kirk house, just north of here, to sew uniforms and blankets for Confederate soldiers after Kirk bought sewing machines and patterns in St. Louis, Missouri. When the 9th Pennsylvania Cavalry hoisted . . . — Map (db m82330) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Illinois MonumentMemphis National Cemetery
When President Abraham Lincoln called for volunteers to defend the life of our imperiled nation, these valiant sons of Illinois together with other heroes, offered their lives with patriotism unsurpassed. With unflinching bravery they fought . . . — Map (db m61800) WM
Tennessee (Sullivan County), Blountville — The Cannonball HouseNarrowly Missed Destruction
You are standing in front of the Miller-Haynes house, known as the Cannonball House because of structural damage it sustained from Union cannon fire during the Battle of Blountville on September 22, 1863. During the artillery exchanges, Confederate . . . — Map (db m69805) HM
Tennessee (Tipton County), Covington — 4E 87 — Charles B. Simonton
A lifelong resident of Tipton County, Charles Bryson Simonton (1838-1911) was educated at Erskine College and, while serving as Captain, 9th Tennessee Infantry, C.S.A was wounded at the Battle of Perryville, Ky. He was an educator, lawyer, state . . . — Map (db m74696) HM
Tennessee (Tipton County), Covington — Last Speech of General Nathan Bedford ForrestSeptember 22, 1876, Covington, Tennessee
Soldiers of the Seventh Tennessee Cavalry, ladies and gentlemen: I name the soldiers first because I love them the best. I am extremely pleased to meet with you here today. I love the gallant men and women with whom I was so intimately . . . — Map (db m74659) HM
Tennessee (Tipton County), Randolph — Randolph United Methodist Church
Randolph was settled in the early 1800's and became a large river port. Rev. Samuel R. Davidson was appointed the first pastor by the Tennessee Conference in 1834. A congregation formed and built a church. During the Civil War the town was burned. . . . — Map (db m74751) HM
Texas (Travis County), Austin — Southern Confederacy Monument
Top Inscription Southern Confederacy Formed by following states withdrawing from the Union South Carolina December Twentieth Eighteen Hundred and Sixty

Inscription on the base Died for state rights guaranteed . . . — Map (db m96260) WM

Virgin Islands (St Croix), Frederiksted — Oscar E. Henry Customs House
Eighteenth Century Danish Customs House with nineteenth century addition of the 2nd story gallery. Owner is V.I. Government. Little Altered and in good condition. Placed by St. Croix Historic Preservation Commission 2006 — Map (db m60873) HM
Virgin Islands, St John — Boiling Room
Intense heat. Steam rising from huge cauldrons. A foreman shouting to watch the last copper. This empty ruin was once the heart of Annaberg’s sugar operation. Workers ladled the cane juice from kettle to kettle, gradually concentrating and . . . — Map (db m60781) HM
Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington National Cemetery — Tomb of the Unknowns
Under authority of Public Resolution 67, of the 66th Congress, approved March 4, 1921, an unknown American soldier was exhumed from each of the four American cemeteries in France. They were placed in identical caskets and assembled at Chalons Sur . . . — Map (db m61934) HM WM
Virginia, Fredericksburg — The Middle Passage
If the Atlantic were to dry up, it would reveal a scattered pathway of human bones, African bones marking the various routes of the Middle Passage. -Dr. John Henrik Clarke (1915-1998) From 1502 to 1860, the trans-Atlantic slave trade . . . — Map (db m97364) HM
Virginia (James City County), Jamestown — MassachusettsQuadricentennial Plaza — Jamestown Settlement
One of the thirteen original colonies Capital-Boston

A group of zealous Puritans known as the Separatists or “Pilgrims” left England and established a colony at Plymouth in New England in 1620. In 1626, a Puritan settlement was . . . — Map (db m97856) HM

Virginia (James City County), Jamestown — New JerseyQuadricentennial Plaza — Jamestown Settlement
One of the thirteen original colonies Capital-Trenton

Dutch merchants established trade with the Lenape Indians and set up trading posts at present day Jersey City in 1618 and Fort Nassau in 1624. Swedish settlers came to the area in 1638. . . . — Map (db m97834) HM

Virginia (James City County), Jamestown — VirginiaQuadricentennial Plaza — Jamestown Settlement
The first permanent English settlement in North America and the first of the thirteen original colonies. Capital-Richmond

A permanent settlement was established by England’s Virginia Company of London in 1607 under its original charter. In . . . — Map (db m97932) HM

Virginia, Newport News — Heading OutCaptain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail
(panel 1) Looking across the James here on June 2, 1608, you might have seen a strange sight. A large vessel sailed past with a smaller vessel in tow—neither resembling the canoes used by native people on this river. The . . . — Map (db m98385) HM
Virginia (Northampton County), Cape Charles — Concrete ShipsKiptopeke State Park
Placed in 1948 to create a breakwater for the ferry system, these nine World War II-era concrete ships provide a unique habitat for birds and marine life. Due to a steel shortage, these ships were built out of concrete in the early 1940s by . . . — Map (db m98500) HM
Virginia (Northampton County), Cape Charles — Farm to MarketKiptopeke State Park
The Eastern Shore has a rich agricultural history--from large British land grant farms to post-civil war tenant farmers and from large commercial outfits to small organic farms. Agriculture continues to be the largest economic activity on the . . . — Map (db m98668) HM
Virginia, Virginia Beach — Lucius J. Kellam, Jr.Bridge -Tunnel
The dream of a structure bridging the lower Chesapeake Bay to connect Virginia's Eastern Shore with the Mainland of Virginia became a reality with the opening of the Bridge-Tunnel on April 15, 1964. This accomplishment can be attributed to the . . . — Map (db m34862) HM
Virginia (Washington County), Abingdon — Split Rail Fence & The American Chestnut(Castanea dentata)
Split Rail fences were used by early pioneer families to fence in their livestock, to protect their crops from their farm animals, and to mark boundary lines. The fences were constructed out of timber logs which were split into rails. Most split . . . — Map (db m67299) HM
West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Hammond HouseHeadquarters and Hospital
Dr. Allen C. Hammond constructed this Greek Revival-style house about 1838. During the Civil War, both sides used it periodically for a headquarters or a hospital. The war ruined Hammond, a strong Southern sympathizer. In October 1859, Hammond’s . . . — Map (db m72164) HM
West Virginia (Cabell County), Huntington — Battle of GuyandotteFederal Retaliation
After capturing Guyandotte on November 10, 1861, and rounding up civilian Unionists and Federal recruits, Confederate forces under Col. John Clarkson and Col. Albert G. Jenkins began the next day to leave the town with their prisoners. At the same . . . — Map (db m73715) HM
West Virginia (Grant County), Petersburg — Welton Park
The Petersburg Gap is a natural wonder exposing Helderberg limestone and Oriskany sandstone cliffs towering more than 800 feet above the South Branch of the Potomac River. The renowned writer and artist, David Hunter Strother whose pen name was . . . — Map (db m58677) HM
West Virginia (Kanawha County), Charleston — Battle of CharlestonLightburn's Retreat — Jenkins's Raid
(Preface): Confederate Gen. Albert G. Jenkins led 550 cavalrymen on a 500-mile raid from Salt Sulphur Springs, Aug. 22-Sept. 12, 1862, attacking Federal forces and destroying military stores. He captured and paroled 300 Union soldiers, . . . — Map (db m59143) HM
West Virginia (Monongalia County), Morgantown — Fort Pierpont
John Pierpont, Revolutionary soldier and the son-in-law of Zackquill Morgan, built a fort in 1769. Washington was his guest in 1784. Here was born Francis H. Pierpont, who played an important part in the formation of West Virginia. — Map (db m73351) HM
West Virginia (Monroe County), Union — Crook's Occupation of UnionConfederate Union under Federal Control
In May 1864, as Union Gen. George Crook led his force through Union on a Sunday morning after his victory at Cloyd’s Mountain, VA., on May 9, “there was a Sabbath stillness, scarcely anyone to be seen.” Although some of the Federals . . . — Map (db m59262) HM
West Virginia (Upshur County), Cleveland — Kesler's RaidCapture of Upshur County Militia
In September 1863, Confederate Maj. Joseph K. Kesler, 19th Virginia Cavalry, led a raid from Pocahontas County through Upshur County and Centerville (present-day Rock Cave). On September 2, Kesler’s commander, Col. William L. Jackson, ordered him . . . — Map (db m58726) HM
West Virginia (Upshur County), Cleveland — Upshur Militia
While at drill here on Sept. 12, 1863, a company of 70 Upshur County militia under Daniel Gould was captured by a force of Confederates under Major J. K. Kesler. Seven escaped, 25 paroled, and 38 died in captivity. — Map (db m82290) HM
West Virginia (Wood County), Parkersburg — Parkersburg
Blockhouse at "Point" built by Virginia for border defense during the Indian hostilities. Garrisoned by troops under Bogard, Coburn, and others. Still standing in 1803. County seat established in 1800 on land given by John Stokley. — Map (db m73517) HM
Wyoming (Laramie County), Cheyenne — Wyoming’s Wildlife Heritage
Welcome to wonderful Wyoming! As you travel through the state, your visit will be more enjoyable and interesting if you stay alert to one of Wyoming’s most precious treasurers—an abundance and diversity of free ranging wildlife. The wildlife . . . — Map (db m94224) HM

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