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2071 markers matched your search criteria. The first 200 markers are listed. Next 1871
 
Herndon Station With the Three Markers in the Foreground image, Touch for more information
By J. J. Prats
Herndon Station With the Three Markers in the Foreground
District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 18 — Live on Our Stage!Top of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail
When NBC radio and television and its local affiliate, WRC, moved to these new headquarters in 1958, the average TV screen measured 12 inches. The facility opened with six studios—three TV and three radio. Soon history happened here. On . . . — Map (db m47866) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — John J. Pershing, General of the Armies (1860-1948)The Western Front - The Meuse-Argonne Campaign
[Panel 1]: On 6 April 1917, the United States entered World War I. With few regular forces, the task of training and transporting an effective army to fight in France was formidable. The U.S. Navy, acting swiftly to combat the German . . . — Map (db m29593) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — John Witherspoon1722 Scotland – Princeton 1794
  Signer of the Declaration of Independence. Presbyterian Minister. “For my own part, of property I have some reputation more that reputation staked. That property is pledged on the issue of this contest: and although these gray hairs . . . — Map (db m29499) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — 16 — Duke Kahanamoku — Waikīkī Historic Trail
Olympic swimming champion Duke Kahanamoku (1890–1986) spent much of his youth here in Kālia with his mother’s family, the Paoas. The family owned most of the 20 acres which the Hilton Hawaiian Village now occupies. It is said that it was . . . — Map (db m13188) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — First Hawaiian PrintingJanuary 7, 1822
In a grass house near this site High Chief Keeaumoku pulled the first sheet in the presence of Elisha Loomis, Printer; the Reverend Hiram Bingham; and James Hunnewell, Mission benefactor. — Map (db m60945) HM
Indiana (Wayne County), Dublin — 89.2003.1 — Indiana’s First Woman’s Rights Convention
A convention was called for by reform-minded Congregational Friends meeting at Greensboro, Henry County, January 1851. Convention held October 14-15, 1851 at Dublin adopted resolutions for political, social, and financial rights for women. Women and . . . — Map (db m270) HM
Kentucky (Letcher County), Pound Gap — Pound Gap Massacre
About 500 yards southeast of Pound Gap, along the Fincastle Trail (Virginia side) is the location of the infamous “killing rock” where the Mullins’ family and friends were massacred on May 14, 1892. Five people were killed: Ira Mullins, . . . — Map (db m90801) HM
Kentucky (Pike County), Elkhorn City — Russell Fork Overlook — Breaks Interstate Park
Russell Fork originates at the confluence of a number of small streams near Council Virginia. Typical of the Appalachian Plateau, the river valley is narrow and V-shaped. Flash floods are not uncommon. Major tributaries are McClure River and . . . — Map (db m90657) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Jane Frazier
Wife of Lieut. John Frazier was captured by Indians near this spot in October 1755 and taken to the Miami River. She escaped after eighteen months and made her way back to her home. — Map (db m402) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — The First Iron Rails
The first iron rails made in the United States were manufactured in 1844 at Mount Savage. Before that time all iron rails were imported from England. — Map (db m445) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Frostburg — FrostburgThe National Road, Coal and Fancy Hotels
The National Road has sustained Frostburg for almost two centuries. As the road was being surveyed in 1811, Josiah Frost began laying out lots. Businesses, serving passing stagecoaches and wagons, soon lined a developing Main Street. By . . . — Map (db m3553) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Middletown — MiddletownEnemies and Friends — Antietam Campaign 1862
When Gen. Robert E. Lee and part of the Army of Northern Virginia passes through Middletown on September 10–11, 1862, they encountered a chilly reception. The inhabitants of this single-street hamlet on the National Road loved the Union, and . . . — Map (db m21911) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Deer Park — Cleveland Cottage
President Grover Cleveland and his bride, the former Frances Folsom, arrived here the day following their White House wedding on June 2, 1886. They spent their honeymoon at this Deer Park Hotel cottage. — Map (db m470) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Grantsville — GrantsvilleA Heritage of Hospitality
When the National Road came through here in 1815, this settlement was a half mile away along the old Braddock Road. This “New Grantsville” developed just west of the Casselman Bridge, completed a few years earlier. About a dozen . . . — Map (db m477) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Grantsville — Stanton’s Mill
In 1797, Thomas Stanton conveyed water rights to Jesse Tomlinson, and Tomlinson built the first grist mill on the site of Col. Dunbar's 1755 hospital encampment. The mill was prime reason for settlement in this area. In addition to being an . . . — Map (db m438) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), McHenry — Thayer Game Refuge
1029 acres, purchased June 28, 1927, from John O. Thayer; from Hunter's License Fund, for the purpose of propagating game. — Map (db m396) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Oakland — A Bit of History - The Fireside
The large stone fireplace that now stands like a sentinel along the railroad tracks is a solitary reminder of Oakland's colorful hey-day. In the late 1800’s the area from here to the B&O station was a virtual beehive of activity. With twelve . . . — Map (db m488) HM
Maryland (Howard County), Cooksville — Cooksville High School1935-1949
Site of the first public high school for African Americans in Howard County. Original site of Warfield Academy, became Mount Gregory School in 1867 for African Americans and was the genesis of Mount Gregory Church. Was a public elementary school by . . . — Map (db m938) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookville — August 26, 1814
In this village President Madison and members of his official family found refuge in the home of Caleb Bentley, first Postmaster of Brookeville, following the burning of the Capitol and the White House by the British army. Many other refugees from . . . — Map (db m363) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Rockville — Rockville
Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's Confederate Cavalry occupied Rockville June 28, 1863, and captured 150 U.S. wagons along the Washington Road. From here they marched to Gettysburg. In July, 1864, Gen. Jubal Early passed through Rockville on his way to and from . . . — Map (db m59) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — Fort FrederickMaryland State Park
Colonial stone fort built 1756 for Province of Maryland by Gov. Horatio Sharpe to protect frontier against French and Indians after Braddock’s defeat. Detention camp for British prisoners 1776–83. Occupied 1861–2 by Union troops. George . . . — Map (db m681) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — The National RoadThe Road that Built the Nation
“. . . so many happy people, restless in the midst of abundance.” —Alexis de Tocqueville, 1840. Americans are an adventurous people. From past to present, they have used feet, horses, wagons, stagecoaches, canals, . . . — Map (db m820) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — The Lost Orders
No other document of the Civil War has generated so much controversy as Lee's Special Orders No. 191. These “Lost Orders” detailed the movements of Lee's army for the operation against Harpers Ferry. On September 9 Lee sent copies of the . . . — Map (db m2042) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Clear Spring — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through . . . — Map (db m695) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Funkstown — Battle of FunkstownJuly 10, 1863
After Gettysburg, in order to mask entrenching operations along the Potomac river by General R. E. Lee, Confederate troops, led by General J.E.B. Stuart, engaged Union forces under General John Buford. The day-long battle east of the road resulted . . . — Map (db m388) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hancock — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through . . . — Map (db m719) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hancock — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through . . . — Map (db m831) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hancock — The National RoadThe Road that Built a Nation
“. . . so many happy people, restless in the midst of abundance.” —Alexis de Tocqueville, 1840. Americans are an adventurous people. From past to present, they have used feet, horses, wagons, stagecoaches, canals, . . . — Map (db m830) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Myersville — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through . . . — Map (db m670) HM
Montana (Jefferson County), Whitehall — The Great Divide TrophyHow Montana Became Montana Without the Great Divide Between the Bobcats and the Grizzlies — Path of the Continental Divide in Montana
Montana was part of Idaho Territory in 1863. In 1864 when the Idaho Territorial Legislature agreed to a separate Montana Territory, its members wanted the boundary to be the Continental Divide. When the separation bill was proposed in Congress, . . . — Map (db m91535) HM
New Jersey (Morris County), Boonton — Holmes Library
Original Greek Revival dwelling built for commercial use 1849. Purchased for residence 1856 by James Holmes, prominent Boonton citizen. Building enlarged and converted to Holmes Library 1893. National Register of Historic Places • New Jersey . . . — Map (db m37923) HM
New Jersey (Morris County), Morristown — Thomas Paine1737 – 1809
English by birth French citizen by decree American by adoption Author of The American Crisis Rights of Man The Age of Reason Your presence may remind Congress (and the people) of your past services to this country. —George Washington Left . . . — Map (db m8551) HM
New Mexico (De Baca County), Fort Sumner — Old Fort Sumner and “Billy the Kid’s” Grave
Fort Sumner was established in 1862 to guard the Navajo and Apaches on the Bosque Redondo reservation. It was discontinued as a military post in 1868 and the buildings and site sold to Lucien B. Maxwell. William "Billy the Kid" Bonney was killed . . . — Map (db m73713) HM
New Mexico (San Miguel County), Las Vegas — Isidor Stern’s “Famous” Dry Good Store1881
“Don Luis” Stern’s trademark slogan was “La Tienda Barata”—or the inexpensive shop. Later the site of the West Las Vegas Town Hall and jail. The cells still exist in the rear of the building. — Map (db m64897) HM
New Mexico (Sandoval County), Jemez Springs — Jémez State Monument
The village of Giusewa was occupied by ancestors of the Jémez Indians before the arrival of the Spanish in 1541. Its ruins lie close to those of the great stone mission church of San José de los Jémez, which was built by the Franciscans around 1622. — Map (db m73238) HM
New Mexico (Santa Fe County), Santa Fe — 5 — 1680 — Commemorative Walkway Park
In the seventeenth century New Mexico was plagued by drought, conflicts between civil and church authorities, and extreme demands placed by the Spanish settlers on the native population. The latter situation caused a deterioration so severe that by . . . — Map (db m76202) HM
New Mexico (Santa Fe County), Santa Fe — 8 — 1776 — Commemorative Walkway Park
When the Declaration of Independence was signed, Santa Fe was already 166 years old. English and American explorers and traders replaced the French as a source of concern to Spanish officials in New Mexico. The successful American War of . . . — Map (db m76238) HM
New Mexico (Santa Fe County), Santa Fe — 13 — 1912 — Commemorative Walkway Park
In 1906, Congress passed an act that would enable New Mexico and Arizona to become one large state. The residents in Arizona voted against the act, while the New Mexicans voted for it. It was not until 1912 that the opposing forces were reconciled . . . — Map (db m76270) HM
New Mexico (Santa Fe County), Santa Fe — 1 — 500 A.D. — Commemorative Walkway Park
From 500 A.D. onward, New Mexico underwent a number of comparatively rapid changes. The people throughout the western two-thirds of the state became increasingly restricted to smaller and smaller areas resulting in the development of many regional . . . — Map (db m76136) HM
New Mexico (Santa Fe County), Santa Fe — Cross of the MartyrsCruz de los Mártires
In 1598 a group of Spanish colonists, led by Juan de Oñate of Zacatecas, Mexico, established a settlement along the banks of the Rio Grande north of present-day Española. In 1610 Governor Pedro de Peralta relocated the capital of the province to . . . — Map (db m73092) HM
New Mexico (Santa Fe County), Santa Fe — Santa Fe OperaEntrance One Mile Ahead
The Santa Fe Opera, founded in 1957, has won worldwide acclaim for the high standards of its presentations and the success of its apprentice program. World and American premieres as well as standard operatic favorites are presented here. Most operas . . . — Map (db m64870) HM
New Mexico (Taos County), Taos — Don Fernando de Taos Plaza
This peaceful and historic plaza, shaded by cottonwood trees in summer and blanketed by snow in winter has been the site of military action, fiestas, and fiery speeches. Spanish colonists settled at scattered locations in this valley beginning . . . — Map (db m66543) HM
North Carolina (Bladen County), Elizabethtown — I-11 — Battle of Elizabethtown
Whigs broke Tory power in Bladen County, August, 1781, driving them into Tory Hole, 50 yards north. — Map (db m27536) HM
North Carolina (Bladen County), White Lake — I-78 — White Lake CCC Camp
An installation of the Civilian Conservation Corps. Initiated modern park improvements. Established here 1835; closed 1942. — Map (db m60360) HM
North Carolina (Brunswick County), Calabash — D-79 — Boundary House
Commissioners met here to run boundary in 1764. Popular stop for colonial travelers. Ruins used to establish present state line in 1928. Located 2¾ mi. S.E. — Map (db m5375) HM
North Carolina (Brunswick County), Southport — Catalino Tingzon
Dedicated to the memory of Catalino Tingzon, interred in Northwood Cemetery, and all Merchant Marine seamen and U.S. Navy Armed Guard on the tanker S.S.John D. Gill torpedoed and sunk off Cape Fear by the German submarine U-158 . . . — Map (db m4950) HM
North Carolina (Brunswick County), Southport — Robert C. Ruark
1915–1965, columnist and author. “The Old Man and the Boy,” were youthful rememberances of his material grandfather, Captain Edward Atkins, in this house. — Map (db m4800) HM
North Carolina (Brunswick County), Southport — Smithville Burying Ground
“Nor even this hour shall want its charm / For side-by-side still fondly we’ll keep / And calmly in each others arms / Together linked go down the deep.” —From the marker for Emeline L. Taylor and Major George Taylor who were . . . — Map (db m6229) HM
North Carolina (Columbus County), Tabor City — The Tabor City Tribune
Established by Stanly County native W. Horace Carter in 1946. Won the Pulitzer Prize for Meritorious Public Service in 1953. Named changed to Tabor-Loris Tribune in 1996. — Map (db m863) HM
North Carolina (Cumberland County), Hope Mills — I-27 — Cape Fear Baptist Church
Constituted in 1756 as Particular Baptist. Stephen Hollingsworth, first minister. Present (1859) building 2 mi. E. — Map (db m864) HM
North Carolina (Granville County), Oxford — G-94 — Henry P. Cheatham
(1857–1935) Born into slavery. U.S. Congressman, 1889–1893. Superintendent of Colored Orphanage of N.C., 1907–1935. Grave 8/10 mi. N.E. — Map (db m845) HM
North Carolina (New Hanover County), Wilmington — D 5 — St. James Church
Built 1839, near site of older church, begun about 1751. Graves of Cornelius Harnett and Thomas Godfrey. — Map (db m28757) HM
North Carolina (New Hanover County), Wilmington — St. James ChurchThomas U. Walter, Architect – Philadelphia — 1839/40; 1885
Thomas U. Walter, Architect – Philadelphia John S. Norris, Supervising Architect – New York C. H. Dahl, Principal Carpenter – New York John C. Wood, Principal Mason – Nantucket Oldest house of worship in Wilmington, . . . — Map (db m28925) HM
North Carolina (Pender County), Rocky Point — D-10 — Alexander Lillington
Revolutionary leader; Whig colonel in the Battle of Moores Creek Bridge, 1776. His grave is 9 miles northeast. — Map (db m29231) HM
North Carolina (Pitt County), Grimesland — F-5 — Bryan Grimes1828–1880
Major General, Confederate Army. His service spanned the Peninsula Campaign to Appomattox. Family plantation called “Grimesland,” was here. — Map (db m52536) HM
North Carolina (Robeson County), Lumberton — I-38 — John Willis
Founder of Lumberton, captain in Revolution, later brigadier general; member of legislature, conventions of 1788, ’89. Plantation was here. — Map (db m102264) HM
North Carolina (Scotland County), Laurinburg — I-90 — Edwin Gill1899–1978
State treasurer, 1953–77; commissioner of the revenue, 1942–49. Secretary, Gov. O. Max Gardner, 1931–33. Lived one block N. — Map (db m102208) HM
Ohio (Franklin County), Columbus — Ohio World War Memorial1917 – 1918 — WWI Doughboy
To justice in war and lasting peace after victory. To the Armed Forces of the United States “with the going down of the sun and in the morning we shall remember them.” To the women of America in the World War. They served nobly . . . — Map (db m9880) HM
Ohio (Franklin County), Columbus — Peace
Commemorating the heroic sacrifices of Ohio’s soldiers of the Civil War 1861–65 and the loyal women of that period. When our country sent out the call to arms for the preservation of the Union Ohio sent more than three hundred thousand of . . . — Map (db m9956) HM
Ohio (Franklin County), Columbus — 79-25 — The Ohio Statehouse / Lincoln at the Statehouse
In 1812, the Ohio legislature designated Columbus as the state capital, with local landowners contributing land and resources for a capitol building and penitentiary. The first Columbus statehouse, a Federal-style structure completed in 1816, . . . — Map (db m9986) HM
Ohio (Franklin County), Columbus — William McKinleyTwenty-Fifth President of the United States
“Let us ever remember that our interest is in concord, not conflict; and that our real eminence rests in the victories of peace, not those of war.” “Our earnest prayer is that God will graciously vouchsafe prosperity, . . . — Map (db m9887) HM
Ohio (Franklin County), Worthington — 8-25 — Worthington Masonic Museum
Worthington was the center of Masonry for the central Ohio area in the early years of the nineteenth century. New England Lodge, with its original charter from the Grand Lodge of Connecticut dated 1803, is the oldest lodge in continuous existence in . . . — Map (db m2049) HM
Ohio (Gallia County), Gallipolis — Here Lies James Jeffers1771 – 1942
A soldier in the Indian Wars. And his wife, Elizabeth, 1771–1845, Daughter of Revolutionary Soldier James Whitaker and his wife, Catherine Petit. — Map (db m85677) HM
Ohio (Guernsey County), Cambridge — 4-30 — The Scottish Rite in Ohio
The first Scottish Rite body of Free-Masonry west of the Alleghenies was formed in Cambridge, Ohio, in 1852 by Killian H. Van Rensselaer, an honorary 33rd Degree Mason. He lived in this city from 1851 to 1867. Van Rensselaer was superintendent of . . . — Map (db m1045) HM
Ohio (Licking County), Granville — 10-45 — Major General Charles Griffin
Located 100 yards southeast of this marker is the boyhood home of Major General Charles Griffin. Born in 1825, he graduated from West Point in 1847 and rose to prominence during the Civil War. Griffin fought in most of the major engagements of the . . . — Map (db m688) HM
Ohio (Tuscarawas County), New Philadelphia — 1-79 — The New Schoenbrunn Mission
Here, on April 10, 1779 during the Revolutionary War, David Zeisberger founded one of the five Delaware Christian missions to occupy the Tuscarawas Valley between May 3, 1772 and September 8, 1781. Living at the Lichtenau mission near the Delaware . . . — Map (db m295) HM
Ohio (Washington County), Marietta — First Congregational Church(Immanuel Baptist - Affiliated)
Sunday School 9:15 a.m., Worship 10:00 a.m. The first church in Marietta, organized Dec. 6, 1796. The present building is patterned after the original church, familiarly known to settlers as the “Two Horned Church.” Visitors are . . . — Map (db m20650) HM
Ohio (Washington County), Marietta — 12-84 — Ohio National Guard Armory
With a mission to protect citizens at home and abroad, the Ohio National Guard was originally established as the Northwest Territory Militia in Marietta on July 25, 1788 and has fought in every war since the War of 1812. Built in 1914, this Ohio . . . — Map (db m103267) HM
Ohio (Washington County), Marietta — Pioneer Mariettacirca 1792
This land at the confluence of the Ohio and Muskingum rivers was part of a million-and-a-half acre tract made available by the Northwest Territory Ordinance of 1787, and purchased by the Ohio Company of Associates for resale and settlement. Many of . . . — Map (db m20784) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), New Brighton — White Cottage
Home of Grace Greenwood (Sara J. Clarke Lippincott, 1823-1904), pioneer woman correspondent, poetess, and authoress. While living here during the mid-19th Century, she wrote many of her popular juvenile stories. — Map (db m134) HM
Pennsylvania (Chester County), Malvern — “Remember Paoli!”
Because of a heroic rear guard action, Wayne was able to escape the Battle of Paoli with 1900 men. The survivors of Paoli never forgot the horror of that night. Indeed, it inspired them to fight with a vengeance at the Battle of Germantown, where . . . — Map (db m13621) HM
Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Farmington — The Great Meadows
This tablet marks the site of The Great Meadows where Lt. Col. George Washington fought his first battle and made his first and last surrender, July 3-4, 1754. — Map (db m502) HM
Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Farmington — The Great Meadows Campaign
“Up to this time the colonies have been acting as entirely separate and independent states.” From message of Governor James Glenn to the South Carolina Assembly, March 5, 1754. The Great Meadows Campaign marked the first . . . — Map (db m1113) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Freedom is a LightFor Which Many Men Have Died in Darkness
In unmarked graves within this square lie thousands of unknown soldiers of Washington’s Army who died of wounds and sickness during the Revolutionary War. “The independence and liberty you possess are the work of joint councils and joint . . . — Map (db m9051) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Society Hill / The New Market and Head House
SOCIETY HILL. Where the past meets the present. You are now walking down streets laid out over three centuries ago. In the 18th century you might have crossed paths with Benjamin Franklin, George Washington or Thomas Jefferson. . . . — Map (db m31304) HM
Pennsylvania (Washington County), Claysville — “S” Bridge
This stone bridge was part of the National, or Cumberland Road. Originated in 1805, it was completed to Wheeling in 1818. Over it passed countless wagons and stages uniting the East and the growing West. — Map (db m806) HM
Pennsylvania (Washington County), Washington — Edward Acheson
The eminent American chemist was born in this house with the round corner, 1856. Was awarded many medals for his invention of carborundum, artificial graphite, and other valuable products of the electric furnace. — Map (db m263) HM
Pennsylvania (Washington County), Washington — Gantz Oil Well
Site of first oil well in Washington County. Oil was struck in Dec., 1884. First oil was shipped in 1885; last oil was pumped about 1916. This well led to the development of the Washington oil field. — Map (db m819) HM
Pennsylvania (Washington County), Washington — LeMoyne House
Built, 1812, by Dr. John LeMoyne. For many years, home of his son Dr. Francis LeMoyne, noted abolitionist, and builder of first crematory in U.S. Now the home of the Washington County Historical Society. — Map (db m262) HM
South Carolina (Georgetown County), Georgetown — 22-17 — Antipedo Baptist Church / Old Baptist Cemetery
Antipedo Baptist Church In the plan of Georgetown, laid out by 1730, this one acre lot was reserved for Antipedo Baptist by Elisha Screven. A brick building built before the Revolution for the Baptists, Presbyterians, and independents housed the . . . — Map (db m4889) HM
South Carolina (Georgetown County), Georgetown — 22-44 — Beth Elohim Cemetery
This cemetery, established ca. 1772, is the second oldest Jewish cemetery in the state and serves a community which has been significant here since well before the American Revolution. Abraham Cohen and Mordecai Myers, who opened stores in the town . . . — Map (db m4857) HM
South Carolina (Georgetown County), Georgetown — 22-6 — Gabriel Marion
When Capt. John Nelson, sent by Gen. Marion, Jan., 1781, to the Sampit Road to reconnoitre, met Capt. Barfield and his Tories near White’s Bridge, a sharp fight ensued. Lieut. Gabriel Marion, nephew of Gen. Marion, was captured and inhumanely shot . . . — Map (db m16365) HM
South Carolina (Georgetown County), Georgetown — 22-2 (Q) — Georgetown
Georgetown, the third oldest town in the state, was laid out in 1729 by Elisha Screven on land granted to John and Edward Perrie, Sept. 15, 1705, and deeded by him, Jan. 18, 1734, to George Pawley, William Swinton, and Daniel La Roche, Trustees. It . . . — Map (db m7422) HM
South Carolina (Georgetown County), Georgetown — 22-47 — Town Clock / Kaminski Building
Town Clock This Greek Revival market and town hall was built in 1842 after a fire destroyed many of the frame buildings on Front Street. An open-air market occupied the first floor and the town hall occupied the second floor; the clock tower . . . — Map (db m7683) HM
South Carolina (Georgetown County), Pawleys Island — 22-11 — Washington Allston
Washington Allston, “the American Titian,” artist and author, was born at Brookgreen, Nov. 5, 1779. He studied in London, Paris, and Venice. He had a studio in London 1811–1818; in Boston 1818–1830; in Cambridge, . . . — Map (db m16463) HM
South Carolina (Horry County), Socastee — Intra-Coastal WaterwayLittle River to Winyah Bay, S.C.
The last section of a continuous inside passage along the eastern coast of the United States begun December 19, 1932. Completed April 3, 1936. United States Corps of Engineers, W.G. Caples, Colonel, U.S.A. • Standard Dredging Co., Contractor; . . . — Map (db m853) HM
South Carolina (Marion County), Marion — 34-14 — Bluefields
“Bluefields,” named for the Blue family, was built by 1870. Annie Evans Blue (d.1912) was given this land in 1872 by her father William Evans (1804–1876), Marion District planter, militia general, and state representative. Annie . . . — Map (db m24970) HM
South Carolina (Williamsburg County), Hemington — 45-1 — Indiantown Presbyterian Church
Organized in 1757 with John James and Robert Wilson as founding elders. Burned by the British in 1780 as “a sedition shop.” Rebuilt after the Revolution. Present building begun in 1830, remodelled in 1919. Major John James, . . . — Map (db m27903) HM
Tennessee (Greene County), Greeneville — 1C 70 — Capitol of State of Franklin
This is a replica of the building which is believed to have served as the capitol of the State of Franklin from 1785 until 1788 and which originally stood near the intersection of Main and Depot Streets. At constitutional conventions held there, . . . — Map (db m81608) HM
Virginia (Albemarle County), Brownsville — The Rothwell Family ... / Elisha Wm. Robertson ...
The Rothwell Family of Albemarle County Virginia. Claiborne one of the first of the Rothwells to live in this county, was born about 1741 as reported in The Virginia Advocate, Saturday Oct. 11, 1828 and “died on Oct. 6 in his 87th . . . — Map (db m3996) HM
Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Rio Hill 1864 SkirmishGeorge A. Custer Attacks a Confederate Winter Camp
In December 1863, Confederate troops established winter quarters here. The approximately 200 soldiers, under the command of Capt. Marcellus N. Moorman, were from Stuart’s Horse Artillery Battalion and were equipped with 16 cannons. The men built . . . — Map (db m7690) HM
Virginia (Albemarle County), Gordonsville — G-25 — General Thomas Sumter
Thomas Sumter was born on 14 Aug. 1734 in this region. Sumter, a member of the Virginia militia during the French and Indian War, moved to South Carolina in 1765. He served as a lieutenant colonel in the Continental Army (1776–1778); in June . . . — Map (db m17501) HM
Virginia (Albemarle County), Greenwood — VDOT Workers’ Memorial
The monument before you honors Virginia state highway workers who lost their lives while serving the Commonwealth’s travelers. No public funds were used to build this memorial. It was built entirely with donations from Virginia Department of . . . — Map (db m26332) HM
Virginia (Albemarle County), Simeon — W-201 — Colle
The house was built about 1770 by workmen engaged in building Monticello. Mazzei, an Italian, lived here for some years adapting grape culture to Virginia. Baron de Riedesel, captured at Saratoga in 1777, lived here with his family, 1779–1780. . . . — Map (db m21952) HM
Virginia, Alexandria — Mistress Margaret Brent(c1601–c1671)
On September 6, 1654, this site was included in a patent of 700 acres granted by the Colony of Virginia to Mistress Margaret Brent (c1601–c1671). An extraordinary woman, she spent most of her adult life fighting discrimination of her sex, she . . . — Map (db m62020) HM
Virginia, Alexandria — The LyceumThe Jean E. Keith Memorial
Built in 1839 by the Alexandria Lyceum Company under the leadership of Benjamin Hallowell, this building housed the Alexandria Library and was the scene of concerts, meetings, debates and lectures featuring such speakers as John Quincy Adams and . . . — Map (db m8607) HM
Virginia (Alleghany County), Low Moor — D-33 — Low Moor Iron Company Coke Ovens
Here stand the earliest coke ovens of the Low Moor Iron Company (organized 1873). The ovens converted coal to coke to fuel the company’s blast furnace. The company built more than a hundred such ovens in 1881. By 1923 the Low Moor Iron Company . . . — Map (db m84051) HM
Virginia (Amherst County), Madison Heights — K-148 — Buffalo Lick Plantation
Patented in 1742 by John Bolling, Jr., the 2,735-acre Buffalo Lick Plantation tract along the James River includes three notable historic sites. One mile southeast stand the ruins of Mount Athos, the home of William J. Lewis, an officer in . . . — Map (db m46354) HM
Virginia (Amherst County), Madison Heights — I-5 — Central Virginia Training Center
Established in 1910 as the Virginia State Epileptic Colony, the center admitted its first patients in May 1911. The facility originally served persons with epilepsy and began accepting individuals with mental retardation in 1913. Due to the new . . . — Map (db m46394) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Fishersville — I-18 — Woodrow Wilson Rehabilitation Center
In 1947 the Woodrow Wilson Rehabilitation Center became the first state comprehensive rehabilitation center in the United States. Operated by the Virginia Department of Rehabilitative Services, this residential facility offers various . . . — Map (db m50617) HM
Virginia (Bath County), Bacova — D-37 — Bacova
The Tidewater Hardwood Company built a lumber mill and company town here, 192–1922, naming it Bacova, a contraction for Bath Co., Va. Narrow-gauge railroads brought the logs to the mill. The company paid workers in scrip redeemable for rent, . . . — Map (db m70219) HM
Virginia (Bath County), Millboro — D-24 — Fort Lewis
Col. Charles Lewis, younger brother of Gen. Andrew Lewis, acquired 950 acres of land on the Cowpasture River in June 1750. Nearby, Fort Lewis, a small stockade, initially under the command of then Capt. Charles Lewis, was constructed by 1756 to . . . — Map (db m30469) HM
Virginia (Campbell County), Altavista — L-30 — Origin of Lynch Law
During the Revolutionary War, loyalists in the Virginia backcountry periodically conspired against the Revolutionary authorities. Colonels Charles Lynch, James Callaway, and other militia officers and county justices formed extralegal courts to . . . — Map (db m65382) HM
Virginia, Charlottesville — Fernando Símon Bolívar1810–1898
Fernando Bolívar, a native of Venezuela, attended the University of Virginia in 1827. He was the nephew and adopted son of Símon Bolívar, The Liberator, who sent him to study in the “Republic of Washington and Jefferson.” A friend of . . . — Map (db m8820) HM
Virginia, Charlottesville — Q-27 — The Farm
The Farm stands on a 1020-acre tract acquired by Nicholas Meriwether in 1735 and later owned by Col. Nicholas Lewis, uncle of Meriwether Lewis. A building on the property likely served as headquarters for British Col. Banastre Tarleton briefly in . . . — Map (db m19582) HM
Virginia, Charlottesville — Watering Fountains
During the late 1800’s, the City of Charlottesville installed four watering fountains in the downtown area. The fountains were designed to provide water to the citizens, their horses and other domesticated animals. Water was provided by the City . . . — Map (db m19739) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — Traveler Was Tethered on This Spot
Traveler was tethered on this spot June 21, 1863, as General Robert E. Lee paused on his march to Gettysburg. He attended services here in Grace Episcopal Church. Tablet placed by Sycamore Society 1986 Replaced by E.V. White Chapter, MOSB and Sons . . . — Map (db m1731) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Amissville — G-9 — Campaign of Second Manassas
Here Lee and Jackson had their headquarters. Here, August 24, 1862, they formed the plan to attack Pope’s line of supply and bring him to battle before McClellan could join him. — Map (db m23959) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — F-11 — Battle of Brandy Station
Here on 9 June 1863, the largest cavalry battle in North America occurred when 9,500 troopers fought 8,000 cavalrymen under Union Brig. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton. This daylong battle, the opening engagement of the Gettysburg campaign, erupted when the . . . — Map (db m2574) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — G-10 — General Edward Stevens
Here is buried General Edward Stevens, who served at Brandywine, Camden, Guilford Courthouse and Yorktown. He died on August 17, 1820. — Map (db m23960) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — F-3 — Greenwood
Home of Judge John Williams Green. Judge Green entertained Lafayette here on August 22, 1825. — Map (db m8641) HM
Virginia (Dickenson County), Breaks — The Crooked Road — The Crooked Road — Virginia’s Heritage Music Trail
From the Blue Ridge Mountains to the Coalfields region, southwest Virginia is blessed with historic and contemporary music venues, musicians, and fretted instrument markers. Historically isolated, the region retained its strong musical legacy by . . . — Map (db m90701) HM
Virginia (Dickenson County), Clintwood — XB-11 — Clintwood
The name originally was Holly Creek. In 1882 the county seat of Dickenson County was moved from Ervington to this place, which was named Clintwood for Major Henry Clinton Wood. The town was incorporated in 1894. With the coming of the railroad to . . . — Map (db m90769) HM
Virginia (Dickenson County), Nora — XB-10 — Old Buffalo School
Established in 1875 on land given by Simpson Dyer, the Old Buffalo School became the first free school of Dickenson County in 1880. Alexander Johnson Skeen served as first teacher. The school remained in operation for twenty five . . . — Map (db m90742) HM
Virginia, Fairfax — Fairfax Court House
Built in 1800. This building, designed by James Wren, served as the first permanent courthouse of Fairfax County. — Map (db m621) HM
Virginia, Fairfax — Peyton Anderson
Payton Anderson of the Rappahannock Cavalry was severely wounded on picket duty 122 ft. N.W. of this spot May 27, 1861. The first soldier of the South to shed his blood for the Confederacy. — Map (db m29389) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Belle Haven Park — Wasteland or Wetland?What is Your Point of View? — George Washington Memorial Parkway
Here, 400 years ago, the Piscataway tribe fed themselves on fish and waterfowl. In the early 1800s, Virginia farmers built retaining walls, called dykes, to drain this marsh and make farmland. The dykes proved too hard to keep intact. Without dyles, . . . — Map (db m89604) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — C-17 — Military Railroad Terminus
Half a mile west is the terminus of the Centreville Military Railroad, the first railroad in the world constructed exclusively for military purposes. Built by the Confederate army late in 1861 because of impassable roads, it supplied the soldiers in . . . — Map (db m887) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — Old Stone ChurchHaven for the Wounded
Here, where the Warrenton Turnpike turned west from Braddock Road, the Union army marched from Centreville to meet Confederate forces in the first great battle of the Civil War on July 21, 1961. The afternoon, Union soldiers passed by here again, . . . — Map (db m530) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax — C-19 — Bull Run Battlefields
Ten miles west were fought the two Battles of Manassas or Bull Run. — Map (db m619) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax Station — Clara H. BartonFounder of the American Red Cross
Here at Fairfax Station in early Sept. 1862, after the Second Battle of Manassas and the action near Chantilly, Clara Barton ministered to the suffering. By her humane and tireless efforts this Angel of the Battlefield helped move over 3000 wounded . . . — Map (db m102) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Fairfax Station — St. Mary’s Catholic Church
Dedicated September 19, 1858 by Rt. Rev. John McGill, Bishop of Richmond. — Catholic workers, who were employed in building the Fairfax Railroad pass, began work on the structure in 1856. They were assisted by members of the nearby Hamill . . . — Map (db m184) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Fort Belvoir — Non Commissioned Officers’ Service Club
The Office of the Quartermaster General designed this building as an NCO club and the 13th Engineer Regiment constructed it in 1939. The building was constructed with materials appropriated from the post. Prior to this time, a “Hostess . . . — Map (db m9444) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Groveton — E-96 — Huntley
On the hill above stands Huntley, a Federal-style villa built about 1825 for Thomson F. Mason, a grandson of George Mason of Gunston Hall. Thomson Mason, a prominent Alexandria lawyer, served on the city council, as mayor, and also as president of . . . — Map (db m7909) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Herndon — Tracks Into HistoryThe Washington & Old Dominion Railroad
The railroad that became the Washington & Old Dominion was born in Alexandria in response to the competition in shipping posed by the port in Baltimore, which was served by the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. The B&O was diverting farm produce from the . . . — Map (db m153) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Lorton — E 97 — Lorton Nike Missile Site
Located north of here was one of three Nike anti-aircraft missile complexes in Fairfax County operated by the U.S. Army and the Army National Guard between 1954 and 1974. The sites were established during the Cold War to defend Washington from . . . — Map (db m2092) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Lorton — Wagener
The remains from 29 graves were brought here from the Wagener family cemetery at Stisted, their plantation on the Occoquan River near Colchester. The Second Peter Wagener (1717–1774), Clerk of the Fairfax County Court (1752–1772), served . . . — Map (db m202) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), McLean — Odrick’s Corner
In 1872 Alfred Odrick, a former slave and carpenter, purchased 30 acres and built a house on the south side of Lewinsville Road, later intersected by Spring Hill Road to form Odrick's Corner. By 1879 a one-room schoolhouse, Odrick's School, had been . . . — Map (db m5610) HM
Virginia (Fauquier County), Remington — Rappahannock StationA Rare Night Attack on the River — Mosby’s Confederacy
The hamlet of Mill View, present-day Remington, became known as Rappahannock Station to the Civil War armies which campaigned in this area. Here the vital Orange & Alexandria railroad (to your left) crossed the Rappahannock River just behind the low . . . — Map (db m2525) HM
Virginia (Franklin County), Hardy — A-95 — Birthplace of General Jubal Early — Franklin County Bicentennial 1786-1986
Near this place, on land occupied since the 1780s by the Early family, Confederate General Jubal Early was born in 1816, The General practiced law in Franklin County and served in the Mexican War before the Civil War. Early fought in more . . . — Map (db m65625) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Star Tannery — Z-283 — Frederick County / Shenandoah County
Frederick County. Area 485 Square Miles. Formed in 1738 from Orange, and named for Frederick, Prince of Wales, Father of King George III. Several battles were fought in the vicinity of Winchester, 1862–1864. Shenandoah County. . . . — Map (db m9251) HM
Virginia (Giles County), Midway — Z-289 — Giles County / West Virginia
Giles County. Formed in 1806 from Montgomery, Tazewell and Monroe, and named for William B. Giles, United States Senator and Governor of Virginia, 1827–1830. Mountain Lake is in this county. West Virginia. West Virginia was long a . . . — Map (db m84134) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Courthouse — NA-11 — Werowocomoco
The site of Werowocomoco is located nearby at Purtan Bay. This Algonquian Indian settlement was the center of power of the Powhatan paramount chiefdom when the English established James Fort in 1607. Captain John Smith was brought to Werowocomoco as . . . — Map (db m99485) HM
Virginia (Grayson County), Mouth of Wilson — John Deere Mower Model 2
Designed and pioneered in the 1890’s. First manufactured by John Deere in 1911, commonly known as a “horse drawn hay” mowing machine. — Map (db m65765) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — 150-W — Battle of McDowell
Stonewall Jackson, to prevent a junction of Fremont and Banks, took position on the hills just to the south and beat off the attacks of Fremont’s advance under Milroy, May 8, 1862. Milroy retreated that night. — Map (db m4232) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — W151 — Felix Hull House
This stately brick house was built about 1855 for Felix hull (ca. 1823-1861) in the Greek Revival style popular in the late antebellum period. During the Civil War, his widow, Eliza Mathews Hull, was living here on 7-8 May 1862 when the house was . . . — Map (db m16665) HM
Virginia (Highland County), West Augusta — Fort Edward Johnson
On April 19, 1862, General Johnson, with General Lee’s approval, moved our regiment from Allegheny Mountain to Shenandoah Mountain. To protect ourselves from Yankee bullets, we dug about a mile of trench in this rocky ground. We then opened our . . . — Map (db m16775) HM
Virginia (Lancaster County), White Stone — J-94 — Henry Fleete and Fleet’s Island
Henry Fleete was born about 1602 in Kent, England, and moved to Jamestown, Virginia, in 1621. Fleete was seized by the Anacostan Indians during a trading expedition and held for five years. He learned their language and after his release in 1627 . . . — Map (db m24638) HM
Virginia (Lee County), Jonesville — Doctor Still’s Birthplace
Andrew Taylor Still, physician and founder for Osteopathic medicine was born here in a log cabin on August 6, 1828. The cabin now stands on the campus of Kirksville College of Osteopathy and Surgery in Kirksville, Missouri, the first American school . . . — Map (db m44372) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — In Memory of Richard Owings
First native born Methodist local preacher, born November 13, 1738, Baltimore County, Maryland. Died October 7, 1786, Leesburg, Virginia and was buried on this spot. He was converted under the ministry of Robert Strawbridge and Received on . . . — Map (db m1581) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — K-142 — John Daniel’s Home
This Federal-style mansion was built by John Marshall Warwick in 1826. It was the birthplace of John Warwick Daniel, grandson of the builder, whose father was Judge William Daniel, resident of nearby Point of Honor. John W. Daniel was known as the . . . — Map (db m86231) HM
Virginia, Manassas — Harry J. Parrish
Harry J. Parrish—The Man. Harry Jacob Parrish was born February 22, 1922 and has made Manassas his lifelong home. He attended Prince William county schools, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Wofford college, and schools of the US Air Force. . . . — Map (db m702) HM
Virginia (Mecklenburg County), Clarksville — F-98 — Occaneechi Indians
The Occaneechi Indians once lived nearby on an island in the Roanoke River. Well known for trading goods with other Indians nations and colonists, the Occaneechi resided close to several Indian paths. They also hunted, fished, and raised crops that . . . — Map (db m40771) HM
Virginia (Northumberland County), Callao — O-72 — The Rev. Paymus Nutt(ca. 1817 – ca. 1899)
The Rev. Paymus (Pyramus) Nutt, born into slavery, helped organize four African American churches in Northumberland County after the Civil War. In 1866 he co-founded First Baptist. Shiloh Baptist, established in 1867, called him to be its first . . . — Map (db m99406) HM
Virginia (Northumberland County), Claraville — JT-12 — Northumberland House and Mantua
Five miles northeast is the site of Northumberland House, built by the third Peter Presley, who was murdered in 1750. He was the last male descendant of the first William Presley, who settled there and who was a Burgess as early as 1647. Mantua, . . . — Map (db m22715) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Barboursville — JJ-28 — Governor James Barbour
Here at Barboursville lie the ruins of the family home of James Barbour, Virginia's governor during the War of 1812. As commander of Virginia's militia forces, Barbour planned, organized, and directed the defense of Virginia from January until . . . — Map (db m89899) HM
Virginia (Patrick County), Critz — U 34 — Reynolds Homestead
Four miles to the north is Rock Spring Plantation, the boyhood home of industrialist R. J. Reynolds. The land was settled in 1814 by Abram Reynolds and his wife Mary Harbour. About 1843 their son Hardin William Reynolds built the present brick house . . . — Map (db m22412) HM
Virginia (Patrick County), Critz — The Reynolds Homestead
Built by Hardin Reynolds just prior to his marriage in 1843, the house that became known as Rock Spring Plantation, faces the historic Norfolk to Bristol Turnpike. Nearby was the log dwelling of his father, Abram Reynolds, who purchased 50 . . . — Map (db m72851) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Bristow — E-54 — Road to the Valley
By the first quarter of the 1700s, revisions to the road laws in the colony mandated more convenient travel routes over land. In conjunction with new settlement pushing west through the Piedmont region to the Blue Ridge, a series of old Indian . . . — Map (db m781) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Honoring the Dead — First Battle of Manassas
Union Soldiers built Henry Hill Monument to commemorate those who died at First Bull Run (Manassas). For many Civil War veterans this had been their first battle. Intense memories drew both Union and Confederate soldiers back to this scene years . . . — Map (db m33211) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — The Unfinished Railroad
Stonewall Jackson set up his defensive line along a two mile section of these cuts and fills, which were originally grading for the Independent Line of the Manassas Gap Railroad. The railroad, begun in the 1850’s, ran out of money after the roadbed . . . — Map (db m663) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Woodbridge — 5 — William Grayson’s Grave
William Grayson, lawyer, member of the Continental Congress, Constitutional Convention and U.S. Senate, is buried nearby on property formerly part of “Belle Air,” the family plantation. In 1774, Grayson organized Prince William County’s . . . — Map (db m770) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Boston — Z-175 — Rappahannock County / Culpeper County
Rappahannock County. Area 274 square miles. Formed in 1833 from Culpeper, and named for the Rappahannock River, headwaters of which are in this county. Culpeper County. Area 384 square miles. Formed in 1748 from Orange, and named for . . . — Map (db m8415) HM
Virginia (Rappahannock County), Washington — The Town of Washington, VirginiaThe First Washington of All
Surveyed and platted by George Washington with the assistance of John Lonem and Edward Corder, as chainmen; August 4, 1749. Organized and established as a town by the General Assembly of Virginia, December 14, 1796. Incorporated as a . . . — Map (db m86262) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Cross Keys — Battle of Cross KeysDuel Attacks — 1862 Valley Campaign
Early on June 8, 1862, Union commander Gen. John C. Frémont viewed the field at Cross Keys and without proper reconnaissance assumed that Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s left flank was the strong side of the Confederate line. Frémont ordered his . . . — Map (db m25549) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Edom — Baxter House — National Register of Historic Places
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior. — Map (db m89564) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Elkton — Alexander Spotswood Discovers the Valley of the Shenandoah
Twelve men I chose to see the waiting land, Where the rivers are jeweled in sunlight, And the hills are a deep blue ocean with living spars Of pine to catch the clouds and spread white sail. My band, Knights of the Golden Horse Shoe, . . . — Map (db m1874) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Elkton — D 10 — Knights of the Golden Horseshoe
On 5 Sept. 1716, in this region, it is believed, Lieutenant Governor Alexander Spotswood and his party of government officials, gentry, Native Americans, soldiers, and servants crossed the Blue Ridge Mountains into the Shenandoah Valley. Their . . . — Map (db m1842) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Elkton — Miller-Argabright-Cover-Kite HouseStonewall Jackson’s Headquarters, April 19-30, 1862 — 1862 Valley Campaign
Less than a month after his defeat at Kernstown, Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson retired to the Elk Run Valley to rest his troops and plan for the spring campaign. With his men camped all along Elk Run and into Swift Run Gap, Jackson . . . — Map (db m2835) HM
Virginia (Russell County), Lebanon — X-6 — Russell Courthouse
The county government was organized at Russell’s Fort, May 9, 1786, with the following officers: Alexander Barnett, County Lieutenant; David Ward, Sheriff; Henry Dickenson, Clerk. Justices: Henry Smith, Henry Dickenson, David Ward, John Thompson, . . . — Map (db m91042) HM
Virginia (Scott County), Glenita — KA-7 — Carter’s Fort
Near here stood a fort first known as Crissman’s Fort, and later as Carter’s or Rye Cove Fort, and by militia officers as Fort Lee. Built by Isaac Crissman, Sr. in 1774, it was acquired by Thomas Carter (1731 1803) after Crissman’s death at . . . — Map (db m90918) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — Battle of New Market
May 15, 1864. General U.S. Grant's plan to defeat the Confederacy in 1864 called for a raid by General G. Crook into southwestern Virginia. General F. Sigel, to keep the Confederates from concentrating against Crook, was to advance down Shenandoah . . . — Map (db m553) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — DuPont at Rude’s Hill“I had to depend entirely upon myself ... ” — 1864 Valley Campaign
Here Capt. Henry DuPont, commanding B Battery, 5th U.S. Artillery, protected Union Gen. Franz Sigel’s defeated army as it retreated after the Battle of New Market on May 15, 1864. Confederate Gen. John C. Breckinridge had routed Sigel’s . . . — Map (db m838) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — A-36 — Fairfax Line
Here ran the southwestern boundary of Lord Fairfax’s vast land grant, The Northern Neck. It was surveyed by Peter Jefferson, Thomas Jefferson’s father, and others in 1746. — Map (db m652) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — A-69 — Post-Appomattox Tragedy
On 22 May 1865, after the Civil War ended. Capt. George W. Summers, Sgt. I. Newton Koontz, and two other armed veterans of Co. D, 7th Virginia Cavalry, robbed six Federal cavalrymen of their horses near Woodstock. The horses were returned the . . . — Map (db m15903) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — Z-178 — Rockingham County / Shenandoah County
Rockingham County. Area 876 square miles. Formed in 1778 from Augusta, and named for the Marquis of Rockingham, British statesman. John Sevier, of Tennessee, was born in this county. In it took place the battles of Cross Keys and Port Republic, . . . — Map (db m653) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — A-27 — Rude’s Hill Action
Rude’s Hill was reached by two divisions of Sheridan’s Union cavalry following the Confederate General Jubal A. Early, on November 22, 1864. Early promptly took position on the hill to oppose them. The cavalry, charging across the flats, were . . . — Map (db m50317) HM
Virginia (Smyth County), Saltville — History of Saltville Valley
The Saltville Valley contains fossils of large mammals that lived in North America about 13,000 years ago (during Pleistocene times). Fossils discovered here show that this valley has provided a rich environment for thousands of years. Many life . . . — Map (db m91112) HM
Virginia (Smyth County), Seven Mile Ford — K-19 — Seven Mile Ford
The place takes its name from the highway ford on the Holston, seven miles west of Royal Oak. The land here belonged to General William Campbell, hero of Kings Mountain, 1780. It descended to the wife of John M. Preston. The town originated as a . . . — Map (db m45726) HM
Virginia, Staunton — A-61 — Birthplace of Woodrow WilsonU.S. President 1913–21
Three and one half miles south, on Coalter Street in Staunton, is the birthplace of Thomas Woodrow Wilson, 8th Virginia-born President. New Jersey Governor, 28th President (World War I). He was chief author and sponsor of the League of Nations. Born . . . — Map (db m12363) HM
Virginia, Staunton — T. J. Collins & Son
“The beauty of a city is largely dependent upon the artistic ideas and abilities of its architects and Staunton is certainly to be congratulated on having in its midst that eminent firm of architects, T.J. Collins & Son. whose work is . . . — Map (db m11759) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Bandy — X-27 — Mathias Harman, Sr.
Just east of here is the last home site and grave of Mathias Harman, Sr. (1736–1832), early explorer, hunter and Revolutionary War veteran. Harman helped establish the first permanent English settlement in eastern Kentucky in 1755. In 1789 he . . . — Map (db m89746) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Bluefield — X 31 — Bluefield College
Bluefield College was chartered in May 1920 as “an institution of learning for the instruction of boys and young men in the various branches of science, literature, philosophy, and the liberal and useful arts.” With strong support from . . . — Map (db m1824) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), North Tazewell — X-29 — Roark’s Gap Incident
During the French and Indian War (1754-1763) and the American Revolution (1775 1783), European powers encouraged their Indian allies to attack frontier settlers. Such conflicts took place as settlers moved into lands that once were Indian . . . — Map (db m89775) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Pocahontas — XP 5 — Abb’s Valley
Five miles southwest is Abb’s Valley, discovered by Absalom Looney. James Moore and Robert Poage were the first settlers, about 1770. In July, 1786, Shawnee Indians raided the valley, killing or carrying into captivity the Moore family. Mary (Polly) . . . — Map (db m1859) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — J-8 — Capture of Front Royal
Stonewall Jackson, Moving against Banks, captured this town from a Union force under Colonel Kenly, May 23, 1862. — Map (db m587) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — The CourthouseFront Royal Street Fighting — Battle of Front Royal, May 23, 1862
As Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s army pushed its way into Front Royal, Col. Bradley T. Johnson’s 1st Maryland Infantry (CSA) confronted Col. John R. Kenly’s 1st Maryland Infantry (US). The street fighting grew especially hot here, . . . — Map (db m588) HM
Virginia (Washington County), Abingdon — K-47 — King's Mountain Men
From this vicinity went forth a force of Virginians, under the command of Colonel William Campbell, to fight against the British in the Carolinas, 1780. The Virginia troops played an important part in the victory of King's Mountain, South Carolina, . . . — Map (db m45394) HM
Virginia (Washington County), Emory-Meadow View — I-7 — Emory and Henry College
One mile north is Emory and Henry College, founded in 1836, the first institution of higher learning in southwest Virginia. It was named for Bishop John Emory of the Methodist Church and Patrick Henry, the orator of the Revolution. Four bishops of . . . — Map (db m46245) HM
Virginia (Wise County), Pound — Daniel Webster Dotson
Entering the town of Lieutenant Daniel Webster Dotson, born Sept 25, 1920; died May 2, 1953. A veteran of the Korean War and World War II. Virginia’s second-highest decorated soldier and Wise County’s most decorated soldier in the Korean War. — Map (db m90844) HM
Virginia (Wythe County), Wytheville — Z-84 — Wythe County / Bland CountyArea 479 Square Miles / Area 360 Square Miles
Wythe County. Formed in 1789 from Montgomery, and named for George Wythe, signer of the Declaration of Independence. New River flows through this county. Bland County. Formed in 1861 from Wythe, Tazewell and Giles. Named for Richard . . . — Map (db m44146) HM
Washington (King County), Seattle — The Fremont TrollThe Troll Under the Bridge
The Fremont Troll was designed and built by Steve Badanes, Will Martin, Donna Walter and Ross Witehead with the help from the community. The Fremont Arts Council sponsored the project, which hoped to build a greater sense of place in the . . . — Map (db m99725) HM
West Virginia (Fayette County), Ansted — Hawk’s Nest
Once called Marshall’s Pillar for Chief Justice John Marshall, who came here, 1812. U.S. engineers declare the New River Canyon, 585 feet deep, surpasses the famed Royal Gorge. Tunnel for river makes vast water power here. — Map (db m20675) HM
West Virginia (Grant County), Mt. Storm — Fort Ogden
Frontier defense, including blockhouse, stockade, and cabins. Part of the chain of forts established by George Washington about 1755. Point of refuge for the Bowmans, Lees, Logsdons and many pioneer families. — Map (db m75185) HM
West Virginia (Hampshire County), Bloomery — “Caudy’s Castle”
Named for James Caudy, pioneer and Indian fighter, who took refuge from the Indians on a mass of rocks overlooking Cacapon River during the French and Indian War (1754–1763). From his position on the Castle of Rocks, he defended himself by . . . — Map (db m20850) HM
West Virginia (Hardy County), Moorefield — Maslin House — Civil War 1861–1865
Built in 1848 by Thomas Maslin, one of the leading citizens of the area. During the War Between the States while the town was in the hands of Union Forces, many Confederate sympathizers were hidden in a secret cellar room of the house. — Map (db m9226) HM
West Virginia (Jackson County), Ripley — Brother Harry Ripley
Brother Harry Ripley was a circuit-riding minister for the Methodist church. According to legend, he had planned to wed a local girl and build the first church in the community. Tragedy struck, however, when he drowned in Mill Creek with their . . . — Map (db m10915) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Jefferson County / State of Virginia
(East Facing Side): Jefferson County Formed in 1801 from Berkeley. Named for Thomas Jefferson. Home of Generals Gates, Drake, and Charles Lee. Here four companies of Washington’s men organized. Shepherdstown was strongly urged as a . . . — Map (db m1949) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Keyes Gap
Formerly Vestal’s Gap. Historic gateway through the Blue Ridge into Shenandoah Valley. It was oftern used by Washington and by armies of the Blue and Gray, 1861–65. Here passed part of Braddock’s army, 1755, en route to Fort Duquesne. — Map (db m981) HM
West Virginia (Marion County), Worthington — Coon’s Fort
To the south, Indian fort built in 1777 under direction of Captain James Booth. It was an important place of refuge for many early settlers in this valley. Near by was the iron furnace built by Benjamin Brice in 1812. — Map (db m75093) HM
West Virginia (Marshall County), Moundsville — Moundsville / Capt. James Harrod
Moundsville. Named for Grave Creek Mound. This mound, 900 feet around, 70 feet high, is the largest conical mound in America. The inscribed stone found in it has never been deciphered. Near by was the Indian fort built by Joseph Tomlinson. . . . — Map (db m20373) HM
West Virginia (Monongalia County), Morgantown — Seneca Glass Company
In 1891, a small group of glass-making artisans from Seneca County, Ohio, founded the Seneca Glass Company. For almost 100 years, Seneca Glass Company’s highly skilled craftspeople manufactured glassware and exquisitely etched lead crystal by hand, . . . — Map (db m74624) HM
West Virginia (Monongalia County), Pentress — Border Heroine
Frontier narratives record many hostilities between settlers and Native Americans. One account states Mrs. Bozarth, in a hand-to-hand fight, armed with axe only, killed three men during a 1779 attack on her cabin at the Dunkard Creek settlement. — Map (db m1031) HM
West Virginia (Ohio County), Wheeling — McColloch’s Leap
Major Samuel McColloch daring scout, gallant soldier while attempting the relief of Fort Henry at Wheeling September, 1777 escaped an overwhelming body of Indians by forcing his horse over this precipice — Map (db m513) HM
West Virginia (Pendleton County), Circleville — Spruce Knob
Spruce Knob (9 miles west), 4,860 feet and the highest point in West Virginia, lies slightly above the crest ridge of Spruce Mountain. The crest lies above 4,500 feet for more than 10 miles and is strewn with fragments of Pottsville Sandstone of the . . . — Map (db m99532) HM
West Virginia (Ritchie County), Pennsboro — Pennsboro B&O Depot
Constructed in two phases: east end construction circa 1883; east end remodeled and west end constructed circal 1900. The depot closed in 1974. The last passenger train passed through in the Spring of 1981. Restoration began in the early . . . — Map (db m42243) HM
West Virginia (Taylor County), Boothsville — Marion County / Taylor County
Marion County. Formed, 1842, from Harrison and Monongalia Counties. Named for hero of the Revolution, General Francis Marion. County was home of Francis H. Pierpont, leader in the formation of this State. The Monongahela River forms just above . . . — Map (db m75098) HM
West Virginia (Taylor County), Pruntytown — Industrial School for Boys
The West Virginia Industrial School for Boys was established in 1889 by an act of the Legislature and was formally opened July 21, 1891 for the purpose of training boys commited to the Institution by the courts of West Virginia. — Map (db m74923) HM
West Virginia (Tucker County), Thomas — Coketon Colored School
Segregated school located along the North Fork of the Blackwater that served Coketon, center of coal and coke empire of H. G. Davis. In 1892 teacher Carrie Williams, represented by J. R. Clifford, state’s first African Amerian lawyer, sued when . . . — Map (db m82119) HM
West Virginia (Tucker County), Thomas — The Blackwater
To the southwest is Blackwater Falls, 63 feet high, and its rugged gorge. It drains lovely Canaan Valley, which may be seen from the mountain top, 3700 feet high. It was made famous in “Blackwater Chronicles” by “Porte . . . — Map (db m74823) HM

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