“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

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Colchester Marker image, Touch for more information
By J. J. Prats, March 26, 2006
Colchester Marker
State Historical Markers Numbering Plans
(db m2)
District of Columbia (Washington), American University Park — 16 — Winning the WarTop of the Town — Tenleytown Heritage Trail
The U.S. Navy arrived across the street at 3801 Nebraska Avenue during World War II, taking the Colonial style red-brick campus of Mount Vernon Seminary for secret “essential wartime activities.” Soon more than 5,000 workers occupied . . . — Map (db m47787) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — Kawaiaha‘o Landmark
William Charles Lunalilo was the kingdom’s sixth monarch and proved to be very popular from the beginning of his reign. King Kamehameha V had preceded Lunalilo and had died without naming a successor. Therefore Lunalilo was appointed by the . . . — Map (db m13809) HM
Hawaii (Honolulu County), Honolulu — King William Charles LunaliloJan. 31, 1835 – Feb. 3, 1874
King Kamehameha V died on December 11, 1872, without naming a successor to the throne. Prince William Charles Lunalilo was the highest ranking Chief at that time. Instead of claiming his birthright to the throne, he wanted the people to choose their . . . — Map (db m13788) HM
Hawaii (Kauai County), Poipu — 2 — Prince Kūhiō Birthplace & ParkKōloa Heritage Trail — Ka Ala Hele Waiwai Ho‘olina o Kōloa — Preserving the Heritage of Po‘ipū & Kōloa
Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana‘ole was born in a grass hut near this spot to Princess Kinoike Kekaulike and High Chief David Kahalepouli Pi‘ikoi. He became a delagate to U.S. Congress after Hawai‘i became a Territory in 1900, serving for 19 . . . — Map (db m12778) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Mullan — 421 — Lead-Silver Mines
In more than a century after rich lodes were discovered in 1884, this valley has become North and South America’s largest producer of silver. More than 5 billion dollars worth of lead, silver, and zinc—including more than a billion ounces . . . — Map (db m91487) HM
Illinois (Kankakee County), Bourbonnais — Bourbonnais Grove
Bourbonnais Grove’s first families came from Quebec’s Upper St. Lawrence Valley in the 1830s and ’40s to settle what would become the largest 19th century French-Canadian agrarian village in Illinois. Some immigrants moved on to found St. Anne, St. . . . — Map (db m105623) HM
Illinois (Kankakee County), Bourbonnais — The Durham-Perry Family Legacy
Thomas Durham bought 160 acres on this site in 1835 from Gurdon S. Hubbard. Known as the Jonveau Reserve, the land lay in an area called Bourbonnais Grove. Durham opened 20 acres for cultivation. In January 1836, parts of Cook and Iroquois Counties . . . — Map (db m105729) HM
Indiana (Hancock County), Greenfield — 30.1966.1 — Birthplace of Democratic Party Rooster
The use of the rooster as a Democratic party symbol originated in Greenfield in the 1840 campaign. The rooster was later adopted by the state and national Democratic parties. — Map (db m273) HM
Indiana (Wayne County), Richmond — The First Toll Gate
This tablet marks the site of the first toll gate in the state of Indiana erected about 1850. — Map (db m288) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — The National Road(Called The Cumberland Road)
Was the first of the internal improvements undertaken by the U.S. Government. Surveys were authorized in 1806 over the route of “Braddock’s Road,” which followed “Nemacolin’s Path,” an Indian trail, over which George . . . — Map (db m444) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Brunswick — Train No. 286 Bell Memorial
(below the window) Preserve the memory of train crew by ringing this bell for Ricky, Jimmy and Jim. (above the window) The bricks which make up the base of the bell memorial came from the B & O roundhouse that once stood in . . . — Map (db m1981) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Friendsville — Friend’s Graveyard
Nearby are the graves of John Friend, Sr. (1732–1808), Kerrenhappuch Hyatt (d. 1798), his wife, and their son Gabriel (1761–1852), John and Gabriel were soldiers in the Revolution. The first permanent settlers in Garrett County, they . . . — Map (db m405) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Grantsville — The Fuller-Baker HouseA Rare Log Building with a Pedigree
This humble log cabin is a rare survivor of a common dwelling built by early settlers on the Allegheny frontier. Built after 1813 as a two-story log building, its large size has led some to believe it was once used as a tavern, giving respite to . . . — Map (db m4921) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Redhouse — Highest Point on the Maryland State Roads System
Elevation 3095 feet. Maryland State Roads Commission. J. N. Mackall, Chairman & Chief Engineer; L.T. Downey, District Engineer. Contractor: T. D. Claiborne Co. Inc., August Mencken. — Map (db m1071) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Newlin’s Mill
In 1800, Thomas Moore, Jr. and his wife, Mary Brooke Moore sold to David Newlin four acres inherited from Mrs. Moore's father, Roger Brooke IV, described as "standing below Newlin's Mill dam". Initially, Newlin operated an oil mill on this site, . . . — Map (db m369) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Dickerson — Springing Over the MonocacyThe Enduring Aqueduct
Springing Over the Monocacy. Captain William McNeill of the U.S. Topographical Engineers called this aqueduct “...a work which, while it is highly ornamental, its plan and execution, ‘the true principles of economy, usefulness . . . — Map (db m714) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Seneca — Planetary Radio Emissions Discovery Site
In 1955 scientists Bernard Burke and Kenneth Franklin from the Carnegie Institution of Washington accidentally discovered naturally-generated radio waves from Jupiter using a 96-acre antenna array. The discovery led to greater understanding of . . . — Map (db m745) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), St. Mary’s City — Entrance to First State House of Maryland
In memory of Nicholas Young of St. Mary’s Co. Maryland, elected to the House of Burgesses Nov 30, 1665. Boxwood dedicated June 13, 1932, and tablet placed through Maj. William Thomas Chapter, D.A.R. by Delia Harris Maddox, Ann Delia Power . . . — Map (db m1006) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), St. Mary’s City — Here Lyeth The Body
Here lyeth the body of Lionel Copley of Wadworth, County York, England, born 1648, died Sept. 27, 1693. And of Anne Boteler, his wife, of Watton, Woodhull, County Herts, England, died March 5, 1692. He was sometime Lieutenant Governour of . . . — Map (db m1005) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonesboro — The Maryland Campaign of 1862
On September 4, 1862, General Robert E. Lee, hoping to shorten the war by winning a decisive victory on Northern soil, crossed the Potomac River into Maryland. Lee planned to draw the Army of the Potomac through South Mountain into Pennsylvania and . . . — Map (db m2041) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Boonsboro — The Battle of Antietam or Sharpsburg
The bloodiest conflict of the War Between the States occurred September 17, 1862, a few miles from this point (turn left in the center of Boonsboro). — Map (db m456) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hancock — Sideling Hill and Town Hill Mountains
Rainwater enters the outcropping sandstones of Sideling Hill and collects in what is termed an aquifer. In this highway cut, the water runs out at the bottom of the fractured sandstone layers because it cannot go through the dense claystone below. . . . — Map (db m5543) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hancock — The National RoadThe Road that Built the Nation
“. . . so many happy people, restless in the midst of abundance.” —Alexis de Tocqueville, 1840. Americans are an adventurous people. From past to present, they have used feet, horses, wagons, stagecoaches, canals, . . . — Map (db m824) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Myersville — The National RoadThe Road that Built the Nation
“. . . so many happy people, restless in the midst of abundance.” —Alexis de Tocqueville, 1840. Americans are an adventurous people. From past to present, they have used feet, horses, wagons, stagecoaches, canals, . . . — Map (db m671) HM
New Jersey (Morris County), Netcong — Lake Musconetcong
Created in 1846 as the Morris Canal’s Stanhope Reservoir. This lake supplied water that filled the canal and powered local industries. Mules treading an earthen causeway across the lake pulled boats loaded with coal, iron ore, or freight along a . . . — Map (db m37927) HM
New Mexico (Mora County), Mora — Curanderas — Women Who Heal — New Mexico Historic Women Marker Initiative
In New Mexico, women blessed with special knowledge of herbs, household remedies, human health and strong faith are trusted to cure real or imaged maladies. Known as Curanderas, these women have been an integral part of the Hispanic fabric in . . . — Map (db m73273) HM
New Mexico (Rio Arriba County), Abiquiu — Georgia O’Keeffe(1887–1986) — New Mexico Historic Women Marker Initiative
One of America’s great and most celebrated painters of the twentieth century, Georgia O’Keeffe is known for her unique depictions of natural and architectural forms. She began spending summers painting in Northern New Mexico in 1929 and moved from . . . — Map (db m73124) HM
New Mexico (Rio Arriba County), Truchas — Truchas
In 1754, Governor Tomás Vélez Cachupín granted land on the Rio Truchas to families from Santa Cruz and Chimayó. Because Nuestra Señora de Rosario de Truchas was on the northern frontier, and subject to attack by Plains Indians, the governor . . . — Map (db m64915) HM
New Mexico (San Miguel County), Sapello — Hermit’s PeakElevation– 10,212
From 1863 to 1867, this mountain was the home of Juan Maria Agostini, an Italian penitent who lived there as a hermit, carving crucifixes and religious emblems which he traded for food. Leaving this area, he moved to the Organ Mountains, in southern . . . — Map (db m73309) HM
New Mexico (Sandoval County), Jemez Pueblo — Evelyn M. Vigil, Phan-Un-Pha-Kee (Young Doe) 1921–1995Juanita T. Toledo, Pha-Wa-Luh-Luh (Ring-Cloud Around the Moon) 1914–1999 — New Mexico Historic Women Marker Initiative
Jemez Pueblo. Evelyn M. Vigil, a descendant of the last remaining Pecos residents that moved to Jemez Pueblo in 1838, led a revival of Pecos Pueblo style pottery. She spent time at Pecos National Historic Park studying materials and techniques . . . — Map (db m73244) HM
New Mexico (Sandoval County), Jemez Springs — Valle Grande
About one million years ago, the magnificent valley before you was formed by collapse, after a series of tremendous volcanic eruptions ejected a volume of material more than 500 times greater than the May 1980 eruptions of Mt. St. Helens. This event . . . — Map (db m73235) HM
New Mexico (Santa Fe County), La Cienega — Golondrinas Old Cienega Village Museum
Established in the 1700, Rancho de Las Golondrinas was a paraje, or stopping place, which provided a welcome respite to weary travelers along the Camino Real well into the 19th century. The site is now a living historical museum which features a . . . — Map (db m64956) HM
New Mexico (Santa Fe County), Santa Fe — 18 — 1982 — Commemorative Walkway Park
While responding to a request to give the Last Rites to a dying man, Franciscan Father Reynaldo Rivera, rector at St. Francis Cathedral, was kidnapped and brutally murdered, sending Santa Fe and the entire state into shock. Ironically, Father Rivera . . . — Map (db m76317) HM
New Mexico (Santa Fe County), Santa Fe — Mother Magdalen and the Sisters of Loretto (1852-1968)
(side one) Four Sisters of Loretto, Mother Magdalen Hayden and Sisters Roberta Brown, Rosana Dant and Catherine Mahoney, arrived in Santa Fe from Kentucky on September 26, 1852. In January 1853 they established Our Lady of Light Academy, . . . — Map (db m45597) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Three Sisters Islands
These picturesque islands have also been known as the "Moss Islands" because fine growths of moss once covered their rocks. The smooth surfaces of the rocks and the great number of potholes are clues that these islands were once submerged . . . — Map (db m75986) HM
New York (Schuyler County), Watkins Glen — The Original Watkins Glen Circuit1848–1952
On this spot the green flag dropped for twenty-three sports cars to start the first road race in the United States after World War II. It was October 2, a beautiful, crisp Saturday in 1948. The event, sanctioned by the Sports Car Club, of . . . — Map (db m80030) HM
New York (Steuben County), Corning — At This Location an Alliance of Prosperity was Formed1868–2001
During the 150th anniversary of Corning Incorporated’s history in the year 2001 our community presents this David Dowler Sculpture commemorating the 1868 unloading of the company’s first machinery at this site. Thus began an alliance with the . . . — Map (db m80028) HM
New York (Steuben County), Corning — Market Street Historic DistrictCenterway Square — Corning’s Gaffer District
In recognition of its historical and architectural importance, Market Street has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The street is composed of fine examples of late 19th Century commercial buildings rehabilitated as part of a . . . — Map (db m79989) HM
New York (Westchester County), Tarrytown — Asbury M. E. Church
Founded 1796 by Rev. John Barnet Matthias, itinerant preacher. Church first incorporated in 1807. This building erected 1837. — Map (db m34651) HM
North Carolina (Alleghany County), Hare — Fox Hunters Paradise
The knoll low on the ridge to the right boasts this celestial name. It is well known locally that hunters often sat about a night fire there while they followed the chase in the lowlands. They knew which hound held the lead by the . . . — Map (db m104662) HM
North Carolina (Brunswick County), Brunswick Town State Historic Site — Russelborough
Erected by Captain John Russell, Commander of His Britannic Majesty's Sloop of War Scorpion, who gave his name to this residence and tract of fifty-five acres of land adjacent to the town of Brunswick. Subsequently owned and occupied by the British . . . — Map (db m22372) HM
North Carolina (Brunswick County), Brunswick Town State Historic Site — D 82 — Russellborough
Home of royal governors Dobbs and Tryon. Site of Stamp Act resistance in 1765. Burned in American Revolution. — Map (db m22197) HM
North Carolina (Brunswick County), Smithville — D-14 — Arthur Dobbs1689–1765
Royal Governor 1754–65. Scholar, engineer, and member of Irish Parliament. Promoted immigration to colony. Grave 2 miles south. — Map (db m6436) HM
North Carolina (Brunswick County), Southport — (Map of the First 100 Lots)
Here on this small bluff overlooking the Cape Fear River, Joshua Potts in the year 1790 envisioned a town surrounding old Fort Johnston. “Braced up by the effects of the salubrious breeze, from the sea,” Joshua Potts laid out the first . . . — Map (db m4792) HM
North Carolina (Brunswick County), Southport — Indian Trail TreeKeziah Memorial Park — William Barnum Keziah, 1885–1957, “The Rovin’ Reporter”
This ancient gnarled oak has been estimated to be more than 800 years old. Indians may have bent the young tree to mark the trail to their fishing grounds. The tree took root a second time, thus developing the unusual formation. — Map (db m20366) HM
North Carolina (Cumberland County), Grays Creek — I-59 — Dunn’s Creek Quaker Meeting
Started about 1746; joined yearly meeting, 1760; discontinued about 1781. Site and cemetery are 2.5 miles S.E. — Map (db m1946) HM
North Carolina (Granville County), Butner — G-105 — Camp Butner
World war II infantry training camp; housed Axis prisoners of war. Named for N.C. native, Gen. Henry W. Butner. — Map (db m27531) HM
North Carolina (Granville County), Oxford — G-56 — Nat’l Rochester1752-1831
Officer in Revolution. Member, N.C. Provincial Congress & legislature. Founded Rochester, N.Y., 1811. Home was nearby. — Map (db m841) HM
North Carolina (Granville County), Stovall — G-1 — John Penn—1740–1788—
One of North Carolina’s three signers of the Declaration of Independence. His home stood three miles northeast. — Map (db m27414) HM
North Carolina (New Hanover County), Castle Hayne — D-22 — Early Drawbridge
One of the few drawbridges in the American colonies was built near here by Benjamin Heron about 1768. Destroyed by British troops, 1781. — Map (db m29204) HM
North Carolina (Pender County), Burgaw — D-18 — S. S. Satchwell
A founder of State Medical Society, 1849, head of Confederate Hospital at Wilson, first president of the State Board of Health, 1879. Home stood here. — Map (db m30271) HM
North Carolina (Pender County), Willard — D-106 — Timothy Bloodworth1736-1814
U.S. Senator, 1795–1801; member, U.S. House, in First Congress, 1790–91. Opposed ratification of U.S. Constitution, 1788, 1789. Lived near here. — Map (db m28613) HM
North Carolina (Robeson County), Pembroke — I-8 — Burnt Swamp Association
Baptist churches serving Lumbee and other tribes. Association was formed in 1881 at Burnt Swamp Church, then 2½ mi. N. — Map (db m102256) HM
Ohio (Belmont County), Barnesville — B&O Railroad Tunnel
You are standing over a 423 foot man-made sandstone tunnel built by the railroad between 1864 and 1870. Located on the Pittsburgh-Columbus main line, up to 37 trains a day passed under East Main Street during the railroad’s heyday. The station, . . . — Map (db m21012) HM
Ohio (Belmont County), Elizabethtown — 1-7 — Mile Marker
The earliest highway signs along the National Road (Route 40) in Ohio were milestones located at one-mile intervals along the north side of the roadway. Each stone indicated the distance to Cumberland, Maryland, the eastern terminus of the National . . . — Map (db m21058) HM
Ohio (Franklin County), Columbus — 101-25 — Carrie Nelson Black(1859–1936) — Founder, The Breathing Association, 1906
In 1906. Carrie Nelson Black founded the Columbus Society for the Prevention and Control of Tuberculosis. now The Breathing Association. A woman ahead of her time, she volunteered as President and Chief Executive for thirty years, using her keen . . . — Map (db m82134) HM
Ohio (Franklin County), Columbus — 72-25 — The Ohio State Fair
First held in Cincinnati in 1850, the Ohio State Fair was organized by the Ohio Board of Agriculture to promote agricultural education and recognize achievements. The second fair was held in Franklinton (now part of Columbus) on the farm of Michael . . . — Map (db m2043) HM
Ohio (Franklin County), Columbus — 83-25 — Tod Barracks, 1863
One of five Civil War military posts in Columbus, Tod Barracks, named in honor of Governor David Tod, was built in 1863 as the headquarters for military administration in central Ohio. Necessitated by Lincoln’s call for 300,000 new troops, the post . . . — Map (db m9834) HM
Ohio (Licking County), Granville — This Fraternity House
This fraternity house, built in 1930, has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior. Mu Chapter of Sigma Chi. Chartered March 2, 1868. — Map (db m301) HM
Ohio (Muskingum County), Zanesville — Sixth Street Bridge
The original Sixth Street Bridge, constructed at a cost of $72,960, opened on December 7, 1885. The structure consisted of four wrought-iron trusses which spanned the Muskingum River and one swing truss which spanned the Muskingum Improvement Canal. . . . — Map (db m277) HM
Ohio (Muskingum County), Zanesville — 3-60 — Y-Bridge — 1902
World famous part of the Old National Road. Maintained by Muskingum County. Marker by Ohio Society of Professional Engineers. Approved by the Ohio Historical Society. — Map (db m9555) HM
Ohio (Tuscarawas County), New Philadelphia — 3-79 — The History of Tuscarawas County Courthouses
When David Knisely, the founder of New Philadelphia, first arrived in the Tuscarawas Valley on August 27, 1803, he found a sparsely populated, pristine wilderness. Five years later the state legislature approved a bill organizing Tuscarawas County . . . — Map (db m292) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Oakmont — Camp D. D. Gaillard
15th U.S. Engineers. World War Volunteers. Enlisted at Pittsburgh. Trained here May 23, 1917 to July 8, 1917. Embarked from New York July 9, 1917. England July 19, 1917, to July 23, 1917. First Armed foreign troops to land in England since Sixteenth . . . — Map (db m137) HM
Pennsylvania (Chester County), Malvern — “A Dreadful scene of havock”
In 1782, five years after Paoli, this picture was painted in London for a British officer who participated in the battle. Although the artist, Xavier della Gatta, never saw the Paoli Battlefield, this rare contemporary image of Revolutionary War . . . — Map (db m13507) HM
Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Brownsville — Brownsville - Route 40 Bridge
ASM International has designated Brownsville - Route 40 Bridge an historical landmark. This bridge, designed by and built under the supervision of Capt. Richard Delafield in 1839 to improve the "National Road", is the first cast iron bridge to be . . . — Map (db m252) HM
Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Farmington — Braddock Park
Gen. Edward Braddock was buried here in 1755, after his disastrous defeat and death. The site of his original grave, the new grave to which his remains were moved in 1804, and a trace of the Braddock Road may be seen here. — Map (db m310) HM
Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Farmington — Road to Disaster
On June 25, 1755, the largest army assembled in North America up to that time passed this spot. British Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock led the first 1,400 soldiers of his 2,400-man army along a 12-foot-wide road. Lt. Col. Thomas Dunbar lagged behind with . . . — Map (db m338) HM
Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Farmington — The Polo Player
William Behrends — The Polo Player. The bronze Polo Player is the work of William Behrends, one of the nation's foremost sculptors. Educated both in the U.S.A. and Europe, Behrends has won some of the nation's top sculpture awards. His . . . — Map (db m503) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), York Township — York Imperial Apple
Here, at a nursery located on Springwood Farms, a new variety of apple was propagated by Jonathan Jessop in 1820. In 1855 it was named the “York Imperial.” It became a leading variety which was widely grown in the U.S. — Map (db m5907) HM
Puerto Rico (San Juan Municipality), San Juan — Noel Estrada“En mi Viejo San Juan”
En este lugar (antigua Barbería Piñol) el compositor Noel Estrada ensayó por primera vez con el Trío Vegabajeño la canción “En mi Viejo San Juan,” grabada en 1946. English translation: In this place (the former Barbershop . . . — Map (db m74327) HM
South Carolina (Dillon County), Lake View — 17-14 — Ford’s Mill & Page’s Mill / Lake View
In 1792 Major William Ford built a dam at each end of Bear Swamp, creating a millpond and building a grist mill. This area was known as Ford’s Mill for many years. In 1870 Dr. C. T. Ford sold the property to his brother-in-law, Joseph N. Page, who . . . — Map (db m27945) HM
South Carolina (Georgetown County), Georgetown — 22-22 — Bethel Church
This African Methodist Episcopal Church was the first separate black church in Georgetown County. It was established by the Rev. A.T. Carr shortly after the 1863 Emancipation Proclamation which freed the slaves. The church purchased this property . . . — Map (db m7244) HM
South Carolina (Georgetown County), Georgetown — Major C. Spencer Guerry
After graduating from the University of South Carolina, C. Spencer Guerry began his law enforcement career on March 1, 1979, by joining the Georgetown Police Department. He rose through various positions of increasing responsibility until attaining . . . — Map (db m7764) HM
South Carolina (Georgetown County), Georgetown — 22-45 — Robert Stewart House
The Robert Steward House was built between 1740 and 1770 by Robert Stewart (d.1776), planter and militia captain; it was acquired in 1787 by Daniel Tucker (d. 1797), prominent Georgetown merchant. When President George Washington arrived in . . . — Map (db m4856) HM
South Carolina (Georgetown County), Sampit — 22-7 — Skirmish at Sampit Bridge
In the early evening about March 20, 1781, the last skirmish between General Marion and Colonel Watson was fought at Sampit Bridge, one-half mile west of this spot. Col. Watson’s loss was twenty men killed and a large number wounded; General . . . — Map (db m17014) HM
South Carolina (Horry County), Conway — Benjamin Grier Collins
1845–1929 A pioneer who devoted his life to the religious and social welfare of his town and county. • A benefactor to rich and poor who gave wholeheartedly of his time and talents to the enrichment of his fellow man. • A staunch Christian . . . — Map (db m848) HM
South Carolina (Horry County), Conway — 26-6 — First Methodist Church
Methodist Bishop Francis Asbury’s many visits to Kingston (Conway) between 1785 and 1815 preceded the organization of a Methodist congregation here. Land was obtained in 1842 and the first church building was constructed here in 1844. Still . . . — Map (db m11259) HM
South Carolina (Horry County), Conway — 26-5 — Kingston-Conway / Robert Conway
Kingston-Conway By 1733, Kingston Township had been “marked out” in this area, and by 1737 the town of Kingston was in existence. Since many landowners were non-residents, the township did not flourish. In 1801, the town was . . . — Map (db m11291) HM
South Carolina (Marion County), Nichols — Drowning Creek
Drowning Creek the original name of Lumber River arising in NC with dangerous undercurrents, flowing past Nichols, SC, through Marion County, that was originally old Georgetown District and Liberty County. A crucial part in the defeat of the Tories . . . — Map (db m5085) HM
South Dakota (Minnehaha County), Sioux Falls — Frederick Manfred’s “Siouxland”
This spot is near the center of an area called “Siouxland,” so named by writer Frederick F. Manfred (1912–1994). Manfred established a distinct identity for this region, the drainage basin of the Big Sioux River. It includes parts . . . — Map (db m92175) HM
Tennessee (Hamilton County), Chattanooga — 1790 John Ross 1866
John Ross was the grandson of John McDonald and the son of Daniel Ross natives of Scotland and partners in a trading post established at Ross’s Landing. He dedicated himself to the education of the Cherokee Nation. JOHN ROSS is called the greatest . . . — Map (db m36278) HM
Virginia (Accomack County), Tangier — Dr. Copter — Flying Medicine to TangierDavid Buell Nichols, MD — Feb 18, 1948 – Dec 30, 2010
Every week for more than thirty years Dr. David Buell Nichols made the voyage from Hummel Field in Middlesex County to Tangier Island in the Chesapeake Bay to administer health care to those in need. For an island with no resident doctor, the sound . . . — Map (db m97803) HM
Virginia (Accomack County), Tangier — Welcome To Historic Tangier Island
For almost 250 years the people of Tangier have wrested a living and a lifestyle from the waters that surround them. Most of their days have been occupied with family, work, church, and the other normal pursuits in which we all engage. But they have . . . — Map (db m97723) HM
Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — Kappa Sigma Fraternity
Here on December the tenth MDCCCLXIX the Kappa Sigma Fraternity was founded by William Grisby McCormick • George Miles Arnold • John Covert Boyd • Edmund Law Rogers • Frank Courtney Nicodemus. Manet Mansuraque Est.Map (db m8812) HM
Virginia (Albemarle County), Charlottesville — William Holding Echols — 1859–1934
William Holding Echols (1859–1934), Professor of Mathematics, lived in this pavilion. By precept and example, he taught many generations of students with ruthless insistence that the supreme values are self respect, integrity of mind, contempt . . . — Map (db m62645) HM
Virginia (Albemarle County), Ivy — W-161 — Birthplace of Meriwether Lewis
Half a mile north was born, 1774, Meriwether Lewis, of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, sent by Jefferson to explore the far west, 1804–1806. The expedition reached the mouth of the Columbia River, November 15, 1805. — Map (db m1795) HM
Virginia (Albemarle County), Scottsville — GA-36 — Historic Scottsville
In 1745 old Albemarle County was organized at Scott’s landing, its first county seat, here on the great horseshoe bend of the James River. In 1818 the town was incorporated as Scottsville, beginning in 1840 it flourished as the chief port above . . . — Map (db m17894) HM
Virginia (Albemarle County), Simeon — FL-8 — Ash Lawn – Highland
This estate was the home of James Monroe, fifth president of the United States. In 1793, James and Elizabeth Kortright Monroe purchased 1,000 acres adjoining Jefferson’s Monticello. Called Highland, the plantation, eventually totaling 3,500 acres, . . . — Map (db m23437) HM
Virginia, Alexandria — Home of Edmund Jennings LeeCompleted 1801
Eminent lawyer, he lived here until 1837. His son, Cassius Francis Lee until 1865. Edmund Jennings Lee served as Vestryman and Warden of Christ Church, whose Glebe lands he successfully defended from confiscation after the Revolutionary War. Major . . . — Map (db m8566) HM
Virginia (Amherst County), Madison Heights — Z-17 — Amherst County / Campbell CountyArea 470 Square Miles / Area 557 Square Miles
  Amherst County. Formed in 1761 from Albemarle, and named for Jeffrey, Lord Amherst, British commander in the French and Indian War. Balcony Falls are in this county. Campbell County. Formed in 1781 from Bedford, and named for General . . . — Map (db m46431) HM
Virginia (Amherst County), Madison Heights — Williams Viaduct
This bridge was erected by Norfolk & Western Railway Co., Chesepeake & Ohio Railway Co., Southern Railway Co., City of Lynchburg, Va. Begun 1916. Completed 1918. Bridge Commissioners Ernest Williams, Chairman; William King, Jr.; John P. Pettyjohn. — Map (db m46534) HM
Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington — 17 — Fort Berry
Historical Site Defenses of Washington 1861-1865 Fort Berry Immediately to the west stood Fort Berry, a redoubt constructed in 1863 at the north flank of the defenses of Alexandria, but also flanking the Columbia Turnpike and the Arlington Line . . . — Map (db m5154) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Middlebrook — A-106 — Mount Tabor Lutheran Church
Shenandoah Valley circuit-riding preacher Paul Henkel formed Mount Tabor Lutheran Church about 1785, several miles to the east. It shared a log building with St. John’s, a Lutheran and Reformed union congregation. Under the direction of David . . . — Map (db m50578) HM
Virginia (Augusta County), Mount Solon — W-241 — Stokesville
The village of Stokesville, established by 1901, became a boomtown after the Chesapeake Western Railway was extended here in 1902. Tram lines into the mountains brought timber to the rail head. Lumber mills, bark tanneries, a stave and heading . . . — Map (db m98139) HM
Virginia (Bath County), Hot Springs — Virginia Hot Springs Company World War Memorial
Erected 1920 by the Virginia Hot Springs Company commemorating the planting of trees along this boulevard. A memorial of patriotism and a tribute of honor to the employees of this Company and the men of Bath County who in 1917 and 1918 served in . . . — Map (db m69930) WM
Virginia (Bath County), Millboro Springs — Z-135 — Bath County / Rockbridge County
(East Facing Side):Bath County Area 545 Square MilesFormed in 1790 from Augusta, Greenbrier, and Botetourt, and probably named for the town of Bath in England. The warm springs and hot springs are in this county. (West Facing . . . — Map (db m34304) HM
Virginia (Carroll County), Hillsville — U-27 — John Carroll
During the 1842 session of the Virginia General Assembly, despite opposition, John Carroll successfully sponsored a bill partitioning Grayson County and forming a new county, thus fulfilling his campaign pledge. Local tradition holds that the . . . — Map (db m104621) HM
Virginia, Charlottesville — President Monroe’s Local Homes
In 1789 James Monroe moved to Charlottesville and for one year his home was located in the first block west of this site. Then he lived for nine years in the home he built on what is now called “Monroe Hill” at the University of . . . — Map (db m19808) HM
Virginia, Charlottesville — Q-20 — Stone Tavern and Central Hotel
George Nicholas, Albemarle County’s Virginia General Assembly delegate in 1783, built a stone house here in 1784. James Monroe occupied it 1789-1790, while improving the dwelling at his nearby farm, later the site of the University of Virginia. Here . . . — Map (db m19830) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — J-43 — Lucy Diggs Slowe(4 Jul. 1883 – 21 Oct. 1837)
Lucy Slowe, educator, was born in Berryville. In 1908, while attending Howard University, she became a founding member of Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, the first Greek letter organization for African American women, and was elected its first . . . — Map (db m104725) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — In Memory of Major John Pelham
(south face) In memory of Major John Pelham. Born Sept. 7, 1838 in Calhoun Co. Ala. Mortally wounded March 17, 1863 near Kelly’s Ford, Va. (east face) Base stone from Kelly’s Ford battlefield near spot where Pelham fell. . . . — Map (db m86880) HM
Virginia (Dickenson County), Birchleaf — XB-24 — Colley’s Cabin
Near here stood the cabin of Richard “Fighting Dick” Colley who was one of the earliest settlers in what is now Dickenson County. — Map (db m90739) HM
Virginia, Fairfax — Monument to John Q. Marr
This stone marks the scene of the opening conflict of the war of 1861–1865, when John Q. Marr, Captain of the Warrenton Rifles, who was the first soldier killed in action, fell 800 ft. S. 46 W. Mag. of this spot, June 1st, 1861. — Map (db m620) HM
Virginia, Fairfax — Ratcliffe-Allison House (Earp’s)
Built 1812 Old Town Fairfax This is the oldest house in the City of Fairfax and the first city-owned building to be placed on the National Register of Historic Places (1973). The oldest section of the house, the eastern portion, was built by Richard . . . — Map (db m6261) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Annandale — T-50 — Mason’s Hill
During the Civil War, Confederate Col. J. E.B. Stuart used Mason’s Hill and nearby Munson’s Hill as outposts for the First Virginia Cavalry from late July to the end of Sept. 1861. Capt. Edward Porter Alexander of the Signal Corps established a . . . — Map (db m6926) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Centreville — C-23 — The Stone Bridge
Originally built of native sandstone in 1825, the turnpike bridge over Bull Run became an important landmark in the Civil War battles at Manassas. Union Brig. Gen. Daniel Tyler's division feigned an attack on Col. Nathan G. Evans's brigade guarding . . . — Map (db m420) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Chantilly — B-11 — Battle of Chantilly (Ox Hill)
The Battle of Chantilly (Ox Hill) took place here 1 September, 1862. Union General John Pope's Army, retreating after defeat by Lee at Second Manassas, clashed with Jackson's divisions which were attempting to prevent Pope from reaching Washington. . . . — Map (db m55932) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Chantilly — Mitchell-Weeks House
This building is a reproduction of a typical "Potomac Valley Farmhouse" built at this location circa 1789 by Benjamin Mitchell. It was one and a half story log house, with a sloping front roof extending over a porch, which in time became a community . . . — Map (db m109) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Dranesville — T-36 — Action At Dranesville
Near here two foraging expeditions came in conflict, December 20, 1861. The Union force was commanded by General Ord, the Confederate by J.E.B. Stuart. Stuart attacked in order to protect his foraging parties, but was forced to retire after a sharp . . . — Map (db m92721) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Herndon — Herndon Station
Herndon grew up around this railroad station. The town received its name in 1858 when the Alexandria, Loudoun & Hampshire Railroad (later the W&OD) arrived and a post office was established in the newly built station. Herndon quickly became the . . . — Map (db m152) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Lorton — E-107 — Colchester
Colchester, founded in 1753 at the location of a ferry crossing, was the second town established in Fairfax County. Located on the main post road from Boston to Charleston, and at the end of the Ox Road leading west to the Blue Ridge, the town . . . — Map (db m206) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Lorton — E-72 — Pohick Church
This building was begun in 1769 and completed by 1774, succeeding an earlier church two miles to the south. It was the Lower Church of Truro Parish, established in 1732, the parish of Mount Vernon and Gunston Hall. George William Fairfax, George . . . — Map (db m13750) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Merrifield — Luther P. Jackson High School
Luther P. Jackson High School, opened in 1954, was the first and only high school in Fairfax County created to serve the African-American community. The school was named after Luther Porter Jackson, a prominent historian, educator and founder of the . . . — Map (db m176) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Mount Vernon — The Mount Vernon Memorial Highway1732 – 1932
The Mount Vernon Memorial Highway was authorized by Congress May 23, 1928 as an activity of the United States Commission for the celebration of the two hundredth anniversary of the birth of George Washington The highway was designed and . . . — Map (db m15596) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Newington — Newington
Newington was the name given to the second Truro Parish Glebe House completed in 1760 after it became the private residence of Richard and Sarah McCarty Chichester after 1767. The William Nevitt family acquired the house and 1000 acre tract in 1828 . . . — Map (db m614) HM
Virginia (Fauquier County), Warrenton — C-60 — Second Manassas CampaignStrategic Rappahannock River Crossings
A mile northwest stood Waterloo Bridge, where on 22 Aug. 1862 Maj. Gen. J. E. B. Stuart crossed the Rappahannock River to threaten the rear of Union Maj. Gen. John Pope’s army 14 miles southeast at Catlett Station on the Orange & Alexandria . . . — Map (db m36792) HM
Virginia (Fluvanna County), Dixie — F-50 — Point of Fork
Four miles southeast is Point of Fork, near which an Indian village stood in 1607. In the Revolution a state arsenal was there. In June, 1781, Simcoe, sent by Cornwallis with a small force to destroy the stores there, succeeded in making Baron . . . — Map (db m17760) HM
Virginia (Fluvanna County), Fork Union — F-48a — Fork Union Military Academy
Founded in 1898 by Dr. William E. Hatcher with the assistance of Charles G. Snead, Fork Union Academy established military training as part of the curriculum in 1902. It served as a coeducational school until 1909, when the trustees transformed it . . . — Map (db m18307) HM
Virginia (Fluvanna County), Zion Crossroads — Z-23 — Louisa County / Fluvanna County
Louisa County. Located in the heart of the Virginia Piedmont, this rural county was named for Louisa, a daughter of George II. It was formed from Hanover county in 1742, the county seat is Louisa. Among the county’s historic resources is . . . — Map (db m17751) HM
Virginia (Franklin County), Gills Creek — A-98 — Taylor’s Store
Here stood Taylor’s Store, established in 1799 by Skelton Taylor, a lieutenant in the Bedford County militia during the Revolutionary War. After Franklin County was formed, Taylor became a militia captain and overseer of the poor. His store and . . . — Map (db m65624) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Taylorsville — E-20 — Lee’s Movements
A short distance east, at Taylorsville, Lee had his headquarters, May 24–26, 1864, as his army moved southeastward to intervene between Grant and Richmond. There Ewell’s Corps turned to Cold Harbor, May 27, 1864. — Map (db m10641) HM
Virginia (Lancaster County), White Stone — J-87 — Windmill Point
During the War of 1812, the British blockaded the Chesapeake Bay and sent raiding vessels up the rivers and creeks to plunder and destroy property. The lookout at Windmill Point (about a mile east) on Fleet’s Island reported that on 23 April 1814, . . . — Map (db m24484) HM
Virginia (Lee County), Olinger — X-26 — Members of Congress
Three men who served in Congress were born within a one-mile radius of this point James B. Richmond (1842–1910) was a member of the House of Representatives from 1879 to 1881 as a Democrat. Campbell Slemp (1839–1907), a Republican, . . . — Map (db m104896) HM
Virginia (Lee County), Rose Hill — K-4 — Martin’s Station
In March 1769 Joseph Martin led a party of men to the Powell Valley, and attempted to establish a settlement nearby. By that fall they abandoned the site after conflicting with Native Americans. Martin returned here with a party of men in early 1775 . . . — Map (db m44357) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Airmont — T-54 — Bushrod Lynn(1842-1917)
Bushrod Lynn was born in Loudoun County in 1842 and lived here at East Lynn. From 1891 to 1897, Lynn served as superintendent of the Virginia Penitentiary. During a period characterized by harsh prison conditions, Lynn instituted prison reforms that . . . — Map (db m97269) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Ball’s Bluff National Cemetery
The twenty-five graves here in one of America’s smallest national cemeteries contain the partial remains of 54 Union soldiers killed at the Battle of Ball’s Bluff, October 21, 1861. All are unidentified except Pvt. James Allen of Northbridge, . . . — Map (db m2235) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — T-22 — Early’s Washington Campaign
Jubal A. Early passed over this road on his return to the Shenandoah Valley, July 16, 1864. After leaving Lee before Richmond, June 13, Early traveled 450 miles, defeating Hunter at Lynchburg and Wallace on the Monocacy River in Maryland, and . . . — Map (db m1003) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Lucketts — F-27 — Catoctin Rural Historic District
The surrounding area of about 25,000 acres has been a cohesive agricultural community since the mid-1700s, when it was settled largely by former Tidewater Virginia planters attracted by its streams and fertile soils. Bordered by Catoctin Mountain . . . — Map (db m988) HM
Virginia (Lunenburg County), Kenbridge — SN-68 — St. John’s Protestant Episcopal Church
Three miles west stood St. John’s Protestant Episcopal Church of Cumberland Parish. Bishop William Meade consecrated the building, later known as St. John’s Woodend, in 1832. The Rev. Charles C. Taliaferro was its first minister. The church’s . . . — Map (db m107697) HM
Virginia (Lunenburg County), Victoria — SN-40 — Nathaniel Lee Hawthorne(1923–1975)
Nathaniel Lee Hawthorne, civil rights leader, campaigned for racial and social justice for the people of Southside Virginia. A native of Lunenburg County and a World War II veteran, he conducted his work despite death threats and other attempts . . . — Map (db m107599) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q-6-33 — Georgia Weston Morgan(1869–1951)
Artist and educator Georgia Morgan studied painting at Randolph-Macon Woman’s College and at the Académie Julian in Paris. She was a co-founder of the Lynchburg Civic Art League in 1932 and helped establish the city’s Federal Art Gallery, a . . . — Map (db m104411) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Kemper Street StationHistory
The new Kemper Street Station, which opened on October 31, 1912, was one of many improvements made in Lynchburg by Southern Railway to double track its mainline between Atlanta and Washington, D.C. The Rivermont Tunnel, the James River Bridge, and . . . — Map (db m57298) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Point of Beginning
In October, 1786, the General Assembly approved that 45 acres of land belonging to John Lynch be laid off in half-acre lots to establish a town by the name of Lynchburg. The original trustees Charles Brooks, Jesse Burton, John Callaway, John Clarke, . . . — Map (db m46483) HM
Virginia (Madison County), Leon — Z-157 — Madison County / Culpeper County
Madison County. In the hills of the Piedmont, against the Blue Ridge Mountains, Madison County was formed from Culpeper County in 1792. The county is named for James Madison, the “father of the American Constitution” and the fourth . . . — Map (db m21502) HM
Virginia (Madison County), Madison — JE-1 — Jackson’s March to Fredericksburg
Stonewall Jackson, on his march from Winchester to Fredericksburg, preceding the Battle of Fredericksburg, camped here, November 26, 1862. — Map (db m3988) HM
Virginia (Middlesex County), Urbanna — OC-36 — Christopher Robinson
in 1678, Christopher Robinson purchased 300 acres here that became Hewick, the Virginia seat of the Robinson family. Robinson’s distinguished service to Virginia began as the clerk of Middlesex County Court from 1677 to 1688. He was elected to the . . . — Map (db m27178) HM
Virginia (Middlesex County), Urbanna — OC-42 — John Mitchell’s Map
Born in Lancaster County on 13 Apr. 1711, John Mitchell studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh and in 1734 opened a practice of medicine here in Urbanna. In 1746, he moved to London, where he published his Map of the British and French . . . — Map (db m26575) HM
Virginia (Middlesex County), Urbanna — OC-41 — Old Middlesex County Courthouse
This building served as the Middlesex County courthouse from 1748 to 1852. Although much altered from its original appearance, it is one of Virginia’s rare colonial courthouse buildings. During the American Revolution, the local Committee of Safety . . . — Map (db m27011) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Virginia and Monitor
Across Hampton Roads from this point the C.S.S. Virginia (Merrimac) and the U.S.S. Monitor fought, March 9, 1862. This was the first combat between iron-clad vessels in the history of the world. After a severe engagement in which each . . . — Map (db m16420) HM
Virginia (Northumberland County), Lottsburg — O-53 — Cherry Point and Cowart’s Wharf
Settled by Englishmen about 1640, Cherry Point was later a childhood home of Mary Ball, the mother of George Washington. In August 1814 American militia repulsed a British force there. From the early 1800s to the 1940s, steamboats plied the . . . — Map (db m22531) HM
Virginia (Northumberland County), Nokomis — O-56 — Coan Baptist Church
One mile west stands Coan Baptist Church. The Congregation, first known as Wicomico Baptist Church, was organized on 17 November 1804. The members worshiped in each other’s houses until a frame building, Coan Meeting House, was moved to this site in . . . — Map (db m22534) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — C-3 — Cavalry Engagement
In mid-June 1862, after Maj. Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s Shenandoah Valley campaign, Brig. Gen. Beverly H. Robertson’s cavalry screened from Union observation Jackson’s movement east to join the Army of Northern Virginia near . . . — Map (db m591) HM
Virginia (Patrick County), Critz — HD-1 — Colonel Abram Penn1743–1801
200 yards south is “Poplar Grove,” Penn’s old home and burial place. At age 21 he “won his spurs” leading a company under General Lewis at Point Pleasant. During 1780–81 he organized the first Revolutionary troops from . . . — Map (db m65815) HM
Virginia (Patrick County), Woolwine — U-28 — Blue Ridge Mission School
The Blue Ridge Mission School was established by the Virginia Baptist General Convention in 1916 at the site just to the southeast. It provided general education and religious training, on both the elementary and secondary school level, to day and . . . — Map (db m65849) HM
Virginia (Pittsylvania County), Dry Fork — L-55 — Bright-Leaf Tobacco Barns
By the latter decades of the 19th century, bright-leaf tobacco harvested across Southside Virginia was typically cured in hand-hewn log barns outfitted with wood-burning stoves. Inside these barns, tobacco leaves were hung from sticks that rested . . . — Map (db m104462) HM
Virginia (Pittsylvania County), Whitmell — U-38 — Whitmell School
Founded in 1878 as a two- room school and named for state senator Whitmell P. Tunstall, in 1918 the Whitmell Farm-Life School became the first rural consolidated school in Pittsylvania County. Sarah Archie Swanson Beverley, who between 1916 and . . . — Map (db m104455) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Bristow — 41 — Brentsville
Fourth seat of the Prince William County government. Courthouse, jail, Episcopal Chapel, and White House were built in 1822 on land originally part of the Brent Town tract confiscated from Robert Bristow, a Tory, in 1779. ♦ St. James Church . . . — Map (db m780) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — The Grave of Our Dear Mother, Judith Henry
Killed near this spot by the explosion of shells in her dwelling during the Battle of the 21st of July, 1861. When killed she was in her 85th year and confined to her bed by the infirmities of age. Her husband Dr. Isaac Henry was a Surgeon in the . . . — Map (db m610) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — The Rock FightSecond Battle of Manassas — Day Three, August 30, 1862
Yankees were pinned down on the far side of the embankment, only ten yards away. After twenty minutes of continuous shooting, Confederates here were running out of ammunition. Frantically, they searched their dead and wounded comrades for . . . — Map (db m903) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Thomas Jonathan Jackson
(Front Face): Thomas Jonathan Jackson 1824 1863 (Right Face): First Battle of Manassas July 21, 1861. (Left Face): There Stands Jackson Like a Stonewall (Rear Face): ** Erected by ** The State of Virginia Under . . . — Map (db m541) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Woodbridge — “Leesylvania”
This historically important property was part of a land grant dating back to 1658 and was the site of “Leesylvania,” the home of Henry Lee II (1729–1789). The Neabsco Iron Foundry, which was located nearby, furnished “pig . . . — Map (db m773) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Woodbridge — 21 — Minnieville
Nearby is Bel Air Plantation (c. 1740), burial site of Parson Mason Locke Weems, first biographer of George Washington. French and American troops moved through this community on their way to Yorktown in 1781. Northern dairymen developed large farms . . . — Map (db m774) HM
Virginia (Richmond County), Farnham — J-78 — Cyrus Griffin’s Birthplace
Four and a half miles southwest was born Cyrus Griffin, July 16, 1748. Educated in England, he served in the Virginia House of Delegates, 1777–8, 1786–7. He was a member of the Continental Congress, 1787–1788., in which last year . . . — Map (db m23569) HM
Virginia (Richmond County), Farnham — J-99 — Northern Neck Industrial Academy
The Northern Neck Baptist Association established the Northern Neck Industrial Academy in 1898 through financial contributions from local black Baptist churches. The academy opened approximately three miles to the west on Route 608 at Oak Hill Farm . . . — Map (db m23587) HM
Virginia (Richmond County), Warsaw — O-46 — Warsaw
When Richmond County was formed in 1692, this place became the county seat and was known as Richmond (County) Courthouse. The present courthouse building was erected in 1748–49. The village was renamed Warsaw about 1846 in sympathy with the . . . — Map (db m23341) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Glasgow — L-63 — Frank Padget Water Tragedy
Heavy rains in late Jan. 1854 left the James River and the treacherous Balcony Falls in full flood. On 21 Jan., the canal boat Clinton and its passengers became stranded in the raging waters. Frank Padget, a skilled boatman and slave, . . . — Map (db m49859) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Burketown — Z-171 — Rockingham County / Augusta County
Rockingham County. Area 876 square miles. Formed in 1778 from Augusta, and named for the Marquis of Rockingham, British statesman. John Seiver, of Tennessee, was born in this county. In it took place the battles of Cross Keys and Port Republic, . . . — Map (db m12369) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Dayton — Lt. Col. Thomas F. Wildes
In memory of Lt. Col. Thomas F. Wildes, 116th Ohio Regiment, who, when ordered by Gen. Sheridan to burn the town of Dayton, Va. in retaliation for the death of a Union officer, refused to obey that order, risking court-martial and disgrace. His . . . — Map (db m88643) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Lynnwood — JD-10 — Battle of Port Republic
The cross road here roughgly divides the Confederate and Union lines in the battle of JUne 9, 1862. Jackson attacked Shields, coming southward to join Fremont, but was repulsed. Reinforced by Ewell, Jackson attacked again and drove Shields from the . . . — Map (db m2932) HM
Virginia (Scott County), Gate City — K-12 — Faris (Ferris) Station
About two miles east of Moccasin Gap, Elisha Faris (Ferris) in 1787 obtained l16 acres on both sides of the Moccasin Creek. He and his family settled in the area about 1782 and their home became a stop on the Wilderness Road. On 26 Aug. 1791, . . . — Map (db m90926) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — Jackson’s 2nd Corps EstablishedStonewall Dons a New Uniform
Having remained with his command in the vicinity of Winchester since the Battle of Sharpsburg/Antietam, by November 22, 1862, Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson was again on the march. With more than 32,000 soldiers, Jackson’s . . . — Map (db m16453) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — The Henkel House — Historic New Market
The Henkel house is another historic home. The brick part was built by Dr. Solomon Henkel, physician and druggist, in 1802. The wooden front part and two rooms upstairs were added by his son, Dr. Solon P.C. Henkel in 1855. A metal plate nailed on . . . — Map (db m89113) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — This Rustic Pile
  This rustic pile The simple tale will tell: It marks the spot Where Woodson’s Heroes fell.Map (db m544) HM
Virginia (Smyth County), Chilhowie — Town House
As early as 1754 a house was built on this hill, and was used as a fort and meeting place by settlers. This is the site of the first settlement in this region. — Map (db m45966) HM
Virginia (Smyth County), Groseclose — K-30 — Early Settlers
Stephen Holstein (Holston), coming here before 1748, gave his name to the river and valley. James Davis settled on this place, “Davis’ Fancy,” in 1748 and his home became a neighborhood fort. — Map (db m44959) HM
Virginia, Staunton — Ast Building
The photo shows the staff of Ast Hardware around 1915; Capt. Joseph P. Ast is second from left. In 1975, this half of the Ast building was demolished to provide an access ramp to the new parking garage, leaving the blank wall of the remaining part . . . — Map (db m12452) HM
Virginia, Staunton — A-64 — Dr. William Fleming
Physician, soldier, and statesman, Dr. William Fleming (1728–1795) studied medicine in his native Scotland before practicing in Staunton from 1763 to 1768. His home stood at the crossing of New Street and Lewis Creek. Dr. Fleming’s career . . . — Map (db m11802) HM
Virginia (Tazewell County), Frog Level — X-16 — Indian-Settler Conflicts
During Dunmore’s war (1774) and the Revolutionary War (1775–1783) conflicts between Indians and colonists often intensified as European powers encouraged Indians from the Ohio region to attack frontier settlers. Tensions also sometimes . . . — Map (db m90654) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — JD-1 — Belle Boyd and Jackson
Near here Stonewall Jackson was met by the spy, Belle Boyd, and informed of the position of the Union troops at Front Royal, May 23, 1862. Jackson was advancing northward attempting to get between Banks’ army and Winchester. — Map (db m57966) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — Richardson’s HillKenly Makes His Stand — Battle of Front Royal, May 23, 1862
Directly in front of you is the “commanding height” where Union Col. John H. Kenly made his last attempt to hold Front Royal. Atop Richardson’s Hill—this “cherty” ridge, as Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” . . . — Map (db m803) HM
Virginia (Washington County), Abingdon — K-53 — Barter Theatre
The Barter Theatre building was constructed about 1830 as a church, which was remodeled several times. Among the oldest theaters in America, the building hosted its first performance in 1876. During the Great Depression of the 1930s, Robert . . . — Map (db m45236) HM
Virginia (Westmoreland County), Grays Corner — JT-20 — McCoy Revolutionary Soldiers
Bennett and James McCoy, free men (probably brothers) from Westmoreland County, were among the many African Americans who served in the Virginia militia and the United States Army or Navy during the Revolutionary War. Bennett McCoy served for . . . — Map (db m22429) HM
Virginia (Westmoreland County), Hague — The Burnt House Field
A mile and a half to the north is the Burnt House Field, a Lee family graveyard in which were buried Richard Lee of “Machotick,” Thomas Lee of “Stratford,” Richard Henry Lee of “Chantilly,” their wives, and . . . — Map (db m22397) HM
Virginia (Westmoreland County), Kinsale — JT-8 — Kinsale
Two miles east, on the picturesque Yeocomico River, is Kinsale, the founding of which the Assembly ordered in 1784. Near by at the old home of the Bailey family, “The Great House,” is the tomb of Midshipman James B. Sigourney, who in . . . — Map (db m22463) HM
Virginia (Westmoreland County), Leedstown — J-98 — Pissaseck Indians
The Pissaseck Indians lived along the Rappahannock River, here at Leedstown and in a few other villages in Westmoreland County. They spoke a language derived from the Virginia Algonquian family and were hunters and farmers. The Pissasecks were . . . — Map (db m22106) HM
Virginia (Westmoreland County), Machodoc — J-72 — Nomini Hall
The house was built about 1730 and burned in 1850. It was not rebuilt. Only some poplar trees remain. A fine colonial mansion, it was the home of the celebrated “councillor” Robert Carter. Philip Fithian, tutor at Nonimi Hall, . . . — Map (db m22384) HM
Virginia (Westmoreland County), Montross — J-71 — Old Westmoreland Courthouse
At a public meeting here, on June 22, 1774, resolutions of Richard Henry Lee offering aid to Boston, whose port had been closed by the British government, were adopted. Here, on May 23, 1775, the Westmoreland Committee on Safety passed resolutions . . . — Map (db m6585) HM
Virginia (Wise County), Wise — KA-14 — Napoleon Hill
Napoleon Hill was born nearby on 26 Oct. 1883. At age 13, he became a “mountain reporter” for small town newspapers. He left Southwest Virginia in 1908 to write magazine profiles of such business leaders as Andrew Carnegie, Henry . . . — Map (db m90860) HM
Virginia (Wythe County), Austinville — KD-5 — Fincastle County
Fincastle County, established in 1772, was formed from Botetourt County. The Fincastle County seat was located opposite the lead mines on the north side of the New River in the western end of present day Austinville. In 1775, the Fincastle County . . . — Map (db m43358) HM
Virginia (Wythe County), Wytheville — KD-9 — Crockett’s Cove
Crockett’s Cove has been home to the Crockett family for two centuries. It was named for Lt. John Crockett, Sr. (1737–1799), son of Samuel and Esther Thompson Crockett, a Revolutionary War veteran buried in the family cemetery a mile . . . — Map (db m43553) HM
Virginia (Wythe County), Wytheville — FR-26 — St. John’s Lutheran Church
German settlers formed a congregation here that was a center of Lutheranism in Virginia throughout the 19th century. The church built around 1800 was replaced by the present structure in 1854. The cemetery has distinctive stones dating from 1804 to . . . — Map (db m44891) HM
Washington (Clallam County), Port Angeles — Spanish Explorers — The Evergreen State
The Spanish Captain Juan Perez sailed north from San Blas in 1774 with orders from Spain to claim the Coast against the Russians. Perez discovered Nootka Sound on the West shore of Vancouver Island and traded with the natives of the Queen . . . — Map (db m83652) HM
West Virginia (Barbour County), Philippi — The Covered Bridge
The Philippi Covered Bridge across Tygart Valley River was built in 1852 by Lemuel Chenoweth of Beverly. Made of wood, with the exception of the iron bolts used to hold the segments together, it is an example of the best in covered bridge . . . — Map (db m33665) HM
West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Martinsburg
Founded, 1778, by Gen. Adam Stephen. Named for Thomas Martin, nephew of Lord Fairfax. Home of Admirals Charles Boarman and C.K. Stribling. Locomotives seized here, 1861, in Jackson’s raid were drawn by horses to Winchester, Va. — Map (db m1973) HM
West Virginia (Gilmer County), Glenville — Samuel Lewis Hays
Built this home in 1837 on a 1000-acre tract, and laid out the town of Glenville in 1845. As a member of the Virginia Assembly, he urged the building of the Parkersburg-Staunton Turnpike. As a Congressman, in 1842, Hays appointed Thomas Jonathan . . . — Map (db m17557) HM
West Virginia (Grant County), Gormania — Grant County / State of Maryland
Grant County. Formed in 1866 from Hardy, Named for General Grant, later President. At the northwestern corner is the Fairfax Stone, which established the limits of the lands of Lord Fairfax. The county has many mountain peaks and beautiful . . . — Map (db m32915) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Charles Town
Founded in 1786 by Charles Washington, brother of the President. Here John Brown was tried and convicted of treason. Home of W. L. Wilson, Postmaster General, 1896, who here started the first rural free delivery in America. — Map (db m1650) HM
West Virginia (Marion County), Fairmont — High-Level / Million Dollar Robert H. Mollohan Bridge
Completed in 1921, honoring WWI veterans. Designed by Concrete Steel Engineering Co., NY; built by John F. Casey Co., Pittsburgh. Three 250 ft. reinforced concrete arch spans, 90 ft. above river, 1,266 ft. long. Connected Fairmont by trolley, foot . . . — Map (db m21304) HM
West Virginia (Marshall County), Cameron — Fort Beeler
Site of Indian fort built in 1779 on land of George Beeler. In 1782, an attack of Mohawk and Shawnee Indians was repulsed by its defenders, among whom were Martin and Lewis Wetzel, the celebrated scouts and Indian fighters. — Map (db m21076) HM
West Virginia (Marshall County), Moundsville — Civil War Cannons
In tribute to Howard D. Blankenship, who made all the arrangements to have both cannons retrofitted to their original. His project started 1977 and was completed 1984. The northern piece was manufactured by N.P. Ames Foundry, Springfield . . . — Map (db m20394) HM
West Virginia (Monongalia County), Morgantown — Site of the Birthplace of David Adam IceAugust 5, 1767 — July 5, 1851
Revolutionary Soldier 1780–81. First white child born in West Virginia. Son of Frederick Ice, who hewed these millstones from the adjacent hill, installed them on Buffalo Creek, Barrackville W. Va. in the mill operated by his descendants for . . . — Map (db m74550) HM
West Virginia (Monroe County), Union — Bishop Matthew W. Clair, Sr.
Born at Union, 1865. Converted at 15 at Simpson M. E. Church, Charleston. Licensed to preach; his first parish was Harpers Ferry 1889. His most distinguished pastoral work was the rebuilding of Asbury Church Washington, with a seating capacity of . . . — Map (db m84106) HM
West Virginia (Morgan County), Holton — Morgan County / Berkeley County
Morgan County. Formed, 1820, from Berkeley and Hampshire. Named for Gen. Daniel Morgan of the Revolutionary Army. Many of his renowned “Riflemen” were from the Eastern Panhandle, where he once lived. Famed Berkeley Springs here. . . . — Map (db m1112) HM
West Virginia (Ohio County), Valley Grove — Ohio County / State of Pennsylvania
Ohio County. Formed in 1776 from West Augusta. Named for the river which bears an Indian name meaning “Beautiful River.” Scene of last battle of the Revolution, 1782. Visited by La Salle, Celoron, Gist, Washington, and later . . . — Map (db m9384) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Glade Farm — Preston County / Pennsylvania
Preston County. Formed from Monongalia in 1818 and named for James Preston, 13th governor of Virginia. Here is model Federal homestead project, sponsored by Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt, the wife of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President. . . . — Map (db m74509) HM
West Virginia (Putnam County), Hometown — Coal Mining in Putnam County
The earliest export industry of the Kanawha River Valley revolved around the manufacturing of salt. Though the discovery of coal veins in Putnam County dates back to at least 1800, for most of the nineteenth century these coal deposits supplied . . . — Map (db m86239) HM
West Virginia (Randolph County), Elkins — “Lest We Forget That Peace Has a Price” — Marines Lebanon 1983 Monument
In memorial to our Marines of the Multi-National Peacekeeping Force, Lebanon – 1983. West Virginia — Semper Fidelis Cpl. Mecot Camara, Hinton • Lcpl. Russell Cyzick, Star City • HM2 Marion E. Kees, Martinsburg • Lcpl. David . . . — Map (db m9363) HM
West Virginia (Upshur County), Buckhannon — The History CenterSouthern Methodist Church Building — 81 West Main Street
81 West Main Street, The History Center, est. 1983, by The Upshur County Historical Society, built, 1853 as the Southern Methodist Church Building. During the night of August 30, 1862, Civil War action in the form of Jenkins’ Raid . . . — Map (db m14182) HM
West Virginia (Wetzel County), Hundred — Hundred
Henry Church, who died in 1860 at the age of 109, was familiarly known as “Old Hundred” and the town was named for him. He was a soldier in the British Army under Conrwallis and was captured by American troops under Gen. Lafayette. — Map (db m1041) HM

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