“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

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Mossy Kiosk image, Touch for more information
By Bernard Fisher, August 11, 2010
Mossy Kiosk
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Bumps on the Milwaukee Road
In 1925, the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway Company suffered the largest business failure in the history of the United States up to that time. The bankruptcy resulted from a combination of problems related to the construction of . . . — Map (db m45650) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — No One’s “Fault”
It's nature’s “fault” this tunnel is closed… Several major geologic fault lines run under these mountains. The mountainside here is slowly shifting along a fault line into the right side of this tunnel, collapsing it. . . . — Map (db m45613) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Secluded Falcon
You are standing on what was Falcon, Idaho, a lonely but important Milwaukee Road siding named for the raptors that nested in the area. Train passengers gave the place scant notice, but by 1915, a depot, a section house and several other . . . — Map (db m45634) HM
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Water Does the Work!
A powerful man-made jet of water blasted the mountainside… …washing soil and loose rock downslope to fill in the trestle. By 1911, the Milwaukee Road filled twenty-two temporary wooden trestles between St. Regis, Montana and Avery, . . . — Map (db m45568) HM
Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — George B. ArmstrongRosehill Cemetery
Founder of the United States Railway Mail Service. Put his first railway postal car in use on the Chicago and Northwestern Railway between Chicago, Ill and Clinton, Iowa, August 28th, 1864, under authority from Postmaster Gen. Montgomery Blair. . . . — Map (db m81514) HM
Indiana (Marion County), Indianapolis — 49.1976.3 — Woodruff Place
Conceived by James Orton Woodruff, prominent citizen and industrialist, platted in 1872, as a residence park, this 77 acre landscaped enclave long existed as an incorporated town completely surrounded by the larger City. The district was finally . . . — Map (db m81446) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — Army of the OhioMajor General Don Carlos Buell
First Army Corps Major General Alexander McD McCook Tenth Division Brigadier General James S. Jackson Thirty-Third Brigade Brigadier General William R. Terrill 80th, 123rd Illinois and 105th Ohio Infantry Regiments and detachments . . . — Map (db m21467) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — Defense of Parsons’ RidgePerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
Union Brigadier General William Terrill was nearly panic-stricken. To his surprise, thousands of Confederates swarmed over the fields in front of you, moving toward the Federal lines. The shouts of attacking Southern troops and the crescendo of . . . — Map (db m46470) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — Stewart's AdvancePerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
The battle opened with great fury. To your left, Donelson's brigade hurled themselves against the Union lines, but their attack momentarily stalled. In the fields to your right, Maney's Confederate brigade also assaulted the Federal position. . . . — Map (db m46432) HM
Kentucky (Franklin County), Frankfort — 504 — A Civil War Reprisal
Near here on Nov. 2, 1864 four innocent Confederate prisoners were executed in reprisal for the murder of Union supporter, Robert Graham of Peaks Mill, Franklin Co. All Kentuckians: Elijah Horton of Carter, Thomas Hunt and John Long of Mason, . . . — Map (db m62244) HM
Kentucky (Franklin County), Frankfort — 1359 — Franklin County, 1795
Taken from portions of Woodford, Mercer and Shelby counties. Ky. had become a state 3 years earlier, with Frankfort as capital, 1792. First meeting of the legislature's second session met here, 1793. Frankfort made county seat, 1795. Named for . . . — Map (db m62243) HM
Kentucky (Mercer County), Harrodsburg — 45 — Fort Harrod
Begun in 1774 by James Harrod and Company, the Fort was crucial to the settlement of Harrodsburg and Kentucky. The present replica was erected in 1927 on Old Fort Hill also known as Seminary Hill. President Franklin D. Roosevelt visited the Fort in . . . — Map (db m46261) HM
Kentucky (Washington County), Springfield — Lincoln Homestead State Park
(side 1) Pioneer Spirit The westward movement was an enticement felt by many nineteenth century families, and the Lincolns were in the heart of it. A friend of the family was the infamous frontiersman Daniel Boone, and it has . . . — Map (db m46249) HM
Kentucky (Washington County), Springfield — 2297 — Lincoln Homestead State Park
(obverse) Thomas and Nancy Hanks Lincoln, the parents of future president Abraham Lincoln, were married near here on June 12, 1806. Shortly after their wedding, the couple moved to Elizabethtown, where their daughter, Sarah, was born. The . . . — Map (db m46250) HM
Kentucky (Washington County), Springfield — The Berry Cabin
Thomas Lincoln proposed to Nancy Hanks in this house, originally located on Beech Creek about one mile from here. At the time, Nancy was living with her cousin, Francis Berry, and his family. Lucy Shipley Hanks and her daughter, Nancy, . . . — Map (db m46270) HM
Kentucky (Washington County), Springfield — The Nancy Hanks Memorial
The Nancy Hanks Memorial was constructed to honor the mother of President Abraham Lincoln. The native limestone memorial was dedicated on June 12, 1935, the 129th anniversary of the marriage between Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks. Three young . . . — Map (db m46263) HM
Maryland (Charles County), Indian Head — The Story — Indian Head Rail Trail
Who would ever have imagined that a railroad track, once built with a focus on war, would one day be the source of such peace… The Indian Head – White Plains Railroad was built during World War I in an effort to meet increased . . . — Map (db m98546) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Big Pool — “...a place of Arms...would be absolutely neccessary”
Throughout the 18th Century, the major colonial powers of France and Great Britain were vying for control of North America. By the 1750's the British extended their settlements westward over the Appalachian Mountains and the French moved south out . . . — Map (db m96135) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hancock — Millstone & Moffet StationWestern Maryland Rail Trail
A small community originally called Millstone Point, but later changed to just Millstone, grew up along the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. Andrew Jackson (General and later U.S. President) met a committee from Hancock here. Harpers Monthly relates the . . . — Map (db m96154) HM
Montana (Glacier County), Browning — Horns
Relentless glaciers sculpted Mt. Reynold's jagged summit. When several glaciers erode a mountaintop from different sides, a steep mountain peak or horn develops. The result is a glacial horn like the Swiss Matterhorn. There are glacial horns in . . . — Map (db m45059) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — Morse Hall
Colonel J.W. Morse built Morse Hall in 1887. This elaborately detailed public lecture hall also served as county courthouse after 1893, an opera house, town hall, library and general community center. Its splendid second story dance floor was the . . . — Map (db m45213) HM
Montana (Granite County), Philipsburg — Wilson Brothers Building
Charles A. and Frank J. Wilson, brothers from Wisconsin, built and established their businesses in this building by 1888. The building originally housed a furniture store on one side, a feed store on the other and a miners' boarding house/living . . . — Map (db m45214) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Littleton — 71 — Kilburn BrothersStereoscopic View Factory
Here, from 1867 to 1909, the world famous Kilburn brothers, Benjamin and Edward, produced and distributed thousands of stereoscopic views. Their collection, largest in the world and collector's items today, provided popular parlor entertainment . . . — Map (db m44510) HM
North Carolina (Camden County), South Mills — A 12 — Dismal Swamp Canal
Connects Albemarle Sound with Chesapeake Bay. Begun 1790; in use by War of 1812. — Map (db m56763) HM
North Carolina (Chowan County), Edenton — Our Confederate Dead1861—1865
Gashed with honorable scars low in glory's lap they lie, though they fell, they fell like stars, streaming splendour through the sky. — Map (db m79794) WM
North Carolina (Clay County), Hayesville — Q37 — George W. Truett
Pastor First Baptist Church, Dallas, Texas, 1897-1944, president of Baptist World Alliance. His birthplace stands one mile northwest. — Map (db m41938) HM
North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — Colonial Punishment
During North Carolina’s early history, authorities used jails to house inmates before they could be tried or have their sentences carried out. Unlike today, jails were not usually used to punish offenders. Instead, corporal punishment was the norm . . . — Map (db m60690) HM
North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — Halifax Colonial Jails
The citizens of Halifax constructed three jails between 1759 and 1838. The first two stood near this spot. The North Carolina General Assembly ordered the construction of the first jail, along with the stocks and a pillory, for the “detention . . . — Map (db m60689) HM
North Carolina (Hertford County), Murfreesboro — J. William Copeland(1914-1988)
Associate Justice of N.C. Supreme Court 1975-1985, Superior Court Judge-131/2 years, served in 84 counties, N.C. State Senator-four terms, Mayor of Murfreesboro and Woodland, home: 407 East High Street — Map (db m60644) HM
North Carolina (New Hanover County), Kure Beach — 12 — Fort Fisher Since 1865
Union troops briefly occupied Fort Fisher. Since then the only military activity here was training in World War II. — Map (db m28679) HM
North Carolina (New Hanover County), Kure Beach — 4 — Growth of Fort Fisher, 1861-1862
In April 1861 Capt. Charles P. Bolles began building individual gun batteries at Confederate Point. — Map (db m28669) HM
North Carolina (New Hanover County), Wilmington — D 43 — John A. Winslow
Capt. U.S.S. "Kearsarge", which sank Confederate raider "Alabama", 1864, rear admiral U.S. Navy, 1870-1873. Birthplace was one block west. — Map (db m28620) HM
North Carolina (New Hanover County), Wilmington — D 15 — John Burgwin1731-1803
Merchant, planter, and colonial official. Built this house, 1770-1771. His "Hermitage" estate was eight miles north. — Map (db m28720) HM
North Carolina (New Hanover County), Wilmington — D 2 — Old Courthouse
Stood two blocks west. Here a stamp master, William Houston, was forced to resign, 1765, and safety committees met in 1775. — Map (db m28754) HM
North Carolina (Northampton County), Rich Square — E 45 — George V. Holloman1902-1946
Colonel U.S. Air Force, World War II. Pioneer in developing automatic devices for airplane control. Home 150 yds. W. — Map (db m60657) HM
North Carolina (Pasquotank County), Elizabeth City — Wright Brothers in the Albemarle
The “world’s first flight crew” were the surfmen of the U.S. Lifesaving Stations along the Outer Banks The Wright brothers relied on them as they tested their experimental aircraft (1900-1903). The Life Saving Service’s primary job was . . . — Map (db m56813) HM
North Carolina (Washington County), Creswell — The Davenport Home
This house was built ca 1778. Daniel (1755-1807) and Sarah Nichols (1756-?) were the first Davenports to occupy this home. They were wed in 1786, and from this union came: Elizabeth Warrington, Eunice Arnold, Priscilla Long, Nancy Bateman and . . . — Map (db m57045) HM
North Carolina (Washington County), Mackeys — Mackeys Ferry1735-1938
Established by permission of King George II. Operated for 203 yrs. making 8 mile trips from Mackeys to Edenton. The largest vessel to operate was the John W. Garrett, a twin side wheel steamer 351 ft. x 41 ft. It carried railroad passengers, . . . — Map (db m57066) HM
North Carolina (Washington County), Plymouth — B 9 — Battle of Plymouth
Confederates under Gen. Robert F. Hoke, aided by the ram "Albemarle," took the town, April 17-20, 1864. — Map (db m56995) HM
Pennsylvania (Chester County), West Chester — Birthplace of Isaac Sharpless — Placed on the National Register of Historic Places - 2011
Birthplace of Isaac Sharpless 1848 — 1920 Educator Quaker Leader Devoted Citizen Mathematician-Astronomer-Historian President of Haverford College 1887 – 1917 — Map (db m62393) HM
Pennsylvania (Montgomery County), King of Prussia — Washington’s Headquarters
”We had engaged in the defense of our injured country and we were determined to persevere.” Private Joseph Plumb Martin Valley Forge: An American Symbol Welcome to Washington’s Headquarters, site of General . . . — Map (db m77122) HM
Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — The German-English School Buildings
Erected as a school for children of German settlers, these historic buildings have served numerous educational and cultural purposes: 1858 – German–English school founded by "The Lateiner”, a group of German intellectuals. . . . — Map (db m82882) HM
Texas (Tarrant County), Fort Worth — 12 — The Wild Bunch
When professional photographer John Swartz snapped this famous photograph of five young men in 1901, he had no idea it would end up on a “wanted” poster. Swartz and his brothers, considered Fort Worth’s premier photographers, were . . . — Map (db m52284) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Amelia Court House — Lamkin’s Battery
This mortar belonged to the battery cammanded by Captain J.N. Lamkin. On July 30, 1864, at the “Crater”, the battery helped check the Union advance until Mahone came up. Four mortars were captured near Flat Creek in Lee’s Retreat, April . . . — Map (db m18873) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Rice — Crossing Little Sailor's CreekThe Federal Army's Attack, 6:00 p.m. April 6, 1865 — Sailor's Creek Battlefield Historical State Park
"We found a stream of muddy water a dozen feet wide..." “The colonel’s clear voice sounded ‘ATTENTION’....Descending the hill; ‘Prepare to cross a marsh!’ was passed along the line....Three or four minutes later we found ourselves . . . — Map (db m54474) HM
Virginia (Brunswick County), Broadnax — Rolling Post Office
Until about 1967, the U.S. Postal Service used the railroads to handle mail on designated routes. The mail was handled in special railroad cars usually moved on passenger trains, designated as Railway Post Office (RPO) cars. The RPOs were actually . . . — Map (db m94359) HM
Virginia (Brunswick County), Brodnax — 40 — Hospital and School of the Good ShepherdLawrenceville, Virginia — Brunswick County
Though many freed African Americans continued after the Civil War to work the same farms on which they had been slaves, many also left their homes in search of better opportunities elsewhere. Often the sick, elderly and very young were left . . . — Map (db m30873) HM
Virginia (Brunswick County), Brodnax — S 74 — Staunton River Raid
The Union General Wilson, returning to Grant's army from a raid to Staunton River, crossed the road near here, June, 1864. — Map (db m20163) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Cumberland — Z 142 — Buckingham County / Cumberland County
(Obverse) Buckingham County Area 584 square miles Formed in 1761 from Albemarle, and named for Buckinghamshire, England. Peter Francisco, noted Revolutionary soldier, lived in this county. (Reverse) Cumberland County . . . — Map (db m21134) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Cumberland — O 99 — Robert Bolling(1738-1775)
Robert Bolling, member of the House of Burgesses, lived near here at his home Chellowe. A prolific writer, he published many poems as well as a treatise on wine-making. In 1766, Bolling precipitated a crisis when in an article in the Williamsburg . . . — Map (db m74003) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), New Canton — F 56 — Old Buckingham Church
The original or southwest wing was erected about 1758 as a church for the newly-formed Tillotson Parish. It was abandoned following the Disestablishment of the Anglican Church in Virginia in 1784, and thereafter was acquired by the Buckingham . . . — Map (db m21131) HM
Virginia (Charles City County), Charles City — Herring Creek
Herring Creek is a tributary of the James River named for the Alewife and Blueback River Herring that historically have ascended Herring creek along with Hickory Shad to spawn between February and April, and then return to the sea where they spend . . . — Map (db m99780) HM
Virginia (Charles City County), Weyanoke — V 24 — North Bend
Three miles south is North Bend, a Greek Revival residence built in 1819. Sarah Minge, sister of President William Henry Harrison, and her husband, John, built the original portion of the house located on Kittiewan Creek. Thomas H. Wilcox greatly . . . — Map (db m9431) HM
Virginia (Charlotte County), Drakes Branch — Drakes Branch"Burnt all the depot buildings" — Wilson-Kautz Raid
In June 1864, to deny Gen. Robert E. Lee the use of the South Side R.R. and the Richmond and Danville R.R., Gen. Ulysses S. Grant sent Gen. James H. Wilson and Gen. August V. Kautz south of Petersburg on a cavalry raid to destroy track and rolling . . . — Map (db m31006) HM
Virginia (Charlotte County), Red House — FR 3 — Red House
This old tavern was built by Martin Hancock about 1813 on the site of his earlier cabin. It was a noted stopping place and trade center on the old south road to the West. — Map (db m66060) HM
Virginia, Chesapeake — Battle of Great Bridge DAR MonumentDecember 9, 1775
(side 1) This monument honors Patriots who assembled at this site in the Cause of American Freedom in 1775 American Patriots at the Battle Second Virginia Regiment Commanded by Colonel William Woodford, of . . . — Map (db m48940) HM
Virginia, Chesapeake — Father & Son Canal BuildersThe Waterways
Marshall Parks, Sr. 1786-1840 The Dismal Swamp Canal, located about six miles west of here, officially opened in 1805. Dug completely by hand, its shallow depth limited navigation to flat boats and lighters manually poled or towed from . . . — Map (db m54956) HM
Virginia, Chesapeake — Planning a Canal
The Albemarle & Chesapeake Canal did not exist at the time of the Battle of Great Bridge… ...but plans for a canal at Great Bridge were in place more than three years before the battle. In 1772, the need for trade and commerce with North . . . — Map (db m54955) HM
Virginia, Chesapeake — The Battle of Great BridgeGreat Bridge Battlefield & Waterways Park and Visitor Center
In the early morning of December 9, 1775, two opposing forces faced each other across the Great Bridge, the British on the north end and the patriots to the south. The battle lasted about thirty minutes...but its outcome will last as long as . . . — Map (db m48958) HM
Virginia, Chesapeake — The Day is Our Own!
I then saw the horrors of war in perfection, worse than can be imagined; 10 and 12 bullets thro’ many; limbs broke in 2 or 3 places…Good God, what a sight! Captain Richard Kidder Meade, Southampton District, 2nd Virginia Regiment . . . — Map (db m54951) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Chester — S 19 — Confederate Reconnaissance Mission
On 2 June 1864, Confederate Gen. P. G. T. Beauregard sent Maj. Gen. Bushrod Johnson's troops toward nearby Federal pickets to reconnoiter their strength. The Confederate troops initially captured the northern portion of the Federal picket line, but . . . — Map (db m17122) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Chester — Howlett Line
These earthworks are part of the strong Confederate defensive position known as the “Howlett Line.” Composed of a string of interconnected redoubts and trenches, the line ran eight miles north and south and was named for the Howlett . . . — Map (db m16079) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Chester — Mount Malady
Mt. Malady, the first hospital in the American colonies, was built in Coxendale near Henricus in 1612. It had 40 beds for 80 patients! Many colonists arrived in poor health from their long sea voyage. Others acquired diseases, such as . . . — Map (db m87884) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Chester — Parker's BatteryRichmond National Battlefield Park
Parker’s men improved this earthen redoubt, referred to as a battery, so as to better protect their guns stationed behind its walls. Supporting infantry, from the 15th and 17th Virginia regiments, filled the adjacent trenches and manned the forward . . . — Map (db m66326) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Chesterfield — M 60 — William Ransom Johnson1782-1849
William Ransom Johnson lived near here at Oakland. Called the “Napoleon of the Turf,” he dominated American horseracing early in the 19th century. He trained more than 20 champions and achieved national fame from the 30 North-South match . . . — Map (db m28915) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Colonial Heights — S 20 — Union Army Railroad Raids
On 5 May 1864, leading elements of Union Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler's Army of the James disembarked off transports at Bermuda Hundred, located to the north of here. The next day this army began severing telegraph lines and nearby portions of the . . . — Map (db m17120) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Hopewell — S 23 — Point of Rocks
Point of Rocks is located two miles south on the Appomattox River. In 1608, Captain John Smith wrote abut this high rock cliff which projected out to the channel of the river. Known to all as Point of Rocks, it was severely damaged during a battle . . . — Map (db m11844) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — "A Very Neat Chapel"
The little white chapel that stood here was built by soldiers of the garrison and held 150 people. Different ministers came from Richmond each week to preach. A small burial ground was located just 50 yards beyond the chapel—a reminder that . . . — Map (db m37025) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — S 4 — Falling Creek Ironworks
Nearby on Falling Creek is the first ironworks in English North America. It was established by the Virginia Company to supply iron for the colony and for export to England. Construction began in 1619. The works, including a blast furnace, were . . . — Map (db m16015) HM
Virginia, Colonial Heights — EllerslieBeauregard’s Headquarters
In 1864, Ellerslie stood in the middle of the Confederate defense line along Swift Creek. On May 9-10, Confederate Gens. Johnson Hagood and Bushrod Johnson, with 4,200 men, contested the advance of a much larger Federal force, composed of elements . . . — Map (db m48440) HM
Virginia, Colonial Heights — Lee at Violet BankSiege Headquarters
Lt. Col. Walter H. Taylor, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s aide, established Lee’s headquarters here at Violet Bank on June 17, 1864, at the beginning of the siege of Petersburg. The city, protected by Confederate defensive works to the east and . . . — Map (db m17069) HM
Virginia (Cumberland County), Cartersville — 6 — Hamilton High SchoolCartersville, Virginia — Cumberland County
Parents in the Cartersville area of Cumberland County met in 1909 to discuss the need for a centralized high school to replace the one-room schools serving white children in the area at that time. The county Superintendent of Schools led the . . . — Map (db m31609) HM
Virginia, Danville — L 53 — Saponi Religious Beliefs Explained
On 12-15 October 1728, Col. William Byrd II and his party camped just west of here while surveying the Virginia-North Carolina boundary. Bearskin, Byrd's Saponi guide, described his tribe's religious beliefs, which, wrote Byrd in his diary, . . . — Map (db m66052) HM
Virginia, Danville — Q 5E — Stratford College
Stratford College (1930-1974) and its constituent preparatory school, Stratford Hall (1930-1964), maintained the tradition of liberal arts education for women begun in 1854 at the Danville Female College. Main hall was built in 1883 to house the . . . — Map (db m66049) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), McKenney — S 69 — Darvills School
A public school operated here as early as the 1880s. In 1907, three other one-room schools nearby were consolidated here as Darvills Graded School, which was expanded and made a high school in 1913. It was the heart of community activities, notably . . . — Map (db m31055) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Sutherland — K 313 — Appomattox Campaign (Sutherland Station)
At Sutherland Station, on 2 Apr. 1865, the Confederates made a last attempt to maintain control of the South Side Railroad. Confederate Maj. Gen. Henry Heth organized the defense before returning to the main line in Petersburg. Brig. Gen. John R. . . . — Map (db m6155) HM
Virginia (Goochland County), Goochland — SA 51 — George's Tavern Crossroads
In 1792 Captain William George (1760-1827), a veteran of the Revolutionary War, established near this site on River Road an ordinary which stood until about 1900. During the campaign of 1781, General Von Steuben crossed the James River at . . . — Map (db m18356) HM
Virginia (Goochland County), Richmond — SA 24 — Tuckahoe
Perhaps the oldest frame residence on James River west of Richmond, Tuckahoe was begun about 1715 by Thomas Randolph. The little schoolhouse still stands here where Thomas Jefferson began his childhood studies. Famous guests here have included . . . — Map (db m25625) HM
Virginia (Greensville County), Emporia — UM 40 — Tarleton's Movements
At this point Tarleton, the British cavalryman, crossed the Meherrin River, May 14, 1781. Sent ahead of Cornwallis's army, he had raided through Southampton and Greensville counties. — Map (db m18941) HM
Virginia (Halifax County), Clover — U 53 — Henrietta Lacks(1920-1951)
Born in Roanoke on 1 Aug. 1920, Henrietta Pleasant lived here with relatives after her mother’s 1924 death. She married David Lacks in 1941 and, like many other African Americans, moved to Baltimore, Md. for wartime employment. She died of cervical . . . — Map (db m66026) HM
Virginia (Halifax County), Nathalie — 32 — Meadville Community CenterVernon Hill, Virginia — Halifax County
Caleb Robinson was born in Jamaica in 1864 and educated at Virginia Union University in Richmond, Virginia. In 1893 he formed the McKinley Institute on land he purchased in the Meadville section of Halifax County. He imported northern teachers . . . — Map (db m30991) HM
Virginia (Halifax County), South Boston — DAR Memorial Cannon
The Berryman Green Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution donated this memorial cannon in memory of Halifax County patriots who aided Gen. Nathanael Greene's army in crossing the swollen waters of the Dan, February 14, 1781, . . . — Map (db m30953) HM
Virginia, Hampton — Battle of Big Bethel Union Monument
Dedicated on the 150th anniversary Battle of Big Bethel Union regiments engaged: 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th (Duryee Zouaves) & 7th New York 4th Mass. & 1st Vermont 2nd U.S. Artillery Union losses: 18 killed, 53 wounded, 5 MIA To . . . — Map (db m66887) WM
Virginia, Hampton — WY 104 — British Approach to Hampton / The War of 1812
British Approach to Hampton Following the British defeat at Craney Island on 22 June 1813, Adm. Sir John B. Warren sought revenge and ordered Adm. Sir George Cockburn and Gen. Sir Sidney Beckwith to attack Hampton. This port town was . . . — Map (db m76815) HM
Virginia, Hampton — Fertile Hunting Grounds For The IndiansOlde Wythe’s History Begins
Long before citizens of Hampton ever called Olde Wythe home, this area was used by the Kecoughtan Indians for hunting, fishing, and growing crops. The Kecoughtans were part of a loose confederation of the Algonquin whose chieftain was Powhatan. The . . . — Map (db m33932) HM
Virginia, Hampton — W 88 — Little England
In 1634, Capps Point, later known as Little England, was patented by William Capps, a prominent planter who maintained a lucrative saltworks. He served as a burgess in the 1619 General Assembly, the first representative legislative body in the New . . . — Map (db m33900) HM
Virginia, Hampton — W 99 — William Claiborne
Nearby, William Claiborne (1600-1677) built a warehouse about 1631 to support his trading post on Kent Island in Chesapeake Bay. When Maryland seized the island in 1632, Claiborne fought an unsuccessful "naval war." Born in Kent County, England, he . . . — Map (db m33832) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Ashland — Downtown Business Growth Fuels Ashland ExpansionAshland Museum Inside Out
Ashland's business district developed after the Civil War around the intersection of England and Thompson streets and Railroad Avenue. The train station was on the east side of the tracks north of England Street, with a passenger shed on the west . . . — Map (db m92677) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Ashland — E 74 — Stuart's Ride Around McClellan
Near here, on Winston's Farm, J. E. B. Stuart, advancing north, camped on June 12, 1862. Stuart was scouting to find the position of the right wing of McClellan's army besieging Richmond. At this point he turned east to Hanover Courthouse. Stuart . . . — Map (db m15834) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Ashland — E 121 — Stuart's Riders Skirt Ashland
On the afternoon of 12 June 1862, Confederate Brig. Gen. J. E. B. Stuart's column passed here on a mission to gather intelligence about Union Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan's Army of the Potomac. Riding northeast toward the Richmond, Fredericksburg, . . . — Map (db m15881) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Beaverdam — 7 — ScotchtownWelcome to Scotchtown
Scotchtown is best known as the site from which Patrick Henry rode to Richmond in March of 1775 to deliver his infamous “Liberty or Death” speech. . Some have even suggested that the house, where he had been forced to confine his wife . . . — Map (db m47453) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Doswell — Stop 1 — Men from MassachusettsMay 24, 1864, 6:45pm — Blue Trail
The crack of thunder and flash of lightning echoed across the ravine before you, as the men of Ledlie’s Brigade struggled to survive the relentless Confederate rifle and cannon fire which targeted them with fatal precision. The low . . . — Map (db m74894) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — 36th Wisconsin
(Front):This monument has been erected by one of their comrades Charles A. Storke in memory of the members of Companies B, E, F and G of the Thirty Sixth Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. who here fought on the first day of June 1864. (East . . . — Map (db m15901) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — A Bloody Baptism of Fire
“It was the work of almost a single minute. The air was filled with sulphurous smoke, and the shrieks and howls of more than two hundred and fifty mangled men rose above the yells of triumphant rebels and the roar of their . . . — Map (db m40247) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — A Captured Trench
On the morning of June 1, 1864, Confederate soldiers of Thomas Clingman’s North Carolina brigade frantically dug this trench. They anticipated a Union assault later in the day. Around 6:00 p.m. Federal troops of the VI Corps moved into position near . . . — Map (db m16883) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — A Dreadful HarvestCold Harbor Battlefield Park Walking Trail
The grim drama at Cold Harbor cost some 13,000 Federals and nearly 5,0000 Confederates killed, wounded, or captured. Southern morale soared after the battle, while Grant’s men were embittered by the lopsided defeat. One Union officer wrote that it . . . — Map (db m16188) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — Confederate Breastworks
This remarkably preserved stretch of the main Confederate line saw little action. Although the land here was much less wooded in 1864, its occupants appreciated the partial shelter offered by the low ground. The soldiers took advantage of it to . . . — Map (db m16890) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — Garthright House
"We charged across the open field under a murdrous storm of balls & canister shot...& soon gained complet[e] possesion of all the buildings....We soon fortified as best we could the aproaches to the house by barrells & farming tools & held the . . . — Map (db m34617) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — Keep Your Head Down
This shallow, winding depression is all that remains of a “zigzag” constructed by Union troops in June 1864. In trench warfare, soldiers dug ditches, called zigzags or covered-ways, to provide protection from sharpshooters as they moved . . . — Map (db m16881) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — Read's Batallion
These cannon mark the approximate position of a four-gun battery belonging to the Richmond Fayette Artillery, part of Major J.P.W. Read’s Battalion that held strategic points along the Confederate main line. The battery supported General Alfred H. . . . — Map (db m34050) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — PA 70 — Seven Days BattlesGaines's Mill
The hill to the south, part of the Union line, was assailed by Stonewall Jackson (with D. H. Hill) in the late afternoon of June 27, 1862, after A. P. Hill's and Longstreet's first assaults on the west had failed. Jackson's men carried the Union . . . — Map (db m16169) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — Site of PolegreenPresbyterian Church
Founded 1748 by Rev. Samuel Davies Presbytery of New Castle synod of New York. Seven years before the organization of Hanover Presbytery 1755 Destroyed June 1st 1864. Erected by Woman's Auxillary East Hanover . . . — Map (db m32681) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — The Cavalry Charge
“In as short while we felt the ground begin to tremble like an earthquake and heard a noise like the rumbling of distant thunder. It was a regiment of United States cavalry charging us….When they were within about forty yards of us, we . . . — Map (db m16402) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — Union Earthworks
Thousands of Union soldiers lived in these fortifications for eleven long days in 1864. The piles of freshly shoveled dirt sheltered the men from the scorching June sun while shielding them from enemy missiles. The lengthy halt at Cold Harbor . . . — Map (db m16520) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Montpelier — Sycamore Tavern
This old tavern was a stagecoach stop on the Mountain Road between Richmond and Charlottesville and it was here that horses were changed. For most of the 19th century, the Higgason, Barlow, and Shelburne families operated a tavern here. The . . . — Map (db m24503) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — EA 1 — Meadow Farm
The land comprising Meadow Farm was first patented by William Sheppard in 1713. In 1800, Sheppard family slaves thwarted plans for a well-organized slave uprising known as Gabriel's Insurrection. The farmhouse was built in 1810. Dr. John Mosby . . . — Map (db m15820) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — EA 5 — Mountain Road
Mountain Road was originally an Indian trail. It became the main thoroughfare from Richmond to Charlottesville in the 1700s. During the American Revolution, the Marquis de Lafayette traveled this road on his march to Yorktown. Thomas Jefferson used . . . — Map (db m15822) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — HC 7 — Sheppard and Baker's Grant
The Sheppard's Way subdivision was part of the original 400 acre land grant made to William Sheppard and Richard Baker in 1713. They obtained it through the "Headrights System" by paying for the passage of eight people from England to the Virginia . . . — Map (db m24569) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Glen Allen — HC-34 — Springfield School
African-American students attended this two-room 1920s structure. It was one of approximately 22 schools under the supervision of the pioneer educator, Virginia E. Randolph. Multiple grades were taught with students ranging in age from seven to . . . — Map (db m64015) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Fort GilmerRichmond-Petersburg Campaign
(left panel) Fort Gilmer Visiting Richmond National Battlefield Park The concentration of Civil War resources found in the Richmond area is unparalleled. The National Park Service manages 13 sites, giving visitors an . . . — Map (db m37244) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — The Gathering Storm
Atop this knoll Confederate General D. H. Hill had an unobstructed view to the crest of Malvern Hill. In the distance stood the West farm house and fields where Union batteries waited to dispute any Southern advance. By early afternoon Hill’s five . . . — Map (db m46918) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Highland Springs — 11 — The Trent HouseMcClellan's Headquarters
In the residence of Dr. Peterfield Trent, situated about 500 yards from this road, General G.B. McClellan, U.S.A., had his headquarters in May-June, 1862. Here he planned the withdrawal to James River. — Map (db m14211) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — A National Cemetery System
Civil War Dead An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union . . . — Map (db m89722) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — SA 31 — Dahlgren's Raid
Col. Ulric Dahlgren's Union cavalry passed through this area late in the evening of 1 March 1864 before defeating the Richmond Armory Battalion at the Battle of Green's Farm, just south on Three Chopt Road. Dahlgren led his command toward Richmond . . . — Map (db m16013) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — 36 — Richmond DefencesThe Dahlgren Raid
Here March 1, 1864, two regiments of Confederate local defence troops under Col. John McAnerney defeated Federal cavalry under Col. Ulric Dahlgren, who sought to destroy Richmond and to release Federal prisoners there. On the same day Kilpatrick was . . . — Map (db m14244) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — HC-16 — Skipwith Academy
Grey Skipwith, Sr., a midshipman in the Confederate navy purchased the original site, formerly "Fort Hill", a Civil War parade ground, in 1890. Lord Alfred Bosson designed Bekeby, an English style Tudor mansion, in 1927 for Admiral Grey Skipwith, . . . — Map (db m25611) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — E 103 — Young's Spring
Just one block southwest at Young's Spring on Upham Brook, slaves often congregated on weekends to hold religious services and social gatherings. This is where Gabriel, a slave of William Prosser, planned the slave rebellion scheduled for 30 August . . . — Map (db m24740) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Sandston — 39 — Battlefield of Seven Pines
The Federal first line, against which the right wave of the Confederate Army directed the main assault of May 31, 1862, crossed the Williamsburg Road near this spot. Casey’s Redoubt, the centre of Federal resistance on this line, was 200 yards . . . — Map (db m14247) HM
Virginia (Highland County), McDowell — Battle of McDowell
May 8, 1862, one mile southeast, Jackson and Edward Johnson, C.S.A. defeated Milroy and Schenck, U.S.A. This church served both Blue and Gray as a hospital. — Map (db m62929) HM
Virginia, Hopewell — Porter House
“I’ve noticed that that band always begins its noise just about the time I am sitting down to dinner and want to talk.” – General U.S. Grant, City Point, Virginia Earthworks had been thrown across the neck of land upon . . . — Map (db m19610) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Carrollton — K 244 — Warraskoyack Indians
Near here, where the Pagan River empties into the James River stood the small village of Mokete of the Warraskoyack Indians. Another Warraskoyack village called Mathomank existed on Burwell's Bay. The principal settlement of Warraskoyack was located . . . — Map (db m35972) HM
Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Church On The MainHistory
The Church on the Main, which lies ahead, was built of brick in about 1750, along the main road connecting Jamestown and Williamsburg. It replaced the fifth church at Jamestown and was used by James City Parish, the community in this vicinity. . . . — Map (db m99084) HM
Virginia (James City County), Williamsburg — Neck of Landnear "James Citty"
This area, like a peninsula and bounded on three sides by a marsh, is just across Back River from Jamestown Island. In 1625 there were a number of houses and 25 people living here. The settlement had close community ties to “James Citty” . . . — Map (db m31073) HM
Virginia (King and Queen County), Bruington — OB 2 — Bruington Church
This is Bruington Church, organized in 1790. Here Robert Semple, one of the most noted Baptist ministers in Virginia, long served and here he is buried. — Map (db m17794) HM
Virginia (King and Queen County), Millers Tavern — O 43 — Mount Pleasant
Near here stood the plantation and Thoroughbred stables of Col. John Hoskins (1751-1813), one of the foremost breeders in the country. In 1800 Col. Robert Sanders, of Scott Co., Ky., bought one of Hoskins's horses, Melzar, for ten times the usual . . . — Map (db m25258) HM
Virginia (King and Queen County), Stevensville — OB 4 — State Fish Hatchery
Half a mile north. This fish cultural station was established in 1937 for hatching and rearing largemouth bass and other species of sunfish for the stocking of the public waters of Virginia. — Map (db m17817) HM
Virginia (King William County), West Point — OC 25 — Campaign of 1781
About a mile to the east, August 13, 1781, Lafayette, then commanding American forces in Virginia, placed in camp his militia, consisting of Campbell's, Stevens' and Lawson's brigades. Wayne was at Westover; Muhlenberg and Febiger were in camp on . . . — Map (db m25846) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Cemetery Caretakers
The first official caretaker of the cemetery was hired by the City of Lynchburg in 1866. He was paid $100 a year, and was only responsible for the care of the Confederate section. Over the years the role of the caretaker expanded to include . . . — Map (db m74093) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — History of the Stapleton Station
1898 Station built by Chesapeake & Ohio Railway for $366.59, based on C&O “Standard Station No. 2” design. 1929 C&O Railway made the Station a non-agency station (without an agent) and discontinued its telegraph office. . . . — Map (db m74076) HM
Virginia (Mathews County), Dutton — Z 252 — Gloucester County / Mathews County
(Obverse) Gloucester County Area 223 Square Miles Formed in 1651 from York, and named for Gloucester County, England. Bacon the Rebel died in this county, 1676. Gloucester Point was the outpost of Cornwallis at Yorktown, 1781. . . . — Map (db m30137) HM
Virginia (Mathews County), Mathews — N-88 — Mathews County Courthouse Square
Mathews County was formed in 1790 from Gloucester County and named for Thomas Mathews, of Norfolk, a soldier of the Revolution who was then Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates. A local builder, Richard Billups, constructed the courthouse . . . — Map (db m30124) HM
Virginia (Mathews County), North — NN 3 — John Clayton, Botanist
One and a half miles north is the site of his home "Windsor" where he developed an excellent botanical garden. He was first president, Virginia Society for the Promotion of Useful Knowledge, and clerk of Gloucester County from 1722 until his death . . . — Map (db m30123) HM
Virginia (Mecklenburg County), Boydton — Boydton and Petersburg Plank RoadA “Timbered Turnpike”
The Boydton and Petersburg Plank Road, built between 1851 and 1853, was the first all-weather route connecting Southside Virginia’s tobacco and wheat farms with the market. Pine and oak planks, 8 feet long, 1 foot wide, and 3-4 inches thick were . . . — Map (db m31857) HM
Virginia (Montgomery County), Blacksburg — Blacksburg Motor Company Building 1924
The Blacksburg Motor Company building was built by Robert and Mason Heavener, two well-respected Blacksburg businessmen. Robert Heavener was a prominent citizen serving on Town Council and the National Bank of Blacksburg Board of Directors. The . . . — Map (db m84769) HM
Virginia (Montgomery County), Blacksburg — Clinton Harriman Cowgill(1897-1975)
Department Head, Architectural Engineering 1928-1956 The founder of VPI's Department of Architectural Engineering, forerunner of today's Architecture program, Clinton H. Gowgill guided the department's growth from 34 students and two . . . — Map (db m43019) HM
Virginia (Montgomery County), Blacksburg — Hoist Foundation
Here was the first foundation that pulled the coal cars from the mine. This foundation held the hoist that worked in sequence with a series of hoists to move the coal. The foundations are still here to this day because of the force that was put on . . . — Map (db m95440) HM
Virginia (Montgomery County), Blacksburg — The Cellar BuildingCa. 1890
Nick Kappas emigrated from Greece in 1913 and located in Roanoke. After the VPI vs. VMI annual football game in Roanoke, VPI cadets who frequented a restaurant where Kappas worked, persuaded him to move to Blacksburg to open his own business. He . . . — Map (db m84778) HM
Virginia (Montgomery County), Blacksburg — The Hotel
Here remain just a few bricks and concrete that made the foundations of the hotel. This hotel was a large two-story boardinghouse for unmarried miners, new employees and visitors to the mines. The hotel also featured a single-story porch across the . . . — Map (db m95438) HM
Virginia (New Kent County), Lanexa — W 23 — Fort James
A mile and a half south of here on the Chickahominy River stood Moysonec, an Indian village. Some of the Chickahominy Indians residing there captured Captain John Smith in 1607. In the wake of the 1644 Indian uprising, the colonists sought to . . . — Map (db m26341) HM
Virginia (New Kent County), New Kent — WO 16 — New Kent Courthouse
Lord Cornwallis's army was here, moving eastward, June 22, 1781; Lafayette, in pursuit, June 25; Washington, Rochambeau and Chastellux, on their way to Yorktown, September 14, 1781. A part of Joseph E. Johnston's army, retiring to Richmond, passed . . . — Map (db m17738) HM
Virginia (New Kent County), Quinton — W 17 — New Kent Road
This was the main road to Williamsburg in early days. Cornwallis, retiring eastward, used this road in June, 1781. The Confederates, retreating westward, passed over it in May, 1862. — Map (db m15679) HM
Virginia (New Kent County), West Point — WO 31 — Peninsular Campaign
A mile north, at Eltham Landing on the Pamunkey River, Franklin's division of McClellan's army disembarked on May 6, 1862. The next morning the Union troops came in contact with the Confederates retiring toward Richmond. The Confederate wagon trains . . . — Map (db m21600) HM
Virginia, Newport News — Lee Hall Depot
The historic Lee Hall Depot was constructed in the 1880s as part of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway’s efforts to establish its Atlantic terminus at Newport News, thereby linking the Ohio River Valley with the sea. The station was sited on Warwick . . . — Map (db m34000) HM
Virginia, Newport News — Lee Hall Village
As passenger and freight activity became significant, the village of Lee Hall developed around the depot. Numerous places of business sprang up to support the activity generated by the depot including a schoolhouse, Dozier’s dairy, H.M. Clements’ . . . — Map (db m33999) HM
Virginia (Nottoway County), Crewe — Ella Graham Agnew1872 - 1958
First women extension agent for Virginia and U.S. Department of Agriculture, born and buried nearby. In 1910 she organized tomato and canning clubs in Halifax and Nottoway Counties. Forerunners of 4-H and Extension Homemaker Clubs. A pioneer in . . . — Map (db m19024) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — 12 — Earliest Known Public High School for African Americans in VirginiaPetersburg, Virginia
Petersburg established a public school system in 1868, two years before the state’s mandate. Colored Elementary School #1 was conducted in the old church building of the African Baptist Church, which stood to your left. The building had been . . . — Map (db m26011) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Pennsylvania Monument3rd Div. 9th Corps, Army of the Potomac
Bermuda Hundred Weldon Raid Hatcher’s Run Petersburg Fort Stedman Fort Mahone — Map (db m17537) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Touring Old Towne
Today, Old Towne Petersburg is alive with reminders of four centuries of American history and thousands of years of Native American habitation. With a growing mix of residential, commercial, and industrial uses, new life is being infused into the . . . — Map (db m57325) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Burkeville — Z 54 — Prince Edward County / Nottoway County
(Obverse) Prince Edward County Area 356 square miles Formed in 1753 from Amelia, and named for Prince Edward, son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, and younger brother of King George III. General Joseph E. Johnston was born in this . . . — Map (db m31041) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — 28 — Hampden-Sydney CollegeHampden-Sydney, Virginia — Prince Edward County
Hampden-Sydney College, in continuous operation since November 10, 1775, was established “to form good men and good citizens.” One of the few remaining all-male colleges, it was named for John Hampden (1594-1643) and Algernon Sydney . . . — Map (db m31324) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Rice — M 25 — Battle of Sailor's Creek
Six miles north took place the battle of Sailor's Creek, April 6, 1865. Lee's army, retreating westward from Amelia Courthouse to Farmville by way of Deatonsville, was attacked by Sheridan, who surrounded Ewell's Corps. After a fierce action the . . . — Map (db m31287) HM
Virginia (Prince George County), Carson — UM 20 — Reams Station
Three miles north. There, the Union cavalryman, Kautz, in Wilson's raid, destroyed the station, June 22, 1864. Returning from Burkeville, Kautz reached there again June 29, and was joined by Wilson. Attacked by Hampton, Wilson and Kautz hastily . . . — Map (db m18864) HM
Virginia, Radford — K 65 — Radford
It originated as a railroad town in 1856 and was known as Central. In 1862-65 this section was in the range of Union raids; Confederates burned the bridge at Ingles Ferry to retard raiders. Incorporated in 1887 as a town, the place was incorporated . . . — Map (db m41420) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 28th St Draw Bridge / Great Shiplock Canal"The Tidewater Connection"
28th St Draw Bridge The lift bridge before you was built by the Norfolk and Southern Railroad in 1929 to serve the paper mills along the Pamunkey River at West Point. A moveable bridge was always necessary to allow . . . — Map (db m47385) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Belle Isle Rolling Milling and Slitting ManufactoryApprox. 1815-1900
Through the arched doorway mules pulled carts of scrap iron from England. Water powered the machinery. European immigrants and black slaves provided the labor. The nails, wire and horseshoes were famous throughput the South. Sign donated by . . . — Map (db m64045) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Burnt District
More than 1,000 buildings burned between 4th and 15th Streets, from Main Street to the river. “The sky in the direction of Richmond is lurid with the glare of burning houses. …It was as if a great battle were going on around us.” . . . — Map (db m24290) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Confederate Memorial Pyramid
. . . — Map (db m13973) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Early Industrial Patterns
The Pattern Building’s origins reflect the uses of the Valentine Riverside site by several industries that were key to America’s, and Richmond’s industrial development. The building’s stone and brick foundations are from a water-powered flour mill . . . — Map (db m24154) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 96 — Ebenezer Baptist Church
Free blacks and slaves living west of Second St. and north of Broad St. founded the Third African Baptist Church in 1857. In 1858, it was dedicated on this site as Ebenezer Baptist Church, with a white minister, the Rev. William T. Lindsay, as . . . — Map (db m56178) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 72 — Egyptian Building
In Oct. 1844, Hampden-Sydney College’s medical department first held classes in this Egyptian Revival structure designed by Philadelphia architect Thomas S. Stewart. Completed in 1846, it provided educational and clinical facilities for the medical . . . — Map (db m18855) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 106 — First African Baptist Church
Tracing its roots to 1780 as the First Baptist Church, the First African Baptist Church was bought and organized by freedmen and slaves in 1841. The present building was erected on the same site in 1876. The establishment of First African Baptist . . . — Map (db m79124) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 6 — Freedmen's Bureau Freedman's Bank
Slavery denied African Americans the education and skills required to exercise the freedoms won by the Civil War. To redress this, Congress created the Freedman Bureau and Freedman’s Bank in March 1865. In Richmond, the Bureau and its Bank first . . . — Map (db m25307) HM
Virginia, Richmond — George Washington’s Vision
George Washington’s Vision George Washington promoted the concept of a great central waterway long before he became this nation’s first President. A surveyor of western lands as a young man, and later a landowner of vast tracts beyond the . . . — Map (db m23753) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Haxall Headgates
One of Richmond's early canals began as a millrace, built by David Ross in 1789. When the Ross Mill was acquired by the Haxall family in 1809, the race became known as the Haxall Canal. Before the American Revolution, Samuel Overton built . . . — Map (db m23921) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Historic Tredegar
The Tredegar Iron Works was one of the nation’s largest and best-equipped ironworks in 1860. At its height, this industrial powerhouse employed Richmond’s largest industrial working force, approximately 800 free and slave . . . — Map (db m47018) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Jefferson DavisPresident of the Confederate States of America — 1861 – 1865
Jefferson Davis --------------- Exponent of Constitutional Principles Defender of the Rights of States --------------- Crescit occulto velut arbor aevo fama Right of Pedestal: With constancy and courage unsurpassed, he sustained the heavy . . . — Map (db m19809) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Joseph Reid Anderson
Born February 16, 1813 in Fincastle, Virginia Died September 7, 1892 at Isle of Shoales, New Hampshire Buried in Hollywood Cemetery Cadet Captain, Class of 1836, West Point Military Academy Purchased Tredegar Iron Works, April 4, 1848 . . . — Map (db m75316) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA 85 — Navy Hill
The Navy Hill neighborhood, named as a tribute to nearby naval victories during the War of 1812, was settled by German immigrants beginning in 1810. It became a vibrant African American community by the turn of the century. Navy Hill’s distinctive . . . — Map (db m47368) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 8 — St. John’s Church“Give me liberty or give me death!” — Patrick Henry, March 23, 1775
St. John’s Church symbolizes the foundations of our republic and the founding ideal of liberty. Here, Patrick Henry’s masterful argument summoned Americans toward independence with the immortal words, “Give me liberty or give me death” . . . — Map (db m32695) HM
Virginia, Richmond — St. Philip's Way
St. Philip's Way St. Philip's Way is a historical path through Academy Square that connects the 19th-century Egyptian Building with the 21st-century James W. and Frances G. McGlothlin Medical Education Center. Along the way, you will learn . . . — Map (db m85172) HM
Virginia, Richmond — The Richmond-Petersburg Railroad Bridge
The expansion of railroads in the 1830s fueled the growth of iron works like Tredegar, and by the Civil War, five railroads had come into Richmond. The Richmond-Petersburg was the first railroad bridge in the city. It was built by Moncure Robinson, . . . — Map (db m24389) HM
Virginia, Richmond — The Slave Trade In Richmond
The land around you for several blocks was the regional center for the commerce in black slaves. There were 4 main dealers each with a jail-like compound surrounded with heavy log fences. The largest and most fearsome was Lumpkin Jail - "The Devils . . . — Map (db m25961) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Tobacco District
“Tobacco is in almost everyone’s mouth either for mastication, fumigation, inhalation, or discussion.” Samuel Mordecai, 1860 “In south Richmond…even the baloney sandwiches and measles epidemics always wore a faint odor . . . — Map (db m24289) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Tredegar in the Twentieth Century / Then and Now
Tredegar in the Twentieth Century The lines in the parking lot represent the outlines of buildings as shown on this 1951 insurance map of Tredegar. Three machine shops stood to your right. Constructed in 1872 to manufacture railroad cars, . . . — Map (db m24378) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fishers Hill — Fisher’s HillRamseur and Grimes Disagree — 1864 Valley Campaign
You are standing near the extreme left flank of Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early’s army’s thinly stretched line of infantry guarded by Gen. Stephen D. Ramseur’s division. Throughout the day on September 22, 1864, Confederate observers utilized . . . — Map (db m88622) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fishers Hill — Fisher's HillConfederate Gibraltar — 1864 Valley Campaign
This is Fisher's Hill, the Shenandoah Valley's "Gibraltar"—a commanding height that offered Confederate forces a superb defensive position. Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early's beaten and bloodied army filed into position here on September . . . — Map (db m4169) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), New Market — Rude’s Hill
Stonewall Jackson’s camp ground April 2–16, 1862; his headquarters at the foot of this hill. Colonel John Francis Neff, Commander 33rd Regiment, Stonewall Brigade, born and buried near here. — Map (db m740) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — "If It Takes All Summer"The Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
While the May 12 combat at the Bloody Angle marked the height of the Spotsylvania fighting, it was not the end of it. For nine more days, the Army of the Potomac hovered around the village, looking for opportunities to strike. Finding Lee heavily . . . — Map (db m66237) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Daffan — Potomac Creek Bridge“Beanpoles and Cornstalks”
The mounds of earth beside you and the stone blocks protruding from it are all that remain of the south abutment of a bridge that once carried the Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad across Potomac Creek. During the first year of the Civil . . . — Map (db m2194) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Union Army Winter Camp Remains
You are now standing inside the perimeter of what was once a Union 11th Corps winter camp. Soldiers not only camped and drilled here, but also built roads and fortifications in and around this park. Since the Civil War, the majority of Stafford’s . . . — Map (db m70397) HM
Virginia (Surry County), Claremont — K 225 — Claremont
The Quiyoughcohannock Indian village nearby was first visited by English settlers in May, 1607. The first land patent at Claremont was 200 acres granted to George Harrison in 1621. Arthur Allen, who built the house now known as Bacon's Castle, first . . . — Map (db m35940) HM
Virginia (Surry County), Spring Grove — K 222 — Cabin Point
Beginning about 1689, a village known as Cabin Point stood here. It was a tobacco shipping port in the 18th century. Colonial troops were stationed here during the American Revolution in 1780 and 1781. By 16 Jan. 1781 Maj. Gen. Friedrich Wilhelm von . . . — Map (db m35939) HM
Virginia (Surry County), Spring Grove — K 331 — Temperance Industrial and Collegiate Institute
On 12 Oct. 1892, Dr. John Jefferson Smallwood, born enslaved in 1863 in Rich Square, North Carolina, founded the Temperance Industrial & Collegiate Institute nearby with fewer than ten students. Sprawled over sixty-five acres on the James River in . . . — Map (db m74776) HM
Virginia (Sussex County), Stony Creek — Sappony ChurchHampton’s Cavalry: "Too strong to be overcome" — Wilson-Kautz Raid
In June 1864, to deny Gen. Robert E. Lee the use of the South Side R.R. and the Richmond and Danville R.R., Gen. Ulysses S. Grant sent Gen. James H. Wilson and Gen. August V. Kautz south of Petersburg on a cavalry raid to destoy track and rolling . . . — Map (db m18841) HM
Virginia (Warren County), Front Royal — Battle of Front Royal
May 23, 1862, General Jackson surprised General Banks’ forces in and around Front Royal, capturing many prisoners and army supplies and forcing Banks to flee in disorder out of the Shenandoah Valley into Maryland. This was the first move in . . . — Map (db m1541) HM
Virginia (Westmoreland County), Montross — Westmoreland County Confederate Monument
. . . — Map (db m76415) WM
Virginia, Williamsburg — Priorities of the College of William and Mary
Chartered February 8, 1693, by King William and Queen Mary. Main buildings designed by Sir Christopher Wren. First college in the United States in its antecedents, which go back to the college proposed at Henrico (1619). Second to Harvard . . . — Map (db m66923) HM
Virginia (York County), Hampton — Big Bethel UDC Monument
Bethel 1861 To commemorate the Battle of Bethel, June 10, 1861. The first conflict between the Confederate and Federal land forces and in memory of Henry A. Wyatt, Private Co. A, 1st Regiment North Carolina Volunteers. The first Confederate . . . — Map (db m66888) WM
Virginia (York County), Yorktown — George P. Coleman Bridge
Completed in 1952, the George P. Coleman Bridge is 3,750 feet long. The structure replaced a ferry system that operated here for more than 200 years. The bridge was widened and reconstructed in 1995. Prefabricated in six sections, the entire . . . — Map (db m64634) HM
Virginia (York County), Yorktown — York River
Known to the Indians as the Pamunkey, the colonists named it first Charles and then York, both in honor of the Duke of York. While only 26 miles in length, the tidal waters of the York River flow over the deepest natural channel of any Chesapeake . . . — Map (db m25811) HM
West Virginia (Fayette County), Mossy — The Rebirth of Paint Creek
Soon after settlers arrived in Paint Creek, the landscape and population changed forever with the discovery of coal. Within just a few years, mines began operating at Paint Creek under the ownership of New York businessman William Henry Greene. . . . — Map (db m34436) HM
West Virginia (Kanawha County), Institute — West Virginia State University
First public black college in state founded in 1891 as West Virginia Colored Institute. In 1927 was first fully accredited black land-grant college in US. In 1915, became West Virginia Collegiate Institute; in 1929, West Virginia State College. . . . — Map (db m81413) HM
West Virginia (Monroe County), Sweet Springs — Governor John Floyd
Born, Jefferson County, Kentucky, April 24, 1783 a distinguished son of the American frontier, he served his nation as a soldier, physician, and legislator. Following service as an officer in the Virginia Militia, and as a surgeon in the . . . — Map (db m34486) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Bartow — Camp BartowSpringtime Snow and Mud — Jones-Imboden Raid
(sidebar) On April 20, 1863, Confederate Gens. William F. “Grumble” Jones and John D. Imboden began a raid from Virginia through present-day West Virginia on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Taking separate routes, they later . . . — Map (db m58229) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Hillsboro — Chapman’s, Jackson’s, and Lurty’s Virginia BatteriesC.S.A. — Maj. William McLaughlin
Protecting much of the Confederate army were seven artillery pieces, all of which were placed above the highway. Both smoothbore and rifled cannon were present and blocked efforts by the Union army to advance up the main road. However, the position . . . — Map (db m34385) HM
West Virginia (Randolph County), Huttonsville — Camp ElkwaterGateway to the Tygart Valley — The First Campaign
Following success at Rich Mountain in July 1861, Federal troops under Gen Joseph Reynolds built Camp Elkwater to deter Confederates from returning. Fortifications here blocked the narrow valley floor and a turnpike leading to the Virginia Central . . . — Map (db m34367) HM
West Virginia (Randolph County), Huttonsville — HuttonsvilleThe Army of the Northwest — The First Campaign
After the defeat in Philippi on June 3, 1861, Confederate forces retreated to this point. Gen. Robert S. Garnett was sent to Western Virginia to reorganize these troops and halt the southeast advance of Federal forces. Here on June 14, he . . . — Map (db m34368) HM
Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — Brink of Lower FallsGrand Canyon of the Yellowstone River
Sculpting Lower Falls Reaching the Brink of Lower Falls overlook requires hiking a steep trail that winds down the canyon wall…a wall of hardened rhyolite lava…a wall exposed by the Yel1owstone River while excavating the canyon. . . . — Map (db m45293) HM
Wyoming (Park County), Yellowstone National Park — The Grand Canyon Of The Yellowstone
The canyon varies from 800 to 1200 feet in depth and from 1500 to 4000 feet in width. Its length is about 24 miles. The upper 2½ miles is the most colorful section. Hot spring activity has continued through the ages altering the lava rock to . . . — Map (db m45299) HM
Wyoming (Teton County), Yellowstone National Park — Buried Alive
Excelsior Geyser’s rugged crater was created by rare massive geyser eruptions. Surprisingly, it also preserves a record of past life. For thousands of years, microbes have grown in the runoff channels extending from nearby Grand Prismatic . . . — Map (db m45336) HM

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