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Pest House Medical Museum Marker image, Touch for more information
By Bernard Fisher, May 26, 2014
Pest House Medical Museum Marker
Idaho (Shoshone County), Avery — Milwaukee Road Muscle
It took a lot of mechanical muscle to pull the Milwaukee Road’s long, heavy passenger and freight trains over the rugged Rocky Mountains and tough Bitterroot Range. The Milwaukee Road used a great variety of powerful locomotives to do the . . . — Map (db m45625) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 80th IndianaPerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
The inexperienced 80th Indiana Infantry Regiment was part of Union Colonel George Webster’s brigade. This unit included the 50th, 98th, and 121st Ohio infantry regiments and the 19th Battery, Indiana Light Artillery, commanded by Captain Samuel . . . — Map (db m88692) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — First Settlement of PerryvillePerryville — The Battle for Kentucky October 8, 1862
The area around this cave was the site of Perryville’s original settlement, Harbison’s Station. Named for its founder, James Harbison, the station was settled in the 1770s. Harbison and the group of Virginians traveling with him chose this location . . . — Map (db m46419) HM
Kentucky (Boyle County), Perryville — 194 — Russell House
On the knoll, it was a key position on the Union left flank under Maj. Gen. McCook in Battle of Perryville, Oct. 8, 1862. The scene of desperate fighting, it changed hands twice and was hit many times. After the battle it was used as a hospital. — Map (db m46355) HM
Kentucky (Washington County), Springfield — The Lincoln Cabin
The Lincoln Cabin is a replica of the cabin in which President Abraham Lincoln’s grandmother Bersheba Lincoln, lived and raised her children after the death of her husband, Abraham. In the spring of 1786, Abraham and Bersheba Lincoln were . . . — Map (db m46305) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hancock — The Apple IndustryWestern Maryland Rail Trail
For well over one hundred years the Hancock area has been at the heart of the Maryland Apple Industry. At the first part of the 20th Century, the gently rolling hills and vast open territories hosted over twelve major orchards. Some of the more . . . — Map (db m96163) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hancock — The C&O Canal: Serving the Potomac ValleyChesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park
The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal was a crucial strand in an economic web stretching from the mountain town of Cumberland to the tidewater ports of Georgetown and Alexandria. The canal depended on the prosperity of the nearby towns, businesses and . . . — Map (db m96127) HM
Mississippi (Harrison County), Biloxi — Beauvoir
Built 1852-4. Last home of Jefferson Davis, U.S. Senator, Congressman, Secretary of War, and only President of Confederacy. Beauvoir served as a Confederate Veterans' home from 1903 until 1956. — Map (db m92604) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — Plunkett's Hardware
High transom windows that provide interior light for a mezzanine commercial display area are an interesting design feature of this well-constructed commercial building. The simple chain-patterned ornamentation of buff brick across the tall parapet . . . — Map (db m45419) HM
Montana (Carbon County), Red Lodge — The Beartooth Plateau
The Beartooth Plateau contains some of the oldest exposed rocks on Earth and provides a unique window into the history of our planet. About 55 million years ago, this massive block of metamorphic basement rock pushed its way upward nearly two miles . . . — Map (db m45251) HM
Montana (Mineral County), East Portal — Life Along the Line
Just getting groceries up here could be a challenge Deep winter snow sometimes made getting to school, going to the doctor, or buying food an adventure. Families living at the top of the Bitterroot Mountains, here at East Portal and . . . — Map (db m45544) HM
North Carolina (Bertie County), Windsor — Engagement at WindsorAction on the Cashie River
To disrupt Confederate recruiting efforts here in Windsor, the Bertie County seat, three Federal transports steamed from Plymouth on the night of January 29, 1864, under U.S. Navy Lt. Cmdr. Charles W Flusser. USS Whitehead and USS . . . — Map (db m60627) HM
North Carolina (Bertie County), Windsor — A 57 — Naval Battle, 1864
The Confederate ironclad ram Albemarle, led by Capt. J.W. Cooke, crossed Batchelor's Bay, May 5, 1864, and fought seven Union warships 15 mi. E. — Map (db m56990) HM
North Carolina (Dare County), Duck — Field Research FacilityAdvancing coastal knowledge through observation since 1977
Facilities Welcome to the Field Research Facility (FRF). We were established in 1977 to conduct research to support the US Army Corps of Engineers coastal engineering mission. The FRF is recognized as one of the best places in the world to . . . — Map (db m91761) HM
North Carolina (Hertford County), Murfreesboro — David Collin Barnes(1875-1959)
N.C. House of Representatives, N.C. State Senate (three terms), Mayor of Murfreesboro, Chairman of School Board, Democratic Party state executive, Committee and County chairman, son of Judge David Alexander Barnes and Bettie Vaughan Barnes — Map (db m60645) HM
North Carolina (Hertford County), Murfreesboro — A 56 — Potecasi Creek
Scene of minor skirmish between Confederate & Union troops driving on Richmond and Weldon Railroad, July 26, 1863. Breastworks 60 yds. SW. — Map (db m60631) HM
North Carolina (Johnston County), Smithfield — Sherman Receives News of Lee's Surrender in SmithfieldJohnston County Courthouse — 1843 1921
In the early morning hours of April 12, 1865, two Union officers arrived here and delivered a telegram from General Ulysses S. Grant to General William T. Sherman, who was quartered in the Old Johnston County Courthouse, which stood on this site . . . — Map (db m28543) HM
North Carolina (New Hanover County), Kure Beach — Fort Fisher’s Armstrong Cannon
The most effective gun in the fort. – Col. William Lamb, Fort Fisher commander The Confederacy relied heavily on English artillery during the Civil War. A variety of English cannons, including Whitworths and Blakelys, were imported . . . — Map (db m28682) HM
North Carolina (New Hanover County), Wilmington — D 72 — James Hasell
Acting governor, 1771; thrice Chief Justice, 1750-1766; President of the Council. Owned large library. Home 7 mi. S.E. — Map (db m28739) HM
North Carolina (New Hanover County), Wilmington — D 107 — St. John's Lodge
First Masonic lodge in North Carolina. Est. in 1754. Building erected 1804, used until 1825, is one block west. — Map (db m28728) HM
North Carolina (New Hanover County), Wilmington — D 44 — Temple of Israel
Erected 1875-6. First house of worship built in North Carolina by the Jews. Congregation established in 1867. — Map (db m28758) HM
North Carolina (Pasquotank County), Elizabeth City — A Town Divided“… universal panic and distress”
(sidebar) During the Civil War, neither the North nor the South was totally united over the key issues. Just as some Northerners supported slavery and secession, some Southerners were abolitionist and Unionists. These issues could split . . . — Map (db m56770) HM
North Carolina (Washington County), Plymouth — BB-6 — Battle of Plymouth
At 4 P.M. on April 17, 1864, an advanced Union patrol on the Washington Road (A) was captured by Confederate cavalry (B). A company of the 12th N.Y. Cavalry attacked the Confederates, but was repulsed (C). Soon a large force of Confederate infantry . . . — Map (db m56926) HM
North Carolina (Washington County), Plymouth — New Chapel Baptist Church
Established in 1867. Rev. Abraham Mebane entered into a lease agreement with the Lowell Colored School Society, giving New Chapel the right to erect a church on lot No. 41 in the town of Plymouth. — Map (db m57053) HM
South Carolina (Charleston County), Charleston — Robert Smalls
Robert Smalls was born into slavery on April 5, 1839, in Beaufort, South Carolina. In 1851, he was sent to work in Charleston to earn money for his owner. At the age of 23, he was a crewman on the steamer Planter, an armed transport in . . . — Map (db m94744) HM
Texas (Bexar County), San Antonio — K — St. Philip's College
St. Philip‘s College was begun in an adobe house just north of this building in 1898. Originally a parochial day school, it grew into a grammar and industrial school with a boarding department. This two-story brick building was constructed by the . . . — Map (db m82898) HM
Virginia (Accomack County), Tangier — Daley's Grocery
Peter Williams owned and operated the first store on this site. It was built by Charles Roland Parks and William Walters in the 1920's. It later operated as the Smith and Moore Market and was one of the first businesses to take credit cards when . . . — Map (db m107006) HM
Virginia (Accomack County), Tangier — The Sydney Wallace House
The Sydney Wallace House is one of the Island's most admired. Built in 1904 and restored in 1995 by Wallace's grandson, it now operates as the Bay View Inn. (caption) Sydney Wallace House - National Geographic, 1973 — Map (db m106993) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Amelia Court House — John Banister Tabb
Patriot Father John Bannister Tabb was born in Amelia County in 1845 at “The Forest”, the Tabb family plantation. A member of one of wealthiest families in Virginia, he was carefully schooled by private tutors until the age of . . . — Map (db m35959) HM
Virginia (Amelia County), Jetersville — Stop-6 — JetersvilleLee's Retreat — April 5, 1865
Lee found Union cavalry and infantry across his line of retreat at this station on the Richmond and Danville Railroad. Rather than attacking the entrenched Federals, he chose to change direction and begin a night march toward Farmville where rations . . . — Map (db m18886) HM
Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox Court House — Gordon’s Attack April 9, 1865Appomattox Court House National Historical Park
Prior to midnight on April 8, 1865, with Federal troops closing in on three sides and the line of retreat along the Richmond-Lynchburg Stage Road blocked, General R. E. Lee held a Council of War with his ranking generals to discuss . . . — Map (db m84563) HM
Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington — Crossman House
George Grant Crossman built this late Victorian vernacular farmhouse in 1892 for his bride Nellie Dodge. Three generations of the Crossman family operated a 60-acre dairy farm on the site until 1949. The Crossman family played a significant role in . . . — Map (db m43540) HM
Virginia (Bedford County), Bedford — K-134 — Bedford
This place became the county seat of Bedford when it was moved from New London in 1782. First called Liberty (incorporated in 1839), the town changed its name to Bedford City in 1890 and to Bedford in 1912. A third courthouse, built in 1834, was . . . — Map (db m42879) HM
Virginia (Brunswick County), Lawrenceville — SN-63 — Saint Paul's College
Saint Paul's College was established in 1883 by the Venerable James Solomon Russell (1857-1935) as an Episcopal mission school to serve the black community of Southside Virginia. Born into slavery in Mecklenburg County, Russell was educated at . . . — Map (db m20187) HM
Virginia (Brunswick County), Lawrenceville — The Colonial Dames of America Monument
In 1924 the National Society of the Colonial Dames of America in the Commonwealth of Virginia acquired three and three-quarters acres of land on which the fort was presumed to have been built, then erected a monument of concrete embedded with . . . — Map (db m20202) HM
Virginia (Caroline County), Ladysmith — E 99-a — York: Lewis and Clark Expedition
Born in Caroline County in 1770, York was a slave of the William Clark family and the only African American on the 1803-1806 Lewis and Clark Expedition. Approximately 34 years old at the time, York was one of the hunters and also accompanied groups . . . — Map (db m47378) HM
Virginia (Charles City County), Charles City — Binns HallCharles City County, Virginia
This community was named for the structure which housed the post office and dance hall, built in 1886 by O.P. Binns at the terminus of an old road that led to the Chickahominy River farms Cedar Forest, Cyprus Banks, the home of the Stubblefield . . . — Map (db m18593) HM
Virginia (Charles City County), Charles City — Richmond Condita1737
From this spacious dwelling Colonel William Byrd, the Second, of Westover, set out in 1737 to lay the foundations and to project the future of the City of Richmond. Its grateful citizens, recalling the sufferings borne and the glory experienced, the . . . — Map (db m30236) HM
Virginia (Charles City County), Charles City — Stuart's RideSafe among Friends and Family — 1862 Peninsula Campaign
In May 1862, Union Gen. George B. McClellan led the Army of the Potomac up the Peninsula to the gates of Richmond. Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee assumed command of the Army of Northern Virginia in June and began planning a counterattack. On June . . . — Map (db m61881) HM
Virginia, Chesapeake — The Marshall Family
The Thomas Marshall family lived in the backwoods of the Virginia frontier. Thomas Marshall of Fauquier County served as a vestryman, High Sheriff, and member of the House of Burgesses. He was a close boyhood friend of George Washington, . . . — Map (db m54954) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Chester — K-201 — Battery Dantzler
A half-mile northeast stands Battery Dantzler, named for Col. Olin Miller Dantzler, 22d South Carolina Infantry (killed in action nearby on 2 June 1864), and constructed in May-June 1864 to block the Union navy's approach to Richmond. The battery . . . — Map (db m17113) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Chester — 56 — Drewry’s Bluff Defences
Here, on the second line of the Drewry’s Bluff defences, Confederate troops were concentrated May 12-15, 1864, to take the offensive against a Federal force that had advanced from Bermuda Hundred under command of General B.F. Butler and had cut the . . . — Map (db m14274) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Chester — S-10 — Halfway House
This old inn was the headquarters of Major-General B. F. Butler's Union Army of the James during the Battle of Drewery's Bluff, May 16, 1864. The inn was so named because of its location about midway between Richmond and Petersburg. — Map (db m16043) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Chester — K-267 — Mary Randolph(9 Aug. 1762 - 23 Jan. 1828)
Mary Randolph, a native of Chesterfield County and author of the first American regional cookbook, lived nearby at Presquile Plantation during the last two decades of the 18th century after her marriage to David Meade Randolph in 1782. The couple . . . — Map (db m11678) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Chester — The Bermuda Hundred Campaign
This is a fragment from the breech of a 5.8 inch “Sawyer Gun”. This gun was located at Battery Sawyer, a Federal gun position across the river to your front where the River’s Bend community is today. This gun burst on August 5, 1864 . . . — Map (db m87592) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Chesterfield — M-8 — Eppington
Two and one-third miles south stands Eppington, built in the late 1760s by Francis Eppes and his wife Elizabeth Wayles Eppes, half-sister to Martha Wayles Jefferson. Thomas Jefferson frequently visited Eppington. Lucy Jefferson, his daughter, died . . . — Map (db m28911) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Chesterfield — M-5 — Piney Grove Church Meeting Site
Late in the 18th century, the Methodist Episcopal Church confronted the possibility of schism. James O'Kelly, a Methodist minister, began challenging Bishop Francis Asbury regarding his appointive powers, his management of church affairs, and other . . . — Map (db m26013) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Colonial Heights — Howlett Line Park
Following the Battle of Ware Bottom Church on May 20, 1864, Confederate forces began digging the earthworks that would become known as the Howlett Line. Named after the Howlett house, which stood at the northernmost point, the line stretched across . . . — Map (db m16096) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Enon — Confederate LeadersThe Bermuda Hundred Campaign
When the Bermuda Hundred Campaign began, Confederate forces south of the James River were widely scattered across southern Virginia and eastern North Carolina. Confederate eyes were focused on events to the north where the Battle of the Wilderness . . . — Map (db m73969) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Enon — Historic Point of RocksThe Bermuda Hundred Campaign
Point of Rocks takes its name from a 60-foot high sandstone cliff located here along the Appomattox River. The site was used by Native Americans as a camp and observation point, and was mentioned by Captain John Smith in his notes on Virginia. A . . . — Map (db m109399) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Enon — The Bermuda Hundred Campaign BeginsThe Bermuda Hundred Campaign
On May 4, 1864, Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler began to load 38,000 men of the Army of the James on transport ships at Newport News and Yorktown, Virginia. Their goal was a neck of land in Chesterfield County known as Bermuda Hundred. Butler was to . . . — Map (db m73967) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Moseley — O-67 — Skinquarter Baptist Church
Pastor William Hickman and about 30 people founded Skinquarter Baptist Church in 1778. The first meetinghouse was located east of the church's cemetery. Hickman moved to Kentucky in 1784 and was an early Baptist leader there. Due to anti-missionary . . . — Map (db m28921) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — A Permanent Post
By 1863 the Drewry’s Bluff post expanded into a military city. Hundreds of Confederate soldiers, sailors, and Marines camped on these grounds. The Confederate States Naval Academy held classes in buildings and aboard the side-wheeled steamer CSS . . . — Map (db m46891) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Bellwood Elk HerdWapiti (Cervus canadensis)
Around the turn of the 20th century, James Bellwood, an agriculturalist and the owner of this property set aside a few acres to be used as a wooded preserve and imported a pair of elk from Yosemite National Park and Washington State. The elk became . . . — Map (db m73984) HM
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Cary’s Mill Overlookcirca 1750 — Falling Creek Ironworks Park
Archibald Cary established an iron forge on the south bank of Falling Creek in 1750. The Chesterfield forge, as it was known, converted pig iron into bar iron. Initially unprofitable and shut down, the forge would be restarted and become . . . — Map (db m101039) HM
Virginia, Colonial Heights — Colonial Heights War Memorial
Dedicated in memory of the men of Colonial Heights who gave their lives in the service of their country World War II 1941 ··· 1945 Sponsored by Colonial Heights Post No. 284 The American Legion Percy M. Adkins . . . — Map (db m57276) WM
Virginia, Colonial Heights — Fort CliftonA stronghold that was never taken
Fort Clifton, constructed between 1862 and 1864, helped protect the city of Petersburg from Union gunboats. Its high elevation and well-placed gun embrasures made Fort Clifton a stronghold that was never taken by Union forces until it was abandoned . . . — Map (db m17075) HM
Virginia, Danville — Frederick DeliusLast Performance in Danville
In this building, on January 30, 1897, the composer Frederick Delius (1862-1934) and his traveling companions - Halfdan Jebe and the "stowaway" Princess de Cysteria - gave a public concert at the Danville College for Young Ladies, later Stratford . . . — Map (db m66050) HM
Virginia, Danville — Lady Astor Birthplace
In this house Nancy Witcher Langhorne was born 19 May 1879. As Lady Astor she became the first woman to sit in the British House of Commons, serving from 1919 to 1945. Through the Langhorne family, her roots in Virginia run deep into the Seventeenth . . . — Map (db m66047) HM
Virginia, Danville — Richmond & Danville RailroadReconstruction Period
When Confederate President Jefferson Davis was informed April 2, 1865, that Petersburg had fallen and Federal armies were approaching, he used the Richmond & Danville Railroad to evacuate his government to Danville. Ten days later, after Davis’ . . . — Map (db m66007) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Dinwiddie — S-55 — Vaughan Road
Hancock moved by it to his defeat at Burgess Mill, October 27, 1864, and in 1865, Grant moved his forces on it from the east to attack Lee's right wing. On March 29, 1865, Sheridan came to Dinwiddie Court House over it in the operations preceeding . . . — Map (db m17700) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), McKenney — K-303 — Butterwood Chapel
Butterwood Chapel, one of three Anglican chapels constructed in Dinwiddie County in the 18th century, was built by 1763 on or near this site. It probably was the first church built after the creation of Bath Parish in 1742. The Reverend Devereux . . . — Map (db m31054) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — S-50 — Hatcher's Run
Lee's right wing was defended by earthworks on this stream, here and to the east. These works were unsuccessfully attacked by Union forces, February 5-7, 1865. On the morning of April 2, 1865, they were stormed by Union troops. — Map (db m17696) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Petersburg BattlefieldsThe Campaign for Petersburg
“The charge of Major-Gen. Wright’s veterans under cover of the darkness and mist … will forever live in history as one of the grandest and most sublime actions of the war.”—Sgt. Newton J. Terrill, 14th New Jersey . . . — Map (db m89714) HM
Virginia, Emporia — UM-39 — Benjamin D. Tillar, Jr.
Benjamin Donaldson Tillar, Jr. (1853-1887), a Greensville County native, president of the Atlantic and Danville Railroad, and member of the House of Delegates, is known as "the man who named Emporia." Two villages, Hicksford and Belfield, merged in . . . — Map (db m18936) HM
Virginia (Fluvanna County), Columbia — GA-32 — Point of Fork
Here was an important supply depot and arsenal of the Virginia government in 1781, and here Baron von Steuben, commanding the American forces, trained recruits for Green's army in the South. Threatened by Cornwallis's approach, Steuben moved stores . . . — Map (db m31602) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — First Battle of Kernstown
Was fought here Sunday, March 23, 1862 Confederates under Gen. T.J. “Stonewall” Jackson attacked Federals under Gen. James Shields. The fighting was chiefly west of the road and continued from early afternoon until nightfall. When . . . — Map (db m2635) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — A Vital British Outpost at Gloucester Point
“They have one or two little works to preserve a communication with the Country.” American General Anthony Wayne describes the British defenses at Gloucester Point, 1781 In 1781, large armies and important events came to . . . — Map (db m18704) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — NA-9 — Gloucester Point
Known first as Tyndall's Point. The colonists built a fort here in 1667. In 1676 Bacon led his rebels across the river here. Tarleton and Dundas occupied the place in October, 1781, in the siege of Yorktown. Cornwallis planned to break through the . . . — Map (db m18643) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — Port of Call
Gloucester Point's geographic location has always been the county's tie to the Chesapeake Bay and beyond. In 1707, Gloucestertown was laid out on the bluff above the thriving tobacco port on the Point. In the days before the extensive road systems . . . — Map (db m30143) HM
Virginia (Goochland County), Goochland — SA-35 — Bolling Hall
Bolling Hall, to the south, was built in the late 18th century for William Bolling on land patented by his grandfather in 1714. Col. Bolling served as a county justice, militia officer, and legislator, and founded a pioneer school there for the . . . — Map (db m18354) HM
Virginia (Goochland County), Goochland — SA-55 — Byrd Presbyterian Church
Byrd Presbyterian Church's congregation is descended from worshipers, organized by theologian and future Princeton University president Samuel Davies at Tucker Woodson's farm in 1748. By 1759 the group had its own building on Byrd Creek. In 1838 . . . — Map (db m27105) HM
Virginia (Goochland County), Goochland — SA-59 — First Baptist ChurchManakin
Organized as Dover Mines Church about 1863, First Baptist Church, Manakin is one of the oldest African American churches in Goochland County. Its members separated from Dover Baptist Church. Initially conducting their services at different sites, . . . — Map (db m18366) HM
Virginia (Goochland County), Goochland — SA-70 — The 1936 Virginia Prison Recordings
In 1936 famed folklorist John A. Lomax visited the Virginia State Prison Farm here and at the Virginia State Penitentiary in Richmond. Working for the Library of Congress's Archive of Folk Song, Lomax canvassed southern prisons in search of . . . — Map (db m18368) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Coliseum Central — NASA Space HistorySpacecraft, Procedures, and Communication Systems
America’s space program got off the ground near here at NASA Langley Research Center. In 1958, spacecraft, procedures, and communication systems were designed and tested at the center, and the follow year the first astronauts reported to NASA . . . — Map (db m103904) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Coliseum Central — 015 — Nike-AjaxLower/Upper Stage • Army • SAM — Air Power Park Tour
Nike-Ajax is the first U.S. surface-to-air missile. The original Nike program was begun in 1945 and over 10,000 Nike-Ajax missiles serviced over 100 sites in 15 defense areas within the U.S. including the Hampton Roads area. . . . — Map (db m103954) HM
Virginia, Hampton — Hampton Baptist Church
In 1791 Grafton Baptist Church, in York County, founded a mission in Hampton, Hampton Baptist Church, which called its first pastor, Richard Hurst, in 1806. After the War of 1812, the church began to grow so that it had 185 members by 1837. During . . . — Map (db m33925) HM
Virginia, Hampton — The Northeast Corner
On this corner in the 1750's was a large brick house owned by Captain Alexander Hamilton. John Paul, who owned and ran an ordinary during the Revolutionary War, sold the fifteen corner feet of the one-half acre lot to Thomas Latimer, Jr. It was . . . — Map (db m33919) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Atlee — ND-11 — Lee’s Headquarters
Just to the east stood the Clarke house (Lockwood), wherein Gen. Robert E. Lee made his field headquarters, 28-31 May 1864. While here, and though ill, Lee deployed troops to key positions in Hanover County, including Haw's Shop, Totopotomoy Creek, . . . — Map (db m15753) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Doswell — EA-1 — North Anna River Campaign21-26 May 1864
Approaching Richmond from the north after the Wilderness Campaign, Lt. General U.S. Grant sought to cross the North Anna River and capture the critical rail center at Hanover Junction (Doswell). General R. E. Lee ordered the construction of a . . . — Map (db m14867) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — Beaver Dam Creek1862 Seven Days' Battles
(left panel) Visiting Richmond National Battlefield Park The concentration of Civil War resources found in the Richmond area is unparalleled. The National Park Service manages 13 sites, giving visitors an opportunity to examine the . . . — Map (db m37063) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — O-13 — Cornwallis's Route
Gen. Charles Cornwallis and his British forces left Petersburg on 24 May 1781 to attack the Marquis de Lafayette and his troops stationed in Richmond. Learning of Cornwallis's movements, Lafayette abandoned the city on 27 May and moved north through . . . — Map (db m22373) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — From Stalemate to BreakthroughRichmond National Battlefield Park
The largest battle of the Peninsula Campaign, Gaines' Mill, began here. On the afternoon of June 27, 1862, Gen. Robert E. Lee''s Army of Northern Virginia reached the New Cold Harbor crossroads just 300 yards north of here. Lee spread his men across . . . — Map (db m119580) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Mechanicsville — Totopotomoy CreekRichmond National Battlefield Park
(left panel) Visiting Richmond National Battlefield Park The concentration of Civil War resources found in the Richmond area is unparalleled. The National Park Service manages 13 sites, giving visitors an opportunity to examine . . . — Map (db m46755) HM
Virginia (Hanover County), Taylorsville — E-20 — Lee’s Movements
A short distance east, at Taylorsville, Lee had his headquarters, May 24–26, 1864, as his army moved southeastward to intervene between Grant and Richmond. There Ewell’s Corps turned to Cold Harbor, May 27, 1864. — Map (db m10641) HM
Virginia, Harrisonburg — General Turner Ashby of Fauquier
. . . — Map (db m14281) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Henrico — Fort Johnson
In the hours following the September 29, 1864, Federal triumph at Fort Harrison, 1,000 yards south of here, Confederate defenses stiffened. Two hundred Georgia infantrymen and Virginia artillerists filled Fort Johnson. Later in the morning they . . . — Map (db m32933) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Battle at Meadow BridgeForcing a Crossing
On May 12, 1864, this crossing of the Chickahominy River was the scene of a sharp engagement between Union and Confederate cavalry The previous day, Gen. Philip Sheridan and his Union troopers fought and defeated Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and his . . . — Map (db m15217) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — HC-26 — Belmont
Edward J. Warren, a farmer, was the first owner of the house on 100 acres in 1858. Warren, a private in the 34th Virginia Infantry, was captured by Union troops and held prisoner at Fort Monroe. The property is first referred to as Belmont in the . . . — Map (db m24750) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — W-1 — Darbytown Road
During the Seven Days' Campaign, Maj. Gen. James Longstreet's and Maj. Gen. A. P. Hill's Confederate divisions moved east along Darbytown Road toward its junction with the Long Bridge Road. This junction is about three miles southwest of Riddell's . . . — Map (db m15921) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — The Fort Under Attack
The Confederate fortifications at Brook Hill were occupied forceably three times by Union cavalry during the Civil War. The initial raid during the night of May 4, 1863 by General Stoneman’s troops was of relatively little consequence. On March 1, . . . — Map (db m15946) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Sandston — HC-33 — Antioch Baptist Church
A chapel, built in 1772 at Boar Swamp, was used by Elijah Baker to gather people for worship. In 1776 the church was constituted as Boar Swamp Baptist Church, with Joshua Morris as the first pastor. In 1780 Joshua Morris and fourteen members from . . . — Map (db m73763) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Sandston — W 2-a — Sandston
In 1918 as World War I ended, the Seven Pines Bag Loading Plant #3, used for gun powder packing, was dismantled. The federal government sold 600 acres of land, the electric car line, remaining plant buildings, and 230 Aladdin houses, that were . . . — Map (db m24850) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Sandston — PA-144 — Seven Days BattlesSavage's Station
Here, facing west, stretched the Union line in the afternoon of June 29, 1862. Brook's brigade was south of the road with Gorman's and Burn's brigades to the north. In a furious conflict Burn's line was broken but was restored by Sumner in person. . . . — Map (db m15660) HM
Virginia (Henrico County), Varina — HC-30 — Galaxy
Irving L. Haggins, an African American, born in 1934, designed his one-of-a kind home in 1956. This self-taught architect and contractor built it in 1967. Inspired by modernist architect Frank Lloyd Wright's work, it combines unusual organic forms . . . — Map (db m53975) HM
Virginia, Hopewell — City PointOne of the World's Busiest Seaports
City Point had been a port for more than 250 years before the Union army arrived. On June 15, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant established his headquarters at City Point just eight miles behind the front lines at Petersburg. Located at the . . . — Map (db m19622) HM
Virginia, Hopewell — Peter Francisco
Abandoned on the wharf at City Point, now Hopewell, in 1765, he was taken as a small boy to Buckingham County, where he grew to gigantic size. Enlisting at 16 he served under Washington with distinction in the North. Later in the South . . . — Map (db m32808) HM
Virginia, Hopewell — Virginia’s First World War I Monument
On Memorial Day 1921, Hopewell American Legion Post 80 dedicated the Commonwealth of Virginia’s first tribute to those who made the supreme sacrifice during World War I. The monument now honors Hopewell’s fallen heroes from succeeding wars and . . . — Map (db m17643) HM
Virginia (Isle of Wight County), Isle of Wight — Isle of Wight County Confederate Monument
1861-1865 Confederate Dead Isle of Wight’s loving tribute, to her heroes of 1861 to 1865. “They bravely fought They bravely fell They wore the gray They wore it well” “Bright were the lives they gave for . . . — Map (db m36048) HM
Virginia (James City County), Toano — W-27 — White Hall Tavern
This was a station on the Old Stage Road between Williamsburg and Richmond, before 1860. — Map (db m23597) HM
Virginia (King and Queen County), Newtown — OB-9 — Newtown
Newtown began as a pre-Revolutionary tavern crossroads on the intercolonial King's Highway. The settlement prospered in the antebellum period, becoming King and Queen's largest post village and supporting several fine academies and schools. In June . . . — Map (db m25837) HM
Virginia (King and Queen County), Newtown — OB-8 — Park Church
Park Church was built in 1723 for the newly established Drysdale Parish. It stood on the west side of this road, two and one-half miles above Newtown. The brick church was cruciform in shape with arms approximately 75 feet long. It was known as Park . . . — Map (db m25835) HM
Virginia (King George County), Office Hall — J-66 — Historic Port Conway
The site of Port Conway is located five miles south on the Rappahannock River. Francis Conway laid out the town in 1783, and the next year the Virginia General Assembly passed an act establishing it. James Madison, Father of the Constitution and . . . — Map (db m7290) HM
Virginia (King William County), Aylett — O-59 — Montville
This property was home of Philip Aylett (1791-1848), for whom the village is named and who served in both the Virginia House and Senate. His son, William Roane Aylett (1833-1900), who rose to colonel in the Confederate army and later served as . . . — Map (db m57712) HM
Virginia (King William County), Central Garage — O-16 — Rumford Academy
Two miles east was Rumford Academy, established in 1804. It was one of the most noted Virginia schools of its time. — Map (db m25256) HM
Virginia (King William County), Manquin — OC-30 — Headquarters of Opechancanough
Near here stood the town of Menmend, home of the paramount chief Opechancanough. During Powhatan's reign, Opechancanough was a king of the Pamunkey and a war chief of the Powhatans. He became paramount chief about 1629 when his brother Opitchipam . . . — Map (db m25245) HM
Virginia (Louisa County), Ferncliff — V-20 — Campaign of 1781
Here Lafayette, moving west to protect a supply depot in Albermarle from Cornwallis, entered this road, June 13, 1781. — Map (db m54211) HM
Virginia (Louisa County), Louisa — Ogg FarmRepulsed with Heavy Losses — The Battle of Trevilian Station
After breaking off the fighting of June 11, 1864, Confederate Gen. Wade Hampton’s cavalry division withdrew to a position near here. Gen. Matthew C. Butler’s South Carolinians spent the next morning preparing a stout defensive position along the . . . — Map (db m24552) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q-6-9 — Inner Defences
Near here ran the line of inner defences located by Gen. D. H. Hill, June, 1864. He had been sent from Petersburg by Gen. Beauregard to assist Gen. Breckinridge then in command. On Gen. Early’s arrival, troops were moved to the outer work. — Map (db m15539) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Lynchburg HistoryCommerce Street and Horseford Road
Horseford Road is named for the nearby ford that Virginia Indians and early settlers used to cross the James River. During the 19th century, this area was home to tobacco factories, flour mills, and iron foundries. The large red brick building to . . . — Map (db m54493) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Pest House Medical Museum
This 1840’s white frame building was the medical office of Dr. John Jay Terrell. It was moved here in 1987 from Rock Castle Farm in Campbell County and has been restored to recreate medical science in the era of 1860 to 1900. These exhibits . . . — Map (db m74038) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Quaker Meeting HouseThe Battle Begins — Battle of Lynchburg
From here in June 1864, Confederate cavalrymen watched Gen. David Hunter’s Union army advance toward them on the Lynchburg-Salem Turnpike (Fort Ave). Hunter departed Lexington on June 14 and crossed the Blue Ridge Mountains near Peaks of Otter. . . . — Map (db m3928) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — Q-6-24 — Safe Haven in Lynchburg: Project Y
In 1951, the National Gallery of Art established a secret emergency repository (Code named Project Y) for its distinguished collection of art on the campus of Randolph-Macon Woman's College. The specially designed reinforced concrete building, . . . — Map (db m54464) HM
Virginia, Lynchburg — When Lynchburg Was “Lunchburg”
During the First World War, many people across the country knew Lynchhurg as “Lunchburg.” The City earned this nickname because of its famous Red Cross Canteen Service to soldiers traveling by train through Lynchburg. From 1917 to I919, . . . — Map (db m74069) HM
Virginia, Martinsville — Near War's EndHenry Court House Engagement — Stoneman's Raid
(overview) On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee . . . — Map (db m66013) HM
Virginia (Mathews County), North — Civil War In Mathews CountyConfederate Units and Leaders
Fort Nonsense is a conspicuous reminder of Mathews County's Civil War history. When war broke out, men between the ages of 21 and 45 were mustered for service in the 61st Virginia Militia Regiment. Company H became known as the Mathews Light . . . — Map (db m74692) HM
Virginia (Mecklenburg County), Boydton — UL-5 — Taylor's Ferry
Seven miles south. There a detachment of Virginia militia crossed the Roanoke River in February, 1781, on the way to join Greene in North Carolina. There Baron Steuben, commanding the forces in Virginia, had a depot of supplies. — Map (db m30911) HM
Virginia (Mecklenburg County), Boydton — UL-51 — The Boyd Tavern
The presence of Boyd tavern, built in the eighteenth-century, greatly influenced the selection of Boydton as the Mecklenburg County seat. A major mid-nineteenth century renovation expanded the original tavern into a 35-room structure that included . . . — Map (db m31872) HM
Virginia (Montgomery County), Blacksburg — Harvey Lee Price(1874-1951)
Faculty member 1900-1945 Head, Horticulture Department 1902-1908 Dean, School of Agriculture 1908-1945 An easy-going, amiable man, Harvey Lee Price served VPI for more than four decades after earning two degrees here. He moved quickly . . . — Map (db m41464) HM
Virginia (Montgomery County), Blacksburg — Thomas Marshall Hahn Jr.(1926-   )
Head, Department of Physics 1954-1959 President 1962-1974 President Emeritus 1975- One of the university’s greatest presidents, T. Marshall Hahn Jr. engineered Virginia Tech’s evolution from a college to a major research university. The . . . — Map (db m43022) HM
Virginia (New Kent County), Quinton — E-12 — Capt. John Smith Captured
In Dec. 1607, while exploring the headwaters of the nearby Chickahominy River, Capt. John Smith and his party were captured by a hunting party consisting of members of the Paspaheghs, Chickahominies, Youghtanunds, Pamunkeys, Mattaponis, and . . . — Map (db m15678) HM
Virginia (New Kent County), Talleysville — Arnold StansleyFounder of Colonial Downs
October 12th of 1994 Stansley Racing Corp. was awarded the first pari-mutuel license for the state of Virginia. The facility you see is a concept of his son, Brett Lee Stansley, who had the rendering done in a colonial style. Arnold is grateful . . . — Map (db m61899) HM
Virginia (New Kent County), Talleysville — WO-13 — St. Peter's Church
Two miles northeast is St. Peter's Church, built in 1703 in English bond. David Mossom, rector there for forty years, was the minister who married George Washington. According to one tradition, the wedding took place at St. Peter's Church. — Map (db m17728) HM
Virginia, Newport News — Newport News Victory Arch
1917 VICTORY 1918 Greetings with love to those who return A triumph with tears to those who sleep — Map (db m33955) HM
Virginia, Newport News — Skirmish at Waters Creek
Capt. Edward Waters gave his name to Waters Creek when patented land here in 1624. In the spring of 1781 a force of 30 mounted militia led by Capt. Edward Mallory repulsed a British foraging party loaded with plunder near the mouth of the creek. In . . . — Map (db m33987) HM
Virginia, Newport News — WW II U.S. Submarine Memorial
"We shall never forget that it was our submarines that held the lines against the enemy while our fleets replaced losses and repaired wounds." Fleet Admiral C.W. Nimitz, USN In memory of the crews of the 52 United States submarines lost in . . . — Map (db m34044) WM
Virginia (Northampton County), Machipongo — Northampton County Almshouse At Machipongo
In colonial times, the Church was responsible for the poor and received public tax money. This policy ended with the founding of the United States and the separation of church and state. Northampton County opened its almshouse in 1804. It was a . . . — Map (db m107025) HM
Virginia (Nottoway County), Blackstone — K-172 — Blackstone
Blackstone was first known as Blacks and Whites, after two rival late 18th-century taverns. One of these taverns, Schwartz (Blacks) Tavern, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, still stands. The town was renamed for the English jurist . . . — Map (db m18879) HM
Virginia (Nottoway County), Blackstone — K-175 — Creation of Camp Pickett
Late in 1941, the U.S. government began the condemnation of some 46,000 acres near Blackstone to establish Camp Pickett and train troops for World War II. The action forced 263 families (totaling 1,181 individuals) from their farms early in 1942. . . . — Map (db m31051) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-8 — Bollingbrook Hotel
After a fire destroyed John Niblo's tavern in 1827, Niblo assembled a group of investors who constructed on this site in 1828 the three-story Bollingbrook Hotel, attributed to Otis Manson. The hotel became known as "one of the best taverns in the . . . — Map (db m17130) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Pamplin Historical Park
Pamplin Historical Park & The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier “Walk along these fortifications, take the time to learn something about the story of what happened here, use the museum to understand who these men were, and the . . . — Map (db m57351) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Prelude to the Crater
“The mine is all finished, the powder in, the fuse all ready. I hope that the attack will be successful, for if it is, we shall have Petersburg in our possession.” - Col. Stephen M. Weld, 50th Massachusetts July 28, 1864 The . . . — Map (db m7054) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-10 — St. Paul's Church
St. Paul's Church was built in 1856. Here Robert E. Lee and his staff worshipped during the siege of Petersburg, 1864-65. Lee attended the wedding of his son, W.H.F. Lee, in this church in 1867. Virginia Conservation & Development . . . — Map (db m17625) HM
Virginia (Pittsylvania County), Callands — Callands War Memorial
World War II Korea Vietnam This memorial is dedicated to those who have given the supreme sacrifice to their country and to honor all those from the Callands community who served their country. "If ye break faith, . . . — Map (db m66093) WM
Virginia (Pittsylvania County), Chatham — L-62 — Rawley White Martin Residence
Here stands Morea, the home of Lt. Col. Rawley W. Martin (1835-1912), a physician who served with Pittsylvania County soldiers during the Civil War in the 53d Virginia Infantry Regiment of Brig. Gen. Lewis A. Armistead's brigade. At Gettysburg, Pa., . . . — Map (db m66057) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Norfolk Naval Shipyard“1889-1904” — Path of History Portsmouth, VA
With the advent of the Spanish-American War, an era of wood and canvas gave way to steel and steam in naval shipbuilding. The first U.S. Navy battleship to be commissioned, the USS Texas, and the first modern cruiser, the USS . . . — Map (db m76828) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Portsmouth Naval Hospital"Naval Medical Center Portsmouth" — Fort Nelson Park • Path of History • Portsmouth, VA
Naval Medical Center Portsmouth is known as the “First and Finest.” It was the nation’s first Naval Hospital and has served the military since 1830. The hospital complex is 112 acres and serves approximately 430,000 active duty service . . . — Map (db m62263) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — The 1846 CourthousePath of History — Portsmouth, VA
The 1846 Courthouse building at the corner of Court & High Street in Olde Towne Portsmouth was designed in the classic Greek Revival style by architect, William R. Singleton and built by Willoughby G. Butler. It housed the Norfolk County Court until . . . — Map (db m76790) HM
Virginia (Powhatan County), Powhatan — Z-50 — Cumberland County / Powhatan County
(Obverse) Cumberland County Area 293 square miles Formed in 1748 from Goochland, and named for the Duke of Cumberland, second son of King George II. The earliest call for independence came from this county, April 22, 1776. . . . — Map (db m21144) HM
Virginia (Powhatan County), Powhatan — The Court HousePowhatan County, Powhatan, Virginia
This Court House 1848-1849 was erected by order of court in quarterly session entered on the 6th day of March 1848 whereby for that purpose were appointed commissioners John W. Nash - Wm. S. Dance R.F. Graves - Philip St. George . . . — Map (db m18349) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — F-72 — Campaign of 1781
In 1781, British Gen. Charles Cornwallis ordered cavalry commander Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton to raid Southside Virginia to seize or destroy private and public supplies of ammunition, clothing, and food. On 9 July, Tarleton left Cobham in Surry . . . — Map (db m31340) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — Confederate Veterans Monument
1861 Virginia 1865 Defenders of State "Sovereignty". Confederate Heroes Erected by Confederate Veterans and the Daughters of the Confederacy Oct. 11, 1900. List of companies organized In the county 1861. Company F 18th. . . . — Map (db m31311) HM
Virginia (Prince Edward County), Farmville — I-9 — Hampden-Sydney College
Hampden-Sydney College, in continuous operation since 10 Nov. 1775, was established "to form good men and good Citizens." It was named for John Hampden (1594-1643) and Algernon Sydney (1622-1683), champions of parliamentary rule in England. Patrick . . . — Map (db m31334) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Brown’s Island
Brown’s Island was created when the Haxall Canal was extended west to the Tredegar Iron Works. Encircled by the waterways that provided power and transportation to flour mills, foundries, and paper companies, Brown’s Island has been at the . . . — Map (db m24095) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Chesapeake & Ohio RailwayChartered 1869
Origins in the James River & Kanawha Canal Co. (1785) and the Louisa Railroad (1836). Headquarted in Richmond. Profits came from hauling WVA coal to Newport News shipyards. Merged with B&O in 1972 to form Chessie System. Chessie System merged with . . . — Map (db m70491) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Company Store
The Tredegar Company operated a company store, or commissary, in this two story brick building. The company store was opened shortly after Tredegar resumed production at the end of the Civil War (c.1868) and remained in business until just after the . . . — Map (db m24129) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Confederate HospitalChimborazo 1861-1865
Here on this 40-acre plateau the Confederates built Chimborazo Hospital, one of the largest and best known Civil War military hospitals. Its neat rows of pavilion buildings enhanced ventilation and served as a model for many postwar hospitals. None . . . — Map (db m16143) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 4 — Creole RevoltRichmond Slave Trail
In October of 1841, Madison Washington and over 100 other men were sold from Richmond’s slave jails and ordered for export to New Orleans. Although the infamous Robert Lumpkin did not own his jail until 1844, he was one of several shippers in . . . — Map (db m41828) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Gateway to the Civil WarDiscover more than 800 Civil War sites along ten breathtaking trails.
Welcome to our nation’s only multistate Civil War driving trail, which links hundreds of authentic sites in three states. Established in Virginia in 1995 as the Route of Lee’s Retreat trail, the program has grown to include more than 400 sites in . . . — Map (db m23652) HM
Virginia, Richmond — George Wythe
Site of the home of George Wythe, Signer of the Declaration of Independence — Map (db m47016) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Hollywood Rapids
The rapids to your left are named for the cemetery on the hill straight ahead. The granite rocks that cause them are part of a geological scar that stretches 1000 miles from New Jersey to Georgia. It resulted from the clash of the continents . . . — Map (db m64053) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Hurricane Agnes3 Feet | June 19-23, 1972
The red line below marks the highest known flood level at this location. On June 20, 1972, Hurricane Agnes brought torrential rainfall to the Richmond region, with the flood crest occurring on June 23. Al this spot, flood levels reached a . . . — Map (db m124035) HM
Virginia, Richmond — John Jasper
John Jasper was born in a slave cabin on Peachy Plantation in Fluvanna County on July 4, 1812, and lived until 1901. In 1839, while working in a Richmond tobacco factory, he was "annointed by the Holy Ghost" and went on to become a preacher. On . . . — Map (db m24180) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Manchester Canal
The still water in front of you once flowed freely to the right. It once spun the water wheels and turbines of several paper companies (like the one to your left), ...grist mills (where the grain elevator is now to your right) ...and an . . . — Map (db m30068) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Matthew Fontaine Maury
. . . — Map (db m30000) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Powers-Taylor Building13 South 13th Street
A handsome cast-iron storefront ornaments the ground floor of this row of buildings at 9-15 South 13th Street. Probably built during the 1880s, these structures housed a cigar manufactury and commission merchants' offices. For over 80 years parts of . . . — Map (db m68765) HM
Virginia, Richmond — President’s MansionWhite House of the Confederacy
This house was the executive mansion of Confederate President Jefferson Davis and his family from August 1861 until April 2, 1865. A West Point graduate, former U.S. senator from Mississippi, and former U.S. secretary of war, Davis was the . . . — Map (db m16271) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Raceways
As you explore the grounds of the Tredegar Iron Works, you will occasionally see evidence of underground networks. Below the ground are numerous “raceways,” tunnels of stone and brick, which carried water downhill from the canal to . . . — Map (db m24209) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Ratification of the Constitution
On this site the Virginia Convention ratified the United States Constitution June 25, 1788 In the ratifying convention were Edmund Randolph, James Madison, George Wythe, Henry Lee, John Marshall, Patrick Henry, George Mason and James Monroe . . . — Map (db m18851) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 13 — Reconciliation StatueRichmond Slave Trail
Dedicated 2007 CE Identical statues in Liverpool, England; Benin, West Africa; and Richmond, Virginia, memorialize the British, African, and American triangular trade route, now identified as the Reconciliation Triangle. Traders profited from . . . — Map (db m41843) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Richmond Dock / Chapel Island
Richmond Dock In 1816, the Virginia legislature chartered the Richmond Dock Company. It operated independently of the James River and Kanawha Canal until 1854, when the Tidewater Connection was constructed. The Tidewater Connection, a . . . — Map (db m47430) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Ross' Mill Race
The fluctuating water level of the James River inspired David Ross to construct this mill race. He designed it to provide a continuous source of water power for the mills he owned on this site from c. 1784 to 1809. David Ross was born in . . . — Map (db m23931) HM
Virginia, Richmond — The Center of Industry in 18th and 19th Century Richmond
Her, beside the Falls of the James River, the foundation of Richmond's industry and commerce was built. The canal was the vital artery of transportation and the source of water power that nurtured industry's growth. Grain, hides, tobacco, cotton, . . . — Map (db m23852) HM
Virginia, Richmond — The Flour Trade
Flour milling was Richmond's earliest industry, and in the 19th century, only tobacco surpassed flour as Richmond's largest commercial product. Richmond flour brands were known internationally for not spoiling in tropical conditions, and were . . . — Map (db m23952) HM
Virginia, Richmond — To HonorThe Confederate Soldiers
. . . — Map (db m16307) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA-49 — Virginia House
Architectural elements of the Priory of Saint Sepulcher (Warwick Priory), originally built more than 900 years ago, were transplanted from England to Richmond in 1925 by American diplomat Alexander Wilbourne Weddell and his wife, Virginia. . . . — Map (db m20533) HM
Virginia, Richmond — Welcome to Chapel Island
The island on which you are standing has a rich and varied history. The first record of what is now Chapel Island - a peninsula of land running from 14th Street to Pear Street - may well have been the first record of Richmond. When Captains John . . . — Map (db m92034) HM
Virginia, Richmond — 3 — Welcome to Richmond’s Historic RiverfrontCaptain John Smith’s Adventures on the James — www.johnsmithtrail.org
In front of you are the trails on Belle Isle, a historic part of the James River Park System. To your left is Brown’s Island and the canal walk. About a mile below the falls, Christopher Newport, John Smith and 21 others found a native . . . — Map (db m23714) HM
Virginia, Richmond — What’s That?
Extreme Left Federal Reserve Bank — This impressive steel and glass building rises 26 stories. It houses the Fifth District headquarters of the Federal Reserve System that regulates money supply in the southeast. Only 51% . . . — Map (db m46973) HM
Virginia, Richmond — SA-100 — Wickham-Valentine House
Attorney John Wickham (1763-1839) lived at this location beginning in 1790. A prominent lawyer, he helped defend Aaron Burr against treason charges in 1807. Alexander Parris designed this neoclassical house built here for Wickham in 1812. Wickham’s . . . — Map (db m59355) HM
Virginia (Richmond County), Village — Z-2 — Richmond County / Northumberland County
Richmond County Area 204 Square Miles Formed in 1692 from Old Rappahannock County, and named for the town of Richmond, Surrey, England. Sabine Hall and Mount Airy, noted old homes, are in this county. Northumberland County Area . . . — Map (db m76410) HM
Virginia (Rockbridge County), Lexington — A-49 — Thorn Hill Estate
Home of Colonel John Bowyer, an officer in the Revolutionary War, and of General E.F. Paxton, commander of the Stonewall Brigade, killed at Chancellorsville May 3, 1863. — Map (db m67318) HM
Virginia (Southampton County), Courtland — U 120-a — Benjamin F. Hicks1847-1925
Born six miles north of here near Courtland in the Berlin-Ivor District of Southampton County, African American Benjamin Hicks made his living by farming. Highly respected for his industrious and creative talents, he used the anvil, forge, and . . . — Map (db m48945) HM
Virginia (Southampton County), Courtland — The Rebecca Vaughan House
A work in progress - The Nat Turner Era Donated to the Southampton County Historical Society by Jack and Ina Gee Pittman. Its historical significance in our county history: The last house on the insurrection scene in which anyone was . . . — Map (db m60734) HM
Virginia (Southampton County), Franklin — US-6 — South Quay
Nearby along the eastern bank of the Blackwater River once existed the community of South Quay, also sometimes called South Key, Old Quay, or Old South Quay. Founded by 1657, South Quay by 1701 had become the site of a landing and trading post. A . . . — Map (db m18181) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Confederate CounterattackThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
Confederate General Richard S. Ewell responded quickly to Upton’s breakthrough at Dole’s Salient. Wading into the melee, he shouted to the outnumbered defenders: “Don’t run, boys. I will have enough men here in five minutes to eat up every . . . — Map (db m66232) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Good Hope Colored School
The Livingston district at Spotsylvania County had the largest number of one-room schools for African American children in the county before consolidation in the 1950s. As late as the mid 1990s, two of those schools were still standing, albeit . . . — Map (db m73750) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Falmouth — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park
Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Wilderness, and Spotsylvania—this is the bloodiest landscape in North America. No place more vividly reflects the Civil War’s tragic cost in all its forms. A city bombarded, bloodied, and looted. Farms large . . . — Map (db m35378) HM
Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — John Smith Explores the ChesapeakeCaptain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail
(panel 1) Captain Smith explored the Chesapeake Bay in the early 1600s seeking precious metals and a passage to Asia. He traveled the James, Chickahominy, and York rivers in 1607, and led two major expeditions from Jamestown in 1608. . . . — Map (db m75973) HM
Virginia, Suffolk — Z-243 — Isle of Wight County / Nansemond County
Isle of Wight County Area 314 Square Miles One of the original Shires formed in 1634. Its name was at first Warrascoyack, changed in 1637 to Isle of Wight. Of the oldest churches in the United States is in this county. Nansemond . . . — Map (db m76777) HM
Virginia, Suffolk — KO-2 — Nansemond Collegiate Institute
Here stood the Nansemond Collegiate Institute, founded in 1890 as the Nansemond Industrial Institute by Rev. William W. Gaines to provide local black children with an education, because free public schools were closed to them. Eventually the . . . — Map (db m76807) HM
Virginia, Suffolk — K-252 — Siege of Suffolk
The town was occupied by Union Troops from May, 1862, until the end of the Civil War. Confederate forces under Longstreet unsuccessfully besieged Suffolk, from April 11, to May 3, 1863, when they withdrew across the James on Lee's orders. — Map (db m18149) HM
Virginia (Surry County), Claremont — Quioughcohanach Indians
May 5, 1607 The English settlers visited here the principal village of the Quioughcohanach Indians This marker is erected by The Colonel William Allen Chapter N.S.D.A.R. 1930 — Map (db m35941) HM
Virginia (Surry County), Dendron — K-283 — Surry, Sussex & Southampton Railway
The Surry Lumber Company began constructing the main line of its narrow-gauge Surry, Sussex & Southampton Railway in 1886. Eventually extending 28 miles, the line began at Scotland Wharf on the James River, continued to the sawmill complex here at . . . — Map (db m103872) HM
Virginia (Surry County), Surry — Chanco
In memory of Chanco The Indian who lived with Richard Pace at Pace’s Paines in this county and who on the night before the massacre of March 22, 1622 informed Pace of Opechancanough’s plot and thus saved the Jamestown Colony . . . — Map (db m36052) HM
Virginia (Surry County), Surry — K-301 — Jamestown Ferry
Near this site on February 26, 1925, the ferry Captain John Smith began the first automobile ferry service crossing the James River. Captain Albert F. Jester was the inaugurator and owner/operator until it was sold to the Commonwealth of . . . — Map (db m76778) HM
Virginia, Williamsburg — In Gallia Nati Mortui in Virginia1781 - 1931
Here are inscribed the names of those soldiers of France who died within these walls and in other hospitals of Williamsburg of wounds received during the Siege of Yorktown Regiment d’Agenois Aimont, Jean Francois • Allard. Andre • . . . — Map (db m66932) HM WM
Virginia, Williamsburg — Mill Dam
The mound of earth in front of you was probably part of the dam for William Parks' paper mill. His mill was the first in Virginia for making paper and operated six years or more beginning 1744. Parks established the first permanent press in Virginia . . . — Map (db m25813) HM
Virginia, Williamsburg — The Christopher Wren Building1695-1931
Their Majesties King William & Queen Mary on February the eight, sixteen hundred and ninety-three, granted a charter establishing the College of William and Mary in Virginia “to the end that Church of Virginia may be furnished with a seminary . . . — Map (db m66929) HM
Virginia (York County), Yorktown — NP-1 — Charles Church
About one mile east, on north (left-hand) side of road (see stone marker and old foundations) stood the last colonial church of Charles Parish, built about 1708 and burned a century later, on the site of two earlier churches of the parish, built . . . — Map (db m34008) HM
Virginia (York County), Yorktown — Indian Field Creek
The ground to the south along this creek was the home of the Chiskiack Indians, a small tribe whose leader was a "werowance," or petty chief, under Powhatan. As the English began to settle this area, about 1630, the Chiskiacks moved across the York . . . — Map (db m25806) HM
Virginia (York County), Yorktown — Nathaniel Bacon
Among the tombs in the burial ground of the Ringfield family is a marker to Colonel Nathaniel Bacon who was prominent in Virginia affairs in the last half of the seventeenth century. He was a kinsman but an opponent of Nathaniel Bacon, Jr.-"the . . . — Map (db m25799) HM
Virginia (York County), Yorktown — Shiloh Baptist ChurchCivil War Yorktown
Shiloh Baptist Church was started in 1863 by former slave and lay minister, John Carey; and Reverend Jeremiah Asher from Shiloh Baptist Church in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The church sewed the residents of Slabtown, a community established by the . . . — Map (db m90962) HM
Virginia (York County), Yorktown — Virginia Institute of Marine Science
Across the York River in Gloucester County is the Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS), one of the nation’s leading centers for the interdisciplinary research in coastal oceans and estuarine science. Chartered in 1940 as the Virginia . . . — Map (db m64628) HM
Virginia (York County), Yorktown — Washington-Rochambeau Route
General Washington and the French troops under General Rochambeau began the siege of Great Britain's General Cornwallis at Yorktown on September 28, 1781. Cornwallis surrendered his army on October 19 after a siege of 21 days. — Map (db m66913) HM
West Virginia (Fayette County), Gauley Bridge — Battles For The BridgesGauley Bridge - A Town in Between
When the war began, most residents of this part of present-day West Virginia were Confederate in their sympathies. Both Confederate and Union forces considered the wooden covered bridge here strategically important because the James River and . . . — Map (db m34373) HM
West Virginia (Kanawha County), Dunbar — Andrew & Charles Lewis March
The nearby highway is part of route traversing W. Va. from Lewisburg to Point Pleasant memorialized by the state to commemorate the march of the American Colonial army of 1,200 men led by Andrew & Charles Lewis. After a month's march this army . . . — Map (db m81415) HM
West Virginia (Monroe County), Sweet Springs — Gov. John Floyd
Near here is grave of John Floyd, 1783-1837. Governor of Virginia, 1830-1834; champion of the Oregon Country and of States' Rights; leader in the formation of the Whig Party; bitter foe of administration of President Andrew Jackson. — Map (db m34487) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Buckeye — Natural History and HeritageBuckeye
Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea) lndigo Buntings have no blue pigment; they are actually black, but the diffraction of light through the structure of the feathers makes them appear blue. These attractive birds are also found in rural . . . — Map (db m93994) HM
West Virginia (Randolph County), Valley Head — Mingo Flats
Named for the Mingo Indians who had a village here. This tribe was a branch of the Iroquois. The Seneca Indian Trail passes this point. On Valley Mountain in 1861, Gen. Robert E. Lee camped while campaigning in this valley. — Map (db m34374) HM

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