“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

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Illinois Central #790 and it Tender image, Touch for more information
By Craig Swain, July 25, 2008
Illinois Central #790 and it Tender
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — A Crisis in CommandMarch 7, 1862 - Afternoon
We must not let the men know that General McCulloch is killed. Benjamin Pixley, Lieutenant, 16th Arkansas Infantry The general in charge of this half of the Confederate army - Texan Ben McCulloch - had formed his division, some 7,000 strong, . . . — Map (db m35559) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Disastrous RetreatMarch 8, 1862 - Afternoon
It took two weeks for the stunned survivors of the Confederate Army of the West to make their way from here back to rendezvous on the Arkansas River. In late March 1862 General Van Dorn was ordered to take his army east to Mississippi. This left . . . — Map (db m35666) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Elkhorn Tavern TakenMarch 7, 1862 - Early Afternoon
Confederate commander Earl Van Dorn had pushed his army relentlessly for a week to catch the Union army by surprise. Now, after hours of hard fighting up the Telegraph Road, here in sight of Elkhorn Tavern, Van Dorn gambled by committing all his . . . — Map (db m37756) HM
Arkansas (Mississippi County), Osceola — Battle of Plum Run Bend
On May 10, 1862, Confederates defeated the Union navy in one of only two Civil War gunboat fleet engagements on the Mississippi River, ramming and sinking two Union ironclads, Cincinnati and Mound City. A reinforced Union armada routed the . . . — Map (db m36320) HM
Arkansas (Mississippi County), Osceola — Reggie Young
Called the most prolific session guitarist of all time, Reggie Young grew up along the Cotton Highway in Osceola in the 1940s. Joining a multitude of famous artists, such as Johnny Cash, Elvis Presely, the Beatles, and Willie Nelson, Young has . . . — Map (db m36409) HM
Arkansas (Mississippi County), Osceola — Violet Cemetery
Violet Cemetery predates Arkansas statehood, the county, and city, with the oldest grave dating 1831. Initially secluded, the cemetery found itself in the middle of downtown as Osceola grew west because of cotton farming and manufacturing. Many . . . — Map (db m36709) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Fort Stevens
Civil War Defenses of Washington 1861-1865 The partial reconstruction of Fort Stevens that you see today was done by the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1937. No visible evidence of the original fort remains. Battle of Fort Stevens July 11-12, . . . — Map (db m3028) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — Ashburton House
. . . — Map (db m4082) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — W.4 — New York Avenue Presbyterian Church at Herald SquareCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
“The churches are needed as never before for divine services,” President Abraham Lincoln So said President Lincoln from his pew in New York Avenue Presbyterian Church. While other churches were occupied by the federal government . . . — Map (db m32926) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Downtown — U.S. Reservation 196L'Enfant Plan for the Federal City
"No nation perhaps had ever before the opportunity offer'd them of deliberately deciding on the spot where their Capital city should be fixed..." - Peter C. L'Enfant to George Washington, September 11, 1789 A new nation faced dissolution. . . . — Map (db m60127) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Dupont Circle — This House was Occupied by Alexander Graham Bell
. . . — Map (db m59330) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — 6 — Arts and ArtistsMake No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail
Woodrow Wilson Plaza honors President Woodrow Wilson, noted scholar and former president of Princeton University. Located just inside the Ronald Reagan building ahead is the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, the nation's memorial to . . . — Map (db m57208) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Federal Triangle — 15 of 16 — Temple for Our History[National Archives Building] Make No Little Plans — Federal Triangle Heritage Trail
You’re standing at the National Archives Building, the first permanent repository for the original records of the federal government. They include the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights, displayed inside with . . . — Map (db m56901) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Judiciary Square — e.6 — A Courthouse RebornCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail
(Front): The old City Hall/Courthouse endured hard use, was abandoned, and then was transformed. In 2009 it re-opened as the DC Court of Appeals, redesigned by Beyer Blinder Belle Architects & Planners, which modernized the interior while . . . — Map (db m58612) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Judiciary Square — On This Corner ...
Imagine standing on this corner between the late 1800s and late 1960s. What would you see? You would be surrounded by rowhouses, apartment buildings, small businesses, and streetcars rattling down G Street toward Union Station. The homes were . . . — Map (db m58462) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Near Northeast — 15 — At the CrossroadsHub, Home, Heart — Greater H Street NE Heritage Trail
One year before Congress and the President arrived in their new capital city in 1800, Washington's Navy Yard opened at the foot of Eighth Street, two miles south of this sign. The yard soon became the city's biggest employer. In 1908 streetcars . . . — Map (db m71680) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Bulfinch Gate House
Erected about 1828 under direction of Charles Bulfinch, Architect of the Capitol, this gate house stood until 1874 with another (now at 17th and Constitution Avenue) at the west entrance to the Capitol Grounds — Map (db m245) HM
Florida (Bay County), Panama City — F-477 — The St. Andrew Bay Saltworks
Between 1861 and 1865, the St. Andrew Bay Saltworks, one of the largest producers of salt in the South, contributed to the Confederate cause by providing salt, fish, and cattle for southern troops and citizens. A necessary preservative in those . . . — Map (db m8158) HM
Florida (Duval County), Jacksonville — The River of MayFort Caroline National Monument — Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve
"[H]aving landed [on the River of May's shore]... we saw the chief of that country, ... he ... showed such enthusiasm that he almost lost his composure. He came up to us... repeating ...'friend, friend.'" Captain René de Laundonnière, 1564 . . . — Map (db m46555) HM
Florida (Monroe County), Key West — Naval Station1823 - 1974
Commodore David Porter established a Naval Station here on April 3, 1823 as a Supply Base for his 17-ship Anti-Pirate Squadron. The Station remained in constant operation from that date until its disestablishment on March 31, 1974. Although its . . . — Map (db m26835) HM
Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Fuente de los Caños de San Francisco
The set of masks that decorate this fountain was a gift to the City of St. Augustine by its sister city in Spain, the City of Avilés, birthplace of Pedro Menéndez, founder of St. Augustine in 1565. Presented in 2005 to the people of St. Augustine . . . — Map (db m46680) HM
Florida (St. Johns County), St. Augustine — Santo Domingo RedoubtThe Defensive System of Colonial St. Augustine
Following the 1702 English siege of St. Augustine, the Spanish began construction of a system of peripheral fortifications to protect the town based on the principle of defense-in-depth. Between 1704-1821, the Spanish completed the outworks of the . . . — Map (db m46580) HM
Indiana (Wayne County), Fountain City — Home of Levi Coffin
1827 1847 This house was called the "Union Depot of the Underground Railroad," and more than 2000 escaped slaves were cared for here. Tablet placed by Wayne Co. Society of Indianapolis — Map (db m4482) HM
Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — 27 — Fort Jefferson
Fort Jefferson (also known as Camp Crittenden) was the second of two Union Army posts established in Ballard County in September 1861, following the Confederate occupation of Columbus. Fort Jefferson was first established during the American . . . — Map (db m18493) HM
Kentucky (Hickman County), Clinton — 895 — County Named, 1821
For Capt. Paschal Hickman who was massacred by Indians after River Raisin battle, Jan., 1813, one of nine Ky. officers killed in that action for whom counties named. Resided Franklin County, extensive landowner. Originally, Hickman comprised the . . . — Map (db m36945) HM
Kentucky (Hickman County), Columbus — Fourth United States Colored Heavy Artillery
The Fourth United States Colored Heavy Artillery was initially organized as the Second Tennessee Heavy Artillery, African Descent and also briefly known as the Third Mississippi. Despite its initial designation as a Tennessee unit and second . . . — Map (db m37295) HM
Kentucky (Knox County), Barbourville — The Battle of BarbourvilleSeptember 19, 1861
On September 19, 1861, near the spot where you now stand, a small contingent of Knox County Home Guard faced 800 Confederates at the bridge spanning Town Spring Branch. In 1992 the Civil War Sites Advisory Commission named the Battle of Barbourville . . . — Map (db m35809) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Somerset — Russell S. Dyche Memorial Highway
This section of KY 80 was named to honor the memory of a man whose vision foresaw the role it would play in someday - a link in a chain of great highways stretching across the breath of the Commonwealth from the hills of Appalachia to the lakes and . . . — Map (db m35877) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Emmitsburg — Mount Saint Mary's College
1808 - 1983 Dedicated to Mount Saint Mary's College Quote from Helmans History of Emmitsburg: "- The great fire occurred June 15th, 1863 it originated in the livery stable of Guthrie & Beam, consuming over fifty buildings in all; the fire . . . — Map (db m9619) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Fleeing for Their Lives
8:30 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. July 9, 1864 Distressed that their main escape route had been burned, the stranded Federal skirmishers fought on as they faced periodic Confederate attacks. Late in the afternoon, they gradually fell back towards the Baltimore . . . — Map (db m3271) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — George Washington
On August 5 and 6, 1785, and again June 30 and July 1, 1791, was the guest of Thomas Johnson at the latter's manorial residence which stood on the site of the present farm house, about 150 yards east of this point. Thomas Johnson, a member of the . . . — Map (db m1538) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — The National RoadThe Road that Built the Nation
“. . . so many happy people, restless in the midst of abundance.” —Alexis de Tocqueville, 1840. Americans are an adventurous people. From past to present, they have used feet, horses, wagons, stagecoaches, canals, . . . — Map (db m2753) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Thomas Farm
Col. C. Keefer Thomas, a businessman, should have stayed in Baltimore. He was so sure a war eventually would rage around that city that he moved his family to this 240-acre farm, called Araby. Soon troops were marching through or camping here in the . . . — Map (db m3278) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Worthington-McKinney Ford
11:00 a.m.-3:00 p.m. July 9, 1864 Confederate troops succeeded in finding their way across the Monocacy River at the foot of this hill. Brig. Gen. John McCausland's 350 cavalrymen came up over the hill and assembled on the front yard of the . . . — Map (db m3285) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Middletown — Clovinger HouseCirca 1800
Presumably built by Philip Clovinger, 10 West Main began as a one-story log dwelling constructed in the early 1800's. In 1821 Thomas Powell, described as Middletown's first blacksmith, acquired the property and improved the building for commercial . . . — Map (db m5300) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Urbana — Dennis Memorial
This boulder, taken from the bed of the improved Rt. 355 (formerly US Rte. 240) previously stood approximately 50 ft to the south at a point where the old Urbana Road/Georgetown Pike (now Araby Church Road) intersects the relocated improved highway. . . . — Map (db m78432) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Beallsville — BeallsvilleSquabble at the cemetery: Whose flag flies today? — Antietam Campaign 1862
On September 9, 1862, the running engagement between Illinois, Indiana, and Virginia cavalry units that began the day before in Poolesville continued in Beallsville when two Federal regiments forced the single regiment of Virginia cavalrymen posted . . . — Map (db m1681) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Stronghold — Sugarloaf MountainA Signalman’s Lot — Antietam Campaign 1862
You are at the foot of Sugarloaf Mountain, where on September 5-6, 1862, Union observers watched the Army of Northern Virginia cross the Potomac River to invade Maryland. A signal station had been established here in the summer of 1861, one in a . . . — Map (db m1749) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Bladensburg — The Incidental Cause of the Star-Spangled Banner (1814)
Following the Battle of Bladensburg and the sacking and burning of Washington, D.C., during the war of 1812, British troops reentered the town of Upper Marlboro on August 26, 1814. It was at this point that some stragglers were arrested and . . . — Map (db m33226) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Colmar Manor — Historic Fort Lincoln Cemetery
Fort Lincoln Cemetery was chartered in 1912 by an act of the Maryland General Assembly and presently contains 178 acres. Here, at Fort Lincoln Cemetery, masterworks of marble, granite and bronze stand in solemn dignity and provides a tranquil . . . — Map (db m3614) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Fort Washington — Fort FooteProtecting the Nation’s Capital
High on a bluff, a hundred feet above the Potomac River, twelve heavy guns commanded the approach to the city. Smaller cannon were placed to protect Fort Foote from landward attack. Numerous buildings were constructed to house and support the large . . . — Map (db m41414) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Funkstown — Keller Home
Used to treat Confederate officer H.D. McDaniel 11th GA. Regt. during the battle of Funkstown July 10, 1863, who suffered a severe wound and was brought to this house. He survived to later become governor of Georgia. — Map (db m2006) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Keedysville — Civil War Hospital SiteSamuel Pry Mill
Civil War Hospital Site Samuel Pry Mill Was used as a hospital during The Maryland Campaign 1862 Private Property courtesy of S.H.A.F. — Map (db m3203) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Leitersburg — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through . . . — Map (db m4732) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Sandy Hook — Maryland Heights - Mountain Fortress of Harpers Ferry
You are standing on the border between North and South during the Civil War. As the highest ridge surrounding Harpers Ferry, Maryland Heights played a prominent role in the strategic operations of both the Union and Confederacy. Southern forces . . . — Map (db m4982) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Sharpsburg — 28th Ohio Volunteer Infantry
(Front of Monument): OHIO 28th Infantry Commanded by Lieut. Col. Gottfried Becker Crooks (2d) Brigade Kanawha Division Ninth Army Corps Army of the Potomac (Rear of Monument): This Regiment was conducted by Gen. Crook on a . . . — Map (db m6572) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Sharpsburg — 8th Ohio Regiment
(Front): Ohio 8th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry Lieut. Col. Franklin Sawyer 1st Brigade Gen. Nathan Kimball 3rd Division Gen. W. H. French 2nd Corps, Gen. Edwin V. Sumner Army of the Potomac On this field Ohio's sons sacrificed life . . . — Map (db m5493) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Sharpsburg — 372 — Artillery Battalion, A.P. Hill's Division
C.S.A. Artillery Battalion, A.P. Hill's Division, Major R.L. Walker, Commanding, (September 17, 1862.) Four batteries of this battalion were engaged. McIntosh's (South Carolina) Battery came on the field about 2:30 p.m. and went into position . . . — Map (db m6761) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Sharpsburg — 106 — Battery E, 2nd U.S. Artillery
U.S.A. Battery E, 2nd U.S. Artillery. Lieut. Samuel E. Benjamin, U.S.A. Commanding. (September 16-17, 1862.) On the morning of September 16, Benjamin's Battery took position on the ridge bordering the Antietam, above the Burnside Bridge, engaged . . . — Map (db m6722) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Sharpsburg — 1 — First Army Corps
U.S.A. First Army Corps. Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker, Commanding. September 16, 1862. The First Army Corps moved from its bivouac near Keedysville at 2 p.m. on Sept 16. Doubleday's Division crossed the Antietam at Pry's Ford; Rickett's and Meade's . . . — Map (db m5918) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Sharpsburg — Hexamer's (New Jersey) Battery
September 17, 1862 —————— From a position about 60 yards south of this point the battery, between 2 and 3 p.m., engaged and silenced the Confederate artillery around the Dunkard Church. — Map (db m6036) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Sharpsburg — 330 — Longstreet's CommandLaw's Brigade, Hood's Division
C.S.A. Longstreet's Command, Law's Brigade, Hood's Division, Colonel E.M. Law, 4th Alabama, Commanding, Organization. 4th Alabama Infantry, 2nd Mississippi Infantry, 6th North Carolina Infantry, 11th Mississippi Infantry. (September 17, 1862.) . . . — Map (db m5786) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Sharpsburg — 52 — Twelfth Army CorpsStainrook's Brigade, Green's Division
U.S.A. Twelfth Army Corps Stainrook's Brigade, Green's Division, Col. Henry J. Stainrook, 100th Penn., Commanding. Organization. 3d Maryland Infantry, 102d New York Infantry, 111th Pennsylvania Infantry. (September 17, 1862.) After the . . . — Map (db m6886) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Sharpsburg — 28 — William's Division, Twelfth Army Corps
U.S.A. Williams' Division, Twelfth Army Corps, Brig. Gen. Alpheus S. Williams, Commanding. (September 17, 1862.) Williams' Division moved from the Line and Hoffman Farms at daylight on the 17th, formed line at 7 a.m. near the North Woods, and . . . — Map (db m5961) HM
Maryland (Worcester County), Berlin — The Wild Ponies
Hardy, compact, and spirited - the horses on Assateague Island run freely over a range bounded by ocean and bay. Bands of mares and young led by protective stallions graze on marsh grasses, drink at freshwater ponds, and retreat into island forests . . . — Map (db m8340) HM
Missouri (Iron County), Pilot Knob — The Powder Magazine
This crater marks the site of the powder magazine. The underground structure was 40 feet long, 12 feet high and 12 feet wide. It was covered with 15 feet of earth to protect it. The powder magazine held some 20 tons of gunpowder and ammunition . . . — Map (db m38442) HM
New York (Chemung County), Elmira — 107th New York Volunteers1861-1865
(Front):107 N.Y. Vols. Antietam Chancellorsville Gettysburg Resaca New Hope Church 1861-1865 (Left Side):Pine Knob Culp's Farm Kenesaw Mountain Peach Tree Creek Siege of Atlanta (Right Side):Sherman's March Siege of . . . — Map (db m32322) HM
New York (Chemung County), Lowman — Line Occupied - Rifle Corps
Line occupied Rifle Corps under General Hand at opening of battle August 29, 1779 — Map (db m33326) HM
North Carolina (Carteret County), Morehead City — CC-3 — Siege of Fort Macon
Prelude: On February 8, 1862, Union General Ambrose E. Burnside captured Roanoke Island, key to the important Sound Region of Norteastern North Carolina. On February 10, Elizabeth City fell followed by strategic New Bern on March 14. Washington was . . . — Map (db m31254) HM
North Carolina (Halifax County), Enfield — E 16 — John Branch
Governor of N.C., 1817-20, and of the Florida Territory, Secretary of the Navy, U.S. Senator. Home was four blocks, grave is ½ mile, west. — Map (db m59066) HM
North Carolina (Halifax County), Weldon — Rockfish Capital of the WorldTown of Weldon
The Myth of Rocky the Giant Rockfish While doing research on the historic Weldon fish hatchery, I cam across a fishing story that was so unbelievable that I felt I had to share it with others. It starts on a crisp March morning 1904, with a . . . — Map (db m64828) HM
North Carolina (Wayne County), Goldsboro — F 12 — North Carolina Railroad
Built by the State, 1851-56, from Goldsboro to Charlotte. Eastern terminus a few yards N. — Map (db m31554) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Fairfield — Field Hospital
Wounded of the Sixth U.S. Cavalry and Sixth Virginia Cavalry C.S.A. were cared for in this church building after a severe engagement that took place two miles north of here on July 3, 1863. — Map (db m10773) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 106th Pennsylvania Volunteers2nd Brigade, 2nd Division — 2nd Corps
(Front):106 Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers 2d Brigade 2d Division 2d Corps July 2d and 3d 1863. Took into action 23 officers 263 men. Loss. Killed 1 officer 10 men. Wounded 10 officers 49 men. Missing 2 men. Total 11 officers 61 men. 72. . . . — Map (db m17282) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 10th New York Cavalry
(Front): 10th New York Cavalry 2rd. Brig. 2nd. Div. Cavalry Corps July 2nd. 1863 3 to 8 P.M.(Back):Casualties Killed 2. Wounded 4. Missing 3. Total Loss 9. — Map (db m9469) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 111th Pennsylvania Infantry2d Brigade, 2nd Division — 12th Corps
(Front):111th. Penna. Infantry 2d Brigade 2d Division 12th Corps (Left): The Regiment built these works. In the evening of July 2 it was withdrawn with the Brigade, and returning during the night found the enemy in the works. Assisted . . . — Map (db m13706) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 125th New York Infantry3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Corps
(Front):125th New York Infantry, 3d Brig. 3d Div. 2d Corps. Recruited in Rensselaer Co. N.Y. Mustered in at Troy, N.Y. Aug. 27th 1862. Engaged in 23 battles. Mustered out at Albany, N.Y. June 5th 1865. (Back):George Lamb . . . — Map (db m14767) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 136th New York Infantry2d Brigade, 2d Division — 11th Corps
(Front):136th New York Infantry, 2d Brig. 2d Div. 11th Corps. (Left):July 1st 2d 3d 1863. ———— Number engaged ____ ————— Casualties; Killed 17, Wounded 89, Missing 3, Total 109, . . . — Map (db m16889) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 19th Maine Infantry Regiment1st Brigade, 2nd Division — 2nd Corps
19th Maine Inf'y Reg't. 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 2d Corps In the Evening of July 2d this Regiment at a position on the left of Batt'y C, 5th U.S. helped to repel the enemy that had driven in Humphreys' Division, taking one battle flag and . . . — Map (db m16289) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 19th Regiment Massachusetts Infantry3rd Brigade, 2nd Division — 2nd Corps
The 19th Reg't Mass. Vol. Infty of the 3rd Brigade - 2nd Division - 2nd Army Corps stood here on the afternoon of July 3rd 1863 — Map (db m16364) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 45th New York Infantry
Advance Position 45. N.Y. Inf. July 1, 1863 — Map (db m15435) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 49th New York Infantry3rd Brigade, 2nd Division — 6th Corps
. . . — Map (db m17850) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 5th New York Cavalry1st Brigade, 3rd Division — Cavalry Corps
(Front):5th N.Y. Cavalry 1st Brig. 3rd Div. Cavalry Corps (Back): July 3rd 1863 this regiment under command of Maj. John Hammond here supported Battery E, 4th U.S. Horse Artillery, Lieut. S.S. Elder losing 6 men. This regiment, June . . . — Map (db m32708) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 64th New York Infantry4th Brigade, 1st Division — 2nd Corps
. . . — Map (db m15603) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 82nd New York Infantry2nd New York State Militia — 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Corps
(Front):82nd New York Infantry (2nd N.Y.S.M.) 1st Brigade 2nd Division 2nd Corps July 2nd and 3rd 1863. Casualties Killed 45 Wounded 132 missing 15 (Left): On the evening of July 2nd, moved to the Emmitsburg Road to protect flank of . . . — Map (db m16339) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 91st Pennsylvania Volunteer Regiment(Hazlett and Weed Memorial)
91. P.V.V. Reg. Position July 2 ,3, 4, 1863.Erected by the 91 Reg P.V. in memory of Brig. Gen. Weed 3 Brig. 2 Div. 5 A.C. and Lt. Chs. E. Hazlett 5th U.S. Arty. who fell at this spot July 2, 1863. — Map (db m14917) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — 93rd Pennsylvania Infantry3d Brigade, 3d Division — 6th Corps
(Front):93d Penna. Infantry. 3d Brigade, 3d Division, 6th Corps. July 2nd & 3rd 1863. (Left):After charging with the Brigade from the right of Little Round Top in the evening of July 2d and assisting in the repulse of the enemy and in . . . — Map (db m16596) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Alexander's BattalionArtillery Reserve - Longstreet's Corps — Army of Northern Virginia
C.S.A. Army of Northern Virginia Longstreet's Corps Artillery Reserve Alexander's Battalion Woolfolk's Jordon's Parker's Taylor's Moody's and Rhett's Batteries Two 20 pounder Parrotts, One 10 Pounder Parrott Seven 3 inch Rifles, Six Napoleons . . . — Map (db m10098) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Army of Northern VirginiaJune 30, 1863
Heth's Division Hill's Corps at Cashtown. Pettigrew's Brigade Heth's Division marched nearly to Gettysburg but was recalled. Pender's Division Hill's Corps marched from Fayetteville to Cashtown. Anderson's Division Hill's Corps remained at . . . — Map (db m11827) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Army of the PotomacJuly 3 1863
First and Second Brigades First Cavalry Division marched from Taneytown to Westminster. The Reserve Brigade First Cavalry Division from Emmitsburg to the field of Gettysburg and the Second Brigade Second Cavalry Division from Manchester to . . . — Map (db m15553) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Army of the Potomac
Major General George G. Meade Commanding The Army consisted of Eight Army Corps First Corps - Major General John F. Reynolds, Major General Abner Doubleday, Major General John Newton Second Corps - Major General Winfield S. Hancock, Brigadier . . . — Map (db m16128) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Battery C, Third U.S. ArtillerySecond Brigade - Horse Artillery - Cavalry Corps — Army of the Potomac
Army of the Potomac Cavalry Corps Second Brigade Horse Artillery Battery C Third U.S. Artillery Six 3 inch Rifles Lieut. William D. Fuller Commanding July 1 Proceeded under orders to Manchester Md. and picketed and held all roads until afternoon . . . — Map (db m13338) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Battery E, Pennsylvania Light Artillery
(Front):Battery E. (Knap's) Penna. Light Artillery (Front):Mustered in Oct. 1st 1861. Reenlisted Jan. 1864. Mustered out June 14th 1865. At 3:30 p.m. July 2d one gun was placed on Culp's Hill in the position marked by a monument, and . . . — Map (db m17886) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Battery F, Fourth U.S. ArtilleryArtillery Brigade - Twelfth Corps — Army of the Potomac
Army of the Potomac Twelfth Corps Artillery Brigade Battery F Fourth U.S. Artillery Six 12 pounders Lieut. Sylvanus T. Rugg commanding July 1 Approached Gettysburg on the Baltimore Pike to Two Taverns and took position to counteract any . . . — Map (db m13363) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Benner's Hill
"The most accurate fire I have yet seen from their artillery." Colonel Charles S. Wainwright 1st Corps Artillery Brigade, USA The Confederate battle plan on July 2 called for General Richard Ewell's Second Corps to threaten the right flank of the . . . — Map (db m10930) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Continuing a Tradition: Freemasonry at Gettysburg
The Right Worshipful Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Pennsylvania laid and dedicated the cornerstone of the first battlefield monument on July 4, 1865. That Soldier's National Monument is located on the grounds of the Soldiers' . . . — Map (db m16907) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Crenshaw's Battery - Pegram's BattalionArtillery Reserve - Hill's Corps — Army of Northern Virginia
Army of Northern Virginia Hill's Corps Artillery Reserve Pegram's Battalion Crenshaw's Battery Two Napoleons, Two 12 pounder Howitzers July 1 The Napoleons occupied the ridge west of Herr's Tavern and took an active part in the battle. The . . . — Map (db m11516) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Field Hospitals - Second CorpsMedical Department — Army of the Potomac
Army of the Potomac Medical Department Field Hospitals Second Corps The Division Hospitals of the Second Corps were located July 2nd at the Granite School House but were soon removed to near Rock Creek west of the creek and six hundred yards . . . — Map (db m17925) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — First BrigadeFirst Division - Twelfth Corps — Army of the Potomac
Army of the Potomac Twelfth Corps First Division First Brigade Col. Archibald L. McDougall 5th. 20th. Connecticut, 3d. Maryland 123d. 145th. New York, 46th. Penna. Infantry July 1 Marched from Littlestown and when within two miles of Gettysburg . . . — Map (db m13638) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — First BrigadeSecond Division, Third Corps — Army of the Potomac
Army of the Potomac Third Corps Second Division First Brigade Brig. Gen. Joseph B. Carr 1st. 11th. 16th. Massachusetts 12th. New Hampshire 11th. New Jersey 26th. 84th. Pennsylvania Infantry July 2 Arrived around 1 a.m. and bivouacked for the . . . — Map (db m17368) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — First DivisionCavalry Corps — Army of the Potomac
Army of the Potomac Cavalry Corps First Division Brig. General John Buford First Brigade Col. Wm. Gamble Second Brigade Col. Thos. C. Devin Reserve Brigade Brig. Gen. Wesley MerrittJune 29 Engaged in picketing scouting and patrolling westerly . . . — Map (db m15210) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Gordon's BrigadeEarly's Division - Ewell's Corps — Army of Northern Virginia
C.S.A. Army of Northern Virginia Ewell's Corps Early's Division Gordon's Brigade 13th. 26th. 31st. 38th. 60th. 61st. Georgia Infantry July 2 After participating in the operations of July 1st at Barlow Knoll and elsewhere it took position in the . . . — Map (db m13513) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Lane's BrigadePender's Division - Hill's Corps — Army of Northern Virginia
C.S.A. Army of Northern Virginia Hill's Corps Pender's Division Lane's Brigade 7th. 18th. 28th. 33rd. 37th. North Carolina Infantry July 1 Crossed Willoughby Run about 3.30 and advanced on the right of the Division in the final and successful . . . — Map (db m11502) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Lieutenant General James LongstreetCommanding First Corps Army of Northern Virginia — January 8, 1821 - January 2, 1904
(Left Side Plaque): Lieutenant General James Longstreet Commanding First Corps Army of Northern Virginia January 8, 1821 - January 2, 1904 Born in Edgefield District, S.C. Graduated from West Point 1842. Served as Lieutenant with the 8th . . . — Map (db m11970) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Lt. Col. Henry C. Merwin
In memory of Lt. Col. Henry C. Merwin 27th C.V. who fell mortally wounded where the monument of his regiment stands. — Map (db m15764) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Major General Sickles
Major General Daniel Sickles Wounded July 2, 1863 — Map (db m17450) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — McLaws's DivisionFirst Army Corps — Army of Northern Virginia
C.S.A. Army of Northern Virginia First Army Corps McLaws's Division Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws Kershaw's Brigade Brig. Gen. J.B. Kershaw Barksdale's Brigade Brig. Gen. William Barksdale, Col. B.G. Humphreys Semmes's Brigade Brig. Gen. P.J. . . . — Map (db m12252) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Perry's BrigadeAnderson's Division - Hill's Corps — Army of Northern Virginia
Army of Northern Virginia Hill's Corps Anderson's Division Perry's Brigade 2nd. 5th. 8th. Florida Infantry July 2 Formed line in forenoon in the western border of these woods. Advanced at 6 p.m. and assisted in driving back the Union lines on . . . — Map (db m17318) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Reverend Father William Corby, C.S.C.Chaplain 88th Regiment New York Infantry
(Plaque at Statue Base)To the memory of Rev. Father William Corby, C.S.C. Chaplain 88th Regiment New York Infantry 2nd Brigade 1st Division 2nd Corps The Irish Brigade July 2nd 1863 (Side Marker Stone):Reverend William E. Corby, C.S.C. . . . — Map (db m15871) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Sacrifice of the 1st MinnesotaJuly 2, 1863 - Second Day
"Every man realized in an instant what that order meant - death or wounds to us all, the sacrifice of a regiment to gain a few minutes' time..." Lieut. William Lochren, U.S.A. 1st Minnesota Infantry Late on the afternoon of July 2, after the . . . — Map (db m15778) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Second Army CorpsArmy of Northern Virginia
Army of Northern Virginia Second Army Corps Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell Early's Division Major General Jubal A. Early Johnson's Division Major General Edward Johnson Rodes's Division Major General R.E. Rodes Artillery Reserve Eight . . . — Map (db m15378) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Seventeenth U.S. InfantrySecond Brigade - Second Division — Fifth Corps
Army of the Potomac Fifth Corps Second Division Second Brigade Seventeenth U.S. Infantry Seven Companies Lieut.-Colonel J. Durell Green commanding July 2 Arrived in the morning and took position with the Brigade on the right of the Twelfth . . . — Map (db m15585) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Sickles' Excelsior BrigadeE Pluribus Unum
(Top Banner Plaque):2nd. Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Corps. Col. W.R. Brewster, Commanding. Position, July 2, 1863, 3 to 6 p.m. July 3rd, supported left centre.(Unit Plaques at base) 70th New York Infantry (1st Excelsior)On the . . . — Map (db m13181) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Smith's New York Battery — July 2 1863 - Second Day
"For God's sake, men, don't let them take my guns away from me!" Capt. James E. Smith, U.S.A. Commander, 4th New York Battery On July 2, Capt. James E. Smith hauled four of the six cannon of his 4th New York Battery onto this craggy ridge, . . . — Map (db m13320) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Squires's Battery - Eshleman's BattalionArtillery Reserve - Longstreet's Corps — Army of Northern Virginia
Army of Northern Virginia Longstreet's Corps Artillery Reserve Eshleman's Battalion Squire's Battery One Napoleon July 3 Having but one gun it co-operated all day with Miller's Battery. Advanced before daylight into position about 100 yards . . . — Map (db m12170) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Texas
Texas remembers the valor and devotion of her sons who served at Gettysburg July 2-3, 1863 From near this spot the Texas Brigade at about 1:30 P.M. on July 2 crossed Emmitsburg Road and advanced with Hood's Division across Plum Run toward Little . . . — Map (db m5250) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Third DivisionSecond Corps — Army of the Potomac
Army of the Potomac Second Corps Third Division Brig. General Alexander HaysFirst Brigade Col. S.S. Carroll Second Brigade Col. Thos. A. Smyth, Lieut. Col. Francis E. Pierce Third Brigade Col. Geo. L. Willard, Col. Eliakim Sherrill, Lieut. Col. . . . — Map (db m14692) HM
Pennsylvania (Adams County), Gettysburg — Walker's BrigadeJohnson's Division - Ewell's Corps — Army of Northern Virginia
C.S.A. Army of Northern Virginia Ewell's Corps Johnson's Division Walker's Brigade 2nd. 4th. 5th. 27th. 33rd. Virginia Infantry July 1 Arrived about nightfall and took position east of Rock Creek near Hanover Road at border of woods on left of . . . — Map (db m13574) HM
Pennsylvania (Centre County), Boalsburg — Ordnance QF, 4.5-inch Howitzer Mark IIPennsylvania Military Museum
British commanders who has fought in the Boer War in South Africa, 1899 to 1903, were impressed with the success of the enemy's howitzers. After five years, the British army approved its own new howitzer. The 4.5-inch howitzers remained in service . . . — Map (db m20208) HM
Pennsylvania (Chester County), West Chester — First Defense LineAmerican Army
To mark the site of the first line of defense of the American Army at the Battle of the Brandywine 11 September 1777 — Map (db m41300) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Greencastle — Corporal William H. RihlCo. C, 1st N.Y. Cavalry
(Front):To the memory of Corporal William H. Rihl. Co. C. 1st N.Y. (Lincoln) Cavalry. Who was killed on this spot June 22, 1863 (Left):The First Union Soldier killed in action in Pennsylvania (Back):An humble but brave defender . . . — Map (db m11616) HM
Pennsylvania (Lackawanna County), Scranton — Illinois Central #790
This 2-8-0 Consolidation was built in 1903 by the American Locomotive Company and sold to the Illinois Central Railroad in 1904. For many years, this engine saw hard service on the Illinois Central, hauling freight trains through Tennessee. In . . . — Map (db m19897) HM
Pennsylvania (Lebanon County), Fort Indiantown Gap — UH-1 Iroquois"Huey" Helicopter
The UH-1 "Huey" helicopter is a multifaceted aircraft, capable of command and control, resupply, casualty evacuation, liaison and troop transport. The "Huey" is the most widely used military helicopter. The venerable aircraft began arriving in . . . — Map (db m12588) HM
Pennsylvania (Perry County), Duncannon — Pennsylvania Canal
This State-owned artificial water-way system, built 1826-1834, was designed to connect points like Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, and Erie in a vast inland trade. It embraced six chief canal divisions and two railroads. Here the Susquehanna, Juniata, and . . . — Map (db m19708) HM
Pennsylvania (Perry County), Marysville — Rockville Bridge
The longest stone masonry arch railroad bridge in the world, one mile to the south, was built 1900-02. With forty-eight arches, it has a length of 3,820 feet. This was the third bridge constructed here by the Pennsylvania Railroad. A wooden . . . — Map (db m19540) HM
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — The Liberation of Jane Johnson
In 1855, an enslaved woman and her two sons found freedom, aided by abolitionists William Still, Passmore Williamson, and other Undergroup Railroad activists. They escaped from their Southern owner while being transported through Philadelphia and . . . — Map (db m30686) HM
Pennsylvania (Tioga County), Blossburg — William B. Wilson
Homestead of William B. Wilson First U.S. Secretary of Labor 1913 - 1921 Member of House of Representatives 1906 - 1912 — Map (db m33176) HM
Pennsylvania (York County), Hanover — Abbottstown Street/Broadway
A Glimpse of Hanover's Past The chaotic fighting at the Center Square quickly spilled over onto several side streets, alleys, and fields. At the first sign of trouble, Major John Hammond led an organized withdrawal of the 5th New York Cavalry . . . — Map (db m8658) HM
South Carolina (Charleston County), Mount Pleasant — Shell Rings and Shell Middens
(Front): Shell rings and shell middens found along the SC coast were made by Native Americans 3000-4000 years ago. Several have been discovered in the East Cooper area. The rings, composed largely of shell, animal bone and pottery were . . . — Map (db m35927) HM
South Carolina (Charleston County), Sullivans Island — 10-Inch Parrott (300 pounder)
The largest of the Parrott series of guns, this rifle was part of Fort Moultrie's post Civil War armament. Heavy caliber Parrotts stood side by side with large Columbiads in the seacoast forts until replaced by breechloaders near the turn of the . . . — Map (db m32033) HM
South Carolina (Charleston County), Sullivans Island — Grave of General William Moultrie
Down the walk on your left is the grave of General William Moultrie, a citizen of Charleston, who on June 28, 1776 led American troops in the defense of the city. From the walls of the unfinished palmetto log fort on Sullivan's Island he won a . . . — Map (db m31915) HM
Tennessee (Hardin County), Shiloh — 1st Ohio InfantryRousseau's Brigade - McCook's Division — Army of the Ohio
(Front):Ohio 1st Infantry commanded by Col. B.F. Smith Rousseau's (4th) Brigade McCook's (2d) Division Army of the Ohio (Back): This Regiment was engaged here about 10 a.m., April 7, 1862. Its loss was 2 men killed, 2 officers and 45 . . . — Map (db m43247) HM
Tennessee (Hardin County), Shiloh — 7th Iowa Infantry RegimentTuttle's Brigade - W.H.L. Wallace's Division — Army of the Tennessee
(Front):Iowa to her 7th Infantry, Tuttle's (1st) Brigade, W.H.L. Wallace's (2d) Division, Army of the Tennessee. (Back):Iowa 7th Regiment Infantry Volunteers commanded by by Lt. Col. J.C. Parrott On the morning of April 6, 1862, the . . . — Map (db m22816) HM
Tennessee (Hardin County), Shiloh — Field Hospital
After the Battle of Shiloh, Federal soldiers buried the dead, and medical officers faced the enormous task of caring for the 16,400 wounded. Many were crowded onto steamboats for transport to Northern cities, while others were taken to nearby homes. . . . — Map (db m22548) HM
Tennessee (Hardin County), Shiloh — General Albert Sidney Johnston
C. S. General Albert Sidney Johnston Commanding the Confederate Army, Was mortally wounded at 2.30 P.M.,April 6, 1862, Died in ravine, 50 yards south-east, at 2:45 P.M. — Map (db m6961) HM
Tennessee (Lauderdale County), Henning — 4E 71 — Alex Haley's Boyhood Home
Will Palmer, a prominent Henning businessman, built this house in 1918-19, Palmer's grandson Alex Haley lived here from 1921 to 1929 and later spent many summers with his grand-parents. It was on the porch that he heard the stories told by his . . . — Map (db m35691) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Battle at Stones RiverDecember 31, 1862 - January 2, 1863
Stones River National Battlefield preserves some key portions of the ground where two great armies of Americans - some 81,000 men - clashed with each other. Their bitter, three-day struggle erupted on New Year's Eve 1862. To explore their stories, . . . — Map (db m37606) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — McFadden's Ford
As Union soldiers crouched here behind the breastworks of stone and rail, a battered advance division retreated back across the river, pursued by General John C. Breckinridge's hard-driving Confederate brigades. Union artillery batteries firing from . . . — Map (db m37706) HM
Tennessee (Stewart County), Dover — 6-pounder Gun
The 6-pounder was the prime artillery piece of the Mexican War and the smallest regulation gun of the Civil War. The Confederacy and the Union armies in the west used it extensively, but it was replaced in the Union armies in the east by the . . . — Map (db m82869) HM
Tennessee (Stewart County), Dover — The Upper Water Battery
C.S.A. The Upper Water Battery Captain Reuben R. Ross CommanderLocated on this position, this battery mounted one 6 1-2-inch rifled gun and two 32-pounder Carronades. The guns were manned by a detachment of Ross’ Battery of Maury Artillery which . . . — Map (db m21344) HM
Tennessee (Stewart County), Dover — Union Camp
The weather was bitterly cold and, as the soldiers of General Smith's division lay tentless and fireless along this ridgeline the night of February 15, 1862, an icy wind made sleep impossible. They occupied trenches that only that morning formed the . . . — Map (db m38406) HM
Virginia, Alexandria — AlexandriaAlexandria in the Civil War
“Alexandria is ours,” declared Col. Orlando Wilcox of the 1st Michigan Vol. Inf. as his regiment captured the city on the morning of May 24, 1861. When Virginia's vote of secession became effective, Union forces immediately crossed the . . . — Map (db m159) HM
Virginia (Arlington County), Arlington — 7 — Fort Ethan Allen
Historical Site Defenses of Washington 1861-1865 Fort Ethan Allen This embankment was the south face of Fort Ethan Allen, a bastioned earthwork built in September 1861 to command all the approaches to Chain Bridge south of Pimmit Run. The fort . . . — Map (db m2317) HM
Virginia (Buckingham County), Dillwyn — F-62 — Buckingham Training School
One mile southeast stood Buckingham Training School, the first high school in the county for African American students. In 1919 the Rev. Stephen J. Ellis organized the County-Wide League for School Improvement to persuade the Buckingham County . . . — Map (db m29157) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — J-30 — Battle of Berryville
As it maneuvered against Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early’s Army of the Valley, Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s U.S. Army of the Shenandoah marched south from Halltown, reaching Berryville on 3 Sept. 1864. Finding part of Brig. Gen. George Crook’s corps . . . — Map (db m1781) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — Battle of Berryville
Battle of Berryville Sept. 3, 1864 Early & Sheridan —— — Map (db m88503) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — Battle of Cool SpringUnion Advance and Confederate Counterattack — Early's 1864 Attack on Washington
(Preface): In June 1864, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee sent Gen. Jubal A. Early's corps from the Richmond battlefields to the Shenandoah Valley to counter Union Gen. David Hunter's army. After driving Hunter into West Virginia, Early invaded . . . — Map (db m76628) HM
Virginia (Clarke County), Berryville — J 1a — Buck Marsh Baptist Church
Organized near this spot by Wm. and Daniel Fristoe in 1772. Constituted by elders John Marks and John Garrard, the later serving as its pastor. James Ireland served as pastor from 1778–1806 and is buried here. — Map (db m1831) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — Battle of Brandy StationThe largest cavalry action of the war
Following his stunning victory at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee formulated a plan to invade the North. In preparation for his army's secret withdrawal from Fredericksburg, Lee ordered his cavalry into Culpeper County . . . — Map (db m91461) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Brandy Station — The Battle of Brandy StationThe Struggle for Fleetwood Hill
After Col. Wyndham's assaults, Col. Judson Kilpatrick's Federal brigade crossed the Orange and Alexandria Railroad and stormed Fleetwood Hill from the southeast. The fight for Fleetwood Hill - a classic cavalry battle fought on horseback - became a . . . — Map (db m4421) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Fort Belvoir — Belvoir
When William Fairfax came to Virginia, he brought many strong English traditions with him. The manor and grounds of Belvoir were laid out similarly to English estates. The brick, Georgian manor was the most sought after and fashionable . . . — Map (db m35073) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Vienna — First Court House of Fairfax County
From this spot N. 20° W. 220 ft. stood the First Court House of Fairfax County Built in 1742 abandoned because Indian hostilities about 1752 — Map (db m20276) HM
Virginia, Falls Church — Wren’s Tavern
Famous ordinary believed to be part of Federal-style mansion built on 145 acres bought for $291 in 1787 by James Wren (part of 1742 208-acre G. Harrison grant). Lying north of Alexandria-Leesburg Rolling Road, tavern operated 1789-1815 under James . . . — Map (db m2842) HM
Virginia (Fauquier County), Marshall — FF-7 — Mosby’s Rangers Disband
Unable to extend a truce with the Union army, Col. John S. Mosby assembled his command, the 43rd Battalion Virginia Cavalry, in a field just west of here on 21 Apr. 1865. As Mosby sat astride his horse, his final order was read aloud. It stated in . . . — Map (db m1174) HM
Virginia (Fauquier County), Remington — Kelly’s FordCavalry and Coffee
Pickets of the opposing armies frequently exchanged gunfire over the Rappahannock River and occasionally swapped Yankee coffee for Rebel tobacco. On St. Patrick’s Day, 1863, they did both here at Kelly’s Ford, about 100 yards downstream from the . . . — Map (db m108466) HM
Virginia (Fauquier County), Warrenton — C-58 — Second Manassas CampaignStuart's Catlett Station Raid
On 22 Aug. 1862, Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart led his cavalry on a raid behind Maj. Gen. John Pope's army. Stuart crossed the Rappahannock River at Waterloo Bridge, two miles west, then rode around Pope's right flank just north of here to attack Catlett . . . — Map (db m7747) HM
Virginia (Fluvanna County), Dixie — Fluvanna County World War Memorial
In honor of the men and women of Fluvanna County who served in World Wars I and II — Map (db m31354) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Middletown — A-14 — End Of Sheridan’s Ride
This knoll marks the position of the Union Army when Sheridan rejoined it at 10:30 A.M., October 19, 1864, in the Battle of Cedar Creek. His arrival, with Wright's efforts, checked the Union retreat. — Map (db m577) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — First Battle of Kernstown
Was fought here Sunday, March 23, 1862 Confederates under Gen. T.J. “Stonewall” Jackson attacked Federals under Gen. James Shields. The fighting was chiefly west of the road and continued from early afternoon until nightfall. When . . . — Map (db m2635) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — How To See the Battlefield
On March 23, 1862, the opening conflict of the famous Valley Campaign began on the adjoining Glass and Pritchard farms. You are visiting the Glass Farm called Rose Hill. The neighboring Pritchard Farm is 1½ miles to the southeast (right) of . . . — Map (db m3496) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Q 4d — Lord Fairfax
Thomas Fairfax (1693-1781), sixth Baron Fairfax of Cameron, was the proprietor of the Northern Neck Proprietary, a vast landholding that lay between the Rappahannock and the Potomac Rivers, and extended to the Blue Ridge. Born in England, he came to . . . — Map (db m2299) HM
Virginia, Fredericksburg — Andrew Atkinson Humphreys
(Front): Erected by Pennsylvania to commemorate the charge of General Humphreys' Division Fifth Corps· On Marye's Heights Fredericksburg Virginia December·13·1862 134th 129th 126th 91st 131st 133rd 123rd 155th Penna · Vol · Inf Brigadier . . . — Map (db m8751) HM
Virginia, Fredericksburg — Lee's Headquarters — The Battle of Fredericksburg
The hill in front of you, once called Telegraph Hill but now known as Lee's Hill, served as General Robert E. Lee's headquarters during the Battle of Fredericksburg. Throughout the afternoon of December 13, 1862, Lee and his generals watched . . . — Map (db m8858) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Ball’s Bluff National Cemetery
The twenty-five graves here in one of America’s smallest national cemeteries contain the partial remains of 54 Union soldiers killed at the Battle of Ball’s Bluff, October 21, 1861. All are unidentified except Pvt. James Allen of Northbridge, . . . — Map (db m2235) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Battlefield Historic Restoration Project
In 2004, Ball's Bluff Battlefield Regional Park began a restoration project on the battlefield where you stand today. The objective of the effort is to return about 12 acres of the battlefield to its approximate appearance in 1861. First hand . . . — Map (db m19329) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Douglass High School
has been registered as a Virginia Historic Landmark by the Virginia Department of Conservation and Historic Resources Throughout much of Virginia in the early 1900s, black parents were pressing the then system of racial segregation for improved . . . — Map (db m5100) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — F-7 — Goose Creek Chapel
A short distance West is the site of the “Chapel Above Goose Creek”, built by the vestry of Truro Parish in 1736. Augustine Washington, father of George Washington, was a member of the vestry at the time. This was the first church on the . . . — Map (db m1213) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Leesburg — Union Artillery
The Federals crossed three pieces of artillery to Ball’s Bluff. Two mountain howitzers from the 2nd New York State Militia, detached under Lt. Frank French of Battery I, 1st U.S. Artillery, occupied this area for much of the afternoon. A 12-pdr . . . — Map (db m2224) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Lovettsville — G-3 — St. James United Church of Christ
Formerly St. James Evangelical and Reformed Church, this is the oldest active congregation of the German Reformed tradition in Virginia. Lovettsville, a German settlement, was founded by settlers of the Reformed faith in 1733. Early records indicate . . . — Map (db m1792) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Lucketts — F-27 — Catoctin Rural Historic District
The surrounding area of about 25,000 acres has been a cohesive agricultural community since the mid-1700s, when it was settled largely by former Tidewater Virginia planters attracted by its streams and fertile soils. Bordered by Catoctin Mountain . . . — Map (db m988) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Paeonian Springs — Paeonian Springs Station
In its heyday, Paeonian Springs attracted folks such as those men gathered for a raccoon hunt sponsored by The Washington Post in October 1912. The station shown at right stood where the three-sided shelter stands today. Two things happened . . . — Map (db m2903) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Sterling — The Vestal's Gap Road
This sector of the road, through Claude Moore Park, closely resembles the road as it appeared in this area's early history. This great road ran from the port city of Alexandria, Virginia through Vestal's Gap of the Blue Ridge Mountains. It began as . . . — Map (db m20033) HM
Virginia, Manassas Park — Conner HouseHeadquarters and Refuge
Built of locally quarried sandstone about 1820 and later expanded, the Conner House was used during the Civil War by the Confederacy and then by the United States. After the First Battle of Manassas on July 21, 1861, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, who . . . — Map (db m738) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — JJ-20 — Battle of the Wilderness
Ewell's Corps, the left wing of Lee's Army, moving down this road from Orange, came into conflict near here with Warren's Corps of Grant's Army, May 5, 1864. The fight moved to and fro until Ewell finally drove Warren back and entrenched here. Late . . . — Map (db m5450) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — Confederate Camp & Freedman's Farm Trail
After Dolley Madison sold Montpelier in 1844, the estate witnessed many important historic events, few more significant than those of the 1860s. Throughout the winter of 1863 and 1864, as many as 4,500 Confederate troops camped here, part of a . . . — Map (db m31715) HM
Virginia (Page County), Luray — Confederate Heroes Monument
(Left Side):Would it not be a blame for us if their memories part from our land & heart and a wrong to them & a shame for us the glories they won shall not wane for us in legend & lay our heroes in gray shall forever live over again for us. . . . — Map (db m16457) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — 2nd Rhode Island Infantry — First Battle of Manassas
July 21, 1861 11:00 a.m. 2nd Brigade (Burnside) Army of Northeastern Virginia, USA 2nd Rhode Island Infantry Col. John S. Slocum "The 2nd was hotly engaged and made so gallant a fight as to push the enemy off the plateau and partly down . . . — Map (db m9737) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — 4th Alabama Infantry — First Battle of Manassas
July 21, 1861 11:00 a.m. 3rd Brigade (Bee) Army of the Shenandoah (Johnson), CSA 4th Alabama Infantry Col. Egbert J. Jones "Our regiment had scarcely emerged from the timber before a murderous fire was opened on us by the Yankees. Our . . . — Map (db m9730) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Federal Artillery Position — Second Battle of Manassas
August 29 & 30, 1862 Federal Artillery Position A succession of Union artillery batteries occupied this ridge throughout August 29 and 30, 1862. August 29 Company I, 1st Ohio Light Artillery Capt. Hubert Dilger (9-11 a.m.) 2nd Battery, New . . . — Map (db m9855) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — C-44 — First Battle of Manassas
On the Matthews Hill, just to the north, the Confederates repulsed the attack of the Unionists, coming from the north, in the forenoon of July 21, 1861. The Union forces, reinforced, drove the Confederates to the Henry Hill, just to the south. There . . . — Map (db m602) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Kemper's Brigade — Second Battle of Manassas
August 30, 1862 5:30 p.m. Kemper's Division, Right Wing (Longstreet) Army of Northern Virginia, CSA Kemper's Brigade Col. Montgomery D. Corse 1st Virginia - 11th Virginia 7th Virginia - 17th Virginia 24th Virginia "Above us, on a gentle . . . — Map (db m9794) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Point-Blank VolleyAn Officer’s Error? — First Battle of Manassas
In clear view of artillerymen here, Confederates lined up at the fence and trees across the open field. The two cannon and supporting infantry could have stopped the Rebels cold, yet the four hundred charging Virginians were able to fire a musket . . . — Map (db m881) HM
Virginia (Prince William County), Manassas — Second Battle of ManassasAugust 28-30, 1862
(1) Route of Jackson's Turning Movement Lee dispatched Stonewall Jackson on a daring raid to cut Pope's communications before Pope could receive massive reinforcements. Marching nearly 25 miles a day, Jackson burned the supply depot at Manassas, . . . — Map (db m17475) HM
Virginia (Scott County), Speers Ferry — Natural Tunnel: Railroading and Recreation
As early as 1852, railroaders, local merchants, and mineral speculators knew Natural Tunnel would be the most economical rail route to the coal fields of Lee County and the western part of present day Wise County, because the Tunnel would let them . . . — Map (db m36109) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Fishers Hill — Valley PikeTumbling Run Near Fisher's Hill
1864 Valley Campaign Here on Tumbling Run are the remains of the "Old Pike" stone bridge. The Valley Turnpike Company was chartered in 1838 as a joint-stock corporation. The turnpike followed the route of the Great Wagon Road from Philadelphia . . . — Map (db m4171) HM
Virginia (Shenandoah County), Strasburg — A-19 — Trenches On Hupp’s Hill
These trenches were constructed by Sheridan in the autumn of 1864 while campaigning against Early. — Map (db m645) HM
Virginia (Smyth County), Marion — K-328 — Col. Arthur Campbell
Arthur Campbell, a military and political leader, was born in Augusta County in 1743. In 1758 during the Seven Years' War (1756-1763), Campbell was captured by the Wyandot Indians aligned with the French and held captive for two years before . . . — Map (db m36077) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellor — First Day at ChancellorsvilleDifficult Country
"We were in a perfect jungle of rank vines and undergrowth." - Col. A. J. McBride, 10th Georgia Infantry, CSA Few Civil War sites evoke such indelible, mental images as the Wilderness. Densely forested and dark, fighting in the Wilderness of . . . — Map (db m11427) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellorsville — Chancellorsville Campaign
May 2-3, 1863. Units of Slocum's Federal XII Corps held this line. Its left extended a little beyond the Orange Plank Road (reader's left) where it connected with the right of Couch's II Corps. A mile to the southeast the Orange Plank Road . . . — Map (db m3646) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellorsville — Civil War Earthworks
Federal soldiers of the 12th Corps built these earthworks on May 1, 1863. "Stonewall" Jackson's flank attack the following day placed them in Confederate hands. At about 6:00 a.m. on May 3, North Carolinians under William Dorsey Pender and Georgians . . . — Map (db m5457) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellorsville — Collis Zouaves
Erected to mark the line of battle of the 114th Reg't. Pennsylvania Vol's. on the memorable 3rd day of May 1863, where it lost 3 officers and 35 enlisted men killed List of Killed Major Joseph S. Chandler Captain Frank Eliot, Co. F. Lieu't. . . . — Map (db m3639) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellorsville — Confederate Catastrophe
Near this spot around 9:15 p.m. on the night of May 2, 1863, the Confederate cause suffered disaster. As "Stonewall" Jackson and his party returned from their reconnaissance down the Mountain Road, Confederate musketry erupted south of the Plank . . . — Map (db m3978) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellorsville — Jackson on the Move
About 10 a.m. on May 2, 1863, Confederate General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's flanking column approached this then-cleared ridge on the Furnace Road. Union infantrymen perched in trees at Hazel Grove, three-quarters of a mile to the northwest, . . . — Map (db m3585) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellorsville — Stone's Reconnaissance
Union soldiers on the front line probably utilized these rifle pits on May 3-5. Trenches on the other side of the creek possibly served Confederate skirmishers. While the fighting raged near Salem Church, Union Maj. Gen. John F. Reynolds believed . . . — Map (db m12856) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Chancellorsville — The Chancellor Slaves
Their names are unrecorded, their labors are rarely noted. No images of them survive. But slaves outnumbered Chancellor family members when Frances Chancellor moved into this house in 1861. Likely only a few of the 20 slaves owned by the Chancellors . . . — Map (db m5618) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — A Different Kind of WarSpotsylvania Exhibit Shelter — South Wall
A Different Kind of War With the 1864 Overland Campaign, the war in Virginia changed. The old pattern of fight, retreat, and rest yielded to Ulysses S. Grant's relentless maneuvering and fighting. Attacked in superior force by an incessant foe, . . . — Map (db m10716) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Lee to the rear!
Lee to the rear! cried the Texans. May 6, 1864 — Map (db m6029) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Maryland
(Front):To the memory of Her Sons who fell on Virginia's Soil (Left Side):Unheralded Unorganizaed Unarmed They came for conscience sake and died for right (Back):Alike in blood. Alike in faith. They sleep alike the last . . . — Map (db m26849) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Mississippi
In a tangle of willows without light The singular screech-owl's tight Invisible lyric seeds the mind With the furious murmur of their chivalry Ode to the Confederate Dead By Allen Tate Jos. Richards - Sergt. J.F. Forbes - C. Griffin . . . — Map (db m81315) HM
Virginia, Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester
(The Battle of the Opequon) September 19, 1864 The decisive assault in the campaign set in motion by General Grant to free the Shenandoah Valley from the control of the Confederacy took place here. This high ground was part of Winchester’s . . . — Map (db m2660) HM
West Virginia (Barbour County), Philippi — Birthplace - W.D. Zinn
One mile east is Woodbine Farm, birthplace of W.D. Zinn, noted farmer, writer and lecturer. He contributed much to scientific farming in this and adjoining states. "The Story of Woodbine Farm" is an autobiography of his work. — Map (db m33776) HM
West Virginia (Hampshire County), Mechanicsburg — Abandonment of Fort Mill Ridge
The Union troops at Fort Mill Ridge continued their duties until June 14, 1863. Then, in response to Lee's invasion of Pennsylvania, Campbell's command was ordered to concentrate with the rest of their division at New Creek (Keyser). Confederate . . . — Map (db m25438) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — No. 2 — Capture of Harpers FerryNo. 2
September 15, 1862 No. 2 Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Jackson, with his own Division and those of Maj. Gen. A. P. Hill and R. S. Ewell, left Frederick on the morning of September 10 and passing through Middletown and Boonsboro crossed the Potomac at . . . — Map (db m2728) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — 6 — Home of Joseph PerkinsArmory Superintendent — Meriwether Lewis at Harpers Ferry
Armory Superintendent Joseph Perkins lived in a converted warehouse on this spot from 1801-1806. The day Lewis arrived, March 16, 1803, he hand-delivered a letter from the Secretary of War directing Perkins to provide "arms & iron work... with the . . . — Map (db m18804) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Mere Machines of Labor
Work in the Smith and Forging Shop that stood here was dirty, smoky, noisy, and dangerous. Worse still, in the early 1800s armorers changed from skilled craftsmen - creating unique handcrafted weapons - into wage laborers tending machines for less . . . — Map (db m23491) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Prize of War
Harpers Ferry was much sought by North and South, 1861-1865. Its garrison of 12,000 Union troops was captured by an army of Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson, Sept. 15, 1862, on way to join Lee at Antietam. The Catholic Church was used as Federal hospital. — Map (db m2935) HM
West Virginia (Pocahontas County), Bartow — West Virginia / Virginia
(West Virginia Side):West Virginia (Pocahontas County)"The Mountain State" ~ western part of the Commonwealth of Virginia until June 20, 1863. Settled by the Germans and Scotch-Irish. It became a line of defense between the English and . . . — Map (db m32908) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Rowlesburg — The 1841 Mountain Howitzer
The 1841 Mountain Howitzer, thought to be the type used in Rowlesburg during the Civil War A howitzer (as illustrated above by Peter W. Gaut) is a short-barreled, large-caliber cannon designed to throw shells at a higher trajectory than regular . . . — Map (db m34037) HM
West Virginia (Randolph County), Beverly — Jonathan Arnold House
Laura Jackson Arnold, sister of Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, lived here at the time of the Civil War with her husband Jonathan and three children, Thomas, Anna, and Stark. Jonathan, a wealthy landowner, purchased this ca 1820 brick house in 1845. . . . — Map (db m23359) HM
West Virginia (Randolph County), Beverly — The Hart HouseRich Mountain Battlefield
Here stood the Hart House, surrounded by fierce fighting during the Battle of Rich Mountain. Joseph Hart, grandson of a signer of the Declaration of Independence, was an avid Union supporter who fled with his family when Confederates seized the . . . — Map (db m23584) HM

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