West Chester in Chester County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Battle of Brandywine
September 11, 1777
The American Right Flank Slows the British Advance
General Adam Stephen’s 3rd and 4th Virginia Regiments situated on the far right end of the American line on the crest of the present day Sandy Hollow Heritage Park held their positions until overwhelmed by superior British and Jaeger forces.
Their actions allowed Sullivan’s and Stirling’s forces to escape back down Birmingham Road and through Dilworthtown.
At the end of the battle, a British Lt. summarized the fight “The Americans defended their guns to the last, indeed, several officers were cut down at their guns. The Americans have never fought so well before, and they fought to great advantage.”
The damage delivered to Cornwallis’ troops was so devastating and complete that Gen. Howe wrote in his journal that he believed 10,000 Americans held the hill.
The Americans’ Last Stand
6:30 – 7 PM: As Lord Cornwallis’ attack from the north forced the Continentals to retreat, it also threatened to block the road to Chester, the escape route.
General Greene, General Weedon and North Carolina troops under Brigadier
They were joined in this effort by Casirmir Pulaski, a Polish nobleman with military experience and a volunteer officer at the Battle of Brandywine. He asked General Washington to allow him to lead the thirty horsemen, who formed the General’s escort.
Pulaski directed the horsemen to strike the flank of British soldiers in the lead of the advance and then withdraw, before the British realized that they were a small cavalry unit that could be easily overwhelmed. The unexpected attack helped to break the British advance, preventing pursuit of the retreating Continentals.
Location. 39° 54.211′ N, 75° 34.742′ W. Marker is in West Chester, Pennsylvania, in Chester County. Marker can be reached from S. New Street, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is located in Sandy Hollow Heritage Park. Marker is in this post office area: West Chester PA 19382, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Sandy Hollow (here, next to this marker); Brandywine Battlefield A Commonwealth Treasure (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); William Darlington Birthplace Dilworthtown (approx. 0.7 miles away); Birmingham Hill (approx. ¾ mile away); In Memory of Those Who Fell (approx. 0.8 miles away); First Defense Line (approx. 0.8 miles away); The Peace Garden at Birmingham (approx. 0.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in West Chester.
More about this marker. Several pictures appear on the marker that were taken at the 2014 Birmingham Township Reenactment.
Categories. • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page was last revised on September 16, 2017. This page originally submitted on September 16, 2017, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 134 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 16, 2017, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.