Near Raceland in Greenup County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
Caroline Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Caroline Furnace. Stood 1½ mi. south. Built 1833 by Henry, Blake & Co. Stone stack was 35 ft. high, with a maximum inner diameter of 10 ft.; burned charcoal. Air blast powered by steam. In 1838, produced 750 tons of iron, consuming 2062 tons of ore, 225,000 bushels of charcoal. Made 1200 tons of iron, 1857. Furnace operated until 1890.
Iron Made in Kentucky. A major producer since 1791, Kentucky ranked 3rd is U.S. in 1830s, 11th in 1965. Charcoal timber, native ore, limestone supplied material for numerous furnaces making pig iron, utensils, munitions in the Hanging Rock, Red River, Between Rivers, Rolling Fork, and Green River Regions. Old charcoal furnace era ended by depletion of ore and timber and the growth of railroads.
Erected 1968 by Kentucky Historical Society, Kentucky Department of Highways, and Armco Steel Corp. (Marker Number 1132.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Appalachian Iron Furnaces, and the Kentucky Historical Society marker series.
Location. 38° 32.501′ N, 82° Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Russell KY 41169, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Race Track (within shouting distance of this marker); Camp Swigert (approx. 1.9 miles away); Steam Furnace / Iron made in Kentucky (approx. 2.1 miles away); McConnell House Complex (approx. 2.4 miles away); John M. McConnell House (approx. 2.4 miles away); City of Ironton (approx. 3.2 miles away in Ohio); John Campbell Memorial Home (approx. 3.4 miles away in Ohio); Unger's Shoes (approx. 3.4 miles away in Ohio).
Also see . . . Iron Furnaces of Kentucky. “Kentucky’s historic iron furnaces produced raw material for the manufacture of basic household goods like kettles, construction supplies like nails and hand tools, and industrial parts like train wheels. But the Kentucky iron industry is also renowned for supplying munitions used in the War of 1812, which repulsed the British Empire once and for all.” (Submitted on November 16, 2018.)
Categories. • Industry & Commerce • Natural Resources •
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Credits. This page was last revised on November 16, 2018. This page originally submitted on November 16, 2018, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 48 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on November 16, 2018, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.