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New York in New York County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Lost New York Gem

German Winter Garden/Windsor Theatre

 

—43-47 Bowery —

 
Lost New York Gem Marker image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, July 25, 2016
1. Lost New York Gem Marker
Inscription.  
On this site in the mid-1800s, stood the German Winter Garden (aka Volks Garden), a forgotten treasure of mid-19th century New York’s Kleindeutschland, then the third most dense concentration of Germans in the world. Known for its music and family-friendly ambiance, it was one of several stately German theatres, banks and beer gardens on the Bowery, Little Germany’s cultural hub. built circa 1855, the Winter Garden’s glass-encased dome was one of the first to use cast-iron rib framing.

In 1864, the structure was replaced by the 3,500 seat New Stadt Theatre, which became the Windsor Theatre in 1878. Billed as the “Largest Theatre in America”, it alternated over the years between German drama, classical music and opera. Yiddish theatre, and plays by Shakespeare and Ireland’s Dion Boucicault. Appearing there were “Buffalo Bill” Cody, Italian actor Antonio Maiori, Jacob Adler as the Jewish King Lear, magic legend Herrmann the Great and matinee idol James O’Neill (Eugene’s father) in The Count of Monte Cristo. Decades before Broadway became integrated, one could also have seen Callender’s Minstrels,
Lost New York Gem marker site image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, November 3, 2018
2. Lost New York Gem marker site
This marker is the one at center screen.
an African American minstrel troupe, featuring America’s first widely popular Black comedian, Billy Nersands.

In 1910, the Windsor was torn down to make way for the Manhattan Bridge Plaza.
-David Mulkins, Historian/Educator

 
Erected 2016 by Bowery Alliance of Neighbors.
 
Location. 40° 42.931′ N, 73° 59.78′ W. Marker is in New York, New York, in New York County. Marker is on Bowery near Manhattan Bridge entrance ramp, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: New York NY 10013, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Bowery Boys (within shouting distance of this marker); The Bowery Theatre (within shouting distance of this marker); George Washington Drank Here! (within shouting distance of this marker); High and Low Art (within shouting distance of this marker); Stephen Foster (within shouting distance of this marker); Renaissance-Inspired Bank for the Working Class (within shouting distance of this marker); Black Horse Inn (within shouting distance of this marker); Windows On The Bowery (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New York.
 
Regarding Lost New York Gem. One of more than sixty entries in the “Windows on the Bowery” series.
Inset image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, July 25, 2016
3. Inset
"An architectural casualty highlighted in Nathan Silver’s Lost New York, the German Winter Garden was located at 45 Bowery. Painting by Fritz Meyer, 1856."

 
Categories. ArchitectureEntertainment
 
Inset image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, July 25, 2016
4. Inset
Windsor Theatre
Manhattan Bridge Plaza image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, 2008
5. Manhattan Bridge Plaza
Site of the Windsor Theatre
 
More. Search the internet for Lost New York Gem.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 17, 2019. This page originally submitted on December 4, 2018, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. This page has been viewed 73 times since then and 27 times this year. Last updated on April 17, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on December 4, 2018, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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