Duluth in Saint Louis County, Minnesota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
Glensheen, A Family Legacy
Campus Heritage Marker
University of Minnesota Duluth
Glensheen, A Family Legacy
Glensheen estate was built between 1905 and 1908 for attorney Chester Adgate Congdon, his wife Clara Bannister Congdon and their children. The original 22 acre-plot featured rugged terrain with a stream that cut through dense woods to an underdeveloped, yet gently sloping shoreline. The Congdons recognized the promising beauty of the Lake Superior property, and measurements for a formal estate began as early as 1903.
Chester Congdon met Clara Bannister at Syracuse University where they were both members of the first graduating class. After a seven-year engagement, Chester, who was practicing law in St. Paul, Minnesota, married Clara and they established a family which would eventually grow to include four boys and three girls.
Chester moved the family to Duluth at a time when mining turned men into millionaires. Through astute observation during his tenure as a lawyer to Henry Oliver, Chester learned the mining business, and made his fortune through land speculation and mining in northern Minnesota and Arizona. He also owned apple orchards
Today, Glensheen closely resembles the way it looked when the Congdon family moved in on November 24, 1908. The majority of the furnishings are original to the time the estate was first occupied, and in 1991, the home was placed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Designed by noted Minnesota architect Clarence Johnston, the 39-room mansion suggests a 17th-century English country estate. Surrounded by formal gardens, the manor house is located near the center of the property and features the distinctive windows, gables, doorways and chimneys associated with Jacobean Revival architecture.
The estate included a carriage house, a bowling green, a boat house, a clay tennis court and a gardener's cottage. The estate produced its own fruits, vegetables and dairy products, and milk cows once grazed where visitors now park their cars. Dismantled in 1971, a series of four greenhouses once lined the east drive.
In 1969, Glensheen was given to the University of Minnesota Duluth by the heirs of Chester and Clara Congdon. The goal was to preserve Glensheen and use it for "public pursuits which might not otherwise be available because of growing pressure to budget demands upon public and educational institutions."
On July 28, 1979, the estate opened to the public as a museum. Since then, millions
Location. 46° 48.949′ N, 92° 3.001′ W. Marker is in Duluth, Minnesota, in Saint Louis County. Marker can be reached from North Shore Scenic Drive/London Road (State Highway 61) 0.2 miles north of South 32nd Avenue East, on the right when traveling north. Marker is near the parking lot of Glensheen (admission charged beyond this marker). Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 3300 London Road, Duluth MN 55804, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Boat House and Pier (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Minnesota's Oldest Concrete Pavement (approx. 1.2 miles away); The History of the Duluth Rose Garden (approx. 1.9 miles away); Leif Erikson (approx. 2 miles away); Jay Cooke (approx. 2.3 miles away); The Skyline Parkway (approx. 2.6 miles away); Clayton Jackson McGhie Memorial (approx. 2.9 miles away); Trotman Folding Stock Anchor (approx. 3.1 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Duluth.
Also see . . . Glensheen. (Submitted on March 25, 2008.)
Categories. 20th Century • Notable Buildings • Notable Persons •
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Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. This page originally submitted on March 25, 2008, by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 7,608 times since then and 31 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on March 25, 2008, by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. 4. submitted on June 28, 2011, by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.