Jackson in Hinds County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
Summers Hotel & Subway Lounge
During the segregated 1940s, ’50s, and ’60s, the two main Jackson hotels open to African Americans were the Edward Lee Hotel on Church Street and the Summers Hotel. The Summers Hotel, originally the Maples, a rooming house for whites, stood here at 619 W. Pearl Street. The building was remodeled and renamed the Summers Hotel in 1943 after its purchase by W. J. Summers (1897-1977), a prominent African American businessman, who ran the hotel with his wife Elma. The hotel was popular among touring musicians, including James Brown, Hank Ballard, and Nat "King" Cole.
In 1966 Summers enlisted Jimmy King—vocalist, bandleader, and high school teacher—to run a newly constructed basement lounge, which King dubbed the Subway. In the ’60s and ’70s the Subway Lounge featured mostly jazz performers, including King, brothers Kermit, Jr., Sherrill, and Bernard Holly, and organist Levon Mitchell, as
In 1969 King left the Subway to start his own club but returned in 1986, when he and his wife Helen revived it as a late-night blues venue, with music starting at midnight. Guitarist Jesse Robinson led the initial house band, the Knee Deep Band, which was followed by the House Rockers, fronted by singers Levon Lindsey and Abdul Rasheed, and the King Edward (Antoine) Blues Band. Knee Deep Band vocalist Walter Lee "Big Daddy" Hood was billed as "500 Pounds of Blues." Other Jackson artists who performed at the Subway included Eddie Cotton, Jr., Bobby Rush, Patrice Moncell, Eddie Rasberry, Sam Myers, J. T. Watkins, Pat Brown, Dennis Fountain, Dwight Ross, Greg "Fingers" Taylor, Thomas "Snake" Johnson, Vasti Jackson, Bill Sampson, and the Juvenators.
In April 2002 director Robert Mugge filmed performances at the Subway Lounge for the documentary Last of the Mississippi Jukes, which was released in early 2003. The documentary addressed the Subway’s history and its diverse clientele, as well as efforts to save the club despite the building’s serious structural problems. The efforts failed, and the Subway closed following a final performance in April 2003. The building was demolished in 2004.
Erected 2007 by the Mississippi Blues Commission. (Marker Number 12.)
Marker series. Mississippi Blues Trail marker series.
Location. 32° 17.995′ N, 90° 11.797′ W. Marker is in Jackson, Mississippi, in Hinds County. Marker is on West Pearl Street, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Jackson MS 39203, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. St. Mark's Episcopal Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); Scott Radio Service Company (approx. ¼ mile away); COFO Central Offices (approx. 0.3 miles away); Edwards Hotel (approx. 0.3 miles away); Noel House (approx. 0.4 miles away); Council of Federated Organizations (COFO) (approx. 0.4 miles away); 217 W. Capitol (approx. 0.4 miles away); Ace Records (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Jackson.
Also see . . .
1. An "Update" for Robert Mugge's film "Last of the Mississippi Jukes" (video). Includes footage of the building coming down. (Submitted on January 19, 2014, by Cleo Robertson of Fort Lauderdale, Florida.)
2. Mississippi Blues Trail: Subway Lounge - Jackson. (Submitted on January 19, 2014, by Cleo Robertson of Fort Lauderdale, Florida.)
3. Wikipedia: Summers Hotel and Subway Lounge. (Submitted on January 19, 2014, by Cleo Robertson of Fort Lauderdale, Florida.)
4. Em's on the Road: The Subway Lounge. (Submitted on January 19, 2014, by Cleo Robertson of Fort Lauderdale, Florida.)
5. Last of the Mississippi Jukes. (Submitted on January 19, 2014, by Cleo Robertson of Fort Lauderdale, Florida.)
Categories. • African Americans • Entertainment •
Credits. This page was last revised on December 12, 2017. This page originally submitted on December 31, 2011, by Jeff Lovorn of Florence, Mississippi. This page has been viewed 765 times since then and 30 times this year. Last updated on January 30, 2014, by Cleo Robertson of Fort Lauderdale, Florida. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on December 31, 2011, by Jeff Lovorn of Florence, Mississippi. 3, 4. submitted on January 19, 2014, by Cleo Robertson of Fort Lauderdale, Florida. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.