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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Buena Vista in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Barry Farm - Hillsdale

African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC

 

— Bounded by St. Elizabeths Hospital, Alabama Avenue and Morris Road, SE, and the Anacostia River —

 
Barry Farm - Hillsdale Marker image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, July 3, 2009
1. Barry Farm - Hillsdale Marker
Inscription.  
In 1867 the U.S. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (Freedmen’s Bureau) purchased 375 acres from white farmers David and Julia Barry to resettle formerly enslaved African Americans. By 1870 more than 500 families had purchased lots and built homes at Barry Farm, later renamed Hillsdale.

During World War II, the U.S. Government constructed “Barry Farms” housing on Hillsdale’s eastern edge to relieve overcrowding across the Anacostia [River]. Soon, Southwest [DC] urban renewal brought more families, spurring the over building of multi-family housing. These projects and the Suitland Parkway and Anacostia Freeway greatly changed the neighborhood. Most remaining historic houses date to around 1900; a few older ones remain along Elvans Road.
 
Erected by Cultural Tourism DC.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansGovernment & PoliticsSettlements & Settlers. In addition, it is included in the African American Heritage Trail series list.
 
Location.
Barry Farm - Hillsdale Marker image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, July 3, 2009
2. Barry Farm - Hillsdale Marker
- view from across Howard Road - marker visible behind railing, center left.
Marker has been reported missing. It was located near 38° 51.73′ N, 76° 59.693′ W. Marker was in Buena Vista in Washington, District of Columbia. Marker was on Howard Road Southeast west of Martin Luther King, Jr. Avenue Southeast, on the right when traveling east. Marker is off the sidewalk at the northeast corner of DC Metro's Anacostia station, on Howard Road between Firth Sterling and MLK, Jr. Avenues, SE. Touch for map. Marker was at or near this postal address: 1101 Howard Road Southeast, Washington DC 20020, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. A Navy Town (within shouting distance of this marker); Faith and Action (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Nichols Avenue Elementary School/Old Birney School Site (about 400 feet away); Birney School (about 500 feet away); A Museum for the Community (about 700 feet away); Roads That Divide (approx. 0.2 miles away); Barry Farm Dwellings (approx. 0.2 miles away); Campbell African Methodist Episcopal Church (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Buena Vista.
 
More about this marker.
[Photo caption:]
A home on Sheridan Road in Barry Farm, early 1900s.
Anacostia Community Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
 
Also see . . .
1. Suitland Parkway. (Submitted on July 29, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
2. Barry Farm Site, African American Heritage Trail. (Submitted on January 16, 2018, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.)
 
Additional keywords. Reconstruction
The Anacostia Metro Station image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, July 3, 2009
3. The Anacostia Metro Station
The Barry Farm-Hillsdale Marker is at its northeastern end, past the crosswalk, left middle. Note the acclaimed glass mosaic frieze by Martha Jackson-Jarvis, "River Spirits of the Anacostia" decorating the facility's roof-line, upper right.
Era; Uniontown; Ward 8; housing segregation; urban decay; Martha Jackson-Jarvis.
 
View toward downtown Washington from the Suitland Parkway-MLK Ave overpass, southeast of the marker. image. Click for full size.
By Richard E. Miller, October 7, 2009
4. View toward downtown Washington from the Suitland Parkway-MLK Ave overpass, southeast of the marker.
Changes wrought by construction of the parkway (begun in 1944) and subsequent high density housing projects for the poor are said to mark the start of Barry Farm-Hillsdales's decline from its beginnings as a thriving, semi-rural Afro-American community.
Barry Farm - Hillsdale Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, February 2, 2018
5. Barry Farm - Hillsdale Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on May 19, 2020. It was originally submitted on July 29, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,752 times since then and 10 times this year. Last updated on February 2, 2018, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 29, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.   5. submitted on February 2, 2018, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
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Jul. 6, 2020