Buena Vista in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Barry Farm - Hillsdale
African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC
— Bounded by St. Elizabeths Hospital, Alabama Avenue and Morris Road, SE, and the Anacostia River —
In 1867 the U.S. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (Freedmen’s Bureau) purchased 375 acres from white farmers David and Julia Barry to resettle formerly enslaved African Americans. By 1870 more than 500 families had purchased lots and built homes at Barry Farm, later renamed Hillsdale.
During World War II, the U.S. Government constructed “Barry Farms” housing on Hillsdale’s eastern edge to relieve overcrowding across the Anacostia [River]. Soon, Southwest [DC] urban renewal brought more families, spurring the over building of multi-family housing. These projects and the Suitland Parkway and Anacostia Freeway greatly changed the neighborhood. Most remaining historic houses date to around 1900; a few older ones remain along Elvans Road.
Erected by Cultural Tourism DC.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • Government & Politics • Settlements & Settlers. In addition, it is included in the African American Heritage Trail series list.
Location. Touch for map. Marker was at or near this postal address: 1101 Howard Road Southeast, Washington DC 20020, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. A Navy Town (within shouting distance of this marker); Faith and Action (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Nichols Avenue Elementary School/Old Birney School Site (about 400 feet away); Birney School (about 500 feet away); A Museum for the Community (about 700 feet away); Roads That Divide (approx. 0.2 miles away); Barry Farm Dwellings (approx. 0.2 miles away); Campbell African Methodist Episcopal Church (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Buena Vista.
More about this marker.
A home on Sheridan Road in Barry Farm, early 1900s.
Anacostia Community Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Also see . . .
1. Suitland Parkway. (Submitted on July 29, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
2. Barry Farm Site, African American Heritage Trail. (Submitted on January 16, 2018, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.)
Additional keywords. Reconstruction
Credits. This page was last revised on May 19, 2020. It was originally submitted on July 29, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,752 times since then and 10 times this year. Last updated on February 2, 2018, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 29, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. 5. submitted on February 2, 2018, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.