The Battle of New Orleans, 1815
Only 69 miles from where you are standing, the most significant battle of the War of 1812 was fought, the Battle of New Orleans. Ironically, it was neither fought in New Orleans, nor was it fought during the official War of 1812. Instead, it was fought in Chalmette, two weeks after the war had ended with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent.
In the fall of 1814, the British sent 7,500 troops under General Edward Pakenham to New Orleans in order to get control of the Mississippi River. In response, the Americans chose General Andrew Jackson to meet the threat. Jackson's army was made up of a mishmash of militiamen from southern states, pirates, sailors, and about four-hundred free black volunteers from Louisiana for a total of approximately 6,000. Nothing about this group struck fear in the hearts of the British.
As a result, Pakenham ordered a direct frontal assault on January 8, 1815. But the Americans were firmly entrenched behind cotton bales, mounds, and the like that they had set up, they were well protected as the British came ashore. American riflemen tore the invading British forces to pieces. The battle only lasted a half hour
Coupled with the news about the Treaty of Ghent, the reports of the incredible victory at New Orleans lifted the nation's spirits after a war that was mainly a disaster for the United States. Americans came out of the war with a sense of national pride especially because it had ended on such a high note at New Orleans. Those who had opposed the war, especially the members of the Federalist party, began to be seen as defeatists and even worse, traitors. Consequently, the Federalist party fell out of favor and essentially disappeared after the war.
The Battle of New Orleans also created a new national hero in Andrew Jackson. Jackson was a new type of hero for America, a man of the west (Tennessee) and one that was raised far from the traditional seats of political power on the east coast. Jackson would be seen as a common man, as a man of the people. Of course, Jackson would later become the seventh president of the United States. But his rise to national prominence happened first because of his leadership at the Battle of New Orleans.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War of 1812. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #07 Andrew Jackson
Location. 30° 13.691′ N, 90° 54.808′ W. Marker is in Gonzales, Louisiana, in Ascension Parish. Marker can be reached from South Irma Boulevard, 0.3 miles north of East Worthey Street, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gonzales LA 70737, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The War of 1812 (here, next to this marker); Star Spangled Banner (here, next to this marker); The Mexican-American War (a few steps from this marker); Mexico Will Poison Us (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named The Mexican-American War (a few steps from this marker); The Freedom Fountain (within shouting distance of this marker); Civil War (within shouting distance of this marker); Ascension Parish Residents Fighting the War on Terror (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gonzales.
More about this marker. Located in the Gonzales Veterans Memorial Park.
Credits. This page was last revised on March 10, 2018. It was originally submitted on March 10, 2018, by Cajun Scrambler of Assumption, Louisiana. This page has been viewed 614 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on March 10, 2018.