Fort Morgan in Baldwin County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
Second Battle of Fort Bowyer
February 8-12, 1815
1 Killed; 18 Wounded
28 Cannon (not including those on ships)
13 Killed; 18 Wounded
A map of the Second Battle of Fort Bowyer and final battle of the War of 1812. The overwhelming force with which the British laid siege to the fort is evident. However, the victory was a hollow one. Within a month of the British trump, notification would arrive that the war had ended on Christmas Eve 1814 with the Treaty of Ghent. As a stipulation of the treaty, all lands and territories gained by either side during the war were to be returned to its previous owner. Fort Bowyer was handed over to the U. S. Army on March 25th, 1815.
Image Courtesy of the Historic New Orleans Collection
The British defeated at Fort Bowyer and at the Battle of New Orleans did not spell the end of the British Campaign of the Gulf Coast. On February 8, 1815, the British returned to Fort Bowyer and began landing overwhelming numbers of men under the command of Major General John Lambert in
On the 10th, reinforcements for the British arrived from the main camp on Dauphin Island three miles away. Aggressively, they advanced their trenches continuously day and night until the afternoon of the 10th found the British mortar emplacements within 25 yards of the fort’s outer wall.
At 11:00 a.m. on the 11th, General Lambert offered Lieutenant Colonel Lawrence in terms of surrender. Faced with overwhelming odds and a fort filled with not just soldiers but also 20 women, 16 children, and 3 servants, Colonel Lawrence accepted General Lambert’s terms. That afternoon, British soldiers took possession of the fort’s sally port until Col. Lawrence and his garrison marched out of the fort the following day.
In a letter to President Madison, General Jackson on March 24th expressed his disappointment and surprise that the fort surrendered. He would also praise Major Uriah Blue ’s and his relief force which were able to capture 17 British soldiers at an advanced picket. Major Blue’s forces arrived only
The Fort Bowyer Historic Wayside Project was possible through the continued generous support of the Alabama Society and Major Uriah Blue Chapter, N.S.U.S.D. 1812.
Erected by Alabama Society and Major Uriah Blue Chapter, N.S.U.S.D. 1812.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts and Castles • War of 1812. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #04 James Madison series list. A significant historical date for this entry is December 24, 1814.
Location. 30° 13.79′ N, 88° 1.409′ W. Marker is in Fort Morgan, Alabama, in Baldwin County. Marker is on Fort Morgan Road (Alabama Route 180) 2 miles west of Dune Drive, on the left when traveling west. Marker is located at Fort Morgan on Mobile Bay. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gulf Shores AL 36542, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. First Battle of Fort Bowyer (here, next to this marker); Fort Bowyer (here, next to this marker); Noble Leslie DeVotie (a few steps from this marker); Fort Bowyer War of 1812 (a few steps from this marker); 32 Pounder Sea Coast Defense Gun (within shouting distance of this marker); Battery Schenck (1899-1923) (within shouting distance of this marker); U.S. Model 1918M1 155mm Gun and Model 1918A1 Carriage (within shouting distance of this marker); Battery Thomas (1898-1917) (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fort Morgan.
Also see . . . General Lambert. General Sir John Lambert GCB (28 April 1772 – 14 September 1847) was a British Army officer who served in the French Revolutionary Wars, the Napoleonic Wars and the War of 1812. (Submitted on June 5, 2018, by Sandra Hughes Tidwell of Killen, Alabama, USA.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 7, 2018. It was originally submitted on June 5, 2018, by Sandra Hughes Tidwell of Killen, Alabama, USA. This page has been viewed 260 times since then and 40 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on June 5, 2018, by Sandra Hughes Tidwell of Killen, Alabama, USA. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.