“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Round Rock in Williamson County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)

Round Rock

Round Rock Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Keith Peterson, June 24, 2018
1. Round Rock Marker
Inscription.  Permanent settlement began in this area in the late 1830s. By 1848, former Austin Mayor Jacob Harrell moved here, selling town lots near the Stagecoach Road crossing at Brushy Creek. A post office named “Brushy Creek” opened in 1851 in Thomas Oatts’ store. Three years later, the name changed to “Round Rock” for a distinctive limestone formation marking a natural ford for wagons. With immigration from several states and Sweden, the population doubled during the 1850s, bringing new stores, churches, fraternal lodges and grain mills. The first institution of higher learning, Round Rock Academy, began in 1862. After the Civil War, the former trail and stage road became a prominent cattle drive route.

In 1876, the International-Great Northern Railroad developed a new townsite east of the existing Round Rock. A commercial district sprang up along Georgetown Avenue (Main Street) with construction of many limestone buildings. “New Town” quickly eclipsed the established settlement, whose postal name changed again to “Old Round Rock.” For months, the new site was the railroad terminus, bringing
Round Rock Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Keith Peterson, June 24, 2018
2. Round Rock Marker
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lumber and flour mills, cotton gins, blacksmith and wagon shops, banks, hotels, restaurants, stores and schools. Round Rock challenged the state capital for economic control of central Texas, boasting six hotels to Austin’s five and serving as the retail hub for several counties to the west. The railroad also made Round Rock a more cosmopolitan place, bringing new residents from all over the U.S. And all around the world. Well-positioned for growth by its location on major transportation routes, Round Rock became one of the nation’s fastest-growing cities by the late 20th century. Two dozen commercial buildings in Round Rock’s historic downtown were listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.
Erected 2009 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 15945.)
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Settlements & Settlers.
Location. 30° 30.534′ N, 97° 40.643′ W. Marker is in Round Rock, Texas, in Williamson County. Marker is on E. Main Ave., on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Round Rock TX 78664, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Andrew J. Palm House (a few steps from this marker); Early Commercial Building (a few steps from this marker); Old Broom Factory Building (about
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400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Otto Reinke Building (about 400 feet away); Sam Bass' Death Site (about 600 feet away); Nelson-Crier House (about 700 feet away); A. J. and Carolina Anderson House (approx. ¼ mile away); Olson House (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Round Rock.
Credits. This page was last revised on January 20, 2020. It was originally submitted on June 24, 2018, by Keith Peterson of Cedar Park, Texas. This page has been viewed 175 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on June 24, 2018, by Keith Peterson of Cedar Park, Texas. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.

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Sep. 26, 2022