“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Wharton in Wharton County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)

Wharton County Courthouse

Wharton County Courthouse Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Gregory Walker, July 27, 2016
1. Wharton County Courthouse Marker
Inscription.  The Texas legislature created Wharton County in 1846, incorporating part of Stephen F. Austin's original land grant from Mexico. The William Kincheloe family donated land on the east bank of the Colorado River for a courthouse square, and the home of first county treasurer Daniel Kincheloe served as a temporary courthouse.

A framed building (1848) and two-story brick building (1852) served as courthouses on Monterey Square until the county considered a new edifice in the 1880s. Judge W.J. Croom favored a new building, while A.H. "Shanghai" Pierce and G.C. Duncan led several landowners in signing a petition and filing injunctions to stop the county from proceeding. In 1888, the Commissioners Court ordered plans from Houston architect Eugene T. Heiner for a courthouse and jail. Heiner, a founding member of the Texas State Association of Architects in 1886, also designed Judge Croom's home (1895), Wharton Public School (1899), and other public, commercial and residential buildings in Texas.

Litigation delayed construction on the courthouse until November 1888. Completed in August 1889, it featured Second Empire and Italianate
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styling, including a mansard roof decorated with pediments, truncated roofs, limestone detailing, arched windows, corner quoins, and a tall central clock tower. The salmon-colored brick came from Colorado River clay deposits. Major alterations by architects J.W. Dahnert (1935) and Wyatt C. Hedrick (1949) resulted in new wings and entries, removal of features, and stucco exterior finish in the Moderne style. The altered structure served the county until the 21st century, when a unique and far-reaching preservation effort resulted in its full restoration.
Erected 2007 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 14041.)
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Notable Buildings. A significant historical month for this entry is August 1889.
Location. 29° 18.612′ N, 96° 6.055′ W. Marker is in Wharton, Texas, in Wharton County. Marker is on West Burleson Street east of South Houston Street, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 103 South Fulton St, Wharton TX 77488, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Site of the Home of Robert McAlpin Williamson (within shouting distance of this marker); City of Wharton (within shouting distance of this marker); Wharton County (within shouting distance of this marker); Wharton County Confederate Memorial
Wharton County Courthouse and Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Gregory Walker
2. Wharton County Courthouse and Marker
(within shouting distance of this marker); Site of Plaza Hotel and Plaza Theater (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Judge George E. Quinan (about 300 feet away); Security Bank and Trust Company (about 400 feet away); Judge Edwin Hawes House (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Wharton.
Credits. This page was last revised on July 22, 2018. It was originally submitted on July 30, 2016, by Gregory Walker of La Grange, Texas. This page has been viewed 397 times since then and 54 times this year. Last updated on July 22, 2018, by Brian Anderson of Humble, Texas. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 30, 2016, by Gregory Walker of La Grange, Texas. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.

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Oct. 3, 2023