Korčula in Korčula (island), Dubrovnik-Neretva (county), Croatia
The Naval Battle in the Waters Off Korčula
Pomorska Bitka u Voddama Korčule
The famous naval battle between Venice and Genoa took place in the Pelješac Channel, along the north-eastern coast of the island of Korčula, on 7 (sic, 9) September 1298. It was one of the greatest and bloodiest medieval naval battles. Korčula was then a walled town under the direction of Venice. The Statute of the town and island of Korčula from 1214 regulated the life within the commune. In the battle, which lasted the whole Sunday day, the Venetian fleet was heavily defeated. The Genoese fleet was commanded by Lamba Doria, and Venetian by Andrea Dandolo. Marco Polo commanded a galley which was equipped by the Polo family.
The heroism of Marco Polo is described in the following words by a chronicler: He was captured because he was slipping with his galleon into the front lines and courageously fought." The Genoese poet Luchetti, a contemporary of Marco Polo, described the battle and invasion of Korčula by the Genoese army:
our army went straight to the island
and there it did the following:
in less than a day they crashed
with "rams: the well populated and affluent suburb
that rose above the sea and was enclosed
on all sides by walls with toothed crowns;
at the same time our army burned down
all other residential building,
houses and dwellings of the place:
dust and ashes!"
Marco Polo was wounded and taken to Genoe in chains, where he was imprisoned until 1299. In his prison cell he dictated his adventures to the writer Rustichelllo (sic) of Pisa. He recounted all his years at the court of Kublai Khan, which Rustichello recorded in the old French language. When in Venice, this interesting adventurous work was published under the title The Book of World Wonders, later called Il Milione in Italian.
The oldest manuscript of his travel book dates from 1299 and is kept in Switzerland. The book Il Milione was printed for the first time in 1477 and about 150 manuscripts from the 14th and 15th centuries have been preserved. After the Bible this is the most widely read book in the world.
Marco Polo died in Venice as a rich merchant in 1324
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Notable Buildings.
Location. 42° 57.707′ N, 17° 8.18′ E. Marker is in Korčula, Dubrovnik-Neretva (county), in Korčula (island). Marker is on Ulica Depolo just from Ulica Don Pavla. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Korčula, Dubrovnik-Neretva (county) 20260, Croatia. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Silk Road (here, next to this marker); Reconstruction of the House of Marco Polo 2015.-2020. (here, next to this marker); Marco Polo (here, next to this marker in Dubrovacko-neretvanska županija); The Memorial Tablet (about 150 meters away, measured in a direct line); The Town of Korčula (about 150 meters away).
More about this marker. Foot traffic only inside Old Town.
Also see . . . Battle of Curzola - Wikipedia. According to a later tradition (16th Century) recorded by Giovanni Battista Ramusio, Marco Polo was one of those among the Venetian prisoners and he dictated his famous book during the few months of his imprisonment; but whether he was actually caught at this battle or at a previous minor engagement near Laiazzo (Ayas) is unclear. (Submitted on December 5, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.)
Credits. This page was last revised on December 5, 2018. It was originally submitted on December 5, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 111 times since then and 18 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on December 5, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.