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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Marine Villa in St. Louis, Missouri — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

The Simon Complex

Cherokee-Lemp Historic District

 
 
The Simon Complex Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, April 23, 2019
1. The Simon Complex Marker
Inscription.  
Courtyards, alley houses, shops on the first floors, second floor apartments — this combination and arrangement of residential and commercial uses were typical of mid-19th century neighborhoods crowded with immigrants.

Gradually during the early and mid 19th century, builders adapted the design of contemporary houses for shops. On brick buildings that edged the streets and featured simple brick cornices, they enlarged the doors to accommodate patrons and deliveries and expanded windows for displays. This building, 1908-1914 Cherokee, reflects this early trend in local commercial architecture.

Other traits of this complex provide a fascinating glimpse into 19th century lifestyles. The gated passageway or gangway pierces through the first floor, opening into the courtyard. As with this building, it was a common practice to build the second floor apartments with entrances, not from the street but by stairs from the courtyard.

A three story alley house was constructed along the alley edge of the property enclosing the yard in 1890. The mansard roof and facade of this three story building actually face
The Simon Complex Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, April 23, 2019
2. The Simon Complex Marker
the alley. The entrances to the two-room apartments, however, were from porches, doors and stairs opening onto the courtyard.

Compton & Dry's Pictorial St. Louis from 1875 shows that the building facing the street originally extended several more units to the west. That part of the structure was razed in 1977. Architect and owner Ray Simon converted that vacant lot into parking and garden when he renovated the complex 1988-90
 
Erected 1999 by NiNi Harris. (Marker Number I.)
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: ArchitectureIndustry & Commerce. In addition, it is included in the Missouri, St. Louis, The Cherokee-Lemp History Walk ⚜️ series list.
 
Location. 38° 35.545′ N, 90° 13.146′ W. Marker is in Marine Villa in St. Louis, Missouri. Marker is on Cherokee Street west of Lemp Avenue, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1908 Cherokee Street, Saint Louis MO 63118, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 1905 - 09 Cherokee (a few steps from this marker); The Corner Store (a few steps from this marker); 1901 Cherokee (within shouting distance of this marker); The Blacksmith Shop (within shouting distance of this
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marker); The Wagon House (within shouting distance of this marker); The Elusive Cemetery (within shouting distance of this marker); Settlers' Homes (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); International Shoe (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Marine Villa.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 16, 2020. It was originally submitted on April 30, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 103 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on April 30, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.
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Mar. 8, 2021