Newark in New Castle County, Delaware — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
The Battle of Cooch's Bridge
On 3 September 1777, approximately 800 Americans forming the “Special Corps” of Brigadier General William Maxwell engaged several thousand Hessian and Anspack “Jagers” (light infantry) and British light infantry in the vicinity of Cooch’s Bridge. Maxwell’ newly formed corps was composed of Continentals from New Jersey, North Carolina, Pennsylvania and Virginia, as well as volunteers from neighboring Pennsylvania and militia from New Castle County. Men composing Maxwell’s corps were supposed to be marksman, and many were armed with rifles.
For one week, under orders from General George Washington to “provide every possibly annoyance”, Maxwell corps had harassed and scouted the Crown Forces army. Commanded by General William Howe, the 17,000 man Crown Forces army had landed at the Head of Elk in late August intent on advancing to capture the American capital, Philadelphia.
Advancing along the Glasgow-to-Newark road at about 9 o’clock in the morning, the Crown Forces advanced guard marched into a well-prepared
After the initial surprise, the rifle-armed jagers rallied and overran the first American position in hand-to-hand fighting. A second American line was encountered, stalling the Crown Forces advance. Howe reinforced the jagers with two British light infantry battalions and ordered these troops to out flank the American position. The advance to the right led to a swampy area-today’s Sunset Lake-effectively removing one light infantry battalion from the action. The drive to the left towards Iron Hill was more successful in outflanking the Americans, forcing them to withdraw. Eventually Maxwell’s troops were forced to cross the Christina Creek at Cooch’s Bridge, when Crown Forces artillery came into play, and Howe ordered a charge. Outnumbered, outgunned, disorganized, and low on ammunition, the Americans withdraw towards Christiana, ending the battle.
Casualties on both sides ranged 30 to 40 dead and wounded. British pioneers buried at least 24 Americans on the field in unmarked graves. Among the American officers engaged in the battle were John Marshall (future United States Chief Justice), Thomas Duff of Newport, Delaware,
Following the battle the Crown Forces occupied the area from Rittenhouse Park and Iron Hill to Aiken’s Tavern (Glasgow), General Cornwallis established his headquarters at the Cooch House. The Crown Forces encamped in the area for five days and on 8 September marched north through Newark. On 11 September 1777, the two armies met again at the Battle of Brandywine. The local grist mills of Thomas Cooch and Andrew Fisher were used to provide flour to the Crown’s troops, and the Cooch mill was destroyed when the Crown Forces departed.
Sometimes known as the Battle of Iron Hill by American participants, the battle was the opening engagement in the Philadelphia Campaign of 1777.
Researched by Wade P. Catts, RPA
Erected by Pencader Heritage Area Association.
Location. 39° 38.376′ N, 75° 43.794′ W. Marker is in Newark, Delaware, in New Castle County. Marker is on Delaware Route 72. The marker is on the grounds of the Penader Museum. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2029 Sunset Lake Road, Newark DE 19702, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Germans & German-Americans in The American War of Independence (here, next to this marker); French General Comte de Rochambeau and the French Army Memorial (here, next to this marker); Hessian Soldiers Memorial (here, next to this marker); The Royal Deux-Ponts Memorial (here, next to this marker); Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route (here, next to this marker); Delaware Militia (here, next to this marker); Marquis de Lafayette (a few steps from this marker); Preserving the History of the Battlefield (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Newark.
Categories. • War, US Revolutionary •
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Credits. This page was last revised on October 5, 2019. This page originally submitted on September 24, 2019, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 55 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on September 24, 2019, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.