“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Havre in Hill County, Montana — The American West (Mountains)

Fort Assinniboine

Fort Assinniboine Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Barry Swackhamer, August 15, 2019
1. Fort Assinniboine Marker
Inscription.  According to the United States War Department, Fort Assinniboine was established in 1879 “for the purpose of protecting the citizens of Montana from the hostile incursions of Indian tribes dwelling in that region; and especially ... the Sioux which had withdrawn across the international boundary line after its victory over the United States troops in the Yellowstone country in 1876.” The first buildings were built so quickly that local Indian people said they “rose magically out of the ground.” Eventually more than 100 buildings cost in excess of a million dollars on the 220,000-acre military reserve. Fort architecture ranged from typical nineteenth century military utilitarian designs to elegant fortress styling. Garrisoned troops were to monitor the Blackfeet Nation, Gros Ventre, Assiniboine, Sioux (Lakota), Cree, and Métis; deter raiding parties; and guard wagon trains. Soldiers drilled on the parade ground, patrolled the prairies, made brick, and constructed fort buildings. These troops, however, never saw major action. Fort Assinniboine could accommodate 746 enlisted men and officers, but there were seldom more
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than 500. Later on, the fort housed some of the famous African-American “buffalo soldiers” of the Tenth Cavalry. Abandonment of the post by 1911 influenced the subsequent history of northern Montana; demolished buildings provided the brick for construction of Pershing Hall at Northern Montana College; 58,000 acres of fort land became part of Rocky Boy's Indian Reservation; and another portion became an experimental station for Montana State Agricultural College. Most of the land was opened to homesteading and the Beaver Creek area, first designated a federal park, became part of the largest county park in the United States.
Erected by Montana Historical Society; Department of the Interior, National Register of Historic Places.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Forts and Castles. In addition, it is included in the Montana National Register Sign Program series list.
Location. 48° 29.913′ N, 109° 47.795′ W. Marker is in Havre, Montana, in Hill County. Marker is on Fort Circle near 82nd Avenue West (Assinniboine Road). Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Havre MT 59501, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Fort Assinniboine (here, next to this marker); The Buffalo Soldiers at Fort Assinniboine
Fort Assinniboine Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Barry Swackhamer, August 15, 2019
2. Fort Assinniboine Marker
The marker is located on the right wall in this group of markers.
(here, next to this marker); Fort Assiniboine (here, next to this marker); John A. Burns (a few steps from this marker); Library (within shouting distance of this marker); Company Officers' Quarters (Apartments) (within shouting distance of this marker); Guardhouse (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Company Officer's Quarters (Duplexes) (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Havre.
More about this marker. This marker on the parade grounds of Fort Assinniboine.
Credits. This page was last revised on November 19, 2019. It was originally submitted on November 19, 2019, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 127 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on November 19, 2019, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.

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Mar. 2, 2024