“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Galveston in Galveston County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)

[Galveston County] Early History

[Galveston County] Early History Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Jim Evans, November 24, 2011
1. [Galveston County] Early History Marker
Inscription.  General Xavier Mina, hoping to establish a settlement at what is now the Galveston County mainland, arrived and set up breastworks at Virginia Point in 1816.

Between 1815 and 1817, three leaders of expeditions against Spanish Mexico, Mina, Henry Perry and Luis Aury, joined forces at Galveston. Their subsequent expedition ended in failure. Mina was put to death before a firing squad and Perry took his own life.

The first printing in Texas, Mina's orders of February 22, 1817, were prepared by Samuel Bangs who later established the Galveston News.

Aury returned to Galveston Island where he found the notorious Pirate Jean Laffite firmly established. Laffite, while occupying the island, entertained many notables on his ship "The Pride" and his fortress home, The Maison Rouge.

In 1821, James Campbell left Laffite's company and established a settlement on the mainland at what is now Campbell's Bayou. Austinia, at the mouth of Moses Lake, was granted a charter for a railroad by the Republic of Texas in 1839.

Laffitte abandoned Galveston Island in 1821 on orders of the U.S. Government and sailed
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away and became a legend.

In 1820, Jane Long, who later became known as the Mother of Texas, maintained a camp and fort at Port Bolivar. With only a newborn child and a servant, she remained there for several years. Her husband, James Long, unsuccessfully tried to raise an army against Spanish forces in Texas and later was taken prisoner and died in Mexico. Independence was finally won from Mexico by General Sam Houston and his forces at nearby San Jacinto in 1836.
Erected by The County of Galveston.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Settlements & Settlers. A significant historical date for this entry is February 22, 1861.
Location. 29° 18.195′ N, 94° 47.392′ W. Marker is in Galveston, Texas, in Galveston County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Moody Avenue and Winnie Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 722 Moody Ave, Galveston TX 77550, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Texas Bar Association (here, next to this marker); Texas Revolution and Civil War (here, next to this marker); Dignified Resignation (a few steps from this marker); George Campbell Childress (a few steps from this marker); Exploration (a few steps from this marker); Reconstruction to 1900
[Galveston] Early History Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Jim Evans, November 24, 2011
2. [Galveston] Early History Marker
This is the Galveston County Courthouse. This and several other markers are located on the circular path you can see around the statue in front of the courthouse.
(a few steps from this marker); The Rt. Rev. Monsignor James Martin Kirwin (within shouting distance of this marker); [Galveston County] 1901-1965 (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Galveston.
More about this marker. This marker is directly in front of the Galveston County Courthouse. There is a circle of similar plaques in this location.
Credits. This page was last revised on December 27, 2019. It was originally submitted on November 29, 2011, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. This page has been viewed 778 times since then and 48 times this year. Last updated on December 25, 2019, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. Photos:   1. submitted on December 19, 2019, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas.   2. submitted on November 29, 2011, by Jim Evans of Houston, Texas. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.

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Oct. 4, 2023