Lewes in Sussex County, Delaware — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Hooper's Island, Maryland
Civilian volunteers of the U.S. Army Ground Observers Corps (GOC), a branch of the Aircraft Warning System (AWS) used buildings like this during World War II. The AWS used different types of buildings, including dedicated office buildings, people's homes, or structures like this built specifically to spot aircraft. These structures were commonly called "Spotter Houses."
The volunteer observers received extensive training in aircraft recognition. Some of the training tools used were models, books and publications, and flashcards all dedicated to identifying aircraft.
This shed was sparsely furnished. Typically, two observers occupied the shed at one time. They used a bunk underneath the cupola to take turns resting. Often, members of a family took turns watching the skies. A single bulb provided light and a small stove heated the building. When the observers identified an aircraft, they filled out an Aircraft Flash Message Form and called the flash center using a hand-rung, wall-mounted phone (phone number: Golden Hill 2672). Each spotter location had a code name. The building was "Peter Jig 41."
Record of observations phoned into filter station by volunteers
Arm band worn by volunteer Aircraft Warning System volunteers
Identification card for volunteers in the Ground Observer Corps of the Aircraft Warning System
Pin worn by volunteers with the Aircraft Warning System
Aircraft recognition aids used by volunteers to identify observed aircraft
Erected by Fort Miles Museum, Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Air & Space • Communications • War, World II. A significant historical year for this entry is 1942.
Location. 38° 46.666′ N, 75° 5.366′ W. Marker is in Lewes, Delaware, in Sussex County. Marker can be reached from Dune Road, half a mile east of Campground Road, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 37468 Dune Rd, Lewes DE 19958, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Aircraft Warning System (here, next to this marker); Fort Miles Artillery Park3-Inch Gun (within shouting distance of this marker); 155mm Gun (within shouting distance of this marker); 8-inch Gun (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); 6-inch Gun (about 400 feet away); Proof Steel (about 400 feet away); 16-inch Gun (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lewes.
Also see . . . Hoopers Island, Maryland. (Submitted on June 29, 2021, by John Miller of Rising Sun, Maryland.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 29, 2021. It was originally submitted on May 17, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 123 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on May 17, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. 3, 4. submitted on June 29, 2021, by John Miller of Rising Sun, Maryland.