Barry Farm in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
An East of the River View
— Anacostia Heritage Trail —
By the end of the Civil War (1861-1865) some 40,000 refugees from slavery had arrived in Washington. They settled where they could, often in terrible conditions. To provide them with housing and education, the U.S. government established the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. In 1867 the Freedmen's Bureau bought 375 acres from Barry's heirs to establish a model community. The Bureau sold one-acre lots here, including building materials, and required buyers to construct a 14 X 24-foot two-room house with a peaked roof.
Within two years, more than 500 African American families, both refugees and established Washingtonians, had bought lots. Together they cleared trees and built houses, a church, and a school. After working all day, many families trudged out to Anacostia in the evenings to dig, saw, and hammer by candlelight.
Most Barry Farm men worked
Erected 2013 by Cultural Tourism DC. (Marker Number 4.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • Government & Politics • Notable Places • Settlements & Settlers. In addition, it is included in the Anacostia Heritage Trail series list.
Location. 38° 51.509′ N, 76° 59.739′ W. Marker is in Barry Farm in Washington, District of Columbia. Marker is on Martin Luther King Jr. Avenue Southeast north of Eaton Road Southeast, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Grandpapa's Farm (within shouting distance of this marker); Campbell African Methodist Episcopal Church (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Barry Farm Dwellings (about 500 feet away); The Curative Powers of Nature (about 600 feet away); Roads That Divide (about 600 feet away); Faith and Action (approx. 0.2 miles away); St. Elizabeths Hospital (approx. ¼ mile away); A Navy Town (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Barry Farm.
Credits. This page was last revised on July 5, 2020. It was originally submitted on March 4, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 251 times since then and 27 times this year. Last updated on July 5, 2020, by Bruce Guthrie of Silver Spring, Maryland. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on March 4, 2017, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.